Turmeric: Wikis

  
  
  

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Turmeric
Curcuma longa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Curcuma
Species: C. longa
Binomial name
Curcuma longa
Linnaeus[1]
.Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.^ Turmeric Turmeric (Curcuma longa Linn.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC tkoh.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Bearing the Botanical names Curcuma longa Linn, Curcuma domestica Val and, Curcuma aromatica Linn and the Family name Zingiberaceae, turmeric (Curcuma longa) is defined as a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family, by the latter name.

^ Turmeric comes from the ginger family.
  • Turmeric - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

[2] .It is native to tropical South Asia and needs temperatures between 20°C and 30°C, and a considerable amount of annual rainfall to thrive (Materia Indica, 1826, Whitelaw Ainslie, M.D. M.R.A.S., via Google Books).^ Turmeric or the "turmeric plant" is a plant native to the tropical parts of South Asia.
  • Health Benefits of Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ It needs warm tropical temperatures and plenty of rainfall to thrive.
  • Turmeric Root Extract Recipes Heath Benefits Arthritis:Curcuma longa L. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.anniesremedy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It needs temperatures between 20 and 30 deg.
  • Turmeric - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

.Plants are gathered annually for their rhizomes, and re-seeded from some of those rhizomes in the following season.^ Plants are gathered annually for their rhizomes, and re-seeded from some of those rhizomes in the following season.
  • Turmeric - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric (Curcuma domestica) is an erect perennial plant that is grown as an annual crop for its rhizome.
  • Turmeric (Practical Action Brief) - Appropedia: The sustainability wiki 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.appropedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fingers and other rhizomes are separated in ridge planting crop can be harvested by ploughing and then the rhizomes are gathered.

.The rhizomes are boiled for several hours and then dried in hot ovens, after which they are ground into a deep orange-yellow powder commonly used as a spice in curries and other South Asian and Middle Eastern cuisine, for dyeing, and to impart color to mustard condiments.^ It's best known as the spice that gives curry powder its distinctive color.
  • Turmeric Root | Buy certified organic Turmeric Root from Simply Organic. Healthy, Organic Food from Simply Organic 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.simplyorganicfoods.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turmeric is an orange-yellow spice that's commonly used to make curries.

^ Turmeric is used in curry powder and as a spice on its own.

.Its active ingredient is curcumin and it has a distinctly earthy, slightly bitter, slightly hot peppery flavor and a mustardy smell.^ The plant`s most sensed ingredient is curcumin and it owns an earthy, bitter, peppery flavour, accompanied by a `mustardy` smell.

^ Its active ingredient is called curcumin .

^ Only 50mg of Active Ingredient Curcumin .
  • Turmeric - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

.In medieval Europe, turmeric became known as Indian Saffron, since it was widely used as an alternative to the far more expensive saffron spice.^ A. Turmeric has been used as a spice in Indian cooking for centuries.

^ Turmeric , Curcuma, Indian saffron .
  • Turmeric Root Extract Recipes Heath Benefits Arthritis:Curcuma longa L. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.anniesremedy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turmeric is an essential spice in Indian cuisine.

.Erode, a city in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is the world's largest producer and most important trading center of turmeric in Asia.^ Sangli, a town in the southern part of the Indian state of Maharashtra, is the largest and most important trading center for Turmeric in Asia and perhaps in the entire world.
  • Turmeric 500mg (100 capsules) Dr. Clark Store 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC drclarkstore.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Self Health Resource Center - April 2007 Newsletter 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC site.drclarkstore.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only India is the largest producer of turmeric in the world but also largest consumer.
  • http://www.nmce.com/commodityStudy/Turmeric.jsp 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.nmce.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other producers are Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • Dry Turmeric,Indian Whole Spices,Dry Turmeric Manufacturers,Indian Whole Spices Suppliers,India 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.sunrise.in [Source type: Reference]

.For these reasons, Erode in history is also known as "Yellow City"[citation needed] or "Turmeric City"[citation needed].^ History: Turmeric (also known as Curcumin) is an herbaceous perennial that is a native of India and southern and eastern Asia.
  • Turmeric Root Herbal Extract from Herbal Extracts Plus 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.herbalextractsplus.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric (also known as curcumin), the bright yellow root used for centuries as a cooking spice, is also a potent medicinal herb.

^ Turmeric Extract , Standardized to 95% Curcumin Turmeric powder, a bright yellow spice from the rhizome of the Curcuma longa plant, has a long history of traditional Ayurvedic usage.
  • Turmeric Extract 95% Curcumin 50 tabs from Source Naturals 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.vitasprings.com [Source type: General]

.Sangli, a town in the southern part of the Indian western state of Maharashtra, is the second largest and most important trading center for turmeric in Asia.^ Its active ingredient is curcumin and it has an earthy, bitter, peppery flavor and has a mustardy smell Sangli, a town in the southern part of the Indian state of Maharashtra, is the largest and most important trading centre for turmeric in Asia or perhaps in the entire world.

