Troy, Michigan: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Troy, Michigan
—  City  —
Motto: The City of Tomorrow, Today
Location in the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°34′49″N 83°8′35″W / 42.58028°N 83.14306°W / 42.58028; -83.14306Coordinates: 42°34′49″N 83°8′35″W / 42.58028°N 83.14306°W / 42.58028; -83.14306
Country United States
State Michigan
County Oakland
Government
 - Type Council-Manager
 - Mayor Louise Schilling
 - City manager John Szerlag[1]
Area
 - City 33.6 sq mi (87.1 km2)
 - Land 33.5 sq mi (86.9 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 748 ft (228 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 80,959
 Density 2,413.9/sq mi (932.0/km2)
 Metro 5,456,428
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48007, 48083, 48084, 48085, 48098, 48099
Area code(s) 248
FIPS code 26-80700[2]
GNIS feature ID 1615125[3]
Website http://www.troymi.gov

Troy is a city in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is a suburb of Detroit. The population was 80,959 at the 2000 census, making it the 12th-largest city in Michigan by population, and the second-largest city in Oakland County after Farmington Hills. Troy has become a business and shopping destination in the Metro Detroit area, with numerous office centers and the upscale Somerset Collection mall.

Troy was recently ranked the 5th safest city in the nation, as well as the safest in Michigan. In 2008, Troy was ranked 22nd on a list of "Best Places to Live" in the United States [4] by CNN Money, using criteria including housing, quality of education, economic strength, and recreational opportunities. In 2008, Troy ranked as the fourth most affordable U.S. city with a median household income of $90,000.[5][6]

Contents

History

The first land purchases in what became Troy Township were recorded in 1819 in section 19. The first settlement, known as Troy Corners, originated two years later when Johnson Niles purchased 160 acres (65 ha) in what is now the north-central portion of the city. Four years later, Ira Smith built the first house at Big Beaver Corners, and the first public school opened at Troy Corners. Troy Township was organized on May 28, 1827. The City of Troy was incorporated in 1955, mainly as a way to prevent neighboring cities (Clawson, Royal Oak, and Birmingham) from incorporating any more of its land into their cities.

In 1966, I-75 was completed in Troy, which increased access to and from the city. This gave a major boost to Troy's economy, leading to the development of its civic center, school district, and recreation system.

The Troy Historical Museum is a free-to-the-public, town-square-like museum chronicling the different stages of Troy's progression from first inhabitation to the city it has become today. Located at the corners of Livernois Road and Wattles Road, the museum is located behind the old city hall building. Open year round, the museum has ten original, complete structures which patrons may enter and observe how they functioned in the past and how they were decorated, as all buildings are full of artifacts from that period. Each structure is original and was painstakingly moved from its original location to the museum intact. Starting with a log and mud structure used by the first settlers, there is also an 18th century schoolhouse and estate, a general store, a blacksmith's shop, a church along with the pastor's home, and the old city hall, which acts as a general museum. There is a gazebo in the center of the square which will host parties and period bands during annual festivities. Many schools from around the area plan field trips to the museum, and the church is also available for weddings. [1]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.6 square miles (87.1 km²)—33.5 square miles (86.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.30%) is water. The latitude of Troy is 42.605N, and the longitude is -83.15W. It is in the Eastern Standard time zone. The mean elevation is 748 feet.

Main highways

Interstate highways

  • I-75.svg I-75 cuts through the middle of Troy from the north-west corner bordering Bloomfield Township, and continuing southward towards the south-east border of the city entering Madison Heights. Exit numbers 65, 67, 69, and 72 directly service Troy.

Mile Roads

  • 14 Mile Road (Southern-most border with Madison Heights)
  • 15 Mile Road - Maple Road
  • 16 Mile Road - Big Beaver Road
  • 17 Mile Road - Wattles Road
  • 18 Mile Road - Long Lake Road
  • 19 Mile Road - Square Lake Road
  • 20 Mile Road - South Boulevard (Northern-most border with Rochester Hills)

Economy

Troy, a thriving center of business, particularly in the automotive and financial sectors, and is home to a number of major companies. Based on property value, Troy is the second largest city in Michigan, second only to Detroit. The Top of Troy is the city's tallest building (now renamed the National City Center). Troy is home to the upscale Somerset Collection mall, featuring a skywalk and over 180 stores, and the Oakland Mall.

In 2003, Troy was named Michigan's Sportstown by Sports Illustrated magazine for having the top community sports programs in the state.

In the summer of 2005, to commemorate the city's 50th anniversary, ceramic beaver statues, each standing four feet (1.2 m) high, were displayed at various locations in the city. The beaver is the symbol of Troy, and the city's main commercial thoroughfare (Big Beaver Road) is named for it.

