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USA PATRIOT Act
US-GreatSeal-Obverse.svg
Full title Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001
Acronym / colloquial name USA PATRIOT Act, also Patriot Act
Enacted by the 107th United States Congress
Citations
Public Law 107-56
Stat. 115 Stat. 272 (2001)
Codification
Act(s) amended Electronic Communications Privacy ActComputer Fraud and Abuse ActForeign Intelligence Surveillance ActFamily Educational Rights and Privacy ActMoney Laundering Control ActBank Secrecy ActRight to Financial Privacy ActFair Credit Reporting ActImmigration and Nationality ActVictims of Crime Act of 1984Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud and Abuse Prevention Act
Title(s) amended 8, 12, 15, 18, 20, 31, 42, 47, 49, 50
U.S.C. sections created 18 USC §2712, 31 USC §5318A, 15 USC §1681v, 8 USC §1226A, 18 USC §1993, 18 USC §2339, 18 USC §175b, 50 USC §403-5b, 51 USC §5103a
U.S.C. sections substantially amended 8 USC §1105, 8 USC §1182g, 8 USC §1189, 8 USC §1202, 12 USC §248, 12 USC §1828, 12 USC §3414, 15 USC §1681a, 15 USC §6102, 15 USC §6106, 18 USC §7, 18 USC §81, 18 USC §175, 18 USC §470, 18 USC §471, 18 USC §472, 18 USC §473, 18 USC §474, 18 USC §476, 18 USC §477, 18 USC §478, 18 USC §479, 18 USC §480, 18 USC §481, 18 USC §484, 18 USC §493, 18 USC §917, 18 USC §930, 18 USC §981, 18 USC §1029, 18 USC §1030, 18 USC §1362, 18 USC §1363, 18 USC §1366, 18 USC §1956, 18 USC §1960, 18 USC §1961, 18 USC §1992, 18 USC §2155, 18 USC §2325, 18 USC §2331, 18 USC §2332e, 18 USC §2339A, 18 USC §2339B, 18 USC §2340A, 18 USC §2510, 18 USC §2511, 18 USC §2516, 18 USC §2517, 18 USC §2520, 18 USC §2702, 18 USC §2703, 18 USC §2707, 18 USC §2709, 18 USC §2711, 18 USC §3056, 18 USC §3077, 18 USC §3103, 18 USC §3121, 18 USC §3123, 18 USC §3124, 18 USC §3127, 18 USC §3286, 18 USC §3583, 20 USC §1232g, 20 USC §9007, 31 USC §310 (redesignated), 31 USC §5311, 31 USC §5312, 31 USC §5317, 31 USC §5318, 31 USC §5319, 31 USC §5321, 31 USC §5322, 31 USC §5324, 31 USC §5330, 31 USC §5331, 31 USC §5332, 31 USC §5341, 42 USC §2284, 42 USC §2284, 42 USC §3796, 42 USC §3796h, 42 USC §10601, 42 USC §10602, 42 USC §10603, 42 USC §10603b, 42 USC §14601, 42 USC §14135A, 47 USC §551, 49 USC §31305, 49 USC §46504, 49 USC §46505, 49 USC §60123, 50 USC §403-3c, 50 USC §401a, 50 USC §1702, 50 USC §1801, 50 USC §1803, 50 USC §1804, 50 USC §1805, 50 USC §1806, 50 USC §1823, 50 USC §1824, 50 USC §1842, 50 USC §1861, 50 USC §1862, 50 USC §1863
Legislative history
Major amendments
.The USA PATRIOT Act, commonly known as the "Patriot Act", is a statute enacted by the United States Government and signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. The contrived acronym stands for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Public Law Pub.L. 107-56).^ H.R. 3162, the bill subsequently passed by the House on October 24, 2001 (the "House bill"), changed the title to the "Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT) Act of 2001."
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ [DOCID: f:publ056.107] [[Page 271]] UNITING AND STRENGTHENING AMERICA BY PROVIDING APPROPRIATE TOOLS REQUIRED TO INTERCEPT AND OBSTRUCT TERRORISM (USA PATRIOT ACT) ACT OF 2001 [[Page 115 STAT. 272]] Public Law 107-56 107th Congress An Act To deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and for other purposes.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ [DOCID: f:publ056.107] UNITING AND STRENGTHENING AMERICA BY PROVIDING APPROPRIATE TOOLS REQUIRED TO INTERCEPT AND OBSTRUCT TERRORISM (USA PATRIOT ACT) ACT OF 2001 Public Law 107-56 107th Congress An Act To deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law enforcement investigatory tools, and for other purposes.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Act increases the ability of law enforcement agencies to search telephone, e-mail communications, medical, financial, and other records; eases restrictions on foreign intelligence gathering within the United States; expands the Secretary of the Treasury’s authority to regulate financial transactions, particularly those involving foreign individuals and entities; and broadens the discretion of law enforcement and immigration authorities in detaining and deporting immigrants suspected of terrorism-related acts.^ Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic communications relating to terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Assistance to law enforcement agencies.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The act also expands the definition of terrorism to include domestic terrorism, thus enlarging the number of activities to which the USA PATRIOT Act’s expanded law enforcement powers can be applied.^ Definition of domestic terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.go-patriots.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Justice Department regarding the USA PATRIOT Act and the war on terrorism.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PATRIOT Act are necessary to thwart terrorism.
  • The Importance of the Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Act was passed by wide margins in both houses of Congress and was supported by members of both the Republican and Democratic parties.^ Both S. 1510 passed by the Senate on October 11, 2001 (the "Senate bill"), and H.R. 2975 passed by the House of Representatives on October 12, 2001, included this section containing the short title "Uniting and Strengthening America (USA) Act of 2001" and the table of contents for the Act.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to revise the National Security Act definitions section to include "international terrorism" as a subset of "foreign intelligence."
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ That the Sovietization of the American economy was accomplished, not by a Leninist vanguard party, but by two ostensibly capitalist parties, the Republicans and the Democrats, is an irony that few will note - until it is too late.
  • U.S. PATRIOT ACT  HR 3162 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

.Opponents of the law have criticized its authorization of indefinite detentions of immigrants; searches through which law enforcement officers search a home or business without the owner’s or the occupant’s permission or knowledge; the expanded use of National Security Letters, which allows the FBI to search telephone, e-mail, and financial records without a court order; and the expanded access of law enforcement agencies to business records, including library and financial records.^ Assistance to law enforcement agencies.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Section 215 authorizes the FBI to acquire any business records whatsoever by order of a secret U.S. court.
  • U.S. PATRIOT ACT  HR 3162 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The USA PATRIOT Act allows authorities to conduct surveillance without judicial review through the use of National Security Letters .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since its passage, several legal challenges have been brought against the act, and Federal courts have ruled that a number of provisions are unconstitutional.^ Amendment Relating to the Purposes of the Bank Secrecy Act Provisions.--Section 21(a) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1829b(a)) is amended to read as follows: .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ CFTC INCLUDED- For purposes of this Act and any amendment made by this Act to any other provision of law, the term `Federal functional regulator' includes the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision is modeled on the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 18 U.S.C. 3626, which terminated many prison-related consent decrees and which repeatedly has been upheld by the courts.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.Many of the act's provisions were to sunset beginning December 31, 2005, approximately 4 years after its passage.^ This provision will sunset on December 31, 2005.

^ The authority to share wiretap information will sunset on December 31, 2005.

^ Section 224 sunsetted several provisions of the Act on December 31, 2005.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.In the months preceding the sunset date, supporters of the act pushed to make its sunsetting provisions permanent, while critics sought to revise various sections to enhance civil liberty protections.^ I favor extending the Patriot act while also protecting civil liberties.
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The revised bill does not contain important civil liberties safeguards sought by ALA and other advocates...The revised bill sunsets at seven years (The Senate bill sunset was 4 years and the House bill sunset was 10 years) -- A four year sunset will make it possible to correct an abuse of Section 215 at an earlier date."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But few critics are more stubborn than the librarians, who see it as an assault on such basic civil liberties as reading privacy and intellectual freedom."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In July 2005, the U.S. Senate passed a reauthorization bill with substantial changes to several sections of the act, while the House reauthorization bill kept most of the act's original language.^ Today the Senate passed the bill.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Senate passed the bill last week.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Senate reauthorization bill is not a perfect bill, but it is a good bill.

.The two bills were then reconciled in a conference committee that was criticized by Senators from both the Republican and Democratic parties for ignoring civil liberty concerns.^ The two bills will now need to be reconciled by a Conference Committee."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Arlen Specter, who voted to renew the PATRIOT Act last week but vowed to continue fighting for reforms, co-sponsored a bill this week (S. 2369) with other Republican and Democratic Senators that contains the civil liberties protections that Congress failed to pass.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The debate offered a preview of a Senate hearing this week at which Ashcroft will address criticisms of both liberal Democrats and conservative Republicans concerned the new tactics will erode civil liberties.
  • U.S. PATRIOT ACT  HR 3162 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

[1] The bill, which removed most of the changes from the Senate version, passed Congress on March 2, 2006, and was signed into law by President George W. Bush on March 9 and 10, 2006.

Contents

Background

.The PATRIOT Act[2] has made a number of changes to U.S. law.^ CFTC INCLUDED- For purposes of this Act and any amendment made by this Act to any other provision of law, the term `Federal functional regulator' includes the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Under the Patriot Act, the definition of domestic terrorism is limited to conduct that (1) violates federal or state criminal law and (2) is dangerous to human life.

^ I understand you're upset about this, and the fact that it's a kid, but the Patriot Act I and II are absolutely terrible - an argument could be made that they are the WORST laws ever to be passed, second only to slavery and treating women as property.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Key acts changed were the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (FISA), the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA), the Money Laundering Control Act of 1986 and Bank Secrecy Act (BSA), as well as the Immigration and Nationality Act.^ Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Roving surveillance authority under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.go-patriots.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Act itself came about after the September 11 terrorist attacks on New York City and the Pentagon.^ Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass transportation systems.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.go-patriots.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, if an alien spouse, child, or unmarried adult son or daughter of a permanent resident who died as a direct result of the terrorist attacks was present in the United States on September 11 but had not yet been petitioned for permanent residence, the alien can self-petition for permanent residence.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Nation on and after the terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, such records may also have a high degree of usefulness in the conduct of intelligence or counterintelligence activities, including analysis, to protect against international terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.After these attacks, Congress immediately started work on several proposed antiterrorist bills, before the Justice Department finally drafted a bill called the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001.^ Justice Department regarding the USA PATRIOT Act and the war on terrorism.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This section contains the short title of Title III, "International Money Laundering Abatement and Financial Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001," which merges the short title of Title III of the Senate bill with the short title of H.R. 3004, which passed the House of Representatives on October 17, 2001 ("H.R. 3004").
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Update: GOP Bill Would Add Anti-Terror Powers , August 21, 2003.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This was introduced to the House as the Provide Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (PATRIOT) Act of 2001, and was later passed by the House as the Uniting and Strengthening America (USA) Act (H.R. 2975) on October 12.[3] It was then introduced into the Senate as the USA Act of 2002 (S. 1510) [4] where a number of amendments were proposed by Senator Russ Feingold,[5][6][7][8] all of which were passed.^ Justice Department regarding the USA PATRIOT Act and the war on terrorism.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Russ Feingold : "October 26 marks the second anniversary of the enactment of the USA-PATRIOT Act.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Senate version was what the courts had required prior to the Patriot Act.

.The final bill, the USA PATRIOT Act was introduced into the House on October 23 and incorporated H.R. 2975, S. 1510 and many of the provisions of H.R. 3004 (the Financial Anti-Terrorism Act).^ Justice Department regarding the USA PATRIOT Act and the war on terrorism.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many good provisions in that bill.

[9] .It was vehemently opposed by only one Senator, Russ Feingold, who was the only Senator to vote against the bill.^ By Senator Russ Feingold Wednesday 15 February 2006 Statement of US Senator Russ Feingold as prepared for delivery from the Senate floor, February 15, 2006.

^ If that is true, there is only one person who can help him.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a crucial vote Friday morning as Congress raced toward adjournment, the bill's Senate supporters were not able to garner the 60 votes necessary to overcome a threatened filibuster by Sens.
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Senator Patrick Leahy also expressed some concerns.^ Expressing the sense of the senate concerning the provision .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Arlen Specter, Patrick Leahy, and Chuck Schumer that would prevent the circumvention of the Senate's constitutional prerogative to confirm U.S. Attorneys .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Expressing the sense of the senate concerning the provision of funding for bioterrorism preparedness and response.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[10] However, many parts were seen as necessary by both detractors and supporters.[11][12][13] The final Act included a number of sunsets which were to expire on December 31, 2005.
.Due to its controversial nature, a number of bills were proposed with which to amend the USA PATRIOT Act.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ USA Patriot Act isn't the issue.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.These included the Protecting the Rights of Individuals Act,[14] the Benjamin Franklin True Patriot Act,[15] and the Security and Freedom Ensured Act (SAFE),[16] none of which passed.^ The patriot act WILL pass.
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The Patriot Act was passed in haste after 9/11.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I --and many others-- support gun ownership and oppose the USA PATRIOT ACT. I believe that this position is consistent with a small-government, individual-rights-centered mindset.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.In late January 2003, the founder of the Center for Public Integrity, Charles Lewis, published a leaked draft copy of an Administration proposal titled the Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003.^ Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

^ For reference, see also what is referred to as the Patriot Act II, otherwise titled, Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003 .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Part I (4.9 MB) Part II (1.9 MB) Part III (1.8 MB) Part IV (1.8 MB) Part V (1.9 MB) ) The complete 120 page draft of the Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003 (12 MB) The Office of Legislative Affairs which shows that a copy of the bill was sent to Speaker Hastert and Vice President Cheney (157 KB) Read the Justice Department's response to this report .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17] .This highly controversial document was quickly dubbed "PATRIOT II" or "Son of PATRIOT" by the media and organizations such as the Electronic Frontier Foundation.^ Permanent Link July 03, 2003 EFF Resource On USA Patriot Act This Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) webpage presents a synopisis of the privacy and civil liberties issues associated with the organization's opposition to the Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Permanent Link April 02, 2003 EFF Analysis of Patriot II The Electronic Frontier Foundation just published an in-depth analysis of the January 9, 2003 draft known as Patriot Act II , titled Provisions of the Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003 that Impact the Internet and Surveillance .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ PATRIOT Act's -- permitting secret warrants for books, records and other items from businesses, hospitals and organizations such as libraries.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] .The draft, which was circulated to 10 divisions of the Department of Justice,[19] proposed to make further extensive modifications to extend the USA PATRIOT Act.^ Patriot Act II (draft) .
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Justice Department regarding the USA PATRIOT Act and the war on terrorism.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .It was widely condemned, although the Department of Justice claimed that it was only a draft and contained no further proposals.^ At no time -- in any version -- did I ever direct people to write to, or contact the FBI, the Justice Department, Department of Homeland Security, the prison, or the media.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003, also known as The Patriot Act II, is draft legislation written by John Ashcroft's Department of Justice.

^ This proposal would not give the Justice Department a unilateral, unreviewable authority to compel production of documents relevant to a terrorism investigation.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[21]

Titles

Titles I and X: Miscellaneous provisions

.Title I authorizes measures to enhance the ability of domestic security services to prevent terrorism.^ This provision authorizes grants to State and local authorities to respond to and prevent acts of terrorism.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Congress has not provided separate statutory standards governing investigations of wholly domestic threats to the national security, particularly domestic terrorism.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Fear of what Islamic radicals might do prevents us from taking certain security measures, like airport screening of Islamic men.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.The title established a fund for counter-terrorist activities and increased funding for the FBI's Technical Support Center.^ Increased funding for the technical support center at the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are authorized to be appropriated for the Technical Support Center established in section 811 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-132) to help meet the demands for activities to combat terrorism and support and enhance the technical support and tactical operations of the FBI, $200,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2002, 2003, and 2004.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ INCREASED FUNDING FOR THE TECHNICAL SUPPORT CENTER AT THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION. There are authorized to be appropriated for the Technical Support Center established in section 811 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-132) to help meet the demands for activities to combat terrorism and support and enhance the technical support and tactical operations of the FBI, $200,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 2002, 2003, and 2004.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The military was authorized to provide assistance in some situations that involve weapons of mass destruction when so requested by the Attorney General.^ Section 403: Weapons of Mass Destruction.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to authorize the Attorney General to request military assistance in support of Department of Justice activities relating to the enforcement of 18 U.S.C. 2332a during an emergency situation involving a weapon of mass destruction.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision authorizes an appropriated Department of Justice program to provide grants to States to prepare for and respond to terrorist acts including but not limited to events of terrorism involving weapons of mass destruction and biological, nuclear, radiological, incendiary, chemical, and explosive devices.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The National Electronic Crime Task Force was expanded, along with the President's authority and abilities in cases of terrorism.^ Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic communications relating to terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision would expand the types of terrorism crimes for which judges may issue search warrants that are valid nationwide.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The primary need for federal autopsy authority arises in the case of offenses, including acts of terrorism, outside the United States.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.The title also condemned the discrimination against Arab and Muslim Americans that happened soon after the September 11 terrorist attacks.^ Sense of Congress condemning discrimination against Arab and Muslim Americans.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision condemns discrimination and acts of violence against Sikh-Americans.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ One section even condemned discrimination against Arab and Muslim Americans.

.The impetus for many of the provisions came from earlier bills, for instance the condemnation of discrimination was originally proposed by Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) in an amendment to the Combatting Terrorism Act of 2001, though in a different form.^ This provision condemns discrimination and acts of violence against Sikh-Americans.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ There are many good provisions in that bill.

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to authorize $200,000,000 per year for fiscal years 2002, 2003 and 2004 for the Technical Support Center established in section 811 of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 to help meet the demands of activities to combat terrorism and enhance the technical support and tactical operations of the FBI. Not in original Administration proposal.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

.It originally included "the prayer of Cardinal Theodore McCarrick, the Archbishop of Washington in a Mass on September 12, 2001 for our Nation and the victims in the immediate aftermath of the terrorist hijackings and attacks in New York City, Washington, D.C., and Pennsylvania reminds all Americans that 'We must seek the guilty and not strike out against the innocent or we become like them who are without moral guidance or proper direction.'^ Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It would immediately terminate most decrees that were enacted before September 11, 2001 (including New York City's).
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Even the spooks are coming out against BushCo: arly a dozen current and former officials, who were granted anonymity because of the classified nature of the program, discussed it with reporters for The New York Times because of their concerns about the operation's legality and oversight.
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[22] .Further condemnation of racial vilification and violence is also spelled out in Title X, where there was condemnation of such activities against Sikh Americans, who were mistaken for Muslims after the September 11th terrorist attack.^ Sense of Congress condemning discrimination against Arab and Muslim Americans.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision condemns discrimination and acts of violence against Sikh-Americans.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[23]
.Title X created or altered a number of miscellaneous laws that didn't really fit into the any other section of the USA PATRIOT Act.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 213 of the Patriot Act didn't get this part of the balance right.

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.Hazmat licenses were limited to drivers who pass background checks and who can demonstrate they can handle the materials.^ Limitation on issuance of hazmat licenses.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Limitation on issuance of hazmat licenses.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Limitation on issuance of hazmat licenses .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

[24] .The Inspector General of the Department of Justice was directed to appoint an official to monitor, review and report back to Congress all allegations of civil rights abuses against the DoJ.[25] It amended the definition of "electronic surveillance" to exclude the interception of communications done through or from a protected computer where the owner allows the interception, or is lawfully involved in an investigation.^ Interception of computer trespasser communications.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Inspector General of the Department of Justice shall designate one official who shall-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Review of the department of justice.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[26] .Money laundering cases may now be brought in the district the money laundering was committed or where a money laundering transfer started from.^ Venue in money laundering cases.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Venue in money laundering cases .
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ VENUE IN MONEY LAUNDERING CASES. Section 1956 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``(i) Venue.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a prosecution for an offense under this section or section 1957 may be brought in-- ``(A) any district in which the financial or monetary transaction is conducted; or ``(B) any district where a prosecution for the underlying specified unlawful activity could be brought, if the defendant participated in the transfer of the proceeds of the specified unlawful activity from that district to the district where the financial or monetary transaction is conducted.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[27] .Aliens who committed money laundering were also prohibited from entering the U.S.[28] Grants were provided to first responders to assist them with responding to and preventing terrorism.^ Inadmissibility of aliens engaged in money laundering.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ USE OF GRANT AMOUNTS- Grants under this section may be used to purchase needed equipment and to provide training and technical assistance to State and local first responders.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (H) Coordinate with financial intelligence units in other countries on anti-terrorism and anti-money laundering initiatives, and similar efforts.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[29] .US$5,000,000 was authorized to be provided to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to train police in South and East Asia.^ Authorization of funds for dea police training in south and central asia.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Authorization of funds for DEA police training in South and Central Asia .
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Authorization of funds for dea police training in south and .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[30] .The Attorney General was directed to commission a study on the feasibility of using biometric identifiers to identify people as they attempt to enter the United States, and which would be connected to the FBI's database to flag suspected criminals.^ Feasibility study on use of biometric identifier scanning .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision directs the Attorney General to report to Congress on the feasibility of using a biometric identifier (fingerprint) scanning system, with access to the FBI fingerprint database, at consular offices abroad and at points of entry into the United States.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ USES. -- (1) GENERALLY. -- The Attorney General may use DNA records, fingerprints, and other identification information contained in the databases described in subsection (a) for the purposes of detecting, investigating, prosecuting, preventing, or responding to terrorist activities, or other criminal or unlawful activities by suspected terrorists, and may share the information with other Federal, State, local, or foreign agencies only for these purposes.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[31] .Another study was also commissioned to determine the feasibility of providing airlines names of suspected terrorists before they boarded flights.^ IN GENERAL- Not later than 120 days after enactment of this Act, the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall study and report to Congress on the feasibility of providing to airlines access via computer to the names of passengers who are suspected of terrorist activity by Federal officials.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The term "suspected terrorist" means any person as to whom the Attorney General or the Secretary of Defense, as appropriate, has determined that there is reason to.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S.C. 2339A's prohibition on providing material support to terrorists is unnecessarily narrow; it currently does not reach all situations where material support o resources are provided to facilitate the commission of "international terrorism."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[32] .The Department of Defense was given temporary authority to use their funding for private contracts for security purposes.^ Temporary authority to contract with local and State .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision provides temporary authority for the Department of Defense to enter contracts for the performance of security functions at any military installation of facility in the United States with a proximately located local or State government.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Department of Defense of other means to improve the performance of security functions on military installations and facilities located within the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[33] .The last title also created a new Act called the Crimes Against Charitable Americans Act[34] which amended the Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud and Abuse Prevention Act to require telemarketers who call on behalf of charities to disclose the purpose and other information, including the name and mailing address of the charity the telemarketer is representing.^ Crimes against charitable americans.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ CRIMES AGAINST CHARITABLE AMERICANS. (a) Short < > Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Crimes Against Charitable Americans Act of 2001 .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Crimes against charitable Americans .
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

[35] .It also increased the penalties from one year imprisonment to five years imprisonment for those committing fraud by impersonating a Red Cross member.^ The offense is punishable by up to a year of imprisonment, or up to five years of imprisonment if the disclosure was made with the intent to obstruct a judicial proceeding.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ PENALTY- `(1) TERM OF IMPRISONMENT- A person convicted of a currency smuggling offense under subsection (a), or a conspiracy to commit such offense, shall be imprisoned for not more than 5 years.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As with current 18 U.S.C. 1510(b), the offense would be a misdemeanor punishable by up to a year of imprisonment, but would be punishable by up to five years of imprisonment if the unlawful disclosure was committed with the intent to obstruct the terrorism or espionage investigation.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[36]

Title II: Surveillance procedures

.Title II is titled "Enhanced Surveillance Procedures", and covers all aspects of the surveillance of suspected terrorists, those suspected of engaging in computer fraud or abuse, and agents of a foreign power who are engaged in clandestine activities.^ INFORMATION ACQUIRED FROM A PHYSICAL SEARCH- Section 305 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1825) is amended by adding at the end the following: `(k)(1) Federal officers who conduct physical searches to acquire foreign intelligence information under this title may consult with Federal law enforcement officers to coordinate efforts to investigate or protect against-- `(A) actual or potential attack or other grave hostile acts of a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power; `(B) sabotage or international terrorism by a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power; or `(C) clandestine intelligence activities by an intelligence service or network of a foreign power or by an agent of a foreign power.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Any person who engages in clandestine intelligence gathering activities for a foreign power would qualify as an "agent of a foreign power," regardless of whether those activities are federal crimes.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ FISA currently defines "agent of a foreign power" to include a person who knowingly engages in clandestine intelligence gathering activities on behalf of a foreign power--but only if those activities "involve or may involve a violation of" federal criminal law.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.It primarily made amendments to FISA, and the ECPA, and many of the most controversial aspects of the USA PATRIOT Act reside in this title.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I --and many others-- support gun ownership and oppose the USA PATRIOT ACT. I believe that this position is consistent with a small-government, individual-rights-centered mindset.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.In particular, the title allows government agencies to gather "foreign intelligence information" from both U.S. and non-U.S. citizens, and changed FISA to make gaining foreign intelligence information the significant purpose of FISA-based surveillance, where previously it had been the primary purpose.^ Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Foreign intelligence information.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After 9/11, they and other top officials in the administration dealt with FISA the way they dealt with other laws they didn’t like: they blew through them in secret based on flimsy legal opinions that they guarded closely so no one could question the legal basis for the operations,” Goldsmith wrote, referring to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, which governs spying by U.S. agencies within the United States.” .
  • Think Progress » Judge strikes down part of Patriot Act. 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] .The change in definition was meant to remove a legal "wall" between criminal investigations and surveillance for the purposes of gathering foreign intelligence, which hampered investigations when criminal and foreign surveillance overlapped.^ B. Disclosure of foreign intelligence acquired in criminal investigations; notice of criminal investigations of foreign intelligence sources.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to clarify the role of the Director of Central Intelligence ("DCI") with respect to the overall management of collection goals, analysis and dissemination of foreign intelligence gathered pursuant to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, in order to ensure that FISA is properly and efficiently used for foreign intelligence purposes.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ What the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act court has required in the past is that you be surveilling a foreign government office.