^ Sangli, a town in the southern part of the Indian state of Maharashtra, is the largest and most important trading center for Turmeric in Asia and perhaps in the entire world.
  • Turmeric 500mg (100 capsules) Dr. Clark Store 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC drclarkstore.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Self Health Resource Center - April 2007 Newsletter 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC site.drclarkstore.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turmeric in kitchen: Turmeric is the most important ingredient in Indian dishes.
  • Aayi’s Recipes » Richness of turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.aayisrecipes.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Nomenclature and taxonomy

.Kingdom | Plantae (plants), Phylum | Magnoliophyta (flowering plants), Class | Liliopsida (monoctyledons), Order | Zingiberales (gingers, bananas, birds-of-paradise, heliconias, costus, cannas, prayer plants, arrowroots, ...^ Turmeric ( Curcuma longa ), a flowering plant in the ginger family, is widely used as a food coloring and is one of the principal ingredients in curry powder.
  • Turmeric - Good Earth Natural Foods 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.goodearthnaturalfoods.net [Source type: Academic]
  • Clinica de Alternativo Medicina Health & Wellness Center 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC alternativomedicina.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Medicinal properties of Turmeric and Cayenne Pepper | Trado 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC trado.info [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A relative of ginger, turmeric is a perennial plant that grows 5 - 6 feet high in the tropical regions of Southern Asia, with trumpet-shaped, dull yellow flowers.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.umm.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Turmeric - Alternative Medicine Report 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.qualityhealth.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric: Encyclopedia - Zingiberales Cannaceae Costaceae Heliconiaceae Lowiaceae Marantaceae Musaceae Strelitziaceae Zingiberaceae The Zingiberales are an order of monocots, including familiar plants like bananas and ginger.

), Family | Zingiberaceae (ginger family), Genus | Curcuma (curcuma), Species | Curcuma longa (common turmeric),

Usage

Culinary uses

Turmeric powder is used extensively in South Asian cuisine.
Commercially packaged turmeric powder
.Turmeric grows wild in the forests of Southeast Asia.^ Turmeric is an extract derived from the root and rhizomes of Curcuma longa, a tropical plant native to India and southeast Asia.

^ Turmeric is largely cultivated in India, Southeast Asia, China and the Middle East.
  • Turmeric - CopperWiki 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.copperwiki.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A relative of ginger, turmeric is a perennial plant that grows 5 - 6 feet high in the tropical regions of Southern Asia, with trumpet-shaped, dull yellow flowers.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.umm.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Turmeric - Alternative Medicine Report 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.qualityhealth.com [Source type: Academic]

.It has become the key ingredient for many Indian, Persian, Thai and Malay dishes, not only in curry, but also in masak lemak, rendang and many more.^ The seasoning is an important ingredient in Indian curries.

^ Turmeric plays an important role in Indian culture- it is an essential ingredient of curry, used in religious festivals, as a cosmetic, a cloth dye and in many traditional health remedies.
  • Turmeric (Practical Action Brief) - Appropedia: The sustainability wiki 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.appropedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turmeric comes from the root of the Curcuma longa plant, which is native to Indonesia and southern India, and is widely used as an ingredient in curry dishes and yellow mustard.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC altmedsales.com [Source type: Academic]

.Although most usage of Turmeric is in the form of powder from the roots, not merely for color but in case of Indian cuisine more for the medicinal value, in some regions (especially in Maharashtra) leaves of turmeric are used to wrap and cook food especially when on picnic in a field but really at homes as well.^ It is extensively used in preparations of food, especially the Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine.

^ A. Turmeric has been used as a spice in Indian cooking for centuries.

^ It can be used to improve the flavor of most dishes, especially slow-cooked dishes.
  • turmeric « FOX News Health Blog « FOXNews.com 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC health.blogs.foxnews.com [Source type: General]

.This usually takes place around where turmeric grown, since the leaves are used freshly picked.^ Turmeric has multifarious uses and is used in different places differently.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.herbs2000.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reply Since reading of the benefits of using turmeric, I have been adding it to rice (gives it a lovely golden colour), soups, & sauces.
  • Turmeric and Curcumin for Arthritis Home Remedy - The People's Pharmacy® 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.peoplespharmacy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The roots and rhizomes traditionally used include turmeric, prai (closely related to ginger), lemongrass, bergamot lime, leaves of the camphor tree and the tamarind tree, among others.
  • Turmeric (Curcumin) Anti-Cancer, Anti Gynecomastia 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.psa-rising.com [Source type: Academic]

.This imparts a distinct flavor but has medicinal value as well.^ Turmeric powder, which has a distinctive deep yellow color and bitter taste, is used as a dye, a cooking ingredient, and a litmus in a chemical test, and has medicinal uses as well.
  • TED Case Study: Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www1.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 20th, 2009 Herb is a plant that is valued for its medicinal quality or flavor or the natural scent it possesses.

.In non-South Asian recipes, turmeric is sometimes used as an agent to impart a rich, custard-like yellow color.^ Turmeric imparts a rich, ochre yellow to anything it is added to.
  • Turmeric: The spice-and-dye | Bay Area Bites 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC blogs.kqed.org [Source type: General]

^ Aayi’s Recipes » Richness of turmeric .
  • Aayi’s Recipes » Richness of turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.aayisrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ In combination with annatto (E160b), turmeric has been used to color cheeses, yogurt, dry mixes, salad dressings, winter butter and margarine.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

