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Coordinates: 51°26′55″N 0°20′13″W / 51.4486°N 0.3369°W / 51.4486; -0.3369

Twickenham
Twickenham rugby.jpg
View showing Twickenham Stadium, 2005
Twickenham is located in Greater London
Twickenham

 Twickenham shown within Greater London
Population 39,675 (St Margarets and North Twickenham, South Twickenham, Twickenham Riverside and West Twickenham wards 2007)[1]
OS grid reference TQ155735
    - Charing Cross 14.1 mi (22.7 km)  NE
London borough Richmond
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TWICKENHAM
Postcode district TW1, TW2
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Twickenham
London Assembly South West
List of places: UK • England • London

Twickenham is a large suburban town in southwest London, England and the administrative headquarters of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It is located 10.3 miles (16.6 km) southwest of Charing Cross and is one of the locally important district centres identified in the London Plan.[2] As part of the suburban growth of London in the 20th century, Twickenham expanded and increased in population, becoming a municipal borough in 1926 and has formed part of Greater London since 1965.[3]

Contents

History

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Pre-Norman

Excavations have shown settlements in the area dating from the Early Neolithic, possibly Mesolithic periods. Occupation seems to have continued through the Bronze Age, the Iron Age and the Roman occupation. The area was first mentioned (as 'Tuican hom' and 'Tuiccanham') in a charter of 13 June 704 AD to cede the area to Waldhere, Bishop of London, 'for the salvation of our souls.'[4] The charter is signed with 12 crosses. The signatories included Swaefred of Essex, Cenred of Mercia and Earl Paeogthath.

Norman

In Norman times Twickenham was part of the Manor of Isleworth - itself part of the Hundred of Hounslow (mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086).[5] The manor had belonged to Ælfgār, Earl of Mercia in the time of Edward the Confessor, but was granted to Walter de Saint-Valery (Waleric) by William I of England after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.

The area was then farmed for several hundred years, while the river provided opportunities for fishing, boatbuilding and trade.

17th century

Bubonic Plague spread to the town in 1605. 67 deaths were recorded. It appears that Twickenham had a Pest House (short for "pestilence") in the 17th century, although the location is not known.

There was also a Watch House in the middle of the town, with stocks, a pillory and a whipping post — its owner charged to "ward within and about this Parish and to keep all Beggars and Vagabonds that shall lye abide or lurk about the Towne and to give correction to such...".

In 1633 construction began on York House. It was occupied by Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester in 1656 and later by Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon.

1659 saw the first mention of the Twickenham Ferry, although ferrymen had already been operating in the area for many generations. Sometime before 1743 a 'pirate' ferry appears to have been started by Twickenham inhabitants. There is speculation that it operated to serve 'The Folly' — a floating hostelry of some kind. Several residents wrote to the Lord Mayor of the City of London:

...Complaining that there is lately fixed near the Shore of Twickenham on the River Thames a Vessell made like a Barge and called the Folly wherein divers loose and disorderly persons are frequently entertained who have behaved in a very indecent Manner and do frequently afront divers persons of Fashion and Distinction who often in an Evening Walk near that place, and desired so great a Nuisance might be removed,....

18th century

Gunpowder manufacture on an industrial scale started in the area in the 18th century, on a site between Twickenham and Whitton on the banks of the River Crane. There were frequent explosions and loss of life. On 11 March 1758 one of two explosions was felt in Reading, Berkshire, and in April 1774 another explosion terrified people at church in Isleworth.

In 1772 three mills blew up, shattering glass and buildings in the neighbourhood. Horace Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford wrote complaining to his friend and relative Henry Seymour Conway, then Lieutenant General of the Ordnance, that all the decorative painted glass had been blown out of his windows at Strawberry Hill.

The powder mills remained in operation until 1927 when they were closed. Much of the site is now occupied by Crane Park, in which the old Shot Tower, mill sluices and blast embankments can still be seen. Much of the area along the river next to the Shot Tower is now a nature reserve.

Later

York House, York Street, Twickenham. The figurehead building of the headquarters for the London Borough of Richmond on Thames.

