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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

While the United Nations is an international organization, the United Nations System is the whole network of international organizations, treaties and conventions that were created by the United Nations.

The United Nations System is based on five active principal organs (formerly six, the UN Trusteeship Council suspended operations in 1994):

In addition separate organizations, often subordinate to the principal organs, have been created to solve specialized tasks.

Contents

Organizations of the United Nations System

One of the remarkable features of the UN system is the duplication of responsibility.

For example, frustrated by their inability to control the ECOSOC the Assembly's third-world majority created the Conference on Trade and Development to address special issues that ECOSOC was not addressing.[1]

Likewise, but just as an example, UNODOC (UN Office on Drugs and Crime) reports to the Secretariat, ECOSOC has a Functional Commission on crime and a separate one on Drugs, and the Assembly oversees the Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute. UN's Org Chart

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Organizations of the General Assembly

  • Main committees
  • Other session committees
  • Standing committees and ad hoc bodies
  • Other subsidiary organizations

Some of the Programmes and Funds include:

  • Human Rights Council
  • UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
    • ITC - International Trade Centre (UNCTAD/WTO)
  • UNDCP - United Nations Drug Control Programme
  • UNDP - United Nations Development Programme
    • UNCDF - United Nations Capital Development Fund
    • UNIFEM - United Nations Development Fund for Women
    • UNV - United Nations Volunteers
  • UNEP - United Nations Environment Programme
  • UNFPA - United Nations Fund for Population Activities
  • UNHCR - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
  • UN-HABITAT - United Nations Human Settlements Programme
  • UNICEF - United Nations Children's Fund
  • WFP - World Food Programme
  • UNRWA - United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

Research and training institutes

  • INSTRAW - International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women
  • UNICRI - United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
  • UNITAR - United Nations Institute for Training and Research
  • UNRISD - United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
  • UNIDIR - United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (Reports only to the General Assembly)

Other entities

  • COPUOS - United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
  • JIU - Joint Inspection Unit (oversight body of the United Nations system)
  • OHCHR - Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
  • UNOPS - United Nations Office for Project Services
  • UNU - United Nations University
  • UNOOSA - United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs
  • UNSSC - United Nations System Staff College
  • UNAIDS - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
  • UNRRA - United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (ceased to exist in 1949)
  • UPEACE - United Nations Mandated University for Peace

Organizations of the Security Council

Organizations of the Economic and Social Council

Functional commissions

Regional commissions

Specialized agencies

The specialized agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other through the coordinating machinery of the Economic and Social Council.

  • ILO - International Labour Organization
  • FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization
  • UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • WHO - World Health Organization
  • World Bank Group
    • IBRD - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
    • IDA - International Development Association
    • IFC - International Finance Corporation
    • MIGA - Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
    • ICSID - International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
  • IMF - International Monetary Fund
  • ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organization
  • IMO - International Maritime Organization
  • ITU - International Telecommunication Union
  • UPU - Universal Postal Union
  • WMO - World Meteorological Organization
  • WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization
  • IFAD - International Fund for Agricultural Development
  • UNIDO - United Nations Industrial Development Organization
  • IRO - International Refugee Organization (ceased to exist in 1952)
  • INCB - International Narcotics Control Board
  • UNWTO - United Nations World Tourism Organization

Other entities

Organizations of the Secretariat

The United Nations Secretariat is led by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

  • OSG - Office of the Secretary-General
  • OIOS - Office of Internal Oversight Services
  • OLA - Office of Legal Affairs
  • DPA - Department of Political Affairs
  • ODA - Office for Disarmament Affairs
  • DPKO - Department of Peacekeeping Operations
  • OCHA - Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
  • DESA - Department of Economic and Social Affairs
  • DGACM - Department of General Assembly and Conference Management
  • DSS - Department of Safety and Security
  • DPI - Department of Public Information
  • DM - Department of Management
  • OIP - Office of the Iraq Programme
  • UNSECOORD - Office of the United Nations Security Coordinator
  • OHRLLS - Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States
  • ODC - Office on Drugs and Crime
  • UNOG - UN Office at Geneva
  • UNOV - UN Office at Vienna
  • UNON - UN Office at Nairobi

Organization of the International Court of Justice

See International Court of Justice.

Related organizations

CEB (Chief Executives Board) and Senior Management Group

The CEB (Chief Executives Board) brings together on a regular basis the executive heads of the organisations of the UN System, under the chairmanship of the Secretary-General of the UN.

There is also a Senior Management Group, which co-ordinates the work of the UN Secretariat and the UN Programmes and Funds, but does not include the UN Specialised Agencies.

See also

References

  1. ^ Basu, Rumki, "The United Nations: Structure and Functions of an International Organisation," Sterling Publishing, New Delhi, 1993.

External links


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