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United States District Court for the District of Columbia
(D.D.C.)
Map
DC locator map with state names w usmap.png
Location Washington, D.C.
Appeals to District of Columbia Circuit
Established 1863
Judges assigned 15
Chief judge Royce C. Lamberth
Official site

The United States District Court for the District of Columbia (in case citations, D.D.C.) is the United States district court that hears cases originating in the District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.), over which federal courts have original jurisdiction. Cases dealing with the laws of the District of Columbia are heard by this court only under the same circumstances that would cause a case under state law to come before a federal court. Appeals from this court are heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

Contents

History

E. Barrett Prettyman Federal Courthouse

The court was established by Congress in 1863 as the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, replacing the abolished circuit and district courts of the District of Columbia that had been in place since 1801. The court consisted of four justices, including a chief justice, and was granted the same powers and jurisdiction as the earlier circuit court. Any of the justices could convene a United States circuit court or a local criminal court. In 1936, Congress renamed the court the District Court for the District of Columbia. Its current name was adopted in 1948, and from then on justices were known as judges.

The court sits in the E. Barrett Prettyman Federal Courthouse located on Constitution Avenue NW. The District has no local district attorney or equivalent, and so local prosecutorial matters also fall into the jurisdiction of the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia. Assistant United States Attorneys are tasked with prosecution of not only federal crimes but also crimes that would normally be left to the state prosecutor's discretion. Because of this the District has the largest U.S. Attorney's Office in the nation, with around 250 AUSAs.

Current Judges

  • As of January 22, 2007, a vacancy exists in the District Court for the District of Columbia due to the decision of Judge Gladys Kessler to assume senior status. No replacement nomination is pending at this time.
  • As of May 1, 2008, a second vacancy exists in the District due to the decision of Judge Thomas F. Hogan to assume senior status. No replacement nomination is pending at this time.
  • As of December 31, 2008, a third vacancy exists in the District due to the decision of Judge James Robertson to assume senior status. No replacement nomination is pending at this time.
Judge Appointed by Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
End reason
Royce C. Lamberth Ronald Reagan 01987-11-16 November 16, 1987 Incumbent
Paul L. Friedman Bill Clinton 01994-06-16 June 16, 1994 Incumbent
Ellen Segal Huvelle Bill Clinton 01999-10-26 October 26, 1999 Incumbent
Henry Harold Kennedy Jr. Bill Clinton 01997-09-18 September 18, 1997 Incumbent
Colleen Kollar-Kotelly Bill Clinton 01997-03-26 March 26, 1997 Incumbent
Richard W. Roberts Bill Clinton 01998-06-23 June 23, 1998 Incumbent
Emmet G. Sullivan Bill Clinton 01994-06-16 June 16, 1994 Incumbent
Ricardo M. Urbina Bill Clinton 01994-06-16 June 16, 1994 Incumbent
John D. Bates George W. Bush 02001-12-14 December 14, 2001 Incumbent
Rosemary M. Collyer George W. Bush 02002-11-15 November 15, 2002 Incumbent
Richard J. Leon George W. Bush 02002-02-19 February 19, 2002 Incumbent
Reggie Walton George W. Bush 02001-09-24 September 24, 2001 Incumbent
(Seat Vacant) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a)
(Seat Vacant) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a)
(Seat Vacant) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a) (n/a)
Joyce Hens Green Jimmy Carter 01979-05-11 May 11, 1979 01995-07-01 July 1, 1995 Incumbent[1]
Louis F. Oberdorfer Jimmy Carter 01977-10-11 October 11, 1977 01992-07-31 July 31, 1992 Incumbent
Thomas F. Hogan Ronald Reagan 01982-08-20 August 20, 1982 02008-05-01 May 1, 2008 Incumbent
Gladys Kessler Bill Clinton 01994-06-16 June 16, 1994 02007-01-22 January 22, 2007 Incumbent
James Robertson Bill Clinton 01994-10-11 October 11, 1994 02008-12-31 December 31, 2008 Incumbent

