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Tu-204
A Red Wings Airlines Tu-204-100
Role Airliner
Manufacturer Tupolev
First flight 2 January 1989
Introduced December, 1994
Status In production
Primary users Red Wings Airlines
Vladivostok Avia
Aviastar-TU
Rossiya
Produced 1995 — present
Number built 71, with about 100 orders
Unit cost $35,000,000 (2007)

The Tupolev Tu-204 is a twin-engined medium range Russian airliner capable of carrying 212 passengers. First introduced in 1989, it is considered to be broadly equivalent to the Boeing 757. It was developed for Aeroflot as a replacement for the medium range Tupolev Tu-154 trijet.

Contents

Design and development

Tu-204 was designed as a modern family of aircraft incorporating passenger, cargo, combi and quick-change variants. It is characterized by its low operational costs, low noise levels, and low fuel consumption. The Tupolev Tu-204 can be powered by either Aviadvigatel PS-90 or Rolls Royce RB.211 engines. It is produced at two of the largest Russian aircraft manufacturing plants in Ulianovsk (Tu-204 series) and Kazan (Tu-214).

A Cubana Tu-204-100E, August 2007

The Tu-204 cabin is available in several layouts, including the baseline single-class layout seating for 210 passengers and a two- or three-class layout designed for 164-193 passengers. A cargo version of the Tu-204 is being successfully operated by several airlines in Europe and Egypt.

Both economy class and business class compartments are provided with passenger seats of improved design with 3+3 and 2+2 seating arrangements, respectively. The business class cabin has a seat pitch of 810 mm. The passenger cabin can be divided into compartments according to class with removable bulkheads and curtains. Compartments are illuminated by reflected light. Hidden lights located over and under the overhead bins create uniform and comfortable illumination. Overhead bins for passenger baggage and coats are of the closed type. The volume of baggage per passenger is 0.052 m³.

In 1994, the first certificate for Tu-204 aircraft (with PS-90A engines) was issued. Subsequently issued certificates have extended estimated operational conditions and improved overall aircraft type design. The Tu-204-120 variant, certified with Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4 engines, complies with noise regulations described in Chapter 3 of Supplement 16 to ICAO, hence meeting all current European and ICAO requirements. It is currently undergoing the certification process with JAA. Besides, the Tu-204-100 variant, certified with PS-90A engines, complies with noise regulations described in Chapter 4 of Supplement 16 to ICAO which means it's more quiet.

The aircraft was certified to Russian standards AP-25 (harmonized with FAR-25 and JAR-25).

Technology

The Tu-204 is part of a new generation of Russian aircraft, including other recent developments such as the Ilyushin Il-96. The Tu-204 features many technological innovations such as:

Variants

Countries with operations and orders for the Tu-204, as of October 2009

Tu-204/204C

The Tu-204 is the basic passenger airline model, and the Tu-204C is the basic freight or cargo model. The mostly used models are the -100C and the -120C.

Tu-204-100/200

This is the initial version, powered by Soloviev (now Aviadvigatel) PS90 turbofan with thrust of 157 kN (35,300 lbf). It uses Russian powerplants and avionics. It was certified in January, 1995. The Tu-204-200 is a heavier version with extra fuel for more range. Only one has been built by Aviastar-SP in Ulyanovsk but not yet delivered (RA64036). Now this version is only produced by KAPO in Kazan and marketed under the designation Tu-214. The Tu-204-100C and Tu-204-200C are the cargo versions of the -100 and -200 respectively, fitted with forward main deck freight door. Currently the Tu-204-100/200 is offered with the option of uprated Aviadvigatel PS90-A2 turbofan, which promises 40% longer period between overhauls.

The Tu-204-100 has a maximum take-off weight of 107.5 tonnes and range with 196 passenger in 2-class configuration is 6,000 km (3,300 nautical miles).

Tu-204-120/220/120C/220C

In order to broaden the product appeal, the Tu-204-120/220 features non-Russian avionics and engines. It is powered by 2 Rolls-Royce RB211-535 engines each with thrust of 192 kN (43,100 lbf). Cairo Aviation of Egypt became the launch operator when it took delivery of a Tu-204-120 and its cargo version the Tu-120C, in November 1998. The Tu-204-220 and Tu-220C, cargo version, is a higher gross weight variant of the basic Tu-204-120.

The Tu-204-120 has a maximum take-off weight of 103 metric tons and range with 196 passenger in 2-class configuration is 4,600 km (2,500 nautical miles).

Tu-204-300

It is a shortened, longer range and more efficient derivative of the Tu-204. It is about 6 meters (20 ft) shorter than the basic Tu-204. It is available in two versions; the longer ranged heavier version powered by Aviadvigatel PS90-A2 turbofan has a maximum take-off weight of 107.5 metric tons and range with 166 passengers increases to 9,300 km (5,000 nautical miles) and the lighter shorter ranged version with a maximum take-off weight of 89 metric tons and range with 166 passengers is 3,500 km (1,900 nautical miles). Russian airline Vladivostok Air is the launch customer. This airline's planes are at two-class seating of 142 passengers. It is also operated by Air Koryo which currently operates one tu-204-300 and has a further one on order with options to replace 5 Тu-154's and 4 Il-62M's, the Тu-204's operate Pyongyang- Beijing, Bangkok, Singapore, Vladivostok and Shenyang

Tu-204-500

This is a version of Tu-204-300 optimized for shorter routes, featuring smaller wings, increasing cruising speed to Mach 0.84, making it a competitor to Next Generation Boeing 737. It is ETOPS rated and fitted with Honeywell 331-200ER APU.

