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The Twelve Olympians by Monsiau, circa late 18th century.
.The Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon (Greek: Δωδεκάθεον < δώδεκα, dōdeka, "twelve"+ θεοί, theoi, "gods"), in Greek mythology, were the principal gods of the Greek pantheon, residing atop Mount Olympus.^ The Twelve Olympians, in Greek mythology, were the principal gods of the Greek pantheon, residing atop Mount Olympus .
  • WikiAnswers - Where did Zeus live 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Olympic gods Olympian greek god ...
  • Twelve_olympians encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: General]

^ Ancient Greek religion, the Twelve Olympians were the principal gods of the pantheon .
  • Twelve.eu 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.twelve.eu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first ancient reference of religious ceremonies for them is found in the Homeric Hymn to Hermes.^ The first ancient reference of religious ceremonies for them is found in the Homeric Hymn to Hermes.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first ancient reference of religious ceremonies for the 12 Olympians is found in the Homeric Hymn to Hermes .
  • Olympians - NumisWiki, The Collaborative Numismatics Project 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.forumancientcoins.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Homeric Hymn to Hermes, he is called a thief, a cattle rustler, and a conductor of dreams.
  • Olympians: Vase Representations 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC mkatz.web.wesleyan.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The classical scheme of the Twelve Olympians (the Canonical Twelve of art and poetry) comprises the following gods: Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Athena, Ares, Demeter, Apollo, Artemis, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Hermes and Dionysus.^ Hestia , Demeter , Dionysus , and Hades are the variable gods among the Twelve.

^ Aphrodite 2 Apollo 3 Ares 4 Artemis 5 Athena 6 Demeter 7 Dionysus 8 Hephaestus 9 Hera 10 Hermes 11 Poseidon 12 Zeus 13 Sources .
  • Twelve Olympians - Mythology Wiki 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC mythology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera .
  • Greek Mythology Gods Olympians 23 September 2009 7:18 UTC www.desy.de [Source type: Original source]

.The respective Roman scheme comprises the following gods: Jupiter, Juno, Neptune, Minerva, Mars, Ceres, Apollo, Diana, Vulcan, Venus, Mercury and Bacchus.^ The Roman versions of the Greek names are: Apollo, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, and Jupiter, among the canonical males; Venus, Minerva, Diana, and Juno, among the canonical females.
  • 12 Olympian Gods and Goddesses - The 12 Olympian Gods and Goddesses of Greek Mythology 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC ancienthistory.about.com [Source type: General]

^ The respectiveRoman scheme comprises the following gods: Jupiter, Juno, Neptune, Ceres, Mars, Minerva, Apollo, Diana, Vulcan, Venus, Mercury, and Bacchus.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The respective Roman scheme comprises the following gods: Jupiter, Juno, Neptune, Ceres, Mars, Mercury, Vulcan, Venus, Minerva, Apollo, Diana and Vesta.
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

[1] .Hades (Roman: Pluto) was not generally included in this list.^ Hades (Roman: Pluto) was not generally included in this list.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hades (Roman name: Pluto) Hades was king of the dead.
  • http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0881990.html 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: General]

^ There are fourteen divinities listed below: Hades, god of the Underworld, is not strictly speaking an Olympian, and Hestia and Dionysus generally alternate in catalogues of the canonical twelve Olympians.
  • Olympians: Vase Representations 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC mkatz.web.wesleyan.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He did not have a seat in the pantheon because he spent almost all of his time in the underworld.^ He did not have a seat in the pantheon because he spent almost all of his time in the underworld.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Because he is a major deity I have included Hades among the Olympians, even though he spent little time on Mount Olympus.
  • The Myth Man's Olympians 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I usually go with Sandman's explanation on gods, it allows for almost all of them to be valid at the exact same time.
  • The religion of Wonder Woman, Princess Diana 23 September 2009 7:18 UTC www.adherents.com [Source type: Original source]

.Also commonly seen among the twelve is Hestia (Roman: Vesta.^ Also commonly seen among the twelve is Hestia (Roman: Vesta.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hestia (Roman name Vesta) is one of the most modest figures among the twelve ancient Greek Gods.