The 1818 Enclosure Award led to the development of 182 acres (0.74 km2) of land to the west of the town centre largely between the present day Staines and Hampton Roads, new roads - Workhouse Road, Middle Road, 3rd, 2nd and 1st Common Roads (now First-Fifth Cross Roads respectively) - being laid out.[6] During the 18th century and 19th century a number of fine houses were built and Twickenham became a popular place of residence for people of 'Fashion and Distinction' (see Residents section below). Further development was stimulated by the opening of Twickenham station in 1848.

In 1894 Twickenham Urban District Council was formed. In 1902 the council bought Radnor House as the home of the leglislature. The council bought and occupied York House in 1924. (Radnor House was destroyed by a Luftwaffe bomb during the Blitz of 1940).

Electricity was introduced to Twickenham in 1902[7] and the first trams arrived the following year.

In 1939, when All Hallows Lombard Street was demolished in the City of London, its distinctive stone tower designed by Christopher Wren, with its peal of ten bells and connecting stone cloister, and the interior furnishings, including a Renatus Harris organ and a pulpit used by John Wesley, were brought to Twickenham to be incorporated in the new All Hallows Church on Chertsey Road (A316) near Twickenham Stadium.

In 1926 Twickenham was constituted as a municipal borough. Eleven years later the urban district Councils of Teddington, Hampton & Hampton Wick merged with Twickenham. In 1965 the former areas of the boroughs of Twickenham, Richmond and Barnes were combined to form the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. The borough council offices and chamber are located at York House, York Street, Twickenham and in the adjacent civic centre.

The Member of Parliament for Twickenham has been Liberal Democrat Dr Vincent Cable since his first election in 1997. Twickenham (UK Parliament constituency) includes St Margaret's, Whitton, Heathfield, Teddington, Hampton, Fulwell, Hampton Hill and Hampton Wick.

Geography

A map of most of the town of Twickenham.

The town is bordered on the south-eastern side by the River Thames and Eel Pie Island — which is connected to the Twickenham embankment by a narrow footbridge erected in 1957, prior to which access was by means of a hand-operated ferry that was hauled across using a chain on the riverbed. The land adjacent to the river, from Strawberry Hill in the south to Marble Hill Park in the north, is occupied by a mixture of luxury dwellings, formal gardens, public houses and a newly built park and leisure facility.

In the south, in Strawberry Hill, lies St Mary's University College, Twickenham (the oldest Catholic college in the United Kingdom), historically specialising in sports studies, teacher training, religious studies and the humanities Drama studies and English literature. Strawberry Hill was originally a small cottage in two or three acres (8,000 or 12,000 m²) of land by the River Thames. Horace Walpole, a son of the politician Robert Walpole, rented the cottage in 1747 and subsequently bought it and turned it into one of the incunabula of the Gothic revival. The college shares part of its campus with Walpole's Strawberry Hill. On adjacent land were the villa and garden of the poet Alexander Pope. A road just north of the campus is named Pope's Grove, and a local landmark next to the main road is the Alexander Pope (formerly known as Pope's Grotto), a public house and hotel where Pope's landmark informal garden used to be. Near this hostelry lie St Catherine's school for girls and St James's school for boys, formerly a convent, in a building on the site of Pope's white stucco villa and the location of Pope's original — surviving — grotto.

There are a large number of fine houses in the area, many of them Victorian. Radnor Gardens lies opposite the Pope's Grotto.

Twickenham proper begins in the vicinity of the Pope's Grotto, with a large and expensive residential area of (mostly) period houses to the west, and a number of exclusive properties to the east, on or near the river. Further to the north and west lies the district of Whitton, an area of Twickenham, once of allotments and farm land, but now of 1930s housing.

The fashionable district of St Margarets lies immediately to the east of central Twickenham, across the river from Richmond, and is popular for its attractive tree-lined residential roads and an eclectic range of shops and cafés. Much of St Margarets next to the River Thames was formerly Twickenham Park, the estate of Sir Francis Bacon, the 16th century philosopher and Lord Chancellor. St Margarets is also the home of Twickenham Studios, one of London's most important film studios. The London suburb of Isleworth lies to the north of Twickenham and St Margarets.