Tu-206

The planned experimental Tupolev Tu-206.

This variant is a company-funded testbed for alternative fuels, flying on liquefied natural gas [1]

Tu-214

Tu-214 is also a variation of Tu-204. It is technically a Tu-204-200, one of the differences being that it is built by a different factory. Planes designated Tu-204 are produced in Ulyanovsk by Aviastar-SP; Tu-214 in Kazan by the Kazan Aircraft Production Association (KAPO) [2][3]. Both factories are independent from the Tupolev design bureau and have some control over the design of the variant they produce.

The main difference is a full-size main door at the left side of the fuselage just before the wing. The Tu-204 has two main doors and 2 emergency doors; the Tu-214 has 3 doors and one emergency door.

In 2010 a total of 10 Tupolev Tu-214 aircraft are in airline service with a dozen on order. Tu-214 users are: Rossiya (5), Transaero (3) and Airstars (2). Transaero has an additional 7 orders for the aircraft.[4]

Operators

Total users are:

Airline Aircraft Type In Service On Order Stored
Egypt Cairo Aviation 3 x 204-120
2 x 204-120C
2 0 3
Russia Dalavia 214 0 0 2
Russia Airstars 214 2 0 1
People's Republic of China Air China Cargo 204-120CE 1 4 0
Russia Aviastar-TU Co. Ltd 204 5 2 1
Russia KMV 204-100 2 2 0
Russia KrasAir 214 0 0 1
Russia Rossiya (commercial) 204 0 0 2
Russia Rossiya (government) 214
2 x 204-300 (order)
5 5 0
Russia Ilyushin Finance Company 31 x 204 0 31 0
Russia Vladivostok Avia 204-300 6 0 0
Cuba Cubana 2 x 204-100CE
2 x 204-100E
4 0 0
North Korea Air Koryo x1 204-300[5] x1 204-100 (order) [6] 1 1 0
Russia Transaero 214 3 7 0
Iran Iran Air and Iran Air Tours[7] 204SM 0 35 0
Russia Red Wings 204-100 8 0 0
Russia Atlant-Soyuz 204SM 0 15 0
Brazil Clean Air 204-120CE 0 4 0
Ecuador Icaro 204-120CE 0 2 0
Russia Business Aero 204-300 1 0 0
Total 41 108 10

Specifications

204-100 204-120 214 204-300
Cockpit crew 3
Seating capacity 210 (1-class, standard)
175 (2-class, standard)
164 (1-class, standard)
142 (2-class, standard)
Seat pitch 32 in (1-class, standard)
39 & 32 in (2-class, standard)
32 in (1-class, standard)
41 & 32 in (2-class, standard)
Length 46.1 metres (151 ft 3 in) 40.0 metres (131 ft 3 in)
Wingspan 41.8 metres (137 ft 2 in)
Wing area 184.2 square metres (1,983 sq ft)
Height 13.9 metres (45 ft 7 in)
Fuselage width 3.8 metres (12 ft 6 in)
Fuselage height 4.1 metres (13 ft 5 in)
Cabin width 3.57 metres (11 ft 9 in)
Cabin height 2.16 metres (7 ft 1 in)
Maximum take-off weight 103,000 kilograms (230,000 lb) 110,750 kilograms (244,200 lb) 107,500 kilograms (237,000 lb)
Maximum landing weight 88,000 kilograms (190,000 lb) 93,000 kilograms (210,000 lb) 88,000 kilograms (190,000 lb)
Maximum payload 21,000 kilograms (46,000 lb) 25,200 kilograms (56,000 lb) 18,000 kilograms (40,000 lb)
Takeoff run at MTOW 2,250 metres (7,380 ft) 2,500 metres (8,200 ft)
Service ceiling 12,600 metres (41,300 ft) 12,100 metres (39,700 ft)
Cruising speed 810 km/h to 850 km/h (503 mph to 528 mph)
Maximum speed 900 km/h (560 mph)
Range fully loaded 4,300 kilometres (2,700 mi) 4,100 kilometres (2,500 mi) 4,340 kilometres (2,700 mi) 5,800 kilometres (3,600 mi)
Maximum fuel capacity 41,000 L (9,000 imp gal; 11,000 US gal) 44,600 L (9,800 imp gal; 11,800 US gal) 45,000 L (9,900 imp gal; 12,000 US gal)
Engine (x 2) Aviadvigatel PS-90A Rolls-Royce RB211-535E4 Aviadvigatel PS-90A
Max. thrust (x 2) 157 kN
16,000 Kgf; 35,274 lbf
186.3 kN
19,000 Kgf; 41,887 lbf
158.2 kN
16,140 Kgf; 35,582 lbf

Sources: United Aircraft Corporation,[8] Tupolev.[9]

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

References

External links








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