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Archaeological Site of Troy*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Troas.png
State Party  Turkey
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, vi
Reference 849
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1998  (22nd Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
.Troy (Greek: Τροία, Troia,Turkish:"Truva", also Ἴλιον, Ilion; Latin: Trōia, Īlium;[1] Hittite: Wilusa or Truwisa) was a city, both factual and legendary, best known for being the focus of the Trojan War, as described in the Epic Cycle and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer.^ The best of Greece outnumber the best of Troy two to one.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ VELIOR The best of Greece outnumber the best of Troy, two to one.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Parker was one of two Native Americans to reach the rank of Brigadier General during the Civil War.
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Trojan refers to the inhabitants and culture of Troy.
Metrical evidence from the Iliad and the Odyssey seems to show that the name Ἴλιον formerly began with a digamma (Ϝίλιον): this was later proved by the Hittite form Wilusa.
.Today it is the name of an archaeological site, the traditional location of Homeric Troy, Turkish Truva, in Hisarlık, Anatolia, close to the seacoast in what is now Çanakkale province in northwest Turkey, southwest of the Dardanelles under Mount Ida.^ Hohokam is one of the four major prehistoric archaeological traditions of what is now the American Southwest.
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A new city of Ilium was founded on the site in the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus. It flourished until the establishment of Constantinople and declined gradually during the Byzantine era.
.In 1865 an English archaeologist, Frank Calvert, excavated trial trenches in a field he had bought from a local farmer at Hisarlık, near Truva and in 1868 a wealthy German businessman, Heinrich Schliemann, after a chance meeting between the two men in Çanakkale town, also began excavating in this area.^ The two men are alone on the great field.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It's a dispute between two men.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is a dispute between two men.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

[2][3] Later excavations revealed several cities built in succession to each other. .One of the earlier cities (Troy VII) is generally identified with Homeric Troy.^ EXT. WALLS OF TROY - DAY 83 One thousand ARCHERS stand in various positions on the broad city walls, quivers of arrows by their sides.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

While such an identity is disputed, the site has been successfully identified with the city called Wilusa in Hittite texts; Ilion (which goes back to earlier Wilion with a digamma) is thought to be the Greek rendition of that name.
The archaeological site of Troy was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998.

Contents

Homeric Troy

.
Portion of the legendary walls of Troy (VII), identified as the site of the Trojan War (ca.
^ B EXT. WALLS OF TROY 84B The Trojan soldiers don't quiver or waver, but the expressions on their faces betray their anxiety.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ CUT TO: 94F EXT. WALLS OF TROY - BELOW 94F GLAUCUS the Trojan general, sees that the princes have gained some distance from their pursuers.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

1200 BC)
.Ancient Greek historians placed the Trojan War variously in our 12th, 13th, or 14th century BC: Eratosthenes to 1184 BC, Herodotus to 1250 BC, Duris of Samos to 1334 BC. Modern archaeologists associate Homeric Troy with archaeological Troy VII.^ EXT. STREETS OF TROY - NIGHT 185 Odysseus battles his way down the street, leading the Greeks against a contingent of half-armored Trojans.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

[4]
.In the Iliad, the Achaeans set up their camp near the mouth of the river Scamander (presumably modern Karamenderes), where they had beached their ships.^ They watch Achilles' ship approach the beach.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.The city of Troy itself stood on a hill, across the plain of Scamander, where the battles of the Trojan War took place.^ Major Native American resistance took place in the form of "Indian Wars," which were frequent up until the 1890s.
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^ The Spanish–American War was an armed military conflict between Spain and the United States that took place between April and August 1898, over the issues of the liberation of Cuba.
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^ EXT. CITY OF TROY - DUSK 74 In the dying light, the Trojans prepare their city for siege.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.The site of the ancient city is some 5 km from the coast today, but the ancient mouths of alleged Scamander, some 3,000 years ago, were about that distance inland,[5] pouring into a large bay which formed a natural harbour, but has since been filled with alluvial material.^ About 2,000 years ago it reached eastern America.
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^ Falling sea levels created the Bering land bridge that joined Siberia to Alaska , which began about 60,000 - 25,000 years ago.
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^ Agriculture in the southwest started around 4,000 years ago when traders brought cultigens from Mexico.
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Recent geological findings have permitted the reconstruction of how the original Trojan coastline would have looked, and the results largely confirm the accuracy of the Homeric geography of Troy.[6]
Besides the Iliad, there are references to Troy in the other major work attributed to Homer, the Odyssey, as well as in other ancient Greek literature. The Homeric legend of Troy was elaborated by the Roman poet Virgil in his Aeneid. The Greeks and Romans took for a fact the historicity of the Trojan War and the identity of Homeric Troy with the site in Anatolia. Alexander the Great, for example, visited the site in 334 BC and made sacrifices at tombs there associated with the Homeric heroes Achilles and Patroclus.
In November 2001, geologists John C. Kraft from the University of Delaware and John V. Luce from Trinity College, Dublin presented the results[7][8][9] of investigations, begun in 1977, into the geology of the region. .They compared the present geology with the landscapes and coastal features described in the Iliad and other classical sources, notably Strabo's Geographia, and concluded that there is a regular consistency between the location of Schliemann's Troy and other locations such as the Greek camp, the geological evidence, descriptions of the topography and accounts of the battle in the Iliad.^ Hector stares down at the dying boy, at the blood-soaked SEASHELL NECKLACE. For a moment they stare at each other, the victorious prince of Troy and the dying boy in the sand.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Further work by John Kraft and others was published in 2003.[10][11]
After the 1995 find of a Luwian biconvex seal at Troy VII, there has been a heated discussion over the language that was spoken in Homeric Troy. Frank Starke of the University of Tübingen recently demonstrated that the name of Priam is connected to the Luwian compound Priimuua, which means 'exceptionally courageous'.[12] "The certainty is growing that Wilusa/Troy belonged to the greater Luwian-speaking community", although it is not entirely clear whether Luwian was primarily the official language or in daily colloquial use.[13]

