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Süper Lig
Turkcell Super League logo.png
Countries Turkey Turkey
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1959
Number of teams 18
Relegation to Bank Asya 1. Lig
Levels on pyramid 1
Domestic cup(s) TFF Super Cup
Ziraat Turkey Cup
International cup(s) Champions League
Europa League
Current champions Beşiktaş J.K. (2008–09)
Most championships Galatasaray S.K. (17 titles)
Fenerbahçe S.K. (17 titles)
Website http://guncel.turkcellsuperlig.com.tr/
2009–10 season

The Süper Lig (formerly National League, First Football League and First Super League and currently known under a sponsorship deal as the Turkcell Süper Lig) is the top-flight league in Turkish nationwide football, and the most popular sporting competition in the country. It is managed by Turkish Football Federation.

The Turkish top flight currently is ranked the 11th best league in Europe.

Contents

Overview

Before the founding of Süper Lig, national champion was defined by Turkish Football Championship -which was played as a knock-out competition after end of the regional leagues, between the most recent regional champions of all over the Turkey to define national champion of the year- and National League -which was played after end of the regional leagues between the most recent regional champions and top clubs of Ankara Football League, Istanbul Football League, Izmir Football League and Eskişehir Football League(for one time) in a league system-.

Then, the league was established in 1959 as an attempt to unify some of the many regional leagues around the country. The season begins in August each year and ends in May, with a month-long winter break in December and January. The 18 clubs in the league play each other twice, once at home and once away. The bottom three teams are relegated to the TFF First League at the end of each season and replaced by three others teams from that league.

As of the 2009/10 season, the top two teams qualify for the Champions League, with the champions entering the group stages and the runners-up entering in the third qualifying round. The third-placed league team, the fourth-placed team and the winners of the Turkey Cup make up the three Turkish teams that enter the Europa League.

The arrival of private television channels in Turkey in the 1990s created a bidding war for live coverage rights, pouring money into the league and raising footballing standards dramatically. Live coverage rights are currently held by Digiturk, the digital satellite platform, until the contract expires in 2010. Digiturk bought the rights in 2004 for 135.85 million New Turkish lira (US$99 million). But recently Digiturk again won the rights for $321million for another 4 years until 2014. [1] On the other hand, Doğan Medya, the company of the Turkish media magnate Aydın Doğan, argued that the contract of Digiturk would expire in 2008. In accordance to this claim, Doğan Medya came out with a new offer of approximately $180 million.[2]

In 2005, the Turkish Football Federation signed a five-year deal with mobile phone operator Turkcell that saw the league's name changed to the 'Turkcell Super League' for five years. It came some years after an abortive sponsorship attempt by Turkcell's rivals, Telsim, in 1999.

Turkcell Süper Lig 2009-2010 Clubs

The clubs to play in the 2009-2010 season are listed below, alongside their home towns.

Club Home town Founded in Stadium In league since Finishing position last season First season in top division Number of seasons in top division Last title Number of titles
Ankaragücü Ankara 1910 Ankara 19 Mayıs 1981-1982 13th 1959 47 - 0
Ankara Ankara 1978 Yenikent ASAŞ 2004-2005 10th 2004-2005 6 - 0
Antalya Antalya 1966 Antalya Atatürk 2008-2009 12th 1982-1983 15 - 0
Beşiktaş İstanbul 1903 BJK İnönü 1959 1st 1959 52 2008-2009 13
Bursaspor Bursa 1963 Bursa Atatürk 2006-2007 6th 1967-1968 41 - 0
Denizlispor Denizli 1966 Denizli Atatürk 1999-2000 14th 1983-1984 19 - 0
Diyarbakırspor Diyarbakır 1968 Diyarbakır Atatürk 2009-2010 TFF First League; 2nd 1977-1978 11 - 0
Eskişehirspor Eskişehir 1965 Eskişehir Atatürk 2008-2009 11th 1966-1967 24 - 0
Fenerbahçe İstanbul 1907 Şükrü Saracoğlu 1959 4th 1959 52 2006-2007 17
Galatasaray İstanbul 1905 Ali Sami Yen 1959 5th 1959 52 2007-2008 17
Gaziantepspor Gaziantep 1969 Kamil Ocak 1990-1991 8th 1979-1980 24 - 0
Gençlerbirliği Ankara 1923 Ankara 19 Mayıs 1989-1990 15th 1959 38 - 0
İstanbul B.B. İstanbul 1990 Atatürk Olympic 2007-2008 9th 2007-2008 3 - 0
Kasımpaşa İstanbul 1921 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 2009-2010 TFF First League 4th; Play-Off Winner 1959-60 7 - 0
Kayserispor Kayseri 1966 Kadir Has 2004-2005 7th 2004-2005 6 - 0
Manisaspor Manisa 1931 Manisa 19 Mayıs 2009-2010 TFF First League; 1st 2005-2006 4 - 0
Sivasspor Sivas 1967 4 Eylül 2005-2006 2nd 2005-2006 5 - 0
Trabzonspor Trabzon 1967 Hüseyin Avni Aker 1974-1975 3rd 1974-1975 36 1983-1984 6

