U.S. Route 75 in Texas: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

U.S. Route 75 shield
U.S. Route 75
Length: 76.158 mi[1] (122.564 km)
Formed: 1927
South end: I-345 in Dallas
Major
junctions:
I-635
President George Bush Turnpike
US 380 in McKinney
US 82 in Sherman
US 69 in Denison
North end: US-75 / US-69 near Denison
Highways in Texas
< SH 74 SH 75 >
InterstateU.S.T.X. (LoopsSpursRecFM)
United States Numbered Highways
ListBanneredDividedReplaced

In the U.S. state of Texas, U.S. Highway 75 is a U.S. Highway that begins in Dallas and heads north to the Oklahoma border.

Contents

History

In the initial assignment of state highways in 1917, Dallas-Fort Worth and Houston were connected by a branch of State Highway 2 (the Meridian Highway), which ran via Waco and Bryan and continued on to Galveston. The more direct route followed by US 75 was not initially part of the system between Richland (connected to Dallas by SH 14) and Huntsville (connected to Houston by SH 19).[2][3] This Richland-Huntsville cutoff was added by 1919 as State Highway 32,[4] and US 75 was assigned to the alignment, as well as SH 6 north of Dallas, in 1926.[5] The branch of SH 2, which US 75 followed between Houston and Galveston, eventually became part of SH 6,[6] and these numbers were dropped in the 1939 renumbering.

Prior to the coming of the Interstate Highway System in the late 1950s, the only improvements to US 75 in Texas beyond building a two-lane paved roadway were in the Houston and Dallas areas.[7] However, the highways in and near these cities included some of the first freeways in the state: the Gulf Freeway (Houston, opened to traffic on October 1, 1948) and the Central Expressway (Dallas). When Interstate 45 was built in the 1960s, its alignment bypassed many of the towns and built-up areas between downtown Dallas and Houston. The bypassed routes retained the US 75 designation until the designation was truncated to downtown Dallas in 1987. Many of the original alignments continue to exist under other designations.

In Dallas, the route followed what is now the Good Latimer Expressway (formerly Spur 559)[8] southeast, out of downtown, along US 175 and south along State Highway 310.[9]

Near Ferris, Trumbull, Palmer, Ennis, and Corsicana Interstate 45 veers east to avoid the more populated areas. The old US 75 alignments through these towns, decommissioned in 1987, now carry the following designations:

  • Business Interstate Highway 45 (originally Loop 560) through Ferris [10]
  • Loop 561 through Trumbull[11]
  • Business Interstate Highway 45 through Palmer (originally Loop 562)[12]
  • Spur 469, Business Interstate Highway 45 (originally U.S. Highway 287 and Spur 563) through Ennis[13]
  • Business Interstate Highway 45 (originally Loop 564) through Corsicana[14]

Through Streetman, Fairfield, Buffalo, Centerville, Madisonville, Huntsville, New Waverly, Willis, and Conroe, US 75 followed what is now State Highway 75.[15]

In Galveston, the alignment of State Highway 87 from 20th Street to the southern terminus Interstate 45 was also part of US 75 until its 1987 truncation.[16]

In other cases alignments were bypassed while US 75 remained in existence; they now carry the following designations:

Route description

US Route 75 enters Texas from the north just north of Denison, crossing the Red River. At this point it is concurrent with US Route 69, but the two separate about 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the river. US 75 continues to the south and southwest, looping around the western side of Denison. The route continues southwest, reaching Sherman and a limited-access intersection with US Route 82. US 75 then continues southward, reaching an intersection with US Route 380 on the north side of McKinney. Continuing southward into the northern suburbs of Dallas, it reaches intersections with the President George Bush Turnpike and Interstate 635. The route reaches its southern terminus on the north side of downtown Dallas, intersecting unsigned Interstate 345 and Spur 366.

Exit list

The numbering system for US 75 is not based on mile markers; instead, the exits were numbered consecutively (the only stretch of road in Texas with such a system). As the bypass route was completed around the Sherman-Denison area, the numbering system was continued for the new exits. Upon completion of the widened Central Expressway through Dallas, the exit numbering was changed for the section south of I-635 to correspond with the new (and fewer number of) exits, but the numbering system north of I-635 was left unchanged, thus explaining the gap in the current numbering system.