[38] .However, that this wall even existed was found by the Federal Surveillance Court of Review to have actually been a long-held misinterpretation by government agencies.^ To have his case reviewed in federal court.

^ What the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act court has required in the past is that you be surveilling a foreign government office.

^ The investigators, however, were only seeking information and documents relating to the National Security Agency's surveillance program that were already in the Justice Department's possession, two senior government officials said in interviews."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also removed was the statutory requirement that the government prove a surveillance target under FISA is a non-U.S. citizen and agent of a foreign power, though it did require that any investigations must not be undertaken on citizens who are carrying out activities protected by the First Amendment.^ Duration of FISA surveillance of non-United States persons who are agents of foreign power.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Duration of FISA surveillance of non-United States persons who are agents of a foreign power.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Judicious Use of Surveillance Tools In Counterterrorism Efforts (JUSTICE) Act would reform the USA PATRIOT Act, the FISA Amendments Act and other surveillance authorities to protect Americans constitutional rights, while preserving the powers of our government to fight terrorism.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] .The title also expanded the duration of FISA physical search and surveillance orders,[40] and gave authorities the ability to share information gathered before a federal grand jury with other agencies.^ Authority to share criminal investigative information.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Attorney General to ensure that information derived from electronic surveillance or physical searches under that Act is disseminated so it may be used efficiently and effectively for foreign intelligence purposes, except that the Director shall have no authority to direct, manage, or undertake electronic surveillance or physical search operations pursuant to that Act unless otherwise authorized by statute or executive order;'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 203 and other provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act broadened authority to share information among federal agencies that may be relevant to the detection and prevention of terrorism, and to obtain otherwise confidential information for use in terrorism investigations.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[41]
.The scope and availability of wiretapping and surveillance orders were expanded under Title II. Wiretaps were expanded to include addressing and routing information to allow surveillance of packet switched networks[42] — the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) objected to this, arguing that it does not take into account email or web addresses, which often contain content in the address information.^ (A) Where the law enforcement agency implementing an ex parte order under this subsection seeks to do so by installing and using its own pen register or trap and trace device on a packet-switched data network of a provider of electronic communication service to the public, the agency shall ensure that a record will be maintained which will identify-- ``(i) any officer or officers who installed the device and any officer or officers who accessed the device to obtain information from the network; ``(ii) the date and time the device was installed, the date and time the device was uninstalled, and the date, time, and duration of each time the device is accessed to obtain information; ``(iii) the configuration of the device at the time of its installation and any subsequent modification thereof; and ``(iv) any information which has been collected by the device.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pen register.--Section 3127(3) of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (A) by striking ``electronic or other impulses and all that follows through ``is attached and inserting ``dialing, routing, addressing, or signaling information transmitted by an instrument or facility from which a wire or electronic communication is transmitted, provided, however, that such information shall not include the contents of any communication ; and (B) by inserting ``or process after ``device each place it appears.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Trap and trace device.--Section 3127(4) of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (A) by striking ``of an instrument and all that follows through the semicolon and inserting ``or other dialing, routing, addressing, and signaling information reasonably likely to identify the source of a wire or electronic communication, provided, however, that such information shall not include the contents of any communication; ; and (B) by inserting ``or process after ``a device .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[43] .The Act allowed any district court judge in the United States to issue such surveillance orders[42] and search warrants for terrorism investigations.^ Single-jurisdiction search warrants for terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ United States District Court against the United States to recover money damages.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ State warrant or a court order issued under section 2518".
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[44] .Search warrants were also expanded, with the Act amending Title III of the Stored Communications Access Act to allow the FBI to gain access to stored voicemail through a search warrant, rather than through the more stringent wiretap laws.^ Multi-function Devices (a) Section 2518(4) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting at the end the following: "Where a communication device to be monitored under an order authorizing the interception of a wire, oral, or electronic communication is capable of performing multiple functions, communications transmitted or received through any function performed by the device may be intercepted and accessed unless the order specifies otherwise and, upon a showing as for a search warrant, the order may authorize the retrieval of other information (whether or not constituting or derived from a communication whose interception the order authorizes) from the device.".
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Counterfeit Acts Committed Outside the United States.--Section 470 of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision indicates that Title III, Subtitle B may be referred to as the "Terrorist Identification Database Act of 2003."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[45]
.Various provisions allowed for the disclosure of electronic communications to law enforcement agencies.^ Assistance to law enforcement agencies.
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ H.R. 2975 included this provision to create civil liability for violations, including unauthorized disclosures, by law enforcement authorities of the electronic surveillance procedures set forth in title 18, United States Code (e.g., unauthorized disclosure of pen trap, wiretap, stored communications), or FISA information.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included provisions to amend the Cable Communications Policy Act to clarify that when a cable company acts as a telephone company or an Internet service provider, it must comply with the same laws governing the interception and disclosure of wire and electronic communications that apply to any other telephone company or Internet service provider.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Those who operate or own a "protected computer" can give permission for authorities to intercept communications carried out on the machine, thus bypassing the requirements of the Wiretap statute.^ Interception of computer trespasser communications.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (I) the owner or operator of the protected computer authorizes the interception of the computer trespasser's communications on the protected computer; ``(II) the person acting under color of law is lawfully engaged in an investigation; ``(III) the person acting under color of law has reasonable grounds to believe that the contents of the computer trespasser's communications will be relevant to the investigation; and ``(IV) such interception does not acquire communications other than those transmitted to or from the computer trespasser.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Justice such sums as may be necessary for purposes of carrying out the program required by subsection (a).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[46] .The definition of a "protected computer" is defined in 18 U.S.C. § 1030(e)(2) and broadly encompasses those computers used in interstate or foreign commerce or communication, including ones located outside the United States.^ [[Page 115 STAT. 384]] (d) Definitions.--Section 1030(e) of title 18, United States Code is amended-- (1) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting ``, including a computer located outside the United States that is used in a manner that affects interstate or foreign commerce or communication of the United States'' before the semicolon; (2) in paragraph (7), by striking ``and'' at the end; (3) by striking paragraph (8) and inserting the following: ``(8) the term `damage' means any impairment to the integrity or availability of data, a program, a system, or information;''; (4) in paragraph (9), by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and (5) by adding at the end the following: ``(10) the term `conviction' shall include a conviction under the law of any State for a crime punishable by imprisonment for more than 1 year, an element of which is unauthorized access, or exceeding authorized access, to a computer; ``(11) the term `loss' means any reasonable cost to any victim, including the cost of responding to an offense, conducting a damage assessment, and restoring the data, program, system, or information to its condition prior to the offense, and any revenue lost, cost incurred, or other consequential damages incurred because of interruption of service; and ``(12) the term `person' means any individual, firm, corporation, educational institution, financial institution, governmental entity, or legal or other entity.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to clarify the criminal statute prohibiting computer hacking, 18 U.S.C. 1030, to cover computers located outside the United States when used in a manner that affects the interstate commerce or communications of this country, update the definition of "loss" to ensure full costs to victims of hacking offenses are counted, clarify the scope of civil liability and eliminate the current mandatory minimum sentence applicable in some cases.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included provisions amending the criminal procedures for interception of communications under chapter 119 of title 18, United States Code, and the grand jury procedures under Rule 6(e) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedures to authorize disclosure of foreign intelligence information obtained by such interception or by a grand jury to any Federal law enforcement, intelligence, national security, national defense, protective or immigration personnel to assist the official receiving that information in the performance of his official duties.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The law governing obligatory and voluntary disclosure of customer communications by cable companies was altered to allow agencies to demand such communications under U.S.C. Title 18 provisions relating to the disclosure of electronic communications (chapter 119), pen registers and trap and trace devices (chapter 206) and stored communications (121), though it excluded the disclosure of cable subscriber viewing habits.^ Nor is it clear that federal law enforcement can obtain orders under the pen register/trap and trace statute at foreign governments' requests.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ (D) to a government entity as authorized under chapters 119, 121, or 206 of title 18, United States Code, except that such disclosure shall not include records revealing cable subscriber selection of video programming from a cable operator.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pen register and trap and trace authority under FISA. Sec.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[47] .Subpoenas issued to Internet Service Providers were expanded to include not only "the name, address, local and long distance telephone toll billing records, telephone number or other subscriber number or identity, and length of service of a subscriber" but also session times and durations, types of services used, communication device address information (e.g.^ (A) name; ``(B) address; ``(C) local and long distance telephone connection records, or records of session times and durations; ``(D) length of service (including start date) and types of service utilized; ``(E) telephone or instrument number or other subscriber number or identity, including any temporarily assigned network address; and ``(F) means and source of payment for such service (including any credit card or bank account number), of a subscriber ; and .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A provider of a wire or electronic communication service, .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included provisions to amend the Cable Communications Policy Act to clarify that when a cable company acts as a telephone company or an Internet service provider, it must comply with the same laws governing the interception and disclosure of wire and electronic communications that apply to any other telephone company or Internet service provider.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

.IP addresses), payment method and bank account and credit card numbers.^ (A) name; ``(B) address; ``(C) local and long distance telephone connection records, or records of session times and durations; ``(D) length of service (including start date) and types of service utilized; ``(E) telephone or instrument number or other subscriber number or identity, including any temporarily assigned network address; and ``(F) means and source of payment for such service (including any credit card or bank account number), of a subscriber ; and .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Investigators may not use a subpoena to obtain such records as credit card number or other form of payment and must use a court order.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to broaden the types of records that law enforcement may obtain, pursuant to a subpoena, from electronic communications service providers by requiring providers to disclose the means and source of payment, including any bank account or credit card numbers.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

[48] Communication providers are also allowed to disclose customer records or communications if they suspect there is a danger to "life and limb".[49]
.Title II established three very controversial provisions: "sneak and peek" warrants, roving wiretaps and the ability of the FBI to gain access to documents that reveal the patterns of U.S. citizens.^ Freitas held that a sneak and peek warrant must provide that notice of the search will be given within seven days, unless extended by the court.

^ This provision directs the FBI to report to Congress on the feasibility of providing airlines with computer access to the names of suspected terrorists.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ I also want to acknowledge that the conference report creates new reporting requirements for some Patriot Act powers, including new reporting on roving wiretaps, Section 215, "sneak and peek" search warrants, and National Security Letters.

.The so-called "sneak and peek" law allowed for delayed notification of the execution of search warrants.^ Authority for delaying notice of the execution of a warrant.
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ That's what these things called 'search warrants' are for.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Notice of criminal search warrants could be delayed, but not omitted entirely.

.The period before which the FBI must notify the recipients of the order was unspecified in the Act — the FBI field manual says that it is a "flexible standard"[50] — and it may be extended at the court's discretion.^ Today, U.S. District Judge Victor Marrero struck down part of the revised Patriot Act, ruling that investigators must obtain a court’s approval before the order Internet providers to turn over records without telling customers.
  • Think Progress » Judge strikes down part of Patriot Act. 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the Government makes such an ex parte submission, the plaintiff shall be given an opportunity to make a submission to the court, not ex parte, and the court may, in its discretion, request further information from either party.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Preliminary injunctive relief shall automatically expire on the date that is 90 days after its entry, unless the court makes the findings required under subsection (a)(1) for the entry of prospective relief and makes the order final before the expiration of the 90-day period.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[51] .These sneak and peek provisions were struck down by judge Ann Aiken on September 26, 2007 after a Portland attorney, Brandon Mayfield was wrongly jailed because of the searches.^ NSA, which was struck down in the 6th circuit of the CA courts because no one could prove that they had been wrongfully surveyed.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link September 26, 2007 Court Rules Unconstitutional Two Provisions of FISA EFF: "Today, Judge Ann Aiken of the Oregon Federal District Court ruled that two provisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), "50 U.S.C. 1804 and 1823, as amended by the Patriot Act, are unconstitutional because they violate the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Permanent Link September 29, 2004 Patriot Act Provision Struck Down by Federal Judge In a 120 page decision today, Doe and ACLU v.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The court found the searches to violate the provision that prohibits unreasonable searches in the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.^ Permanent Link September 26, 2007 Court Rules Unconstitutional Two Provisions of FISA EFF: "Today, Judge Ann Aiken of the Oregon Federal District Court ruled that two provisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), "50 U.S.C. 1804 and 1823, as amended by the Patriot Act, are unconstitutional because they violate the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And that includes ongoing, thoughtful consideration of provisions designed to protect the country and its people - in this case, the Constitution's Fourth Amendment protection of citizens against unreasonable search and seizure."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sneak-and-peak search, through which the government is not obligated to inform a suspect of their actions until after the fact violates both the spirit and the letter of the fourth ammendment.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

[52][53]
.Roving wiretaps are wiretap orders that do not need to specify all common carriers and third parties in a surveillance court order.^ The court order need not specify the person whose assistance to the surveillance is required (such as a particular communications common carrier), where the court finds that the actions of the target may have the effect of thwarting the identification of a specified person.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ These sections address limitations to the use of wiretaps, search warrants for homes and businesses, and surveillance orders.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On December 14, each party must provide the court with confirmation that the court's order has been carried out.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These are seen as important by the Department of Justice because they believe that terrorists can exploit wiretap orders by rapidly changing locations and communication devices such as cell phones,[54] while opponents see it as violating the particularity clause of the Fourth Amendment.^ The amendments in this section do not change these maximum periods of reimprisonment, but they amend 3583(e)(3) to make it clear that they are limitations on reimprisonment based on a particular revocation, rather than limits on aggregate reimprisonment for an offender who persistently violates release conditions and is subject to multiple revocations on that basis.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Because if we can't see what the Russians were doing, they knew what we could see, then we were less able to verify what they were really doing.

^ AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Justice such sums as may be necessary for purposes of carrying out the program required by subsection (a).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[55][56] .Another highly controversial provision is one that allows the FBI to make an order "requiring the production of any tangible things (including books, records, papers, documents, and other items) for an investigation to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities, provided that such investigation of a United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution."^ Civil action against the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nation on and after the terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, such records may also have a high degree of usefulness in the conduct of intelligence or counterintelligence activities, including analysis, to protect against international terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bank secrecy provisions and activities of United States intelligence agencies to fight international terrorism.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[57] .Though it was not targeted directly at libraries, the American Library Association (ALA), in particular, opposed this provision.^ The ALA Library: Terrorist Sanctuary - "The American Library Association has signed up for battle in the War on Terrorism; unfortunately, it has signed up to fight the Bush Administration and the USA PATRIOT Act."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps that explains why the American Library Association issued a statement calling this provision a "fig leaf" and expressing disappointment that so many Senators have agreed to this deal.

^ Permanent Link ALA Opposes Patriot Act The American Library Association (ALA) issued a resolution on the Patriot Act that states the organization "considers sections of the act a president danger to the constitution and privacy rights of library users.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a resolution passed on June 29, 2005 they stated that "Section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act allows the government to secretly request and obtain library records for large numbers of individuals without any reason to believe they are involved in illegal activity."^ Section 215 is at the center of this debate over the Patriot Act.

^ The Patriot Act allowed the government to obtain these records as long as they were "sought for" a terrorism investigation.

^ Levin talks about patriot act & library record ( none / 0 ) .
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[58] However, the ALA's stance did not go without criticism. One prominent critic of the ALA's stance was the Manhattan Institute's Heather Mac Donald, who argued in an article for the New York City Journal that "[t]he furor over section 215 is a case study in Patriot Act fear-mongering."[59]
The title also covers a number of other miscellaneous provisions, including the expansion of the number of FISC judges from seven to eleven (three of which must reside within 20 miles (32 km) of the District of Columbia),[60] trade sanctions against North Korea and Taliban-controlled Afghanistan [61] and the employment of translators by the FBI.[62]
.At the insistence of Republican Representative Richard Armey,[63] the Act had a number of sunset provisions built in, which were originally set to expire on December 31, 2005. The sunset provision of the Act also took into account any ongoing foreign intelligence investigations and allowed them to continue once the sections had expired.^ Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The Patriot Act expires on December 31st.
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 224 sunsetted several provisions of the Act on December 31, 2005.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[64] The provisions that were to expire are below.
Title II sections that were to originally expire on December 31, 2005
Section Section title
201 Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic communications relating to terrorism
202 Authority to intercept wire, oral, and electronic communications relating to computer fraud and abuse offenses
203(b) Authority to share electronic, wire and oral interception information
204 Clarification of intelligence exceptions from limitations on interception and disclosure of wire, oral, and electronic communications
206 Roving surveillance authority under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
207 Duration of FISA surveillance of non-United States persons who are agents of a foreign power
209 Seizure of voice-mail messages pursuant to warrants
212 Emergency disclosure of electronic communications to protect life and limb
214 Pen register and trap and trace authority under FISA
215 Access to records and other items under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
217 Interception of computer trespasser communications
218 Foreign intelligence information
220 Nationwide service of search warrants for electronic evidence
223 Civil liability for certain unauthorized disclosures
225 Immunity for compliance with FISA wiretap

Title III: Anti-money-laundering to prevent terrorism

.Title III of the Act, titled "International Money Laundering Abatement and Financial Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001," is intended to facilitate the prevention, detection and prosecution of international money laundering and the financing of terrorism.^ Anti-money laundering strategy.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Anti-money laundering programs.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Data regarding funding of terrorism.--Data concerning money laundering efforts related to the funding of acts of international terrorism, and efforts directed at the prevention, detection, and prosecution of such funding.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.It primarily amends portions of the Money Laundering Control Act of 1986 (MLCA) and the Bank Secrecy Act of 1970 (BSA).^ Laundering money through a foreign bank.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Amendment Relating to the Purposes of the Bank Secrecy Act Provisions.--Section 21(a) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1829b(a)) is amended to read as follows: .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Data regarding funding of terrorism.--Data concerning money laundering efforts related to the funding of acts of international terrorism, and efforts directed at the prevention, detection, and prosecution of such funding.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was divided into three subtitles, with the first dealing primarily with strengthening banking rules against money laundering, especially on the international stage.^ Laundering money through a foreign bank.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Data regarding funding of terrorism.--Data concerning money laundering efforts related to the funding of acts of international terrorism, and efforts directed at the prevention, detection, and prosecution of such funding.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SHORT TITLE. This title may be cited as the ``International Money Laundering Abatement and Financial Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The second attempts to improve communication between law enforcement agencies and financial institutions, as well as expanding record keeping and reporting requirements.^ Assistance to law enforcement agencies.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.sonoran-sunsets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Required disclosure of customer communications or records.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Required disclosure of customer communications or records.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

