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Turkish Air Force Academy
Established 1951
Type Military college
Location , Turkey

The Turkish Air Force Academy (Turkish: Hava Harp Okulu) was founded in 1951, replacing the Army Flight School and with the mandate to train the officers of the Turkish Air Force. Today it is a four-year institution of higher learning, providing an engineering education to Air Force cadets from Turkey as well as a number of other countries, and preparing them for careers in their respective Air Forces. TuAF Academy is recognized by the Turkish Council of Higher Education, as a university accredited to grant engineering degrees.

Contents

Graduate academic program of TuAFA

Aeronautics and Space Technologies Institute (ASTIN) was founded on August 17, 2001 and initially in ASTIN graduate programs in Aeronautics, Electronics, Computer, and Industrial Engineering subjects were offered. Regarding the requirements of Air Forces, so as not to be left behind in the space race, Aerospace program was initiated in the 2003-2004 academic year. Therefore the graduate program which offered 4 Master of Science (M.S.) programs at the start now continues with 5 programs. In addition, Philosophy of Doctorate (Ph.D.) program in 4 programs are being offered.

Subjects

  • Computer Engineering
  • Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Applied Sciences
  • Military and Social Sciences
  • Foreign Languages

Undergraduate education

The four year academic education is the most extensive part of the Officer Development System that is being conducted in the Turkish Air Force. This educational development process started with the establishment of Turkish Air Force Academy in Eskişehir in 1951. The education and training period of Turkish Air Force Academy carried on as two-year academic study until 1969, than the three year of academic study took place between 1969-1974. There has been a four year academic education since 1974. For the equivalence of the education given in the Air Force Academy with other universities, there had been an improvement study held by the order of Turkish General Staff for the War Academies.Then, having considered the needs of Turkish Air Force, there has been a bachelor’s degree education on aviation, electronics, computer and industrial engineering programs, which began to be applied since 1991-1992 academic term. In 1994-1995, academic term departments were reorganized as of aeronautical, electronics, computer and industrial engineering. The bachelor’s degree education that is already being carried on legalized with the War Academies’ Law number 4566 from May 17, 2000, since then the officers graduated from the Turkish Air Force Academy as pilot candidates started to be given the education of BS in engineering. Dean of Academics was changed into Deanship after the War Academies’ Law took effect. The Academic education, which lasts for four years, is the most wide ranging section of our Officer Development System. The professional manpower we have, the educational level of that power, the continuation of training and lastly; the level of technology form the base of strategic powers of the countries. The more powerful and stronger that base is, the easier it is to reach the goal of a followed leading country that is producing and directing technology. Regarding that, air and space power are also formed up according to well-trained manpower and contemporary approach of training and management. During this period, the target of the academic education is to train Air Force officers who have the required ability of thinking analytically, expressing ideas orally and in written form easily and clearly, reading and searching a lot, using the computer efficiently, proficient in English, competent at least in another foreign language and having the required scientific background for the postgraduate education and for all kinds of duty given in air force.

The duties of the Turkish Air Force Academy Deanship are: to train active duty officers in the name of the Turkish Air Force, to plan, perform, follow, check, develop, coordinate, supply education and training academically. And also to provide a productive and effective management of the organization under its command according to determined goals and to support the Institute of Aeronautics and Space Technologies by the means of education and training.

The BS, which is going to be given in the Turkish Air Force Academy is formatted according to the goals of the Turkish Air Force Academy and also in the standards that is programmed in the field of engineering by the Council of Higher Education (CHE).

The education program of BS has been organized considering the hours of lessons, value of credits, and the contents of the lessons according to the standards of equivalences of national or international institutions.

The resultant that is called credit includes theoretical, laboratory and practical lessons. In these lessons one credit is for weekly every theoretical lessons and also 0.5 credit for practical and laboratory lessons. Military training lessons, physical education lessons and leadership and commandership training and practices are called coefficient lessons.

The training and education year consists of two terms in the Turkish Air Force Academy. Each term includes 15 or 16 weeks for academic training and also final term examinations. The lessons are for each term. There is at least one midterm or final exam for each lesson in a term. Fixed based and fixed letter spaced marking system is being applied in order to evaluate the cadets. Central examination system is performed. Because there is a composite examination system, all classes have the exams at the same time. The academic year starts at the last day of September or the first Monday of October and there are seven lessons days a week.