.It is used in canned beverages and baked products, dairy products, ice cream, yogurt, yellow cakes, orange juice, biscuits, popcorn color, sweets, cake icings, cereals, sauces, gelatins, etc.^ It has been coded as food additive “E100” in canned beverages, baked products, dairy, ice cream, yogurts, yellow cakes, biscuits, popcorn, sweets, cake icing, cereal, sauces, gelatins, and also direct compression tablets.
  • Turmeric: “The Golden Goddess” (by Lisa Gallant C.A.S) | CA College of Ayurveda :: Ayurveda School 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.ayurvedacollege.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric is used in canned beverages, baked products, dairy products, ice cream, yogurts, yellow cakes, biscuits, popcorn-color, sweets, cake icings, cereals, sauces, gelatines, direct compression tablets, cheeses, dry mixes, salad dressings, winter butter and margarine.
  • Recipes India - Turmeric - NewKerala Recipes, Cooking Tips 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.newkerala.com [Source type: News]

^ It has found application in dairy products, yogurts, biscuits, baked products, sweets, ice cream,cake icings, canned beverages,cereals, sauces, popcorn-color, gelatin, direct compression tablets, yellow cakes, etc.
  • Dry Turmeric,Indian Whole Spices,Dry Turmeric Manufacturers,Indian Whole Spices Suppliers,India 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.sunrise.in [Source type: Reference]

.September 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] It is a significant ingredient in most commercial curry powders.^ Since antiquity this spice is a significant ingredient in the curry powders.
  • Dry Turmeric,Indian Whole Spices,Dry Turmeric Manufacturers,Indian Whole Spices Suppliers,India 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.sunrise.in [Source type: Reference]

^ It is also the principal ingredient in curry powder.
  • Self Health Resource Center - April 2007 Newsletter 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC site.drclarkstore.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a significant ingredient in most commercial curry powders.

.Turmeric is mostly used in savory dishes, as well as some sweet dishes such as the cake Sfouf.^ Turmeric is used to color and flavor prepared mustard, pickles, relish, chutneys, and ricedishes as well as butter and cheese.
  • Turmeric - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ Turmeric is also used to add color to foods such as butter, margarine, and cheese, to tint cotton, silk, paper, wood and cosmetics, as a food preservative, and to make pickles.
  • Self Health Resource Center - April 2007 Newsletter 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC site.drclarkstore.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turmeric comes from the root of the Curcuma longa plant, which is native to Indonesia and southern India, and is widely used as an ingredient in curry dishes and yellow mustard.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC altmedsales.com [Source type: Academic]

.Although usually used in its dried, powdered form, turmeric is also used fresh, much like ginger.^ The processed forms of turmeric exported are dry turmeric, fresh turmeric, turmeric powder and oleoresin.
  • Turmeric,Indian Commodity, Turmeric Commodity,Agro Product,commodity exchanges, derivatives, future contracts, Commodity Price in Mumbai, Indian Commodity Market, Commodity Price Updates 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC finance.indiamart.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turmeric can be taken in powder or pill form.

^ Turmeric is a plant that looks in appearance much like the ginger plant.

.It has numerous uses in Far Eastern recipes, such as fresh turmeric pickle (which contains large chunks of soft turmeric).^ Turmeric has a long history of use in eastern ...
  • Curcumin - Highest amount per capsule and per bottle 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.turmeric-curcumin.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric is used to color and flavor prepared mustard, pickles, relish, chutneys, and ricedishes as well as butter and cheese.
  • Turmeric - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ Today, it is frequently used to impart a golden color to rice dishes, sauces, soups, stews, homemade canning and pickling recipes, relishes, and condiments.
  • Turmeric - Food Reference: Turmeric - Description, usage, etc. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.foodreference.com [Source type: General]

.Turmeric (coded as E100 when used as a food additive) [3] is used to protect food products from sunlight.^ Turmeric (coded as E100 when used as a food additive) is used to protect food products from sunlight.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric has traditionally been used as a food preservative.
  • JYI.org :: Bioprotective properties of TurmericAn investigation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.jyi.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric is also used in the production of sunscreens.
  • The Magic of Turmeric by Ramesh Menon 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.boloji.com [Source type: Academic]

.The oleoresin is used for oil-containing products.^ The oleoresin is used for oil-containing products.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ The curcumin/polysorbate solution or curcumin powder dissolved in alcohol is used for water containing products.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Curcuminoids and turmeric essential oil are both contained in turmeric oleoresin, and both of these fractions have hypoglycemic effects.
  • Research Update:Curcumae Longae.Curcuma longa.Turmeric Root or Curcuma Root,Phytochemicals and Applications.Turmeric extract,Curcuma Root Extract.10:1.Curcumae Longae,Turmeric powder,Turmeric Rhizome.aqueous turmeric extract,Alcoholic turmeric extract,Curcumin,Turmeric extract in water; Turmeric extract in alcohol,whole extract of turmeric root,tumeric extract.Narrative.MDidea Extracts Professional. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.mdidea.com [Source type: Academic]

.The curcumin/polysorbate solution or curcumin powder dissolved in alcohol is used for water-containing products.^ Turmeric powder contains 3 percent to 5 percent curcumin.

^ The curcumin/polysorbate solution or curcumin powder dissolved in alcohol is used for water containing products.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ The oleoresin is used for oil-containing products.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

.Over-coloring, such as in pickles, relishes, and mustard, is sometimes used to compensate for fading.^ It is used in many pickling and relish formulas.