The clubs below took part in the TFF First League play-offs but failed to clinch the final promotion spot for the 2008-09 season.

Club Home town Founded in Last season in Super League Finishing position in Category A
Karşıyaka İzmir 1912 1995-1996 6th
Altay İzmir 1914 2002-2003 5th
Boluspor Bolu 1965 1991-1992 3rd

The clubs below were relegated to the TFF First League at the end of the 2007-08 season.

Club Home town Founded in In league since Finishing position last season
Konyaspor Konya 1981 2003-2004 16th
Kocaelispor İzmit 1966 2008-2009 17th
Hacettepespor Ankara 1949~2001 2007-2008 18th

Champions

Only four clubs, also known as the Big Four (Dört Büyükler in Turkish) have been champions since the beginning of the Super League in 1959: Fenerbahçe SK (17), Galatasaray SK (17), Beşiktaş J.K. (13), and Trabzonspor (6).[3] The first three, all Istanbul-based clubs, are also known as the Big Three (Üç Büyükler in Turkish).

Year Winner Runner Up Third Place
1957 Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray Altay
1958 Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray Vefa SK,
İstanbulspor
1959 Fenerbahçe Galatasaray Vefa SK,
Beşiktaş JK
1959–1960 Beşiktaş JK Fenerbahçe Galatasaray
1960–1961 Fenerbahçe Galatasaray Beşiktaş JK
1961–1962 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK
1962–1963 Galatasaray Beşiktaş JK Fenerbahçe
1963–1964 Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray
1964–1965 Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray
1965–1966 Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray Gençlerbirliği
1966–1967 Beşiktaş JK Fenerbahçe Galatasaray
1967–1968 Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray
1968–1969 Galatasaray Eskişehirspor Beşiktaş JK
1969–1970 Fenerbahçe Eskişehirspor Altay
1970–1971 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe Göztepe
1971–1972 Galatasaray Eskişehirspor Fenerbahçe
1972–1973 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe Eskişehirspor
1973–1974 Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK Boluspor
1974–1975 Fenerbahçe Galatasaray Eskişehirspor
1975–1976 Trabzonspor Fenerbahçe Galatasaray
1976–1977 Trabzonspor Fenerbahçe Altay
1977–1978 Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor Galatasaray
1978–1979 Trabzonspor Galatasaray Fenerbahçe
1979–1980 Trabzonspor Fenerbahçe Zonguldakspor
1980–1981 Trabzonspor Adanaspor Galatasaray
1981–1982 Beşiktaş JK Trabzonspor Fenerbahçe
1982–1983 Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor Galatasaray
1983–1984 Trabzonspor Fenerbahçe Galatasaray
1984–1985 Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK Trabzonspor
1985–1986 Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray Samsunspor
1986–1987 Galatasaray Beşiktaş JK Samsunspor
1987–1988 Galatasaray Beşiktaş JK Malatyaspor
1988–1989 Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray
1989–1990 Beşiktaş JK Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor
1990–1991 Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray Trabzonspor
1991–1992 Beşiktaş JK Fenerbahçe Galatasaray
1992–1993 Galatasaray Beşiktaş JK Trabzonspor
1993–1994 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor
1994–1995 Beşiktaş JK Trabzonspor Galatasaray
1995–1996 Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor Beşiktaş JK
1996–1997 Galatasaray Beşiktaş JK Fenerbahçe
1997–1998 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor
1998–1999 Galatasaray Beşiktaş JK Fenerbahçe
1999–2000 Galatasaray Beşiktaş JK Gaziantepspor
2000–2001 Fenerbahçe Galatasaray Gaziantepspor
2001–2002 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK
2002–2003 Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray Gençlerbirliği
2003–2004 Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor Beşiktaş JK
2004–2005 Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor Galatasaray
2005–2006 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK
2006–2007 Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK Galatasaray
2007–2008 Galatasaray Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş JK
2008–2009 Beşiktaş JK Sivasspor Trabzonspor

Star Rating System

The Turkish Football Federation permits clubs to place a golden star above their crest on their uniforms for every five national championships won. For the 2009/10 season Fenerbahçe and Galatasaray are permitted three golden stars, Beşiktaş are permitted two golden stars and Trabzonspor are permitted one golden star to be placed above their crest on their jerseys.

