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Tuxedo Park, New York
—  Village  —
Tuxedo Park, New York is located in New York
Tuxedo Park, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 41°12′5″N 74°12′6″W / 41.20139°N 74.20167°W / 41.20139; -74.20167
Country United States
State New York
County Orange
 - Total 3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)
 - Land 2.7 sq mi (6.9 km2)
 - Water 0.6 sq mi (1.4 km2)
Elevation 407 ft (124 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 731
 - Density 272.9/sq mi (105.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 10987
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-75803
GNIS feature ID 0968011

Tuxedo Park is a village in Orange County, New York, United States. The population was 731 at the 2000 census. It is part of the PoughkeepsieNewburghMiddletown, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New YorkNewarkBridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area. The name is derived from a Native American word of the Lenape language, tucsedo, which is said to have more than one meaning.

Tuxedo Park is a village within the southern part of the Town of Tuxedo, near New York Route 17 and the New York State Thruway.



What is now the village and the areas immediately surrounding it, were developed as a resort for Blue Blood society in 1885 by Pierre Lorillard IV on property acquired by his grandfather, Pierre Lorillard II in 1790. At that time it became known as Tuxedo Park. The Park is located in the Ramapo Mountains and had acquired a reputation for undeveloped iron mines and, in consequence, a company formed in England and headed by Lord Sterling acquired a large tract in the neighborhood. The company built furnaces near Ringwood and on the Ramapo River and opened mines near Sterling Lake. Peter Lorillard organized the Tuxedo Club and the Tuxedo Park Association, as hunting and fishing preserve, and surrounded the property with a high game fence. This fence marked fairly accurately the present boundaries of the area restricted to use of the residents of Tuxedo Park. In 1924 the Tuxedo Securities Corporation acquired from the Estate of Peter Lorillard, deceased, all of the stock of the Tuxedo Park Association.

The original club house, designed by Bruce Price, was built in 1886 and was then replaced by a second club house in 1928, which was designed by John Russell Pope. This building was destroyed by fire in 1943, and was partially rebuilt soon thereafter.

Tuxedo Park
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. Historic District
Tuxedo Park, New York is located in New York
Location: Tuxedo Park, New York
Coordinates: 41°12′5″N 74°12′24″W / 41.20139°N 74.20667°W / 41.20139; -74.20667Coordinates: 41°12′5″N 74°12′24″W / 41.20139°N 74.20667°W / 41.20139; -74.20667
Built/Founded: 1886
Architect: McKim,Mead & White; Sturgis,Russell
Architectural style(s): Tudor Revival, Italianate, Queen Anne
Governing body: Local
Added to NRHP: March 13, 1980
NRHP Reference#: 80002740[1]

The Shingle style houses Price built at Tuxedo, with their compact massing and axial plans influenced several young architects including Frank Lloyd Wright. Queen Anne architecture with Tudor elements became popular for residences. [2]


Tuxedo Park enjoyed many prosperous years from 1885 until the 1920s. The "Blue Book of Etiquette" was written by Emily Post, who was the daughter of Bruce Price. She wrote the book based on what she observed inside the great stone gates of Tuxedo. Many other notables came from that era in Tuxedo to include: Dorothy Draper - famed interior designer, Adele Colgate - heir to the Colgate/Palmolive fortune, George Baker - Banker, JP Morgan - Banker, Alfred Loomis - Scientist, William Waldorf Astor, Herbert C. Pell, Augustus Juilliard, among others.

During the 1920s a new hospital and a high school were built through the generosity of a few Tuxedo Park residents, including John Insley Blair. In the years following the Great Depression, however, Tuxedo Park lost many of its socialites and wealthy inhabitants, but attracted a few new ones, as well. One of the new residences was built by Angier Biddle Duke, (cousin to Doris Duke), whose father-in-law, George Baker St. George, was an original resident of Tuxedo. Mr. St. George purchased and built Mr. Duke and his wife, Priscilla St George, a new estate. This estate was the last built in Tuxedo by the old "Blue Blood Elite". While Mr. Duke & his wife were traveling abroad, as most elites did at that time, Mr. St. George had landscape architect Arthur P. Kroll landscape the elaborate property. By the time the Dukes returned from Europe, the property had been transformed and appeared to have been there for over 100 years.