^ It is also used in mustard and to color butter and cheese.
  • Mission, Asheville, NC - Turmeric. Overview: Turmeric (Curcuma longa) has ... 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.missionhospitals.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It is also used in mustard, pickles for compensating fading color.
  • Dry Turmeric,Indian Whole Spices,Dry Turmeric Manufacturers,Indian Whole Spices Suppliers,India 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.sunrise.in [Source type: Reference]

.In combination with annatto (E160b), turmeric has been used to color cheeses, yogurt, dry mixes, salad dressings, winter butter and margarine.^ In combination with Annatto (E160b) it has been used to color cheeses, dry mixes, salad dressings, winter butter and margarine.
  • Dry Turmeric,Indian Whole Spices,Dry Turmeric Manufacturers,Indian Whole Spices Suppliers,India 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.sunrise.in [Source type: Reference]

^ It is also used in mustard and to color butter and cheese.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.umm.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Mission, Asheville, NC - Turmeric. Overview: Turmeric (Curcuma longa) has ... 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.missionhospitals.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Turmeric - Alternative Medicine Report 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.qualityhealth.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In combination with annatto (E160b), turmeric has been used to color cheeses, yogurt, dry mixes, salad dressings, winter butter and margarine.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

.Turmeric is also used to give a yellow color to some prepared mustards, canned chicken broths and other foods (often as a much cheaper replacement for saffron).^ Turmeric has also been used as a dye for mustards, canned chicken broth, and pickles.
  • Turmeric: “The Golden Goddess” (by Lisa Gallant C.A.S) | CA College of Ayurveda :: Ayurveda School 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.ayurvedacollege.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Curcumin is the natural pigment that gives the spice turmeric its yellow color.

^ It is gold or yellow and gives the food a vibrant color.
  • Curcumin - Highest amount per capsule and per bottle 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.turmeric-curcumin.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Curcumin - Highest amount per capsule and per bottle 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC turmericcurcumin.com [Source type: Academic]

.Turmeric is widely used as a spice in South Asian and Middle Eastern cooking.^ A. Turmeric has been used as a spice in Indian cooking for centuries.

^ I do use turmeric in my daily cooking.
  • Aayi’s Recipes » Richness of turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.aayisrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ Turmeric has a long history of use in eastern ...
  • Curcumin - Highest amount per capsule and per bottle 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.turmeric-curcumin.com [Source type: Academic]

.Many Persian dishes use Turmeric, for the coloring of rice bottoms as well as as a starter ingredient for almost all Iranian fry ups (which typically consist of oil, onions and turmeric followed by any other ingredients that are to be included).^ Well, curcumin is an ingredient in turmeric.
  • Curcumin - Highest amount per capsule and per bottle 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.turmeric-curcumin.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Curcumin - Highest amount per capsule and per bottle 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC turmericcurcumin.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Indians and Chinese have many other uses of turmeric.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.herbs2000.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is used to color as well as flavor prepared pickles, relish, chutneys and rice dishes.
  • Turmeric Health Benefits - Turmeric Haldi Spice - Benefits Of Turmeric - Use Of Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.indianfoodforever.com [Source type: General]

.In Nepal, turmeric is widely grown and is extensively used in almost every vegetable and meat dish in the country for its color as well as for its medicinal value.^ Turmeric is also used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine.
  • Herbal Medicine: Tumeric root 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC cms.herbalgram.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric as medicine: Turmeric is full of medicinal values.
  • Aayi’s Recipes » Richness of turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.aayisrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ But the root of turmeric is also used widely to make medicine.
  • TURMERIC: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions and Warnings - WebMD 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.webmd.com [Source type: Academic]

.In South Africa turmeric is traditionally used to give boiled white rice a golden color.^ Curcumin is the part of turmeric that gives curry food its golden color.

^ Uses: 1) Kitchen Use Turmeric is used as coloring agent.
  • Turmeric Health Benefits - Turmeric Haldi Spice - Benefits Of Turmeric - Use Of Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.indianfoodforever.com [Source type: General]

^ Turmeric has traditionally been used as a food preservative.
  • JYI.org :: Bioprotective properties of TurmericAn investigation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.jyi.org [Source type: Academic]

Uses in folk medicine

Turmeric plant
.In Ayurvedic practices, turmeric has many medicinal properties and many in South Asia use it as a readily available antiseptic for cuts, burns and bruises.^ Turmeric has a long history of medicinal use in South Asia and was widely used in Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani systems.
  • The effect of curcumin (turmeric) on Alzheimer's disease: An overview Mishra S, Palanivelu K - Ann Indian Acad Neurol 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.annalsofian.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine, turmeric has been used to tone the liver.
  • Turmeric and Curcumin: MedlinePlus Supplements 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ AYURVEDIC USES Turmeric is a very important herb in Ayurvedic medicine.
  • Turmeric 500mg (100 capsules) Dr. Clark Store 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC drclarkstore.com [Source type: Academic]

.It is also used as an antibacterial agent.^ It is also used as an antibacterial agent.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ It is a natural antiseptic and antibacterial agent, useful in disinfecting cuts and burns.

.It is taken in some Asian countries as a dietary supplement, which allegedly helps with stomach problems and other ailments.^ India (largest exporter of spices) Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries Various Pacific islands Central and Latin American countries Taiwan Top importers: .
  • TED Case Study: Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www1.american.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Various ailments including stomach problems, liver diseases, kidney and bladder inflammation, infections, and swelling have been treated with this flowering plant.