Team/stars Championships Years won
Galatasaray SK

Star full.svg Star full.svg Star full.svg

17
1962, 1963, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1987, 1988, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2008
Fenerbahçe SK

Star full.svg Star full.svg Star full.svg

17
1959, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1970, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1996, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2007
Beşiktaş JK

Star full.svg Star full.svg

13
1957*, 1958*, 1960, 1966, 1967, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995, 2003, 2009
Trabzonspor

Star full.svg

6
1976, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984

NOTE :

  • *Beşiktaş have formally requested that championships won in the 1956/57 and 1957/58 versions of the Turkish Federation Cup to be considered as Turkish Professional First Division championships. The Turkish Football Federation's ruling on this matter was announced in a press release on March 25, 2002. The press release indicated that the championships won by Beşiktaş in the Turkish Federation Cup will be counted as national titles.[4]

Süper Lig Title wins by decade


1950s

Team
2
Beşiktaş
1
Fenerbahçe

1960s

Team
4
Fenerbahçe
3
Galatasaray, Beşiktaş

1970s

Team
4
Fenerbahçe
3
Galatasaray, Trabzonspor

1980s

Team
3
Trabzonspor, Fenerbahçe
2
Beşiktaş, Galatasaray

1990s

Team
5
Galatasaray
4
Beşiktaş
1
Fenerbahçe

2000s

Team
4
Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray
2
Beşiktaş

Participations

The league was created in the Spring of 1959 by the Turkish Football Federation and played as 1 league only with 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 or 22 teams. These are the 66 teams which took part to the championships played from 1959 to 2010. Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe and Galatasaray are the only clubs which played all the seasons.

Note: Kayseri Erciyesspor played as Kayserispor between 1973-1975, 1979-1980, 1985-1986, 1992-1996 and 1997-1998. They were renamed to Kayseri Erciyesspor and played again in Super League between 2005-2007. Also, Kayseri Erciyesspor were renamed to Kayserispor and have played in the Super League since 2004.

Alibeyköyspor played as Adalet S.K. when they were in the Super League between 1959-1960

Keçiörengücü played as Hacettepe when they were in the Super League between 1959-1960 and 1962-1968 and Hacettepe were Gençlerbirliği Oftaş until 2008-2009 season.

Etimesgut Şekerspor played as Şekerhilal between 1959-1963 and Şekerspor between 1964-1966, 1967-1969, 1972-1973 and 1997-1998 when they were in the Super League.

Türk Telekom GSK were PTT when they were playing Super League football between 1960-1971 and 1972-1973.

Siirtspor were Siirt Jetpa S.K. and Manisaspor were Vestel Manisaspor due to the sponsorship reasons

Belediye Vanspor were Vanspor.

