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U.S. Route 31 in Michigan: Wikis


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U.S. Route 31 shield
U.S. Highway 31
Maintained by MDOT

US 31 highlighted in red
Length: 356.04 mi[1] (572.99 km)
Formed: 1926
South end: US 31 at the Indiana-Michigan border
I-94 at Benton Harbor

I-96 at Muskegon
US 10 in Ludington
US 131 at Petoskey

North end: I-75 near Mackinaw City
Michigan highways
< M-30 M-31 >

U.S. Highway 31 (US 31) is a part of the United States Numbered Highway System that runs from Alabama, to the Upper Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. In Michigan, it is a state trunkline highway that runs from the Indiana–Michigan state line south of Niles Charter Township to its terminus at Interstate 75 (I-75) south of Mackinaw City. The highway runs for 356.04 miles (572.99 km) in the state. At the introduction of the US Highway System in the 1920s the route of US 31 largely replaced the existing M-58 and M-11 route designations. It also crossed the Straits of Mackinac for a time before the Mackinac Bridge was built.


Route description

The northern terminus of US 31 is at I-75 south of Mackinaw City. In the 1920s and 30s, US 31 crossed the Straits of Mackinac via auto ferry and terminated at US 2 in Rogers Park north of St. Ignace. The former US 31/US 33, now M-51, enters the state of Michigan from Indiana in Niles Charter Township.


Lane configurations

The first part of the former US 31/US 33 is a four-lane freeway into the City of Niles where a marker is placed on the corner of Bertrand Road and what is now South 11th Street (M-51) in Niles Charter Township. The portion of US 31 concurrent with I-94 near Benton Harbor travels along a six-lane freeway, while the next 47 miles (44 of which are concurrent with I-196) from north of Benton Harbor to Holland a four-lane freeway. The 24 miles (39 km) from Holland to Grand Haven runs along a mixture of four-lane divided highway and four-lane divided expressway. At Grand Haven, US 31 crosses the Grand River via a six-lane bascule bridge. The next 67 miles (108 km) from Ferrysburg to Ludington travels along a four-lane freeway. From Ludington to its northern terminus south of Mackinaw City, US 31 consists largely of two-lane rural highway and four- to five-lane urban street segments. Two segments, however, have been constructed to two-lane limited-access standards: from Elk Rapids northerly and from Carp Lake to I-75.


Much of US 31 from the Indiana-Michigan state line and Ludington is built to freeway standards. Two notable exceptions are a short segment between Napier Ave and I-94 near Benton Harbor and between Holland and Ferrysburg. The portion of I-75 north of US 31's northern terminus toward the Mackinac Bridge was designated US 31 prior to the 1990s and was US 31's most northern portion to be built to freeway status. Since its truncation at the I-75 junction, however, the most northern segment of US 31 freeway ends near Ludington.

The Michigan Memorial Highway Act (Act 142 of 2001) designates all of US 31 from the Indiana border to the Straits of Mackinac as the Blue Star Memorial Highway.[2][3] "Act 71 of 1952" had previously designated all of US 31 in the Lower Peninsula and the portion of US 2 from St. Ignace to Sault Ste. Marie, although this was not included in the Act of 2001. Various portions of former routings of US 31 throughout southwest and west Michigan, notably County A-2, are still called "Blue Star Highway".


According to the recently passed Federal Transportation Bill an earmark was provided to begin planning and right of way purchases for a new route of the highway along the 120th ave corridor in Ottawa County, between Holland and Nunica. Due to tight transportation budgets at the state level, the Michigan Department of Transportation will begin construction on this project using a staged approach. The first phase in Ottawa County, designated Future M-231, will consist of a two-lane highway constructed on four-lane right-of-way for future conversion to freeway standards from M-45 (Lake Michigan Dr) to I-96 at Nunica. This segment will include a new crossing over the Grand River. MDOT is currently working on environmental clearances for this project with right-of-way acquisition to begin thereafter. Any work on the proposed US 31 freeway corridor south of M-45 (Lake Michigan Dr) has not yet been scheduled.

Plans also call for the completion of the St. Joseph Valley Parkway, to carry US 31, between Napier Avenue and I-94 sometime in the 2010s.

