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Turkish Airlines
Türk Hava Yolları
Founded 20 May 1933
Hubs Atatürk International Airport
Focus cities
Frequent flyer program Miles & Smiles
Member lounge Turkish Airlines CIP Lounge
Alliance Star Alliance
Fleet size 133 (+ 64 Orders)
Destinations 158 (38 dom + 120 intl)
Headquarters Istanbul, Turkey
Key people Temel Kotil (CEO)
Hamdi Topçu (Chairman)

THY - Turkish Airlines, Inc. (Turkish: Türk Hava Yolları Anonim Ortaklığı) is the national airline of Turkey, headquartered in Istanbul.[2] It operates a network of scheduled services to 120 international and 37 domestic cities (38 domestic airports), serving a total of 158 airports, in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. The airline's main base is at Atatürk International Airport, with secondary hubs at Esenboğa International Airport, Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, and Adnan Menderes Airport. In 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009, THY carried 17 million, 19.7 million, 22.5 million, and 25.1 million passengers with total revenues of US$2.23, US$3.0, US$4.5, and US$4 billion, respectively.[3][4] THY is projected to be Europe's 7th biggest airline in terms of passengers carried in 2009 (4th in national flag carriers). The airline has more than 12,000 employees. THY has been a member of the Star Alliance since 1 April 2008.

Turkish Airlines is an official sponsor of FC Barcelona and Manchester United.



Turkish Airlines destinations.      Turkey      Turkish Airlines destinations

Turkish Airlines operate scheduled services from 38 airports in Turkey and over 120 international destinations.

One of THY’s stated goals is to serve every country possible.

To that end, THY plan to start flying to a number cities in 2010: Accra, Arbil, Basrah, Dar es Salaam, Dhaka, Entebbe, Ho Chi Minh City, Los Angeles, Novosibirsk, Shiraz, Sochi, Washington DC.

Further afield, before 2012, they aspire to fly to: Abidjan, Abuja, Alexandria, Atyrau, Auckland, Bilbao, Bratislava, Buenos Aires, Calcutta, Chennai, Colombo, Douala, Ganja, Glasgow, Grozny, Guangzhou, Havana, Heraklion, Hyderabad, Isfahan, Kharkiv, Kinshasa, Kraków, Kuala Lumpur, Lahore, Latakia, Luxembourg, Makhachkala, Malaga, Malé, Malmö, Malta, Manila, Marseilles, Melbourne, Mexico City, Miami, Montreal, Nagoya, Nakhichevan, Nalchik, Naples, Niš, Omsk, Oran, Palermo, Phnom Penh, Podgorica, Reykjavik, Rhodes, Rotterdam, Salzburg, Samara, Santiago de Chile, Sharm el-Sheikh, Strasbourg, Sukhumi, Sydney, Tallinn, Thessaloniki, Torino, Ulan Bator, Ürümqi, Valencia, Vilnius, Xian and Yerevan.

Codeshare agreements

THY’s codeshare partners, including fellow Star Alliance (SA) members, are:


Turkish Airlines head office
A Turkish Airlines aircraft with the new Star Alliance logo seen at Beijing Capital International Airport's Terminal 3 on 30 March 2008, two days before it formally joined the Alliance.
Boeing 737-800 taxis after landing

The Turkish Airlines fleet consists of 133 aircraft as of February 2010:[5][6][7][8]

Aircraft Active Orders Passengers
Airbus A319-100 004 12 124 (0/0/124)
Airbus A320-200 022 150 (0/0/150)
Airbus A321-200 021 08 186 (0/10/176)
Airbus A330-200 007 250 (0/22/228)
Airbus A330-300 10 319 (0/30/289)
Airbus A340-300 009 271 (0/34/237)
Boeing 737-400 004 150 (0/0/150)
Boeing 737-700 007 149 (0/0/149)
Boeing 737-800 051 10 155 (0/20/135) 2 aircraft in Star Alliance livery, 1 aircraft in FC Barcelona livery, 1 aircraft in Manchester United livery
Boeing 737-900ER 10 TBA New coming 737NGs will be Sky Interior design. 15 more options for 737 NG airplanes.
Boeing 777-300ER 004 12 312 (8/30/274)
Turkish Airlines Cargo Fleet
Airbus A310-300F 004 Cargo
Airbus A330-200F 02 Cargo
Total 133 64

As of February 2010, the average age of the Turkish Airlines fleet was 6.4 years.[9]


Fleet expansion

On 14 October 2008 Turkish Airlines issued one of the world's largest commercial aircraft purchase tenders[10]. The tender which has since been extended to 17 December 2008 is for the purchase of 105 planes valued at US $6 billion[11]. This will include a firm order for 25 wide-body, long-haul planes and 50 narrow-body, medium-haul aircraft. It would also place options for 10 wide-body and 20 narrow-body aircraft[12][13] Turkish Airlines has already announced orders for 24 wide-body aircraft and 40 narrow-body aircraft plus 25 options for narrow-body aircraft.


The airline's livery is a white fuselage with blue lettering, with a tulip on the fuselage running from the rear of the wing to the tail, and a red tail with the company logo in a white circle.

A modified logo has been introduced. The biggest change is the logo's switch from a red emblem on a white background to a white emblem on a red background.

Maintenance center

The airlines has a maintenance centre at its hub Atatürk International Airport, (IST) in Istanbul. Turkish Airlines Maintenance Center with THY Technic responsible for the maintenance, repair and overhaul of THY's aircraft, engines, and components.