The third subtitle deals with currency smuggling and counterfeiting, including quadrupling the maximum penalty for counterfeiting foreign currency, such as the Hans Vierck case of 2001.
.The first subtitle tightened the record keeping requirements for financial institutions, making them record the aggregate amounts of transactions processed from areas of the world where money laundering is a concern to the U.S. government.^ A. Special measures for jurisdictions, financial institutions, or international transactions of primary money laundering concern .
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Consideration of anti-money laundering record.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Special measures for jurisdictions, financial institutions, or international transactions of primary money laundering concern.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.It also made institutions put into place reasonable steps to identify beneficial owners of bank accounts and those who are authorized to use or route funds through payable-through accounts.^ Concentration accounts.--The Secretary may prescribe regulations under this subsection that govern maintenance of concentration accounts by financial institutions, in order to ensure that such accounts are not used to prevent association of the identity of an individual customer with the movement of funds of which the customer is the direct or beneficial owner, which regulations shall, at a minimum-- ``(A) prohibit financial institutions from allowing clients to direct transactions that move their funds into, out of, or through the concentration accounts of the financial institution; ``(B) prohibit financial institutions and their employees from informing customers of the existence of, or the means of identifying, the concentration accounts of the institution; and ``(C) require each financial institution to establish written procedures governing the documentation of all transactions involving a concentration account, which procedures shall ensure that, any time a transaction involving a concentration account commingles funds belonging to 1 or more customers, the identity of, and specific amount belonging to, each customer is documented.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (B) Private banking account.--The term `private banking account' means an account (or any combination of accounts) that-- ``(i) requires a minimum aggregate deposits of funds or other assets of not less than $1,000,000; ``(ii) is established on behalf of 1 or more individuals who have a direct or beneficial ownership interest in the account; and ``(iii) is assigned to, or is administered or managed by, in whole or in part, an officer, employee, or agent of a financial institution acting as a liaison between the financial institution and the direct or beneficial owner of the account.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (B) PRIVATE BANKING ACCOUNT- The term `private banking account' means an account (or any combination of accounts) that-- `(i) requires a minimum aggregate deposits of funds or other assets of not less than $1,000,000; `(ii) is established on behalf of 1 or more individuals who have a direct or beneficial ownership interest in the account; and `(iii) is assigned to, or is administered or managed by, in whole or in part, an officer, employee, or agent of a financial institution acting as a liaison between the financial institution and the direct or beneficial owner of the account.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[65] .The U.S. Treasury was charged with formulating regulations intended to foster information sharing between financial institutions to prevent money-laundering.^ RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- Compliance with the provisions of this title requiring or allowing financial institutions and any association of financial institutions to disclose or share information regarding individuals, entities, and organizations engaged in or suspected of engaging in terrorist acts or money laundering activities shall not constitute a violation of the provisions of title V of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (Public Law 106-102).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rule of Construction.--Compliance with the provisions of this title requiring or allowing financial institutions and any association of financial institutions to disclose or share information regarding individuals, entities, and organizations engaged in or suspected of engaging in terrorist acts or money laundering activities shall not constitute a violation of the provisions of title V of the Gramm-Leach- Bliley Act (Public Law 106-102).
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (E) Furnish research, analytical, and informational services to financial institutions, appropriate Federal regulatory agencies with regard to financial institutions, and appropriate Federal, State, local, and foreign law enforcement authorities, in accordance with policies and guidelines established by the Secretary of the Treasury or the Under Secretary of the Treasury for Enforcement, in the interest of detection, prevention, and prosecution of terrorism, organized crime, money laundering, and other financial crimes.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[66] .Along with expanding record keeping requirements it put new regulations into place to make it easier for authorities to identify money laundering activities and to make it harder for money launderers to mask their identities.^ Consideration of anti-money laundering record.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Congress wanted to help the Feds identify terrorist money launderers.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 426: Terrorism-related specified activities for money laundering.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[67] .If money laundering was uncovered, the subtitle legislated for the forfeiture of assets of those suspected of doing the money laundering.^ PROCEDURE- The seizure and forfeiture shall be governed by the procedures governing civil forfeitures in money laundering cases pursuant to section 981(a)(1)(A) of title 18, United States Code.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This section makes a number of corrections relating to provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act, mostly affecting money laundering or asset forfeiture.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Procedure.--The seizure and forfeiture shall be governed by the procedures governing civil forfeitures in money laundering cases pursuant to section 981(a)(1)(A) of title 18, United States Code.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[68] .In an effort to encourage institutions to take steps that would reduce money laundering, the Treasury was given authority to block mergers of bank holding companies and banks with other banks and bank holding companies that had a bad history of preventing money laundering.^ Cooperative efforts to deter money laundering.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Laundering money through a foreign bank.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (E) Furnish research, analytical, and informational services to financial institutions, appropriate Federal regulatory agencies with regard to financial institutions, and appropriate Federal, State, local, and foreign law enforcement authorities, in accordance with policies and guidelines established by the Secretary of the Treasury or the Under Secretary of the Treasury for Enforcement, in the interest of detection, prevention, and prosecution of terrorism, organized crime, money laundering, and other financial crimes.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Similarly, mergers between insured depository institutions and non-insured depository institutions that have a bad track record in combating money-laundering could be blocked.^ Consideration of anti-money laundering record.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mergers Subject to Review Under Federal Deposit Insurance Act.-- (1) In general.--Section 18(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1828(c)) is amended-- (A) by redesignating paragraph (11) as paragraph (12); and (B) by inserting after paragraph (10), the following new paragraph: ``(11) Money laundering.--In every case, the responsible agency, shall take into consideration the effectiveness of any insured depository institution involved in the proposed merger transaction in combatting money laundering activities, including in overseas branches.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mergers Subject to Review Under Federal Deposit Insurance Act.-- (1) In general.--Section 18(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1828(c)) is amended-- (A) by redesignating paragraph (11) as paragraph (12); and (B) by inserting after paragraph (10), the following new paragraph: ``(11) Money laundering.--In every case, the responsible agency, shall take into consideration the effectiveness of any insured depository institution involved in the proposed merger transaction in combatting money laundering activities, including in overseas branches.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[69]
.Restrictions were placed on accounts and foreign banks.^ Prohibition on United States correspondent accounts with foreign shell banks.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ PROHIBITION ON UNITED STATES CORRESPONDENT ACCOUNTS WITH FOREIGN SHELL BANKS. .
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.It prohibited shell banks that are not an affiliate of a bank that has a physical presence in the U.S. or that are not subject to supervision by a banking authority in a non-U.S. country.^ Exception.--Paragraphs (1) and (2) do not prohibit a covered financial institution from providing a correspondent account to a foreign bank, if the foreign bank-- ``(A) is an affiliate of a depository institution, credit union, or foreign bank that maintains a physical presence in the United States or a foreign country, as applicable; and ``(B) is subject to supervision by a banking authority in the country regulating the affiliated depository institution, credit union, or foreign bank described in subparagraph (A), as applicable.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ EXCEPTION- Paragraphs (1) and (2) do not prohibit a covered financial institution from providing a correspondent account to a foreign bank, if the foreign bank-- `(A) is an affiliate of a depository institution, credit union, or foreign bank that maintains a physical presence in the United States or a foreign country, as applicable; and `(B) is subject to supervision by a banking authority in the country regulating the affiliated depository institution, credit union, or foreign bank described in subparagraph (A), as applicable.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ PROHIBITION ON UNITED STATES CORRESPONDENT ACCOUNTS WITH FOREIGN SHELL BANKS. (a) In General.--Section 5318 of title 31, United States Code, as amended by this title, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``(j) Prohibition on United States Correspondent Accounts With Foreign Shell Banks.-- ``(1) In general.--A financial institution described in subparagraphs (A) through (G) of section 5312(a)(2) (in this subsection referred to as a `covered financial institution') shall not establish, maintain, administer, or manage a correspondent account in the United States for, or on behalf of, a foreign bank that does not have a physical presence in any country.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.It also prohibits or restricts the use of certain accounts held at financial institutions.^ Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The special measures include: (1) requiring additional recordkeeping or reporting for particular transactions; (2) requiring the identification of the foreign beneficial owners of certain accounts at a U.S. financial institution; (3) requiring the identification of customers of a foreign bank who use an interbank payable-through account opened by that foreign bank at a U.S. bank; (4) requiring the identification of customers of a foreign bank who use an interbank correspondent account opened by that foreign bank at a U.S. bank; and (5) after consultation with the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, restricting or prohibiting the opening or maintaining of certain interbank correspondent or payable-through accounts.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Secretary may only require reports on the use of such information by any State financial institutions supervisory agency for other than supervisory purposes or by United States intelligence agencies.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[70] .Financial institutions must now undertake steps to identify the owners of any privately owned bank outside the U.S. who have a correspondent account with them, along with the interests of each of the owners in the bank.^ Special due diligence for correspondent accounts and private banking accounts.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ PREVENTION OF INDIRECT SERVICE TO FOREIGN SHELL BANKS- A covered financial institution shall take reasonable steps to ensure that any correspondent account established, maintained, administered, or managed by that covered financial institution in the United States for a foreign bank is not being used by that foreign bank to indirectly provide banking services to another foreign bank that does not have a physical presence in any country.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is expected that additional scrutiny will be applied by the U.S. institution to such banks to make sure they are not engaging in money laundering.^ Inadmissibility of aliens engaged in money laundering.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Inadmissibility of aliens engaged in money laundering .
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Laundering money through a foreign bank.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Bank must identify all the nominal and beneficial owners of any private bank account opened and maintained in the U.S. by non-U.S. citizens.^ FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED- In prescribing regulations under this subsection, the Secretary shall take into consideration the various types of accounts maintained by various types of financial institutions, the various methods of opening accounts, and the various types of identifying information available.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Special due diligence for correspondent accounts and private banking accounts.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (B) Acceptance of service.-- ``(i) Maintaining records in the united states.--Any covered financial institution which maintains a correspondent account in the United States for a foreign bank shall maintain records in the United States identifying the owners of such foreign bank and the name and address of a person who resides in the United States and is authorized to accept service of legal process for records regarding the correspondent account.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.There is also an expectation that they must undertake enhanced scrutiny of the account if it is owned by, or is being maintained on behalf of, any senior political figure where there is reasonable suspicion of corruption.^ Minimum standards for private banking accounts.--If a private banking account is requested or maintained by, or on behalf of, a non-United States person, then the due diligence policies, procedures, and controls required under paragraph (1) shall, at a minimum, ensure that the financial institution takes reasonable steps-- ``(A) to ascertain the identity of the nominal and beneficial owners of, and the source of funds deposited into, such account as needed to guard against money laundering and report any suspicious transactions under subsection (g); and ``(B) to conduct enhanced scrutiny of any such account that is requested or maintained by, or on behalf of, a senior foreign political figure, or any immediate family member or close associate of a senior foreign political figure that is reasonably designed to detect and report transactions that may involve the proceeds of foreign corruption.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Don't worry about people from your past, there's a reason why they didn't make it to your future."
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We do know that there's a reason that the authorities suspect he did it and they have a lot more information about it than we do.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[71] .Any deposits made from within the U.S. into foreign banks are now deemed to have been deposited into any interbank account the foreign bank may have in the U.S. Thus any restraining order, seizure warrant or arrest warrant may be made against the funds in the interbank account held at a U.S. financial institution, up to the amount deposited in the account at the foreign bank.^ Claims brought by owner of the funds.--If a forfeiture action is instituted against funds restrained, seized, or arrested under paragraph (1), the owner of the funds deposited into the account at the foreign bank may contest the forfeiture by filing a claim under section 983.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States with a covered financial institution (as defined in section 5318(j)(1) of title 31), the funds shall be deemed to have been deposited into the interbank account in the United States, and any restraining order, seizure warrant, or arrest warrant in rem regarding the funds may be served on the covered financial institution, and funds in the interbank account, up to the value of the funds deposited into the account at the foreign bank, may be restrained, seized, or arrested.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[72] .Restrictions were placed on the use of internal bank concentration accounts because such accounts do not provide an effective audit trail for transactions, and this may be used to facilitate money laundering.^ Laundering money through a foreign bank.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The SWIFT data consists of records of completed financial transactions; it does not provide access to individual bank account information.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USE OF GRANT AMOUNTS- Grants under this section may be used to purchase needed equipment and to provide training and technical assistance to State and local first responders.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Financial institutions are prohibited from allowing clients to specifically direct them to move funds into, out of, or through a concentration account, and they are also prohibited from informing their clients about the existence of such accounts.^ Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Concentration accounts.--The Secretary may prescribe regulations under this subsection that govern maintenance of concentration accounts by financial institutions, in order to ensure that such accounts are not used to prevent association of the identity of an individual customer with the movement of funds of which the customer is the direct or beneficial owner, which regulations shall, at a minimum-- ``(A) prohibit financial institutions from allowing clients to direct transactions that move their funds into, out of, or through the concentration accounts of the financial institution; ``(B) prohibit financial institutions and their employees from informing customers of the existence of, or the means of identifying, the concentration accounts of the institution; and ``(C) require each financial institution to establish written procedures governing the documentation of all transactions involving a concentration account, which procedures shall ensure that, any time a transaction involving a concentration account commingles funds belonging to 1 or more customers, the identity of, and specific amount belonging to, each customer is documented.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ CONCENTRATION ACCOUNTS AT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS. Section 5318(h) of title 31, United States Code, as amended by section 202 of this title, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``(3) Concentration accounts.--The Secretary may prescribe regulations under this subsection that govern maintenance of concentration accounts by financial institutions, in order to ensure that such accounts are not used to prevent association of the identity of an individual customer with the movement of funds of which the customer is the direct or beneficial owner, which regulations shall, at a minimum-- ``(A) prohibit financial institutions from allowing clients to direct transactions that move their funds into, out of, or through the concentration accounts of the financial institution; ``(B) prohibit financial institutions and their employees from informing customers of the existence of, or the means of identifying, the concentration accounts of the institution; and ``(C) require each financial institution to establish written procedures governing the documentation of all transactions involving a concentration account, which procedures shall ensure that, any time a transaction involving a concentration account commingles funds belonging to 1 or more customers, the identity of, and specific amount belonging to, each customer is documented.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Financial institutions are not allowed to provide any information to clients that may identify such internal accounts.^ Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Not < > later than 120 hours after receiving a request by an appropriate Federal banking agency for information related to anti-money laundering compliance by a covered financial institution or a customer of such institution, a covered financial institution shall provide to the appropriate Federal banking agency, or make available at a location specified by the representative of the appropriate Federal banking agency, information and account documentation for any account opened, maintained, administered or managed in the United States by the covered financial institution.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED- In prescribing regulations under this subsection, the Secretary shall take into consideration the various types of accounts maintained by various types of financial institutions, the various methods of opening accounts, and the various types of identifying information available.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[73] .Financial institutions are required to document and follow methods of identifying where the funds are for each customer in a concentration account that co-mingles funds belonging to one or more customers.^ Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ VERIFICATION OF IDENTIFICATION. (a) In General.--Section 5318 of title 31, United States Code, as amended by this title, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``(l) Identification and Verification of Accountholders.-- ``(1) In general.--Subject < > to the requirements of this subsection, the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe regulations setting forth the minimum standards for financial institutions and their customers regarding the identity of the customer that shall apply in connection with the opening of an account at a financial institution.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ CONCENTRATION ACCOUNTS AT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS. Section 5318(h) of title 31, United States Code, as amended by section 202 of this title, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``(3) Concentration accounts.--The Secretary may prescribe regulations under this subsection that govern maintenance of concentration accounts by financial institutions, in order to ensure that such accounts are not used to prevent association of the identity of an individual customer with the movement of funds of which the customer is the direct or beneficial owner, which regulations shall, at a minimum-- ``(A) prohibit financial institutions from allowing clients to direct transactions that move their funds into, out of, or through the concentration accounts of the financial institution; ``(B) prohibit financial institutions and their employees from informing customers of the existence of, or the means of identifying, the concentration accounts of the institution; and ``(C) require each financial institution to establish written procedures governing the documentation of all transactions involving a concentration account, which procedures shall ensure that, any time a transaction involving a concentration account commingles funds belonging to 1 or more customers, the identity of, and specific amount belonging to, each customer is documented.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The definition of money laundering was expanded to include making a financial transaction in the U.S. in order to commit a violent crime.^ (H) Coordinate with financial intelligence units in other countries on anti-terrorism and anti-money laundering initiatives, and similar efforts.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision expands the scope of predicate offenses for laundering the proceeds of terrorism to include "providing material support or resources to terrorist organizations," as that crime is defined in 18 U.S.C. 2339B of the criminal code.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps there has been violent crimes committed against students in that library after hours, thus the “no ID after 11:00, no stay in the library”.
  • Patterico's Pontifications » Student Protests Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

[74] the bribery of public officials and fraudulent dealing with public funds; the smuggling or illegal export of controlled munition[75] and the importation or bringing in of any firearm or ammunition not authorized by the .U.S. Attorney General[76] and the smuggling of any item controlled under the Export Administration Regulations.^ The law enforcement authorities provided for in this subsection may be exercised only pursuant to regulations prescribed by the Board and approved by the Attorney General.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Waiver of Regulations.--The Attorney General shall carry out subsection (a) as expeditiously as possible.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nondelegation.--The Attorney General may delegate the authority provided under paragraph (3) only to the Deputy Attorney General.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[77][78] .It also includes any offense where the U.S. would be obligated under a mutual treaty with a foreign nation to extradite a person, or where the U.S. would need to submit a case against a person for prosecution because of the treaty; the import of falsely classified goods;[79] computer crime;[80] and any felony violation of the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938.^ Section 315, included in both the Senate bill and H.R. 3004 in somewhat different language, amends 18 U.S.C. 1956 to include foreign corruption offenses, certain U.S. export control violations, certain customs and firearm offenses, certain computer fraud offenses, and felony violations of the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, to the list of crimes that constitute "specified unlawful activities" for purposes of the criminal money laundering provisions.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ (I) an item controlled on the United States Munitions List established under section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778); or ``(II) an item controlled under regulations under the Export Administration Regulations (15 C.F.R. Parts 730-774); or ``(vi) an offense with respect to which the United States would be obligated by a multilateral treaty, either to extradite the alleged offender or to submit the case for prosecution, if the offender were found within the territory of the United States; ; and (2) in subparagraph (D)-- (A) by inserting ``section 541 (relating to goods falsely classified), before ``section 542 ; (B) by inserting ``section 922(1) (relating to the unlawful importation of firearms), section 924(n) (relating to firearms trafficking), before ``section 956 ; (C) by inserting ``section 1030 (relating to computer fraud and abuse), before ``1032 ; and (D) by inserting ``any felony violation of the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, before ``or any felony violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (B) Any property, real or personal, within the jurisdiction of the United States, constituting, derived from, or traceable to, any proceeds obtained directly or indirectly from an offense against a foreign nation, or any property used to facilitate such an offense, if the offense-- ``(i) involves the manufacture, importation, sale, or distribution of a controlled substance (as that term is defined for purposes of the Controlled Substances Act), or any other conduct described in section 1956(c)(7)(B); ``(ii) would be punishable within the jurisdiction of the foreign nation by death or imprisonment for a term exceeding 1 year; and ``(iii) would be punishable under the laws of the United States by imprisonment for a term exceeding 1 year, if the act or activity constituting the offense had occurred within the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[78] .It also allows the forfeiture of any property within the jurisdiction of the United States that was gained as the result of an offense against a foreign nation that involves the manufacture, importation, sale, or distribution of a controlled substance.^ Civil action against the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil actions against the United States .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil action against the United States.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[81] .Foreign nations may now seek to have a forfeiture or judgment notification enforced by a district court of the United States.^ United States District Court against the United States to recover money damages.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 2467 of title 28, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in subsection (d), by adding the following after paragraph (2): `(3) PRESERVATION OF PROPERTY- `(A) IN GENERAL- To preserve the availability of property subject to a foreign forfeiture or confiscation judgment, the Government may apply for, and the court may issue, a restraining order pursuant to section 983(j) of title 18, at any time before or after an application is filed pursuant to subsection (c)(1) of this section.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Forfeiture of funds in United States interbank accounts.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[82] .This is done through new legislation that specifies how the U.S. government may apply for a restraining order[83] to preserve the availability of property which is subject to a foreign forfeiture or confiscation judgement.^ Preservation of property.-- ``(A) In general.--To preserve the availability of property subject to a foreign forfeiture or confiscation judgment, the Government may apply for, and the court may issue, a restraining order pursuant to section 983(j) of title 18, at any time before or after an application is filed pursuant to subsection (c)(1) of this section.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 323, included in both the Senate bill and H.R. 3004, permits the government to seek a restraining order to preserve the availability of property subject to a foreign forfeiture or confiscation judgment.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ (C) Limit on grounds for objection.--No person may object to a restraining order under subparagraph (A) on any ground that is the subject of parallel litigation involving the same property that is pending in a foreign court.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[84] .In taking into consideration such an application, emphasis is placed on the ability of a foreign court to follow due process.^ SHARING OF INTELLIGENCE AMONG FEDERAL AGENCIES. -- (1) Section 2709(d) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking "for foreign" and all that follows through "such agency".
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 3127(2)(A) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: "(A) any district court of the United States (including a magistrate judge of such a court) or any United States court of appeals that-- - 10 - .
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ We teach them to regard as traitors, and hold in aversion and contempt, such as do not shout with the crowd, and so here in our democracy we are cheering a thing which of all things is most foreign to it and out of place--the delivery of our political conscience into somebody else's keeping.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

[82] .The Act also requires the Secretary of Treasury to take all reasonable steps to encourage foreign governments make it a requirement to include the name of the originator in wire transfer instructions sent to the United States and other countries, with the information to remain with the transfer from its origination until the point of disbursement.^ Section 328, included in H.R. 3004, requires the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State, to take all reasonable steps to encourage foreign governments to require the inclusion of the name of the originator in wire transfer instructions sent to the United States, and to report annually to the House Committee on Financial Services and the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs concerning progress toward that goal.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS. (a) Action by the President.--If the President determines that a particular foreign country has taken or has committed to take actions that contribute to efforts of the United States to respond to, deter, or prevent acts of international terrorism, the Secretary may, consistent with other applicable provisions of law, instruct the United States Executive Director of each international financial institution to use the voice and vote of the Executive Director to support any loan or other utilization of the funds of respective institutions for such country, or any public or private entity within such country.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Consultations and Information To Be Considered in Finding Jurisdictions, Institutions, Types of Accounts, or Transactions To Be of Primary Money Laundering Concern.-- ``(1) In general.--In making a finding that reasonable grounds exist for concluding that a jurisdiction outside of the United States, 1 or more financial institutions operating outside of the United States, 1 or more classes of transactions within, or involving, a jurisdiction outside of the United States, or 1 or more types of accounts is of primary money laundering concern so as to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to take 1 or more of the special measures described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[85] .The Secretary was also ordered to encourage international cooperation in investigations of money laundering, financial crimes, and the finances of terrorist groups.^ Cooperative efforts to deter money laundering.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ International cooperation in investigations of money .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ International cooperation in investigations of money laundering, financial crimes, and the finances of terrorist groups.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[86]
The Act also introduced criminal penalties for corrupt officialdom. .An official or employee of the government who acts corruptly — as well as the person who induces the corrupt act — in the carrying out of their official duties will be fined by an amount that is not more than three times the monetary equivalent of the bribe in question.^ "We have more to fear from terrorists than this act."
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Any person who is an official or employee of any department, agency, bureau, office, commission, or other entity of the Federal Government, and any other person who is acting for or on behalf of any such entity, who, directly or indirectly, in connection with the administration of this title, corruptly demands, seeks, receives, accepts, or agrees to receive or accept anything of value personally or for any other person or entity in return for-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ CRIMINAL PENALTIES. Any person who is an official or employee of any department, agency, bureau, office, commission, or other entity of the Federal Government, and any other person who is acting for or on behalf of any such entity, who, directly or indirectly, in connection with the administration of this title, corruptly demands, seeks, receives, accepts, or agrees to receive or accept anything of value personally or for any other person or entity in return for-- (1) being influenced in the performance of any official act; [[Page 115 STAT. 320]] (2) being influenced to commit or aid in the committing, or to collude in, or allow, any fraud, or make opportunity for the commission of any fraud, on the United States; or (3) being induced to do or omit to do any act in violation of the official duty of such official or person, shall be fined in an amount not more than 3 times the monetary equivalent of the thing of value, or imprisoned for not more than 15 years, or both.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Alternatively they may be imprisoned for not more than 15 years, or they may be fined and imprisoned.^ U.S.C. 2284(a)), or section 46502 (relating to aircraft piracy) of title 49, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prohibition of unlicensed money transmitting businesses ``(a) Whoever knowingly conducts, controls, manages, supervises, directs, or owns all or part of an unlicensed money transmitting business, shall be fined in accordance with this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So you may have to consider, for what it's worth and no more than that, evidence that doesn't have all of the crime scene providence that you expect in an ordinary, civilian, peacetime case.