The area known as Tuxedo Park separated from the Town of Tuxedo and became incorporated in 1952, adopting the village form of government. Today it comprises 2,050 acres (8.3 km²), of which 355 acres (1.4 km²) includes three lakes, and about 340 housing units in 320 structures. Other newer housing developments include the Southfields Apartments built in 1971 on the site of a former bed factory, the Mountain View Apartments near the Sloatsburg line, and the Woodlands in Eagle Valley.

Non-residential facilities located within the community include the International Paper Research Center, the "Loomis Laboratory" of Alfred Lee Loomis, [4], the Red Apple Rest, and the Sterling Forest Ski Area.

The evening dress for men now popularly known as a tuxedo (sometimes formally termed black tie attire), takes its name from Tuxedo Park, where it was said to have been worn for the first time in the United States, by Griswald Lorillard at the annual Autumn Ball of the Tuxedo Club founded by Pierre Lorillard IV, and thereafter became popular for formal dress in America. It became known as the tuxedo when a fellow asked another at the Autumn Ball, "Why does that man's jacket not have coattails on it?" The other answered, "He is from Tuxedo." The first gentleman misinterpreted and told all of his friends that he saw a man wearing a jacket without coattails called a tuxedo, not from Tuxedo. This all took place at The Autumn ball, which still exists today.

In recognition of its historical and architectural significance, the historic district was listed as Tuxedo Park on the National Register of Historic Places on March 13, 1980.[1] In 1982 the designation was officially presented by Oren Lehman to Mrs. Joan Richardsson Alleman, Co-Chairman of the Tuxedo Conservation and Taxpayers Association, at The Washington's Headquarters State Historic Site in nearby Newburgh, NY. The designation is proudly displayed at the Tuxedo Park Village Office.


Tuxedo Park is located at 41°12′5″N 74°12′6″W / 41.20139°N 74.20167°W / 41.20139; -74.20167 (41.201461, -74.201668)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.4 km²), of which, 2.7 square miles (6.9 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.4 km²) of it (17.03%) is water.

The village is located in Orange County near its border with Rockland County, New York and is in the Ramapo Mountains. West of the village is Tuxedo Lake.

The New York State Thruway (Interstate 87) and New York State Route 17 pass the east of the village, which is north of Sloatsburg, New York.

Sterling Forest State Park is located west of the village, and Harriman State Park is located to the east.


As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 731 people, 291 households, and 215 families residing in the village. The population density was 272.9 people per square mile (105.3/km²). There were 363 housing units at an average density of 135.5/sq mi (52.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 94.39% White, 0.68% African American, 0.14% Native American, 2.19% Asian, 0.27% from other races, and 2.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.06% of the population.

There were 291 households out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the village the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 37.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $91,820, and the median income for a family was $102,056. Males had a median income of $70,536 versus $46,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $63,538. About 1.9% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.


  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.  
  2. ^ "Bruce Price". Great Buildings Online. Retrieved December 17 2005.  
  3. ^ "Price, Bruce". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved December 17 2005.  
  4. ^ Conant, Jennet, Tuxedo Park: A Wall Street Tycoon and the Secret Palace of Science That Changed the Course of World War II, New York : Simon & Schuster, (2002). ISBN 0-684-87287-0
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

Further reading

  • Rushmore, George M., The world with a fence around it : Tuxedo Park, the early days, New York : Pageant Press, 1957.
  • Sonne, Christian R.; Hempel, Chiu Yin, (editors), Tuxedo park : the historic houses, Tuxedo Park, NY : Tuxedo Historical Society, 2007. ISBN 9780978945206
  • Winslow, Albert Foster, Tuxedo Park : a journal of recollections, Tuxedo Park, N.Y. : Tuxedo Historical Society, 1992. ISBN 0963469606

External links

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