Archaeological Troy

Archeological plan of the Hisarlik citadel
Aegean civilization is a general term for the Bronze Age civilizations of Greece and the Aegean
The layers of ruins in the citadel at Hisarlik are numbered Troy I – Troy IX, with various subdivisions:
.
  • Troy I 3000–2600 BC (Western Anatolian EB 1)
  • Troy II 2600–2250 BC (Western Anatolian EB 2)
  • Troy III 2250–2100 BC (Western Anatolian EB 3 [early])
  • Troy IV 2100–1950 BC (Western Anatolian EB 3 [middle])
  • Troy V: 20th–18th centuries BC (Western Anatolian EB 3 [late])
  • Troy VI: 17th–15th centuries BC
  • Troy VIh: late Bronze Age, 14th century BC
  • Troy VIIa: ca.^ In the late 18th century, George Washington and Henry Knox conceived of the idea of "civilizing" Native Americans in preparation of American citizenship.
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    ^ Jim Thorpe , a Sauk and Fox Native American, was an all-round athlete playing football and baseball in the early 20th century.
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    ^ The Cherokee require documented genealogical descent from a Native American listed on the early 20th century Dawes Rolls .
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    1300–1190 BC, most likely setting for Homer's story[14]
  • Troy VIIb1: 12th century BC
  • Troy VIIb2: 11th century BC
  • Troy VIIb3: until ca. 950 BC
  • Troy VIII: around 700 BC
  • Troy IX: Hellenistic Ilium, 1st century BC
The archaeological site of Troy was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998.

Troy I–V

.The first city on the site was founded in the 3rd millennium BC. During the Bronze Age, the site seems to have been a flourishing mercantile city, since its location allowed for complete control of the Dardanelles, through which every merchant ship from the Aegean Sea heading for the Black Sea had to pass.^ Every time his bronze sword flashes through the air another Trojan falls, and Achilles keeps sweeping through them, his face painted with Trojan blood.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Screams begin to echo down the alleyways, first just a few, then more and more, until it seems the entire city is screaming.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Around 1900 BC a mass migration was set off by the Hittites to the east. .Cities to east of Troy were destroyed and although Troy was not burned, the next period shows a change of culture indicating a new people had taken over Troy.^ Military expeditions on each side destroyed villages and food supplies to reduce the ability of people to fight, as in frequent raids in the Mohawk Valley and western New York.
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^ EXT. MAIN SQUARE OF TROY - NIGHT 183 Agamemnon stands in the very center of Troy, head tilted back, watching with delight as the beautiful city burns.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The period marks a significant change in the cultural history of the area.
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[15]

Troy VI

Troy VI was destroyed around 1300 BC, probably by an earthquake. Only a single arrowhead was found in this layer, and no remains of bodies.

Troy VII

.Troy VII, which has been dated to the mid- to late-13th century BC, is the most often-cited candidate for the Troy of Homer.^ After the American Civil War and Indian wars in the late 19th century, Native American boarding schools were established, which were often run primarily by or affiliated with Christian missionaries.
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It appears to have been destroyed by war.[16]

Troy IX

.
Silver tetradrachm from Troy during the Hellenistic period, 188–160 BC. Head of Athena in Attic helmet.
^ The culture thrived from 2200 BC - 700 BC , which is during the late Archaic period .
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Reverse female figure and owl with inscription: ΑΘΗΝΑΣ ΙΛΙΑΔΟΣ, ΚΛΕΩΝΟΣ ΙΛΙΟΥ, "Athénas Iliados, kleōnos Iliou".
.The last city on this site, Hellenistic Ilium, was founded by Romans during the reign of the emperor Augustus and was an important trading city until the establishment of Constantinople in the fourth century as the eastern capital of the Roman Empire.^ The dominance of the Native American slave trade lasted only until around 1730, and it was characterized by a series of devastating wars among the tribes.
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In Byzantine times the city declined gradually, and eventually disappeared.[citation needed]
Beneath part of the Roman city, the ruins of which cover a much larger area than the citadel excavated by Schliemann, recent excavations have found traces of an additional Bronze-Age settlement area (of lower status than the adjoining citadel) defended by a ditch.

Excavation campaigns

.With the rise of modern critical history, Troy and the Trojan War were consigned to the realms of legend.^ EXT. TROY - DAWN 33 The sun rises above Troy and the Trojan countryside.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

However, the true location of ancient Troy had from classical times remained the subject of interest and speculation, so when in 1822 the Scottish journalist Charles Maclaren reviewed the available material and published A dissertation on the topography of the plain of Troy he was able to identify with confidence the position of the acropolis of Augustus's New Ilium in north-western Anatolia. .In 1866 Frank Calvert, the brother of the United States' consular agent in the region, made extensive surveys and published in scholarly journals his identification of the hill of New Ilium (which was on farmland owned by his family) as the site of ancient Troy.^ The United States appointed agents, like Benjamin Hawkins , to live among the Native Americans and to teach them how to live like whites.
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^ A 1995 US Census Bureau survey found that more American Indians in the United States preferred American Indian to Native American .
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^ The United States was eager to expand, to develop farming and settlements in new areas, and to satisfy land hunger of settlers from New England and new immigrants.
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The hill, near the town of Çanakkale, was known to the Turks as Hisarlik.[17]

Schliemann

In 1868 the German self-taught archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann visited Calvert and secured permission to excavate Hisarlık. In the 1870s (in two campaigns, 1871–73 and 1878–9) he excavated the hill and discovered the ruins of a series of ancient cities dating from the Bronze Age to the Roman period. .Schliemann declared one of these cities—at first Troy I, later Troy II—to be the city of Troy, and this identification was widely accepted at that time.^ EXT. WALLS OF TROY - DAY 83 One thousand ARCHERS stand in various positions on the broad city walls, quivers of arrows by their sides.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Schliemann's finds at Hisarlik have become known as Priam's Treasure. They were acquired from him by the Berlin museums, but significant doubts about their authenticity persist.
The view from Hisarlık across the plain of Ilium to the Aegean Sea

Dörpfeld, Blegen

After Schliemann, the site was further excavated under the direction of Wilhelm Dörpfeld (1893-4) and later Carl Blegen (1932-8). These excavations have shown that there were at least nine cities built one on top of each other at this site.

