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City of Tyler
—  City  —
Nickname(s): Rose City
Location of Tyler, Texas
Coordinates: 32°20′3″N 95°18′0″W / 32.33417°N 95.3°W / 32.33417; -95.3Coordinates: 32°20′3″N 95°18′0″W / 32.33417°N 95.3°W / 32.33417; -95.3
Country United States United States
State Texas Texas
County Smith
 - Type Council-Manager
 - City Council Mayor Barbara Bass
Charles Alworth
Donald Sanders
Ralph Caraway
Nathaniel Moran
Steve Smith
Chris Simons
 - City Manager Mark McDaniel
 - Total 128.0 km2 (49.4 sq mi)
 - Land 127.7 km2 (49.3 sq mi)
 - Water 0.3 km2 (0.1 sq mi)
Elevation 165 m (544 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 83,650
 Density 655.1/km2 (1,696/sq mi)
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75700-75799
Area code(s) 430, 903
FIPS code 48-74144[1]
GNIS feature ID 1348998[2]

Tyler is a city in and the county seat of Smith County, Texas in the United States.[3] The city is named for President John Tyler in recognition of his support for Texas's admission to the United States. The 2000 census recorded the city's population to be 83,650, while in 2008 it was estimated to have reached 108,772.[4] Tyler is the principal city of the Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger Tyler-Jacksonville combined statistical area and includes surrounding communities such as the Town of Flint, the Town of Gresham, and the City of Noonday.

Tyler has been nicknamed the "Rose Capital of the world" because of its large role in the rose-growing industry; about 20% of commercial rose bushes produced in the U.S. are grown in Tyler and Smith County and more than half of the rose bushes are packaged and shipped from the area.[citation needed] It has the nation's largest municipal rose garden and hosts the Texas Rose Festival each October, which draws more than 100,000 spectators.[5]

In 1985, the international Adopt-a-Highway movement originated in Tyler when, after appeals by local Texas Department of Transportation officials, the local Civitan chapter adopted a 2-mile (3-km) stretch of U.S. Highway 69. Tyler is also home to the Caldwell Zoo.

Increasingly, Tyler is becoming recognized as an ideal city for retirees. A[6] survey of retirement cities lists Tyler as one of America's top retirement cities.[7]



Climate chart (explanation)
average max. and min. temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: / NWS

Tyler is located at 32°20′03″N 95°18′00″W / 32.334249°N 95.299927°W / 32.334249; -95.299927 [8] Elevation: 544 feet. Tyler is surrounded by many smaller cities including Whitehouse, Lindale, New Chapel Hill, Bullard, Edom, Brownsboro, and Chandler.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.4 square miles (128.0 Square kilometres), of which, 49.3 square miles (127.7 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.22%) is water.


Tyler enjoys weather typical of East Texas, which is unpredictable, especially in the spring time. All of East Texas has the humid subtropical climate typical of the Southeast in North America.

The record high for Tyler is 111°F (44°C), which occurred on July 31, 1921. The record low for Tyler is -3°F (-19°C), which occurred on January 18, 1930.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 83,650 people, 32,525 households, and 21,076 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,696.7 people per square mile (655.1/km²). There were 35,337 housing units at an average density of 716.7/sq mi (276.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.72% White, 26.83% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 8.46% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. 15.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 32,525 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.12.

The city's population was spread out by age, with 26% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 20% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,163, and the median income for a family was $43,618. Males had a median income of $31,728 versus $22,397 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,184. 16.8% of the population and 13.0% of families were below the poverty threshold. 23.3% of those under the age of 18 and 12.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.



Local government

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $87.7 million in Revenues, $101.7 million in expenditures, $49.2 million in total assets, $12.3 million in total liabilities, and $17.6 million in cash in investments.[9]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[10]

City Department Director
City Manager Mark McDaniel
Director of Finance Daniel Crawford
Director of Budget and Human Resources ReNissa M. Wade
Director of Communications and Media Relations Susan Guthrie
Chief Information Officer Benny Yazdanpanahi
Director of Public Works Greg Morgan
Director of Solid Waste Dan Brotton
Fire Chief Neil Franklin
Police Chief Gary Swindle
City Attorney Gary C. Landers
Director of Planning and Zoning Barbara Holly
Director of Vehicle Services Russ Jackson

The Northeast Texas Public Health District[11] is a political subdivision under the State of Texas established by the City of Tyler and Smith County. In place for nearly 70 years, the Health District became a separate entity in 1994, with an administrative Public Health Board. With a stated vision "To be the Healthiest Community in Texas," the district has a full time staff of over 130 employees. The Health District has a broad range of services and responsibilities dedicated to their Mission: "To Protect, Promote, and Provide for the Health of our Community."

State government

The Texas Twelfth Court of Appeals is located in Tyler.[12]


Colleges and Universities

Tyler's higher education institutions include the University of Texas at Tyler and the University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, both part of the University of Texas System, Tyler Junior College, and Texas College.

Primary and secondary schools

Public primary and secondary education for much of the city is provided by the Tyler Independent School District, which includes two high schools, John Tyler and Robert E. Lee; Premier High School of Tyler a public charter school; several Tyler schools offer International Baccalaureate and Advance Placement programmes.

