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Tyrol
Tirol
—  State of Austria  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Country  Austria
Capital Innsbruck
Government
 - Governor Günther Platter (ÖVP)
Area
 - Total 12,648 km2 (4,883.4 sq mi)
Population
 - Total 701,556
 Density 55.5/km2 (143.7/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code AT-7
NUTS Region AT3
Votes in Bundesrat 5 (of 62)
Website www.tirol.gv.at
The districts of Tyrol.

Tyrol (German: Tirol) is a state or Bundesland, located in the west of Austria. It comprises the Austrian part of the historical region of Tyrol.

The state is split into two parts – called North Tyrol and East Tyrol – by a 20 km-wide strip of land where the state of Salzburg borders directly on the Italian Province of Bolzano-Bozen (Alto Adige/South Tyrol).

North Tyrol borders Bavaria (Germany) in the north, the state of Vorarlberg in the west, Italy and Switzerland in the south and Salzburg in the east. East Tyrol also borders Carinthia in the east.

The highest mountain in the state is the Großglockner in the Hohe Tauern, with an elevation of 3,798 m (12,461 ft.). This is second only to the highest mountain of South Tyrol, the Ortler, 3,905 m (12,812 ft.).

The capital is Innsbruck. The city is known for its university, especially in medicine. Tyrol is popular for its famous ski resorts, which include Kitzbühel, Ischgl and St. Anton. Other larger towns are Kufstein, Schwaz, Reutte and Landeck.

Contents

Administrative divisions

The state is divided into 8 districts (Bezirke), and one statutory city, Innsbruck. The districts and their administrative centres, from west to east and north to south, are:

Statutory city:

North Tyrol:

East Tyrol:

History

The perimeter of Nazi Germany's planned National Redoubt, as assumed by the Americans.

Historically, the region was part of the County of Tyrol, which formed part of the Holy Roman Empire, later the Austrian Empire and finally was a Kronland (royal territory) of Austria-Hungary. The County of Tyrol extended beyond the boundaries of today's state. Historical references to Tyrol (before World War I) include in addition to today's Tyrol (North Tyrol and East Tyrol) the Italian provinces of Bolzano-Bozen (Alto Adige or South Tyrol) and Trento (Trentino). After World War I, these became part of Italy according to the provisions of the Treaty of Saint Germain.

In late 1944, Nazi Germany planned a last-ditch stand in Tyrol, but it was too late and nothing actually took place at the envisaged National Redoubt.

See also

External links


Coordinates: 47°16′6.92″N 11°23′35.72″E / 47.2685889°N 11.3932556°E / 47.2685889; 11.3932556








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