Nearest places

Education

Twickenham is noted for its arts heritage and embraces the Royal Military School of Music at Kneller Hall and St Mary's University College.

Transport

Until 1971 London Transport operated a bus depot known as "Twickenham Garage" (coded AB) which was located in Cambridge Road, East Twickenham. The relevant destination blind for garage journeys always referred to this location as Richmond Bridge, which was close by. On closure, all its routes and vehicles were transferred to Fulwell Garage, but the building remained under the ownership of London Transport until the mid-1990s when it was demolished to make way for a housing development.

Nearest stations

Sport

Twickenham is home to the headquarters of the Rugby Football Union and Twickenham Rugby Stadium, one of England's largest stadiums in the country. Harlequins, a rugby union and league club play at The Stoop.

References

  1. ^ "Mid-2007 Population Estimates for 2007 Wards in England". Office for National Statistics. 2009. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=13893. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  2. ^ Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)". Greater London Authority. http://www.london.gov.uk/thelondonplan/docs/londonplan08.pdf. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 
  3. ^ Young, K. & Garside, P., (1982). Metropolitan London: Politics and Urban Change 1837-1981. 
  4. ^ First written mention of 'Tuican hom'
  5. ^ Twickenham in the Domesday Book
  6. ^ Twickenham in 1818: The year of the Enclosure, T.H.R.Cashmore, Borough of Twickenham Local History Society Paper 38, 1977
  7. ^ Borough of Twickenham Local History Society Paper 37: The Coming of Electricity to Twickenham, A.C.B.Urwin 1977

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to London/Richmond-Kew article)

From Wikitravel

Richmond-Kew is a district in south-west London.

The view from Richmond Hill, Richmond
The view from Richmond Hill, Richmond

Understand

This is perhaps the area of outer London with the most to offer visitors. Both Richmond and Kew and are located (largely) south of the Thames in the western quadrant of the city. This is a leafy and surprisingly rural district with some lovely riverside scenery. The small area of Barnes is by the Thames at the eastern edge of the district.

Richmond [1] was originally a separate town and before 1965 a part of the county of Surrey. The local inhabitants often view themselves (as do others) as something vaguely separate from the metropolis as a whole. This is perhaps due to Richmond's location on a large loop of the River Thames which surrounds most of the area, its enveloping by several vast royal parks and its previously independent identity. The parks are a major attraction for visitors as are the myriad of fine restaurants and interesting shopping. The areas north of the Thames around Twickenham, Hampton Wick and Bushy Park are part of Richmond and include the magnificent royal palace of Hampton Court.

Located just to the north of Richmond and in the same loop of the Thames, Kew is mostly known for the world famous gardens of the same name. It is also home to some fine Victorian architecture.

  • Richmond Community and Visitor Information Center, Museum of Richmond, Old Town Hall, Whittaker Ave, +44 (0)20 8940 9125 (, fax: +44 (0)20 8940 6899), [2]. M-Sa 10AM-5PM.   edit

Get in

By tube

The district is served by the following tube stations:

  • Richmond (District line)
  • Kew Gardens (District line)
  • Gunnersbury (District line)
  • South West Trains services from London's Waterloo station stop at Richmond. The journey takes 20-30 min, and trains depart every 15-30 min or so. South West Trains also service Hampton Wick and Hampton Court stations (although much less regularly than Richmond).
  • The London Overground line from Stratford terminates at Richmond also stopping at Kew Gardens.
  • Kew Bridge Station is served by National Rail trains out of London Waterloo.

By car

Richmond is only a few miles away from Heathrow Airport, from where taxis to Richmond can be caught. Richmond is also close to the A316, accessible from the M3 and M4 motorways. From the direction of London, Upper Richmond Road becomes Sheen Road, which courses right through the town centre of Richmond.

  • Richmond has a large bus station. The 337 bus from Clapham Junction, the 391, 33, 419 buses from Hammersmith, and the N10 night bus from Kings Cross all stop here, amongst others.
  • Kew can be reached from Richmond and vice versa via the 65 or 391 bus from outside Richmond station.

