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A view of the Twenty20 match between England and Sri Lanka at the Rose Bowl on 15 June 2006

Twenty20 is a form of cricket, originally introduced in the United Kingdom for professional inter-county competition by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), in 2003. A Twenty20 game involves two teams, each has a single innings, batting for a maximum of 20 overs. Twenty20 cricket is also known as T20 cricket.

A Twenty20 game is completed in about three and half hours, with each innings lasting around 75 minutes, thus bringing the game closer to the timespan of other popular team sports. It was introduced to create a lively form of the game which would be attractive to spectators at the ground and viewers on television and as such it has been very successful. The ECB did not intend that Twenty20 would replace other forms of cricket and these have continued alongside it.

Since its inception the game has spread around the cricket world. On most international tours there is at least one Twenty20 match and most Test-playing nations have a domestic cup competition. The inaugural World Twenty20 was played in South Africa in 2007 with India defeating Pakistan in the final by five runs.[1] Pakistan again featured in the final of the 2009 World Twenty20, this time against Sri Lanka, winning by eight wickets.[2]

Contents

History

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Origins

England batsman Andrew Strauss batting for Middlesex against Surrey

The idea of a shortened format of the game at a professional level was discussed by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 1998 and 2001.[3]

When the Benson & Hedges Cup ended in 2002, the ECB needed another one day competition to fill its place. The cricketing authorities were looking to boost the game's popularity with the younger generation in response to dwindling crowds and reduced sponsorship. It was intended to deliver fast paced, exciting cricket accessible to thousands of fans who were put off by the longer versions of the game. Stuart Robertson, the marketing manager of the ECB, proposed a 20 over per innings game to county chairmen in 2001 and they voted 11-7 in favour of adopting the new format.[4] A media group was invited to develop a name for the new game and Twenty20 was the chosen title. Twenty20 cricket is also known as T20 cricket. A mathematician from Perth, Western Australia, Dr George Christos, also claims to have proposed a similar format to the ICC and ECB in 1997. However, the ICC has dismissed his involvement in developing the final concept.[5]

Twenty20 cricket was formally introduced in 2003 when the ECB launched the Twenty20 Cup and was marketed with the slogan “I don’t like cricket, I love it”, taken from the 10cc song "Dreadlock Holiday".[3]

Twenty20 Cup

The first official Twenty20 matches were played on 13 June 2003 between the English counties in the Twenty20 Cup.[6] The first season of Twenty20 in England was a relative success, with the Surrey Lions defeating the Warwickshire Bears by 9 wickets in the final to claim the Twenty20 Cup.[7]

On 15 July 2004 Middlesex vs. Surrey (the first Twenty20 game to be held at Lord's) attracted a crowd of 26,500, the largest attendance for any county cricket game other than a one-day final since 1953.

Twenty20 Worldwide

On 10 January Australia's first Twenty20 game was played at the WACA Ground between the Western Warriors and the Victorian Bushrangers. It drew a sellout crowd of 20,700.[8]

Starting 11 July 2006 19 West Indies regional teams competed in what was named the Stanford 20/20 tournament. The event has been financially backed by billionaire Allen Stanford, who gave at least US$28,000,000 funding money. West Indies legends also backed the programme, and several "looked after" the teams during their stay in and around the purpose built ground in Antigua. It is intended that the tournament will be an annual event. Guyana won the inaugural event, defeating Trinidad and Tobago by 5 wickets.[9] The top prize for the winning team was US$1,000,000, but other prizes were given throughout the tournament, such as play of the match (US$10,000) and man of the match (US$25,000).[10]

On 1 November 2008 the Superstars West Indies team (101-0/12.5 overs) beat England (99/all out) by 10 wickets. England slumped to 33-4 and then 65-8 after 15 overs before Samit Patel's 22 took them to 99 in 19.5 overs, still easily their lowest Twenty20 total. Chris Gayle scored an impressive 65 runs not out.

On 5 January 2007 Queensland Bulls played the New South Wales Blues at The Gabba, Brisbane. A crowd of 11,000 was expected based on pre-match ticket sales. However, an unexpected 16,000 turned up on the day to buy tickets, causing disruption and confusion for surprised Gabba staff as they were forced to throw open gates and grant many fans free entry. Attendance reached 27,653.[11]

For 1 February 2008's Twenty20 match between Australia and India, 84,041[12] people attended the match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground involving the Twenty20 World Champions against the ODI World Champions.

Twenty20 Internationals

The Chennai Super Kings one of the popular teams participating in the Indian Premier League, the world's biggest domestic cricketing tournament ever.