.Penalties apply to financial institutions who do not comply with an order to terminate any corresponding accounts within 10 days of being so ordered by the Attorney General or the Secretary of Treasury.^ Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Definitions applicable to institutions other than banks.--With respect to any financial institution other than a bank, the Secretary shall, after consultation with the appropriate Federal functional regulators (as defined in section 509 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act), define by regulation the term `account', and shall include within the meaning of that term, to the extent, if any, that the Secretary deems appropriate, arrangements similar to payable-through and correspondent accounts.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Consultations and Information To Be Considered in Finding Jurisdictions, Institutions, Types of Accounts, or Transactions To Be of Primary Money Laundering Concern.-- ``(1) In general.--In making a finding that reasonable grounds exist for concluding that a jurisdiction outside of the United States, 1 or more financial institutions operating outside of the United States, 1 or more classes of transactions within, or involving, a jurisdiction outside of the United States, or 1 or more types of accounts is of primary money laundering concern so as to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to take 1 or more of the special measures described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The financial institution can be fined $US10,000 for each day the account remains open after the 10 day limit has expired.^ Concentration accounts at financial institutions.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Limitation on liability.--A covered financial institution shall not be liable to any person in any court or arbitration proceeding for terminating a correspondent relationship in accordance with this subsection.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Failure to terminate relationship.-- Failure to terminate a correspondent relationship in accordance with this subsection shall render the covered financial institution liable for a civil penalty of up to $10,000 per day until the correspondent relationship is so terminated.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[72]
.The second annotation made a number of modifications to the BSA in an attempt to make it harder for money launderers to operate and easier for law enforcement and regulatory agencies to police money laundering operations.^ Assistance to law enforcement agencies.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (E) Furnish research, analytical, and informational services to financial institutions, appropriate Federal regulatory agencies with regard to financial institutions, and appropriate Federal, State, local, and foreign law enforcement authorities, in accordance with policies and guidelines established by the Secretary of the Treasury or the Under Secretary of the Treasury for Enforcement, in the interest of detection, prevention, and prosecution of terrorism, organized crime, money laundering, and other financial crimes.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Immigration and Nationality Act), any person who is a member or representative of any such organization, or any person engaged in money laundering or financial or other crimes; and (2) establish a mechanism whereby such records may be made available to United States law enforcement officials and domestic financial institution supervisors, when appropriate.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.One amendment made to the BSA was to allow the designated officer or agency who receives suspicious activity reports to notify U.S. intelligence agencies.^ Reporting of suspicious activities by securities brokers and .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Amendments relating to reporting of suspicious activities.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reporting of suspicious activities by underground banking .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[87] .A number of amendments were made to address issues related to record keeping and financial reporting.^ For the first time, the report includes information regarding the total number of requests made by the Department of Justice with National Security Letter authority for information concerning U.S. persons.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Application < > of Amendments.--The amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to reports filed or records maintained on, before, or after the date of enactment of this Act.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.One measure was a new requirement that anyone who does business file a report for any coin and foreign currency receipts that are over US$10,000 and made it illegal to structure transactions in a manner that evades the BSA's reporting requirements.^ Reports relating to coins and currency received in .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reports relating to coins and currency received in nonfinancial trade or business.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reports relating to coins and currency received in nonfinancial trade or business.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[88] .To make it easier for authorities to regulate and investigate anti-money laundering operations Money Services Businesses (MSBs) — those who operate informal value transfer systems outside of the mainstream financial system — were included in the definition of a financial institution.^ Anti-money laundering strategy.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Anti-money laundering programs.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Consideration of anti-money laundering record.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[89] .The BSA was amended to make it mandatory to report suspicious transactions and an attempt was made to make such reporting easier for financial institutions.^ Congress reformed the currency transaction report exemption requirements to provide-- (A) mandatory exemptions for certain reports that had little usefulness for law enforcement, such as cash transfers between depository institutions and cash deposits from government agencies; and (B) discretionary authority for the Secretary of the Treasury to provide exemptions, subject to criteria and guidelines established by the Secretary, for financial institutions with regard to regular business customers that maintain accounts at an institution into which frequent cash deposits are made.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Notification prohibited.-- ``(A) In general.--If a financial institution or any director, officer, employee, or agent of any financial institution, voluntarily or pursuant to this section or any other authority, reports a suspicious transaction to a government agency-- ``(i) the financial institution, director, officer, employee, or agent may not notify any person involved in the transaction that the transaction has been reported; and ``(ii) no officer or employee of the Federal Government or of any State, local, tribal, or territorial government within the United States, who has any knowledge that such report was made may disclose to any person involved in the transaction that the transaction has been reported, other than as necessary to fulfill the official duties of such officer or employee.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PROHIBITION ON NOTIFICATION OF DISCLOSURES- Section 5318(g)(2) of title 31, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: `(2) NOTIFICATION PROHIBITED- `(A) IN GENERAL- If a financial institution or any director, officer, employee, or agent of any financial institution, voluntarily or pursuant to this section or any other authority, reports a suspicious transaction to a government agency-- `(i) the financial institution, director, officer, employee, or agent may not notify any person involved in the transaction that the transaction has been reported; and `(ii) no officer or employee of the Federal Government or of any State, local, tribal, or territorial government within the United States, who has any knowledge that such report was made may disclose to any person involved in the transaction that the transaction has been reported, other than as necessary to fulfill the official duties of such officer or employee.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[90] .FinCEN was made a bureau of the United States Department of Treasury[91] and the creation of a secure network to be used by financial institutions to report suspicious transactions and to provide alerts of relevant suspicious activities was ordered.^ Reporting of suspicious activities by securities brokers and .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Amendments relating to reporting of suspicious activities.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reporting of suspicious activities by underground banking .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[92] .Along with these reporting requirements, a considerable number of provisions relate to the prevention and prosecution of money-laundering.^ Consideration of anti-money laundering record.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to require application to a court to obtain reports, records and information in the possession of the National Center for Educational Statistics that are relevant to an authorized investigation or prosecution of terrorism.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 5341(b) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: `(12) DATA REGARDING FUNDING OF TERRORISM- Data concerning money laundering efforts related to the funding of acts of international terrorism, and efforts directed at the prevention, detection, and prosecution of such funding.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[93] .Financial institutions were ordered to establish anti-money laundering programs and the BSA was amended to better define anti-money laundering strategy.^ Anti-money laundering strategy.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Anti-money laundering programs.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Consideration of anti-money laundering record.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[94] .Also increased were civil and criminal penalties for money laundering and the introduction of penalties for violations of geographic targeting orders and certain record-keeping requirements.^ Penalties for violations of geographic targeting orders and certain recordkeeping requirements, and lengthening effective period of geographic targeting orders.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Increase in civil and criminal penalties for money laundering.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Penalties for violations of geographic targeting orders and .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[95] .A number of other amendments to the BSA were made through subtitle B, including granting the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System power to authorize personnel to act as law enforcement officers to protect the premises, grounds, property and personnel of any U.S. National reserve bank and allowing the Board to delegate this authority to U.S. Federal reserve bank.^ The Board may, subject to the regulations prescribed under paragraph (5), delegate authority to a Federal reserve bank to authorize personnel to act as law enforcement officers to protect and safeguard the bank's premises, grounds, property, personnel, and operations conducted by or on behalf of the bank.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Uniform Protection Authority for Federal Reserve Facilities.-- ``(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, to authorize personnel to act as law enforcement officers to protect and safeguard the premises, grounds, property, personnel, including members of the Board, of the Board, or any Federal reserve bank, and operations conducted by or on behalf of the Board or a reserve bank.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Uniform protection authority for Federal Reserve facilities.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[96] .Another measure instructed United States Executive Directors of international financial institutions to use their voice and vote to support any country that has taken action to support the U.S.'s War on Terrorism.^ Use of authority of the United States Executive Directors.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil action against the United States.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Use of Voice and Vote.--The Secretary may instruct the United States Executive Director of each international financial institution to aggressively use the voice and vote of the Executive Director to require an auditing of disbursements at such institutions to ensure that no funds are paid to persons who commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Executive Directors are now required to provide ongoing auditing of disbursements made from their institutions to ensure that no funds are paid to persons who commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism.^ USE OF VOICE AND VOTE- The Secretary may instruct the United States Executive Director of each international financial institution to aggressively use the voice and vote of the Executive Director to require an auditing of disbursements at such institutions to ensure that no funds are paid to persons who commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Use of Voice and Vote.--The Secretary may instruct the United States Executive Director of each international financial institution to aggressively use the voice and vote of the Executive Director to require an auditing of disbursements at such institutions to ensure that no funds are paid to persons who commit, threaten to commit, or support terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 360, included in Senate bill, authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the United States Executive Director of each of the international financial institutions (for example, the IMF and the World Bank) to use such Director’s " voice and vote" to support loans and other use of resources to benefit nations that the President determines to be contributing to United States efforts to combat international terrorism, and to require the auditing of each international financial institution to ensure that funds are not paid to persons engaged in or supporting terrorism.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

[97]
.The third subtitle deals with currency crimes.^ Subtitle C--Currency Crimes and Protection SEC. 371.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Subtitle C--Currency Crimes and Protection Sec.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Subtitle C--Currency Crimes and Protection .
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Largely because of the effectiveness of the BSA, money launders had been avoiding traditional financial institutions to launder money and were using cash-based businesses to avoid them.^ FINDINGS- The Congress finds the following: (1) Effective enforcement of the currency reporting requirements of subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31, United States Code, and the regulations prescribed under such subchapter, has forced drug dealers and other criminals engaged in cash-based businesses to avoid using traditional financial institutions.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ BULK CASH SMUGGLING INTO OR OUT OF THE UNITED STATES. (a) Findings.--The < > Congress finds the following: (1) Effective enforcement of the currency reporting requirements of subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31, United States Code, and the regulations prescribed under such subchapter, has forced drug dealers and other criminals engaged in cash-based businesses to avoid using traditional financial institutions.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Effective enforcement of the currency reporting requirements of subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31, United States Code, and the regulations prescribed under such subchapter, has forced drug dealers and other criminals engaged in cash-based businesses to avoid using traditional financial institutions.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.A new effort was made to stop the laundering of money through bulk currency movements, mainly focusing on the confiscation of criminal proceeds and the increase in penalties for money laundering.^ Cooperative efforts to deter money laundering.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Increase in civil and criminal penalties for money laundering.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Laundering money through a foreign bank.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Congress found that a criminal offense of merely evading the reporting of money transfers was insufficient and decided that it would be better if the smuggling of the bulk currency itself was the offense.^ Purposes.--The < > purposes of this section are-- (1) to make the act of smuggling bulk cash itself a criminal offense; (2) to authorize forfeiture of any cash or instruments of the smuggling offense; and (3) to emphasize the seriousness of the act of bulk cash smuggling.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ EFFICIENT USE OF CURRENCY TRANSACTION REPORT SYSTEM. (a) Findings.--The Congress finds the following: (1) The Congress established the currency transaction reporting requirements in 1970 because the Congress found then that such reports have a high degree of usefulness in criminal, tax, and regulatory investigations and proceedings and the usefulness of such reports has only increased in the years since the requirements were established.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ PENALTY- `(1) TERM OF IMPRISONMENT- A person convicted of a currency smuggling offense under subsection (a), or a conspiracy to commit such offense, shall be imprisoned for not more than 5 years.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Therefore, the BSA was amended to make it a criminal offense to evade currency reporting by concealing more than US$10,000 on any person or through any luggage, merchandise or other container that moves into or out of the U.S. The penalty for such an offense is up to 5 years imprisonment and the forfeiture of any property up to the amount that was being smuggled.^ What makes you think a “lefty” should be more tolerant than any other person.
  • Think Progress » Judge strikes down part of Patriot Act. 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What makes you think a “lefty” should be more tolerant than any other person.
  • Think Progress » Judge strikes down part of Patriot Act. 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Forfeiture in currency reporting cases.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[98] .It also made the civil and criminal penalty violations of currency reporting cases[99] be the forfeiture of all a defendant's property that was involved in the offense, and any property traceable to the defendant.^ Forfeiture in currency reporting cases.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ CIVIL FORFEITURE- `(1) IN GENERAL- Any property involved in a violation of subsection (a), or a conspiracy to commit such violation, and any property traceable to such violation or conspiracy, may be seized and, subject to subsection (d) of this section, forfeited to the United States.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Forfeiture.--In addition, the court, in imposing sentence under paragraph (1), shall order that the defendant forfeit to the United States, any property, real or personal, involved in the offense, and any property traceable to such property, subject to subsection (d) of this section.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[100] .The Act prohibits and penalizes those who run unlicensed money transmitting businesses.^ Illegal money transmitting businesses.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prohibition of unlicensed money transmitting businesses .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Prohibition of unlicensed money transmitting businesses ``(a) Whoever knowingly conducts, controls, manages, supervises, directs, or owns all or part of an unlicensed money transmitting business, shall be fined in accordance with this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[101] .In 2005, this provision of the USA PATRIOT Act was used to prosecute Yehuda Abraham for helping to arrange money transfers for British arms dealer Hermant Lakhani, who was arrested in August 2003 after being caught in a government sting.^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ If I have drug dealer who using a cardboard phone, he makes a call; he throws the phone away; he gets another ten-dollar phone.

^ I --and many others-- support gun ownership and oppose the USA PATRIOT ACT. I believe that this position is consistent with a small-government, individual-rights-centered mindset.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

Lakhani had tried to sell a missile to an FBI agent posing as a Somali militant.[102] .The definition of counterfeiting was expanded to encompass analog, digital or electronic image reproductions, and it was made an offense to own such a reproduction device.^ AMENDMENT TO DEFINITION- Section 474(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the first sentence and inserting the following new sentence: `For purposes of this section, the term `analog, digital, or electronic image' includes any analog, digital, or electronic method used for the making, execution, acquisition, scanning, capturing, recording, retrieval, transmission, or reproduction of any obligation or security, unless such use is authorized by the Secretary of the Treasury.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ COUNTERFEIT ACTS COMMITTED OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES- Section 470 of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in paragraph (2), by inserting `analog, digital, or electronic image,' after `plate, stone,'; and (2) by striking `shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both' and inserting `shall be punished as is provided for the like offense within the United States'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Amendment to definition.--Section 474(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking the first sentence and inserting the following new sentence: ``For purposes of this section, the term `analog, digital, or electronic image' includes any analog, digital, or electronic method used for the making, execution, acquisition, scanning, capturing, recording, retrieval, transmission, or reproduction of any obligation or security, unless such use is authorized by the Secretary of the Treasury.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Penalties were increased to 20 years imprisonment.^ Violations are punishable by a fine and term imprisonment of 20 years; however, the mass transportation vehicle was carrying a passenger at the time of the attack, or if death resulted from the offense, the maximum term of imprisonment is increased to life.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ PENALTY- `(1) TERM OF IMPRISONMENT- A person convicted of a currency smuggling offense under subsection (a), or a conspiracy to commit such offense, shall be imprisoned for not more than 5 years.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Penalty.-- ``(1) Term of imprisonment.--A person convicted of a currency smuggling offense under subsection (a), or a conspiracy to commit such offense, shall be imprisoned for not more than 5 years.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[103] .Money laundering "unlawful activities" was expanded to include the provision of material support or resources to designated foreign terrorist organizations.^ Laundering money through a foreign bank.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rule of Construction.--Compliance with the provisions of this title requiring or allowing financial institutions and any association of financial institutions to disclose or share information regarding individuals, entities, and organizations engaged in or suspected of engaging in terrorist acts or money laundering activities shall not constitute a violation of the provisions of title V of the Gramm-Leach- Bliley Act (Public Law 106-102).
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (I) designated under section 219; ``(II) otherwise designated, upon publication in the Federal Register, by the Secretary of State in consultation with or upon the request of the Attorney General, as a terrorist organization, after finding that the organization engages in the activities described in subclause (I), (II), or (III) of clause (iv), or that the organization provides material support to further terrorist activity; or ``(III) that is a group of two or more individuals, whether organized or not, which engages in the activities described in subclause (I), (II), or (III) of clause (iv).
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[104] .The Act specifies that anyone who commits or conspires to undertake a fraudulent activity outside the jurisdiction of the United States, and which would be an offense in the U.S., will be prosecuted under 18 U.S.C. § 1029, which deals with fraud and related activity in connection with access devices.^ Counterfeit Acts Committed Outside the United States.--Section 470 of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ VENUE IN MONEY LAUNDERING CASES. Section 1956 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: ``(i) Venue.--(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), a prosecution for an offense under this section or section 1957 may be brought in-- ``(A) any district in which the financial or monetary transaction is conducted; or ``(B) any district where a prosecution for the underlying specified unlawful activity could be brought, if the defendant participated in the transfer of the proceeds of the specified unlawful activity from that district to the district where the financial or monetary transaction is conducted.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (A) has engaged in terrorism as defined in section 2331(1) or 2331(5) of title 18, United States Code, or has committed an offense described in section 2332b(g)(5)(B) of such title, or who has conspired or attempted to do so; (B) is an enemy combatant, a prisoner of war, or other battlefield detainee; (C) is a member of a terrorist organization designated as such pursuant to section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act; - 33 - .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[105]

Title IV: Border security

.Title IV amends the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 to give more law enforcement and investigative power to the United States Attorney General and to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS).^ Title 18, United States Code, is amended-- .
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a former attorney general I am well aware of the needs of law enforcement ...
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SELF-PETITIONS- Any spouse, child, or unmarried son or daughter of an alien described in paragraph (3) who is not a beneficiary of a petition for classification as a family-sponsored immigrant under section 203(a)(2) of the Immigration and Nationality Act may file a petition for such classification with the Attorney General, if the spouse, child, son, or daughter was present in the United States on September 11, 2001.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Attorney General was authorized to waive any cap on the number of full time employees (FTEs) assigned to the INS on the Northern border of the United States.^ ENSURING ADEQUATE PERSONNEL ON THE NORTHERN BORDER. The Attorney General is authorized to waive any FTE cap on personnel assigned to the Immigration and Naturalization Service on the Northern border.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Attorney General is authorized to waive any FTE cap on personnel assigned to the Immigration and Naturalization Service on the Northern border.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to authorize the Attorney General to waive any cap on the number of full time employees assigned to the INS on the northern border.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

[106] .Enough funds were set aside to triple the maximum number of Border Patrol personnel, Customs Service personnel and INS inspectors along with an additional US$50,000,000 funding for the INS and the U.S. Customs Service to improve technology for monitoring the Northern Border and acquiring additional equipment at the Canadian northern border.^ Ensuring adequate personnel on the Northern border.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ State along the Northern Border; and (4) an additional $50,000,000 each to the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the United States Customs Service for purposes of making improvements in technology for monitoring the Northern Border and acquiring additional equipment at the Northern Border.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to authorize additional appropriations to allow for a tripling in personnel for the Border Patrol, INS Inspectors, and the US Customs Service in each State along the northern border, and an additional $50 million each to the INS and the US Customs Service to improve technology and acquire additional equipment for use at the northern border.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

[107] .The INS was also given the authority to authorize overtime payments of up to an extra US$30,000 a year to INS employees.^ Authorization of Appropriations.-- (1) Authorization.--There is hereby authorized to be appropriated in each fiscal year $50,000,000 for purposes of carrying out this section.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- (1) AUTHORIZATION- There is hereby authorized to be appropriated in each fiscal year $50,000,000 for purposes of carrying out this section.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A-58 to 2762A-59)) is amended by striking the following each place it occurs: ``Provided, That none of the funds available to the Immigration and Naturalization Service shall be available to pay any employee overtime pay in an amount in excess of $30,000 during the calendar year beginning January 1, 2001: .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[108] .Access was given to the Department of State and the INS to criminal background information contained in the National Crime Information Center's Interstate Identification Index (NCIC-III), Wanted Persons File and any other files maintained by the National Crime Information Center to determine whether visa applicants and applicants could be admitted to the U.S.[109] The Department of State was required to form final regulations governing the procedures for taking fingerprints and the conditions with which the department was allowed to use this information.^ Access by the Department of State and the INS to certain .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Access by the Department of State and the INS to certain identifying information in the criminal history records of visa applicants and applicants for admission to the United States.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Attorney General and the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall provide the Department of State and the Service access to the criminal history record information contained in the National Crime Information Center's Interstate Identification Index (NCIC-III), Wanted Persons File, and to any other files maintained by the National Crime Information Center that may be mutually agreed upon by the Attorney General and the agency receiving the access, for the purpose of determining whether or not a visa applicant or applicant for admission has a criminal history record indexed in any such file.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[110] .Additionally, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) was ordered to develop a technology standard to verify the identity of persons applying for a United States visa.^ United States Code, apply to the case.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ INTEGRATED- The technology standard developed pursuant to paragraph (1), shall be the technological basis for a cross-agency, cross-platform electronic system that is a cost-effective, efficient, fully integrated means to share law enforcement and intelligence information necessary to confirm the identity of such persons applying for a United States visa or such person seeking to enter the United States pursuant to a visa.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Integrated.--The technology standard developed pursuant to paragraph (1), shall be the technological basis for a cross- agency, cross-platform electronic system that is a cost- effective, efficient, fully integrated means to share law enforcement and intelligence information necessary to confirm the identity of such persons applying for a United States visa or such person seeking to enter the United States pursuant to a visa.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[110] .The reason was to make the standard the technology basis for a cross-agency, cross-platform electronic system used for conducting background checks, confirming identities and ensuring that people have not received visas under different names.^ INTEGRATED- The technology standard developed pursuant to paragraph (1), shall be the technological basis for a cross-agency, cross-platform electronic system that is a cost-effective, efficient, fully integrated means to share law enforcement and intelligence information necessary to confirm the identity of such persons applying for a United States visa or such person seeking to enter the United States pursuant to a visa.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Integrated.--The technology standard developed pursuant to paragraph (1), shall be the technological basis for a cross- agency, cross-platform electronic system that is a cost- effective, efficient, fully integrated means to share law enforcement and intelligence information necessary to confirm the identity of such persons applying for a United States visa or such person seeking to enter the United States pursuant to a visa.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Technology < > Standard to Confirm Identity.-- (1) In < > General.--The Attorney General and the Secretary of State jointly, through the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury and other Federal law enforcement and intelligence agencies the Attorney General or Secretary of State deems appropriate and in consultation with Congress, shall within 2 years after the date of the enactment of this section, develop and certify a technology standard that can be used to verify the identity of persons applying for a United States visa or such persons seeking to enter the United States pursuant to a visa for the purposes of conducting background checks, confirming identity, and ensuring that a person has not received a visa under a different name or such person seeking to enter the United States pursuant to a visa.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[111] .This report was released on November 13, 2002,[112] however, according to NIST, this was later "determined that the fingerprint system used was not as accurate as current state-of-the-art fingerprint systems and is approximately equivalent to commercial fingerprint systems available in 1998."[113] This report was later superseded by section 303(a) of the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002.^ Report < > on Investment Companies.-- (1) In < > general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Securities and Exchange Commission shall jointly submit a report to the Congress on recommendations for effective regulations to apply the requirements of subchapter II of chapter 53 of title 31, [[Page 115 STAT. 325]] United States Code, to investment companies pursuant to section 5312(a)(2)(I) of title 31, United States Code.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ REPORTING OF SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITIES BY SECURITIES BROKERS AND DEALERS; INVESTMENT COMPANY STUDY. (a) Deadline < > for Suspicious Activity Reporting Requirements for Registered Brokers and < > Dealers.--The Secretary, after consultation with the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, shall publish proposed regulations in the Federal Register before January 1, 2002, requiring brokers and dealers registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to submit suspicious activity reports under section 5318(g) of title 31, United States Code.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ IN GENERAL- The Attorney General, in consultation with the appropriate heads of other Federal agencies, including the Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury, and the Secretary of Transportation, shall report to Congress on the feasibility of enhancing the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other identification systems in order to better identify a person who holds a foreign passport or a visa and may be wanted in connection with a criminal investigation in the United States or abroad, before the issuance of a visa to that person or the entry or exit from the United States by that person.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Under subtitle C, various definitions relating to terrorism were altered and expanded.^ Definitions relating to terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The definition encompasses criminal acts of domestic and international terrorism as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2331, together with related preparatory, material support, and criminal activities.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Under 50 U.S.C. 1801(a)(4), the definition of "foreign power" includes groups that engage in international terrorism, but does not reach unaffiliated individuals who do so.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.The INA was retroactively amended to disallow aliens who are part of or representatives of a foreign organization or any group who endorses acts of terrorism from entering the U.S. This restriction also included the family of such aliens.^ This section amends FISA so that international terrorist organizations are consistently treated as foreign powers for these purposes.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ This section adds a parallel provision pertaining to the assets of any person planning or perpetrating an act of terrorism against a foreign state or international organization while acting within the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(6), which provides that an electronic surveillance order may require periodic progress reports to the judge who issued the order "at such intervals as .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[114] .The definition of "terrorist activity" was strengthened to include actions involving the use of any dangerous device (and not just explosives and firearms).^ Section 121: Definition of Terrorist Activities.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The same definition of terrorist activities would also apply through cross-referencing provisions, see 18 U.S.C. 2711(1) and 3127(1) (as amended), in the chapters of the criminal code that govern accessing stored communications and the use of pen registers and trap and trace devices (chapters 121 and 206).
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Some critics raise concerns that the Patriot Act might be used not just against terrorist cases, but also in areas that had nothing to do with terrorism.

