The Full Wiki

Tuktoyaktuk: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

Advertisements

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tuktoyaktuk
Tuktuyaaqtuuq
formerly Port Brabant
—  Hamlet  —
Nickname(s): Tuk
Tuktoyaktuk (CanadaGeo)
Tuktoyaktuk
Tuktoyaktuk
Coordinates: 69°26′34″N 133°01′52″W / 69.44278°N 133.03111°W / 69.44278; -133.03111Coordinates: 69°26′34″N 133°01′52″W / 69.44278°N 133.03111°W / 69.44278; -133.03111
Country  Canada
Territory Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories
Region Inuvik Region
Electoral district Nunakput
Census division Inuvik Region, Northwest Territories
Incorporated 1 April 1970
Government
 - Mayor Mervin Gruben
 - MLA Jackie Jacobson
 - Senior Administrative Officer Debbie Raddi
 - Member of Parliament Dennis Bevington
 - Senator Nick Sibbeston
Area
 - Land 11.07 km2 (4.3 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (15 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 - Total 870
 - Density 78.6/km2 (203.6/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
Canadian Postal code X0E 1C0
Area code(s) 867
Telephone exchange 977
Website www.tuk.ca/
Sources:
Community Governance Data List[2],
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre[3],
Canada Flight Supplement[4]
Northwestel[5]

Tuktoyaktuk, or Tuktuyaaqtuuq (Inuvialuktun: it looks like a caribou),[3] is an Inuvialuit hamlet located in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. Commonly referred to simply by its first syllable, Tuk, the settlement lies north of the Arctic Circle on the shore of the Arctic Ocean. Formerly known as Port Brabant, the community was renamed in 1950 as part of Canada's new trend at that time, changing community names to those originally given by the Native inhabitants.

Contents

History

Tuktoyaktuk is the anglicized form of the native Inuvialuit place-name, meaning "resembling a caribou." According to legend, a woman looked on as some caribou, common at the site, waded into the water and turned into stone, or became petrified. Today, reefs resembling these petrified caribou are said to be visible at low tide along the shore of the town.[6]

No formal archaeological sites exist today, but the settlement has been used by the native Inuvialuit for centuries as a place to harvest caribou and beluga whales. In addition, Tuktoyaktuk's natural harbour was historically used as a means to transport supplies to other Inuvialuit settlements.

Between 1890 and 1910, a sizeable number of Tuktoyaktuk's native families were wiped out in flu epidemics brought in by American whalers. In subsequent years, the Alaskan Dene people, as well as residents of Herschel Island, settled here. By 1937, a Hudson's Bay Company trading post was established.

Radar domes were installed beginning in the 1950s as part of the Distant Early Warning Line, to monitor air traffic and detect possible Soviet intrusions during the Cold War. The settlement's location (and harbour) made "Tuk" important in resupplying the civilian contractors and Air Force personnel along the "DEW Line." In 1947, Tuktoyaktuk became the site of one of the first government "day schools" designed to integrate Inuit youth into mainstream Canadian culture.[7]

The community of Tuktoyaktuk eventually became a base for the oil and natural gas exploration of the Beaufort Sea. Large industrial buildings remain from the busy period following the 1973 OPEC oil embargo and 1979 summertime fuel shortage. This brought many more outsiders into the region.

On 3 September 1995, the Molson Brewing Company arranged for several popular rock bands to give a concert in Tuktoyaktuk as a publicity stunt promoting their new ice-brewed beer. During the months leading up to concert, radio stations across North America ran contests in which they gave away free tickets. Dubbed The Molson Ice Beach Party and Polar Beach Party, it featured Hole, Metallica, Moist and Veruca Salt. Canadian film-maker Albert Nerenberg made a documentary about this concert entitled Invasion of the Beer People.[8]

In 2008, Tuktoyaktuk was featured in the second season of the reality television series Ice Road Truckers. It also referenced in Due South as a place Fraser was stationed.

In 2009, an episode of Jesse James is a Dead Man titled "Arctic Bike Journey" featured James riding a custom motorcycle across 125 miles of ice road to deliver medicine to the locals of Tuktoyaktuk.

Geography

Pingos near Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories

Tuktoyaktuk is set on Kugmallit Bay, near the Mackenzie River Delta, and is located on the Arctic tree line.