^ Interactions with Herbs and Dietary Supplements Based on animal studies, turmeric may increase the risk of bleeding when taken with herbs and supplements that are believed to increase the risk of bleeding.
  • Turmeric and Curcumin: MedlinePlus Supplements 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC tkoh.org [Source type: Academic]

.It is popular as a tea in Okinawa, Japan.^ It is popular as a tea in Okinawa, Japan.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

.Pakistanis also use it as an anti-inflammatory agent, and remedy for gastrointestinal discomfort associated with irritable bowel syndrome, and other digestive disorders.^ Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) .
  • Turmeric and Curcumin: MedlinePlus Supplements 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Would it be effective when used alone or with other anti inflammatory drugs?
  • The effect of curcumin (turmeric) on Alzheimer's disease: An overview Mishra S, Palanivelu K - Ann Indian Acad Neurol 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.annalsofian.org [Source type: Academic]

^ It is used as an anti-inflammatory agent .

.In Afghanistan and northwest Pakistan, turmeric is applied to a piece of burnt cloth, and placed over a wound to cleanse and stimulate recovery.^ Spread the powder of turmeric and cardamom on a piece of cloth, roll it, dip it in ghee, light, put off the fire and inhale the smoke to alleviate migraine.

^ Turmeric paste is applied to bride and groom before marriage in some places of India and Pakistan, where it is believed turmeric gives glow to skin and keeps some harmful bacteria away from the body.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ You can add 1 tablespoon of turmeric powder in place of the turmeric piece.
  • Turmeric Beauty Tips: Face Masks, Skin Balms and Turmeric Milk Recipes | Green Diva Mom 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.greendivamom.com [Source type: General]

.Indians, in addition to its Ayurvedic properties, use turmeric in a wide variety of skin creams that are also exported to neighboring countries.^ Turmeric was one of the most widely used.

^ Turmeric is a spice used in Indian cooking.
  • Turmeric kills cancer cells, news article | Cancer Survivors Network 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC csn.cancer.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In traditional Indian Ayurvedic medicine, turmeric has been used to tone the liver.
  • Turmeric and Curcumin: MedlinePlus Supplements 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

Preliminary medical research

.Turmeric is currently being investigated for possible benefits in Alzheimer's disease,[4] cancer, arthritis, and other clinical disorders.^ Turmeric is also being researched as a preventative for heart failure , as well as for Alzheimer’s among other diseases .
  • Amazing, Intriguing Health Benefits of Turmeric : Eat. Drink. Better. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC eatdrinkbetter.com [Source type: General]

^ It is currently being investigated for possible benefits in Alzheimer's disease, cancer and liver disorders.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Other health benefit effect is treating of Alzheimer disease.

[5]
Turmeric rhizome
.In the latter half of the 20th century, curcumin was identified as responsible for most of the biological effects of turmeric.^ Curcumin is the substance that is responsible for the biological activity of turmeric.
  • Turmeric: “The Golden Goddess” (by Lisa Gallant C.A.S) | CA College of Ayurveda :: Ayurveda School 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.ayurvedacollege.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Curcumin is now extracted from turmeric, sold as supplements, and is the basis of most scientific research.
  • Turmeric: “The Golden Goddess” (by Lisa Gallant C.A.S) | CA College of Ayurveda :: Ayurveda School 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.ayurvedacollege.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But one thing is certain: most doctors are not, at this time, aware of the potential benefits of curcumin and turmeric.
  • Curcumin and Turmeric supplements health benefits, side effects 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.curcuminturmeric.net [Source type: Academic]

.According to a 2005 article in the Wall Street Journal, research activity into curcumin and turmeric is increasing, with supplement sales increased 35% from 2004. The U.S. National Institutes of Health currently has registered 19 clinical trials underway to study use of dietary turmeric and curcumin for a variety of clinical disorders (dated February 2010).^ Many of the studies mentioned in this article used curcumin rather than turmeric.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC healthlibrary.epnet.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Turmeric | ThirdAge Articles 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.thirdage.com [Source type: Academic]
  • St. David's HealthCare - Health Information - Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC stdavids.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Turmeric - Content Viewer 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.svmh.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Saint Francis Breast Health Services - 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.saintfrancis.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Turmeric | Lifescript.com 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Health Information Details 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.ridgeviewmedical.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The same dosages are applicable when turmeric is used as a dietary supplement.
  • Turmeric for treating skin disorders - Patent 5897865 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Research articles, journal abstracts and clinical trials from universities and medical centers studying Curcumin and Turmeric .
  • Curcumin - Highest amount per capsule and per bottle 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.turmeric-curcumin.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Curcumin - Highest amount per capsule and per bottle 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC turmericcurcumin.com [Source type: Academic]

[6]

Cosmetics

.Turmeric is currently used in the formulation of some sunscreens[citation needed].^ Turmeric: Encyclopedia II - Turmeric - Cosmetics Turmeric is currently used in the formulation of some sun screens.

^ It is also used in the formulation of some sun screens .

^ Curcummin from turmeric, as well as other substances in this herb, have antioxidant properties, which some claim may be as strong as vitamins C and E. It is currently used in the formulation of various sun screen, fairness creams and lotions.
  • Dry Turmeric,Indian Whole Spices,Dry Turmeric Manufacturers,Indian Whole Spices Suppliers,India 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.sunrise.in [Source type: Reference]

.Turmeric paste is used by some Indian women to keep them free of superfluous hair.^ Turmeric paste is used by some Indian women to keep them free of superfluous hair.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ The paste is also used in Indian medicine for snakebites.