[114] .To "engage in terrorist activity" is defined as committing, inciting to commit or planning and preparing to undertake an act of terrorism.^ Inclusion of acts of terrorism as racketeering activity.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It defines a terrorist organization as one that is (1) designated by the Secretary of State as a terrorist organization under the process supplied by current law; (2) designated by the Secretary of State as a terrorist organization for immigration purposes; or (3) a group of two or more individuals that commits terrorist activities or plans or prepares to commit (including locating targets for) terrorist activities.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Secretary of State if he determines that offer or payment of an award of a larger amount is necessary to combat terrorism or defend the Nation against terrorist acts.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Included in this definition is the gathering of intelligence information on potential terrorist targets, the solicitation of funds for a terrorist organization or the solicitation of others to undertake acts of terrorism.^ Definition.--In this subsection, the term ``foreign intelligence information means-- (A) information, whether or not concerning a United States person, that relates to the ability of the United States to protect against-- (i) actual or potential attack or other grave hostile acts of a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power; (ii) sabotage or international terrorism by a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power; or (iii) clandestine intelligence activities by an intelligence service or network of a foreign power or by an agent of a foreign power; or (B) information, whether or not concerning a United States person, with respect to a foreign power or foreign territory that relates to-- (i) the national defense or the security of the United States; or (ii) the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (III) to gather information on potential targets for terrorist activity; ``(IV) to solicit funds or other things of value for-- ``(aa) a terrorist activity; ``(bb) a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(I) or (vi)(II); or ``(cc) a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(III), unless the solicitor can demonstrate that he did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the solicitation would further the organization's terrorist activity; ``(V) to solicit any individual-- ``(aa) to engage in conduct otherwise described in this clause; ``(bb) for membership in a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(I) or (vi)(II); or ``(cc) for membership in a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(III), unless the solicitor can demonstrate that he did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the solicitation would further the organization's terrorist activity; or ``(VI) to commit an act that the actor knows, or reasonably should know, affords material support, including a safe house, transportation, communications, funds, transfer of funds or other material financial benefit, false documentation or identification, weapons (including chemical, biological, or radiological weapons), explosives, or training-- ``(aa) for the commission of a terrorist activity; ``(bb) to any individual who the actor knows, or reasonably should know, has committed or plans to commit a terrorist activity; ``(cc) to a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(I) or (vi)(II); or ``(dd) to a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(III), unless the actor can demonstrate that he did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the act would further the organization's terrorist activity.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ DEFINITION- In this subsection, the term `foreign intelligence information' means-- (A) information, whether or not concerning a United States person, that relates to the ability of the United States to protect against-- (i) actual or potential attack or other grave hostile acts of a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power; (ii) sabotage or international terrorism by a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power; or (iii) clandestine intelligence activities by an intelligence service or network of a foreign power or by an agent of a foreign power; or (B) information, whether or not concerning a United States person, with respect to a foreign power or foreign territory that relates to-- (i) the national defense or the security of the United States; or (ii) the conduct of the foreign affairs of the United States.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Those who provide knowing assistance to a person who is planning to perform such activities are defined as undertaking terrorist activities.^ Such reports are a roadmap for terrorists, who could use the information to plan attacks on the facilities.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ CONTENTS- Each application submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall-- (A) describe the activities for which assistance under this section is sought; and (B) provide such additional assurances as the Attorney General determines to be essential to ensure compliance with the requirements of this section.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(6), which provides that an electronic surveillance order may require periodic progress reports to the judge who issued the order "at such intervals as .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Such assistance includes affording material support, including a safe house, transportation, communications, funds, transfer of funds or other material financial benefit, false documentation or identification, weapons (including chemical, biological, or radiological weapons), explosives, or training to perform the terrorist act.^ Terrorist Identification Database Act of 2002,".
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 360, included in Senate bill, authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to instruct the United States Executive Director of each of the international financial institutions (for example, the IMF and the World Bank) to use such Director’s " voice and vote" to support loans and other use of resources to benefit nations that the President determines to be contributing to United States efforts to combat international terrorism, and to require the auditing of each international financial institution to ensure that funds are not paid to persons engaged in or supporting terrorism.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ (III) to gather information on potential targets for terrorist activity; ``(IV) to solicit funds or other things of value for-- ``(aa) a terrorist activity; ``(bb) a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(I) or (vi)(II); or ``(cc) a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(III), unless the solicitor can demonstrate that he did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the solicitation would further the organization's terrorist activity; ``(V) to solicit any individual-- ``(aa) to engage in conduct otherwise described in this clause; ``(bb) for membership in a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(I) or (vi)(II); or ``(cc) for membership in a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(III), unless the solicitor can demonstrate that he did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the solicitation would further the organization's terrorist activity; or ``(VI) to commit an act that the actor knows, or reasonably should know, affords material support, including a safe house, transportation, communications, funds, transfer of funds or other material financial benefit, false documentation or identification, weapons (including chemical, biological, or radiological weapons), explosives, or training-- ``(aa) for the commission of a terrorist activity; ``(bb) to any individual who the actor knows, or reasonably should know, has committed or plans to commit a terrorist activity; ``(cc) to a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(I) or (vi)(II); or ``(dd) to a terrorist organization described in clause (vi)(III), unless the actor can demonstrate that he did not know, and should not reasonably have known, that the act would further the organization's terrorist activity.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[114] .The INA criteria for making a decision to designate an organization as a terrorist organization was amended to include the definition of a terrorist act.^ This section amends FISA so that international terrorist organizations are consistently treated as foreign powers for these purposes.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ DESIGNATED TERRORIST ORGANIZATION. For purposes of this subsection, the term 'designated terrorist organization' means an organization which - 70 - .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to revise the National Security Act definitions section to include "international terrorism" as a subset of "foreign intelligence."
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

[115] .Though the amendments to these definitions are retroactive, it does not mean that it can be applied to members who joined an organization, but since left, before it was designated to be a terrorist organization under 8 U.S.C. § 1189 by the Secretary of State.^ DESIGNATED TERRORIST ORGANIZATION. For purposes of this subsection, the term 'designated terrorist organization' means an organization which - 70 - .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ And individuals who contribute to these designated "terrorist organizations" still are able to deduct those contributions.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Additional standards for certain correspondent accounts.-- ``(A) In general.--Subparagraph (B) shall apply if a correspondent account is requested or maintained by, or on behalf of, a foreign bank operating-- ``(i) under an offshore banking license; or ``(ii) under a banking license issued by a foreign country that has been designated-- ``(I) as noncooperative with international anti-money laundering principles or procedures by an intergovernmental group or organization of which the United States is a member, with which designation the United States representative to the group or organization concurs; or ``(II) by the Secretary of the Treasury as warranting special measures due to money laundering concerns.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[114]
.The Act amended the INA to add new provisions enforcing mandatory detention laws.^ Amendment Relating to the Purposes of the Bank Secrecy Act Provisions.--Section 21(a) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1829b(a)) is amended to read as follows: .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ H.R. 4659 /P.L. 109-170 - To amend the USA PATRIOT ACT to extend the sunset of certain provisions of such Act.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 36 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (Public Law 885, August 1, 1956; 22 U.S.C. 2708) is amended-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.These apply to any alien who is engaged in terrorism, or who is engaged in an activity that endangers U.S. national security.^ Both the House- and Senate-passed bills included provisions to grant the Attorney General the authority to certify that an alien meets the criteria of the terrorism grounds of the Immigration and Nationality Act, or is engaged in any other activity that endangers the national security of the United States, upon a "reasonable grounds to believe" standard, and take such aliens into custody.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Both the House and Senate bills included this provision to revise the National Security Act definitions section to include "international terrorism" as a subset of "foreign intelligence."
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Inclusion of international terrorist activities within scope of foreign intelligence under National Security Act of 1947.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.It also applies to those who are inadmissible or who must be deported because it is certified they are attempting to enter to undertake illegal espionage; are exporting goods, technology, or sensitive information illegally; or are attempting to control or overthrow the government; or have, or will have, engaged in terrorist activities.^ Such reports are a roadmap for terrorists, who could use the information to plan attacks on the facilities.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Moreover, in the current circumstances, domestic terrorists who attempt to ally with or are inspired to emulate international terrorists are an increasing concern.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ This system is used to enhance customer service, as well as in government surveillance and information gathering activities.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[116] .The Attorney General or the Attorney General's deputy may maintain custody of such aliens until they are removed from the U.S., unless it is no longer deemed they should be removed, in which case they are released.^ The Deputy Attorney General may not delegate such authority.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Except as provided in paragraph (6), such custody shall be maintained irrespective of any relief from removal for which the alien may be eligible, or any relief from removal granted the alien, until the Attorney General determines that the alien is no longer an alien who may be certified under paragraph (3).
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Attorney General determines, in the Attorney General's discretion, that the certification should be revoked, the alien may be released on such conditions as the Attorney General deems appropriate, unless such release is otherwise prohibited by law.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The alien can be detained for up to 90 days but can be held up to six months after it is deemed that they are a national security threat.^ Secretary of Transportation; and ``(2) any chemical or biological material or agent determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services or the Attorney General as being a threat to the national security of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The statute applies to an alien's failure to depart "within a period of 90 days from the date of the final order."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Interface With Law Enforcement Databases.--The entry and exit data system described in this section shall be able to interface with law enforcement databases for use by Federal law enforcement to identify and detain individuals who pose a threat to the national security of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, the alien must be charged with a crime or removal proceedings start no longer than seven days after the alien's detention, otherwise the alien will be released.^ An alien who is charged but ultimately found not to be removable is to be released from custody.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The Attorney General must either begin removal proceedings against such aliens or bring criminal charges within seven days, or release them from custody.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The petition for review must be filed not later than 30 days after the issuance of the order of revocation.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.However, such detentions must be reviewed every six months by the Attorney General, who can then decide to revoke it, unless prevented from doing so by law.^ The Attorney General shall review his certification of an alien every six months.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Review of certification.--The Attorney General shall review the certification made under paragraph (3) every 6 months.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reports.--Not < > later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, the Attorney General shall submit a report to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, with respect to the reporting period, on-- (1) the number of aliens certified under section 236A(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, as added by subsection (a); (2) the grounds for such certifications; (3) the nationalities of the aliens so certified; (4) the length of the detention for each alien so certified; and (5) the number of aliens so certified who-- (A) were granted any form of relief from removal; (B) were removed; (C) the Attorney General has determined are no longer aliens who may be so certified; or (D) were released from detention.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Every six months the alien may apply, in writing, for the certification to be reconsidered.^ The alien may request each 6 months in writing that the Attorney General reconsider the certification and may submit documents or other evidence in support of that request.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ REVIEW OF CERTIFICATION- The Attorney General shall review the certification made under paragraph (3) every 6 months.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Attorney General determines, in the Attorney General's discretion, that the certification should be revoked, the alien may be released on such conditions as the Attorney General deems appropriate, unless such release is otherwise prohibited by law.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[116] .Judicial review of any action or decision relating to this section, including judicial review of the merits of a certification, can be held under habeas corpus proceedings.^ HABEAS CORPUS AND JUDICIAL REVIEW- `(1) IN GENERAL- Judicial review of any action or decision relating to this section (including judicial review of the merits of a determination made under subsection (a)(3) or (a)(6)) is available exclusively in habeas corpus proceedings consistent with this subsection.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mandatory detention of suspected terrorists; habeas corpus; judicial review.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Habeas Corpus and Judicial Review.-- ``(1) In general.--Judicial review of any action or decision relating to this section (including judicial review of the merits of a determination made under subsection (a)(3) or (a)(6)) is available exclusively in habeas corpus proceedings consistent Page 115 STAT. 352 .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Such proceedings can be initiated by an application filed with the United States Supreme Court, by any justice of the Supreme Court, by any circuit judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, or by any district court otherwise having jurisdiction to entertain the application.^ RULE OF DECISION- The law applied by the Supreme Court and the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit shall be regarded as the rule of decision in habeas corpus proceedings described in paragraph (1).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States District Court against the United States to recover money damages.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rule of decision.--The law applied by the Supreme Court and the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit shall be regarded as the rule of decision in habeas corpus proceedings described in paragraph (1).
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The final order is subject to appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.^ United States District Court against the United States to recover money damages.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (B) A person who is a citizen or permanent resident alien of the United States disclosing a substantial interest in a final threat determination by the Under Secretary or designee under paragraph (1) and an order of revocation issued by the Administrator under paragraph (2) may seek review of those actions by filing a petition for review in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit or in the court of appeals of the United States for the circuit in which the person resides.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ RULE OF DECISION- The law applied by the Supreme Court and the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit shall be regarded as the rule of decision in habeas corpus proceedings described in paragraph (1).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[116] .Provisions were also made for a report to be required every six months of such decisions from the U.S. Attorney General to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.^ Reports.--Not < > later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, the Attorney General shall submit a report to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, with respect to the reporting period, on-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ REVIEW OF CERTIFICATION- The Attorney General shall review the certification made under paragraph (3) every 6 months.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Review of certification.--The Attorney General shall review the certification made under paragraph (3) every 6 months.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[116]
.A sense of Congress was given that the U.S. Secretary of State should expedite the full implementation of the integrated entry and exit data system for airports, seaports, and land border ports of entry specified in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA).^ This section expresses the sense of the Congress that the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, should fully implement the entry/exit system as expeditiously as practicable.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208; 110 Stat.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Development of the System.--In the development of the integrated entry and exit data system under section 110 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1365a), the Attorney General and the Secretary of State shall particularly focus on-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.They also found that the U.S. Attorney General should immediately start the Integrated Entry and Exit Data System Task Force specified in section 3 of the Immigration and Naturalization Service Data Management Improvement Act of 2000.^ This section includes the new Office of Homeland Security as a participant in the Entry and Exit Task Force established by the Immigration and Naturalization Service Data Management Improvement Act of 2000.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ TASK FORCE. Section 3 of the Immigration and Naturalization Service Data Management Improvement Act of 2000 < > (Public Law 106-215) is amended by striking ``and the Secretary of the Treasury, and inserting ``the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Office of Homeland Security .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Integration < > With Port of Entry Information.--For each alien with respect to whom information is collected under section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372), the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall include information on the date of entry and port of entry.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Congress wanted the primary focus of development of the entry-exit data system was to be on the utilization of biometric technology and the development of tamper-resistant documents readable at ports of entry.^ Particular focus should be given to the utilization of biometric technology and the development of tamper-resistant documents.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ DEVELOPMENT OF THE SYSTEM- In the development of the integrated entry and exit data system under section 110 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1365a), the Attorney General and the Secretary of State shall particularly focus on-- (1) the utilization of biometric technology; and (2) the development of tamper-resistant documents readable at ports of entry.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Development of the System.--In the development of the integrated entry and exit data system under section 110 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1365a), the Attorney General and the Secretary of State shall particularly focus on-- (1) the utilization of biometric technology; and [[Page 115 STAT. 354]] (2) the development of tamper-resistant documents readable at ports of entry.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.They also wanted the system to be able to interface with existing law enforcement databases.^ I wouldn't want any law enforcement agencies who may be reading this site to get the wrong idea.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Interface With Law Enforcement Databases.--The entry and exit data system described in this section shall be able to interface with law enforcement databases for use by Federal law enforcement to identify and detain individuals who pose a threat to the national security of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Expansion of regional information sharing system to facilitate Federal-State-local law enforcement response related to terrorist attacks.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[117] .The Attorney General was ordered to implement and expand the foreign student monitoring program that was established under section 641(a) of the IIRIRA.[118] which records the date and port of entry of each foreign student.^ Foreign student monitoring program.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Integration < > With Port of Entry Information.--For each alien with respect to whom information is collected under section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372), the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall include information on the date of entry and port of entry.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ INTEGRATION WITH PORT OF ENTRY INFORMATION- For each alien with respect to whom information is collected under section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372), the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall include information on the date of entry and port of entry.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.The program was expanded to include other approved educational institutions, including air flight schools, language training schools or vocational schools that are approved by the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of State.^ This section expands the list of institutions to include air flight schools, language training schools, and vocational schools.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Integration < > With Port of Entry Information.--For each alien with respect to whom information is collected under section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372), the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall include information on the date of entry and port of entry.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Consultations and Information To Be Considered in Finding Jurisdictions, Institutions, Types of Accounts, or Transactions To Be of Primary Money Laundering Concern.-- ``(1) In general.--In making a finding that reasonable grounds exist for concluding that a jurisdiction outside of the United States, 1 or more financial institutions operating outside of the United States, 1 or more classes of transactions within, or involving, a jurisdiction outside of the United States, or 1 or more types of accounts is of primary money laundering concern so as to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to take 1 or more of the special measures described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.US$36,800,000 was appropriated for the Department of Justice to spend on implementing the program.^ AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Justice $36,800,000 for the period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and ending on January 1, 2003, to fully implement and expand prior to January 1, 2003, the program established by section 641(a) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372(a)).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Authorization < > of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be appropriated to the Department of Justice $36,800,000 for the period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and ending on January 1, 2003, to fully implement and expand prior to January 1, 2003, the program established by section 641(a) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372(a)).
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Justice such sums as may be necessary for purposes of carrying out the program required by subsection (a).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[119]
.The Secretary of State was ordered to audit and report back to Congress on the Visa waiver program specified under 8 U.S.C. § 1187 for each fiscal year until September 30, 2007. The Secretary was also ordered to check for the implementation of precautionary measures to prevent the counterfeiting and theft of passports as well as ascertain that countries designated under the visa waiver program have established a program to develop tamper-resistant passports.^ This section requires the Secretary of State to conduct an annual audit to assess precautionary measures taken to prevent the counterfeiting and theft of passports among countries that participate in the visa waiver program, and ascertain that designated countries have established a program to develop tamper-resistant passports.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ (B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1187(c)(2)(B)); (2) check for the implementation of precautionary measures to prevent the counterfeiting and theft of passports; and (3) ascertain that countries designated under the visa waiver program have established a program to develop tamper- resistant passports.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AUDITS- The Secretary of State shall, each fiscal year until September 30, 2007-- (1) perform annual audits of the implementation of section 217(c)(2)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1187(c)(2)(B)); (2) check for the implementation of precautionary measures to prevent the counterfeiting and theft of passports; and (3) ascertain that countries designated under the visa waiver program have established a program to develop tamper-resistant passports.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[120] .The Secretary was also ordered to report back to Congress on whether consulate shopping was a problem.^ PREVENTION OF CONSULATE SHOPPING. (a) Review.--The Secretary of State shall review how consular officers issue visas to determine if consular shopping is a problem.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ REVIEW- The Secretary of State shall review how consular officers issue visas to determine if consular shopping is a problem.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Actions to be Taken.--If the Secretary of State determines under subsection (a) that consular shopping is a problem, the Secretary shall take steps to address the problem and shall submit a report to Congress describing what action was taken.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[121]
.The last subtitle, which was introduced by Senators John Conyers and Patrick Leahy, allows for the preservation of immigration benefits for victims of terrorism, and the families of victims of terrorism.^ At the request of Congressman Conyers and Senator Leahy, this new subtitle (sections 421-428) was included in the final bill to modify the immigration laws to provide the humanitarian relief to these victims and their family members in preserving their immigration status.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Arlen Specter, Patrick Leahy, and Chuck Schumer that would prevent the circumvention of the Senate's constitutional prerogative to confirm U.S. Attorneys .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This section states that no benefit under this subtitle shall be provided to anyone culpable for the terrorist attacks on September 11 or to any family member of such an individual.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

[122] .They recognized that some families, through no fault of their own, would either be ineligible for permanent residence in the United States because of being unable to make important deadlines because of the September 11 terrorist attacks, or had become ineligible to apply for special immigration status because their loved one died in the attacks.^ No benefits to terrorists or family members of terrorists.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is certain that some aliens fell victim to the terrorist attacks on the U.S. on September 11.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ These family members are facing deportation because they are out of status: they no longer qualify for their current immigration status or are no longer eligible to complete the application process because their loved one was killed or injured in the September 11 terrorist attack.
  • Section by Section Analysis of the USA Patriot Act - October 2001 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC leahy.senate.gov [Source type: Original source]