Get around

Kew

The 65 bus runs the length of the Kew Rd, and the 391 runs up Sandycombe and A316 roads. Yet an active person could walk the length of Kew (from A316 to Kew Bridge) in half an hour.

Hampton Court Palace
Hampton Court Palace
  • Bushy Park, [3]. The second largest of the London Royal Parks, covering an area of 450 hectares (1,099 acres). Lying north of Hampton Court Palace, the history of of the park is inextricably linked to the palace, yet it has always had its own distinct rural character.  edit
  • Hampton Court Palace, East Molesey (Bus R68 from Richmond Station, or by rail from London Waterloo to Hampton Court), +44 8444 827777 (), [4]. 10AM-4:30PM daily. Historic home to English kings such as Henry VIII, now open to the public. There are many attractions which can occupy a whole day visit, including 60 acres of gardens with the famous maze, the Tudor kitchens, the Chapel Royal, the Great Hall, Mantegna's Triumphs of Caesar paintings, and various exhibitions about Henry VIII. £6.50-13.  edit
  • Ham House, Ham Street, Ham TW10 7RS (Bus 371 from Richmond Bus Station), +44 20 8940 1950, [5]. The Duke of Lauderdale's elegant 17th century manor house, a mile or so upriver from Richmond riverside. Free to members of The National Trust.  edit
  • Marble Hill House, Richmond Rd TW1 2NL (Over the river from Ham House), +44 20 8892 5115, [6]. Was home to King George II's mistress, with well-manicured lawns by the riverside. £2.50-5.  edit
  • Richmond Palace. Remains of the once-magnificent palace, home to English kings since Edward I, adjoins Richmond Green, a pleasant open green space and historic cricket ground. Only the Gate House and Wardrobe, now converted into flats, remain.  edit
  • Strawberry Hill House, Strawberry Hill, TW1 4SX, 0871 560 9489, [7]. Erratic hours, phone to check. Eccentric Gothic home of 18th century poet and author, Horace Walpole, son of England's first prime minister.  edit
  • Richmond Park, (tube: Richmond, then bus 371 or 65), [8]. 7AM-dusk. The largest open space in London, covering almost 1,000 hectares (2,500 acres) and home to a huge array of wildlife, including 400 wild deer. Also contains the Royal Ballet School, seen in the film Billy Elliot. Popular with cyclists, both for the on-road perimeter circuit and the off-road trails. There are several car parks for walkers and picnickers. Free.  edit
  • Richmond Hill, (From town centre walk up Hill Rise, which becomes Richmond Hill). The view from the top of the hill (between Friar Stile Road and Nightingale Lane) is protected by an act of parliament and takes in the river, the meadows at the bottom of the hill. Much painted by JMW Turner. Well worth the short walk up the hill and it is on the way to Richmond Park if you are walking from the town.  edit
  • Twickenham, Twickenham Stadium, Rugby Rd, Twickenham, +44 20 8892 8877, [9]. Twickenham is the home of the England national rugby team, and is used mostly for major internationals and cup finals. Tour the stadium and visit the Museum of Rugby. Check their website to avoid being turned away on match days.  edit
  • Museum of Richmond, Old Town Hall, Whittaker Avenue TW9 1TP (tube: Richmond), +44 20 8332 1141 (), [10]. Tu-Sa 11AM- 5PM. Exhibitions on Richmond's history. Free.  edit
The Temperate House at Kew Gardens
The Temperate House at Kew Gardens
  • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, (tube: Kew Gardens), +44 20 8332 5655 (), [11]. From 9.30AM everyday except Dec 24-25, closing time seasonal. This historic and beautiful garden features elements that illustrate significant periods of the art of gardens from the 18th to the 20th centuries, as well as a plant collection second to none in the world. Since their creation in 1759, the gardens have made a significant and uninterrupted contribution to the study of plant diversity and economic botany. The gardens cover 120 hectares (300 acres) and are over 1.5 km long. They contain several major glasshouse complexes, not least the famous Palm House opened in 1848, together with a museum and several follies. £10.25-12.25.  edit
  • Kew Bridge. Fine stone bridge linking Brentford/Chiswick with Kew.  edit
  • Kew Green. Large lawn, split in two by Kew Rd, with St. Mary's Church, Kew Cricket Club and pubs set on or near it.  edit
  • Boat ride. In summer months, either upriver to Teddington Locks or Hampton Court Palace, or downriver to Westminster, offers a good way to relax while enjoying the riverside scenery. Some boats offer a commentary service. The boat ride to Hampton Court takes about an hour and a half, to Teddington Locks about 45 min, and to Westminster about two hours. Boats depart from a dock close to Richmond bridge. You can also hire rowing boats next to the bridge.  edit
  • Curzon, Water Lane (A narrow cobbled street which runs down to the river at the crossroads of Hill St, George St and Red Lion St), [12]. Arthouse cinema.  edit
  • London Wetland Centre, Queen Elizabeth’s Walk, Barnes (tube: Hammersmith, then bus 283), +44 20 84094400 (), [13]. Substantial nature reserve on the old disused Barn Elms Reservoirs. A major wetland habitat for wintering wildfowl and and an excellent choice for any keen birders visiting London. £4.50-8.13.  edit
  • Orange Tree Theatre, Orange Tree Theatre, 1 Clarence Street TW9 2SA. (tube: Richmond), [14]. Offers theatre in the round, where the audience surrounds the stage.  edit
  • Richmond Theatre, The Green TW9 1QJ (tube: Richmond), 0870 060 6651, [15]. See a pre-West End play at this pretty Victorian theatre.  edit
  • Along the river path. Cycle, jog and walk.  edit
  • Tennis, (By Kew Bridge).  edit
  • Yoga, Arch 2, Kew Bridge Arches, +44 20 8940 0888 (), [16]. Offers a range of yoga/pilates classes for all abilities.  edit
  • Richmond Adult Community College [17] offers short- to medium-term courses on subjects such as cooking, foreign languages, IT, and business.
  • Richmond's high street, George St. Contains a few boutique clothing stores and all the standard high street chains, such as Habitat, Marks & Spencer's, WH Smith, HMV, Boots, Uniqlo, Robert Dyas, etc. For more boutique clothes shops, such as Matches, and small art galleries and antiques shops, follow the road up the hill called Hill St, which turns into Hill Rise.  edit
  • House of Fraser (Many locals still call it by its old name, Dickens & Jones), (On the corner of George Street and King Street). Department store.  edit
  • Open Book, King St. Independent bookshop. Rather cramped, but stacked with a very good selection of new books.  edit
  • Lion & the Unicorn, (Almost directly opposite of Open Book), [18]. Children's bookshop.  edit
  • Houben's, (On an alleyway called Church Walk off George St (up the side of Tesco)). Has new (particularly literature, art, history and philosophy) books as well as second-hand books in the basement.  edit
  • Waterstone's, (On the corner of Hill and Red Lion Sts). Branch of a big chainstore.  edit
  • Farmer's Market, Heron Square (Off Hill St). Sa 11AM-3PM. For local produce.  edit

