U2 360° Tour: Wikis

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U2 360° Tour
U2-360-tour-logo.png
Tour by U2
Locations Europe, North America
Supporting album No Line on the Horizon
Start date 30 June 2009
End date 8 October 2010
Legs 4
Shows 82
U2 tour chronology
Vertigo Tour
(2005-2006)
U2 360° Tour
(2009-2010)

The U2 360° Tour is an ongoing worldwide concert tour by the Irish rock band U2.[1] Launched in support of the group's 2009 album No Line on the Horizon, the tour will visit stadiums from 2009 through 2010, whereas the previous two tours, the Elevation Tour and the Vertigo Tour, primarily visited indoor arenas.[2] The U2 360° Tour is named after the 360-degree staging and audience configuration it uses for shows,[3] which U2 claims is "the first time a band has toured in stadiums with such a unique and original structure."[4] To accommodate this, the stage set makes use of a massive four-legged supporting rig that has been nicknamed "The Claw" and has set a world record for the largest concert stage structure. In an era of declining CD sales, the tour is expected to be a major source of income for the band.[5]

The Croke Park tour dates in Dublin won the 2009 Billboard Touring Award for best box score at a single venue. The penultimate show of the second leg, held at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California, was filmed for an upcoming DVD release, was streamed live over YouTube, and set a new US attendance record for a single headlining act.

Contents

Conception and stage design

The tour stage. The video screen is above the band in a large black container. Four silver legs supporting the screen curve down into the audience. Five circular orange lights are dotted along the top of each leg. The round stage is surrounded by a semi-circular catwalk which can be reached by crossing a bridge. The audience surrounds the band on all sides.
The stage is surrounded on all sides by the audience and features a claw-like supporting rig.

Willie Williams, who has worked on every U2 tour since 1982, is again a designer for this tour;[6] Mark Fisher serves as the architect.[4] Williams had been toying with ideas for 360-degree stadium staging for U2 for a number of years,[7] and presented sketches of a four-legged design to the group near the end of their Vertigo Tour in 2006.[8] The inspiration for the "spaceship-on-four-legs" design, nicknamed "the Claw", came from the landmark Theme Building at Los Angeles International Airport.[8] Early reports referred to it as being called the Kiss the Future Tour, though the name was later changed.[9]

The tour features a 360-degree configuration, with the stage being placed closer to the center of the stadium's field than usual.[6] The stage design features a large four-legged steel structure that holds the speaker system and cylindrical video screen and hovers above the performance area. The stage is surrounded by a circular ramp, which connects to the stage by means of rotating bridges. Fans with general admission tickets can be placed both outside of the ramp, as well as between the ramp and stage. The stage has no defined front or back and is surrounded on all sides by the audience.[6] The stage design can increase the venues' capacities by about 15–20%.[10] Tiered football stadiums were preferred venues in this scheme, compared to flat fields or baseball stadiums,[6] although a few of the latter added to the routing. As with many large-scale tours of its era, the U2 360° Tour will have both the workforce and the revenues associated with a medium-sized company.[5]

A tour stage; four large legs curve up above the stage and hold a video screen which is extended down to the band. The legs are lit up in red at the top and orange at the bottom. The video screen has multi-coloured lights flashing on it. The audience surrounds the stage on all sides.
The band plays "City of Blinding Lights", which makes use of the expanding video screen and many lighting effects.

The stages are built by the Belgian company Stageco, and construction of each requires the use of high-pressure and innovative hydraulic systems.[11] The steel structure is 164 feet tall – doubling the size of the stadium set for The Rolling Stones' A Bigger Bang Tour, the previous highest – can hold up to 200 tonnes underneath it, and requires 120 trucks to transport each of the 3 sets constructed to support the tour.[8][12] Each leg of the structure contains its own sound system.[8] The cost of each structure is between £15 million and £20 million.[13] As a result the tour is heavily insured.[5] The size of the stage has led to some problems with its construction in certain venues. The band paid $2 million to raise the HD video screen in Cowboys Stadium for their concert in Arlington, and are paying $3 million to expand the Hippodrome de Montréal into a temporary stadium for their forthcoming concert in Montreal.[14][15] The 360° tour crew consists of 137 touring production crew supplemented by over 120 hired locally.[16][17] Daily costs of the production are approximately $750,000, not including the stage construction; the majority of this comes from truck rentals, transportation, and staff wages.[18] The tour is not expected to break even until the conclusion of the second leg.[18]

"The show is an unlikely fusion of the two extremes of U2's tours - the technological overload of 1992-93's Zoo TV and the no-frills, bare-stage Elevation Tour."