All-time table

As of end of 2008-2009 season[5]
Pos. Team Seasons Most
recent
season
Points Played Won Drawn Lost G.F. G.A. Diff. 3wPts.
1   Fenerbahçe 51 2008-2009 2792 1664 940 436 288 2891 1382 1491 17 9 15 2285 3201
2   Galatasaray 51 2008-2009 2791 1664 937 454 273 2909 1400 1579 17 16 6 2316 3255
3   Beşiktaş 51 2008-2009 2712 1662 896 467 299 2661 1334 1327 13 13 9 2259 3155
4   Trabzonspor 36 2008-2009 1882 1154 587 317 250 1773 1032 741 6 7 7 1491 2078
5   Ankaragücü 46 2008-2009 1667 1500 489 437 574 1730 1931 -201 1415 1904
6   Bursaspor 40 2008-2009 1484 1298 431 383 484 1481 1569 -88 1245 1676
7   Gençlerbirliği 37 2008-2009 1443 1230 412 371 447 1571 1612 -41 2 1195 1607
8   Altay 41 2002-2003 1372 1326 413 413 500 1415 1608 -193 2 1239 1652
9   Samsunspor 29 2005-2006 1054 952 310 245 397 1056 1258 -202 2 865 1175
10   Gaziantepspor 23 2008-2009 992 756 278 197 281 955 1008 -53 2 753 1031
11   İstanbulspor 23 2004-2005 813 756 237 229 290 855 945 -90 1 703 940
12   Eskişehirspor 23 2008-2009 784 734 252 238 244 806 788 18 3 2 742 994
13   Kocaelispor 20 2008-2009 784 640 225 184 265 858 934 -78 634 859
14   Göztepe 25 2002-2003 763 780 245 249 286 827 910 -83 1 724 962
15   Denizlispor 18 2008-2009 710 620 196 166 258 776 884 -108 558 754
16   Adanaspor 21 2003-2004 667 670 196 206 268 738 887 -149 1 598 794
17   Boluspor 20 1991-92 654 638 192 215 231 637 709 -72 1 599 791
18   Sarıyer 13 1996-97 527 436 148 135 153 553 551 2 431 579
19   Antalyaspor 14 2008-2009 521 478 145 124 209 549 708 -159 414 559
20   Karşıyaka 16 1995-96 508 528 152 141 235 533 752 -219 445 597
21   Adana Demirspor 17 1994-95 490 550 146 157 247 514 773 -259 449 595
22   Çaykur Rizespor 13 2007-2008 485 444 145 99 200 472 626 -154 389 534
23   Malatyaspor 11 2005-2006 467 384 134 102 148 507 544 -37 1 370 504
24   Konyaspor 11 2008-2009 428 364 112 92 160 442 578 -136 316 428
25   Zonguldakspor 14 1987-88 424 454 135 148 171 425 484 -59 1 418 553
26   Ankara Demirspor 13 1970-71 385 418 116 153 149 447 509 -62 385 501
27   Sakaryaspor 11 2006-2007 370 380 114 89 177 452 586 -134 317 431
28   Vefa 14 1973-74 363 422 110 143 169 364 514 -150 1 363 473
29   Kayseri Erciyesspor 11 2006-2007 343 356 85 110 161 346 532 -186 280 365
30   Türk Telekomspor 12 1972-73 328 384 97 134 153 352 467 -115 328 425
31   Mersin Idman Yurdu 11 1982-83 306[6] 336 102 104 130 295 339 -44 308 410
32   İzmirspor 10 1968-69 296 326 93 110 123 312 385 -73 296 389
33   Diyarbakırspor 10 2005-2006 293 328 85 75 168 295 500 -205 245 330
34   Feriköy 9 1967-68 272 302 92 88 122 266 320 -54 272 364
35   Altınordu 10 1969-70 269 332 84 101 147 314 447 -133 269 353
36   Etimesgut Şekerspor 10 1997-98 255 320 73 100 147 309 481 -172 246 319
37   Orduspor 9 1985-86 251 284 86 79 119 240 335 -95 251 337
38   Kayserispor 5 2008-2009 241 170 64 49 57 243 207 36 197 241
39   Beykozspor 1908 8 1965-66 238 264 72 94 98 262 314 -52 238 310
40   Sivasspor 4 2008-2009 230 136 66 32 38 186 145 41 1 164 230
41   Keçiörengücü 8 1967-68 210 252 67 76 109 243 334 -91 210 277
42   Kasımpaşa 6 2007-2008 186 224 53 72 99 176 312 -136 178 231
43   Ankaraspor 5 2008-2009 219 170 53 57 60 210 217 -7 163 219
44   Fatih Karagümrük 6 1983-84 157 182 53 51 78 207 236 -29 157 210
45   Belediye Vanspor 5 1999-2000 153 170 38 39 93 165 298 -133 115 153
46   Giresunspor 6 1976-77 151 180 47 57 76 156 209 -53 151 198
47   Zeytinburnuspor 5 1996-97 145 162 36 37 89 159 290 -131 109 145
48   Manisaspor 3 2007-2008 111 102 29 24 49 135 168 -33 82 111
49   Çanakkale Dardanelspor 3 1998-99 109 102 28 25 49 107 154 -47 81 109
50   Bakırköyspor 3 1992-93 105 90 28 21 41 131 135 -4 77 105
51   Aydınspor 3 1992-93 105 90 26 27 37 105 140 -35 79 105
52   Erzurumspor 3 2000-2001 98 102 25 23 54 116 205 -89 73 98
53   Karabükspor 3 1998-99 95 98 25 20 53 95 176 -81 70 95
54   İstanbul BŞB 2 2008-2009 80 68 22 14 32 81 93 -12 58 80
55   Yozgatspor 2 2001-2002 76 68 19 19 30 101 113 -12 57 76
56   Hacettepe SK 2 2008-2009 62 68 15 17 36 54 99 -45 47 62
57   Akçaabat Sebatspor 2 2004-2005 61 68 14 19 35 85 131 -46 47 61
58   Elazığspor 2 2003-2004 59 68 15 14 39 77 138 -61 44 59
59   Beyoğluspor 2 1963-64 50 64 15 20 29 59 90 -31 50 65
60   Yeşildirek SK 2 1962-63 42 58 13 16 29 51 94 -43 42 55
61   Alibeyköyspor 2 1959-60 35 52 10 15 27 38 69 -31 25 45
62   Petrol Ofisi SK 1 1994-95 29 34 8 5 21 38 73 -35 21 29
63   Balıkesirspor 1 1975-76 25 30 9 7 14 18 39 -21 25 34
64   Siirtspor 1 2000-2001 24 34 6 6 22 47 81 -34 18 24
65   Kahramanmaraşspor 1 1988-89 23 36 4 11 21 22 71 -49 19 23
66   MKE Kırıkkalespor 1 1978-79 18 30 5 8 17 21 64 -43 18 23
  • Teams in bold script will play in 2009-10 season.
  • Teams in italic script have no professional license in 2009-10 season.