On 17 February 2005 Australia defeated New Zealand in the first men's full international Twenty20 match, played at Eden Park in Auckland. The game was played in a light-hearted manner - both sides turned out in kit similar to that worn in the 1980s, the New Zealand team's a direct copy of that worn by the Beige Brigade. Some of the players also sported moustaches/beards and hair styles popular in the 1980s taking part in a competition amongst themselves for best retro look, at the request of the Beige Brigade. Australia won the game comprehensively, and as the result became obvious towards the end of the NZ innings, the players and umpires took things less seriously - Glenn McGrath jokingly replayed the Trevor Chappell underarm incident from a 1981 ODI between the two sides, and Billy Bowden showed him a mock red card (red cards are not normally used in cricket) in response.

The first Twenty20 international in England was played between England and Australia at the Rose Bowl in Hampshire on the 13 June 2005, which England won by a record margin of 100 runs.

On 9 January 2006 Australia and South Africa met in the first international Twenty20 game in Australia. In a first, each player's nickname appeared on the back of his uniform, rather than his surname. The international match drew a crowd of 38,894 people at the The Gabba. Australia convincingly won the match with man of the match Damien Martyn scoring 96 runs.

On 16 February 2006 New Zealand defeated West Indies in a tie-breaking bowl-out 3-0; 126 runs were scored apiece in the game proper. The game was the last international match played by Chris Cairns - NZC handed out life-size cardboard masks of his face to patrons as they entered the ground.

Criticism

Although the format has been proved successful, it has been argued that since Twenty20 encourages far-from-technical cricket, youngsters wanting to pick up the game will be misguided into believing that cricket is all about trying to hit 6s and 4s no matter how you do it.[8]

Impact on the game

Twenty20 matches can have some exciting displays such as when Batsmen run out to the pitch

Twenty20 cricket is claimed to have resulted in a more athletic and "explosive" form of cricket. Indian fitness coach Ramji Srinivasan declared in an interview with the Indian fitness website Takath.com, that Twenty20 had "raised the bar" in terms of fitness levels for all players, demanding higher levels of strength, speed, agility and reaction time from all players irrespective of role in the team.[13] Not everyone accords with this view, however, citing for instance the fact that a retired player like Shane Warne has been successful in such tournaments as the IPL.

Shane Warne has never been known for physical fitness. However, other successful retired players such as Adam Gilchrist and Matthew Hayden have. In fact, Hayden credited retirement from International cricket with aiding his performance in general and fitness in particular in the IPL.[14]

In June 2009, speaking at the annual Cowdrey Lecture at Lord's, former Australian wicketkeeper Adam Gilchrist pushed for Twenty20 to be made an Olympic sport. "It would," he said, "be difficult to see a better, quicker or cheaper way of spreading the game throughout the world."[15]

Match format and rules

Format

Twenty20 match format is similar to limited overs cricket in that it involves two teams, each with a single innings, the key difference being each team bats for a maximum of 20 overs. In terms of visual format, the batting team members do not arrive from and depart to traditional dressing rooms, but come and go from a "bench" (typically a row of chairs) visible in the playing arena, analogous to Association Football's "Technical area" or a baseball "dugout".

Middlesex playing against Surrey at Lord's, in front of a 28,000-strong crowd

General rules

The Laws of cricket apply to Twenty20, with some exceptions:

  • Each bowler may bowl a maximum of only one-fifth of the total overs per innings (generally four, for a full, uninterrupted game). i.e., 4 in the 20 overs
  • The following fielding restrictions apply:
    • No more than five fielders can be on the leg side at any time.
    • During the first six overs, a maximum of two fielders can be outside the 30-yard circle. (sometimes referred to as the powerplay)
    • After the first six overs, a maximum of five fielders can be outside the fielding circle.
  • If the fielding team doesn't start to bowl their 20th over within 75 minutes, the batting side is credited an extra six runs for every whole over bowled after the 75 minute mark; the umpire may add more time to this if they believe the batting team is wasting time.

Tie deciders

Currently, if the match ends with the scores tied and there must be a winner, the tie is broken with a one over per side "Eliminator"[16] or "Super Over":[17][18] Each team nominates three batsmen and one bowler to play a one-over per side "mini-match", sometimes referred to as a "One1".[19][20] In turn, each side bats one over bowled by the one nominated opposition bowler, with their innings over if they lose two wickets before the over is completed. The side with the higher score from their Super Over wins.

Tied Twenty20 matches were previously decided by a "Bowl-out".

International

Twenty20 Internationals have been played since 2005. To date, 20 nations have played the format, including all test playing nations.