^ Hestia (Roman name: Vesta) Hestia was the goddess of the hearth (a fireplace at the center of the home).
  • http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0881990.html 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.factmonster.com [Source type: General]

) .When Dionysus was offered a seat, the total number of Olympians became thirteen.^ When Dionysus was offered a seat, the total number of Olympians became thirteen.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beside his wife, he had many mistresses, both mortal and immortal, by whom he had numerous children, some of them also became Olympians: Apollo and Artemis , Athena , Dionysus .
  • Zeus (Jupiter) - Olga's Gallery 23 September 2009 7:18 UTC www.abcgallery.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Originally listed as one of the Twelve Olympians, Hestia gave up her seat in favour of Dionysus to tend to the sacred fire on Mount Olympus.

.Believing thirteen to be an unlucky number and wishing to avoid a fight, Hestia stepped down.^ Believing thirteen to be an unlucky number and wishing to avoid a fight, Hestia stepped down.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Dionysus was admitted into Olympus, supposedly Hestia, goddess of the Home and Hearth, gave up her place for him and took up residence on earth, because thirteen was an unlucky number.
  • The Myth Man's Olympians 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.thanasis.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera allowed him to be an Olympian, and Hestia stepped down as an Olympian for him.
  • YTV - YAP! Member Boards -> Is It Just Me Or... 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC forums.ytv.com [Source type: General]

.There was, however, a great deal of fluidity when it came to who was counted among their number in antiquity.^ There was, however, a great deal of fluidity when it came to who was counted among their number in antiquity.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There’s still a great deal of prejudice against women jockeys becasue they don’t have the physical strength of men and supposedly, enough of the killer instinct.
  • Here – have at least one image of female Olympians that isn’t focussed on T&A at Larvatus Prodeo 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC larvatusprodeo.net [Source type: General]

^ I do think that there is a great, unfulfilled public appetite for shamnism/sacrifice, for those who go out there to parley with the gods on our behalfs.
  • FLUXEUROPA: Twelve Thousand Days - Interview with Alan Trench 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.fluxeuropa.com [Source type: Original source]

[2] .Around 400 BC, Herodotus included in his Dodekatheon the following deities: Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hermes, Athena, Apollo, Alpheus, Kronos, Rhea and the Charites.^ Zeus sometimes shared it with Apollo and Athena.

^ Poseidon , Zeus and Hera , and consort to Persephone .
  • Greek Gods Goddesses at 3details – Decorative Antiques, Digital and traditional art by Peter Woodward 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC 3details.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Around 400 BC Herodorus included in his Dodekatheon the following deities: Zeus, Poseidon, Hera, Athena, Hermes, Apollo, Alpheus, Cronus, Rhea and the Charites.
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

[3] .Wilamowitz agrees with Herodotus' version of the Twelve.^ Wilamowitz agrees with Herodorus’ version of the Twelve.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]
.Herodotus includes Heracles as one of the Twelve.^ Herodotus includes Heracles as one of the Twelve.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lucian also includes Heracles and Asclepius as members of the Twelve, without explaining which two had to give way for them.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Local government includes mayors, of whom President Adar was one before his first term as President of the Twelve Colonies.
  • Syfy Forums 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC forums.syfy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .Lucian also includes Heracles and Asclepius as members of the Twelve, without explaining which two had to give way for them.^ Lucian also includes Heracles and Asclepius as members of the Twelve, without explaining which two had to give way for them.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Herodotus includes Heracles as one of the Twelve.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lucian also includes Heracles, and also includes Asklepios, as members of the Twelve, without explaining which two had to give way for them.
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

.At Kos, Heracles and Dionysus are added to the Twelve, and Ares and Hephaestus are left behind.^ At Kos, Heracles and Dionysus are added to the Twelve, and Ares and Hephaestus are left behind.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Greek mythology, Hermes is one of the Olympian gods, usually numbered at twelve, and like many of the Olympians— Athena , Ares, Apollo, Hephaestus, and Artemis —Hermes is a child of Zeus .
  • Who is Hermes? 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.wisegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are 4 types of Godship, representing the different characteristics of the Twelve Olympians: the Passion Godship represents Poseidon, Hephaestus and Hera; the Valor Godship represents Ares, Hades and Dionysus; the Wisdom Godship represents Aphrodite, Athena and Hermes; the Loyalty Godship represents Demeter, Artemis and Apollo.
  • The Divine Path Expansion Preview - the Godship - TQ Forum, TQ Games, Free MMORPG - forum.91.com 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC forum.91.com [Source type: General]