Portions of incorporated Tyler are served by surrounding school districts. These include sections of southeast Tyler by the Whitehouse Independent School District, and some sections in the east which are served by the Chapel Hill Independent School District.


In addition to its role in the rose-growing industry, Tyler is the headquarters for Brookshire Grocery Company, which operates Brookshire's and Super 1 Foods, and Ole! supermarkets in four states. The company's main distribution center is located in south Tyler, while SouthWest Foods, a subsidiary that produces dairy products, is located just north-east of the city. Adams Engineering has also made its headquarters in Tyler.

According to the City's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[13] the top ten employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 East Texas Medical Center 3,650
2 Trinity Mother Frances Health System 3,567
3 Tyler Independent School District 2,572
4 Brookshire Grocery Company 2,190
5 Trane Company 1,949
6 Wal-Mart 1,670
7 Carrier Corporation 1,201
8 SuddenLink 1,057
9 Tyler Junior College 998
10 The University of Texas at Tyler 854

The manufacturing sector includes:

  • Tyler Pipe, a subsidiary of McWane Inc. that produces soil and utility pipe products
  • Trane, a business of Ingersoll-Rand, formerly a unit of American Standard Companies, which manufactures air conditioners and heat pumps (this plant was originally built in 1955 by General Electric)
  • Carrier, which manufactures air conditioners
  • Delek Refining, an Israeli owned oil refinery formerly dba La Gloria Oil and Gas Co (a Crown Central Petroleum subsidiary).
  • Ferguson Beauregard, an operating company of Dover Corporation that specializes in equipment for the measurement and production of natural gas using the plunger lift method.
  • Vesuvius USA, a division of Cookson Group that manufactures refractory ceramics used in the steel industry.
  • Cavender's Boot City, a large regional western wear retailer and manufacture.

Also produced in Tyler are John Soules Foods' fajita and other meat products, Greenberg's Smoked Turkeys, Distant Lands Coffee Roasters coffee, Tyler Candle Co. jar candles, Tyler Products, and a variety of small high-tech businesses including, Group M7, CBI , Power-Up, and Arrick Robotics.

Tyler is also a major medical center which serves the city as well as the surrounding East Texas area.

Recreation and tourism

Annually, the Texas Rose Festival draws thousands of tourists to Tyler.[14] The festival, which celebrates the role of the rose-growing industry in the local economy, is held in October and features a parade, the coronation of the Rose Queen, and other civic events. There is also a Rose Museum featuring the history of the Festival. Tyler is home to Caldwell Zoo, several local museums, Lake Palestine, Lake Tyler, and numerous golf courses and country clubs.[15] There is also an "Azalea Trail," which are 2 officially designated routes within the city that showcase homes or other landscaped venues adorned with azalea shrubs.[16] Tyler State Park is a few miles away where visitors can camp, canoe, and paddle boat on the lake. Activities include picnicking; camping; boating (motors allowed - 5 mph speed limit); boat rentals; fishing; birding; hiking; mountain biking and hiking trails; lake swimming (in unsupervised swimming area); and nature study. The Smith County Historical Society operates a museum and archives in the old Carnegie Library.[17] The East Texas State Fair is held annually in Tyler.[18] Lake Tyler was the location of the HGTV Dream Home contest in 2005. The 6,500 square feet (600 m²) house briefly boosted tourism and interest in the community. It subsequently was sold at public auction in January, 2008, for 1.325 million dollars.[19]


The Smith County Historical Society, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, was founded in 1959 by individuals and business firms dedicated to discovering, collecting and preserving data, records and other items relating to the history of Smith County, Texas. The Society operates a museum and archives, which is located in the former Carnegie Public Library building in downtown Tyler. Permanent museum exhibits include life-size dioramas with Smith County history topics ranging from Caddo Indians to the Twentieth Century. Other items from the Society's collections are showcased in revolving, temporary exhibits. The Society's archival library contains historical artifacts of Smith County, including newspapers, city directories, school records, photographs, maps, historical papers, rare books and much more. The archives are open to the public for research on a limited schedule with volunteer staff on duty. The Society is also the official caretaker of Camp Ford Historic Park.

Camp Ford was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War Camp west of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War. The original site of the Camp stockade is now a public historic park, owned by Smith County, Texas, and managed by the Smith County Historical Society. The park contains a kiosk, paved trail, interpretive signage, a cabin reconstruction, and a picnic area. It is located on Highway 271, 0.8 miles north of Loop 323.


Aerial photo of Tyler Pounds Regional Airport in Tyler, Texas, shot by Butler Planning Services on 9/9/2005.

As with much of modern America the automobile is the most common form of transportation. Tyler is a nexus of several major highways. Interstate 20 runs along the north edge of the city going east and west, U.S. Highway 69 runs north-south through the center of town and State Highway 64 runs east-west through the city. Tyler also has access to U.S. Highway 271, State Highway 31, State Highway 155, and State Highway 110. Loop 323 was established in 1957 and originally encircled the city, which has continued to grow outside of the loop. This expansion is the reason for the new loop 49 which is currently under construction. Loop 49, designed to be an "outer loop" around the city, and connect to I20. The first five-mile segment, which connects Highway 155 south with Highway 69 south, opened for use on August 17, 2006. A second segment connecting Highway 69 with Paluxy Drive opened in January, 2008.