Major intersections

County Location Mile # Destinations Notes
Berrien Niles Charter Township 0.000   US 31 Southern entry into Michigan from Indiana
3.8 3 US 12Niles, Sturgis, New Buffalo  
5.1 5 Niles–Buchanan Road – Buchanan  
7 7 Walton Road – Buchanan Former BUS US 31
Oronoko Charter Township 13.2 13 Snow Road – Berrien Springs  
15.7 15 M-139 / Old 31 – Benton Harbor, St. Joseph, Berrien Springs Signed as exits 15A (Old 31) and 15B (M-139) northbound
Berrien Township 18.9 18 Tabor Road — Eau Claire  
Sodus Township 22.9 22 Pipestone Road — Eau Claire  
Royalton Township 24.9 24 Napier Avenue Temporary north end of freeway
Benton Harbor 27.2 30 I-94 north – Kalamazoo South end of I-94 concurrency
Signed as Napier Avenue southbound
29.4 33 BL I-94St. Joseph  
31 34 I-94 east – Kalamazoo
I-196 north – Grand Rapids
North end of I-94 concurrency; South end of I-196 concurrency
Hagar Township 32 1 Red Arrow Highway  
34.7 4 Coloma Road — Coloma  
37.8 7 M-63 south Northern terminus of M-63
Van Buren Covert Township 43.8 13 A-2 (Blue Star Highway) / 32nd Avenue  
South Haven Charter Township 48.5 18 BL I-196 / M-140South Haven, Watervliet Signed as M-140 only southbound
South Haven 51.6 20 BL I-196 / Phoenix Street – South Haven Signed as Phoenix Street northbound
Allegan 53.1 22 North Shore Drive – South Haven  
  57.2 26 109th Avenue  
  60.7 30 A-2 (Blue Star Highway)  
  65.1 34 M-89 east – Allegan  
  67.1 36 A-2 (Blue Star Highway)  
  72.2 41 A-2 (Blue Star Highway)  
  75.7 44 I-196 north (Ford Freeway) / BL I-196Grand Rapids, Holland North end of I-196 concurrency; south end of BL I-196 concurrency; northbound exit and southbound entrance
  77.8 47A A-2 south (Blue Star Highway)  
  78.1 47B Washington Avenue – Holland Former BUS US 31
Holland 79   M-40 south – Allegan  
Ottawa Zeeland 82   BL I-196 east (Chicago Drive) / M-121  
Agnew 95.9   M-45 east  
Freeway Begins
Ferrysburg 103.8 104 M-104 east – Spring Lake, Ferrysburg Signed as 104A (Spring Lake) and 104B (Ferrysburg)
105.1 105 Van Wagoner Street – Ferrysburg  
Muskegon Fruitport 107.7 107 Pontaluna Road – Fruitport  
109.1 109 Sternberg Road — Fruitport Signed as exits 109A (eastbound) and 109A (westbound)
Norton Shores 110.7 110 No image wide.svgBusiness plate.svg

I-96 east / BUS US 31 north – Grand Rapids, Muskegon
110A (I-96 south) southbound and (Hile Road to I-96 south) northbound; 110B (BUS US 31 north) northbound and (Airline Road to BUS US 31 north) southbound
112.6 112 B-72 east (Sherman Boulevard) – Muskegon  
Muskegon Township 113.6 113 Laketon Avenue – Muskegon  
Muskegon 114.6 114 M-46Muskegon, Cedar Springs  
Muskegon Township 116 116
BUS US 31Muskegon
Northbound signed as North Muskegon. Access to western terminus of M-120 at Skyline and Seaway Drive.
North Muskegon 118.5 118 M-120Muskegon, Twin Lake  
Dalton Township 121 121 B-23 north (Russell Road) – Lakewood Club Access to Michigan's Adventure , Owasippe Scout Reservation , and Blue Lake Fine Arts Camp
126.3 126 White Lake Drive – Lakewood Club  
Whitehall 128.9 128
BUS US 31 north – Whitehall
Southern terminus of BUS US 31
Montague 131.6 131
BUS US 31 south – Montague

B-86 east
B-15 north

Northern terminus of BUS US 31
Oceana Rothbury 136.4 136 Winston Road – Rothbury  
New Era 140.3 140 M-20 east – White Cloud Western terminus of M-20
Shelby Township 144 144 Shelby Road – Shelby  
Hart 148.7 149
BUS US 31Hart
Southern terminus of BUS US 31
Pentwater 153.8 154
BUS US 31 north – Pentwater
Southern terminus of BUS US 31; Signed as Monroe Road southbound
158.7 158
BUS US 31 south – Pentwater
Northern terminus of BUS US 31; Signed as Oceana Drive northbound
Mason Ludington 167.8 166
BUS US 31 north (Pere Marquette Highway) – Ludington
170 170 US 10 / US 31 north – Ludington, Clare, Traverse City Signed as exits 170A (eastbound) and 170B (westbound); North end of freeway; West end of US 10 concurrency
Freeway ends
Scottville 172.9   US 10 east – Reed City East end of US 10 concurrency
Manistee Manistee 196.2   M-55 east – Cadillac  
Manistee Township 199.2   M-22 north – Frankfort  
Benzie Benzonia Township 223   M-115 east – Cadillac South end of M-115 concurrency
Benzonia 225.3   M-115 west – Frankfort North end of M-115 concurrency
Grand Traverse Interlochen 244.1   M-137 south  
Chums Corners 249.8   M-37 south South end of M-37 concurrency
Traverse City 256.7   M-22 north / M-72 west
Grandview Parkway
West end of M-72 concurrency
258.7   M-37 north
Garfield Avenue
North end of M-37 concurrency
Acme 264.7   M-72 east East end of M-72 concurrency
Antrim Torch Lake Township 290   M-88 east Western terminus of M-88
Banks Township 295.5   C-48 east  
Charlevoix Charlevoix 306.2   M-66 south Northern terminus of M-66
Hayes Township 317.9   C-56 east  
Emmet Petoskey 323.2   US 131 south Northern terminus of US 131
323.9   C-58 east (Mitchell Road/Wolverine Road)  
325.9   C-81 south  
Bay View 326.6   M-119 north (Harbor-Petoskey Road) – Cross Village, Levering  
Alanson 334.8   M-68 east – Indian River  
Pellston 342.2   C-64 east (Robinson Road) – Cheboygan  
McKinley Township 347.9   C-66 (Levering Road) – Cheboygan  
Wawatam Township 355.8   M-108  
Cheboygan Mackinaw City 356.4   I-75 Northern terminus of US 31; Access to northbound I-75 only from northbound US 31; Access to southbound US 31 only from southbound I-75
Concurrency terminus Unconstructed

Bannered routes


  1. ^ Bessert, Christopher J. (2006-03-02). "Michigan Highways: Highways 30 through 39". Michigan Highways. Retrieved 2006-03-02.  
  2. ^ Section 250.1011, Act 142 of 2001, Michigan Compiled Laws
  3. ^ All Memorial Highways, Michigan Department of Transportation

External links

U.S. Route 31
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