Turkish Technic are to open a new engine center in SAW in partnership with Pratt & Whitney, Sabiha Gökçen International Airport. The facility will provide engine maintenance, repair and overhaul services to customers worldwide.[14]

Affinity programs

Miles & Smiles is the frequent flyer program of Turkish Airlines, started after the airline left Qualiflyer. The earned miles can be used in Turkish Airlines's flights, as well as flights on Lufthansa, including the entire Star Alliance.

Incidents and accidents

During its 75 year history, Turkish Airlines has had three accidents on its international flights, and 18 on domestic flights. They include the following:

  • On 8 March 1962, Fairchild F27 TC-KOP crashed at Taurus Mountains on approach to Adana Airport. All three crew and eight passengers on board were killed.[16]
  • On 23 December 1979, a Fokker F28 Fellowship 1000 (registration TC-JAT, named Trabzon) on a scheduled domestic flight from Samsun Airport (SSX/LTAQ) to Esenboğa Airport (ESB/LTAC) in Ankara struck a hill in Kuyumcuköy village at Çubuk, 32 km (20 mi) north-east of the destination airport in severe turbulence on approach to landing. Three of the four crew and 38 of the 41 passengers on board were killed.[22]
  • On 16 January 1983, Flight 158, a Boeing 727-2F2 (registration TC-JBR, named Afyon) landed about 50 m (160 ft) short of the runway at Ankara Esenboğa Airport (ESB/LTAC) in driving snow, broke up and caught fire. 47 passengers died, all of the seven crew and 13 passengers survived the accident with injuries.[23]
  • On 29 December 1994, Flight 278, a Boeing 737-4Y0 (registration: TC-JES, named Mersin) crashed during its final approach to land at Van Ferit Melen Airport (VAN/LTCI) in driving snow. Five of the seven crew and 52 of the 69 passengers died.
  • On 7 April 1999, Flight 5904, a Boeing 737-4Q8 (registration TC-JEP, named Trakya) on a repositioning flight crashed in Ceyhan 8 minutes after taking off from Adana Şakirpaşa Airport (ADA/LTAF). There were no passengers on board, but all six crew members died in the accident.
  • On 25 February 2009, Flight 1951 a Boeing 737-800 (registration: TC-JGE, named Tekirdağ) carrying 135 passengers, while approaching Schiphol Airport, Netherlands. Nine people died including the 3 pilots.[25] 86 passengers were transported to local hospitals. The preliminary results of the Dutch investigation found that a faulty altimeter caused the aircraft to throttle the engines back to idle and that the crew failed to react quickly enough resulting in a stall and crash. Boeing has advised operators of all 737 aircraft to carefully monitor primary flight instruments and not to engage autopilot/throttle systems during approach and landing in event of a radio altimeter malfunction [26][27][28][29][30][31].

See also


  1. ^ Note: Official ICAO allocated callsign is TURKAIR but the airline uses the unofficial callsign TURKISH
  2. ^ "Contact Us." Turkish Airlines. Retrieved on 24 June 2009.
  3. ^ ATW Daily News
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Turkish Airlines – Fleet 16 February 2010
  6. ^ Airbus – Orders, Deliveries, Operators Summary to 28th Feb 2010
  7. ^ Boeing – Orders and deliveries Customer Summary Through February 2010
  8. ^ Boeing – Boeing and Turkish Airlines Finalize Order for 20 Next-Generation 737s 8 March 2010
  9. ^ – Fleet age Turkish Airlines 18 February 2010
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 100 TC-TAY Ankara". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  16. ^ "Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 100 TC-KOP Taurus Mts". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  17. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 11 September 2009. 
  18. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 11 September 2009. 
  19. ^ "Aircraft accident Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000 TC-JAO Izmir-Cumaovası Airport (ADB)". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  20. ^ "Aircraft accident Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000 TC-JAP Istanbul-Yeşilköy Airport (IST) [Marmara Sea"]. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  21. ^ "Aircraft accident Boeing 727-2F2 TC-JBH Isparta". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 
  22. ^ "Aircraft accident Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000 TC-JAT Ankara-Esenboğa Airport (ESB)". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  23. ^
  24. ^ Aviation Safety Network report - January 8, 2003 crash
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^,,12215_cid_4074250,00.html?maca=en-en_nr-1893-xml-atom
  30. ^
  31. ^

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Turkish Airlines (Turkish: Türk Hava Yolları Anonim Ortaklığı) [1] (IATA: TK ICAO: THY)is the national carrier of Turkey. It has a route network encompassing Turkey (domestic services), Europe, the Middle East, the CIS and Asia.

Key airports

Turkish Airlines' primary hub is the Atatürk International Airport (IATA: IST) in Istanbul. Besides that, the airline has secondary hubs in Ankara airport and Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen International Airport(IATA: SAW)Sabiha Gökcen Official Web Site

  • 8 Airbus 340-311/313
  • 5 Airbus 330-203
  • 3 Airbus 310-304/203
  • 17 Airbus 321-111/231/211
  • Boeing 737, for medium haul flights

Frequent flyer program

Turkish Airlines' frequent flyer program is known as Miles & Smiles.


Turkish Airlines is a new member of the Star Alliance, having joined only last year.


Offices in:

  • Istanbul: Tel: (212) 2250556 , +90 216 585 59 30 or +90 216 585 58 50
  • London: Tel: (0) 884 800 66 66
  • New York: Tel: 1-800-8748875
  • Frankfurt: Tel: (49-69) 95517200


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