—Brian Hiatt, of Rolling Stone[19]

As the tour was announced, U2 guitarist The Edge said of the show's design: "It's hard to come up with something that's fundamentally different, but we have, I think, on this tour. Where we're taking our production will never have been seen before by anybody, and that's an amazing thing to be able to say. For a band like U2 that really thrive on breaking new ground, it's a real thrill."[9] Lead singer Bono said the design was intended to overcome the staid traditional appearance of outdoor concerts where the stage was dominated by speaker stacks on either side: "We have some magic, and we've got some beautiful objects we're going to take around the world, and we're inside that object."[20] He also said that the group's goal was for the show to not be too choreographed.[21] Williams said the goal is to establish a physical proximity: "The band is just sitting in the palm of the audience's hand."[8] At the conclusion of the tour, the intent is to leave each one of the three structures in a different part of the globe and turn them into permanent concert venues.[12]

The video screen descends during a performance of "The Unforgettable Fire".

The transforming video screen was designed by Mark Fisher in a collaboration with Chuck Hoberman and Frederic Opsomer. The screen was fabricated by Opsomer's Company Innovative Designs of Belgium, using LED pixels manufactured by Barco. The screen was purchased and rented to the tour by XL Video. It is made up of elongated hexagonal segments mounted on a multiple pantograph system, which enables it to "open up" or spread apart vertically as an effect during the concerts.[22] The video screen is composed of over 1,000,000 pieces; 500,000 pixels, 320,000 fasteners, 150,000 machined pieces, and 30,000 cables are needed to create the visual display at each concert.[23] The screen is mounted on a cabled pulley system to enable the entire screen and pantograph system to move lower and closer to the band. The automation for the screen deployment was provided by Kineysis UK. The LED segments of the screen are weather-resistant, a feature important in the outdoor venues, and especially important to U2 who canceled tour dates in 1997 due to weather damage to that tour's video screens.[16]

Health and safety advice and management for the european leg of the tour was provided on a day to day basis by event specialist Dave Wilkie, who also provided training for many of the touring crew.[24]

U2 will purchase carbon offsets to take into consideration the environmental impact of the massive production, which has been estimated to be up to 65,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide; approximately the same amount that would be emitted in flying a passenger plane to Mars.[8][25] In addition to the carbon offsets the band also set up a page on PickupPal so that people could carpool to concerts in an attempt to lower the carbon footprint.[26] Most of the carbon emissions are a result of transporting the three stage structures across Europe and North America.[25] An environmental consultant to carbonfootprint.com noted that to offset the tour's 2009 emissions, the band would have to plant over 20,000 trees.[25] In an interview with BBC Radio, The Edge reiterated that U2 were offsetting their carbon emissions, also stating, "We'd love to have some alternative to big trucks bringing the stuff around but there just isn't one."[27]

Load-out of the massive set from venues takes 3½ days. Sound and light equipment is packed into the fleet of trucks first during the four hours following the concert; the remainder of the time is spent deconstructing the steel structures making up the stage using four cranes.[28]

Commercial partnerships and philanthropy

Cars with the Blackberry and U2 branding in front of the Rogers Centre in Toronto.
A fan wearing an Aung San Suu Kyi mask.

