Turkish population: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Turkish population refers to the number of Turkish people in the world. Precise figures are difficult to calculate because they do not include the much larger numbers of Turks who have been born outside of Turkey or the former Ottoman lands (such as the Turkish Cypriot people), or those who have obtained nationality from the country they now live in.

Contents

Turkish population in Turkey

Turks in 2009

People identified as ethnic Turks comprise 80% of Turkey's population.[1][2] As of 2005, the population of Turkey stood at 72.6 million with a growth rate of 1.5% per annum.[3][4] The Turkish population is relatively young, with 25.5% falling within the 0–15 age bracket.[5] Population growth is expected to slow, as Turkey has a sub-replacement fertility level.

Turkey's first census of the republican era was taken in 1927 and counted a total population of about 13.6 million people. Less than seventy years later, the country's population had more than quadrupled. Between 1927 and 1945, growth was slow; in certain years during the 1930s, the population actually declined. Significant growth occurred between 1945 and 1980, when the population increased almost 2.5 times. Although the rate of growth has been slowing gradually since 1980, Turkey's average annual population increase is relatively high in comparison to that of European countries.

The Turkish Statistics Institute (TurkStat) released the results of the 2008 census, showing that Turkey's population has surpassed 71 million. According to the results, Turkey's population increased from 70,586,256 in 2007 to 71,517,100 at the end of 2008, a 1.31 percent increase.[6] The population of Turkey is expected to reach 100 million by 2050.[7][8][9]