Korfmann

In 1988 excavations were resumed by a team of the University of Tübingen and the University of Cincinnati under the direction of Professor Manfred Korfmann, with Professor Brian Rose overseeing Post-Bronze Age (Greek, Roman, Byzantine) excavation along the coast of the Aegean Sea at the Bay of Troy. Possible evidence of a battle was found in the form of arrowheads found in layers dated to the early 12th century BC. The question of Troy's status in the Bronze Age world has been the subject of a sometimes acerbic debate between Korfmann and the Tübingen historian Frank Kolb in 2001/2002.
.In August 2003 following a magnetic imaging survey of the fields below the fort, a deep ditch was located and excavated among the ruins of a later Greek and Roman city.^ EXT. BATTLEFIELD - CONTINUOUS 84 Below the walls, on the broad field that stretches down from the city gates, the TROJAN ARMY has amassed.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Remains found in the ditch were dated to the late Bronze Age, the alleged time of Homeric Troy. It is claimed by Korfmann that the ditch may have once marked the outer defences of a much larger city than had previously been suspected. .The latter city has been dated by his team to about 1250 BC, and it has been also suggested- based on recent archeologic evidence uncovered by Professor Manfred Krofmann's team- that this was indeed the Homeric city of Troy.^ The city of Troy teems with life, the CITIZENS going about their business.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Pernicka

In summer 2006 the excavations continued under the direction of Korfmann's colleague Ernst Pernicka, with a new digging permit.[18]

Hittite and Egyptian evidence

In the 1920s the Swiss scholar Emil Forrer claimed that placenames found in Hittite texts—Wilusa and Taruisa—should be identified with Ilium and Troia respectively. .He further noted that the name of Alaksandus, king of Wilusa, mentioned in one of the Hittite texts is quite similar to the name of Prince Alexandros or Paris, of Troy.^ While this reunion is going on, Paris embraces his father, PRIAM (70), king of Troy.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ACHILLES Why kill you, prince of Troy, with no one here to see you fall?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

An unnamed Hittite king wrote a letter to the king of the Ahhiyawa, treating him as an equal and implying that Miletus (Millawanda) was controlled by the Ahhiyawa, and also referring to an earlier "Wilusa episode" involving hostility on the part of the Ahhiyawa. This people has been identified with the Homeric Greeks (Achaeans). The Hittite king was long held to be Mursili II (ca 1321–1296), but since the 1980s his son Hattusili III (1265–1240) is commonly preferred, although Mursili's other son Muwatalli (ca. 1296–1272) is still considered a possibility.
The nation T-R-S is mentioned as one of the "Peoples of the Sea" in ancient Egyptian inscriptions.
An Egyptian inscription at Deir el-Medina records a victory of Ramesses III over Sea Peoples, including some named Tursha (spelled [twrš3] in Egyptian script). .These are probably the same as the earlier Teresh (found written as [trš.w]) of the Merneptah Stele, commemorating Merneptah’s victory in a Libyan campaign at about 1220 BC. Although this may be too early for the Trojan War, some scholars have connected the name to the city mentioned in Hittite records as Taruisas, or Troy.^ Dobyns combined the known mortality rates of these diseases among native people with reliable population records of the 19th century, to calculate the probable size of the original populations.
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^ CUT TO: 94F EXT. WALLS OF TROY - BELOW 94F GLAUCUS the Trojan general, sees that the princes have gained some distance from their pursuers.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The early American horse was game for the earliest humans and was hunted to extinction about 7,000 BC, just after the end of the last glacial period .
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[19]
These identifications were rejected by many scholars as being improbable or at least not provable. Trevor Bryce in 1998 championed them in his book The Kingdom of the Hittites, citing a recovered piece of the so-called Manapa-Tarhunda letter, which refers to the kingdom of Wilusa as beyond the land of the Seha (known in classical times as the Caicus) river, and near the land of Lazpa (Lesbos Island).
Recent evidence adds weight to the theory that Wilusa is identical to archaeological Troy. Hittite texts mention a water tunnel at Wilusa, and a water tunnel excavated by Korfmann, previously thought to be Roman, has been dated to around 2600 BC. The identifications of Wilusa with archaeological Troy and of the Achaeanss with the Ahhiyawa remain controversial, but gained enough popularity during the 1990s to be considered a majority opinion.

Trojan language and script

The language of the Trojans is unknown, although several Trojan names may be identified as Luwian. The status of the so-called Trojan script is still disputable.

Troy in later legend

.Such was the fame of the Epic Cycle in Roman and medieval times that it was built upon to provide a starting point for various founding myths of national origins.^ Canada's First Nations: A History of the Founding Peoples from the Earliest Times.
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.The progenitor of all of them is undoubtedly that promulgated by Virgil in the Aeneid, tracing the ancestry of the founders of Rome, more specifically the Julio-Claudian dynasty, to the Trojan prince Aeneas.^ Brandishing their spears and screaming their war cries, all of them vie for the glory of felling the Trojan princes.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.The heroes of Troy, both those noted in the epic texts or those purpose-invented, continued to perform the role of founder for the nations of Early Medieval Europe.^ EXT. WALLS OF TROY - CONTINUOUS 93 The citizens seem shocked that their prince and hero would flee before a Greek assailant.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