The cadets are given at least two weeks off in an academic year. In summer encampment and military training period, all the activities of military training, orientation training, preparation for the next year and the schedule for cadet passes are planned and executed in "Annual Activity Schedule". Military training period consists of at least two weeks and it never exceeds eight weeks.

Lessons are planned and applied to improve cadets’ reading and research habits. Applications regarding reading, observation, research techniques from different sources are also taught to cadets. In order to create more efficient and effective educational environments, custom modified educational methods are applied. These methods are applied in laboratories and special classes. Vital feed back from various departments of Turkish Air Force is used to improve the education system. Future needs are taken into consideration with the developments in science and technology together with close cooperation with similar inland and international institutions.

As outlined above, the Air Force Academy continues to educate and train cadets in the departments of aeronautical engineering, computer engineering, electronics engineering, industrial engineering, applied sciences, military and social sciences, and foreign languages in the most contemporary academic knowledge and skills with theoretical and practical lessons.At the Air Force Academy, considering the fact that the most important factor to reach this goal is investment on human beings and on science that will improve people, some activities like conferences, seminars, symposiums and science festivals are being held related to learning, creativity, productivity of knowledge and thoughts as well as theoretical sciences. The experience acquired at this point will broaden the cadets’ scientific thinking power, increase their self-confidence and will secure Turkish Nation’s future. In recent years, very important routes in the performance of doctrine, operation, logistics and education have been covered within Turkish Air Forces. As it is specified in the basic doctrine, in order to make the Air Force a strong, trustworthy and effective power in the future as it is today, it is necessary to follow the recent advances in science and technology in a constant, fast and dynamic process of transformation. At this phase, The Turkish Air Force Academy Dean of the Faculty has been experiencing the true pride and happiness concerning production, use, internalization and perceiving of new technologies that have to be in the air and space power of the 21st century.

Air Force Cadet schedule

In the Air Force Academy, you get up at 06:30. After breakfast, there is a 30 minute study hour and then you will have academic and military lessons and five of them are before lunch. After lessons you will have some sport activities. If you are member of social or sport team, you will take part in these team activities every week day. In a year you will receive eight months academic education and you will spend one and a half month in military training program. Cadets fly T 41-D training plane during the academic time so they prepare themselves for future flights. Academic lessons finish in June. Cadets who pass the exams have glider education. Training camp in Yalova has lots of fascinating activities. After the training camp, senior cadets graduate as lieutenants from Air Force Academy. Graduating ceremony is one of the most important activities in Air Force Academy. The youngest officers tke certificates from the President of Turkish Republic. They also hand over the standard of Turkish Air Force Academy to the fourth grade cadets. Each year the new class enters in September and begins an intense period of military training called basic cadet training.

Flight training

During the Air Force Academy education period, Air Force Academy cadets receive applied flight training besides academic and military lectures. With the help of this training, cadets improve their knowledge and skills about aviation.

Flight training is executed under the supervision of 5th Squadron Command, which functions under the planning and execution of wing command and with experienced teaching pilots, who have served in different flight units of the Air Force for many years.

While cadets are learning basic flight knowledge in the content of the flight training, they improve their knowledhe in real flying conditions by T-41D planes, which are in the squadron and they are increasing their skill levels intended for piloting training. Cadets accomplish their flight trainings as it is mentioned below: 1st year two sorties, 2nd year two sorties, 3rd year three sorties, 4th year four sorties. All grades are first subjected to normal and emergency procedures exam. After succeeding in these exams they can start their flight trainings.

In parallel to flight trainings, cadets are given lessons within fleet's land courses; meteorology, flight physiology, tower conversations, using the GPS, general flight planning, cartography and besides presentations and briefs about Turkish Air Force Flight Corporations.

Air Force Academy cadets are given glider courses by the teachers from THK as well as the T-41D courses. At the end of this glider training, successful cadets are given A Class glider certificate and badge.[citation needed]

Turkish Air Force Museum Command

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History

The Turkish Air Force was founded on June 1, 1911 by the order of Mahmut Şevket Pasha, Minister of Defense of the Ottoman Empire, under the name of “Aviation Commission” headed by Lieutenant Colonel Süreyya İlmen. Cavalier Captain Fesa Evrensev and Lieutenant Yusuf Kenan were sent to Bleriot Flight School on July 1911. After completing their training in February 1912, they returned to Turkey and became the first pilots of the Turkish Army. One-seat and two-seat Deperdussins bought from France in 1912 were the first Turkish aircraft. The first steps of Turkish Aviation were taken by constructing hangars, runways and other infrastructure facilities under the name of Yeşilköy Flight School in Yeşilköy, İstanbul.

