UEFA Intertoto Cup: Wikis

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UEFA Intertoto Cup
UEFA Intertoto Cup logo.svg
Founded 1961 (taken over by UEFA in 1995)
Abolished 2008
Region Europe (UEFA)
Number of teams 50
Current champions Braga
Website UEFA Intertoto Cup

The UEFA Intertoto Cup, also abbreviated as UI Cup and originally called the International Football Cup, was a summer football competition for European clubs that have not qualified for one of the two major UEFA competitions, the Champions League and the UEFA Cup. The competition was discontinued after the 2008 tournament.[1] Teams who originally would have entered the Intertoto Cup directly enter in the qualifying stages of the UEFA Europa League from this point.

The tournament was founded in 1961–62, but was only taken over by UEFA in 1995.

Any club who wished to participate had to apply for entry, with the highest placed club (by league position in their domestic league) at the end of the season entering the competition. The club didn't necessarily have to be ranked directly below the clubs which had qualified for another UEFA competition; if the club which was in that position did not apply, they would not be eligible to compete, with the place instead going to the club which did apply.

The cup billed itself as providing both an opportunity for clubs who otherwise would not get the chance to enter the UEFA Cup and as an opportunity for sports lotteries (or pools) to continue during the summer.[2] This reflects its background, which was as a tournament solely for football pools. In 1995, the tournament came under official UEFA sanctioning[3] and UEFA Cup qualification places were granted. Initially, two were provided; this was increased to three after one year; but in 2006, it was again increased to the final total of 11.

Contents

History

The Intertoto Cup was the idea of the later FIFA vice-president and founder of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, Ernst B. Thommen, and the Austrian coach Karl Rappan, who coached the Swiss national team at the 1938 FIFA World Cup and the Austrian national team at the 1954 World Cup.[2] The "Cup for the Cupless" was also heavily promoted by the Swiss newspaper Sport. It derived its name from Toto, the German term for Football pools.

Thommen, who had set up football betting pools in Switzerland in 1932, had a major interest in having purposeful matches played in the summer break. UEFA were initially disinclined to support the tournament, finding its betting background distasteful; nevertheless they permitted the new tournament but refrained from getting officially involved.[2] Clubs which qualified for one of the official continental competitions, such as the European Champions Cups and Cup Winners Cup, were not allowed to participate.

The first tournament was held in 1961 as the International Football Cup (IFC). Initially the Cup had a group stage, which led to knock-out matches culminating in a final. By 1967, it had become difficult to organize the games,[3] and so the knock-out rounds and the final were scrapped, leaving the tournament without a single winner. Instead, group winners received prizes of CHF10,000-15,000.

By 1995, UEFA had reconsidered its opinion, took official control of the tournament and changed its format. Initially, two winners were given a place in the UEFA Cup. The success of one of the first winners, Bordeaux, in reaching the final of the 1995–96 UEFA Cup encouraged UEFA to add a third UEFA Cup place in 1996.[3]

Many clubs dislike the competition and see it as disruptive in the preparation for the new season. As a consequence, they do not nominate themselves for participation even if entitled. In particular, following its 1995 relaunch, clubs in England were skeptical about the competition; after initially being offered three places in the cup, all English top division teams rejected the chance to take part.[4] Following the threat of bans of English teams from all UEFA competitions,[4] the situation was eventually resolved with three English clubs entering weakened teams, and none of them qualifying.

In following years, UEFA made it possible for nations to forfeit Intertoto places. For example, in 1998, Scotland, San Marino and Moldova forfeited their places, and England, Portugal, and Greece forfeited one of their two, Crystal Palace being the sole English entrant despite finishing bottom of the Premiership.[5] Other clubs have built upon their success in the UI Cup, following it up with great campaigns in the UEFA Cup. Furthermore, UEFA rejected this assertion that the tournament is disruptive. They point out that in the 2004–05 season, two of the three 2004 Intertoto Cup winners went on to qualify for the Champions League.[3]

In December 2007, following the election of new UEFA president Michel Platini, it was announced that the Intertoto Cup would be abolished as of 2009. This was a part of a range of changes that were to be made to the UEFA Cup/Champions League System. Instead of teams qualifying for the Intertoto Cup, they will now qualify directly for the qualifying stages of the UEFA Europa League, which will be expanded to four rounds to accommodate them.

Format

When the competition was taken over by UEFA in 1995, the format was both a group stage and a knock-out stage; 60 teams were split into 12 groups of five with the 16 best teams then contesting the knock-out stage with two-legged ties at each stage, the two winning finalists qualifying for the UEFA Cup. In 1996 and 1997, just the 12 group winners entered the knock-out round, with now three finalists advancing. Nations were allocated places according to their UEFA coefficients, much as with other UEFA tournaments.

The group stage was scrapped for the 1998 tournament, which became a straight knock-out tournament, with clubs from more successful nations entering at a later stage. This arrangement lasted until 2005.