Turkish populations by country

Country or Region Turkish citizens
(2004)[10]
Turkish citizens
(2006)[11]
Total Turkish population Total Country or Region
Population (2009)[12]
% Turkish Further information
Turkey - - 61,444,419 76,805,524 80% Demographics of Turkey
Germany 1,924,154 1,738,831 2,812,000[13] 4,000,000[14] 82,329,758 3.4%-4.8% Turks in Germany
Bulgaria - - 800,000-1,300,000[15] 7,204,687 9.4%-11.10% Turks in Bulgaria
France 341,728 423,471 500,000[16] 64,057,792 0.78% Turks in France
Iraq - - 500,000-3,000,000[17] 28,945,657 1.27%-10.3% Turks in Iraq
United Kingdom 90,000 52,893 500,000[18] 61,113,205 0.81% Turks in the United Kingdom
United States 220,000 250,000 500,000[19] 307,212,123 0.16% Turks in the United States
Netherlands 330,728 364,333 380,000[20] 16,715,999 2.3% Turks in the Netherlands
Northern Cyprus - 31,977 260,000[21][22] 264,000 98.48% Turks in Cyprus
Austria 130,703 113,635 250,000-300,000[23] 8,210,281 3%-3.65% Turks in Austria
Belgium 45,866 39,664 200,000[24][25] 10,414,336 1.92% Turks in Belgium
Saudi Arabia 100,000 120,000 200,000[26] 28,686,633 0.69% Turks in Saudi Arabia
Australia 56,261 64,500 150,000[27] 21,262,641 0.70% Turks in Australia
Greece - 48,800 150,000[28] 10,737,428 1.39% Turks in Greece
Russia 18,000 22,808 100,000[29][30] 140,041,247 0.07% Turks in Russia
Switzerland 79,470 73,861 100,000[31] 7,604,467 1.31% Turks in Switzerland
Azerbaijan 16,000 16,000 43,400-110,000[32][33] 8,832,000 0.50%-1.21% Turks in Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan 6,000 9,593 90,000-110,000[33] 15,399,437 0.58%-0.71% Turks in Kazakhstan
Macedonia - - 80,000-200,000[34] 2,066,718 3.9%-9.67% Turks in Macedonia
Libya 3,200 1,350 80,000[35] 6,173,579 1.26% Turks in Libya
Sweden 31,894 63,580 70,000[36] 9,059,651 0.77% Turks in Sweden
Denmark 31,978 54,859 60,000[37] 5,500,510 1.1% Turks in Denmark
Brazil - - 58,973[38] 198,739,269 0.03%
Romania - 12,000 55,000[39] 22,215,421 0.2% Turks in Romania
Kyrgyzstan 3,200 3,380 55,000[33] 5,431,747 1.01% Turks in Kyrgyzstan
Bosnia and Herzegovina - - 50,000[40] 4,613,414 1.08% Turks in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Canada 40,000 41,000 50,000[41] 140,000[42] 33,487,208 0.15%-0.41% Turks in Canada
Egypt - - 40,000 75,360,000 0.05% Turks in Egypt
Israel 22,000 30,000 30,000 7,233,701 0.30% Turks in Israel
Venezuela - - 28,000 26,814,843 0.10%
Kosovo - - 25,000-30,000[43] 1,804,838 1% Turks in Kosovo
Serbia - - 20,000 7,379,339 0.27% Turks in Serbia
Italy 5,284 14,124 16,255[44] 58,126,212 0.02% Turks in Italy
Norway 10,915 15,356 15,500[45] 4,660,539 0.33% Turks in Norway