[20] Denys Hay noted the widespread adoption of Trojan forebears as an authentication of national status, in Europe: the Emergence of an Idea (Edinburgh 1957). .The Roman de Troie was common cultural ground for European governing classes,[21] for whom a Trojan pedigree was gloriously ancient, and it established the successor-kingdoms of which they were direct heirs as equals of the Romans.^ During the period when White and de Bry were working, when Europeans were first coming into contact with native Americans, Europeans were greatly interested in in native American cultures.
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A Trojan pedigree justified the occupation of parts of Rome's erstwhile territories (Huppert 1965).
The Franks filled the lacunae of their legendary origins with Trojan and pseudo-Trojan names; in Fredegar's seventh-century chronicle of Frankish history, Priam appears as the first king of the Franks.[22] The Trojan origin of Franks and France was such an established article of faith that in 1714 the learned Nicolas Fréret was Bastilled for showing through historical criticism that the Franks had been Germanic, a sore point counter to Valois and Bourbon propaganda.[23]
Similarly Geoffrey of Monmouth reworking earlier material such as Historia Brittonum traces the legendary Kings of the Britons to a supposed descendant of Aeneas called Brutus. Snorri Sturluson, in the Prologue to his Prose Edda, converts several half-remembered characters from Troy into characters from Norse mythology, and refers to them having made a journey across Europe towards Scandinavia, setting up kingdoms as they went.
A small minority of contemporary writers argue that Homeric Troy was not in Anatolia, but located elsewhere: England,[24] Croatia, and Scandinavia have been proposed. These theories have not been accepted by mainstream scholars.

Tourism

Today there is a Turkish town called Truva in the vicinity of the archaeological site, but this town has grown up recently to service the tourist trade. The archaeological site is officially called Troia by the Turkish government and appears as such on many maps.
.A large number of tourists visit the site each year, mostly coming from Istanbul by bus or by ferry via Çanakkale, the nearest major town about 50 km to the north-east.^ The indigenous peoples of North America can be classified as belonging to a number of large cultural areas: .
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The visitor sees a highly commercialised site, with a large wooden horse built as a playground for children, then shops and a museum. .The archaeological site itself is, as a recent writer said, "a ruin of a ruin,"[citation needed] because the site has been frequently excavated, and because Schliemann's archaeological methods were very destructive:[citation needed] in his conviction that the city of Priam would be found in the earliest layers, he demolished many interesting structures from later eras, including all of the house walls from Troy II.[citation needed] For many years, the site was also unguarded and was thoroughly looted.^ The beautiful city of Troy is a ruin.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ EXT. WALLS OF TROY - CONTINUOUS 146 Priam reacts as if he received the blow, clutching at his chest and reeling backward.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ EXT. WALLS OF TROY - CONTINUOUS 93 The citizens seem shocked that their prince and hero would flee before a Greek assailant.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed]

Notes

  1. ^ Trōia is the preferred Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term: Lewis, Charlton T.; Charles Short. "Ilium". A Latin Dictionary. Tufts University: The Perseus Digital Library. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?layout.reflang=la;layout.refdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059;layout.reflookup=Ilium;layout.refcit=;doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2321459. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  2. ^ Wood, Michael (1985). In Search of the Trojan War. London: British Broadcasting Corporation. pp. 54–55. ISBN 9780563201618. 
  3. ^ Aşkin, Mustafa (1981). Troy (2005 rev ed.). Istanbul: Keskin. p. 34. ISBN 975-7559-37-7. 
  4. ^ Wood (1985:16)
  5. ^ Strabo, Geography XIII, I, 36, tr. H. L. Jones, Loeb Classical Library; Pliny, Natural History, V.33, tr. H. Rackham, W. S. Jones and D. E. Eichholz, Loeb Classical Library.
  6. ^ Geologists investigate Trojan battlefield, 7 February 2003, BBC NEWS
  7. ^ Confex.
  8. ^ Nature.
  9. ^ Iliad, Discovery.
  10. ^ Harbor areas at ancient Troy: Sedimentology and geomorphology complement Homer's Iliad, Geoscience World (abstract)
  11. ^ Press Release: Geology corresponds with Homer’s description of ancient Troy University of Delaware
  12. ^ Starke, Frank. "Troia im Kontext des historisch-politischen und sprachlichen Umfeldes Kleinasiens im 2. Jahrtausend". // Studia Troica, 1997, 7, 447-87.
  13. ^ Latacz, Joachim (2004). Troy and Homer: Towards a Solution of an Old Mystery, page 116. Oxford. ISBN 9601615571. 
  14. ^ Troy VII and the Historicity of the Trojan War, Dartmouth College (2000)- accessed 2007-03-17
  15. ^ Mellaart, James (January 1958). "The end of the early Bronze Age in Anatolia and the Aegean". American Journal of Archaeology 62 (1): 3. 
  16. ^ http://projectsx.dartmouth.edu/history/bronze_age/lessons/les/27.html Troy VII and the Historicity of the Trojan War
  17. ^ Wood (1985: 42—44)
  18. ^ Universität Tübingen setzt Ausgrabungen in Troia fort.
  19. ^ Carter-Morris, p. 34–35.
  20. ^ George Huppert, "The Trojan Franks and their Critics" Studies in the Renaissance 12 (1965), pp. 227-241.
  21. ^ A. Joly first traced the career of the Roman de Troie in Benoit de Sainte-More et le Roman de Troie (Paris 1871).
  22. ^ Exinde origo Francorum fuit. Priamo primo rege habuerant,
  23. ^ Larousse du XIXe siècle sub "Fréret", noted by Huppert 1965.
  24. ^ Iman Wilkens, Where Troy Once Stood, (Groningen 2005), p. 68.

References and further reading

  • Carter, Jane Burr; Morris, Sarah P. The Ages of Homer. .University of Texas Press, 1995. ISBN 0292712081.
  • Easton, D.F.; Hawkins, J.D.; Sherratt, A.G.; Sherratt, E.S. "Troy in Recent Perspective", Anatolian Studies, Issue 52. (2002), pp. 75–109.
  • Latacz, Joachim (2004), Troy and Homer: towards a solution of an old mystery, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0199263086 
  • Fantasies of Troy: Classical Tales and the Social Imaginary in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, edited by Alan Shepard and Stephen D. Powell.^ University of Texas Press .
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Original source]
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1997.
    • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Original source]
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: Original source]

    Toronto: Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, 2004.
  • Ilios. The city and country of the Trojans: the results of researches and discoveries on the site of Troy and through the Troad in the years 1871-72-73-78-79; (searchable facsimile at the University of Georgia Libraries, requires dejavu-plugin)

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Troy (film) article)

From Wikiquote

.Troy is a 2004 epic film about the the assault on Troy by the united Greek forces during the Trojan War.^ The Trojan War wasn't just about the city of Troy but also the cities around Troy.
  • Troy DVD Review 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.rpgdreamer.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "I may be starting this film called Troy , which is about the Trojan War...