The Turkish Air Force was founded on June 1, 1911 by the order of Mahmut Şevket Pasha, Minister of Defense of the Ottoman Empire, under the name of "Aviation Commission" headed by Lieutenant Colonel Süreyya İlmen.

Cavalier Captain Fesa Evrensev and Lieutenant Yusuf Kenan were sent to Bleriot Flight School in July 1911. After completing their training in February 1912, they returned to Turkey and became the first pilots of the Turkish Army.

One-seat and two-seat Deperdussins bought from France in 1912 were the first Turkish aircraft. The first steps of Turkish Aviation were taken by constructing hangars, runways and other infrastructure facilities under the name of Yeşilköy Flight School in Yeşilköy, İstanbul.

In 1918, Yeşilköy Airplane Station turned into an aviation training center for the Ottoman Air Force. After 1912, special stores were built to keep aircraft, which were not in use any more and which were captured. This initiative sparked the idea of establishing an aviation museum. After a short period of time, the Air Force Inspectorship took a decision of founding an air museum and also made wreckage of enemy aircraft collected. These aircraft, which had been preserved in hangars and stores were damaged while being transported to Kartal-Maltepe and casulties occurred during the Turkish Independence War impeded the establishment of the Air Museum.In 1918, Yeşilköy Airplane Station turned into an aviation training center for the Ottoman Air Force. After 1912, special stores were built to keep aircraft which were not in use any more and which were captured. This initiative sparked the idea of establishing an aviation museum. After a short period of time, the Air Force Inspectorship took a decision of founding an air museum and also made wreckage of enemy aircraft collected. These aircraft which had been preserved in hangars and stores were damaged while being transported to Kartal-Maltepe and casuilties occurred during the Independence War impeded the establishment of the Air Museum. In the 1960s, the idea of founding an aviation museum reappeared. In 1963, all units of the Turkish Air Force were ordered to keep one of every type aircrafts available and in 1966 the Air Museum Organization was founded. After remarkable efforts in a short period of time, Turkish Air Museum was opened in Cumaovası Civilian Airfield, İzmir, on May 15, 1971. In spite of an intensive interest to the Museum, some difficulties which occurred in reaching the Museum brought searching a new venue for the Museum to the agenda. The Air Museum remained open in İzmir until 1978. Following search for a new venue, Yeşilköy/İstanbul was chosen as the new place for the Air Museum due to being the birth place of Turkish Aviation and a city of museums. Its construction initiated in 1974 and was completed in 1983. The new Air Museum established with a modern understanding was officially opened on October 16, 1985 by General Halil SÖZER, Commander of the Turkish Air Force.

Applying for TuAFA

The standards required to join Turkish Air Force Academy:

For military high school graduates, the selection stages are:

  1. Flight health examination
  2. Psycomotor and personality tests
  3. Student flight training selection
  4. Orientation training

For public high school graduates, in addition

  1. SSE - Math/Science-2 point
  2. Pre health examination
  3. Sports test
  4. Interview (individual and group meeting)
  5. Decision committee interview

In case of passing the tests completely, selection is completed.

TuAFA's resources

TuAFA chooses the cadets from two sources. First group comes from military high school in Turkey (Işıklar Air Military High School). These students take their high school education in that school for five years.

Second group comes from civilian schools. These students from Math/Science classes attend to SSE exam. The students, who can get enough points are entitled to enroll the Turkish Air Force Academy. All these groups get same selection stages for taking education in the Academy.

Social Activities

There is some relaxing time besides intensive activities of Air Force cadets.In the winter term volunteer cadets are given ski training in Erzurum, Kayseri and Ankara.Cadets may g oto ballets,theatres, concerts and festivals that are organized in İstanbul Every two weekend, 80 cadets go to the football games of Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe which are the best two football clubs in Turkey.Cadets can relaxin İstanbul which is one of the famous cities in the world.On Saturday and Sunday leaves,air force cadets can go sightseeing and enjoy the bosphorus.They can follow any entertainment day desire. If they want to spend their free time in the Air Force Academy;swimming pool,tennis courts soccer fields, gym, sauna, cafeteria,and other facilities are enough fort hem to have a good time.In adddition they can watch movies in cinema hal lor drink something towards the Marmara Sea in Eagle’s Nest. Every may , the Young Eagle’s Festival is organized.This festival involves concerts and different amusing entertainments.In this festival ;theatre, folk dance,Turkish art music, Turkish Folk Music and concert of the famous singers are being performed with the organization of the cadets.Cadets from the other academies can attend this festival as well.