^ Turmeric paste is used by Indian women to keep them free of superfluous hair.

.Turmeric paste is applied to bride and groom before marriage in some places of India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, where it is believed turmeric gives glow to skin and keeps some harmful bacteria away from the body.^ Applying of turmeric paste on the skin gives it a glowing look.

^ The turmeric paste is applied for curing of skin ailments.

^ An ointment made from turmeric can be applied to the skin.

.The government of Thailand is funding a project to extract and isolate tetrahydrocurcuminoids (THC) from turmeric.^ The Government of Thailand is funding a project to extract and isolate tetrahydrocurcuminoids (THC) from turmeric.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.experiencefestival.com [Source type: General]
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ More recently, an antioxidant protein has been isolated from the aqueous extract of turmeric (Selvam et al., 1995).
  • Herbal Medicine: Tumeric root 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC cms.herbalgram.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The turmeric anti-oxidant protein (TAP) had been isolated from the aqueous extract of turmeric.
  • Curcuma Longa, Turmeric, Haldi is a very important herb in Ayurvedic medicine 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.satveda.com [Source type: Academic]

.THCs are colorless compounds that might have antioxidant and skin-lightening properties and might be used to treat skin inflammations, making these compounds useful in cosmetics formulations.^ THC are colorless compounds that might have antioxidant and skin lightening properties and might be used to treat skin inflammations, making these compo ...

^ The anti-oxidant properties helps to lighten the skin and also used for treating skin inflammations.
  • Dry Turmeric,Indian Whole Spices,Dry Turmeric Manufacturers,Indian Whole Spices Suppliers,India 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.sunrise.in [Source type: Reference]

^ Turmeric is also used to add color to foods such as butter, margarine, and cheese, to tint cotton, silk, paper, wood and cosmetics, as a food preservative, and to make pickles.
  • Self Health Resource Center - April 2007 Newsletter 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC site.drclarkstore.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Dye

Inflorescence in Goa, India.
.Turmeric makes a poor fabric dye as it is not very lightfast (the degree to which a dye resists fading due to light exposure).^ It makes a poor fabric dye as it is not very lightfast.

^ Turmeric makes a poor fabric dye as it is not very lightfast (the degree to which a dye resists fading due to light exposure).
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric is used for dyeing wool and cotton fabrics.
  • Indian Institute of Spices Research 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.spices.res.in [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, turmeric is commonly used in Indian clothing, such as saris.^ Turmeric is also used to add color to foods such as butter, margarine, and cheese, to tint cotton, silk, paper, wood and cosmetics, as a food preservative, and to make pickles.
  • Self Health Resource Center - April 2007 Newsletter 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC site.drclarkstore.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In medieval Europe, turmeric became known as Indian Saffron, since it was widely used as an alternative to the far more expensive saffron spice.
  • Turmeric - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ Curry powder which is extensively used in Indian cuisine, is largely made of turmeric and other spices such as coriander and fenugreek.
  • Curcumin and Turmeric supplements health benefits, side effects 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.curcuminturmeric.net [Source type: Academic]

Gardening

Turmeric can also be used to deter ants. .The exact reasons why turmeric repels ants is unknown, but anecdotal evidence suggests it works.^ Whether the amount of curcumin in turmeric and curry powders is sufficient to suggest effects on biological activities and cancer risk is unknown.
  • Research Update:Curcumae Longae.Curcuma longa.Turmeric Root or Curcuma Root,Phytochemicals and Applications.Turmeric extract,Curcuma Root Extract.10:1.Curcumae Longae,Turmeric powder,Turmeric Rhizome.aqueous turmeric extract,Alcoholic turmeric extract,Curcumin,Turmeric extract in water; Turmeric extract in alcohol,whole extract of turmeric root,tumeric extract.Narrative.MDidea Extracts Professional. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.mdidea.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, there is some evidence to suggest that turmeric extracts can be toxic to the liver when taken in high doses or for a prolonged period of time.
  • St. David's HealthCare - Health Information - Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC stdavids.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Turmeric | Lifescript.com 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Your Health - Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.aurorahealthcare.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Health Information Details 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.ridgeviewmedical.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric essential oil, mixed with citronella, tulsi, and vanillin, works as a powerful insect repellent, and is a natural alternative to D.E.E.T, the most common chemical insect repellent commercially available.
  • Turmeric: “The Golden Goddess” (by Lisa Gallant C.A.S) | CA College of Ayurveda :: Ayurveda School 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.ayurvedacollege.com [Source type: Academic]

[7]

Ceremonial uses

.Turmeric is also used in various rituals, such as the turmeric ceremony or gaye holud, part of the Bengali wedding.^ Curry powder which is extensively used in Indian cuisine, is largely made of turmeric and other spices such as coriander and fenugreek.
  • Curcumin and Turmeric supplements health benefits, side effects 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.curcuminturmeric.net [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric has been valued for almost four thousand years in India, where it’s essential for curry dishes but is also used as a cosmetic, as a dye , in traditional remedies, and in religious ceremonies.
  • Turmeric - Ingredient - CHOW 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chow.com [Source type: General]

^ Traditional use of turmeric has varied somewhat regionally, though its use as a digestive aid and choleretic is almost universal (Grieve, 1979).
  • Herbal Medicine: Tumeric root 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC cms.herbalgram.org [Source type: Academic]