Japan 2,424 6,309 10,000[46] 127,078,679 0.007% Turks in Japan
Lebanon - 7,748 10,000[47] 4,017,095 0.25% Turks in Lebanon
Uzbekistan 700 - 10,000-15,000[33] 27,606,007 0.03%-0.05% Turks in Uzbekistan
Ukraine 550 - 8,844[48] 10,000[33] 45,700,395 0.02% Turks in Ukraine
Finland 1,981 7,000 7,000 5,322,588 0.10% Turks in Finland
Qatar 1,348 - 7,000[49] 833,285 0.8% Turks in Qatar
Turkmenistan 5,000 7,000 7,000[50] 4,884,887 0.10% Turks in Turkmenistan
United Arab Emirates - 5,484 5,500 4,798,491 0.11% Turks in the United Arab Emirates
Afghanistan - 4,500 4,500 28,396,000 0.01% Turks in Afghanistan
Kuwait 1,922 3,260 3,262[51] 2,691,158 0.11% Turks in Kuwait
Mexico - - 3,100[52] 111,211,789 0.002%
Dubai - 3,000 3,000 2,262,000 0.13%
Jordan 1,600 2,500 2,500 6,342,948 0.025% Turks in Jordan
Montenegro - - 2,500[53] 672,180 0.37% Turks in Montenegro
Poland - 2,500 2,500[54] 38,482,919 0.002% Turks in Poland
Spain 1,289 - 2,500[55] 40,525,002 0.006% Turks in Spain
Syria - 2,350 unknown 20,178,485 Syrian Turkmen
Georgia 2,300 - 2,300 4,615,807 0.04% Meskhetian Turks
Ireland - - 2,000-3,000[56] 4,203,200 0.05%-0.07% Turks in Ireland
Czech Republic - - 1,700[57] 10,211,904 0.006% Turks in the Czech Republic
Hungary - - 1,700[58] 9,905,596 0.004% Turks in Hungary
Argentina - - 1,364[59] 40,913,584 0.003%
South Africa 1,100 - 1,100 49,052,489 0.002% Turks in South Africa
Chile - - 1,000[60] 16,601,707 0.005% Turks in Chile
Liechtenstein 809 - 894[61] 34,761 2.57% Turks in Liechtenstein
Morocco - - 853 34,859,364 0.002%
Uruguay - - 695[62]
New Zealand - - 600[63] 4,213,418 0.01% Turks in New Zealand
Moldova 1,000 - 464[64] 4,320,748 0.01% Turks in Moldova
Luxembourg 287 - 450[65] 480,222 0.06% Turks in Luxembourg
Tajikistan 400 - 400 7,349,145 0.005%
Cyprus - - 360[66] 796,740 0.045% Turkish cypriot
Croatia - - 300[67] 4,489,409 0.006% Turks in Croatia
Hong Kong - - 260[68] 7,055,071 0%
Slovenia - - 259[69] 2,023,358 0.01%
Portugal - - 250[70] 10,707,924 0%
Indonesia - - 250[71] 240,271,522 0%
Republic of Congo - - 228 4,012,809 0.005%
Belarus 154 - 154 9,648,533 0%
Slovakia - - 150[72] 5,463,046 0.002%
Mongolia - - 134 3,041,142 0.003%
India - - 126[73] 1,166,079,217 Turks in India
Taiwan - - 100-499 22,974,347 0.002%
Iceland - - 68[74] 306,694 0.02%
Malta 53[75] 405,165
Puerto Rico - - 44[76] 3,994,259 0.001%
Lithuania - - 35[77] 3,555,179 0%
Algeria - - 31 34,178,188 0%
Estonia - - 24[78] 1,299,371 0%
Latvia - - 9 2,231,503
Greenland - - 8[79] 57,600 0.013%
South Korea - - 8 (1991) 48,508,972 0.001%
Bahamas - - 4 309,156 0.001%
Bolivia - - 2 9,775,246 0.003%
Other unknown 35,375 unknown unknown unknown
Total 3,518,726 3,693,121
Lower bound
Upper bound