[123]
.It allows the U.S. Attorney General to pay rewards pursuant of advertisements for assistance to the Department of Justice to combat terrorism and prevent terrorist acts, though amounts over $US250,000 may not be made or offered without the personal approval of the Attorney General or President, and once the award is approved the Attorney General must give written notice to the Chairman and ranking minority members of the Committee on Appropriations and the Judiciary of the Senate and of the House of Representatives.^ Attorney General's authority to pay rewards to combat terrorism.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ATTORNEY GENERAL'S AUTHORITY TO PAY REWARDS TO COMBAT TERRORISM. (a) Payment of Rewards To Combat Terrorism.--Funds available to the Attorney General may be used for the payment of rewards pursuant to public advertisements for assistance to the Department of Justice to combat terrorism and defend the Nation against terrorist acts, in accordance with procedures and regulations established or issued by the Attorney General.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Justice Department regarding the USA PATRIOT Act and the war on terrorism.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[124] .The State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 was amended to allow the Department of State to offer rewards, in consultation with the Attorney General, for the full or significant dismantling of any terrorist organization[125] and to identify any key leaders of terrorist organizations.^ Attorney General's authority to pay rewards to combat terrorism.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 36 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (Public Law 885, August 1, 1956; 22 U.S.C. 2708) is amended-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Secretary of State's authority to pay rewards.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[126] .The Secretary of State was given authority to pay greater than $US5 million if he so determines it would prevent terrorist actions against the United States and Canada.^ Civil action against the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil actions against the United States .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil action against the United States.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[127] .The DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act was amended to include terrorism or crimes of violence in the list of qualifying Federal offenses.^ Definition of Federal crime of terrorism.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ DNA IDENTIFICATION OF TERRORISTS AND OTHER VIOLENT OFFENDERS. Section 3(d)(2) of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 14135a(d)(2)) is amended to read as follows: ``(2) In addition to the offenses described in paragraph (1), the following offenses shall be treated for purposes of this section as qualifying Federal offenses, as determined by the Attorney General: ``(A) Any offense listed in section 2332b(g)(5)(B) of title 18, United States Code.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ CFTC INCLUDED- For purposes of this Act and any amendment made by this Act to any other provision of law, the term `Federal functional regulator' includes the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[128] .Another perceived obstacle was to allow Federal agencies to share information with Federal law enforcement agencies.^ Assistance to law enforcement agencies.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link September 24, 2002 New DOJ Guidelines for Intelligence Agency Info Sharing and the PATRIOT Act Attorney General announces new guidelines to share information between federal law enforcement and the U.S. intelligence community, Septemer 23, 2002 .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The consent decrees also handicap officers in their efforts to share information with other law enforcement agencies, including federal law enforcement agencies such as the FBI. These problems threaten to frustrate the operations of the federal-state-local Joint Terrorism Task Forces, and could prevent effective cooperation at all levels of government in antiterrorism efforts.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, the act now allows Federal officers who acquire information through electronic surveillance or physical searches to consult with Federal law enforcement officers to coordinate efforts to investigate or protect against potential or actual attacks, sabotage or international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities by an intelligence service or network of a foreign power.^ INFORMATION ACQUIRED FROM A PHYSICAL SEARCH- Section 305 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1825) is amended by adding at the end the following: `(k)(1) Federal officers who conduct physical searches to acquire foreign intelligence information under this title may consult with Federal law enforcement officers to coordinate efforts to investigate or protect against-- `(A) actual or potential attack or other grave hostile acts of a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power; `(B) sabotage or international terrorism by a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power; or `(C) clandestine intelligence activities by an intelligence service or network of a foreign power or by an agent of a foreign power.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Information Acquired From a Physical Search.--Section 305 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1825) is amended by adding at the end the following: .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[129]
.Secret Service jurisdiction was extended to investigate computer fraud, access device frauds, false identification documents or devices, or any fraudulent activities against U.S. financial institutions.^ Special measures for jurisdictions, financial institutions, or .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Extension of Secret Service jurisdiction.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A. Special measures for jurisdictions, financial institutions, or .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[130] .The General Education Provisions Act was amended to allow the U.S. Attorney General or Assistant Attorney General to collect and retain educational records relevant to an authorized investigation or prosecution of an offense that is defined as a Federal crime of terrorism and which an educational agency or institution possesses.^ Definition of Federal crime of terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Attorney General may search information in the databases described in subsection (a) against the national DNA index established by section 210304 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14132), the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, other databases maintained by Federal, State, or local law enforcement agencies, and other appropriate databases as determined by the Attorney General.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ DISCLOSURE OF EDUCATIONAL RECORDS. Section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g), is amended by adding after subsection (i) a new subsection (j) to read as follows: ``(j) Investigation and Prosecution of Terrorism.-- ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsections (a) through (i) or any provision of State law, the Attorney General (or any Federal officer or employee, in a position not lower than an Assistant Attorney General, designated by the Attorney General) may submit a written application to a court of competent jurisdiction for an ex parte order requiring an educational agency or institution to permit the Attorney General (or his designee) to-- ``(A) collect education records in the possession of the educational agency or institution that are relevant to an authorized investigation or prosecution of an offense listed in section 2332b(g)(5)(B) of title 18 United States Code, or an act of domestic or international terrorism as defined in section 2331 of that title; and ``(B) for official purposes related to the investigation or prosecution of an offense described in paragraph (1)(A), retain, disseminate, and use (including as evidence at trial or in other administrative or judicial proceedings) such records, consistent with such guidelines as the Attorney General, after consultation with the Secretary, shall issue to protect confidentiality.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Attorney General or Assistant Attorney General must "certify that there are specific and articulable facts giving reason to believe that the education records are likely to contain information [that a Federal crime of terrorism may be being committed]."^ Definition of Federal crime of terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Application and approval.-- ``(A) In general.--An application under paragraph (1) shall certify that there are specific and articulable facts giving reason to believe that the education records are likely to contain information described in paragraph (1)(A).
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ APPLICATION AND APPROVAL- `(A) IN GENERAL- An application under paragraph (1) shall certify that there are specific and articulable facts giving reason to believe that the education records are likely to contain information described in paragraph (1)(A).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.An education institution that produces education records in response to such a request is given legal immunity from any liability that rises from such a production of records.^ Protection of educational agency or institution.--An educational agency or institution that, in good faith, produces education records in accordance with an order issued [[Page 115 STAT. 368]] under this subsection shall not be liable to any person for that production.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ PROTECTION OF EDUCATIONAL AGENCY OR INSTITUTION- An educational agency or institution that, in good faith, produces education records in accordance with an order issued under this subsection shall not be liable to any person for that production.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ IMMUNITY FROM CIVIL LIABILITY- Any person, including officers, agents, and employees, who in good faith produce the records or items requested in a subpoena shall not be liable in any court of any State or the United States to any customer or other person for such production or for non-disclosure of that production to the customer or other person, in compliance with the terms of a court order for non-disclosure.".
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[131]
.One of the most controversial aspects of the USA PATRIOT Act is in title V, and relates to National Security Letters (NSLs).^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Related postings on Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An NSL is a form of administrative subpoena used by the FBI, and reportedly by other U.S. government agencies including the CIA and the Department of Defense (DoD).^ Procedures.--The Attorney General shall develop procedures for the administration of this section, including the disclosure of foreign intelligence by elements of the Department of Justice, and elements of other departments and agencies of the Federal Government, under subsection (a) and the provision of notice with respect to criminal investigations under subsection (b).''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ PROCEDURES- The Attorney General shall develop procedures for the administration of this section, including the disclosure of foreign intelligence by elements of the Department of Justice, and elements of other departments and agencies of the Federal Government, under subsection (a) and the provision of notice with respect to criminal investigations under subsection (b).'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Currently, 18 U. S.C. 1510(b) makes it an offense for an officer of a financial institution to notify other persons about a grand jury subpoena or an administrative subpoena issued by the Department of Justice for records of the financial institution.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.It is a demand letter issued to a particular entity or organization to turn over various records and data pertaining to individuals.^ The SWIFT data consists of records of completed financial transactions; it does not provide access to individual bank account information.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scope.--A background records check regarding an individual under this subsection shall consist of the following: ``(A) A check of the relevant criminal history data bases.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The letter asked for personal information about one of the Archive's users, including the individual's name, address, and any electronic communication transactional records pertaining to the user.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They require no probable cause or judicial oversight and also contain a gag order, preventing the recipient of the letter from disclosing that the letter was ever issued.^ There is a judge-issued gag order.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "(B) ORDERS Upon the filing of a complaint under subparagraph (A) and a finding that the facts recited in the complaint constitutes probable cause to believe that a serious crime was committed by the person sought, the appropriate judicial officer may issue an order for the provisional arrest and detention of the person.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Those poor Germans, they’re probably wondering what suicidal mission Bush is going to order next.
  • Think Progress » Judge strikes down part of Patriot Act. 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Title V allowed the use of NSLs to be made by a Special Agent in charge of a Bureau field office, where previously only the Director or the Deputy Assistant Director of the FBI were able to certify such requests.^ Financial Records.--Section 1114(a)(5)(A) of the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3414(a)(5)(A)) is amended-- (1) by inserting ``in a position not lower than Deputy Assistant Director at Bureau headquarters or a Special Agent in Charge in a Bureau field office designated by the Director'' after ``designee''; and (2) by striking ``sought'' and all that follows and inserting ``sought for foreign counter intelligence purposes to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities, provided that such an investigation of a United States [[Page 115 STAT. 366]] person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ CONSUMER REPORTS- Section 624 of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. 1681u) is amended-- (1) in subsection (a)-- (A) by inserting `in a position not lower than Deputy Assistant Director at Bureau headquarters or a Special Agent in Charge of a Bureau field office designated by the Director' after `designee' the first place it appears; and (B) by striking `in writing that' and all that follows through the end and inserting the following: `in writing, that such information is sought for the conduct of an authorized investigation to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities, provided that such an investigation of a United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States.'; (2) in subsection (b)-- (A) by inserting `in a position not lower than Deputy Assistant Director at Bureau headquarters or a Special Agent in Charge of a Bureau field office designated by the Director' after `designee' the first place it appears; and (B) by striking `in writing that' and all that follows through the end and inserting the following: `in writing that such information is sought for the conduct of an authorized investigation to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities, provided that such an investigation of a United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States.'; and (3) in subsection (c)-- (A) by inserting `in a position not lower than Deputy Assistant Director at Bureau headquarters or a Special Agent in Charge in a Bureau field office designated by the Director' after `designee of the Director'; and (B) by striking `in camera that' and all that follows through `States.'
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ MISCELLANEOUS NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORITIES. (a) Telephone Toll and Transactional Records.--Section 2709(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``at Bureau headquarters or a Special Agent in Charge in a Bureau field office designated by the Director'' after ``Assistant Director''; (2) in paragraph (1)-- (A) by striking ``in a position not lower than Deputy Assistant Director''; and (B) by striking ``made that'' and all that follows and inserting the following: ``made that the name, address, length of service, and toll billing records sought are relevant to an authorized investigation to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities, provided that such an investigation of a United States person is not conducted solely on the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States; and''; and (3) in paragraph (2)-- (A) by striking ``in a position not lower than Deputy Assistant Director''; and (B) by striking ``made that'' and all that follows and inserting the following: ``made that the information sought is relevant to an authorized investigation to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities, provided that such an investigation of a United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[132] .This provision of the Act was challenged by the ACLU on behalf of an unknown party against the U.S. government on the grounds that NSLs violate the First and Fourth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution because there is no way to legally oppose an NSL subpoena in court, and that it was unconstitutional to not allow a client to inform their Attorney as to the order because of the gag provision of the letters.^ I thought there was a gag order in place?
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a judge-issued gag order.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Exactly WHICH provision(s) of the Patiot Act violate the 4th Amendment?
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.The court's judgement found in favour of the ACLU's case, and they declared the law unconstitutional.^ Now they will have to prove their case in court.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Otherwise Supreme court justices wouldn't bother arguing cases now would they?"
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They need to kill the whole unconstitutional piece of crap law.
  • Think Progress » Judge strikes down part of Patriot Act. 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[133] .Later, the USA PATRIOT Act was reauthorized and amendments were made to specify a process of judicial review of NSLs and to allow the recipient of an NSL to disclose receipt of the letter to an attorney or others necessary to comply with or challenge the order.^ Reauthorization of the USA Patriot Act (80 pages, PDF ).
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The USA PATRIOT Act allows authorities to conduct surveillance without judicial review through the use of National Security Letters .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[134] .However, in 2007 the U.S. District Court struck down even the reauthorized NSLs because the gag power was unconstitutional as courts could still not engage in meaningful judicial review of these gags.^ The court found that the gag power was unconstitutional and that because the statute prevented courts from engaging in meaningful judicial review of gags, it violated the First Amendment and the principle of separation of powers."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NSA, which was struck down in the 6th circuit of the CA courts because no one could prove that they had been wrongfully surveyed.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The court also found a broad gag provision in the law to be an "unconstitutional prior restraint" on free speech."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Title VI: Victims and families of victims of terrorism

.Title VI made amendments to the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (VOCA) in order to make changes to how the U.S. Victims of Crime Fund was managed and funded.^ Crime victims fund.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ CFTC INCLUDED- For purposes of this Act and any amendment made by this Act to any other provision of law, the term `Federal functional regulator' includes the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Allocation of Funds for Compensation and Assistance.--Paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 1403(a) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10602(a)) are amended by inserting ``in fiscal year 2002 and of 60 percent in subsequent fiscal years after ``40 percent .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Changes were made to VOCA to improve the speedy provision of aid to families of public safety officers by expedited payments to officers or the families of officers.^ Expedited payment for public safety officers involved in the .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Public safety officers benefit program payment increase.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Technical correction with respect to expedited payments for heroic public safety officers.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Under the changes, payments must be made no later than 30 days after the officer is injured or killed in the line of duty.^ Authorized employment.--During the period in which a principal alien or alien spouse is in lawful nonimmigrant status under paragraph (1), the alien shall be provided an ``employment authorized endorsement or other appropriate document signifying authorization of employment not later than 30 days after the alien requests such authorization.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [[Page 115 STAT. 358]] (3) Authorized employment.--During the period in which a principal alien or alien spouse is in lawful nonimmigrant status under paragraph (1), the alien shall be provided an ``employment authorized'' endorsement or other appropriate document signifying authorization of employment not later than 30 days after the alien requests such authorization.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The world is no different today than it was on 9/10, and only those who were politically ignorant until this day are any more surprised or afraid than they were then.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

[135] .The Assistant Attorney General was given expanded authority under section 614 of the USA PATRIOT Act to make grants to any organization that administers any Office of Justice Programs, which includes the Public Safety Officers Benefits Program.^ Section 505 of the USA PATRIOT Act expanded the circumstances under which an NSL could be used.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Office of Justice programs.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Justice Department regarding the USA PATRIOT Act and the war on terrorism.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[136] .Further changes to the Victims of Crime Fund increased the amount of money in the Fund, and changed the way that funds were distributed.^ Crime victims fund.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Compensation to Victims of International Terrorism.--Section 1404C(b) of the Victims of Crime of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603c(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``The amount of compensation awarded to a victim under this subsection .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In each fiscal year, the Director shall distribute amounts from the Fund in accordance with subsection (d).
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[137] .The amount available for grants made through the Crime Victim Fund to eligible crime victim compensation programs were increased from 40 percent to 60 percent of the total in the Fund.^ Crime victim compensation.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Crime victims fund.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Exclusion From Income, Resources, and Assets for Purposes of Means Tests.--Notwithstanding any other law (other than title IV of Public Law 107-42), for the purpose of any maximum allowed income, resource, or asset eligibility requirement in any Federal, State, or local government program using Federal funds that provides medical or other assistance (or payment or reimbursement of the cost of such assistance), any amount of crime victim compensation that the applicant receives through a crime victim compensation program under this section shall not be included in the income, resources, or assets of the applicant, nor shall that amount reduce the amount of the assistance available to the applicant from Federal, State, or local government programs using Federal funds, unless the total amount of assistance that the applicant receives from all such programs is sufficient to fully compensate the applicant for losses suffered as a result of the crime.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

A program can provide compensation to U.S. citizens who were adversely affected overseas. .Means testing was also waived for those who apply for compensation.^ Imagine how low the rate of exonerations compared to those who are actually innocent and don't ever come across the means to prevail.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Relationship of Crime Victim Compensation to Means-Tested Federal Benefit Programs.--Section 1403 of the Victims .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[138] .Under VOCA, the Director may make an annual grant from the Crime Victims Fund to support crime victim assistance programs.^ Crime victim assistance.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Crime victims fund.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ASSISTANCE FOR VICTIMS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, PUERTO RICO, AND OTHER TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS- Section 1404(a) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `(6) An agency of the Federal Government performing local law enforcement functions in and on behalf of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any other territory or possession of the United States may qualify as an eligible crime victim assistance program for the purpose of grants under this subsection, or for the purpose of grants under subsection (c)(1).'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.An amendment was made to VOCA to include offers of assistance to crime victims in the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, and any other U.S. territory.^ State' means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Northern Mariana Islands, and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Crime victim assistance.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Indeed the United States has sent troops abroad or militarily struck other countries' territory 216 times since independence from Britain.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

[139] .VOCA also provides for compensation and assistance to victims of terrorism or mass violence.^ Victims of Terrorism Within the United States.--The Director may make supplemental grants as provided in section 1402(d)(5) to States for eligible crime victim compensation and assistance programs, and to victim service organizations, public agencies (including Federal, State, or local governments) and nongovernmental organizations that provide assistance to victims of crime, which shall be used to provide emergency relief, including crisis response efforts, assistance, compensation, training and technical assistance, and ongoing assistance, including during any investigation or prosecution, to victims of terrorist acts or mass violence occurring within the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Compensation to Victims of International Terrorism.--Section 1404C(b) of the Victims of Crime of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603c(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``The amount of compensation awarded to a victim under this subsection .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (B) The antiterrorism emergency reserve referred to in subparagraph (A) may be used for supplemental grants under section 1404B and to provide compensation to victims of international terrorism under section 1404C. ``(C) Amounts in the antiterrorism emergency reserve established pursuant to subparagraph (A) may be carried over from fiscal year to fiscal year.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[140] .This was amended to allow the Director to make supplemental grants to States for eligible crime victim compensation and assistance programs, and to victim service organizations, public agencies (including Federal, State, or local governments) and non-governmental organizations that provide assistance to victims of crime.^ Victims of Terrorism Within the United States.--The Director may make supplemental grants as provided in section 1402(d)(5) to States for eligible crime victim compensation and assistance programs, and to victim service organizations, public agencies (including Federal, State, or local governments) and nongovernmental organizations that provide assistance to victims of crime, which shall be used to provide emergency relief, including crisis response efforts, assistance, compensation, training and technical assistance, and ongoing assistance, including during any investigation or prosecution, to victims of terrorist acts or mass violence occurring within the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Crime victim compensation.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant program for State and local domestic preparedness support.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The funds could be used to provide emergency relief, including crisis response efforts, assistance, compensation, training and technical assistance for investigations and prosecutions of terrorism.^ COMPENSATION AND ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC TERRORISM- Section 1404B(b) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603b(b)) is amended to read as follows: `(b) VICTIMS OF TERRORISM WITHIN THE UNITED STATES- The Director may make supplemental grants as provided in section 1402(d)(5) to States for eligible crime victim compensation and assistance programs, and to victim service organizations, public agencies (including Federal, State, or local governments) and nongovernmental organizations that provide assistance to victims of crime, which shall be used to provide emergency relief, including crisis response efforts, assistance, compensation, training and technical assistance, and ongoing assistance, including during any investigation or prosecution, to victims of terrorist acts or mass violence occurring within the United States.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Victims of Terrorism Within the United States.--The Director may make supplemental grants as provided in section 1402(d)(5) to States for eligible crime victim compensation and assistance programs, and to victim service organizations, public agencies (including Federal, State, or local governments) and nongovernmental organizations that provide assistance to victims of crime, which shall be used to provide emergency relief, including crisis response efforts, assistance, compensation, training and technical assistance, and ongoing assistance, including during any investigation or prosecution, to victims of terrorist acts or mass violence occurring within the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ VICTIMS OF TERRORISM. (a) Compensation and Assistance to Victims of Domestic Terrorism.-- Section 1404B(b) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 10603b(b)) is amended to read as follows: ``(b) Victims of Terrorism Within the United States.--The Director may make supplemental grants as provided in section 1402(d)(5) to States for eligible crime victim compensation and assistance programs, and to victim service organizations, public agencies (including Federal, State, or local governments) and nongovernmental organizations that provide assistance to victims of crime, which shall be used to provide emergency relief, including crisis response efforts, assistance, compensation, training and technical assistance, and ongoing assistance, including during any investigation or prosecution, to victims of terrorist acts or mass violence occurring within the United States.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[141]

