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Tura
Tura
Location of Tura
in Meghalaya and India
Coordinates 25°31′N 90°13′E / 25.52°N 90.22°E / 25.52; 90.22
Country  India
State Meghalaya
District(s) West Garo Hills
Population 58,391 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

349 m (1,145 ft)

Tura is a city and a municipality in West Garo Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. One of the largest towns in Meghalaya, Tura is a valley located at the foothills of the Tura Hills and right below the Tura Peak. The climate in Tura is moderate throughout the year and has a large number of interesting and unexplored areas. The native god Durama was believed to reside in the hills. The name Tura is said to be a corruption (by the British) of the god's name.

It is part of the Siwalik Hills ranges. It is 220 kilometres from the nearest city Guwahati and is also the district capital of the West Garo Hills district. It is filled with small rivulets and green valleys all around. The principal languages are Garo, Bengali, Hindi and English. The city has 4 colleges and a host of good secondary schools. The town has now added another feather to its cap through the opening of an MBA institute in Chandmari. In 1973, the town was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tura.

The capital city of Shillong is 303 kilometres away and can be accessed via buses or the shuttle helicopter service. The border of Bangladesh is situated at a proximity of 35 kilometres.

Tura is a cultural and administrative centre of the Garo tribes. To visit popular tourist destinations such as Balpakram, Nokrek and Siju cave, one needs to pass through this town.

Contents

Geography

Tura is located at 25°31′N 90°13′E / 25.52°N 90.22°E / 25.52; 90.22[1]. It has an average elevation of 349 metres (1145 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[2], Tura had a population of 58,391. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tura has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 70%. In Tura, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Connectivity

Tura is a far end place of meghalaya which is very close to National Border of Bangladesh. Main mode of transport is by road , there is no railways nor any domestic working airport. From Guwahati , its a 6 to 7 hours of drive , through the Naional Highway 40.

Society

The main population of the town is Garo tribe, next comes the Bengalies, Nepalies, other sects of people. Christianity is the main religion , more than 90% of the Garo's are Baptist. The Garos have a matrilineal and Matrilocal society.

Schools & Colleges

Schools

1. Tura Public School

2. Sherwood School


3. Aeroville High School

4. De Novo School

5. Don Bosco High School

6. St.Mary Girls High School and etc

Colleges

1. Don Bosco College

2. Tura Govt. College

3. Durama College and etc

Food

There are many varieties of food available, the common one is the traditional Garo food. Traditional Garo food includes boiled rice, different preparations of Pork, beef, chicken and dry fish. Some of the delicacies of Garo Food are Nakam Bitchi (it is dry fish made with chillies and soda), Phura Wak (it is Pork made with crushed rice).

Annual Celebrations

1. Wangala : It is a traditional Garo dance, also known as the 100 drums, celebrated in the mark of respect to the crop cultivation. Wangala takes place, 30km away from Tura in a place called, Asnaggiri. The men and women are dressed in traditionally and they dance to beat of the 100 drums.

2. Christmas : It is celebrated in a grand and extravagant way. The party starts from Christmas and end after the New Year celebration. So, the entire celebration last for more than a week. The occasions are filled with carol songs, dinner party, picnics and many more events. In short, a week long of Merry making.

3. Durga Puja : It is celebrated in the months of August-September and is celebrated in a grand fashion with 'pandals', 'dhak dhol' and the smell of 'dhoop' all over town. The number of idols The 'Bishorjon' is a colourful parade of trucks carrying the idols of the various pandals away at the end of the festivities.

Other annual celebrations like Chat Puja, Holi and Diwali are also conducted every year with the same enthusiasm and love.

References

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