Troy is also home to the Troy Sports Center, which is the official training facility of the Detroit Red Wings of the NHL. The facility is also used for indoor soccer and hockey leagues, and is home to the city's high school hockey teams.

Companies in Troy

^ Arbor Drugs was headquartered in Troy until it was acquired by CVS Corporation in 1998 for an estimated $1.48 billion, in the process making CVS the nation's largest chain-drug retailer.

^^ Frank's Nursery & Crafts was an arts and crafts chain spanning 14 states that was headquartered in Troy, even after being acquired by General Host Corporation in 1983. The company filed for bankruptcy in 2004, and became defunct soon after.

^^^Kmart was headquartered in Troy until it acquired Sears in 2005, establishing itself in the former Sears headquarters in Hoffman Estates, Illinois. Its massive headquarters still remains, though it is scheduled for demolition and the creation of a landscaped square with boulevards lined with upscale shops, restaurants, offices, a theater, and condominiums.[7].

Government

Troy uses the Council-Manager form of government, and thus is governed by a City Council consisting of a Mayor and six council members. The city council appoints a City Manager, who manages the day-to-day operations of the city.

The City of Troy and City of Clawson on its southern border compose Michigan's 41st District for State Representative. The district has been represented in the State House by Marty Knollenberg since 2007, and in the state Senate by John Pappageorge, also since 2007. On the national level, Troy is part of the 9th district, represented by Joe Knollenberg from 1993–2009 and now Gary Peters, who defeated Knollenberg in a highly-publicized race in November 2008.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 80,959 people, 30,018 households, and 21,883 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,413.9 people per square mile (932.0/km²). There were 30,872 housing units at an average density of 920.5 per square mile (355.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.30% White, 2.09% African American, 0.15% Native American, 13.25% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.82% from two or more races. 1.46% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race. Troy has the highest percentage of people of Asian descent of any city in Michigan.

There were 30,018 households out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 27.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $84,330, and the median income for a family was $101,271.[8] Males had a median income of $66,475 versus $41,026 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,936. About 1.7% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

By 2002 a growing Asian American population was in Troy.[9]

Education

Troy is home to International Academy of Design and Technology, Walsh College, a business oriented school, as well as branches for the University of Phoenix, Central Michigan University, Spring Arbor University, and ITT Technical Institute. Michigan State University also has its Management Education Center located off of I-75 near the intersection of Crooks Rd. and Square Lake Rd. (19 Mile).

Troy is well known for its exemplary schools both in Michigan as well as around the nation. The Troy School District has six national blue ribbon and 13 State Exemplary Schools. The schools have a 99% graduation rate, with 95% of those students going on to higher education and 2% going on to military service.[10] Both Troy High School and Athens High School were named to the list of The 1000 Most Outstanding High Schools in the United States by Newsweek magazine.

The Troy School District also sends 75 students per year to the International Academy, currently ranked 7th in the Newsweek rankings of the best public high schools in the United States. Troy has hosted the International Academy's eastern campus in the old Baker Middle School beginning with the 2008-2009 school year.

The public schools comprising the Troy School District are as follows:

Elementary

  • Costello
  • Hamilton
  • Hill
  • Bemis
  • Leonard
  • Martell
  • Morse
  • Barnard
  • Schroeder
  • Troy Union
  • Wass
  • Wattles

Middle

High

Oakland-Troy Airport

Oakland-Troy Airport (IATA: VLL, ICAO: KVLL), formerly (IATA: 7D2, ICAO: K7D2) is a small suburban general aviation airport operated by Oakland County and has a single 3,550 feet x 60 feet (1082 m x 18 m) paved runway.

The Oakland-Troy Airport is considered the County's 'executive' airport. Business travelers and tourists using private, corporate and charter aircraft benefit from the airport's convenient proximity to business, recreation and entertainment facilities.[11] It is located between Maple Road and 14 Mile Road.

Charter passenger, air freight, as well as aircraft maintenance and fuel, are available on the field.

Troy was also home to the Big Beaver Airport, (IATA: 3BB), which was located at the corners of Big Beaver Road and John R Road. It opened in 1946 and closed in 1995 due to declining use and pressure to sell the land for commercial development.[12]

Media

In addition to the Detroit News and Detroit Free Press, regional newspapers serving all of southeast Michigan, the city is served by the Daily Tribune[13](published daily), the Observer & Eccentric[14] (which is published twice a week), the Troy Beacon[2], the Troy Times[15], and the Troy-Somerset Gazette[3].

Notable current and former residents

References

External links


Simple English

Troy, Michigan is a city in Michigan, United States. It is a suburb of the larger city of Detroit, and has over 80,000 residents. Many companies have offices in the city. It is where the world headquarters for Kmart used to be.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message