Many locals still hunt, fish, and trap. Locals rely on caribou in the autumn, ducks and geese in both spring and autumn, and fishing year-round. Other activities include collecting driftwood, caribou herding, and berrypicking. Most wages today, however, come from tourism and transportation. Northern Transportation Company Limited (NTCL) is a major employer in this region. In addition, the oil and gas industry continues to employ explorers and other workers.

Tuktoyaktuk is the gateway for exploring Pingo National Landmark, an area protecting eight nearby pingos in a region which contains approximately 1,350 of these Arctic ice-dome hills. The landmark comprises an area roughly 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi), just a few miles west of the community, and includes Canada's highest (the world's second-highest) pingo, at 49 m (160 ft). It is managed by Parks Canada within the national park system, and, although a nationwide Landmarks program was envisioned, Pingo remains the country's only National Landmark.[9]

Demographics

As of the 2006 census, the Hamlet of Tuktoyaktuk has a population of 870, down 6.5% from the 2001 Census total of 930. There are 274 private dwellings, and a population density of 78.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (204 /sq mi). The average annual salary of a full-time worker is $45,598 Canadian. Tuktoyaktuk has a large Protestant following, with a sizeable Catholic population as well. Local languages are Inuvialuktun and English.[1][10]

Climate

Weather data for Tuktoyaktuk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 0.6
(33)
0.7
(33)
-0.5
(31)
4.8
(41)
20.9
(70)
28.2
(83)
29.4
(85)
27.6
(82)
20.4
(69)
11.7
(53)
2.2
(36)
0.8
(33)
29.4
(85)
Average high °C (°F) -23.4
(-10)
-22.6
(-9)
-21.8
(-7)
-12.2
(10)
-1.1
(30)
10.5
(51)
15.2
(59)
12.3
(54)
5.3
(42)
-5.6
(22)
-17.5
(1)
-21.8
(-7)
-6.9
(20)
Average low °C (°F) -30.8
(-23)
-30.8
(-23)
-29.7
(-21)
-21.2
(-6)
-8.4
(17)
1.5
(35)
6.8
(44)
5.5
(42)
0.3
(33)
-10.9
(12)
-24.5
(-12)
-29.1
(-20)
-14.3
(6)
Record low °C (°F) -48.9
(-56)
-46.6
(-52)
-45.5
(-50)
-42.8
(-45)
-28.9
(-20)
-8.9
(16)
-1.7
(29)
-2.5
(28)
-12.8
(9)
-28.5
(-19)
-40.1
(-40)
-46.7
(-52)
-48.9
(-56)
Precipitation mm (inches) 9.8
(0.39)
10.2
(0.4)
6.2
(0.24)
8.6
(0.34)
6.8
(0.27)
9.7
(0.38)
21.5
(0.85)
29.1
(1.15)
24.2
(0.95)
19.9
(0.78)
12.2
(0.48)
6.9
(0.27)
167.8
(6.61)
Source: Environment Canada March 2009[11]

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Statistics Canada. 2007. Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories (table). 2006 Community Profiles. 2006 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-591-XWE. Ottawa. Released March 13, 2007. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed September 9, 2008).
  2. ^ Community Governance Data List
  3. ^ a b Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre - official names
  4. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 7 May 2009 to 0901Z 2 July 2009
  5. ^ Northwestel 2008 phone directory
  6. ^ Tourist guide
  7. ^ Keith J. Crowe, A History of the Original Peoples of Northern Canada, Arctic Institute of North America, McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal and London - 1974. ISBN 0773502203
  8. ^ Website for Invasion of the Beer People
  9. ^ Parks Canada (2005). "Pingo National Landmark". http://www.pc.gc.ca/docs/v-g/pingo/index_e.asp. Retrieved 2008-01-05.  
  10. ^ Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Tuktoyaktuk profile
  11. ^ Canadian climate normals for 1971 to 2000, Environment Canada (2009). Retrieved on 2009-03-01.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Tuktoyaktuk (Tuktuyaaqtuuq, lit. "it looks like a caribou") [1], commonly known simply as Tuk, is an Inuit village on the Arctic Sea coast of the Northwest Territories, Canada.

Get in

By plane

Tuktoyaktuk Airport (IATA: YUB) is served by Aklak Air [2] two to three times a day from Inuvik, which in turn can be reached by Edmonton.

By road

A 100-mile ice road on the Mackenzie River connects Tuktoyaktuk to Inuvik in the winter only (Jan-Apr). For the rest of the year, flying is the only way in.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message