Public transportation

The city's Tyler Transit buses run daily, excluding Sundays and holidays. Greyhound Lines bus service is available through a downtown terminal.

Via air

Tyler Pounds Regional Airport offers service to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport via American Eagle and to Houston's George Bush Intercontinental Airport via Colgan Air Continental Connection.

Via train

Tyler was the hub for a series of short-line railroads which later evolved into the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, better known as "The Cotton Belt Route." This line later became part of the Southern Pacific Railroad, which itself merged with the Union Pacific Railroad, which continues to serve the city today.


Hospitals located in Tyler include East Texas Medical Center, Trinity Mother Frances Health System, University of Texas Health Center at Tyler, and Texas Spine & Joint Hospital. Tyler serves as a major medical center for communities throughout East Texas.[citation needed]

Private schools

The Tyler Catholic School System of the Catholic Diocese of Tyler consists of St. Gregory Elementary and Bishop Thomas K. Gorman Middle/High School. There are several other private schools, including King's Academy Christian School, Grace Community School, Christian Heritage School, East Texas Christian Academy, All Saints Episcopal School, and Good Shepherd Reformed Episcopal School.[citation needed]


There are currently 14 media outlets and one newspaper located in Tyler, as well as many more in the surrounding areas.



UHF Cable Call Network
Channel Channel Letters
Stations Broadcast from Tyler
19 11 KYTX CBS
56 10 KETK NBC
Stations with Tyler Coverage Area
51 12 KFXK FOX


AM stations

Frequency Call Leters Format Name
Stations Broadcast from Tyler
600 KTBB News/Talk
690 KZEY Urban Contemporary
1330 KGLD Gospel The Light
1490 KYZS Sports ESPN


Baseball teams

  • Tyler Elbertas (1912)
  • Tyler Trojans (1924-1929, 1931, 1935-1940, 1946-1950)
  • Tyler Sports (1932)
  • Tyler Governors (1933-1934)
  • Tyler East Texans (1950-1953)
  • Tyler Tigers (1954-1955)
  • Tyler Wildcatters (1994-1997)
  • Tyler Roughnecks (2001)


  • East Texas Twisters (2004)

High school sports teams


Notable events

  • On May 11, 2003, East Texas housewife Deanna Laney murders two of her children and maimed another, claiming God told her to do it. She was eventually acquitted by reason of insanity.[20]
  • On February 24, 2005, David Hernandez Arroyo Sr. murdered his ex-wife and wounded his son in front of the Smith County Courthouse in Tyler, Texas. A shootout and escape attempt followed, and Arroyo was killed.[21]
  • The 2007 reality show Anchorwoman was filmed in Tyler, at CBS affiliate KYTX. The show ran for two episodes aired on one night before being canceled by Fox.
  • On the evening of February 2, 2009 a fire engulfed a number of historic buildings located in downtown Tyler. Eight different fire departments responded to the fire.[22]
  • On September 23, 2009, a teacher at John Tyler High School was stabbed and killed by a student.[23]

Notable Tylerites





Sister cities

See also


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Mallette, Cindy (2008-07-20). "City Helping Census Bureau On 2010 Count". Tyler Morning Telegraph (T. B. Butler Publishing Co). Retrieved 2008-08-16. 
  5. ^ Mozo, Jessica (2006). "Glamour and Glitter". Images of Tyler (Journal Communications, Inc.) 1: 42–43. 
  6. ^ The Best Retirement Cities and Towns in the U.S. - Home prices, demographics, environment, crime, etc.
  7. ^ Top Ranked Retirement Cities in the U.S.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ City of Tyler CAFR Retrieved 2009-06-07
  10. ^ City of Tyler website Retrieved 2009-06-07
  11. ^ Northeast Texas Public Health District website Retrieved 2009-08-18
  12. ^ "Contact Information." Twelfth Eleventh Court of Appeals. Retrieved on March 10, 2010.
  13. ^ City of Tyler 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, p. 152 Retrieved 2009-06-24
  14. ^ Until Now
  15. ^ Navarro, Edward (2006). "It's Tee Time in Tyler". Images of Tyler (Journal Communications, Inc.) 1: 57. 
  16. ^ Tyler Azalea Trail - Frequently Asked Questions
  17. ^ Smith County Historical Society
  18. ^ East Texas State Fair
  19. ^ KLTV 7 News, Your East Texas News Leader, News, Weather, Sports, Community, Jobs, Cars and Much more. | HGTV Dream Home Sold, $1.325 Million
  20. ^ [1]Deanna Laney Acquitted
  21. ^ Smith County Courthouse shooting
  22. ^ (Newspaper)Palestine Herald Press. February 3, 2009. 
  23. ^ John Tyler Teacher is Fatally Stabbed | | The News Station
  24. ^ "An Update From Max". 2009-05-20. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  25. ^ New Page 1

External links


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