Twentynine Palms, California: Wikis

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City of Twentynine Palms
—  City  —
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°8′18″N 116°4′21″W / 34.13833°N 116.0725°W / 34.13833; -116.0725
Country United States
State California
County San Bernardino
Area
 - Total 54.8 sq mi (142 km2)
 - Land 54.8 sq mi (142 km2)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,991 ft (607 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 14,764
 - Density 269.4/sq mi (104/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92277-92278
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-80994
GNIS feature ID 1652804

Twentynine Palms (also 29 Palms) is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 14,764 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Twentynine Palms is located at 34°8′18″N 116°4′21″W / 34.13833°N 116.0725°W / 34.13833; -116.0725 (34.138277, -116.072409)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 142.0 km² (54.8 mi²), all land.

The city is in a desert and mountain area. Located there are Joshua Tree National Park and Park Headquarters, and Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, the world's largest Marine Base. It is located approximately half way between Los Angeles and Las Vegas using Interstates 10 and 15.

Located at an elevation of 1950 feet (595 m) in the Mojave desert of Southern California, Twentynine Palms is recognized for its extreme temperatures. On July 17, 2005, the high temperature hit 119 degrees Fahrenheit (48.3°C), which is a new record for the site. The previous record was 118 degrees Fahrenheit (47.8°C), set on July 11, 1961. The record low temperature is 9 degrees Fahrenheit (-12.2°C), set on December 23, 1990.

History

Twentynine Palms was named for the palm trees located in the Oasis of Mara, at the Joshua Tree National Park headquarters. When the area was settled by gold miners in the late 19th century, there were 29 palm trees growing in the oasis, most of which are still standing today.

After decades as a rest stop for wagon travelers on what's called the "Utah Trail" named for a group of Mormon discoverers, the town was established in the 1920s.

There's a small Indian reservation belonging to the Twentynine Palms band of Mission Indians. The nearby Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms was founded in 1952.

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The Willie Boy Story

Carlota, the daughter of William Mike, a Twentynine Palms Chemehuevi Amerindian who had moved his family to the Gilman Ranch in the Coachella Valley near Banning, was part of a tragedy that rocked Southern California in 1909, and has since been the subject of books and a movie. A cousin named Willie Boy fell in love with her, but their marriage was forbidden because they were cousins. He persuaded her to elope with him, but her father tracked them and brought them back. Accounts vary with respect to what followed, but agree that Willie Boy shot and killed William Mike, perhaps by accident, escaped with Carlota into the desert, was tracked by a Sheriff's posse, and left Carlota hidden in a wash with his coat and waterskin. She died, either shot by the posse by mistake, or due to exposure. According to Chemehuevi tradition, Willie Boy escaped, but has not been seen again[2]

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 14,764 people, 5,653 households, and 3,855 families residing in the city. The population density was 104.0/km² (269.3/mi²). There were 6,952 housing units at an average density of 49.0/km² (126.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.02% White, 9.35% African American, 1.46% Native American, 3.81% Asian, 10.17% Pacific Islander, 6.24% from other races, and 6.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.91% of the population.

The Hispanic population has increased 50% since the 2000 census.

There were 5,653 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 15.2% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 16.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,178, and the median income for a family was $32,251. Males had a median income of $25,081 versus $25,141 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,613. About 13.6% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

In the state legislature Twentynine Palms is located in the 18th Senate District, represented by Republican Roy Ashburn, and in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Paul Cook. Federally, Twentynine Palms is located in California's 41st congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +9[4] and is represented by Republican Jerry Lewis.

Education

Copper Mountain College, is a community college serving the Morongo Basin.[5]

The Morongo Unified School District provides an education for public school students.[6]

Athletics

Twentynine Palms High School won the 2007 Division IV-A Boys Basketball CIF Southern Section Championship. This was their first team CIF championship since 1982 (Small Schools Girls Basketball) and the eighth CIF championship overall for the school. The most successful athletic program earned the other 6 CIF championships, the track and field team [1]. The school competes in the De Anza League.

Media

The Desert Trail newspaper is published weekly.[7] The Sun Runner Magazine of California Desert Life and Culture is published bi-monthly.[8]

Religion

There is a Samoan language branch (similar to a Ward in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) designated the Buena Vista branch.

In popular culture

Music

A song titled "The Lady from Twentynine Palms" was recorded by several artists, including Frank Sinatra in 1939.[9] The town is referred to in two different Sublime songs ("April 29th, 1992" and "Thanx"). Former Led Zeppelin singer Robert Plant had a hit single called "29 Palms", from his solo album Fate of Nations in 1993. A song entitled "29 Palms" appears on the Jazz album Places by Brad Mehldau, released in 2000. The town of Twentynine Palms is also referred to repeatedly in the song "Broken Parakeet Blues" written by Ike Reilly and appearing on the 2007 album We Belong to the Staggering Evening by the Ike Reilly Assassination.

Film

29 Palms is a 2002 murder mystery direct-to-video film that takes place on an Indian casino near town.[10]

Twentynine Palms is a 2003 drama/horror movie.[11]

It was also briefly mentioned in the 1996 movie Independence Day.

Fiction

It was also mentioned in the final book of the Animorphs Book series

References

External links


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