[6] .However, Pindar, Apollodorus,[7] and Herodorus disagree with this.^ However, Pindar, Apollodorus, and Herodorus disagree with this.
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However,Pindar, Apollodorus, and Herodorus disagree with this.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For them Heracles is not one of the Twelve Gods, but the one who established their cult.^ Herodotus includes Heracles as one of the Twelve.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She was one of the twelve great Olympian gods.

^ He was one of the twelve great Olympian gods.

[3]
.Plato connected the Twelve Olympians with the twelve months, and proposed that the final month be devoted to rites in honor of Pluto and the spirits of the dead, implying that he considered Hades to be one of the Twelve.^ Therefore she is sometimes considered one of the twelve Olympians.
  • Goddess Graphics - Web Design in Sacramento 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.goddessgraphics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Zeus One of the twelve Olympians.
  • Pain's Domain--Realistic Glossary 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theneitherworld.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Demeter One of the twelve Olympians.
  • Pain's Domain--Realistic Glossary 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theneitherworld.com [Source type: Original source]

[8] .Hades is phased out in later groupings due to his chthonic associations.^ Hades is phased out in later groupings due to his chthonic associations.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In later sources the god is associated with the place where he resides, so the name "Hades" (which means "the unseen") is also used in some cases.
  • All about Greece, greek history, mythology, language, arts, music, people, recipes, photos and much more 20 November 2009 20:44 UTC www.hellenism.net [Source type: General]

^ Hades was one of the original six Olympians, but was later excluded from the group of twelve Olympians because he stayed in the underworld for the majority of his time.

[9] .In Phaedrus Plato aligns the Twelve with the Zodiac and would exclude Hestia from their rank.^ In Phaedrus Plato aligns the Twelve with the Zodiac and would exclude Hestia from their rank.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10]
.Hebe, Helios and Persephone are other important gods, goddesses, which are sometimes included in a group of twelve.^ The twelve most important gods and goddesses.
  • Ancient Greeks - glossary 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.plant-medicine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes the gods and goddesses transformed others, either to save them or to punish them.
  • Greek Mythology - Myth Encyclopedia - Roofs and Sources, The Greek Pantheon 23 September 2009 7:18 UTC www.mythencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hebe, Helios and Persephone are other important gods, goddesses, which are sometimes included in a group of twelve.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Eros is often depicted alongside the other twelve, especially his mother Aphrodite, but is rarely considered one of the Olympians.^ Therefore she is sometimes considered one of the twelve Olympians.
  • Goddess Graphics - Web Design in Sacramento 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.goddessgraphics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aphrodite was one of the twelve great Olympian gods.

^ She was one of the twelve great Olympian gods.

.The Twelve Olympians gained their supremacy in the world of gods after Zeus led his siblings to victory in war with the Titans.^ The Twelve Olympians gained their supremacy in the world of gods after Zeus led his siblings to victory in war with the Titans.
  • The Twelve Olympians « 'The Hermes' 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC thehermes.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were Twelve Titans, and there followed Twelve Olympians.
  • The Titans, the Forerunners to the Greek Gods - Timeless Myths (UK) 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.timelessmyths.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Draw pictures of the twelve Olympian gods.
  • Chapter 5 Activities 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.mce.k12tn.net [Source type: Original source]

.Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Hestia, and Hades were siblings.^ According to Bulfinch's, the Olympians were the brothers and sisters Zeus, Demeter, Hera (also Zeus' wife), Poseidon, and Hestia (later replaced by Dionysis), and Zeus' children, Athena, Ares, Hephaestos, Phoebus Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite and Hermes.
  • Who were the twelve Greek gods and who were their Roman counterparts? 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ Hestia , Demeter , Dionysus , and Hades are the variable gods among the Twelve.
  • Family tree of the Greek gods 23 September 2009 7:18 UTC bulfinch.englishatheist.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Index to The Pantheon 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC bulfinch.englishatheist.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Dionysos Bacchus: the God of Carnaval 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC carnaval.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Dionysos Bacchus: the God of Carnaval 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.carnaval.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hera , Zeus , Aphrodite , Ares , Athena , Poseidon .