Kew

Immediately by the station is situated Kew Parade, here there are a few chain shops like.

  • Tesco Express, 2/8 Station Parade, Kew Gardens, +44 845 0269355. 7AM-11PM. Small supermarket.  edit
  • Martin's, 10 Station Parade, +44 20 8332 7953. Newsagents.  edit
  • Lloyd's Pharmacy, 19-21 Station Parade, Richmond, +44 20 8940 5800.  edit
  • ABC Music, 9 Royal Parade, Station Approach, Kew Gardens, +44 20 8940 1892 (fax: +44 20 8948 2666). M-Sa 9:30AM-5:30PM.  edit
  • Olivers Wholefoods Store, 5 Station Approach, Kew Gardens, +44 20 8948 3990. A health food and alternative therapies shop.  edit
  • The Shoe Station, 12 Station Parade, Richmond, +44 20 8940 9905.  edit
  • Chez Lindsay, Hill Rise. French cuisine.  edit
  • Don Fernando's, (Near Richmond station). Offers decent Spanish cuisine, such as tapas.  edit
  • The Dragon Inn, Sheen Road. Offers Chinese cuisine and very friendly staff.  edit
  • Gelateria Danieli, Brewer's Lane (Alley between George St and Richmond Green. From George St it is the alley down the side of TopShop and jewellers Courlander's). Great ice cream shop as the queues on sunny summer weekends indicate.  edit
  • Hilltribe, Red Lion St. Thai cuisine.  edit
  • H2O, (Docked close to Richmond bridge). A floating restaurant offering mixed European cuisine (currently closed).  edit
  • NDK. Offers a Japanese-style karaoke diner.  edit
  • Pizzeria Rustica, (Near Richmond station), [20]. Offers award-winning pizzas.  edit
  • Stein's, (On the riverside). A German bierhaus-style restaurant offering authentic German dark beers and food.  edit
  • The Thai Elephant, (Opposite the Richmond bus station). Thai cuisine.  edit