The tour is U2's first under their 12-year deal with Live Nation.[10] It is sponsored by BlackBerry,[20] in a move that breaks U2's prior relationship with Apple Inc. and opens possibilities for collaborations between U2 and Research in Motion on mobile music experiences.[29] Lead singer Bono said of the new relationship, "I’m very excited about this. Research in Motion is going to give us what Apple wouldn’t: access to their labs and their people so we can do something really spectacular."[30] The explicit corporate sponsorship of a tour was a first for the group, and was due to the anticipated production costs being higher than for any previous U2 tour.[8] The first commercials for a new Blackberry application, called the "U2 Mobile App", began airing in early July 2009 against the song "I'll Go Crazy If I Don't Go Crazy Tonight"; the application allows the user to listen to the album No Line on the Horizon, contains a news section which features updates about the tour, and an interactive section that allows the sharing of images and enables the user to see their position during a concert relative to the band and other application users.[31] Models of the stage are added to Google Earth approximately a week before the scheduled concert takes place; tour architect Mark Fisher stated, "We thought it would be interesting to put up on Google Earth a piece of portable architecture."[32]

A category of stage-close seats called "The Red Zone" was created to be sold via an auction process, at prices estimated at up to €1,000.[33] All proceeds are to be donated by U2 members to charity, with The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria expected to receive much of it.[33] Approximately €9 million in U2 360° Tour profits is expected to go to charity.[33] The band asked fans to bring masks of Aung San Suu Kyi to concerts and wear them during performances of "Walk On" in her support; the song was originally written for Suu Kyi.[34]

The tour has been subject to minor criticisms, at both the events surrounding the opening concerts in Barcelona, and the concerts in Dublin. When rehearsing for the tour in Barcelona, residents of the city complained about the band's noise after 10 pm, which was the time until which the city allowed the band to rehearse.[35] The setup of the band's stage for the Croke Park concerts in Dublin was criticized by fans for only allowing seating around part of the circular-shaped stage, taking away from the 360° seating configuration that was used at other venues. One fan claimed that only 270° of seating around the stage was being utilized for the three Dublin concerts, and that there was no reason that the stage could not be placed in the middle of the venue.[36] Additional criticisms about the Croke Park shows arose from about 80 Dublin citizens, who protested against the Dublin City Council for allowing the band's crew to dismantle the stage in the middle of the night following the three concerts, due to the loud noises caused by the crew. The protest blocked several crew trucks from exiting the venue, putting the tour behind schedule, and tour promoter MCD Productions delivered a letter to the protesters informing them that they could be sued for any of the tour's financial losses due to the protest.[37] In addition to the loudness of the band's crew, the Dublin City Council decided to withhold the band's 80,000 bond, after breaking the 75 decibel maximum volume at all three of the Dublin concerts.[38]

Like most concerts, tour venues have benefited from hosting concerts as well. North Carolina State University's agreement with Live Nation resulted in $166,000 in parking proceeds and $175,858 food and beverage concessions. Additionally Live Nation agreed to pay for replacing the sod on the football field where the stage and floor seating was located up to a cost of $250,000.[39]

Tickets and itinerary

The initial tour dates were formally announced in March 2009.[4] U2 played 44 shows in 2009.[10] The tour began in Barcelona on 30 June and played in Europe through 22 August 2009.[10] The North American leg of the tour began on 12 September 2009 in Chicago followed by two nights in Toronto and ended on 28 October 2009 in Vancouver.[10] The band will return to North America for June and July 2010, and travel back to Europe for August and September 2010. The band tentatively plan to tour South America sometime in 2010.[10] The U2 360° Tour could potentially consist of 90–100 shows over the two years.[10]

U2 manager Paul McGuinness confessed anxiety over initial ticket sales taking place during the late 2000s recession.[9] Drummer Larry Mullen, Jr. said, "Will we sell it out? Who knows? Will the economic situation have an impact? Probably. But that's not going to stop us."[8] Bono said, “I want to put on an extraordinary show, but I’d like to own my house when it’s over.”[40] The tour will feature a tiered pricing system for tickets; the most expensive ticket will be slightly higher in price than the last tour, but the cheapest tickets, the general admission tickets, will be lower in price than the previous tour.[10] Playing larger capacity venues allows the band to price tickets more conservatively and subsidize less expensive tickets with costlier ones.[8] Field level tickets will be priced at $55, and approximately 10,000 tickets per show will cost $30. The price points will be $30, $55, and depending on the market, $90–95 and $250.[10] McGuinness said, "We have worked very hard to ensure that U2 fans can purchase a great-priced ticket with a guaranteed great view."[41]