Former Judges

Judge Appointed by Began active
service
Ended active
service
Ended senior
status
End reason
Jesse Corcoran Adkins Herbert Hoover 01930-06-17 June 17, 1930 01946-10-15 October 15, 1946 01955-03-29 March 29, 1955 death
Thomas H. Anderson William McKinley 01901-04-23 April 23, 1901[2] 01916-10-01 October 1, 1916 death
Thomas Jennings Bailey Woodrow Wilson 01918-05-22 May 22, 1918 01950-11-01 November 1, 1950 01963-01-09 January 9, 1963 death
Job Barnard William McKinley 01899-10-01 October 1, 1899[3] 01914-06-08 June 8, 1914 retirement
Walter Maximillian Bastian Harry S. Truman 01950-10-23 October 23, 1950[4] 01954-12-15 December 15, 1954 reappointment
Edward Franklin Bingham Grover Cleveland 01887-04-22 April 22, 1887[5] 01903-04-30 April 30, 1903 retirement
Michael Boudin George H. W. Bush 01990-08-07 August 7, 1990 01992-01-31 January 31, 1992 resignation
Andrew Coyle Bradley Benjamin Harrison 01889-03-23 March 23, 1889 01902-05-15 May 15, 1902 death
William Benson Bryant Lyndon B. Johnson 01965-08-11 August 11, 1965 01982-01-31 January 31, 1982 02005-11-13 November 13, 2005 death
David Kellogg Cartter Abraham Lincoln 01863-03-11 March 11, 1863 01887-04-16 April 16, 1887 death
Harry M. Clabaugh William McKinley 01899-03-02 March 2, 1899 01903-05-01 May 1, 1903 reappointment
Harry M. Clabaugh Theodore Roosevelt 01903-04-01 April 1, 1903[6] 01914-03-06 March 6, 1914 death
Charles Cleaves Cole Benjamin Harrison 01893-01-28 January 28, 1893 01901-04-22 April 22, 1901 resignation
Howard Francis Corcoran Lyndon B. Johnson 01965-03-11 March 11, 1965 01977-11-30 November 30, 1977 01989-05-11 May 11, 1989 death
James Harry Covington Woodrow Wilson 01914-06-15 June 15, 1914 01918-05-31 May 31, 1918 resignation
Joseph Winston Cox Herbert Hoover 01930-07-07 July 7, 1930 01939-09-09 September 9, 1939 death
Walter Smith Cox Rutherford B. Hayes 01879-03-01 March 1, 1879 01899-07-01 July 1, 1899 retirement
Edward Matthew Curran Harry S. Truman 01946-10-16 October 16, 1946[7] 01971-04-02 April 2, 1971 01988-01-10 January 10, 1988 death
Edward C. Eicher Franklin D. Roosevelt 01942-01-23 January 23, 1942 01944-11-30 November 30, 1944 death
George P. Fisher Abraham Lincoln 01863-03-11 March 11, 1863 01870-05-01 May 1, 1870 resignation
Thomas Aquinas Flannery Richard Nixon 01971-12-06 December 6, 1971 01985-05-10 May 10, 1985 02007-09-20 September 20, 2007 death
Oliver Gasch Lyndon B. Johnson 01965-08-11 August 11, 1965 01981-11-30 November 30, 1981 01999-07-08 July 8, 1999 death
Gerhard Alden Gesell Lyndon B. Johnson 01967-12-12 December 12, 1967 01993-01-22 January 22, 1993 01993-02-19 February 19, 1993 death
Thomas Alan Goldsborough Franklin D. Roosevelt 01939-02-23 February 23, 1939 01951-06-16 June 16, 1951 death
Peyton Gordon Calvin Coolidge 01928-03-29 March 29, 1928 01941-02-04 February 4, 1941 01946-09-17 September 17, 1946 death
Ashley Mulgrave Gould Theodore Roosevelt 01902-12-08 December 8, 1902 01921-05-20 May 20, 1921 death
June Lazenby Green Lyndon B. Johnson 01968-06-07 June 7, 1968 01984-01-15 January 15, 1984 02001-02-02 February 2, 2001 death
Harold H. Greene Jimmy Carter 01978-05-19 May 19, 1978 01995-08-06 August 6, 1995 02000-01-29 January 29, 2000 death
Alexander Burton Hagner Rutherford B. Hayes 01879-01-21 January 21, 1879 01903-06-01 June 1, 1903 retirement
Stanley S. Harris Ronald Reagan 01983-11-14 November 14, 1983 01996-02-01 February 1, 1996 02001-06-02 June 2, 2001 retirement
George Luzerne Hart, Jr. Dwight D. Eisenhower 01958-08-29 August 29, 1958[8] 01979-05-16 May 16, 1979 01984-05-21 May 21, 1984 death
William Hitz Woodrow Wilson 01916-11-15 November 15, 1916[9] 01931-02-13 February 13, 1931 reappointment
Adolph A. Hoehling, Jr. Warren G. Harding 01921-06-13 June 13, 1921 01927-12-31 December 31, 1927 resignation
Alexander Holtzoff Harry S. Truman 01945-09-28 September 28, 1945 01967-12-31 December 31, 1967 01969-09-06 September 6, 1969 death
David Campbell Humphreys Ulysses Grant 01870-05-13 May 13, 1870 01879-07-02 July 2, 1879 death
Thomas Penfield Jackson Ronald Reagan 01982-06-25 June 25, 1982 02002-01-31 January 31, 2002 02004-08-31 August 31, 2004 retirement
Charles Pinckney James Rutherford B. Hayes 01879-07-24 July 24, 1879[10] 01892-12-01 December 1, 1892 retirement
Norma Holloway Johnson Jimmy Carter 01980-05-12 May 12, 1980 02001-06-18 June 18, 2001 02003-12-31 December 31, 2003 retirement
William Blakely Jones John F. Kennedy 01962-04-12 April 12, 1962 01977-03-20 March 20, 1977 01979-07-31 July 31, 1979 death
Richmond Bowling Keech Harry S. Truman 01946-10-14 October 14, 1946[11] 01966-11-01 November 1, 1966 01986-04-13 April 13, 1986 death
James Robert Kirkland Harry S. Truman 01949-10-21 October 21, 1949[12] 01958-02-25 February 25, 1958 death