Cafés

  • Austin's, (Overlooking Richmond Green). Does coffee, smoothies, soup and sandwiches and good falafel and tabouli pitta wraps (not listed on the board).  edit
  • Greedies, (On a boat moored almost opposite Tide Tables). Which serves breakfast, coffee and lunches. Great views of Richmond Bridge if you are lucky enough to get one of the outdoor tables at the end of the boat.  edit
  • The Hollyhock Cafe, (In the Terrace Gardens between the Richmond Hill and the river). Great location in the gardens. It sells mainly coffee and cakes and a few lunch dishes.  edit
  • Pembroke Lodge, (In Richmond Park). Café, which sells rather average food and drinks but has a lovely view if you sit outside on the terrace.  edit
  • Petersham Nurseries, Petersham (Off Petersham Road), [21]. Upmarket garden centre with a very upmarket and expensive lunchtime restaurant (closed M and Tu) as well as a cafe (closed M), which sells great soup and sandwiches at lunchtime in a really lovely setting amongst the greenhouses. They have some problems with too many cars upsetting the locals so they encourage people to walk (about 30 min from centre of Richmond) or take a 65 or 371 Kingston bus to Dysart Arms pub stop.  edit
  • Thai Cafe, Hill Rise (Heading towards Richmond Park). Thai cuisine.  edit
  • Tide Tables. Under the arches of Richmond Bridge has a great location with a large outdoor area overlooking the river. It does rather average coffee, juices etc and food such as foccacia and quiches.  edit
  • Curry Garden Tandoori Restaurant, 289 Sandycombe Rd, +44 20 8940 9473, 8332 7375, [22]. 6PM-midnight. A family run authentic Indian restaurant established in Kew for nearly 30 years.  edit
  • The Glasshouse, 14 Station Parade, +44 20 8940 6777, [23].  edit
  • Rara Nepalese Dining, Rara Restaurant, 279 Sandycombe Rd, +44 20 8332 1020 (). A really smart Nepalese restaurant.  edit
  • Pubs on the Richmond riverside include The White Cross (often surrounded by water at high tide), Edwards, The Slug and Lettuce, and the Pitcher and Piano which has a large outdoor terrace. The White Swan [25] is set further back on Old Palace Lane between the river and the Green, and The Waterman's Arms, which serves Thai food, is on Water Lane, nearer the town centre.
  • In town, The Old Ship offers pub grub. The Richmond Arms attracts a gay crowd and offers karaoke nights. Near the bus station is a wine bar called One Paradise Road [26], which also serves food. The chain wine bar All Bar One [27] is on Hill Street and also serves food.
  • Near Richmond train station, The Bear, the Sun, the Orange Tree, and O'Neills, a popular Irish-themed chain bar, are close by.
  • Around Richmond Green, the Cricketers Arms, and the Prince's Head offer food and drinks while watching the action on the Green, with the Britannia slightly set back from the green.
  • Heading up the hill, the Victoria Inn on Hill Rise has a cosy atmosphere and further up the top of the hill is the Roebuck, from which you can take your drink across the road to the Terrace which overlooks the famous view from Richmond Hill. Nearby is the Marlborough on Friar Stile Road, a family friendly pub with a large beer garden out the back (with a children's play area) and the Lass O'Richmond Hill on Queens Road.
  • Further towards Sheen, the White Horse (off the main road behind the Red Cow) has a gastro-pub menu and is family-friendly with a gate opening onto a children's playground, while the Red Cow offers sports television, and has a popular Tuesday night pub quiz.
  • nano cafe (Richmond), 76 Sheen Rd. Lovely food & Italian coffee full of aroma & flavor.  edit
  • The Admiral Nelson, Whitton.  edit
  • The Railway, Kew Gardens Station Station Parade, +44 871 917 0007.  edit
  • Coach and Horses Hotel, 8 Kew Green, [29].  edit
  • The Kew Gardens Hotel, 292-294 Sandycombe Rd, +44 20 8940 2220, [30].  edit
  • Quinns Hotel, 48 Sheen Rd, +44 20 8940 5444.  edit
  • The Richmond Gate Hotel, Richmond Hill, +44 844 855 9121 (fax: +44 20 8332 0354), [32].  edit
  • Richmond Inn Hotel, 50-56 Sheen Rd (opposite Quinns Hotel), +44 20 8940 0171, [33].  edit
  • Richmond Park Hotel, 3 Petersham Rd, +44 20 8948 4666 (fax: +44 20 8940 7376), [34].  edit
  • The Richmond police station is located near the Odeon cinema, on Red Lion St [35].
  • St. Luke's Church, The Avenue, [37]. Service Su 8AM and 11AM. Free.  edit
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

