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U
Basic Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd    
Ee Ff Gg Hh
Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt
Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

U is the twenty-first letter in the basic modern Latin alphabet. Its name in English (pronounced /ˈjuː/) is spelled u;[1] the plural is ues, though this is rare.[2]

Contents

History

The letter U ultimately comes from the Semitic letter Waw by way of the letter V. See the letter V for details.

During the late Middle Ages, two forms of "v" developed, which were both used for modern u and v. The pointed form "v" was written at the beginning of a word, while a rounded form "u" was used in the middle or end, regardless of sound. So whereas valor and excuse appeared as in modern printing, "have" and "upon" were printed haue and vpon. The first distinction between the letters "u" and "v" is recorded in a Gothic alphabet from 1386, where "v" preceded "u". By the mid-1500s, the "v" form was used to represent the consonant and "u" the vowel sound, giving us the modern letter "u". Capital "U" was not accepted as a distinct letter until many years later.[3]

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of U
NATO phonetic Morse code
Uniform ··–
ICS Uniform.svg Semaphore Uniform.svg ⠥
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode the capital U is codepoint U+0055 and the lowercase u is U+0075.

The ASCII code for capital U is 85 and for lowercase u is 117; or in binary 01010101 and 01110101, correspondingly.

The EBCDIC code for capital U is 228 and for lowercase u is 164.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "U" and "u" for upper and lower case respectively.

See also

References

  1. ^ "U" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993)
  2. ^ Brown & Kiddle (1870) The institutes of English grammar, p 19.
    Ues is the plural of the name of the letter; the plural of the letter itself is U's, Us, u's, or us.
  3. ^ Pflughaupt, Laurent (2008). Letter by Letter: An Alphabetical Miscellany. trans. Gregory Bruhn. Princeton Architectural Press. pp. 123–124. ISBN 9781568987378. http://books.google.com/books?id=63Qnbt2CMiMC&pg=PA124. Retrieved 2009-06-21.  
The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter U with diacritics

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646



Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

The Universal Character Set
LetterU.svg
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER U
Basic Latin U+0055

Contents

Translingual

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Letter

U upper case (lower case u)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Symbol

U

  1. (chemistry) Symbol for uranium.
  2. (genetics) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for uracil

See also

Other representations of U:


English

Pronunciation

Letter

U (uppercase, lowercase u)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the English alphabet, preceded by T and followed by V.

Derived terms

Noun

Singular
U

Plural
U's

U (plural U's)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the English alphabet.

Abbreviation

U

  1. (British film certificate) Universal - suitable for all ages
  2. Under
  3. University
  4. Up, Upper

Adjective

U

  1. (chiefly British) Characteristic of the upper classes, particularly in use of language.

Antonyms

Quotations

  • [1956], Alan S.C. Ross, “U and non-U,” in Brewer’s Anthology of England and the English, David Milsted [1]
    To TAKE a bath is non-U against U to HAVE one’s bath.
  • 1956, Nancy Mitford, Noblesse Oblige: an Inquiry into the Identifiable Characteristics of the English Aristocracy
    In a treatise that still causes ripples in English society, Mitford defined various terms as either U (upper class) or non-U.
  • 1992, Stephan Gramley, Survey of Modern English [2]
    Other, perhaps more contentious generalizations, which nevertheless contain a certain amount of truth, are that afternoon tea is U, starts at four and typically consists of tea, thin sandwiches and cakes.
  • 1992, Linda Rosenkrantz, Beyond Charles and Diana [3]

Proper noun

Singular
U

Plural
-

U

  1. A language belonging to the Austro-Asiatic language family which is spoken in China.

Synonyms

  • P'uman

External links


American Sign Language

Letter

U (Stokoe U)

  1. The letter U

Dutch

Pronunciation

Pronoun

U (personal & reflexive pronoun, capitalized form of u)

  1. Second-person singular & plural, objective & subjective: you (polite).

Usage notes

See usage notes at u.

Letter

U (capital, lowercase u)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: T
  • Next letter: V

Italian

Pronunciation

Noun

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
U

Wikipedia it

U m. and f. inv.

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Italian alphabet
  2. The twenty-first letter of the Latin alphabet

Latin

Etymology

In Latin, the letter U is a modern typographical convention for the vowel form of V. The letter V in ancient times denoted either a vowel or a consonant, see V for more information.

Pronunciation

  • Classical: IPA: short /u/, long /u:/

Letter

U

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

U (capital, lowercase u)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /u/. Preceded by Ţ and followed by V.

Slovene

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Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
U

Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Letter

U (capital, lowercase u)

  1. The 22nd letter of the Slovene alphabet. Preceded by T and followed by V.

Spanish

Letter

U (upper case, lower case u)

  1. The 24th letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

U (lowercase u) is the twenty-first (number 21) letter in the English alphabet.

Meanings for U








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