.Ares, Hermes, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, the Charites, Heracles, Dionysus, Hebe, and Persephone were children of Zeus.^ According to Bulfinch's, the Olympians were the brothers and sisters Zeus, Demeter, Hera (also Zeus' wife), Poseidon, and Hestia (later replaced by Dionysis), and Zeus' children, Athena, Ares, Hephaestos, Phoebus Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite and Hermes.
  • Who were the twelve Greek gods and who were their Roman counterparts? 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ Her children are Hephaestus , Hebe , and Ares .
  • Twelve Olympians - Mythology Wiki 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC mythology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aphrodite 2 Apollo 3 Ares 4 Artemis 5 Athena 6 Demeter 7 Dionysus 8 Hephaestus 9 Hera 10 Hermes 11 Poseidon 12 Zeus 13 Sources .
  • Twelve Olympians - Mythology Wiki 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC mythology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although some versions of the myths state that Hephaestus was born of Hera alone, and that Aphrodite was born of Ouranos.^ Hephaistos was born of Hera alone.

^ Additionally, some versions of the myth state that Hephaestus was born of Hera alone as Hera's revenge for Zeus' solo birth of Athena.
  • Greek Gods - Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.greek-islands.us [Source type: Original source]
  • ���� ϣ������ʮ��������Ӣ������ ��~~~_�ٶ�֪�� 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC zhidao.baidu.com [Source type: Original source]
  • �ǥ��`����_����_�參��ռ�ǽ���_�ٶȿռ� 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC hi.baidu.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although some versions of the myth state that Hephaestus was born of Hera alone.
  • Ancient Greece: The Ancient Aegean World 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theancientweb.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

List of the Olympians

Classical Olympians

.The fourteen gods and goddesses listed among the Twelve most often.^ The twelve most important gods and goddesses.
  • Ancient Greeks - glossary 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.plant-medicine.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Open the list of Greek gods and goddesses .
  • Greek Mythology - Process 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC eev.liu.edu [Source type: General]

^ These are the most important gods and goddesses from the Greek mythology that live together on Mount Olympus .