Tickets for European shows began going on sale in mid-March, with very high demand. Shows in Gothenburg, Amsterdam and Milan sold out quickly with second dates being added in each city;[42] those soon sold out as well.[43] In The Netherlands, demand rendered all of KPN's 0900 paid service numbers unreachable.[44] The nearly 90,000 tickets for the opening concert in Barcelona were sold in 54 minutes, establishing a new record for concerts in Spain.[45] The tour set a record by selling 650,000 tickets in seven hours.[21] Regarding quick sellout of two Croke Park shows in Dublin, Bono said: "It's overwhelming, really. It's a very big deal for us to sell-out our hometown at such speed, it's unbelievable. ... We don't take anything for granted."[21] Fans from all over the globe travelled to Ireland for the band's hometown shows, leading the Gaelic Athletic Association to close their museum in Croke Park for the duration of the events due to fears over security and excessive demand.[46] The Croke Park shows later won Top Boxscore at the 2009 Billboard Touring Awards.[47]

North American tickets began to go on sale in late March. Fans who purchase general admission tickets are given seating closest to the stage on a first-come, first-served basis.[10] Presales are held for U2.com subscribers, with those holding membership the longest getting the first chance to purchase tickets.[48] Sales were strong, with initial dates in Chicago and outside Boston and New York selling out within minutes once the public sale began, and with second shows being added at each venue.[49] Due to the higher capacity of the 360 degree configuration, the shows will often set records for the largest concert attendance at each venue as well.[49] Two of the U2 360° Tour's concerts are in the top five highest attended single concerts in the United States ever, with the 25 October performance in Pasadena, California, setting the record at 97,014 attendees.[50] By the end of the tour's second leg the band had performed before about 3 million fans and had grossed around $300 million, but the high production costs meant the tour was yet to make any money for the group.[40] Sales of No Line on the Horizon had been slow, meaning the group was not making much money from that either.[40]

The high US demand for tickets for the tour, and the difficulty which some fans had in getting them, brought attention to rapidity with which tickets turned up on the higher-priced secondary market.[51] Some tickets were being resold on the secondary market for prices of up to $7,500.[52] Additionally, pre-sale passwords were being sold on eBay for bids of up to $400.[52] Although some artists were known to be holding back tickets from general sale and delivering them straight into the secondary market, Live Nation said that U2 did not engage in this practice.[51]

Concert setlists and show themes

Bono and Adam Clayton during a performance of "Until the End of the World" in Toronto.

Each concert of the U2 360° Tour contains between 22 and 24 songs. David Bowie's "Space Oddity" and an unreleased U2 track called "Kingdom of Your Love" from the No Line on the Horizon sessions precede the band's arrival on stage.[19] The opening five tracks were identical each night on the first leg; "Breathe" opened and was followed by "No Line on the Horizon", "Get on Your Boots", "Magnificent", and "Beautiful Day". The next few tracks featured the most variation of the setlist. "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For" was played frequently, while early concerts featured a selection from "Angel of Harlem", "In a Little While", "Desire", and "Party Girl". Concerts later on included "Mysterious Ways", "Until the End of the World", "New Year's Day", and "Stuck in a Moment You Can't Get Out Of. "Stay (Faraway, So Close!)", "Elevation, and "Electrical Storm" were played on rare occasions, and "One", which usually closed the main set, was sometimes performed about half-way through. The rest of the setlist had little variation. "Unknown Caller" was played most nights, and was followed by "The Unforgettable Fire", "City of Blinding Lights", and "Vertigo". The Redanka remix arrangement of "I'll Go Crazy If I Don't Go Crazy Tonight" was performed next, featuring Larry Mullen, Jr. walking around the outer stage playing a djembe,[53] followed by "Sunday Bloody Sunday", which features scenes from the 2009 Iranian election protests on the video screen.[54][55] "Pride (In the Name of Love)", "MLK", "Walk On", "Where the Streets Have No Name", and "One" typically rounded out the main set, though the band occasionally closed it with "Bad" or "Mysterious Ways". "One" was usually preceded by a video from Archbishop Desmond Tutu talking about aid to Africa and the ONE campaign, though the video was played prior to "Where the Streets Have No Name" on occasion.[56]

During the encore, Bono wears a laser-embedded suit and sings with a microphone embedded into a glowing steering wheel that hangs from above.