Title VIII: Terrorism criminal law

.Title VIII alters the definitions of terrorism, and establishes or re-defines rules with which to deal with it.^ The definition encompasses criminal acts of domestic and international terrorism as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2331, together with related preparatory, material support, and criminal activities.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ [[Page 115 STAT. 275]] TITLE VIII--STRENGTHENING THE CRIMINAL LAWS AGAINST TERRORISM Sec.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ TITLE VIII--STRENGTHENING THE CRIMINAL LAWS AGAINST TERRORISM .
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.It redefined the term "domestic terrorism" to broadly include mass destruction as well as assassination or kidnapping as a terrorist activity.^ To continue federal judicial micromanagement of local investigations of domestic and international terrorist activities ...
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The definition encompasses criminal acts of domestic and international terrorism as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2331, together with related preparatory, material support, and criminal activities.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ SPECIFIED TERRORIST ACTIVITY- For purposes of this subtitle, the term `specified terrorist activity' means any terrorist activity conducted against the Government or the people of the United States on September 11, 2001.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.The definition also encompasses activities that are "dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State" and are intended to "intimidate or coerce a civilian population," "influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion," or are undertaken "to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping" while in the jurisdiction of the United States.^ Secretary of Transportation; and ``(2) any chemical or biological material or agent determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services or the Attorney General as being a threat to the national security of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Another context in which different types of "foreign powers" are treated differently is the FISA definition of "United States person."
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Findings.--Congress makes the following findings: (1) The information revolution has transformed the conduct of business and the operations of government as well as the infrastructure relied upon for the defense and national security of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[142] .Terrorism is also included in the definition of racketeering.^ Groups engaged in international terrorism are included under the definition of "foreign power" in FISA. See 50 U.S.C. 1801(a)(4).
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[143] Terms relating to cyber-terrorism are also redefined, including the term "protected computer," "damage," "conviction," "person," and "loss."[144]
.New penalties were created to convict those who attack mass transportation systems.^ Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass transportation systems.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass transportation systems .
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And given the severity of terrorist threats, and the consequences of a successful terrorist attack, the United States should be able to punish those who finance terrorism at least as severely as it can punish polluters.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.If the offender committed such an attack while no passenger was on board, they are fined and imprisoned for a maximum of 20 years.^ U.S.C. 2284(a)), or section 46502 (relating to aircraft piracy) of title 49, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, they specify no penalty for persons who make such unlawful disclosures.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ My own view is that the Islamic fascists should indeed be dealt with harshly as they no freinds of a liberal democrat such as my self, at all.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, if the activity was undertaken while the mass transportation vehicle or ferry was carrying a passenger at the time of the offense, or the offense resulted in the death of any person, then the punishment is a fine and life imprisonment.^ AGGRAVATED OFFENSE- Whoever commits an offense under subsection (a) in a circumstance in which-- `(1) the mass transportation vehicle or ferry was carrying a passenger at the time of the offense; or `(2) the offense has resulted in the death of any person, shall be guilty of an aggravated form of the offense and shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for a term of years or for life, or both.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This section similarly authorizes uniformly up to life imprisonment or the death penalty for conduct resulting in death that occurs in the course of the offenses likely to be committed by terrorists that are listed in 18 U.S.C. 2232b(g)(5)(B) or in the course of terrorist activities as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2510 under the amendment in section 121 of this bill.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ There are also cross-cutting provisions which authorize these sanctions for specified classes of offenses whenever death results, such as 18 U.S.C. 2245, which provides that a person who, in the course of a sexual abuse offense, "engages in conduct that results in the death of a person, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[145] The title amends the biological weapons statute to define the use of a biological agent, toxin, or delivery system as a weapon, other than when it is used for "prophylactic, protective, bona fide research, or other peaceful purposes." Penalties for anyone who cannot prove reasonably that they are using a biological agent, toxin or delivery system for these purposes are 10 years imprisonment, a fine or both.[146]
.A number of measures were introduced in an attempt to prevent and penalize activities that are deemed to support terrorism.^ The definition encompasses criminal acts of domestic and international terrorism as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2331, together with related preparatory, material support, and criminal activities.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.It was made a crime to harbor or conceal terrorists, and those who do are subject to a fine or imprisonment of up to 10 years, or both.^ Harboring or concealing terrorists .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Harboring or concealing terrorists.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Unlawful use of encryption "(a) Any person who, during the commission of a felony under Federal law, knowingly and willfully encrypts any incriminating communication or information relating to that felony -- "(1) in the case of a first offense under this section, shall be imprisoned not more than 5 years, fined under this title, or both; and "(2) in the case of a second or subsequent offense under this section, shall be imprisoned not more than 10 years, fined under this title, or both.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[147] .U.S. forfeiture law was also amended to allow authorities to seize all foreign and domestic assets from any group or individual that is caught planning to commit acts of terrorism against the U.S. or U.S. citizens.^ Section 981(a)(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting at the end the following: `(G) All assets, foreign or domestic-- `(i) of any individual, entity, or organization engaged in planning or perpetrating any act of domestic or international terrorism (as defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or residents of the United States, or their property, and all assets, foreign or domestic, affording any person a source of influence over any such entity or organization; `(ii) acquired or maintained by any person with the intent and for the purpose of supporting, planning, conducting, or concealing an act of domestic or international terrorism (as defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or residents of the United States, or their property; or `(iii) derived from, involved in, or used or intended to be used to commit any act of domestic or international terrorism (as defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or residents of the United States, or their property.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 981(a)(1)(G) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by -- (1) striking "or" at the end of clause (ii); (2) striking the period at the end of clause (iii) and inserting "; or"; and (3) inserting the following after clause (iii): "(iv) of any individual, entity, or organization engaged in planning or perpetrating any act of international terrorism (as defined in section 2331) against any international organization (as defined in section 209 of the State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956) or against any foreign - 75 - .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ (G) All assets, foreign or domestic-- ``(i) of any individual, entity, or organization engaged in planning or perpetrating any act of domestic or international terrorism (as defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or residents of the United States, or their property, and all assets, foreign or domestic, affording any person a source of influence over any such entity or organization; ``(ii) acquired or maintained by any person with the intent and for the purpose of supporting, planning, conducting, or concealing an act of domestic or international terrorism (as defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or residents of the United States, or their property; or ``(iii) derived from, involved in, or used or intended to be used to commit any act of domestic or international terrorism (as defined in section 2331) against the United States, citizens or residents of the United States, or their property.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Assets may also be seized if they have been acquired or maintained by an individual or organization for the purposes of further terrorist activities.^ Assets of terrorist organizations.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Regulations.--The < > Secretary shall, within 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, adopt regulations to encourage further cooperation among financial institutions, their regulatory authorities, and law enforcement authorities, with the specific purpose of encouraging regulatory authorities and law enforcement authorities to share with financial institutions information regarding individuals, entities, and organizations engaged in or reasonably suspected based on credible evidence of engaging in terrorist acts or money laundering activities.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ COOPERATION AMONG FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS, REGULATORY AUTHORITIES, AND LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITIES- (1) REGULATIONS- The Secretary shall, within 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, adopt regulations to encourage further cooperation among financial institutions, their regulatory authorities, and law enforcement authorities, with the specific purpose of encouraging regulatory authorities and law enforcement authorities to share with financial institutions information regarding individuals, entities, and organizations engaged in or reasonably suspected based on credible evidence of engaging in terrorist acts or money laundering activities.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[148] .One section of the Act (section 805) prohibited "material support" for terrorists, and in particular included "expert advice or assistance."^ The definition encompasses criminal acts of domestic and international terrorism as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2331, together with related preparatory, material support, and criminal activities.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ United States that results in tens of billions of dollars of economic damage--and on persons who provide the essential financial or other material support for the apparatus of terrorism, but do not directly engage themselves in violent terrorist acts.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In particular, it shall be considered in the Senate in accordance with the provisions of section 601(b) of the International Security Assistance and Arms Control Act of 1976.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[149] .This was struck down as unconstitutional by the U.S. Federal Court after the Humanitarian Law Project filed a civil action against the U.S. government.^ Civil action against the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil actions against the United States .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil action against the United States.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The court found that it violated the First and Fifth Amendments to the United States Constitution and the provision was so vague it would cause a person of average intelligence to have to guess whether they were breaking the law, thus leading to a potential situation where a person was charged for an offense that they had no way of knowing was illegal.^ United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The court found that this could potentially have the effect of allowing arbitrary and discriminatory enforcement of the law, as well as possible chilling effects on First Amendment rights.^ Two lower federal courts, however, found the uncertainties, practices, and policies associated with the use of NSL authority contrary to the First Amendment right of freedom of speech, and thus brought into question the extent to which NSL authority could be used in the future.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The court also found a broad gag provision in the law to be an "unconstitutional prior restraint" on free speech."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hear about the Fourth and First Amendment defects to a provision in the law that allows the government to obtain records or personal belongings from any person or entity, including public libraries, upon the mere showing of "relevance" to a terrorism investigation.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[150][151] .Congress later improved the law by defining the definitions of the "material support or resources," "training," and "expert advise or resources."^ This section corrects a number of drafting errors in the recently enacted financing of terrorism statute, 18 U.S.C. 2339C, and supplies a definition for the term "material support or resources" as used in that statute by cross-referencing the existing definition in 18 U.S.C. 2339A(b).
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The definition encompasses criminal acts of domestic and international terrorism as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2331, together with related preparatory, material support, and criminal activities.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S.C. 2339A's prohibition on providing material support to terrorists is unnecessarily narrow; it currently does not reach all situations where material support o resources are provided to facilitate the commission of "international terrorism."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[152]
Cyberterrorism was dealt with in various ways. .Penalties apply to those who either damage or gain unauthorized access to a protected computer and then commit a number of offenses.^ APPLICATION- The amendments made by this section shall apply to the prosecution of any offense committed before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this section.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ PENALTY- `(1) TERM OF IMPRISONMENT- A person convicted of a currency smuggling offense under subsection (a), or a conspiracy to commit such offense, shall be imprisoned for not more than 5 years.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Any person who, outside the jurisdiction of the United States, engages in any act that, if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States, would constitute an offense under subsection (a) or (b) of this section, shall be subject to the fines, penalties, imprisonment, and forfeiture provided in this title if-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.These offenses include causing a person to lose an aggregate amount greater than US$5,000, as well as adversely affecting someone's medical examination, diagnosis or treatment.^ (B) by conduct described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of subparagraph (A), caused (or, in the case of an attempted offense, would, if completed, have caused)-- ``(i) loss to 1 or more persons during any 1- year period (and, for purposes of an investigation, prosecution, or other proceeding brought by the United States only, loss resulting from a related course of conduct affecting 1 or more other protected computers) aggregating at least $5,000 in value; ``(ii) the modification or impairment, or potential modification or impairment, of the medical examination, diagnosis, treatment, or care of 1 or more individuals; ``(iii) physical injury to any person; ``(iv) a threat to public health or safety; or ``(v) damage affecting a computer system used by or for a government entity in furtherance of the administration of justice, national defense, or national security; .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perversely, many of these offenses are far more serious than "aggravated felonies," and yet at present do not trigger expedited removal.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ PENALTY- `(1) TERM OF IMPRISONMENT- A person convicted of a currency smuggling offense under subsection (a), or a conspiracy to commit such offense, shall be imprisoned for not more than 5 years.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.It also encompasses actions that cause a person to be injured, a threat to public health or safety, or damage to a governmental computer that is used as a tool to administer justice, national defense or national security.^ (B) by conduct described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of subparagraph (A), caused (or, in the case of an attempted offense, would, if completed, have caused)-- ``(i) loss to 1 or more persons during any 1- year period (and, for purposes of an investigation, prosecution, or other proceeding brought by the United States only, loss resulting from a related course of conduct affecting 1 or more other protected computers) aggregating at least $5,000 in value; ``(ii) the modification or impairment, or potential modification or impairment, of the medical examination, diagnosis, treatment, or care of 1 or more individuals; ``(iii) physical injury to any person; ``(iv) a threat to public health or safety; or ``(v) damage affecting a computer system used by or for a government entity in furtherance of the administration of justice, national defense, or national security; .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Critical Infrastructure Defined.--In this section, the term ``critical infrastructure'' means systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link April 04, 2007 Commentary on Politicizing National Security Politicizing National Security , by Aziz Huq, April 4, 2007: "Aziz Huq directs the Liberty and National Security Project at the Brennan Center for Justice.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Also prohibited was extortion undertaken via a protected computer. .The penalty for attempting to damage protected computers through the use of viruses or other software mechanism was set to imprisonment for up to 10 years, while the penalty for unauthorized access and subsequent damage to a protected computer was increased to more than five years imprisonment.^ Unlawful use of encryption "(a) Any person who, during the commission of a felony under Federal law, knowingly and willfully encrypts any incriminating communication or information relating to that felony -- "(1) in the case of a first offense under this section, shall be imprisoned not more than 5 years, fined under this title, or both; and "(2) in the case of a second or subsequent offense under this section, shall be imprisoned not more than 10 years, fined under this title, or both.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S.C. 2284(a)), or section 46502 (relating to aircraft piracy) of title 49, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The offense is punishable by up to a year of imprisonment, or up to five years of imprisonment if the disclosure was made with the intent to obstruct a judicial proceeding.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.However, should the offense occur a second time, the penalty increases up to 20 years imprisonment.^ This section similarly authorizes uniformly up to life imprisonment or the death penalty for conduct resulting in death that occurs in the course of the offenses likely to be committed by terrorists that are listed in 18 U.S.C. 2232b(g)(5)(B) or in the course of terrorist activities as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2510 under the amendment in section 121 of this bill.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The offense is punishable by up to a year of imprisonment, or up to five years of imprisonment if the disclosure was made with the intent to obstruct a judicial proceeding.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In contrast, dozens of other federal violent crime provisions authorize up to life imprisonment or the death penalty in cases where victims are killed.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[153] .The act also specified the development and support of cybersecurity forensic capabilities.^ Development and support of cybersecurity forensic capabilities.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT OF CYBERSECURITY FORENSIC CAPABILITIES. .
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.It directs the Attorney General to establish regional computer forensic laboratories that have the capability of performing forensic examinations of intercepted computer evidence relating to criminal activity and cyberterrorism, and that have the capability of training and educating Federal, State, and local law enforcement personnel and prosecutors in computer crime, and to "facilitate and promote the sharing of Federal law enforcement expertise and information about the investigation, analysis, and prosecution of computer-related crime with State and local law enforcement personnel and prosecutors, including the use of multijurisdictional task forces."^ Expansion of regional information sharing system to facilitate Federal-State-local law enforcement response related to terrorist attacks.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Expansion of regional information sharing system to facilitate .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Federal, State, and local law enforcement personnel and prosecutors regarding investigations, forensic analyses, and prosecutions of computer- related crime (including cyberterrorism); (3) to assist Federal, State, and local law enforcement in enforcing Federal, State, and local criminal laws relating to computer-related crime; (4) to facilitate and promote the sharing of Federal law enforcement expertise and information about the investigation, analysis, and prosecution of computer-related crime with State and local law enforcement personnel and prosecutors, including the use of multijurisdictional task forces; and (5) to carry out such other activities as the Attorney General considers appropriate.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The sum of $50,000,000 was authorized for establishing such labs.^ Authorization of Appropriations.-- (1) Authorization.--There is hereby authorized to be appropriated in each fiscal year $50,000,000 for purposes of carrying out this section.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Justice such sums as may be necessary for purposes of carrying out the program required by subsection (a).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- (1) AUTHORIZATION- There is hereby authorized to be appropriated in each fiscal year $50,000,000 for purposes of carrying out this section.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[154]

Title IX: Improved Intelligence

.Title IX amends the National Security Act of 1947 to require the Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) to establish requirements and priorities for foreign intelligence collected under FISA and to provide assistance to the United States Attorney General to ensure that information derived from electronic surveillance or physical searches is disseminated for efficient and effective foreign intelligence purposes.^ Attorney General to ensure that information derived from electronic surveillance or physical searches under that Act is disseminated so it may be used efficiently and effectively for foreign intelligence purposes, except that the Director shall have no authority to direct, manage, or undertake electronic surveillance or physical search operations pursuant to that Act unless otherwise authorized by statute or executive order;'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Inclusion of international terrorist activities within scope of foreign intelligence under National Security Act of 1947.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Disclosure to Director of Central Intelligence of foreign .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[155] .With the exception of information that might jeopardize an ongoing law enforcement investigation, it was made a requirement that the Attorney General, or the head of any other department or agency of the Federal Government with law enforcement responsibilities, disclose to the Director any foreign intelligence acquired by the U.S. Department of Justice.^ Disclosure to Director of Central Intelligence of foreign .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a former attorney general I am well aware of the needs of law enforcement ...
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ B. (a) Disclosure of Foreign Intelligence.--(1) Except as otherwise provided by law and subject to paragraph (2), the Attorney General, or the head of any other department or agency of the Federal Government with law enforcement responsibilities, shall expeditiously disclose to the Director of Central Intelligence, pursuant to guidelines developed by the Attorney General in consultation with the Director, foreign intelligence acquired by an element of the Department of Justice or an element of such department or agency, as the case may be, in the course of a criminal investigation.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Attorney General and Director of Central Intelligence were directed to develop procedures for the Attorney General to follow in order to inform the Director, in a timely manner, of any intention of investigating criminal activity of a foreign intelligence source or potential foreign intelligence source based on the intelligence tip-off of a member of the intelligence community.^ B. Disclosure of foreign intelligence acquired in criminal investigations; notice of criminal investigations of foreign intelligence sources.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Disclosure to Director of Central Intelligence of foreign intelligence-related information with respect to criminal investigations.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ USES. -- (1) GENERALLY. -- The Attorney General may use DNA records, fingerprints, and other identification information contained in the databases described in subsection (a) for the purposes of detecting, investigating, prosecuting, preventing, or responding to terrorist activities, or other criminal or unlawful activities by suspected terrorists, and may share the information with other Federal, State, local, or foreign agencies only for these purposes.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Attorney General was also directed to develop procedures on how to best administer these matters.^ The Secretary of State shall develop and continually update the watchlist in cooperation with the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Director of Central Intelligence.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Questions about this policy should be directed to Attorney General John Ashcroft, Department of Justice, Washington, DC 20530."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As directed by the Attorney General, any DNA records, fingerprints, and other identification information described in paragraph (1) shall be included in the databases authorized by this section.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[156] .International terrorist activities were made to fall within the scope of foreign intelligence under the National Security Act.^ Inclusion of international terrorist activities within scope of foreign intelligence under National Security Act of 1947.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ National Security Act of 1947.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[157]
.A number of reports were commissioned relating to various intelligence-related government centers.^ Covered Intelligence Report.--Except as provided in subsection (c), for purposes of subsection (a), a covered intelligence report is as follows: (1) Any report on intelligence or intelligence-related activities of the United States Government that is required to be submitted to Congress by an element of the intelligence community during the effective period of this section.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Any report on intelligence or intelligence-related activities of the United States Government that is required to be submitted to Congress by an element of the intelligence community during the effective period of this section.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ COVERED INTELLIGENCE REPORT- Except as provided in subsection (c), for purposes of subsection (a), a covered intelligence report is as follows: (1) Any report on intelligence or intelligence-related activities of the United States Government that is required to be submitted to Congress by an element of the intelligence community during the effective period of this section.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.One was commissioned into the best way of setting up the National Virtual Translation Center, with the goal of developing automated translation facilities to assist with the timely and accurate translation of foreign intelligence information for elements of the U.S. intelligence community.^ Foreign intelligence information.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the report, the element shall be referred to as the ``National Virtual Translation Center .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the report, the element shall be referred to as the ``National Virtual Translation Center''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[158] The USA PATRIOT Act required this to be provided on February 1, 2002, however the report, entitled "Director of Central Intelligence Report on the National Virtual Translation Center: A Concept Plan to Enhance the Intelligence Community's Foreign Language Capabilities, April 29, 2002" was received more than two months late, which the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence reported was "a delay which, in addition to contravening the explicit words of the statute, deprived the Committee of timely and valuable input into its efforts to craft this legislation."[159] Another report was commissioned on the feasibility and desirability of reconfiguring the Foreign Terrorist Asset Tracking Center and the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury.[160] It was due by February 1, 2002 however, it was never written. .The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence later complained that "[t]he Director of Central Intelligence and the Secretary of the Treasury failed to provide a report, this time in direct contravention of a section of the USA PATRIOT Act" and they further directed "that the statutorily-directed report be completed immediately, and that it should include a section describing the circumstances which led to the Director's failure to comply with lawful reporting requirements."^ Disclosure to Director of Central Intelligence of foreign .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Responsibilities of Director of Central Intelligence regarding .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[161]
.Other measures allowed certain reports on intelligence and intelligence-related matters to be deferred until either February 1, 2002 or a date after February 1, 2002 if the official involved certified that preparation and submission on February 1, 2002, would impede the work of officers or employees engaged in counterterrorism activities.^ Amendments relating to reporting of suspicious activities.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Extension < > of Deferral.--(1) Each official specified in subsection (a) may defer the date of submittal to Congress of a covered intelligence report under the jurisdiction of such official to a date after February 1, 2002, if such official submits to the committees of Congress specified in subsection (b)(2) before February 1, 2002, a certification that preparation and submittal of the covered intelligence report on February 1, 2002, will impede the work of officers or employees who are engaged in counterterrorism activities.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ EXTENSION OF DEFERRAL- (1) Each official specified in subsection (a) may defer the date of submittal to Congress of a covered intelligence report under the jurisdiction of such official to a date after February 1, 2002, if such official submits to the committees of Congress specified in subsection (b)(2) before February 1, 2002, a certification that preparation and submittal of the covered intelligence report on February 1, 2002, will impede the work of officers or employees who are engaged in counterterrorism activities.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Any such deferral required congressional notification before it was authorized.^ AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Justice such sums as may be necessary for purposes of carrying out the program required by subsection (a).
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Authorization of Appropriations.--There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Justice such sums as may be necessary for purposes of carrying out the program required by subsection (a).
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[162] .The Attorney General was charged with training officials in identifying and utilizing foreign intelligence information properly in the course of their duties.^ Foreign intelligence information.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Training of government officials regarding identification and use of foreign intelligence.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, it shall be lawful for foreign intelligence or counterintelligence (as defined in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a)) or foreign intelligence information obtained as part of a criminal investigation to be disclosed to any Federal law enforcement, intelligence, protective, immigration, national defense, or national security official in order to assist the official receiving that information in the performance of his official duties.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.The government officials include those in the Federal Government who do not normally encounter or disseminate foreign intelligence in the performance of their duties, and State and local government officials who encounter, or potentially may encounter in the course of a terrorist event, foreign intelligence in the performance of their duties.^ Officials of State and local governments who encounter, or may encounter in the course of a terrorist event, foreign intelligence in the performance of their duties.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Officials of the Federal Government who are not ordinarily engaged in the collection, dissemination, and use of foreign intelligence in the performance of their duties.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Training of government officials regarding identification and use of foreign intelligence.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[163] .A sense of Congress was expressed that officers and employees of the intelligence community should be encouraged to make every effort to establish and maintain intelligence relationships with any person, entity, or group while they conduct lawful intelligence activities.^ Sense of Congress on the establishment and maintenance of .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sense of Congress on the establishment and maintenance of intelligence relationships to acquire information on terrorists and terrorist organizations.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ INTELLIGENCE RELATIONSHIPS TO ACQUIRE INFORMATION ON TERRORISTS AND TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS. It is the sense of Congress that officers and employees of the intelligence community of the Federal Government, acting within the course of their official duties, should be encouraged, and should make every effort, to establish and maintain intelligence relationships with any person, entity, or group for the purpose of engaging in lawful intelligence activities, including the acquisition of information on the identity, location, finances, affiliations, capabilities, plans, or intentions of a terrorist or terrorist organization, or information on any other person, entity, or group (including a foreign government) engaged in harboring, comforting, financing, aiding, or assisting a terrorist or terrorist organization.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[157]

Reauthorizations

.The USA PATRIOT Act was reauthorized by two bills.^ Reauthorization of the USA Patriot Act (80 pages, PDF ).
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.The first, the USA PATRIOT and Terrorism Prevention Reauthorization Act of 2005, was passed by both houses of Congress in July 2005. This bill reauthorized provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act and the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004.^ Pete Hoekstra, Chairman of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, issued his opening statement after the committee passed H.R. 3199, the USA Patriot and Terrorism Prevention Reauthorization Act.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reauthorization of the USA Patriot Act (80 pages, PDF ).
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hoekstra Statement on House Intelligence Patriot Act Reauthorization Mark-Up, July 13, 2005 .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It created new provisions relating to the death penalty for terrorists,[164] enhancing security at seaports,[165] new measures to combat the financing of terrorism,[166] new powers for the Secret Service,[167] anti-Methamphetamine initiatives[168] and a number of other miscellaneous provisions.^ To harden our defense, President Bush: Created the Department of Homeland Security; Provided national security professionals with vital new tools like the Patriot Act and a program to monitor terrorist communications; Reorganized the intelligence community to better meet the needs of the war on terror; Deployed aggressive financial measures to freeze terrorist assets; and Launched diplomatic initiatives to pressure adversaries and attract new partners to our cause."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This section makes a number of corrections relating to provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act, mostly affecting money laundering or asset forfeiture.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States Secret Service shall, in addition to any other agency having such authority, have the authority to investigate offenses under this section.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