Greek Deities Series
Primordial deities
Titans (predecessor deities)
Greek sea gods
Chthonic deities
Muses (personified concepts)
Other deities
The Twelve Olympians
Zeus Hera
Poseidon Hermes
Hestia Demeter
Aphrodite Athena
Apollo Artemis
Ares Hephaestus
Greek Name Roman Name Statue God(dess) Of... Generation
Zeus Jupiter Jupiter Versailles Louvre Ma78.jpg King of the Gods and ruler of Mount Olympus; god of the sky, and thunder. Youngest son of the Titans Kronos and Rhea. Symbols are the lightning bolt and the eagle. First
Hera Juno Hera Campana Louvre Ma2283.jpg Queen of the Gods, and the goddess of marriage and motherhood. Symbols are the peacock and the cow. Daughter of Kronos and Rhea. Wife and sister of Zeus. First
Poseidon Neptune Neptune fountain02.jpg Lord of the Sea; god of the seas, earthquakes and horses. Symbols include the hippocamp and the trident. Son of Kronos and Rhea. Brother of Zeus and Hades. First
Demeter Ceres Demeter Pio-Clementino Inv254.jpg Goddess of fertility, agriculture, nature, and the seasons. Symbols include the poppy. Daughter of Kronos and Rhea. Sister of Zeus. First
Hades Pluto Hades-et-Cerberus-III.jpg Lord of the dead, god of the underworld and earthly wealth. Symbols include the Helm of Darkness, a bident, and a skull. Son of the Titans Kronos and Rhea. Brother of Zeus and Poseidon. First
Hestia Vesta Hestia-meyers.png Virgin goddess of home and the hearth. Daughter of Kronos and Rhea, and the sister of Zeus. First
Aphrodite Venus NAMA 262 Aphrodite Epidaure 2.JPG Goddess of love, beauty and sexuality. Daughter of Zeus and Dione or, in other traditions, of Uranus. Symbols include the dove. Second (or Pre-First) [A]
Apollo Phoebus[B] Roman Statue of Apollo.jpg God of light, healing, music, poetry, prophecy and archery. Symbols include the bow and the lyre. Artemis is his twin sister. Son of Zeus and Leto. Second
Ares Mars Ares villa Hadriana.jpg God of war and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar and the spear. Son of Zeus and Hera. Second
Artemis Diana Diane de Versailles Leochares 2.jpg Virgin goddess of the hunt and the moon. Symbols include the deer and the bow. Twin sister of Apollo, daughter of Zeus and Leto. Second
Athena Minerva Athena Giustiniani Musei Capitolini MC278.jpg Virgin goddess of wisdom, crafts, and battle strategy. Symbols are the olive tree and the owl. Daughter of Zeus, according to some traditions by Metis. Second
Dionysus Bacchus Dionysos Louvre Ma87 n2.jpg God of wine, festivities and ecstacy. His symbol is the grapevine. Son of Zeus and the mortal Semele. Second
Hephaestus Vulcan Vulcan Coustou Louvre MR1814.jpg Blacksmith to the Gods; god of fire and the forge. Son of Zeus and Hera or, according to some traditions, of Hera alone. Second
Hermes Mercury Hermes-louvre3.jpg Messenger of the Gods; god of commerce and thieves. Symbols include the caduceus. Son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. Second
Notes
.
  • A ^ According to an alternate version of her birth, Aphrodite was born of Ouranos, Zeus' grandfather, — after Cronus threw his castrated genitals into the sea.^ She was born of the sea foam generated from the castrated genitals of the sky-god Ouranos.

    ^ This eldest Titan castrated his father and threw the phallus into the sea, resulting in the birth of Aphrodite (Venus).
    • Untitled Document 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.queenofcups.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cronus severed his father's genitals with a sickle and threw them in the sea.

    .This supports the etymology of her name, "foam-born". As such, Aphrodite would belong to the same generation as Cronus, Zeus' father, and would technically be Zeus' aunt.^ After Zeus was born, her name changed to Demeter.

    ^ Zeus overthew his Father Cronus .
    • Greek Mythology Gods Olympians 23 September 2009 7:18 UTC www.desy.de [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When her youngest son, Zeus was born, fearing that she would lose all her children, Rhea wrapped swaddling cloth around a stone and gave it to her husband.

    .See the birth of Aphrodite
  • B ^ Romans used to associate Phoebus to Helios and sun itself.^ See Creation about Aphrodite's birth.

    ^ Venus [Aphrodite], detesting the offspring of the hated Sol [Helios the Sun], is avenging through us the chains that bound her to her loved Mars [Ares], and loads the whole race of Phoebus [Helios] with shame unspeakable.'"
    • PASIPHAE : Greek goddess, witch queen of Crete ; mythology ; pictures 23 September 2009 7:18 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Helios (Roman name Sol) was the Sun god in Greek mythology.

    [11][12] .However, they also used the name legaced by the Greeks, Apollo.^ Both the Greeks and Romans used the titles Cypris for Aphrodite, Phoebus for Apollo, Bacchus for Dionysus and Pallas for Athena.
    • Theoi.com | Olympian Gods of Greek Mythology 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I tried to avoid using Welsh names as much as possible, because they're reverberative.
    • INTERVIEW WITH JOHN HEATH-STUBBS 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.lib.rochester.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In most cases, the Romans changed the name when they stole Greek gods.
    • Can you name the 12 Greek Olympian Gods? - sporcle 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.sporcle.com [Source type: General]

    [13]

Other definitions

.These are not included in the classical list of the Twelve Olympians, but they are sometimes included in other lists of the Twelve Olympians, as noted above.^ They had their own twelve Olympians.
  • Planetary Gods: Twelve Gods and Seven Planets by Ken Gillman 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC cura.free.fr [Source type: Original source]