The encore was identical each night and consisted of "Ultraviolet (Light My Way)", "With or Without You", and "Moment of Surrender".[57] "Ultraviolet" featured an elaborate staging wherein Bono wore a suit with embedded with lasers that shone through the violet lighting scheme, while singing to, around, and hanging from, an illuminated steering wheel-shaped microphone dropped from above.[53] Following the band's exit from the stage, Elton John's "Rocket Man" was played.

The second leg of the tour featured more variation in the first part of the setlist. "Breathe" opened most concerts, though its place was occasionally taken by "Magnificent". "No Line on the Horizon" continued to follow "Breathe" in early setlists, but was later moved back so that it followed "Beautiful Day" instead. "Mysterious Ways" and "Elevation" were performed more frequently, as was "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For". "Your Blue Room", a track from Original Soundtracks 1, made its live debut on the tour (with recorded guest vocals by Sinéad O'Connor), while "Pride (In the Name of Love)" was dropped. "Unknown Caller" was dropped for a period of several weeks before being revived towards the end of the leg, and "In a Little While" also returned to the setlist. "One" now opened the first encore and was followed by "Where the Streets Have No Name", with "Amazing Grace" often used to bridge between them.[56] The second encore remained unchanged.

"The Unforgettable Fire" and "Ultraviolet (Light My Way)" were played in a U2 concert for the first time since the Lovetown Tour in 1990 and the Zoo TV Tour in 1993 respectively, while "Electrical Storm", a 2002 single from The Best of 1990-2000, was played for the first time ever.[58][59] "If God Will Send His Angels", "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own", and "Drowning Man", a previously unplayed song from War, were rehearsed before the start of the tour, as was "Even Better Than the Real Thing" in the Perfecto mix style,[60] while The Edge stated in an interview with Rolling Stone that "Luminous Times (Hold on to Love)" was also being considered.[61] None of these were played during the first two legs of the tour. Willie Williams stated in his 27 June 2009 tour diary entry on U2.com that the band "really wants [Drowning Man] to work and it sounds great", but the rest of the setlist struggled due to the song's "beautiful melancholy".[62] In his 24 July 2009 entry, Williams noted that "October" and "White as Snow" were also being considered.[63] "Sunday Bloody Sunday" and "Mysterious Ways" were rehearsed in an acoustic style,[60] but performances during the tour were done by the full band.

Bono said that the setlist was divided into two acts and a coda. The first half of the setlist, "Breathe" to "Vertigo", focuses on the personal, where Bono "envisages himself as a young man, struggling to find his feet in life and in search of some kind of personal epiphany."[54] The Redanka remix of "I'll Go Crazy If I Don't Go Crazy Tonight" is intended to disorient the audience as the band move into the second act, "Sunday Bloody Sunday" to the encore, which focuses more on the political aspect of Bono's persona, where he "[wrestles] with the problems of the wider world."[54] The coda, showcased in the encore, displays U2 "at their most raw and vulnerable, stripped to the metaphorical bone."[54]

Link up with the International Space Station

At some concerts during the European leg of the tour, a video link-up with the crew of the International Space Station was aired.[64] This segment was recorded by the astronauts on 26 June 2009.[65] In an interview with BBC Radio, Bono stated that a second video piece had been recorded where the astronauts aboard the International Space Station sang "Your Blue Room".[55] A NASA press release revealed that crewmember Frank DeWinne had recorded the final verse of the song on 18 August 2009.[65][66] Images of the Station and of space provided to the band by NASA are presented in a video montage during the piece, recorded for the North American leg of the tour.[65] A different video piece featuring DeWinne debuted at the Las Vegas concert during "In a Little While" where Frank repeats the bridge at the very end of the song.

DVD release

Panorama of Rose Bowl during the filming of the concert.
A panorama of the Rose Bowl during the filming of the live concert.