^ He fought on the side of the Greeks during the Trojan War.
  • Content Executive :: Online Courseware - Build up your future carrier through Logic!!! 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC www.contentexecutive.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Directed by Wolfgang Petersen.^ Directed by: Wolfgang Petersen.
  • Troy - HomeVideos.com 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.homevideos.com [Source type: General]

^ IMDB  |  AMAZON  |  Directed by: Wolfgang Petersen .
  • Troy Poster - Internet Movie Poster Awards Gallery 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.impawards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Directed By: Wolfgang Petersen Starring: Brad Pitt , Eric Bana , Orlando Bloom Overview Cast Comments (0) MovieMine Get Alerts for Troy .
  • Troy (2004) Movie Trailer, Reviews, Photos, Clips, Movie Times 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.reelzchannel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Written by David Benioff.
For Honor.taglines

Contents

Achilles

  • [to his soldiers] Myrmidons! My brothers of the sword! .I would rather fight beside you than any army of thousands!^ I'd rather fight beside you than any army of thousands.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The purchase of these tickets should take place sooner rather than later so you’ll have great games to look forward to!
    • Troy Trojans Tickets - Troy Tickets at Troy, AL at StubHub! 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.stubhub.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You're a far better king than the one leading this army.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Let no man forget how menacing we are!^ Let no man forget how menacing we are.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    We are lions! .Do you know what's there, waiting beyond that beach?^ Do you know what's there, waiting, beyond that beach?
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (In fact, those close to me know there's a full pass on Christmas, Valentine's, Anniversary -- all that stuff -- if you remember my birthday.

    ^ Learn all there is to know about all the new cars you’re interested in buying.
    • Troy Gas Prices - Find the Lowest Gas Prices in Troy, Ohio 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.daytongasprices.com [Source type: General]

    Immortality! Take it! .It's yours!
  • [to Briseis] I'll tell you a secret, something they don't teach you in your temple.^ Something they don't teach you in your temple.
    • Troy - Movie Reviews, Photos & Videos, Layouts & Wallpapers, Fan Club 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.flixster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You must be able to challenge your cooking skills and understand why people eat what they do.

    ^ ''Oh, man, I don't even want to tell you,'' says Pitt of the blow that postponed his climactic battle with Bana for months.
    • Troy | Troy | Movie Preview | Movies | Entertainment Weekly 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.ew.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Gods envy us.^ The gods envy us.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Gods envy us.
    • Troy - Movie Reviews, Photos & Videos, Layouts & Wallpapers, Fan Club 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.flixster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ What did he mean by saying that the gods envy us because we are mortal?
    • Troy - Movie Mom 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC blog.beliefnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .They envy us because we're mortal, because any moment might be our last.^ They envy us because we're mortal.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They envy us because we're mortal, because any moment might be our last.
    • Troy - Movie Reviews, Photos & Videos, Layouts & Wallpapers, Fan Club 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.flixster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Because any moment might be our last.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Everything is more beautiful because we're doomed.^ Everything's more beautiful because we're doomed.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    .You will never be lovelier than you are now, and we will never be here again.
  • At night I see their faces: all the men I've killed.^ Now you've taken mine.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I've killed men, and I've heard them dying.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At night, I see their faces, all the men I've killed.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    .They're standing there on the far bank of the river Styx, waiting for me.^ They're standing there on the far bank of the River Styx.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They're waiting for you.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They're waiting for me.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    They say "Welcome, brother."

Agamemnon

  • Peace is for the women, and the weak. Empires are forged by war.

Odysseus

.
  • Men are haunted by the vastness of eternity.^ Men are haunted by the vastness of eternity.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Odysseus : [ voiceover ] Men are haunted by the vastness of eternity.
    • Troy (2004) 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.imdb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    And so we ask ourselves: will our actions echo across the centuries? Will strangers hear our names long after we are gone and wonder who we were, how bravely we fought, how fiercely we loved?

Priam

  • .I've fought many wars in my time.^ I've fought many wars in my time.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ PRIAM I've fought many wars in my time.
    • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MENELAUS All my life I've stood by your side, fought your enemies.
    • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Some I've fought for land, some for power, some for glory.^ Some for power, some for glory, some for honor - and some for love.

    ^ Some I've fought for land, some for power, some for glory.
    • Troy - Movie Reviews, Photos & Videos, Layouts & Wallpapers, Fan Club 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.flixster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Some for power, some for glory, some for honor--and some for love.
    • Troy (2004) - Reviews, Movie Trailers, Cast & Crew. Movies at Film.com 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.film.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    But I suppose fighting for love makes the most sense of all.

Thetis

  • [to Achilles] If you stay in Larissa, you will find peace. .You will find a wonderful woman, and you will have sons and daughters, who will have children.^ You will find a wonderful woman.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You will have sons and daughters, and they will have children.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You, the mothers, who sent their sons from far away countries, wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace.
    • Turkish Odyssey/Places ofInterest/Marmara/Istanbul-Troy-Assos Destination 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.turkishodyssey.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .And they'll all love you and remember your name.^ The world will remember your name.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They'll kill you.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You'll have your city.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    .But when your children are dead, and their children after them, your name will be lost.^ But when your children are dead and their children after them...
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Parents, please check the Lost and Found page and encourage your children to visit the Lost and Found across from the Cafeteria.

    ^ Why we ask for this We never display your children's names, (or nicknames) to anyone, but you.

    .If you go to Troy, glory will be yours.^ And if you sign-up with your cellphone we are going to do drink and ticket giveaways for people who can win text messaged games.
    • Medium Troy | 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.mediumtroy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Sportsnet are also running a competition for Troy : "Warner Bros., Inside Entertainment Magazine, and Rogers Sportsnet is giving you a chance to win a chariot of your very own.