From the 2006 tournament, the format for the Cup changed. There were three rounds instead of the previous five, and the 11 winning teams from the third round went through to the second qualifying round of the UEFA Cup.[6] For the first time since the 1960s, there is provision for an actual trophy – whichever sides go furthest in the UEFA Cup will each be awarded a trophy.[7] The first winners were Newcastle United, who won the 2006 tournament outright by going further in the UEFA Cup 2006–07 than the other ten qualifiers.[8]

Only one team from each national association will be allowed to enter. However, should one or more nations not take up their place, the possibility has been left open for nations to have a second entrant. Seedings and entry are determined by each association. [6] Teams from the weakest federations enter at the first round stage, while those from mid-level federations enter in the second round, and those from the strongest federations enter in the third round.

Winners

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2006–2008

Listed are all 11 teams that won the third round matches, qualifying them for the UEFA Cup. The outright winners (determined by their UEFA Cup performance) are marked in bold.

Year Overall winners Other Third round winners
2008 Portugal Braga England Aston Villa Spain Deportivo La Coruña Germany Stuttgart Norway Rosenborg Italy Napoli
France Rennes Romania Vaslui Sweden Elfsborg Switzerland Grasshopper Austria Sturm Graz
2007 Germany Hamburg Spain Atlético Madrid Denmark AaB Italy Sampdoria England Blackburn Rovers France Lens
Portugal União de Leiria Austria Rapid Wien Sweden Hammarby Romania Oţelul Galaţi Kazakhstan Tobol
2006 England Newcastle United France Auxerre Switzerland Grasshopper Denmark OB France Marseille Germany Hertha BSC
Turkey Kayserispor Cyprus Ethnikos Achna Netherlands Twente Austria Ried Slovenia Maribor

1995–2005

The results shown are the aggregate total over two legs.

Year Winners Runners-Up Result
2005 Germany Hamburg Spain Valencia 1 – 0
France Lens Romania CFR Cluj 4 – 2
France Marseille Spain Deportivo La Coruña 5 – 3
2004 France Lille Portugal União de Leiria 2 – 0 (after extra time)
Germany Schalke 04 Czech Republic Slovan Liberec 3 – 1
Spain Villarreal Spain Atlético Madrid 2 – 2 (3 – 1 on penalties)
2003 Germany Schalke 04 Austria Pasching 2 – 0
Spain Villarreal Netherlands Heerenveen 2 – 1
Italy Perugia Germany Wolfsburg 3 – 0
2002 Spain Málaga Spain Villarreal 2 – 1
England Fulham Italy Bologna 5 – 3
Germany Stuttgart France Lille 2 – 1
2001 England Aston Villa Switzerland Basel 5 – 2
France Paris Saint-Germain Italy Brescia 1 – 1 (away goals)
France Troyes England Newcastle United 4 – 4 (away goals)
2000 Italy Udinese Czech Republic Sigma Olomouc 6 – 4
Spain Celta de Vigo Russia Zenit St. Petersburg 4 – 3
Germany Stuttgart France Auxerre 3 – 1
1999 France Montpellier Germany Hamburg 2 – 2 (3 – 0 on penalties)
Italy Juventus France Rennes 4 – 2
England West Ham United France Metz 3 – 2
1998 Spain Valencia Austria Austria Salzburg 4 – 1
Germany Werder Bremen Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vojvodina 2 – 1
Italy Bologna Poland Ruch Chorzów 3 – 0
1997 France Bastia Sweden Halmstad 2 – 1
France Lyon France Montpellier 4 – 2
France Auxerre Germany Duisburg 2 – 0
1996 Germany Karlsruhe Belgium Standard Liège 3 – 2
France Guingamp Russia Rotor Volgograd 2 – 2 (away goals)
Denmark Silkeborg Croatia Segesta 2 – 2 (away goals)
1995 France Strasbourg Austria Tirol Innsbruck 7 – 2
France Bordeaux Germany Karlsruhe 4 – 2

1967–94

During this time there were no competition winners, as only group stages were contested.

1960s 1967 1968 1969
1970s 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979
1980s 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
1990s 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994

1961–67

The results shown are the aggregate total over two legs unless otherwise noted.

Season Winners Runner-Up Results
1966–67 Germany Eintracht Frankfurt Czechoslovakia Inter Bratislava 4 – 3
1965–66 East Germany Lokomotive Leipzig Sweden IFK Norrköping 4 – 1
1964–65 Poland Polonia Bytom East Germany Leipzig 5 – 4
1963–64 Czechoslovakia Slovnaft Bratislava Poland Polonia Bytom 1 – 0*
1962–63 Czechoslovakia Slovnaft Bratislava Italy Padova 1 – 0*
1961–62 Netherlands Ajax Netherlands Feyenoord 4 – 2*
* - Single match finals (although 1962–63 has been unofficially reported as over two legs)

Slovnaft Bratislava is the same club as Inter Bratislava (renamed), while Leipzig were renamed Lokomotive Leipzig.

Winners by nation

From 2006 onwards, the final round was no longer termed as the "Final", but instead simply as the "Third Round". In addition, there were 11 winners, compared to three under the old system. The club which progressed furthest in the UEFA Cup were declared overall winners. The Third Round winners and losers from 2006 are included in this table. Teams which are in bold have been overall winners.