The 25 October 2009 concert at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California was filmed for a later DVD release.[67] It was the first time since 1983's Live at Red Rocks: Under a Blood Red Sky that the band have intentionally filmed over a single night.[68] The shoot was directed by Tom Krueger. The concert was also streamed live on U2's YouTube channel, and archived on the website for later viewing. The feed was initially going to be available only in Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, South Korea, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States, but this was later changed so that the stream would be available worldwide.[69][70] It was the first time a concert has streamed live on YouTube.[67] Nearly 10 million people from 188 countries were reported to have watched the feed.[71]

Reception

Reception towards the U2 360° Tour was generally positive. The New York Times described the stage as "part insect, part spacecraft, part cathedral", noting that the design meant the band was more visible than on previous tours.[72] They also praised the fact that political messages took a backseat to the music, while NBC News suggested that using the video screen to display Aung San Suu Kyi and Desmond Tutu reminded attendees of the plights of people in the developing world.[72][73] Rolling Stone called the production a cross between Zoo TV and the Elevation Tour and noted that the design elements "all but disappear" from the band's perspective onstage.[19] The National Post saw structural similarities in the stage to the alien craft in War of the Worlds, stating the concert "was as if the band had descended to colonize the stadium with their message of intergalactic hope," and that the space theme meant "When you can play music with someone who's in space, the idea goes, you're shrinking our corner of the universe down to size."[74] The Washington Post stated that the visual display made the band seem invincible, but that the performance was more of an "orgy of light and sound" than a rock concert.[75] In contrast, The Boston Globe felt that the stage's size caused the band to struggle to connect with the audience and play with intimacy, as all four members were often playing to a different section of the stadium.[76]

With a gross of over $311 million for the 44 shows in 2009, the U2 360° Tour was the highest grossing tour of the year.[77] The tour is expected to achieve a total gross of $750 million by the end of 2010.[78]

Tour dates

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Leg 1: Europe 2009

Date City Country Venue Opening Act(s)
30 June Barcelona Spain Camp Nou Snow Patrol
2 July
7 July Milan Italy San Siro
8 July
11 July Paris/Saint Denis France Stade de France Kaiser Chiefs
12 July
15 July Nice Parc des Sports Charles Ehrmann Snow Patrol
18 July Berlin Germany Olympic Stadium
20 July Amsterdam Netherlands Amsterdam Arena
21 July
24 July Dublin Ireland Croke Park Glasvegas, Damien Dempsey
25 July Kaiser Chiefs, Republic Of Loose
27 July Bell X1, The Script
31 July Gothenburg Sweden Ullevi Stadium Snow Patrol
1 August
3 August Gelsenkirchen Germany Veltins Arena
6 August Chorzow Poland Śląski Stadium
9 August Zagreb Croatia Maksimir Stadium Snow Patrol, The Hours
10 August
14 August London England Wembley Stadium Elbow, The Hours
15 August Glasvegas, The Hours
18 August Glasgow Scotland Hampden Park
20 August Sheffield England Don Valley Stadium Elbow, The Hours
22 August Cardiff Wales Millennium Stadium Glasvegas, The Hours

Leg 2: North America 2009

Date City Country Venue Opening Act(s)
12 September Chicago United States Soldier Field Snow Patrol
13 September
16 September Toronto Canada Rogers Centre
17 September
20 September Foxborough United States Gillette Stadium
21 September
23 September East Rutherford Giants Stadium Muse
24 September
29 September Landover FedEx Field
1 October Charlottesville Scott Stadium
3 October Raleigh Carter-Finley Stadium
6 October Atlanta Georgia Dome
9 October Tampa Raymond James Stadium
12 October Arlington Cowboys Stadium
14 October Houston Reliant Stadium
18 October Norman Oklahoma Memorial Stadium Black Eyed Peas
20 October Glendale University of Phoenix Stadium
23 October Las Vegas Sam Boyd Stadium
25 October Pasadena Rose Bowl
28 October Vancouver Canada BC Place Stadium