Nation Twenty20 International debut
Australia 17 February 2005
New Zealand 17 February 2005
England 13 June 2005
South Africa 21 October 2005
West Indies 16 February 2006
Sri Lanka 15 June 2006
Pakistan 28 August 2006
Bangladesh 28 November 2006
Zimbabwe 28 November 2006
India 1 December 2006
Kenya 1 September 2007
Scotland 12 September 2007
Netherlands 2 August 2008
Ireland 2 August 2008
Canada 2 August 2008
Bermuda 3 August 2008
Uganda 30 January 2010
Afghanistan 2 February 2010
UAE 9 February 2010
USA 9 February 2010

ICC World Twenty20 tournament

Every two years an ICC World Twenty20 tournament is to take place. The first tournament was in 2007 in South Africa where India defeated Pakistan in the final. The second tournament was won by Pakistan who beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in England on 21st of June, 2009.The next ICC World Twenty20 tournament will be held in West Indies in May 2010. Defending Champions Pakistan are grouped with Bangladesh and Australia.

Domestic

This is a list of the main Twenty20 domestic competitions in each cricketing country.

Country Domestic Competitions
Australia KFC Twenty20 Big Bash
Canada Scotiabank National T20 Championship
England Twenty20 Cup
India DLF Indian Premier League , Indian Inter-State T20 Championship and Indian Cricket League
Kenya National Elite League Twenty20
New Zealand HRV Cup
Pakistan Pakistan Super League and RBS Twenty-20 Cup
South Africa Standard Bank Pro 20 Series
Sri Lanka Inter-Provincial Twenty20
U.S.A. Pro Cricket, American Premier League and NYPD Cricket League
West Indies Stanford 20/20
Bangladesh Dhaka Premier League T20, National Cricket League T20, Port City Cricket League (PCL)
Zimbabwe Metropolitan Bank Twenty20

Champions Twenty20 League

The Champions League Twenty20 often called CLT20 is a twenty20-based cricket tournament featuring teams from India, South Africa, England, Australia, Sri Lanka, New Zealand, Pakistan and the West Indies. The tournament however does not feature equal number of teams from each country. The Winners and the runners-up of the domestic leagues in India, South Africa, England and Australia and the champions of the other 4 countries are also featured in the tournament.

2008 Season

The first edition was supposed to have featured in India with 8 teams.Though there were rumours that only teams from India, South Africa, Australia and England would be allowed to take part, Sialkot Stallions of Pakistan was also allowed entry. The tournament was however postponed and later cancelled due to the 2008 Mumbai attacks.

2009 Season

After the cancellation of the inaugral edition,the tournament witnessed some changes to enhance fan support. The league was to feature 2 teams from India, South Africa, Australia and England and 1 each from West Indies, New zealand, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. The format of the game was also changed in contrast to the Twenty20 World Cup. However Sialkot Stallions from Pakistan were denied entry due to the political tensions between India and Pakistan and Delhi Daredevils the league topper of the IPL were chosen to substitute them. The venues selected were Hyderabad, Bangalore and Delhi. Domestic league champions Deccan Chargers, Sussex Sharks, Otago Volts and the Wayamba cricket team were eliminated at group stages while the rest of them made it to the league stages.Teams such as Trinidad and Tobago, Cape Cobras, Victoria Bushrangers and NSW Blues who were having a positive lead over their group-parnters Somerset Sabres, Royal Challengers Bangalore, Delhi Daredevils and Diamond Eagles made it into the knockout stages. Nashua Cobras and Victoria Bushrangers were eliminated at the semis while the other two qualified for the finals. NSW Blues crushed the favourite Trinidad and Tobago at the final to crown themselves as the champions.

Teams participating in Champions League Twenty20

2008 2009 2010
Rajasthan Royals Deccan Chargers YTBD
Chennai Super Kings Royal Challengers Bangalore YTBD
Sialkot Stallions Delhi Daredevils YTBD
Nashua Titans Cape Cobras Chevrolet Warriors
Nashua Dolphins Diamond Eagles Highveld Lions
Victoria Bushrangers NSW Blues Victoria Bushrangers
Western Warriors Victoria Bushrangers Southern Redbacks
Middlesex Crusaders Sussex Sharks YTBD
Somerset Sabres YTBD
Wayamba cricket team Wayamba cricket team
Otago Volts Central Districts Stags
Trinidad & Tobago YTBD

Records

These statistics are correct as of 30 August 2009 and include all major cricket level Twenty20 matches.