# Destinations Notes
Old New
Bryan Street; Good-Latimer Expressway southbound exit and northbound entrance
I-345.svg Interstate Highway 45 south - Houston (Interstate Highway 345 south) southbound exit and northbound entrance
285 Ross Avenue southbound exit only
1A Texas Spur 366.svg to Interstate Highway 35E - Denton; Waco (Spur 366 west) southbound exit and northbound entrance
1 (Hall Street)
2 (Lemmon Avenue)
3 1B Haskell Avenue; Blackburn Street; Fitzhugh Avenue; Lemmon Avenue
4 (Fitzhugh Avenue)
5 2 Knox Street; Henderson Avenue; Monticello Avenue; Fitzhugh Avenue
6 (Monticello Avenue)
7 (McCommas Boulevard)
8 3 Mockingbird Lane; University Boulevard; Monticello Avenue
9 (Yale Boulevard)
10 (University Boulevard)
11 4A Lovers Lane; Southwestern Boulevard; University Boulevard exit 4 southbound
12 (Southwestern Boulevard)
13 4B Caruth Haven Lane southbound exit is combined with 5A
14-15 5A Texas Loop 12.svg Loop 12 - Caruth Haven Lane
16 5B Northpark Boulevard; Park Lane
17 6 Walnut Hill Lane; Meadow Road
18 (Meadow Road)
19 7 Royal Lane; Meadow Road
20A 8A Forest Lane exit 20-20A southbound
20B 8B Coit Road northbound exit and southbound entrance
20B Frontage Road northbound exit only
21 I-635.svg Interstate Highway 635
20A Frontage Road southbound exit and northbound entrance
22 Midpark Road
23 Spring Valley Road
24 Belt Line Road; Main Street
25 Arapaho Road
26 Campbell Road northbound exit and southbound entrance
27A Galatyn Parkway; Renner Road; Campbell Road exit 26 southbound
27 Renner Road southbound exit and northbound entrance
28A Plano Parkway
28B President George Bush Turnpike
29 15th Street (former Farm to Market Road 544) northbound exit and southbound entrance
29A Park Boulevard; 15th Street
30 Parker Road
30A Frontage Road southbound exit only
31 Spring Creek Parkway
32 Legacy Drive
32A Frontage Road northbound exit and southbound exit
33 Bethany Drive
34 McDermott Drive (former Farm to Market Road 2170)
35 Allen Drive northbound exit and southbound entrance
36 Exchange Parkway
37 Texas FM 2786.svg Farm to Market Road 2786 - Stacy Road
38 Ridgeview Drive
38A Texas 121.svgTexas Spur 399.svg State Highway 121 south; to State Highway 5 - Fort Worth (Spur 399; former Farm to Market Road 720) SH 121 joins northbound and leaves southbound
39 Eldorado Parkway
40A Texas FM 3038.svgTexas Spur 359.svg Farm to Market Road 3038; Spur 359 - Louisiana Street; Virginia Parkway
40B White Avenue northbound exit and southbound entrance
41 US 380.svg U.S. Highway 380 - Greenville; Denton
42 Wilmeth Road
43 Texas FM 543.svg Farm to Market Road 543 - Weston Road
44 Telephone Road; Davis Road
45 Texas 121.svg State Highway 121 north - Bonham SH 121 joins southbound and leaves northbound
46 Melissa Road
47 Throckmorton Road; Foster Crossing Road
48 Texas FM 455.svg Farm to Market Road 455 - Anna-Weston Road
49 Mantua Road
50 County Line Road
51 Texas FM 121.svg Farm to Market Road 121 - Van Alstyne due to confusion between this exit and State Highway 121 (a few miles to the south, which leads to DFW Airport), southbound highway signs are marked "DFW TRAFFIC DO NOT EXIT"
52 Farmington Road
53 Texas Spur 381.svg Spur 381 - Howe
54 Texas FM 902.svgTexas 5.svg Farm to Market Road 902; State Highway 5
55A Frontage Road southbound exit and entrance
55 Frontage Road
56 Texas FM 1417.svg Farm to Market Road 1417
56A South Travis Street northbound exit and southbound entrance
56B Frontage Road northbound exit only
57 Park Street; Center Street
58 Texas 56.svg State Highway 56 - Lamar Street; Houston Street Lamar Street is one way eastbound; Houston Street is one way westbound
59 Washington Street no southbound entrance
60 Texas FM 131.svg Farm to Market Road 131 - Travis Street; Taylor Street
61 Texas 91.svg State Highway 91 north - Texoma Parkway no southbound exit
62 Lamberth Road northbound exit and southbound entrance
63 US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82 - Bonham; Gainesville
64 Loy Lake Road; Fallon Drive
65 Texas FM 691.svg Farm to Market Road 691 - Grayson County Airport; Grayson County Junior College
66 Texas Spur 503.svg Spur 503 - Denison
67 Loy Lake Road
68 Crawford Street Road
69 Texas FM 120.svg Farm to Market Road 120 - Pottsboro; Lake Texoma
70 Texas FM 84.svg Farm to Market Road 84
71 Randell Lake Road
72 Texas 91.svg State Highway 91
73 US 69.svg U.S. Highway 69 south - Greenville; Denison US 69 joins northbound and leaves southbound
74 Texas Travel Info Center

References

  1. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - U.S. Highway No. 75". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/US/US0075.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-07.  
  2. ^ Commerce Journal, Highway Commission Adopts 25 Highways, July 6, 1917
  3. ^ State Highway Department, Map Showing Proposed System of State Highways as Adopted June 1917
  4. ^ Texas State Highway Department, Highway Map: State of Texas, October 1, 1919
  5. ^ United States System of Highways, November 11, 1926
  6. ^ Conoco, Official Road Map of Texas, H.M. Gousha Company, 1933
  7. ^ Texas Highway Department, Official Travel Map, 1954 Edition
  8. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway Spur No. 559". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SS/SS0559.htm.  
  9. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway No. 310". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SH/SH0310.htm.  
  10. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway Loop No. 560". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SL/SL0560.htm.  
  11. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway Loop No. 561". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SL/SL0561.htm.  
  12. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway Loop No. 562". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SL/SL0562.htm.  
  13. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway Spur No. 563". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SS/SS0563.htm.  
  14. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway Loop No. 564". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SL/SL0564.htm.  
  15. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway No. 75". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SH/SH0075.htm.  
  16. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway No. 87". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SH/SH0087.htm.  
  17. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway No. 3". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SH/SH0003.htm.  
  18. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway No. 5". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SH/SH0005.htm.  
  19. ^ Texas Department of Transportation. "Highway Designation File - State Highway Spur No. 93". http://www.dot.state.tx.us/tpp/hwy/SS/SS0093.htm.  
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