.It is widely used in all parts of India during wedding ceremony, particularly in North India and the Deccan Plateau.^ It is used in spice blends such as curry, in the Caribbean, India, North Africa, the Middle East, and...
  • Turmeric - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.kosmix.com [Source type: General]

^ During a traditional Hindu wedding ceremony, the bride has a turmeric paste "painted' onto her face and hands, for luck.
  • Turmeric Spice | Buy premium-quality Turmeric Root spice from Frontier. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.frontiercoop.com [Source type: General]

^ Auspicious uses of turmeric: Turmeric has the first place in any pooja, wedding, thread ceremony, house-warming ceremony etc.
  • Aayi’s Recipes » Richness of turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.aayisrecipes.com [Source type: General]

It is also used in Pujas to make a form of the elephant God Ganesha. .It is made by mixing turmeric with water and forming it into a cone-like shape.^ For tea, mix Vi teaspoon of powdered turmeric with 8 ounces of boiling water.

^ Hi, The Dry turmeric powder has to be changed into a paste by adding a few drops of water.Apply this paste on the cyst.
  • Cysts Home Remedy Using Turmeric - Mamaherb 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: General]

^ Douche: Made with fresh plain yogurt, turmeric and water, this is especially helpful in countering odor and yeast problems, and is the best douche to use following the menstrual period.
  • Healthy Recipes: Turmeric, The Golden Healer 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.healthy.net [Source type: General]

.During the south Indian festival Pongal, a whole turmeric plant with the root is placed as part of the ceremonial decorations.^ The turmeric powder is a powder prepared by the roots of this plant.
  • Aayi’s Recipes » Richness of turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.aayisrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ Turmeric comes from the root of the Curcuma longa plant, which is native to Indonesia and southern India, and is widely used as an ingredient in curry dishes and yellow mustard.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC altmedsales.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Ground from the root of a plant (Curcuma longa L.) of the ginger family, found wild in the Himalayas and grown across South Asia, turmeric powder is surprisingly bland, not hot , tangy or peppery.
  • Turmeric (Curcumin) Anti-Cancer, Anti Gynecomastia 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.psa-rising.com [Source type: Academic]

.Also, fresh root is some times tied around the pot boiling the ceremonial rice.^ The deep orange color of chopped fresh turmeric root imparts a rich yellow to curries, soups and stews and rice dishes.
  • Self Health Resource Center - April 2007 Newsletter 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC site.drclarkstore.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, in some areas of the Far East, the fresh turmeric root is used and stored much like ginger.
  • Turmeric benefit and side effects, powder extract use for treating medical conditions : by Ray Sahelian, M.D. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.raysahelian.com [Source type: Academic]

^ You can purchase turmeric root fresh in some supermarkets, and use it as a vegetable.
  • turmeric « FOX News Health Blog « FOXNews.com 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC health.blogs.foxnews.com [Source type: General]

.In southern India, as a part of the marriage ritual, a piece of dried turmeric tied with string is sometimes used to replace the Thali necklace temporarily or permanently.^ In combination with annatto (E160b), turmeric has been used to color cheeses, yogurt, dry mixes, salad dressings, winter butter and margarine.
  • Turmeric: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,557 entries. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.chemie.de [Source type: Academic]

^ Sangli, a town in the southern part of the Indian state of Maharashtra, is the largest and most important trading center for Turmeric in Asia and perhaps in the entire world.
  • Turmeric 500mg (100 capsules) Dr. Clark Store 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC drclarkstore.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Self Health Resource Center - April 2007 Newsletter 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC site.drclarkstore.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turmeric comes from the root of the Curcuma longa plant, which is native to Indonesia and southern India, and is widely used as an ingredient in curry dishes and yellow mustard.
  • Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC altmedsales.com [Source type: Academic]

This happens in economically lower situations.
Modern Neopagans list it with the quality of fire, and it is used for power and purification rites.
.In Goa and Dakshina Kannada (Karnataka state, India) turmeric plant leaf is used to prepare special sweet dishes Patoleo by layering on the leaf - rice flour, and coconut-jaggery mixture and then closing and steaming in special Copper Steamer(Goa).^ The turmeric powder is a powder prepared by the roots of this plant.
  • Aayi’s Recipes » Richness of turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.aayisrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ Turmeric or curcumin is the spice from India that is used in curry dishes.

^ It is thought to be a hybrid selection and vegetative propagation of wild turmeric (Curcuma aromatica), which is native to India, Sri Lanka and the eastern Himalayas and some other closely related species.
  • The effect of curcumin (turmeric) on Alzheimer's disease: An overview Mishra S, Palanivelu K - Ann Indian Acad Neurol 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.annalsofian.org [Source type: Academic]

.Friedrich Ratzel in `The History of Mankind' reported in 1896 that in Micronesia the preparation of turmeric powder for embelishment of body, clothing and utensils had a highly ceremonial character.^ Turmeric Extract , Standardized to 95% Curcumin Turmeric powder, a bright yellow spice from the rhizome of the Curcuma longa plant, has a long history of traditional Ayurvedic usage.
  • Turmeric Extract 95% Curcumin 50 tabs from Source Naturals 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.vitasprings.com [Source type: General]