^ It might show something when comparing the US to China or other big countries, but when you look at these lists they are always dominated by tiny countries like Bahrain who just happened to win like 1 or 2 medals.
  • FARK.com: (3824444) In Olympic gold medals, the US was 32nd and China was 47th. Jamaica, Bahrain and Mongolia are 1, 2, and 3. Say what? Here comes the new math 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The "Twelve Gods" The "Twelve gods", mentioned in several sources, have not been fully identified by posterity nor included in an authoritative list.
  • OLYMPIANS - Greek Mythology Link 2 February 2010 10:12 UTC homepage.mac.com [Source type: Original source]

  • Alpheus – A river-god.
  • Asclepius – God of medicine and healing.
  • the Charites – Goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility.
  • Cronus – Titan; father of Zeus.
  • Eros – God of erotic love and desire.
  • Hebe – Goddess of youth, and the cupbearer for the gods.
  • Helios – A titan and the personification of the Sun.
  • Heracles – Greatest hero of the Greek myths.
  • Pan – God of the wild, shepherds, nature, and animals.
  • Persephone – Goddess of the spring and death, daughter of Demeter.
  • Rhea – Titaness; mother of Zeus.

Close to the Olympians

  • Anemoi – Wind gods: Boreas (north wind), Notus (south), Zephyrus (west), Eurus (east).
  • Bia – Personification of violence.
  • Cratos – Personification of power.
  • Dione – Mother of Aphrodite by Zeus.
  • Eileithyia – Goddess of childbirth; daughter of Hera and Zeus.
  • Eos – Personification of dawn.
  • Eris – Goddess of discord.
  • Ganymede – Cupbearer of the god's palace at Olympus.
  • Hecate - Goddess of Magic and Witches
  • Horae – Wardens of Olympus.
  • Iris – Personification of the Rainbow, also the messenger of Olympus along with Hermes.
  • Leto – Titaness; the mother of Apollo and Artemis.
  • Morpheus – God of Dreams.
  • Muses – Nine ladies of science and arts.
  • Nemesis – Greek goddess of retribution and revenge.
  • Nike – Goddess of victory.
  • Paeon – Physician of the gods.
  • Perseus –son of Zeus, one of the greatest heroes in all of Greek mythology.
  • Selene – Titaness; Personification of the Moon.
  • Zelus – Emulation.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Greek mythology". Encyclopedia Americana. 13. 1993. p. 431. 
    * "Dodekatheon" (in Greek). Papyros-Larousse-Britanicca. 2007. 
  2. ^ According to Stoll, Heinrich Wilhelm (translated by R. B. Paul) (1852). Handbook of the religion and mythology of the Greeks. Francis and John Rivington. pp. 8. "The limitation of their number [of the Olympians] to twelve seems to have been a comparatively modern idea" 
  3. ^ a b "Dodekatheon" (in Greek). Papyros-Larousse-Britanicca. 2007. 
  4. ^ Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Ulrich von (1931–1932) (in Deutch). Der Glaube der Hellenen (Volume 1). Berlin: Weidmansche Buchhandlung. pp. 329. 
  5. ^ Herodotus, The Histories, 2.43–44
  6. ^ Berger-Doer, Gratia (1986). "Dodekatheoi". Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae. 3. pp. 646–658. 
  7. ^ Pindar, Olympian Odes, 10.49
  8. ^ Plato, The Laws, 828 d-e
  9. ^ "Greek mythology". Encyclopedia Americana. 13. 1993. p. 431. 
  10. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg, Plato: Phaedrus, 246 e-f
  11. ^ North John A., Beard Mary, Price Simon R.F. "The Religions of Imperial Rome". Classical Mythology in English Literature: A Critical Anthology. (Cambridge University Press, 1998), p.259. ISBN 0-521-31682-0.
  12. ^ Hacklin, Joseph. "The Mythology of Persia". Asiatic Mythology (Asian Educational Services, 1994), p.38. ISBN 81-206-0920-4.
  13. ^ See, for example, Ovid's Met. I 441, 473, II 454, 543, 598, 612, 641, XII 585, XVIII 174, 715, 631, and others.

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Twelve Olympians, which are similar to those in the above article.








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