Current migration trends of Turkish workers

This table shows the destination of Turkish workers (cases dealt with the Turkish Employment Office) for 1998[10]-2006[80]:

Country or Region 1998[10] 1999[10] 2000[10] 2001[10] 2002[10] 2003[10] 2005 2006
Afghanistan - - 0 - 0 1,698 6,048 2,228
Albania - - 0 201 120 111 11 27
Algeria - - 0 - 12 160 724 1,478
Australia - - 4 5 11 4 2 0
Austria - - 1 5 2 11 23 2
Azerbaijan 276 152 214 267 668 1,049 629 632
Bahamas - - - 1 - - - -
Bahrain - - 73 - - - - -
Belgium - - 1 1 - - 0 6
Bulgaria 0 107 37 4 0 36 44 58
Canada 0 254 1 7 6 2 2 2
Croatia - - 72 86 91 309 - -
Denmark - - 3 5 5 7 1 0
Egypt - - - 1 - - 118 694
Ethiopia 80 16 - - - - - -
Finland - - - 3 - - 7 0
France 33 25 87 202 341 422 593 377
Georgia 194 150 157 65 375 357 104 9
Germany 1,734 2,350 2,135 2,437 3,367 3,366 1,074 708
Ghana - - - - - - 0 39
Greece - - 7 3 0 0 - -
Iraq - - 0 37 191 601 8,237 7,525
Iran - - - - - - 23 1
Ireland - - - 1 - - - -
Israel 1,819 1,485 1,322 3,917 342 422 417 602
Italy - - 2 2 5 2 - -
Japan 0 65 9 - - - - -
Jordan 0 20 166 203 234 268 2,241 2,239
Kazakhstan 3,145 1,524 1,790 1,290 1,102 1,532 5,775 8,627
Kosovo - - 0 - 2 0 - -
Kyrgyzstan 8 88 177 34 95 34 129 0
Kuwait - - - - 45 26 151 596
Lebanon 84 0 - - - - - -
Libya 1,032 698 385 238 1,037 2,515 986 770
Luxembourg - - 2 - - - - -
Republic of Macedonia - - - - - - 104 4
Maldives - - - - - - 49 0
Mali - - - - - - 0 73
Malta - - 3 6 10 11 - -
Mexico 0 8
Moldova 102 119 20 2 132 0 0 85
Monaco - - - - - - 0 1
Mongolia 9 25
Morocco - - 0 - 69 182 330 368
Nepal - - - - - - 85 152
Netherlands - - 1 2 131 431 - -
New Zealand - - 0 - 1 1 1 0
Northern Cyprus 234 254 159 22 1 126 49 111
Norway - - 1 - - - 1 0
Oman - - 0 - 0 4 0 58
Pakistan 192 91 63 11 - - 10 23
Panama - - 1 1 0 0 - -
Poland 7 0
Portugal - - 2 - 0 0 - -
Qatar - - 0 - 34 241 1,604 4,597
Romania 462 196 0 13 12 86 113 169
Russia 7,426 2,215 2,199 4,190 10,137 10,816 19,540 24,142
Saint Vincent - - - 1 - - - -
Saudi Arabia 6,821 5,178 1,862 4,657 6,399 6,064 6,452 19,841
Sudan - - 0 - 14 29 107 469
Sweden - - 3 5 28 42 10 9
Switzerland - - 1 1 0 0 - -
Syria - - 0 9 21 2 - -
Taiwan - - - 1 - - - -
Tajikistan - - 0 - 0 245 78 219
Tataristan - - - - 4 77 156 0
Turkmenistan 563 1,576 2,184 1,327 1,068 1,603 964 1,086
Ukraine 124 93 222 90 151 89 1,017 1,926
United Arab Emirates - - 21 - - - 1,843 1,176
United Kingdom (England) 38 23 29 19 27 12 2 1
United States 124 131 46 104 168 87 90 57
Uzbekistan 1,326 872 176 455 423 773 349 147
Yemen - - - - 0 104 9 12
Other - - - - 14 94 - -
Total 25,817 17,652 13,465 20,231 26,916 34,151 60,355 81,379