TWICKENHAM, an urban district in the Brentford parliamentary division of Middlesex, England, 12 m. W.S.W. of St Paul's Cathedral, London, on the river Thames. Pop. (1891), 16,027; (1901), 20,991. Its situation is pleasant, and it has grown into an extensive residential district. The body of the church of St Mary was rebuilt in brick after its collapse in 1713, but the Perpendicular tower remains. Among men of eminence buried here are Alexander Pope and Sir Godfrey Kneller. The Thames in this neighbourhood forms a long deep reach in favour with fishermen, and Eel Pie Island is a resort of boating parties. There are many fine houses in the vicinity, more than one possessing historical associations. Strawberry Hill, the residence of Horace Walpole, was built to his taste in a medley of Gothic styles. Marble Hill was erected by George II. for the countess of Suffolk, and Pope, Swift and Gay took part in its equipment. Orleans House was the residence in 1800 of Louis Philippe, then duke of Orleans, and this family again acquired it in 1852, when it was occupied by the duke of Aumale. Several eminent French refugees resided at this period in the neighbourhood. In 1700 the young duke of Gloucester, son of Queen Anne, died here. York House was given to Lord Clarendon by Charles II., was probably the occasional residence of James II. when duke of York, and in 1864 was occupied by the comte de Paris, nephew of the duke of Aumale. Twickenham House was the residence of Sir John Hawkins, author of the History of Music, and Twickenham Park House, no longer standing, that of Lord Chancellor Bacon. Pope's Villa was replaced by another building after his death, but the tunnel which connected his garden and house beneath a road, and was ornamented by him as a grotto, remains. Other eminent residents were Turner, who occupied Sandycombe Lodge, and painted many of his famous works here, Henry Fielding the novelist, and Tennyson. Kneller Hall, the house built by Kneller (1711), was converted into a training college for masters of workhouse schools in 1847, and in 1856 became the Royal Military School of Music.

Twickenham at the Domesday survey was included in Isleworth. Anciently it was called Twittenham or Twicanham, and the first form, or a variation of it, is used by both Pope and Walpole. The manor was given in 941 by King Edmund to the monks of Christ Church, Canterbury, from whom it had been previously taken, but it was again alienated, for it was restored to the same monks by Edred in 948. In the reign of Henry VIII. it came into the possession of the Crown, and by Charles I. was assigned to Henrietta Maria as part of her jointure. It was sold during the Protectorate, but after the Restoration the queen mother resumed possession of it. In 1670 it was settled for life on Catherine of Braganza, queen of Charles II. It remains in possession of the Crown, but since the death of Catherine has been let on leases. The old manor house, now demolished, was Catherine's residence; and had been, according to tradition, the place of the retirement of Catherine of Aragon after her divorce from Henry VIII.


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