Records

Season
  • The longest season: 1962-1963 (42 matches)[7]
Teams
  • Most time champions: Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe with 17 titles
  • Most time runner-ups: Galatasaray (16 times)
  • Most number of consecutive titles: Galatasaray with 4 seasons in a row (1996 - 2000)
  • Largest margin win: 1989-1990 Beşiktaş - Adana Demirspor (10-0)
  • Best season start: Beşiktaş with 13 wins out of 13 games (1959-1960)
  • Most number of goals scored (1959-2008/2009): Galatasaray (2908 goals)
  • Most number of goals scored in a single game: 1991-1992 Fenerbahçe - Gaziantepspor (8-4)
  • Best performing team: 1988-1989 Fenerbahçe (29 wins, 6 draws, 1 loss in 36 matches)
  • Longest unbeaten run: Beşiktaş (48 matches)
  • Longest winning streak: 1959-1960 Beşiktaş (13 matches)
  • Unbeaten Champions: 1991-1992 Beşiktaş
  • Unbeaten runner-ups: 1985-1986 Galatasaray
  • Team with the most wins in a season: 1959-1960 Beşiktaş, 1988-1989 Fenerbahçe (29 wins)
  • Highest scoring team in a single round season: 1988-1989 Fenerbahçe (103 goals in 36 games)
  • Highest scoring team in a two round season: 1962-1963 Galatasaray (105 goals in 42 games on two round season)
  • Lowest conceding team in a single season: Fenerbahçe (6 goals in 30 games, 1969-1970)
  • Best overall derby performance: Fenerbahçe (137-116 against Galatasaray), (121-120 against Beşiktaş)
  • Most games won in row at home: Galatasaray (25 games)
  • Champion team with the most points: 1988-1989 Fenerbahçe (93 pts - 29 wins, 6 draws, 1 loss in 36 matches)
Players
  • Most number of top scorers per team: Fenerbahçe and Galatasaray (13 times)
  • All time top scorer: Hakan Şükür (Galatasaray) (249 goals)
  • Most league titles won: Suat Kaya, Bülent Korkmaz and Hakan Şükür (Galatasaray) (8 seasons)
  • Top scorer for the most years: Metin Oktay (Galatasaray) (6 times)
  • Best top scorer in one season: 1987-1988 Tanju Çolak (Galatasaray) (39 goals)
  • Most goals in one match: Tanju Çolak (Fenerbahçe) (6 goals)

Top scorers

'All-time top scorers in the Süper League'
'(Süper League goals only)'
Rank Player Goals
1 Turkey Hakan Şükür 249
2 Turkey Tanju Çolak 240
3 Turkey Hami Mandıralı 219
4 Turkey Metin Oktay 217
5 Turkey Aykut Kocaman 200
6 Turkey Feyyaz Uçar 191
7 Turkey Serkan Aykut 188
8 Turkey Fevzi Zemzem 144
9 Turkey Ertuğrul Sağlam 132
10 Turkey Cenk İşler 131
11 Turkey Mehmet Özdilek 130
As of 10 May 2008 (Bold denotes players still playing in the league).

Successful Managers

Coaches with multiple Süper Lig Titles Won (in order of date of first title win)

UEFA ranking

National League Ranking for 2007-08 Euro Season (Previous year rank in italics, UEFA coefficient in parentheses)

See also

References

External links

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