Flags used by Turkish people

See also

References and notes

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  7. ^ Voice of Turks
  8. ^ KobiFinans: Will France Replace Germany in 2050?
  9. ^ The Chronicle Herald: 100-million people club
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Council of Europe 2007, 130-131.
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  13. ^ Berlin-Institut 2009, 26.
  14. ^ Zouboulis 2003, 55.
  15. ^ Karpat 2002, 424.
  16. ^ Hunter 2002, 6.
  17. ^ Park 2005, 36.
  18. ^ Federation of Turkish Associations UK 2008, 1.
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  24. ^ King Baudouin Foundation 2008, 5.
  25. ^ Kaya & Kentel 2007, 27.
  26. ^ Karpat 2004, 12.
  27. ^ Consulate General of Turkey, Sydney, Australia. "Consul General's Message". http://www.sydney.cg.mfa.gov.tr/AmbassadorsMessage.aspx. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  28. ^ Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Turkish Minority of Western Thrace". http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkish-minority-of-western-thrace.en.mfa. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  29. ^ Centre For Russian Studies. "2002 Nationality report". http://www2.nupi.no/cgi-win//Russland/etnisk.exe?total. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  30. ^ Демоскоп Weekly. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года.". http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus_nac_02.php. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  31. ^ The Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation. "Bilateral relations between Switzerland and Turkey". http://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/en/home/reps/eur/vtur/biltur.html. Retrieved 2008-12-16. 
  32. ^ Source: The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan
  33. ^ a b c d e Council of Europe 2006, 23.
  34. ^ Oustinova-Stjepanovic 2008, 1.
  35. ^ Harzig, Juteau & Schmitt 2006, 67.
  36. ^ DR Online. "Tyrkisk afstand fra Islamisk Trossamfund". http://www.dr.dk/Nyheder/Indland/2008/02/21/071316.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
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  38. ^ James 2007, 282.
  39. ^ Phinnemore 2006, 157.
  40. ^ Ethnologue. "Languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina". http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=BA. Retrieved 2009-09-19. 
  41. ^ The Federation of Canadian Turkish Associations. "Purpose". http://www.canturkfed.net/en/home_en.html. Retrieved 2009-02-23. 
  42. ^ The Federation of Canadian Turkish Associations. "Kanada-Türk Toplumu İstatistikleri". http://www.canturkfed.net/tr/kanadaTurk_toplum_tr.html. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  43. ^ Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Turkey's Political Relations with Kosovo". http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey_s-political-relations-with-kosovo.en.mfa. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  44. ^ Statistiche Demografiche ISTAT. "Resident Population by sex and citizenship (Middle-East Europe)". http://demo.istat.it/str2008/index_e.html. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  45. ^ Statistics Norway. "Immigrant population". http://www.ssb.no/innvbef_en/tab-2009-04-30-01-en.html. Retrieved 2009-04-04. 
  46. ^ "Japonya Türk Toplumu (Turkish Community of Japan)" (in Turkish). Embassy of Turkey in Japan. http://www.turkey.jp/tr/konsoloslukjaptoplum.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  47. ^ "Turkish migrants grieve for Beirut from exile". Today's Zaman. http://www.todayszaman.com/tz-web/detaylar.do?load=detay&link=142491. Retrieved 2008-09-29. 
  48. ^ State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. "The distribution of the population by nationality and mother tongue". http://www.ukrcensus.gov.ua/eng/results/nationality_population/nationality_1/s5/?botton=cens_db&box=5.1W&k_t=00&p=100&rz=1_1&rz_b=2_1%20%20%20%20%20%20%20&n_page=6. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  49. ^ Turkish Embassy, Doha, Qatar. "Ambassador's Message". http://doha.emb.mfa.gov.tr/AmbassadorsMessage.aspx. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  50. ^ Çalışma ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı. "Türkmenistan". http://www.diyih.gov.tr/article.php?article_id=69. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
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  52. ^ CONAPO. "CONAPO (2005) census". http://www.conapo.gob.mx/. Retrieved 2008-10-29. further information on Immigration to Mexico
  53. ^ Internet Library Of Serb Culture. "The Ethnic Structure of the Population in Montenegro". http://www.rastko.org.rs/istorija/srbi-balkan/vrudic-montenegro.html. Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  54. ^ Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Turkey's Political Relations with Poland". http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey_s-political-relations-with-poland.en.mfa. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  55. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística. "Instituto Nacional de Estadística: Population (Spaniards/Foreigners) by Country of birth, Sex and Year". http://www.ine.es/jaxi/tabla.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t20/e245/p08/l1/&file=01006.px. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  56. ^ Lacey 2007, 2.
  57. ^ Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Turkey's Political Relations with Czech Republic". http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey_s-political-relations-with-czech-republic.en.mfa. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  58. ^ Rep. of Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Turkey's Political Relations with Hungary". http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey_s-political-relations-with-hungary.en.mfa. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
  59. ^ CELADE-Division de Poblacion. "TURQUÍA: (Nacimiento): Argentina 2001". http://www.eclac.org/migracion/imila/seleccion.asp?parametro=TURQUÍA. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  60. ^ Embassy of Chile in Turkey (15 May 2008 Cnn Turk tv program, Turks in Chile.)
  61. ^ Fürstentum Liechtenstein 2007, 6.
  62. ^ CELADE-Division de Poblacion. "TURQUÍA: (Nacimiento)". http://www.eclac.cl/migracion/imila/seleccion.asp?parametro=TURQUÍA. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
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  65. ^ du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. "Etat civil et population du Luxembourg: Ventilation par nationalité du répertoire". http://www.ecp.public.lu/repertoire/stats/. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  66. ^ 2001 census, in the Cypriot government-controlled area.
  67. ^ Croatian census 2001. "POPULATION BY ETHNICITY, BY TOWNS/MUNICIPALITIES, CENSUS 2001". http://www.dzs.hr/Eng/censuses/Census2001/Popis/E01_02_02/E01_02_02.html. Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
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  71. ^ Turkish Embassy-Jakarta, Indonesia. "Turkish –Indonesian Economic and Commercial Relations". http://jakarta.emb.mfa.gov.tr/ShowInfoNotes.aspx?ID=565. Retrieved 2009-10-24. 
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  75. ^ Amore 2005, 15.
  76. ^ US Census Bureau. "Puerto Rico Ancestry:2000". http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/QTTable?-geo_id=04000US72&-qr_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U_QTP13&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U. Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
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  81. ^ CRW Flags
  82. ^ DW World; Deutsche Welle
  83. ^ Khorasan Turks

Bibliography

External links

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