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A typographic error in the Bible

A typographical error (often shortened to typo) is a mistake made in, originally, the manual type-setting (typography) of printed material, or more recently, the typing process. The term includes errors due to mechanical failure or slips of the hand or finger, but excludes errors of ignorance.[1] Before the arrival of printing, the "copyist's mistake" was the equivalent for manuscripts. Most typos involve simple duplication, omission, transposition, or substitution of a small number of characters.

A typographical error is distinct from an orthographical error; the latter is characterised by incorrect usage of language.

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"Intentional" typos

Certain typos, or kinds of typos, have achieved widespread notoriety and are occasionally used deliberately for humorous purposes. For instance, the British newspaper The Guardian is sometimes referred to as The Grauniad for its apparent frequent typesetting errors in the era before computer typesetting,[2] begun as a running joke in the satirical magazine Private Eye.[3] The magazine continues to refer to The Guardian by this name to this day.

Typos are common on the internet in chatrooms, Usenet and the World Wide Web and some, such as "teh", "pwned", and "pron" have become in-jokes among Internet groups and subcultures.[4]

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Typosquatting

Typosquatting is a form of cybersquatting which relies on typographical errors made by Internet users.[5] Typically, the cybersquatter will register a plausible typo of a well-known website address in hopes of receiving traffic when Internet users mistype that address into a web browser. Deliberately introducing typos into a web page, or into its metadata, can also draw unwitting visitors when they enter these typos in Internet search engines.

Typos in online auctions

Since the emergence and popularization of online auction sites such as eBay, misspelled auction searches have quickly become a gold mine for deal hunters.[6] The concept on which these searches are based is that if an individual posts an auction and misspells its description and/or title, regular searches will not find this auction. However, a search which includes misspelled alterations of the original search term in such a way as to create misspellings, transpositions, omissions, double strike, and wrong key errors would find most misspelled auctions. The resulting effect is that there are far fewer bids than there would be under normal circumstances allowing for the searcher to obtain the item for less. A series of third party web sites have sprung up allowing people to find these items. [7]

Marking typos

Correction fluid is used to correct typographical errors after the document is printed.

When using a typewriter without correction tape, typos are commonly overstruck with another character such as a slash. This saves the typist the trouble of retyping the entire page to eliminate the error, but as evidence of the typo remains, it is not aesthetically pleasing.

In instant messaging, users often send messages in haste and only afterwards notice the typo. It is common practice to correct the typo by sending a subsequent message where an asterisk precedes or follows the correct word. For example:

Wikipedia123: did you ese her?
Wikipedia123: see*

In such forms of teletype that have no backspace or delete key (particularly those that use Baudot code), an error that is caught immediately will be followed by 'X' repeated a few times, as a sort of representation of the mistake being exed out, with the correct spelling following, for example:

WE'LL DISCUSS DESSERT WHEN I RETRUN XXX RETURN.

In formal prose it is sometimes necessary to quote accurately text containing typos. In such cases, the author will usually write "[sic]" to indicate that an error was in the original quoted source rather than in the transcription.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Wordnet definition". Wordnet. Princeton University. http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?o2=&o0=1&o7=&o5=&o1=1&o6=&o4=&o3=&s=typographical+error. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  2. ^ Taylor, Ros (2000-09-12). "Internet know-how: Spelling". Guardian Unlimited. http://education.guardian.co.uk/old/schools/story/0,,367177,00.html. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  3. ^ Lyall, Sarah (1998-02-16). "Confession as Strength At a British Newspaper". New York Times. The New York Times Company. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=940CE3DD1F3CF935A25751C0A96E958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  4. ^ Marsden, Rhodri (2006-10-18). "What do these strange web words mean?". Independent Online. Independent News & Media. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20061018/ai_n16782823. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  5. ^ Sullivan, Bob (2000-09-23). "'Typosquatters' turn flubs into cash". ZDNet. http://news.zdnet.com/2100-9595_22-502915.html?legacy=zdnn. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  6. ^ KING5 Staff (2004-07-01). "How finding mistakes can net great deals on eBay". King5. KING-TV. http://www.king5.com/business/stories/NW_070104BUBebaytipEL.2b7cc3d91.html. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  
  7. ^ Douglas Quenqua (2008-11-23). "Help for eBay Shoppers Who Can’t Spell". NYT. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/24/business/media/24typo.html?_r=1&scp=2&sq=typos%20ebay&st=cse.  
  8. ^ Wilson, Kenneth G. (1993). "sic (adv.)". The Columbia Guide to Standard American English.. Columbia University Press. http://www.bartleby.com/68/67/5467.html. Retrieved 2007-11-12.  

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