Turkish Air Force Academy

Air Force Academy was first founded as “Air School” in order to develop the Turkish Military Aviation in Yeşilköy, July 3,1912 than moved to Eskişehir in 1926. As a result of developments in aviation, Air School in Eskişehir was transformed into the Air Force Academy on October 1, 1951 under the command of Staff Colonel Gavsi UÇAGÖK. The 56 Air Force 3rd Lieutenants graduated on August 30, 1953 were the first officers who were trained by the Air Force Academy exclusively. Some of these officers have been sent to the United States of America. On the same day the Air Force Academy received the standard from The rapid improvements in aviation and space technologies demanded fundamental changes in education and training of the Air Force Academy. For this purpose the Academy was transported to İstanbul in order to use the resources and instructors of the universities and War Academies. The facilities which were constructed in Yeşilyurt İstanbul for the Air Military High School have been converted into the Air Force Academy. In July 4, 1967 The Turkish Air Force Academy has been transported to İstanbul. On September 17, 1954, the Air Force Academy was transported to İzmir due to the inadequacies in Eskişehir. In 1955 flight training was moved back to the period after the two year education and the number of trainees were increased from 68 to 136. 1955 was the most populous year of the Academy with the 429 cadets recruited in that year. In the same year, a female cadet was recruited. After 1960 Air Military High School became the main source of Cadets for the Air Force Academy. Students from civilian high On August 30, 1968 the Air Force Academy had its first graduates in İstanbul. In 1969-1970 education period the duration of the training was expanded from two years into three years and it was expanded into four years in 1974. Until 1960 female cadets had been admitted to the Academy. In 1992 after 32 years once again they were admitted to the Academy and a total number of 134 female officers were graduated from the Academy from 1996 to present day. Since 1992, 120 cadets of the friendly and allied countries have also been trained in the Turkish Air Force Academy. On May 17, 2000 the Air Force Academy Dean of the Faculty was established. The foundation of the Air Force Academy Dean of the Faculty was a milestone in support of the academic activities to be implemented in a modern and efficient way. Aeronautics and Space Technologies Institute was founded in 2001 for graduate studies. The institute serves as a higher education institute for both Air Force and other service branches. Air Force Academy covers an area of 4.5 km² with the indoor and outdoor facilities at Yeşilyurt, Istanbul and flight and encampment facilities at Yalova. With its modern facilities, experienced teaching staff and modern views, the Air Force Academy is an outstanding education establishment. In 1955, the Turkish Air Force Academy (TUAFA) accepted female cadets for the first time just as the other academies did. In 1960 this regulation was abolished. In a five-year term 24 female cadets graduated as 3rd Lieutenants. 32 years later, in 1992 the acceptance of female cadets to the TUAFA was reinstated The Turkish Air Force Academy is a military university, which is affiliated to TuAF and GSC. TuAFA has different education and training places called campus. As being different from other universities, TuAFA gives basic training and leadership education to cadets. Furthermore, TuAFA demands on giving a sport training to cadets for their future and their job. Developments in the field of military aviation in the West as in the Ottoman Empire, in 1912, the Air Force Academy in the area today, Flight School was opened with the name of the first aviation training institutions. Turkish Air Force to train its staff in a school that can be gained and then held today under the name Air Force Academy was opened in 1951 in Eskisehir. The first graduates in 1953 to August 30 of the Air Force Academy, moved to Ontario in 1954. February 14, 1967, the Air Force Academy as a cultural and historical treasure has been decided to move to Istanbul. Firstly, TuAFA was gotten its own presented academy, in 1967. However, before it in 1912, 1951, 1954, TuAFA had had different place to educate. Some of in 1911, TuAF was obtaining their pilot candidates from army academy. After then, the commanders decided to construct a new building in Yeşilyurt for the future of TuAF. At first there was an education limit, which is two years but in 1969, it was extended to three years. Lastly, it was extended to four years. 4-year training period and then applied in the various academic programs in 1991 and the implementation of the engineering undergraduate program was started. In this context, Aviation, Computers, Electronics and Industrial education is given in the branches engineering.Taken until 1960, female students at the school in 1992 and again after an interval of 32 years to get female students began. Yet since 1992 coming from friendly and allied countries to visiting student at the Air Force Academy training was introduced.