Bolitha James Laws Franklin D. Roosevelt 01938-06-24 June 24, 1938 01945-02-23 February 23, 1945 reappointment
Bolitha James Laws Franklin D. Roosevelt 01945-02-23 February 23, 1945 01948-09-01 September 1, 1948 reappointment
Bolitha James Laws 01958-11-14 November 14, 1958 death
F. Dickinson Letts Herbert Hoover 01931-05-05 May 5, 1931[13] 01961-05-31 May 31, 1961 01965-01-19 January 19, 1965 death
Oscar Raymond Luhring Herbert Hoover 01930-07-03 July 3, 1930 01944-08-18 August 18, 1944 death
Arthur MacArthur, Sr. Ulysses Grant 01870-07-15 July 15, 1870 01887-04-01 April 1, 1887 retirement
Burnita Shelton Matthews Harry S. Truman 01949-10-21 October 21, 1949[14] 01968-03-01 March 1, 1968 01988-04-25 April 25, 1988 death
Louis E. McComas Benjamin Harrison 01892-11-17 November 17, 1892[15] 01899-03-03 March 3, 1899 resignation
Walter I. McCoy Woodrow Wilson 01914-10-02 October 2, 1914 01918-05-22 May 22, 1918 reappointment
Walter I. McCoy Woodrow Wilson 01918-05-22 May 22, 1918 01929-12-08 December 8, 1929 retirement
Joseph Charles McGarraghy Dwight D. Eisenhower 01954-12-03 December 3, 1954 01967-12-17 December 17, 1967 01975-11-29 November 29, 1975 death
Matthew Francis McGuire Franklin D. Roosevelt 01941-08-01 August 1, 1941 01966-10-07 October 7, 1966 01986-01-24 January 24, 1986 death
Charles F. McLaughlin Harry S. Truman 01949-10-21 October 21, 1949[16] 01964-12-31 December 31, 1964 01976-02-05 February 5, 1976 death
William Matthew Merrick Grover Cleveland 01885-05-01 May 1, 1885[17] 01889-02-04 February 4, 1889 death
Martin V. Montgomery Grover Cleveland 01887-04-01 April 1, 1887[18] 01892-10-02 October 2, 1892 resignation
James Ward Morris Franklin D. Roosevelt 01939-06-19 June 19, 1939 01960-11-15 November 15, 1960 death
Daniel William O'Donoghue Herbert Hoover 01931-10-28 October 28, 1931[19] 01946-10-31 October 31, 1946 01948-06-29 June 29, 1948 death
Abram B. Olin Abraham Lincoln 01863-03-11 March 11, 1863 01879-01-13 January 13, 1879 retirement
Barrington D. Parker Richard Nixon 01969-12-19 December 19, 1969 01985-12-19 December 19, 1985 01993-06-02 June 2, 1993 death
John Garrett Penn Jimmy Carter 01979-03-23 March 23, 1979 01998-03-31 March 31, 1998 02007-09-09 September 9, 2007 death
David Andrew Pine Franklin D. Roosevelt 01940-03-29 March 29, 1940 01965-04-02 April 2, 1965 01970-06-11 June 11, 1970 death
John H. Pratt Lyndon B. Johnson 01968-06-07 June 7, 1968 01989-12-01 December 1, 1989 01995-08-11 August 11, 1995 death
Jeter Connelly Pritchard Theodore Roosevelt 01903-11-16 November 16, 1903 01904-06-01 June 1, 1904 reappointment
James McPherson Proctor Herbert Hoover 01931-03-02 March 2, 1931 01948-03-05 March 5, 1948 reappointment
George Hughes Revercomb Ronald Reagan 01985-12-17 December 17, 1985 01993-08-01 August 1, 1993 death
Charles Robert Richey Richard Nixon 01971-05-05 May 5, 1971 01997-01-23 January 23, 1997 01997-03-19 March 19, 1997 death
Aubrey Eugene Robinson Jr. Lyndon B. Johnson 01966-11-03 November 3, 1966 01992-03-01 March 1, 1992 02000-02-27 February 27, 2000 death
Spottswood William Robinson III Lyndon B. Johnson 01964-01-06 January 6, 1964[20] 01966-11-08 November 8, 1966 reappointment
Henry Albert Schweinhaut Franklin D. Roosevelt 01944-12-19 December 19, 1944 01956-11-16 November 16, 1956 01970-06-22 June 22, 1970 death
Frederick Lincoln Siddons Woodrow Wilson 01915-01-15 January 15, 1915 01931-06-19 June 19, 1931 death
John Sirica Dwight D. Eisenhower 01957-03-28 March 28, 1957 01977-10-31 October 31, 1977 01992-08-14 August 14, 1992 death
John Lewis Smith Jr. Lyndon B. Johnson 01966-11-03 November 3, 1966 01983-01-31 January 31, 1983 01992-09-04 September 4, 1992 death
Stanley Sporkin Ronald Reagan 01985-12-17 December 17, 1985 01999-02-12 February 12, 1999 02000-01-15 January 15, 2000 retirement
Wendell Phillips Stafford Theodore Roosevelt 01904-06-01 June 1, 1904[21] 01931-05-04 May 4, 1931 retirement
Edward Allen Tamm Harry S. Truman 01948-06-22 June 22, 1948[22] 01965-03-16 March 16, 1965 reappointment
Joseph Cornelius Waddy Lyndon B. Johnson 01967-03-04 March 4, 1967 01978-08-01 August 1, 1978 death
Leonard Patrick Walsh Dwight D. Eisenhower 01959-09-14 September 14, 1959 01971-10-05 October 5, 1971 01980-02-13 February 13, 1980 death
Alfred Adams Wheat Herbert Hoover 01929-05-03 May 3, 1929 01930-06-04 June 4, 1930 reappointment
Alfred Adams Wheat Herbert Hoover 01930-06-04 June 4, 1930 01941-12-31 December 31, 1941 01943-05-11 May 11, 1943 death
Daniel Thew Wright Theodore Roosevelt 01903-11-17 November 17, 1903 01914-11-15 November 15, 1914 resignation
Andrew Wylie Abraham Lincoln 01863-03-18 March 18, 1863[23] 01885-05-01 May 1, 1885 retirement
Luther Youngdahl Harry S. Truman 01951-08-29 August 29, 1951 01966-05-29 May 29, 1966 01978-06-21 June 21, 1978 death

