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Do Bigha Zamin

Film poster
Directed by Bimal Roy
Produced by Bimal Roy
Written by Salil Choudhury (story)
Paul Mahendra (dialogue)
Hrishikesh Mukherjee (scenario)
Starring Balraj Sahni
Nirupa Roy
Ratan Kumar
Jagdeep
Murad
[Nana Palsikar]
Music by Salil Choudhury
Cinematography Kamal Bose
Editing by Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Distributed by Shemaroo Video Pvt. Ltd.
Release date(s) 1953
Running time 142 min.
Country India
Language Hindi

Do Bigha Zamin (meaning "two acres of land") is 1953 Bollywood film, directed by Bengali film director Bimal Roy and star Balraj Sahni and Nirupa Roy in lead roles. The film is known for its socialist theme, and is an important film in the early parallel cinema of India and is rightly considered a trend setter.[1]

Like most of movies by Bimal Roy, art and commercial cinema are merged to create a movie that is still looked upon as a benchmark and paved way for future cinema makers in the Indian neo-realist movement[2] and the Indian New Wave, which began in the 1950s.[3]

Di Bigha Zameen was the first film to win the Filmfare Best Movie Award and the first Indian film to win the International Prize at the Cannes Film Festival.[4] In 2005, Indiatimes Movies ranked the movie amongst the Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films.[5]

Contents

Plot

The story revolves around a farmer, Shambhu (Balraj Sahni), who has been hit badly by a famine in Bengal. The real reason of his sorrow is that the Zamindar (land owner) wants to acquire his land on the pretext that Shambhu had taken some loan from him. Shambhu has to pay back the landlord and hence moves to the city to look for some other source of money.

The most famous scene from the movie is when Shambhu pushes himself to the limit pulling a rickshaw. The rider on the rickshaw offers Shambhu more money to pull faster because he is chasing (probably) his girlfriend who is in a horse pulled carriage. Shambhu can not resist the temptation, and he keeps smiling in anticipation of getting more money. However, his wealthy customer is not worried the least about the lower class' plight. In this race, rickshaw loses a wheel and Shambhu is injured.

However, through all these hardships Shambhu does not lose his righteousness, which is the moral of the movie. Shambhu's son steals money to help his father, only to be reproached by his father later. Shambhu's morality is the only thing that remains his own till the end.

The movie ends with Shambhu returning to his village, only to see his land sold and a factory being constructed over it.

The movie got the name from a famous poem by Rabindranath tagore, called "Dui Bigha Jomi".

Awards and nominations

7th Cannes Film Festival (1954) [4]
  • Winner - Prix Internationale (International Prize)
  • Nominated - Grand Prize (Best Film)
Karlovy Vary International Film Festival [2]
  • Winner - Prize for Social Progress
1st Filmfare Awards (1954)
National Film Awards (India)
  • Winner - Certificate of Merit

The Title

In the name of the movie "Two Bigha of Land" or Two Acres of Land, Bigha or Acre is a unit of measuring land. Bigha varies from state to state. In Bengal, where the movie is based, 3 bigha is one acre (4,000 m²). Therefore, Shambhu owns only 2,700 m².

References

External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
--
Filmfare Award for Best Film
1953
Succeeded by
Boot Polish
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Do Bigha Zamin
File:Do Bigha Zamin 1953 film
Film poster
Directed by Bimal Roy
Produced by Bimal Roy
Written by Salil Choudhury (story)
Paul Mahendra (dialogue)
Hrishikesh Mukherjee (scenario)
Starring Balraj Sahni
Nirupa Roy
Ratan Kumar
Jagdeep
Murad
Music by Salil Choudhury
Cinematography Kamal Bose
Editing by Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Distributed by Shemaroo Video Pvt. Ltd.
Release date(s) 1953
Running time 142 min.
Country India
Language Hindi

Two Acres of Land (Hindi: Do Bigha Zamin) is 1953 Bollywood film, directed by Bengali film director Bimal Roy and star Balraj Sahni and Nirupa Roy in lead roles. The film is known for its socialist theme, and is an important film in the early parallel cinema of India and is rightly considered a trend setter.[1]

Like most of movies by Bimal Roy, art and commercial cinema are merged to create a movie that is still looked upon as a benchmark and paved way for future cinema makers in the Indian neo-realist movement[2] and the Indian New Wave, which began in the 1950s.[3]

Di Bigha Zameen was the first film to win the Filmfare Best Movie Award and the first Indian film to win the International Prize at the Cannes Film Festival.[4] In 2005, Indiatimes Movies ranked the movie amongst the Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films.[5]

Contents

Plot

The story revolves around a farmer, Shambhu (Balraj Sahni), who has been hit badly by a famine in Bengal. The real reason of his sorrow is that the Zamindar (land owner) wants to acquire his land on the pretext that Shambhu had taken some loan from him. Shambhu has to pay back the landlord and hence moves to the city to look for some other source of money.

The most famous scene from the movie is when Shambhu pushes himself to the limit pulling a rickshaw. The rider on the rickshaw offers Shambhu more money to pull faster because he is chasing (probably) his girlfriend who is in a horse pulled carriage. Shambhu can not resist the temptation, and he keeps smiling in anticipation of getting more money. However, his wealthy customer is not worried the least about the lower class' plight. In this race, rickshaw loses a wheel and Shambhu is injured.

However, through all these hardships Shambhu does not lose his righteousness, which is the moral of the movie. Shambhu's son steals money to help his father, only to be reproached by his father later. Shambhu's morality is the only thing that remains his own till the end.

The movie ends with Shambhu returning to his village, only to see his land sold and a factory being constructed over it.

Awards and nominations

7th Cannes Film Festival (1954) [4]
  • Winner - Prix Internationale (International Prize)
  • Nominated - Grand Prize (Best Film)
Karlovy Vary International Film Festival [2]
  • Winner - Prize for Social Progress
1st Filmfare Awards (1954)
National Film Awards (India)
  • Winner - Certificate of Merit

The Title

In the name of the movie "Two Bigha of Land" or Two Acres of Land, Bigha or Acre is a unit of measuring land. Bigha varies from state to state. In Bengal, where the movie is based, 3 bigha is one acre (4,000 m²). Therefore, Shambhu owns only 2,700 m².

References

External links

Template:Start box |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #FFF179;" |Awards and achievements |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
-- |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Filmfare Award for Best Film
1953 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Boot Polish |- |}


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