Today in the Yesilyut campus, there are post graduate education, which is being given in HUTEN, the education of combat pilot candidates and the activities of Aviation Museum and support group. plus to whole, there is an airfield for T-41 flights. In the Academy, academic education and physical training is divided to three main terms. On this topic, cadets are taking so many different trainings in the Yalova camp. Furthermore, cadets also must succeed in all their academic courses to pass their next grade.

Thirdly, in academic training, there are four engineering department at DEAN. The academic improving of cadets is being enhanced in different areas. After a few years, the cadets have also the chance of doctorate on this engineering parts in ASTIN. Consequently, TuAFA is fulfilling its goal in developing career officers through the education and training program.

Cadet benefits

They receive all their basic needs from the academy. The academy provides cadets with food, clothing, boarding, course, materials, cafeteria, sport facilities and such helps complimentarily.

Medical care

A 50 bed infirmary is an on-base medical treatment facility providing complete medical care for military personnel, their dependents,retirees in the vicinity of Turkish Air Force Academy(TUAFA) and cadets. One of our primary missions is flight readiness of the cadets according to the criteria. Our medical center provides a 24-hour availability for emergency services and ambulatory care. Cadets receive out patient treatment physical examination and routine dental examinations in the cadet clinic located in the academy. For necessary care, cadets go to other military hospital located in İstanbul.In our infirmary we are committed to provide high-quality patient care through our clinical departments: internal diseases, psychiatry , dermatology, general surgery, urology, ear-nose-throat diseases (ENT), cardiology, orthopaedics, ophthalmology, obstetrics-gynaecology (obs-gyn), flight surgeon, consultant pyhsician, dental departments, pharmacy and two operating rooms. Our medical center has a “Flight Health and Examination Center”.

Importance of sport

All cadets, who have taken education from the Academy, educated for being really good pilots. One important point about flight is that a pilot has to have a strong body for facing 9.0 and higher g-forces in the air. So from the root, students get a hard sport programme for improvement. Especially, fainting in the air causes a lot of problem for the Turkish Air Force. It causes the lost of pilot and money and plane. So, sports hold an important place in education of students in the Academy.

Air Force cadet lifestyle is different from almost every other school's. Sacrifice and stamina are vital to meet demands of daily living. The cadet must organize his time and establish self-discipline. The purpose of military life and rules of the Turkish Air Force Academy is preparing the cadets for future work thoroughly.

There is one hour compulsory studying time for cadets, who have not achieved the required academic success. Cadets, who accomplished the required academic success, spend their time as they wish. There is lights out time and all cadets have to be in their rooms at that time. They will attend roll call every morning. Also on every Wednesday and Friday, parades are arranged. Air Force cadets take leave on weekends. In a year, they will receive eight months academic education and will spend one and a half month in military training program. Cadets fly with T 41-D training plane during the academic time so they prepare themselves for future flights. Academic lessons finish in June. Cadets, who pass the exams have glider education.

After a four year intensive education and training program, cadets participate in the Air Force Family as youngest officers. Lieutenants take their diplomas in the presence of the President, Prime Minister, ministers and other important guests and families. The graduation ceremony may be the only one of its kind. In this ceremony, lieutenants and cadets exhibit the quality of the education they get under the matchless voice of the fighter aircrafts.

Graduate programs

Aeronautics and Space Technologies Institute (ASTIN) was founded on August 17th, 2001 and initially in ASTIN graduate programs in Aeronautics, Electronics, Computer, and Industrial Engineering subjects were offered. Regarding the requirements of Air Forces, so as not to be left behind in the space race, Aerospace program was initiated in the 2003-2004 academic year. Therefore the graduate program which offered 4 Master of Science (M.S.) programs at the start now continues with 5 programs. In addition, Philosophy of Doctorate (Ph.D.) program in 4 programs are being offered.

Academic program

For 2007, ASTIN offers graduate education in master and doctorate programs listed below. Doctorate and master programs are applied with thesis. Approved doctorate programs are: • Electronic Engineering Philosophy of Doctorate Program • Aeronautical Engineering Philosophy of Doctorate Program • Industrial Engineering Philosophy of Doctorate Program • Computer Engineering Philosophy of Doctorate Program • Aerospace Sciences Philosophy of Doctorate Program

Also common master programs offered by the institute are; • Electronics Engineering Master of Science Program • Aerospace Sciences Master of Science Program • Industrial Engineering Master of Science Program • Computer Engineering Master of Science Program • Aeronautical Engineering Master of Science Program

References


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