    ^ Troy Floral can help you send the perfect gift to show your loved ones how much you care.
    • Troy Florists - Troy MI Flowers Delivery - Troy Floral 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.troyflorist.com [Source type: General]

    .They will write stories about your victories for thousands of years and the world will honor your name.^ The world will remember your name.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They will write stories about your victories for thousands of years.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Every student knows of the story of Troy, the tale told by Homer in the Iliad thousands of years ago.

    .But if you go to Troy, you will never come back, for your glory walks hand-in-hand with your doom.^ If you come, we'll never be safe.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For your glory walks hand in hand with your doom.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Go back to your ships and go home.
    • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

    And I shall never see you again.

Dialogue

Messenger Boy: Are the stories true? .They say your mother was an immortal godess.^ They say your mother is an immortal goddess.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They won't say which way to go, Just trust your heart.
  • Scream - Troy | Listen music - Demo Music 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC music.yeucahat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They say you can't be killed.^ They'll kill you.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They say you can't be killed.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [Gabriella] They say that you should follow [Troy] and chase down what you dream, [Gabriella] but if you get lost and lose yourself [Troy] what does is really mean?
  • Everyday - Troy - Gabriella | Listen music - Demo Music 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC music.yeucahat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Achilles: I wouldn't be bothering with the shield then, would I?
.Messenger Boy: The Thesselonian you're fighting...^ "Now you know who you're fighting."
  • Troy [Archive] - AppleInsider 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hut of Wanton Nudity, Some Village BOY: OMG Achilles you're late you gotta get up Achilles OMG! ACHILLES: Dude, I just nailed twins.
  • Occupation: Girl - Troy in Fifteen Minutes 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.livejournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some Female Hair Loss Treatments - Fight Your Hair Loss in the Right Way By: John Farikani - When you're a female and you suffer from hair loss, you want to know what some female hair loss treatments are available.
  • EzineArticles Submission - Submit Your Best Quality Original Articles For Massive Exposure, Ezine Publishers Get 25 Free Article Reprints 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: General]

he's the biggest man i've ever seen. I wouldn't want to fight him.
.Achilles: That's why no one will remember your name.^ The world will remember your name.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That's why no one will remember your name.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ZUBi I found it interesting that mister Pitt will take the role of Achilles, the invulnerable half-god whose only weak spot was his heel (can't remember which one).
  • new movie: TROY - Movie-List Forum 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.movie-list.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


.Agamemnon: A great victory was won today, but that victory was not yours.^ A great victory was won today.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Apparently, you won some great victory.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You have won a great victory, my king of kings.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Kings did not kneel to Achilles.^ Kings did not kneel to Achilles.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kings did not pay homage to Achilles.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Up Next Troy - Kings Did Not Kneel To Achilles .
  • Troy - Theatrical Trailer | SPIKE 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.Kings did not pay homage to Achilles.^ Kings did not pay homage to Achilles.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kings did not kneel to Achilles.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Up Next Troy - Kings Did Not Kneel To Achilles .
  • Troy - Theatrical Trailer | SPIKE 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

Achilles: Perhaps the kings were too far behind to see. .The soldiers won the battle.^ ACHILLES The battle was won by soldiers.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Soldiers won the battle.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Agamemnon: History remembers kings, not soldiers!^ History remembers kings!
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Troy is one of the most famous cities in the history, remembering us Hector , Achilles and Achaean Greeks, the sake of Helen , Paris , Agamemnon and Priam .

.Tomorrow we'll batter down the gates of Troy and I will build monuments for victory on every island of Greece.^ Tomorrow, we'll batter down the gates of Troy.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'll build monuments on every island of Greece.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Troy City Hall Monument Square (next to the RiverSpark Visitor's Center at 251 River St. Enter the building (right) and go to the 2nd floor.
  • RPInfo: What is Troy All About? 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC rpinfo.rpi.edu [Source type: General]

.I'll carve "Agamemnon" in the stone!^ I'll carve "Agamemnon" in the stone.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

Achilles: Be careful, King of Kings. .First you need the victory.^ First Know the Cause of the Hair Loss Problem By: John Farikani - A female hair loss treatment you can use will need to be found after you know the cause of the problem.
  • EzineArticles Submission - Submit Your Best Quality Original Articles For Massive Exposure, Ezine Publishers Get 25 Free Article Reprints 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: General]


.Hector: Oh, and that sounds heroic to you, doesn't it ?^ Oh, and that sounds heroic to you, doesn't it?
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

To die fighting? .Tell me little brother, have you ever killed a man?^ Little brother, have you ever killed a man?
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PARIS: You mean like the old guy you were married to that my brother killed today?
  • Occupation: Girl - Troy in Fifteen Minutes 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.livejournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ACHILLES: I KILL YOU ALL! HECTOR: I KILL YOU FIRST! ACHILLES: *dies* MYRMIDONS: Man, that’s weird.
  • Occupation: Girl - Troy in Fifteen Minutes 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.livejournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Paris: No.
.Hector: Ever seen a man die in combat?^ HECTOR Have you ever even seen a man die in combat?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ HECTOR The man who killed Tecton outside Apollo's temple -- I've never seen a spear thrown like that.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Paris: No.
.Hector: I've killed men, and I've heard them dying, and I've watched them dying, and there's nothing glorious about it, nothing poetic!^ In one of the many laughable lines, one of Achilles's men asks his master why he let Hector go without killing him.