Most Twenty20 runs

Player Matches Runs HS Career span
Australia Brad Hodge 80 2,547 106 2003–2010
Australia David Hussey 89 2,345 100* 2004–2010
New Zealand Brendon McCullum 78 2,152 158* 2004–2010
New Zealand Ross Taylor 66 1,879 111* 2004–2010
South Africa Graeme Smith 62 1,856 105 2004–2009

Most Twenty20 wickets

Player Matches Wickets BBI Career span
Pakistan Yasir Arafat 69 90 4/17 2006–2010
England Graham Napier 66 88 4/10 2005–2010
South Africa Tyron Henderson 75 84 4/29 2004–2009
Pakistan Umar Gul 49 82 5/6 2005–2010
South Africa Albie Morkel 93 81 4/30 2003–2010

Other records

See also

References

  1. ^ "India hold their nerve to win thriller". Cricinfo.com. September 24, 2007. http://www.cricinfo.com/twenty20wc/content/current/story/312320.html. 
  2. ^ "Afridi fifty seals title for Pakistan". Cricinfo.com. June 21, 2009. http://www.cricinfo.com/wt202009/content/current/story/410042.html. 
  3. ^ a b History of Twenty20 cricket All Out For Nothing. Retrieved 9 June 2008
  4. ^ Newman, Paul; Meet the man who invented Twenty20 cricket - the man missing out on millions; Daily Mail; 11 June 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2009
  5. ^ Perth man seeks credit for Twenty20; The West Australian; 6 January 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2009.
  6. ^ Matches played 13 June 2003 Cricinfo. Retrieved 9 June 2008
  7. ^ Twenty20 Cup, 2003, Final - Surrey v Warwickshire Cricinfo. Retrieved 9 June 2008
  8. ^ a b "Twenty20: Past, Present and Future". India Twenty20. http://www.indiatwenty20.com/twenty20-history.htm. 
  9. ^ "Guyana crowned Stanford 20/20 champions". Cricinfo.com. August 14, 2006. http://www.cricinfo.com/stanford/content/story/256391.html. 
  10. ^ "Dates for Stanford Twenty20 announced". The Jamaica Observer. February 9, 2006. http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/sports/html/20060208T230000-0500_98302_OBS_DATES_FOR_STANFORD_TWENTY___ANNOUNCED.asp. 
  11. ^ "Gabba fans let in for free". Cricket20.com. http://www.thetwenty20cup.co.uk/db/aus/article.asp?NewsID=1093. 
  12. ^ "India crash to nine-wicket defeat". Cricinfo.com. February 1, 2008. http://www.cricinfo.com/ausvind/content/story/334462.html. 
  13. ^ "An interview with Ramji Srinivasan". Takath.com. June 19, 2009. http://www.takath.com/articles/20090619. .
  14. ^ "Hayden heroics shining light of IPL". Canberra Times. May 13, 2009. http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/sport/cricket/hayden-heroics-shining-light-of-ipl/1511995.aspx. 
  15. ^ Quoted in Booth, Lawrence. "Myths; And stereotypes." The Spin, 30 June 2009.
  16. ^ "One-over eliminator could replace bowl-out". cricinfo.com cricinfo.com. 2008-06-27. http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/ci/content/story/358299.html. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  17. ^ "Windies edge NZ in Twenty20 thriller". www.abc.net.au Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008-12-26. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/12/26/2455345.htm. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  18. ^ "Benn stars in thrilling tie". cricinfo.com cricinfo.com. 2008-12-26. http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/nzvwi2008_09/content/current/story/384254.html. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  19. ^ "Vettori opposes Super Over". www.cricinfo.com cricinfo.com. 2008-12-26. http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/nzvwi2008_09/content/story/384312.html. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 
  20. ^ The Explainer (2009-01-13). "One1". www.cricinfo.com cricinfo.com. http://content-aus.cricinfo.com/magazine/content/current/story/386201.html. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Twenty20

Plural
uncountable

Twenty20 (uncountable)

  1. (cricket) A fast form of cricket in which each side bats for just twenty overs

Simple English

Twenty20 or T20 cricket is a short version of the game of cricket. It started in England for inter-county competitions in 2003. A Twenty20 game has two teams, each has a single innings at batting for a maximum of 20 overs.

A Twenty20 game is usually takes about three and half hours, with each innings lasting around 75 minutes. This means that it is similar to other team sports. It was hoped that the games would have more action and that people would enjoy the games, both at the ground and on television. It has been very successful. The England Cricket Board did not want Twenty20 to take over from other forms of cricket and these are still played.

The game has now spread around the cricket world. On most international tours there is at least one Twenty20 match and all Test-playing nations have their own competitions. The first ICC World Twenty20 was played in South Africa in 2007 with India winning by five runs against Pakistan in the final.[1] Pakistan won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20, defeating Sri Lanka by eight wickets.[2] England won the 2010 ICC World Twenty20 defeating Australia in the final by seven wickets.

References


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