Leg 3: North America 2010

Date City Country Venue Opening Act(s)
3 June Salt Lake City United States Rice Eccles Stadium Lenny Kravitz
6 June Anaheim Angel Stadium
7 June
12 June Denver Invesco Field
16 June Oakland Oakland Coliseum The Fray
20 June Seattle Qwest Field
23 June Edmonton Canada Commonwealth Stadium
27 June Minneapolis United States TCF Bank Stadium Interpol
30 June East Lansing Spartan Stadium
3 July Toronto Canada Rogers Centre
6 July Chicago United States Soldier Field
9 July Miami Sun Life Stadium
12 July Philadelphia Lincoln Financial Field
16 July Montreal Canada Hippodrome de Montréal
17 July
19 July East Rutherford United States Meadowlands Stadium

Leg 4: Europe 2010

Date City Country Venue
6 August Turin Italy Stadio Olimpico di Torino
10 August Frankfurt Germany Commerzbank Arena
12 August Hannover AWD-Arena
15 August Horsens Denmark CASA Arena Horsens
16 August
20 August Helsinki Finland Helsinki Olympic Stadium
21 August
25 August Moscow Russia Luzhniki Stadium
30 August Vienna Austria Ernst-Happel-Stadion
3 September Athens Greece Athens Olympic Stadium
6 September Istanbul Turkey Atatürk Olympic Stadium
11 September Zurich Switzerland Letzigrund Stadion
12 September
15 September Munich Germany Olympiastadion
18 September Paris France Stade de France
22 September Brussels Belgium King Baudouin Stadium
23 September
26 September San Sebastián Spain Estadio Anoeta
29 September Seville Estadio Olímpico de Sevilla
2 October Coimbra Portugal Estádio Cidade de Coimbra
3 October
8 October Rome Italy Stadio Olimpico

See also

References

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  2. ^ All but three shows on the Elevation Tour were in arenas, and all North American Vertigo Tour shows were in arenas.
  3. ^ Lustig, Jay (2009-03-09). "U2's 360 Degree Tour coming to Giants Stadium". The Star-Ledger. http://www.nj.com/entertainment/music/index.ssf/2009/03/u2_to_rock_giants_stadium.html. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  4. ^ a b c "Announcing the U2 360° Tour". U2.com. 2009-03-09. http://www.u2.com/tour/presale. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  5. ^ a b c "Rock 'n' roll - not what it used to be". Lloyd's. 2009-04-14. http://www.lloyds.com/News_Centre/Features_from_Lloyds/News_and_features_2009/Market_news/Rock_n_roll-not_what_it_used_to_be.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Paul McGuiness on U2's World Tour". Hot Press. 2009-03-04. http://www.hotpress.com/archive/5293385.html. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 
  7. ^ McGee, Matt (2002-06-12). "The Full Willie, Pt. 2". atu2.com. http://www.atu2.com/news/article.src?ID=2330. Retrieved 2009-03-16. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hiatt, Brian (2009-03-23). "Inside U2's Plans to Rock Stadiums Around the Globe". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/26841404/inside_u2s_plans_to_rock_stadiums_around_the_globe. Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  9. ^ a b c Waddell, Ray (2009-03-06). "U2 gets on its boots for 2-year world tour". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/lifestyleMolt/idUSTRE5260JX20090307. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Waddell, Ray (2009-03-06). "U2 to 'Kiss the Future' on Global Stadium Tour". Billboard. http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/news/exclusive-u2-to-kiss-the-future-on-global-1003948418.story. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 
  11. ^ "U2 Stage Sets Trendsetting Hydraulics". Publisher Design & Development. 2009-08-31. http://www.pddnet.com/news-u2-stage-sets-trendsetting-hydraulics-090109/. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  12. ^ a b "U2 stages 'to become gig venues'". BBC News online. 2009-08-14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8201157.stm. Retrieved 2009-08-14. 
  13. ^ "U2 gig 'to break Wembley record'". BBC News online. 2009-08-14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/8202230.stm. Retrieved 2009-08-14. 
  14. ^ "U2 Comes to Rescue of the Cowboys About Scoreboard". Austin 8 news. 2009-08-24. http://www.news8austin.com/content/sports/?ArID=250613&SecID=5. Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
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