^ HECTOR: Does it not even bother you that you're killing hundreds of men with wives and families?
  • Occupation: Girl - Troy in Fifteen Minutes 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.livejournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HECTOR: Have you ever thought about killing anyone?
  • Occupation: Girl - Troy in Fifteen Minutes 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.livejournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.You say you want to die for love, but you know nothing about dying and you know nothing about love!^ You think you know something about love.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You know nothing about dying.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I want her to watch you die.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Paris: All the same, I go with her.^ All the same, I go with her.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.I won't ask you to fight my war.^ The gods won't fight this war for us.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I won't ask you to fight my war.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They won't fight for you.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hector: You already have.^ HECTOR You already have.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]


.Agamemnon: I see you're not hiding behind your high walls.^ I see you're not hiding behind your high walls.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AGAMEMNON I see you're not hiding behind your high walls.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many people strive to get high PageRanks because it’s a good selling point for advertisers, and you can market your blog to a broader audience.
  • Jake Rocheleau Blog / A Web Designer's Blog 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC blog.jakerocheleau.com [Source type: General]

Valiant of you. .Ill-advised, but valiant.^ Ill-advised, but valiant.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ill- advised, but valiant.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hector: You come here uninvited.^ You come here uninvited.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why did you come here?
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ HECTOR You come here uninvited.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Go back to your ships and go home.^ Go back to your ships.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Go back to your ships and go home.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Agamemnon: We've come too far, Prince Hector.^ AGAMEMNON We've come too far, Prince Hector.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But they come to a stop by Hector, Prince of Troy.
  • Download full Troy movie. DVD, DivX, PDA and iPod versions available. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.movie2b.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Troy - Free TV, Movie and Video Forums 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.free-tvonpc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MENELAUS Hector, Paris, young princes, come, stand, drink with me.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Menelaus: Prince? What prince? .What son of a king would accept a man's hospitality, eat his food, drink his wine, embrace him in friendship, and then steal his wife in the middle of the night?^ What son of a king would accept a man's hospitality, eat his food, drink his wine, and then steal his wife in the middle of the night?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What son of a king would accept a man's hospitality...
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King Priam of Troy greatly grieved the loss of his bravest son, and feared that the city would soon be defeated.
  • Troy | Free Audio Story 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC storynory.com [Source type: General]

.Paris: The sun was shining when your wife left you.^ You left your home for me.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The sun was shining when your wife left you.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PARIS The sun was shining when your wife left you.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Menelaus: She's up there, watching, isn't she?^ MENELAUS She's up there watching, isn't she?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Good. .I want her to watch you die.^ I want her to watch you die.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You say you want to die for love.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You think you want to die for love, but you know nothing about dying.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Agamemnon: Not yet, brother.^ AGAMEMNON Not yet, brother.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Look around you, Hector.^ Look around you, Hector.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You look back and see Hector.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AGAMEMNON Look around you, Hector.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.I brought all the warriors of Greece to your shores.^ I've brought all the warriors of Greece to your shores.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nestor: You can still save Troy, young prince.^ CONTINUED: 89 NESTOR You can still save Troy, young prince.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You can still save Troy, young prince.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ NESTOR You can save hundreds of them.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Agamemnon: I have two wishes.^ AGAMEMNON I have two wishes.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.If you grant them, no more of your people need die.^ If you grant them, no more of your people need to die.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you grant them, no more of your people need die.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Recipes For Japanese Food - Free Inside By: You Lin - Nowadays, more and more people are getting interested with Japanese food.
  • EzineArticles Submission - Submit Your Best Quality Original Articles For Massive Exposure, Ezine Publishers Get 25 Free Article Reprints 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC ezinearticles.com [Source type: General]

.First, you must give Helen back to my brother.^ And my brother needs you tonight.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You're my brother, and I love you.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It were better that you had not been born, my brother.” .
  • Troy | Free Audio Story 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC storynory.com [Source type: General]

.Second, Troy must submit to my command, to fight for me whenever I call.^ But Thessaly falls under my command, to fight with me whenever I call.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Second, Troy must submit to my command, to fight for me whenever I call.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hector: You want me to look upon your army and tremble?^ AGAMEMNON Look around you, Hector.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Look around you, Hector.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ HECTOR You want me to look upon your army and tremble.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Well I see them. .I see 50,000 men brought here to fight for one man's greed.^ I see fifty thousand men brought here to fight for one man's greed.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ACHILLES Why kill you, prince of Troy, with no one here to see you fall?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At Appomattox, Lee is said to have remarked to Parker, "I am glad to see one real American here," to which Parker replied, "We are all Americans."
  • Mixed Martials Arts | Subfighter Mixed Martial Arts Social Network 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC www.subfighter.com [Source type: Original source]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 17 September 2009 2:11 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: Original source]

.Agamemnon: Careful boy, my mercy has limits.^ My mercy has limits.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AGAMEMNON Be careful, boy.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hector: And I've seen the limits of your mercy and I tell you now, no son of Troy will ever submit to a foreign ruler.^ HECTOR What have you done now?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You're a princess of Troy now...
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And I've seen the limits of your mercy.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Agamemnon: Then every son of Troy shall die.^ AGAMEMNON Then every son of Troy shall die.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then every son of Troy shall die.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]


.Hector: I've seen this moment in my dreams.^ HECTOR I've seen this moment in my dreams.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In travelling with my friend Dave I’ve seen a vegetarian give in and start eating meat.

^ HECTOR The man who killed Tecton outside Apollo's temple -- I've never seen a spear thrown like that.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.I'll make a pact with you.^ HECTOR I'll make a pact with you, with the gods as our witnesses.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I'll make a pact with you.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I know you'll make me proud.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.With the gods as our witnesses, let us pledge that the winner will allow the loser all the proper funeral rituals.^ Let us pledge that the winner will allow the loser all the proper funeral rituals.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After dragging Hector's body seven times around the walls of Troy behind his chariot, Achilles was persuaded to allow the slain Trojan hero a proper funeral.
  • Turkish Odyssey/Places ofInterest/Marmara/Istanbul-Troy-Assos Destination 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.turkishodyssey.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HECTOR I'll make a pact with you, with the gods as our witnesses.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Achilles: There are no pacts between lions and men.^ Achilles' "There are no pacts between lions and men."
  • Occupation: Girl - Troy in Fifteen Minutes 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.livejournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ACHILLES There are no pacts between lions and men.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The mention of Willow earlier was no accident; there are countless similarities between Willow and Troy , but Troy exists without the personality of the former.
  • Filmtracks: Troy (Gabriel Yared/James Horner) 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.filmtracks.com [Source type: General]

