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Turkmen rug: Wikis


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The Teke design Turkmen carpet. This pattern is often referred to as the "Bukhara" print design.

A Turkmen rug (or Turkmen carpet) is a type of hand-made floor-covering textile traditionally originating in Central Asia (especially in Turkmenistan and Afghanistan). Such rugs are now mainly produced in, and sold from, Pakistan and Iran. The intricate designs of these rugs derive mainly from various Turkmen tribes, such as the Yomut, Ersari, Saryk, Salor, and Tekke. Various vegetable and other natural dyes are used to produce the rich colors. Many patterns and colors are used, but the traditional and most typical is that of the octagonal elephant's foot (Bukhara) print, often with a red or tan background (picture). The Turkmen Carpet Museum is located in Ashgabat.


"Bukhara rug"

"Bukhara rug" (Uzbek: Bukhoro) — also spelled "Bokhara" — is a term widely, though erroneously, used in the West to refer to carpets and rugs made by various Turkmen tribes of Central Asia, such as Hatchlu and Ersari rugs. During the early 1900s, the name of Bukhara, a city in Uzbekistan, was applied to these rugs. In fact, few Turkmen live in or around Bukhara, which has a population made up principally of Tajiks and Uzbeks. The city did serve as a transit point for some Turkmen rugs on their way to the West (especially those of the Ersari tribe). The city of Bukhara is well-known for its production of the embroidered Tajik textiles known as suzanis.


Approximately 97% of the Turkmen rugs has been transacted under other countries' names like Iran and Pakistan. However, Afghan businessmen or traders with the help from the government of Afghanistan are seeking ways to end this. Many Afghan carpet weavers work in neighbooring Pakistan in that country's carpet industry where they have successfully incorporated their designs as well as using Pakistani enhanced wool. Afghan products are beginning to regain its popularity today. Afghan businessmen in the United States received more than one million US dollar demands for further quality handicraft mat after all their rugs put for display were sold out. In early 2008 the Afghan carpets were put for display in another international exhibition in Germany, out of 1442 carpet producers from 80 countries across the globe Afghan carpet won the first position in the competition.[1] Afghan carpets are known to be expensive, but are extremely durable and gain more value as they get older.

See also

Turkmen Ersari main carpet, mid-19th century
Bokhara suzani, circa 1800




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