Nation Winners Runners-Up Winning Clubs Runner-Up Clubs
France France 16 5 Auxerre (2), Bastia, Bordeaux, Guingamp, Lens (2), Lille, Lyon, Marseille (2), Montpellier, Paris Saint-Germain, Rennes, Strasbourg, Troyes Auxerre, Lille, Metz, Montpellier, Rennes
Germany Germany 11 4 Frankfurt, Hamburg (2), Hertha BSC, Karlsruhe, Schalke 04 (2), Stuttgart (3), Werder Bremen Duisburg, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Wolfsburg
Spain Spain 7 5 Celta de Vigo, Málaga, Valencia, Villarreal (2), Atlético Madrid, Deportivo La Coruña Atlético Madrid, Deportivo La Coruña, Valencia, Villarreal (2)
Italy Italy 6 3 Bologna, Juventus, Napoli, Perugia, Sampdoria, Udinese Bologna, Brescia, Padova
England England 6 1 Aston Villa (2), Blackburn Rovers, Fulham, Newcastle United, West Ham United Newcastle United
Austria Austria 3 3 Rapid Wien, Ried, Sturm Graz Tirol Innsbruck, Pasching, Austria Salzburg
Denmark Denmark 3 1 AaB, OB, Silkeborg OB
Netherlands Netherlands 2 4 Ajax, Twente Feyenoord, Heerenveen, NAC Breda, Utrecht
Romania Romania 2 3 Oţelul Galaţi, Vaslui CFR Cluj, Farul Constanţa, Gloria Bistriţa
Sweden Sweden 2 3 Elfsborg, Hammarby Halmstad, IFK Norrköping, Kalmar
Czech Republic Czechoslovakia 2 1 Inter Bratislava (2) Inter Bratislava
Portugal Portugal 2 1 Braga, União de Leiria União de Leiria
Switzerland Switzerland 2 1 Grasshopper (2) Basel
Poland Poland 1 2 Polonia Bytom Polonia Bytom, Ruch Chorzów
Turkey Turkey 1 2 Kayserispor Sivasspor, Trabzonspor
East Germany East Germany 1 1 Lokomotive Leipzig Lokomotive Leipzig
Norway Norway 1 1 Rosenborg Lillestrøm
Cyprus Cyprus 1 Ethnikos Achna
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 1 Tobol Kostanay
Slovenia Slovenia 1 Maribor
Russia Russia 5 FC Moscow, Saturn, Rotor Volgograd, Rubin Kazan, Zenit St. Petersburg
Belgium Belgium 3 Gent (2), Standard Liège
Greece Greece 3 Larisa, OFI Crete, Panionios
Ukraine Ukraine 3 Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk, Chornomorets Odessa, Tavriya Simferopol
Bulgaria Bulgaria 2 Cherno More Varna, Chernomorets Burgas
Czech Republic Czech Republic 2 Sigma Olomouc, Slovan Liberec
Israel Israel 2 Maccabi Petah Tikva, Bnei Sakhnin
Moldova Moldova 2 Dacia Chişinău, Tiraspol
Serbia Serbia 2 Vojvodina, Hajduk Kula
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 1 Neftchi Baku
Croatia Croatia 1 Segesta
Hungary Hungary 1 Budapest Honvéd
Lithuania Lithuania 1 Vėtra
Latvia Latvia 1 Riga
Scotland Scotland 1 Hibernian

See also

References

  1. ^ Chaplin, Mark (2007-12-01). "Champions League changes agreed". uefa.com. http://www.uefa.com/uefa/keytopics/kind=64/newsid=630602.html. Retrieved 2007-12-01.  
  2. ^ a b c Elbech, Søren Florin. "Background on the Intertoto Cup". http://www.mogiel.net/EC/intertoto-history/background.php. Retrieved 2006-06-07.  
  3. ^ a b c d "UEFA Intertoto Cup history". UEFA.com. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/intertotocup/history/index.html. Retrieved 2006-06-07.  
  4. ^ a b "Intertoto Cup: English Joy". http://euro.futbal.org/efo/9596/toto/toto_england.html. Retrieved 2006-06-07.  
  5. ^ "1998 Intertoto Cup Draw". EuroFutbal Archive. http://euro.futbal.org/efo/9899/intertoto.html. Retrieved 2006-06-07.  
  6. ^ a b "New look for Intertoto Cup". UEFA.com. http://www.uefa.com/competitions/IntertotoCup/news/Kind=1/newsId=400217.html. Retrieved 2007-02-20.  
  7. ^ "Regulations of the Intertoto Cup 2006" (PDF). UEFA. http://www.uefa.com/newsfiles/19069.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-15. "The clubs which qualify for ... the UEFA Cup and which subsequently go furthest in the competition each receive a UEFA Intertoto Cup trophy"  
  8. ^ "Newcastle to lift Intertoto Cup". BBC Sport. 2006-12-16. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/teams/n/newcastle_united/6185511.stm. Retrieved 2007-02-20.  

External links


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