Notes

  1. ^ Currently Inactive
  2. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 5, 1901, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 4, 1902, and received commission on February 6, 1902.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 11, 1899, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 19, 1899, and received commission on December 19, 1899.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 27, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 14, 1950, and received commission on December 22, 1950.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 23, 1888, and received commission on January 23, 1888.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on November 10, 1903, confirmed by the United States Senate on November 16, 1903, and received commission on November 16, 1903.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1947, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 3, 1947, and received commission on February 5, 1947.
  8. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 17, 1959, confirmed by the United States Senate on September 9, 1959, and received commission on September 10, 1959.
  9. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1916, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 2, 1917, and received commission on January 2, 1917.
  10. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 1, 1879, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 10, 1879, and received commission on December 10, 1879.
  11. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1947, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 22, 1947, and received commission on January 24, 1947.
  12. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 8, 1950, and received commission on March 9, 1950.
  13. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1931, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 17, 1932, and received commission on February 20, 1932.
  14. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 4, 1950, and received commission on April 7, 1950.
  15. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1892, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 25, 1893, and received commission on January 25, 1893.
  16. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1950, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 27, 1950, and received commission on March 1, 1950.
  17. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 14, 1885, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 30, 1886, and received commission on March 30, 1886.
  18. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 26, 1888, and received commission on January 26, 1888.
  19. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 15, 1931, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 26, 1932, and received commission on February 23, 1932.
  20. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on February 3, 1964, confirmed by the United States Senate on July 1, 1964, and received commission on July 2, 1964.
  21. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 6, 1904, confirmed by the United States Senate on December 13, 1904, and received commission on December 13, 1904.
  22. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 13, 1949, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 29, 1949, and received commission on April 1, 1949.
  23. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1864, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 20, 1864, and received commission on January 20, 1864.

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