^ Turmeric is so well-known in the world, from its use in making curry powder, Indonesian herb remedies, and as a source of dye, that it is only proper to assign this name to the herb that has this history.
  • Turmeric: What�s in an Herb Name? How Turmeric (Jianghuang) and Curcuma (Yujin) Became Confused 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.itmonline.org [Source type: Reference]

^ Guide to turmeric - details of the history, preparation and storage of turmeric.
  • Turmeric - guide to turmeric, a spice widely used in Asian cuisine, includes ideas for use. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.helpwithcooking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .He quotes an example of the roots being ground by four to six women in special public buildings and then allowed to stand in water.^ Ground turmeric rhizome : 1 teaspoon blended in water or juice up to four times daily (approximately 10 grams) .
  • Curcuma: Turmeric 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC medherb.com [Source type: Academic]

.The following morning three young coconuts and three old soma nuts are offered by a priestess with prayer, after which the dye which has settled down in the water is collected, baked into cakes in coconut moulds, wrapped in banana leaves, and hung up in the huts till required for use.^ How to use it: To spice up grilled cheese, add ¼ teaspoon oregano leaves and tomato to the classic favorite.
  • turmeric « FOX News Health Blog « FOXNews.com 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC health.blogs.foxnews.com [Source type: General]

^ A phase 1 human trial with 25 subjects using up to 8000 mg of curcumin per day for three months found no toxicity from curcumin.
  • The effect of curcumin (turmeric) on Alzheimer's disease: An overview Mishra S, Palanivelu K - Ann Indian Acad Neurol 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.annalsofian.org [Source type: Academic]

^ To get a boost of cinnamon throughout the day, just sprinkle the good old stuff into your oatmeal, yogurt or baked goods.
  • turmeric « FOX News Health Blog « FOXNews.com 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC health.blogs.foxnews.com [Source type: General]

Composition

Curcumin Keto form
Curcumin Enol form
.Turmeric contains up to 5% essential oils and up to 3% curcumin, a polyphenol.^ Turmeric is known to contain an average of 3% curcumin.
  • 550. Turmeric and curcumin (WHO Food Additives Series 17) 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.inchem.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Turmeric powder contains 3 percent to 5 percent curcumin.

^ The essential oil of turmeric is a mixture of oils.
  • Composition to enhance the bioavailability of curcumin - Patent application 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Academic]

.It is the active substance of turmeric and it is also known as C.I. 75300, or Natural Yellow 3. The systematic chemical name is (1E,6E)-1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione.^ The bright yellow color of turmeric comes mainly from fat-soluble, polyphenolic pigments known as curcuminoids ( Figure 1 ).
  • Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC lpi.oregonstate.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Curcumin is the natural pigment that gives the spice turmeric its yellow color.

^ Turmeric is botanically known as Curcuma longa, derived from the old Arabic name for the kurkum.
  • Turmeric benefit and side effects, powder extract use for treating medical conditions : by Ray Sahelian, M.D. 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.raysahelian.com [Source type: Academic]

.It can exist at least in two tautomeric forms, keto and enol.^ Curcumin can exist in at least two tautomeric forms, keto and enol.

^ The keto form is preferred in solid phase and the enol form in solution.

.The keto form is preferred in solid phase and the enol form in solution.^ The keto form is preferred in solid phase and the enol form in solution.

^ Curcumin can exist in at least two tautomeric forms, keto and enol.

Curcumin is a pH indicator. .In acidic solutions (pH <7.4) it turns yellow whereas in basic (pH > 8.6) solutions it turns bright red.^ Initially, all bacteria (Table 1) were grown in purple broth and it was found that for all of the strains, if the solution turned yellow, it indicated growth but if it remained purple, no growth had occurred.
  • JYI.org :: Bioprotective properties of TurmericAn investigation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities 21 January 2010 21:34 UTC www.jyi.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The turmeric is dried and powdered with a bit of lime, which turns the rich yellow powder into red color.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Curcuma longa information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?12676. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  2. ^ Chan, E.W.C. et al. (2009). "Effects of different drying methods on the antioxidant properties of leaves and tea of ginger species". Food Chemistry 113 (1): 166–172. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.07.090.  | accessyear = 2009}}
  3. ^ UK food guide
  4. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/1668932.stm
  5. ^ http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/top-stories/2009/10/28/curry-kills-cancer-cells-and-other-health-benefits-of-the-nations-favourite-dish-115875-21779950/
  6. ^ NIH-listed human clinical trials on turmeric and curcumin, February, 2010
  7. ^ Ants Control Online Information Service for Non-Chemical Pest Control in the Tropics. Retrieved on 5 Feb 2010
  8. ^ Ratzel, Friedrich. The History of Mankind. (London: MacMillan, 1896). URL: www.inquirewithin.biz/history/american_pacific/oceania/oceania-utensils.htm accessed 28 November 2009.

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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Simple English

Turmeric
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Genus: Curcuma
Species: C. longa
Binomial name
Curcuma longa
Linnaeus[1]

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant. It is in the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.[2]

References

  1. "Curcuma longa information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?12676. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  2. Chan, E.W.C. et al.; Lim, Y; Wong, S; Lim, K; Tan, S; Lianto, F; Yong, M (2009). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Effects of different drying methods on the antioxidant properties of leaves and tea of ginger species"]. Food Chemistry 113 (1): 166–172. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.07.090.  | accessyear = 2009}}
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