.[stabs spear into ground, and takes off helmet, throwing it to the side] Now you know who you're fighting.^ "Now you know who you're fighting."
  • Troy [Archive] - AppleInsider 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC forums.appleinsider.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You're taking them home.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They're all fighting for me, now.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hector: [takes off helmet and throws it aside] I thought it was you I was fighting yesterday.^ I thought it was you I was fighting yesterday.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ACHILLES: FUCK. YOU. Hector and Achilles fight.
  • Occupation: Girl - Troy in Fifteen Minutes 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.livejournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He takes off Achilles’ helmet.
  • Occupation: Girl - Troy in Fifteen Minutes 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.livejournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.And I wish it had been, but I gave the dead boy the honor he deserved.^ But I gave the dead boy the honor he -- (CONTINUED) 129.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But I gave the dead boy the honor he deserved.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.Achilles: You gave him the honor of your sword.^ You gave him the honor of your sword.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You have your swords.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You think of your sword and his sword and nothing else.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.You won't have eyes tonight; you won't have ears or a tongue.^ You won't have eyes tonight.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You won't have ears, or a tongue.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You won't have ears or a tongue.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

.You will wander the underworld blind, deaf, and dumb, and all the dead will know: This is Hector.^ HECTOR Do you know what you've done?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ HECTOR You know Menelaus.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You'll wander the underworld, blind, deaf, and dumb.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.The fool who thought he killed Achilles.^ And all the dead will know: this is Hector, the fool who thought he killed Achilles.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ACHILLES And Aries, God of War, who blankets his bed with the skins of men he's killed?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]


.Achilles: I told you how to fight, but I never told you why to fight.^ ACHILLES Do you fight for me, Eudorus?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You taught me how to fight.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ACHILLES I should never have struck you.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

Patroclus: I fight for you.
.Achilles: Who will you fight for when I'm gone?^ Who will you fight for when I'm gone?
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ACHILLES Who are you?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ACHILLES Do you fight for me, Eudorus?
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Soldiers fight for kings they've never even met.^ ACHILLES Most soldiers battle for kings they've never met.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Soldiers, they fight for kings they've never even met.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They'll never believe we've left -- and even if they do, they'll burn Troy for spite.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.They do what they're told to do.^ They do what they're told, die when they're told to.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

They die when they're told to die.
.Patroclus: Soldiers obey.^ PATROCLUS Soldiers obey.
  • Troy Script at IMSDb. 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.imsdb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Achilles: Don't waste your life following some fool's orders.^ Don't waste your life following some fool's orders.
  • Troy Script - transcript from the screenplay and/or Brad Pitt movie 20 September 2009 0:44 UTC www.script-o-rama.com [Source type: Original source]

^ War is young men dying and old men talking,” he says later on, and, “Don’t waste your life following some fool’s orders.” Why all of this anti-war talk?
  • Troy (2004) - A Hollywood Jesus Movie Review 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.hollywoodjesus.com [Source type: General]

^ We suggest that you take some of the following actions which may help to clean your computer and which could prevent future installations of Malware.
  • Troy - Theatrical Trailer | SPIKE 18 January 2010 10:010 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

Taglines

  • For Honor
  • For Victory
  • For Love
  • For Destiny
  • For Passion
  • For Troy

Cast

External links

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article about:

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

There's more than one place called Troy:

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This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also troy

Contents

English

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:
Singular
Troy
Plural
-
Troy
  1. An ancient city in what is now Turkey.
  2. A surname derived from Troyes in France.
  3. A male given name, originally transferred from the surname, but today associated with the classical city.

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams


Simple English

wrote about, is called Troy VII today.]]
File:Homeric
Map of Homeric Greece.

Troy [1][2] is the legendary city and center of the Trojan War, as told in the Epic Cycle as well as the Iliad, one of the two epic poems thought to be written by Homer.

Today it is the name of an archaeological site, the location of Homeric Troy,[3] in Hisarlik in Anatolia, close to the seacoast in what is now Çanakkale province in northwest Turkey, southwest of the Dardanelles.

Troy was a powerful kingdom in the Mediterranean sea, and thrived under the long rule of King Priam. His many sons, including the valiant, strong, unbeatable Hektor, and Paris, a creative character who was not a strong fighter but a passionate man, are the best known in the Troy myth.

In Greece lay a Kingdom called Mycene, owned by Mycenaean or Mykene people, ruled by King Agamemnon. He started a campaign to pressure the Greece cities or kingdoms and to join him and attack Troy, to capture its many riches. The King of Ithaca, Odysseus (or Ulysses as he was also known), along with King Idomenous of Crete, with up to 22 more Kingdoms and Kings, spent ten years attacking Troy. Eventually, Troy fell after a coup that Odysseus had thought up, using a wooden trojan horse to hide soldiers within in order to get soldiers behind the Trojan line of defence.

Before the fall of Troy, during the dawn of the War, King Priam sought to create an alliance with the strong Kingdom of Sparta in Northern Greece, to defend Troy when the war had begun. King Aeneas, or Helikaon as he was said to be known, King of Dardanos, was a good friend of Hektor and King Priam, and sided with the Trojans in the war. Unfortunately, on the journey back, after Hektor and Paris had forged an alliance in Sparta, Paris had taken the daughter of the King of Sparta, Princess Helen, without his consent, as they had fallen deeply in love. This had caused the alliance to be terminated, and Sparta eventually joined the fighting cause of King Agammenon.

References

  1. Greek: Τροία, Troia, also Ίλιον, Ilion; Latin: Trōia, Īlium. Trōia is the preferred Latin name for the city. Ilium is a more poetic term. Hittite: Wilusa or Truwisa; Turkish: Truva.
  2. Lewis, Charlton T.; Charles Short. "Ilium". A Latin Dictionary. Tufts University: The Perseus Digital Library. http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?layout.reflang=la;layout.refdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059;layout.reflookup=Ilium;layout.refcit=;doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2321459. Retrieved 2008. 
  3. Turkish Truva

Other websites


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 25, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Troy, which are similar to those in the above article.








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