The second reauthorization act, the USA PATRIOT Act Additional Reauthorizing Amendments Act of 2006, amended the first and was passed in February 2006.
.The first act reauthorized all but two of the provisions of Title II that would have expired.^ First, it would expand the individuals subject to expedited removal to include all aliens, not just nonpermanent residents.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ For reference, see also what is referred to as the Patriot Act II, otherwise titled, Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003 .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Permanent Link August 13, 2003 Recent Patriot Act Lawsuits Watching the Watchers - First two lawsuits challenging the Patriot Act likely aren't the last.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two sections were changed to sunset on December 31, 2009: section 206 — the roving wiretap provision — and section 215, which allowed access to business records under FISA. Section 215 was amended further regardless so as to give greater judicial oversight and review.^ Section 215 is titled, Access to Records Under Foreign Intelligence Security Act (FISA) .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 224 sunsetted several provisions of the Act on December 31, 2005.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The bill also reauthorizes two provisions of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, one of which is in the jurisdiction of the Committee...The bill includes four key reforms to Section 215 of the PATRIOT Act, which allows a judge to authorize access to certain business records.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Such orders were also restricted to be authorized by only the FBI Director, the FBI Deputy Director, or the Executive Assistant Director for National Security, and minimization procedures were specified to limit the dissemination and collection of such information.^ Attorney General to ensure that information derived from electronic surveillance or physical searches under that Act is disseminated so it may be used efficiently and effectively for foreign intelligence purposes, except that the Director shall have no authority to direct, manage, or undertake electronic surveillance or physical search operations pursuant to that Act unless otherwise authorized by statute or executive order;'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Subsection (d) of 2709 states that the FBI may disseminate information and records obtained pursuant to that section only as provided in guidelines approved by the Attorney General "for foreign intelligence collection and foreign counterintelligence investigations conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and, with respect to dissemination to an agency of the United States, only if such information is clearly relevant to the authorized responsibilities of such agency."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In substance, national security letters are administrative subpoenas that may be issued by FBI officials--or in some instances, other authorized government officials-to obtain specified types of records or information for use in national security investigations.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.Section 215 also had a "gag" provision, which was changed to allow the defendant to contact their Attorney.^ This provision would allow the Attorney General to establish databases of DNA records pertaining to the terrorists or suspected terrorists from whom DNA samples or other identification information have been collected.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Coordination with the Attorney General -- Nothing in this section is intended to alter any provisions in section 44939 of this title.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The bill also reauthorizes two provisions of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, one of which is in the jurisdiction of the Committee...The bill includes four key reforms to Section 215 of the PATRIOT Act, which allows a judge to authorize access to certain business records.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[169] .However, the change also meant that the defendant was also made to tell the FBI who they were disclosing the order to — this requirement was removed by the USA PATRIOT Act Additional Reauthorizing Amendments Act.^ Reauthorization of the USA Patriot Act (80 pages, PDF ).
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[170]
.As NSL provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act had been struck by the courts[133] the reauthorization Act amended the law in an attempt to make them lawful.^ Subsection (a) makes technical corrections to a number of provisions in the USA PATRIOT Act.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Reauthorization of the USA Patriot Act (80 pages, PDF ).
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It provided for judicial review and the legal right of a recipient to challenge the validity of the letter.^ Ashcroft, is provided by the Center for Constitutional Rights, along with this explanatory document, CCR Files Constitutional Challenge to Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This subsection does not confer or imply any right to judicial review.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It also clarifies that judges may modify Section 215 orders, and that recipients may obtain legal advice and challenge the order in court.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The reauthorization act still allowed NSLs to be closed and all evidence to be presented in camera and ex parte.^ Section 505 of the PATRIOT Act, authorizing NSLs, still has no sunset.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This provision would amend CIPA to provide that courts shall allow the United States to make a request for a CIPA authorization ex parte and in camera.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ CIPA of ex parte, in camera hearings and written submissions by the government when the court is required to make discovery determinations).
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[171] Gag provisions were maintained, but were not automatic. .They only occurred when the Deputy Assistant Director of the FBI or a Special Agent in Charge in a Bureau field office certified that disclosure would result in "a danger to the national security of the United States, interference with a criminal, counterterrorism, or counterintelligence investigation, interference with diplomatic relations, or danger to the life or physical safety of any person".[172] However, should there be no non-disclosure order, the defendant can disclose the fact of the NSL to anyone who can render them assistance in carrying out the letter, or to an attorney for legal advise.^ Gonzales - Opinion Decision and Order (9/6/2007) Related postings on National Security Letters .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, they specify no penalty for persons who make such unlawful disclosures.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ (A) by inserting ``in a position not lower than Deputy Assistant Director at Bureau headquarters or a Special Agent in Charge in a Bureau field office designated by the Director after ``designee of the Director ; and (B) by striking ``in camera that and all that follows through ``States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Again, however, the recipient was ordered to inform the FBI of such a disclosure.^ However, they specify no penalty for persons who make such unlawful disclosures.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ If the court orders disclosure of matters occurring before the grand jury, the disclosure shall be made in such manner, at such time, and under such conditions as the court may direct.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[172] .Because of the concern over the chilling effects of such a requirement, the Additional Reauthorization Amendments Act removed the requirement to inform the FBI that the recipient spoke about the NSL to their Attorney.^ Permanent Link February 22, 2006 USA PATRIOT Act Additional Reauthorizing Amendments Act of 2006 (S. 2271) CRS Report: USA PATRIOT Act Additional Reauthorizing Amendments Act of 2006 (S. 2271) - "S. 22711 amends the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) and the five federal statutes providing national security letter (NSL) authority to federal intelligence investigators in the following manner: (1) it grants recipients of a Section 215 order the express right to petition a FISA judge to modify or quash the nondisclosure requirement that accompanies such an order; (2) it removes the requirement that recipients of Section 215 orders or recipients of NSLs must provide the FBI or the authorized government authority with the name of the attorney they consulted to obtain legal advice concerning the production order or the NSL; and (3) it clarifies that libraries, the services of which include offering patrons access to the Internet, are not subject to NSLs, unless they are functioning as electronic communication service providers."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CONTENTS- Each application submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) shall-- (A) describe the activities for which assistance under this section is sought; and (B) provide such additional assurances as the Attorney General determines to be essential to ensure compliance with the requirements of this section.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect at the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[173] .Later, the Additional Reauthorization Amendments Act excluded libraries from receiving NSLs, except where they provide electronic communications services.^ A provider of a wire or electronic communication service, .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AGENCIES. Nothing in this Act shall impose any additional technical obligation or requirement on a provider of a wire or electronic communication service or other person to furnish facilities or technical assistance.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ASSISTANCE TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES. Nothing in this Act shall impose any additional technical obligation or requirement on a provider of a wire or electronic communication service or other person to furnish facilities or technical assistance.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[174] .The reauthorization Act also ordered the Attorney General submit a report semi-annually to the House and Senate Judiciary Committees, the House and Senate Intelligence Committees and the House Committee on Financial Services and the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs on all NSL request made under the Fair Credit Reporting Act.^ [[Page 115 STAT. 282]] (c) Report.--The Attorney General shall report to the Committees on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Senate on-- (1) the number of translators employed by the FBI and other components of the Department of Justice; (2) any legal or practical impediments to using translators employed by other Federal, State, or local agencies, on a full, part-time, or shared basis; and (3) the needs of the FBI for specific translation services in certain languages, and recommendations for meeting those needs.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Senators asked the Attorney General and the Chairmen of the Senate Judiciary and Intelligence Committee to consider two previous bills that add protections to PATRIOT ACT .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reports.--Not < > later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 6 months thereafter, the Attorney General shall submit a report to the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, with respect to the reporting period, on-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[175]
.Changes were made to the roving wiretap provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ USA Patriot Act isn't the issue.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Applications and orders for such wiretaps must describe the specific target of the electronic surveillance if the identity of the target is not known.^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(5) to extend the normal duration of electronic surveillance orders in investigations of terrorist activities from 30 days to 90 days.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(6), which provides that an electronic surveillance order may require periodic progress reports to the judge who issued the order "at such intervals as .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ These sections address limitations to the use of wiretaps, search warrants for homes and businesses, and surveillance orders.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If the nature and location of each of the facilities or places targeted for surveillance is not known, then after 10 days the agency must provide notice to the court.^ On December 14, each party must provide the court with confirmation that the court's order has been carried out.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, this section provides that the sentence for a terrorist offense within the scope of 18 U.S.C. 3583(j) must include a term of supervised release of at least 10 years.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They argue that they have a top-secret document proving they were a direct target of National Security Agency surveillance.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The notice must include the nature and location of each new facility or place at which the electronic surveillance was directed.^ Key topics include Total Information Awareness, the public response to the Patriot Act, biometric identification, and new technologies of surveillance."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This provision would enhance the presidential authorization exception by eliminating the requirement that electronic surveillance cannot be directed at the spoken communications of foreign powers.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.It must also describe the facts and circumstances relied upon by the applicant to justify the applicant's belief that each new surveillance place or facility under surveillance is or was being used by the target of the surveillance.^ Section 505 of the USA PATRIOT Act expanded the circumstances under which an NSL could be used.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In related news, see this Wired article : "The Justice Department's statements -- and what it did not say -- in a congressional inquiry on the use of broadened surveillance powers authorized after the Sept.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See 26 C.F.R. 1.132-5(m) (describing the circumstances under which police protection and related transportation expenses may be deemed to be working condition fringe benefits).
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.The applicant must also provide a statement detailing any proposed minimization procedures that differ from those contained in the original application or order, that may be necessitated by a change in the facility or place at which the electronic surveillance is directed.^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(5) to extend the normal duration of electronic surveillance orders in investigations of terrorist activities from 30 days to 90 days.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(6), which provides that an electronic surveillance order may require periodic progress reports to the judge who issued the order "at such intervals as .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The order, upon service of that order, shall apply to any person or entity providing wire or electronic communication service in the United States whose assistance may facilitate the execution of the order.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Applicants must detail the total number of electronic surveillances that have been or are being conducted under the authority of the order.^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(5) to extend the normal duration of electronic surveillance orders in investigations of terrorist activities from 30 days to 90 days.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(6), which provides that an electronic surveillance order may require periodic progress reports to the judge who issued the order "at such intervals as .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The following questions are in the letter: "Why did the Executive not ask for the authority to conduct electronic surveillance when Congress passed the Patriot Act and was predisposed, to the maximum extent likely, to grant the Executive additional powers which the Executive thought necessary?"
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[176]
.Section 213 of the USA PATRIOT Act was modified.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I --and many others-- support gun ownership and oppose the USA PATRIOT ACT. I believe that this position is consistent with a small-government, individual-rights-centered mindset.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.Previously it stated that delayed notifications would be made to recipients of "sneak and peek" searches in a "reasonable period". This was seen as unreasonable, as it was undefined and could potentially be used indefinitely.^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2705, which permits delaying notification concerning the accessing of a person's stored electronic communications where specified "adverse results" would result from the notification.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link February 14, 2005 Reasonable Notice and Search Act S. 316 : A bill to limit authority to delay notice of search warrants (By Sen.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Specifically, FISA pen registers would be available in investigations of both U.S. persons and non-U.S. persons whenever they could be used "to obtain foreign intelligence information."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.Thus, the reauthorization act changed this to a period not exceeding 30 days after the date of the execution of the search warrant.^ The statute applies to an alien's failure to depart "within a period of 90 days from the date of the final order."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Part II of this four part guide addresses "changes to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, or FISA, and sneak and peek warrants."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect at the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Courts were given the opportunity to extend this period if they were provided good cause to do so.^ If the Government makes such an ex parte submission, the plaintiff shall be given an opportunity to make a submission to the court, not ex parte, and the court may, in its discretion, request further information from either party.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Government makes such an ex parte submission, the plaintiff shall be given an opportunity to make a submission to the court, not ex parte, and the court may, in its discretion, request further information from either party.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Government makes such an ex parte submission, the plaintiff shall be given an opportunity to make a submission to the court, not ex parte, and the court may, in its discretion, request further information from either party.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

Section 213 states that delayed notifications could be issued if there is "reasonable cause to believe that providing immediate notification of the execution of the warrant may have an adverse result". This was criticized, particularly by the ACLU, for allowing potential abuse by law enforcement agencies[177] and was later amended to prevent a delayed notification "if the adverse results consist only of unduly delaying a trial."[178]
.The reauthorization act also legislates increased congressional oversight for emergency disclosures by communication providers undertaken under section 212 of the USA PATRIOT Act.^ Reauthorization of the USA Patriot Act (80 pages, PDF ).
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[179] .The duration of FISA surveillance and physical search orders were increased.^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(5) to extend the normal duration of electronic surveillance orders in investigations of terrorist activities from 30 days to 90 days.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ These sections address limitations to the use of wiretaps, search warrants for homes and businesses, and surveillance orders.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Information Acquired From a Physical Search.--Section 305 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1825) is amended by adding at the end the following: .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Surveillance performed against "lone wolf terrorists" under section 207 of the USA PATRIOT Act were increased to 120 days for an initial order, while pen registers and trap and trace device extensions under FISA were increased from 90 days to a year.^ Pen register and trap and trace authority under FISA. Sec.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 107: Pen Registers in FISA Investigations.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The reauthorization act also increased congressional oversight, requiring a semi-annual report into physical searches and the use of pen registers and trap and trace devices under FISA.[180] The "lone wolf terrorist" provision (Section 207) was a sunset provision that also was to have expired, however this was enhanced by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004.^ Pen register and trap and trace authority under FISA. Sec.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 107: Pen Registers in FISA Investigations.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Modification of authorities relating to use of pen registers and trap and trace devices.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.The reauthorization act extended the expiration date to December 31, 2009.[181] The amendment to material support law done in the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act[152] was also made permanent.^ Material support for terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "The Patriot Act expires on December 31.
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link July 13, 2005 Portions of Patriot Act on Intelligence Law Made Permanent by House Committee Vote Today H.R. 3199 , To extend and modify authorities needed to combat terrorism, and for other purposes.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[182] .The definition of terrorism was further expanded to include receiving military-type training from a foreign terrorist organization and narcoterrorism.^ This provision would expand FISA's definition of "foreign power" to include all persons, regardless of whether they are affiliated with an international terrorist group, who engage in international terrorism.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This section amends FISA so that international terrorist organizations are consistently treated as foreign powers for these purposes.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Another context in which different types of "foreign powers" are treated differently is the FISA definition of "United States person."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[183] .Other provisions of the reauthorization act was to merge the law outlawing train wrecking (18 U.S.C. § 992) and the law outlawing attacks on mass transportation systems (18 U.S.C. § 1993) into a new section of Title 18 of the U.S. Code (18 U.S.C. § 1992) and also to criminalize the act of planning a terrorist attack against a mass transport system.^ Wrecking Trains.--Section 1992 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following: .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Statutory Construction.--The provisions of this section shall not be applicable to any other provision of this Act.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass transportation systems.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[184][185] .Forfeiture law was further changed and now assets within U.S. jurisdiction will be seized for illegally trafficking in nuclear, chemical, biological or radiological weapons technology or material, if such offense is punishable under foreign law by death or imprisonment for a term exceeding one year.^ There are also cross-cutting provisions which authorize these sanctions for specified classes of offenses whenever death results, such as 18 U.S.C. 2245, which provides that a person who, in the course of a sexual abuse offense, "engages in conduct that results in the death of a person, shall be punished by death or imprisoned for any term of years or for life."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ DOMESTIC PREPAREDNESS SUPPORT. (a) In General.--The Office for State and Local Domestic Preparedness Support of the Office of Justice Programs shall make a grant to each State, which shall be used by the State, in conjunction with units of local government, to enhance the capability of State and local jurisdictions to prepare for and respond to terrorist acts including events of terrorism involving weapons of mass destruction and biological, nuclear, radiological, incendiary, chemical, and explosive devices.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Any person who, outside the jurisdiction of the United States, engages in any act that, if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States, would constitute an offense under subsection (a) or (b) of this section, shall be subject to the fines, penalties, imprisonment, and forfeiture provided in this title if-- .
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Alternatively, this applies if similar punishment would be so punishable if committed within the U.S.[186] A sense of Congress was further expressed that victims of terrorism should be entitled to the forfeited assets of terrorists.^ And given the severity of terrorist threats, and the consequences of a successful terrorist attack, the United States should be able to punish those who finance terrorism at least as severely as it can punish polluters.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ As with current 18 U.S.C. 1510(b), the offense would be a misdemeanor punishable by up to a year of imprisonment, but would be punishable by up to five years of imprisonment if the unlawful disclosure was committed with the intent to obstruct the terrorism or espionage investigation.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ When American citizens commit acts of violence against those who are, or are perceived to be, of Arab or Muslim descent, they should be punished to the full extent of the law.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

[187]

Controversy

.The USA PATRIOT Act has generated a great deal of controversy since its enactment.^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA Patriot Act isn't the issue.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Opponents of the Act have been quite vocal in asserting that it was passed opportunistically after the September 11 terrorist attacks, believing there to have been little debate.^ "The Patriot Act was passed in haste after 9/11.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Terrorist attacks and other acts of violence against mass transportation systems.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nation on and after the terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, such records may also have a high degree of usefulness in the conduct of intelligence or counterintelligence activities, including analysis, to protect against international terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.They view the Act as one that was hurried through the Senate with little change before it was passed.^ SCOTUS, well, maybe they can do something about it, but it won't be until the partisan firestorm has died down a little, probably not before six years from now.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In other words, a bill like the one the Senate passed by unanimous consent in July."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They gave that little brat more than enough warning to comply and instead he tried to turn it into some kind of Patriot Act protest.
  • Patterico's Pontifications » Student Protests Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

.(Senators Patrick Leahy and Russell Feingold proposed amendments to modify the final revision.^ Arlen Specter, Patrick Leahy, and Chuck Schumer that would prevent the circumvention of the Senate's constitutional prerogative to confirm U.S. Attorneys .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Patrick Leahy: Bush is abusing power of the presidency Hearing vowed on Bush's powers - Senator [Specter] questions bypassing of laws .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New York Times: Gonzales Career Timeline and Testimony Comment Of Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

)[10][188][189] The sheer magnitude of the Act itself was noted by Michael Moore in his controversial film Fahrenheit 9/11. In one of the scenes of the movie, he records Congressman Jim McDermott alleging that no Senator read the bill[190] and John Conyers, Jr. as saying "We don't really read most of the bills. .Do you know what that would entail if we read every bill that we passed?"^ If you want to know more, read the log retention FAQ (PDF)."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Congressman Conyers then answers his own rhetorical question, asserting that if they did it would "slow down the legislative process".[191] As a dramatic device, Moore then hired an ice-cream van and drove around Washington, D.C. with a loud speaker, reading out the Act to puzzled passers-by, which included a few Senators.^ If they fired it at him, then I would perhaps rethink my position, but I’d have to see more, and the information just isn’t out there yet.
  • Patterico's Pontifications » Student Protests Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

^ However, they would never have made those phone calls unless their own phones were ringing off the hook.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The kind of mother who would be all for locking up the neighbors kid for doing what her son did, but in this case her son is just "a good kid" who is playing around.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[192] However, Moore was not the only commentator to notice that not many people had read the Act — when Dahlia Lithwick and Julia Turne for Slate asked "How bad is Patriot, anyway?" they decided that it was "Hard to tell", and that
.
"The ACLU, in a new fact sheet challenging the DOJ Web site, wants you to believe that the act threatens our most basic civil liberties.^ But few critics are more stubborn than the librarians, who see it as an assault on such basic civil liberties as reading privacy and intellectual freedom."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You did back away from it somewhat, but you want to hang on to your basic argument for some reason.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link May 13, 2004 Website Posting on Patriot Act Case is Redacted From the ACLU press release, Judge Revises Sealing Order in Controversial Patriot Act Challenge , May 12: "A federal judge today revised a strict sealing order in a challenge to the Patriot Act's expanded "National Security Letter" power filed by the American Civil Liberties Union and the New York Civil Liberties Union.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ashcroft and his roadies call the changes in law 'modest and incremental.' .Since almost nobody has read the legislation, much of what we think we know about it comes third-hand and spun.^ You think about what that means and come to your own conclusions.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not sure about fifth-column arguments, as I've not really read much on the matter.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

Both advocates and opponents are guilty of fear-mongering and distortion in some instances."[193]
.Some television shows as NCIS, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit and Las Vegas have been keen to use the USA PATRIOT Act as a plot device, often for purposes it was not intended.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ USA Patriot Act isn't the issue.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[194][195]
.EPIC has criticized the law as unconstitutional, especially when "the private communications of law-abiding American citizens might be intercepted incidentally",[196] while the EFF hold that the lower standard applied to wiretaps "gives the FBI a 'blank check' to violate the communications privacy of countless innocent Americans".[197] Others do not find the roving wiretap legislation to be as concerning.^ Today, we will hear testimony on the need for these sections and on the concerns related to information sharing between the Intelligence Community and law enforcement."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When American citizens commit acts of violence against those who are, or are perceived to be, of Arab or Muslim descent, they should be punished to the full extent of the law.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The JUSTICE Act reforms include more effective checks on government searches of Americans personal records, the sneak and peek search provision of the PATRIOT Act, John Doe roving wiretaps and other overbroad authorities.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Professor David D. Cole of the Georgetown University Law Center, a critic of many of the provisions of the Act, found that though they come at a cost to privacy are a sensible measure[198] while Paul Rosenzweig, a Senior Legal Research Fellow in the Center for Legal and Judicial Studies at the Heritage Foundation, argues that roving wiretaps are just a response to rapidly changing communication technology that is not necessarily fixed to a specific location or device.^ This provision is modeled on the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 18 U.S.C. 3626, which terminated many prison-related consent decrees and which repeatedly has been upheld by the courts.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ He is referring, of course, to the controversial provision of the Patriot Act which provides for repeated tasing of any students who are slow to leave a university library.
  • Patterico's Pontifications » Student Protests Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

^ The bill adds to the USA PATRIOT Act many of the safeguards for library and reader privacy that have been sought by the library community since the passage of the law in 2001, including tougher requirements for searching library records under Section 215.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[199]
.The Act also allows access to voicemail through a search warrant rather than through a title III wiretap order.^ These sections address limitations to the use of wiretaps, search warrants for homes and businesses, and surveillance orders.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'd rather take my chances on the metro than allow the government to know what I'm reading.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The section also effectively allows a search warrant for other information retrievable from the device (whether or not related to the intercepted communications) to be combined with the electronic surveillance order, and makes conforming changes in the chapters relating to accessing stored communications and pen registers and trap and trace devices.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[200] .James Dempsey, of the CDT, believes that it unnecessarily overlooks the importance of notice under the Fourth Amendment and under a Title III wiretap,[201] and the EFF criticizes the provision's lack of notice.^ Notice of deferral of a report shall specify the provision of law, if any, under which the report would otherwise be submitted to Congress.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Perversely, this appears to be stricter than the standard for pen registers under Title III, which requires only that it be shown that the information "is relevant to an ongoing criminal investigation."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision indicates that Title III, Subtitle B may be referred to as the "Terrorist Identification Database Act of 2003."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.However, the EFF's criticism is more extensive — they believe that the amendment "is in possible violation of the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution" because previously if the FBI listened to voicemail illegally, it couldn't use the messages in evidence against the defendant.^ Permanent Link September 26, 2007 Court Rules Unconstitutional Two Provisions of FISA EFF: "Today, Judge Ann Aiken of the Oregon Federal District Court ruled that two provisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), "50 U.S.C. 1804 and 1823, as amended by the Patriot Act, are unconstitutional because they violate the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ U.S.C. 2284, or destroying an energy facility in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1366, there would be no possibility of imposing the death penalty under the statutes defining these offenses because they contain no death penalty authorizations.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I personally do not think that Tabatabainejad should sue UCLA UCPD, however I do think that each police officer that used a taser should be put on administrative leave and the policy on use of tasers should be more restrictive.
  • Patterico's Pontifications » Student Protests Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

[202] Others disagree with these assessments. Professor Orin Kerr, of the George Washington University school of law, believes that the ECPA "adopted a rather strange rule to regulate voicemail stored with service providers" because "under ECPA, if the government knew that there was one copy of an unopened private message in a person's bedroom and another copy on their remotely stored voicemail, it was illegal for the FBI to simply obtain the voicemail; the law actually compelled the police to invade the home and rifle through peoples' bedrooms so as not to disturb the more private voicemail." In Professor Kerr's opinion, this made little sense and the amendment that was made by the USA PATRIOT Act was reasonable and sensible.[203]
The USA PATRIOT Act's expansion of court jurisdiction to allow the nationwide service of search warrants proved controversial for the EFF.[204] They believe that agencies will be able to "'shop' for judges that have demonstrated a strong bias toward law enforcement with regard to search warrants, using only those judges least likely to say no—even if the warrant doesn't satisfy the strict requirements of the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution",[205] and that it reduces the likelihood that smaller ISPs or phone companies will try to protect the privacy of their clients by challenging the warrant in court — their reasoning is that "a small San Francisco ISP served with such a warrant is unlikely to have the resources to appear before the New York court that issued it."[205] They believe that this is bad because only the communications provider will be able to challenge the warrant as only they will know about it—many warrants are issued ex parte, which means that the target of the order is not present when the order is issued.[205]
.For a time, the USA PATRIOT Act allowed for agents to undertake "sneak and peek" searches.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ USA Patriot Act isn't the issue.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[51] .Critics such as EPIC and the ACLU strongly criticized the law for violating the Fourth Amendment,[206] with the ACLU going so far as to release an advertisement condemning it and calling for it to be repealed.^ And, my sensible argument, FOR THE THIRS time, is that USA PATRIOT ACT violates the Fourth Amendment.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Patriot Act violates the Fourth Amendment, and Senators had 4 years to ponder this, yet voted for it 89-11, why have you not written to your Senators about your concerns?
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In part, it makes conforming amendments in provisions affecting reimprisonment on revocation of supervised release based on violations of release conditions.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[207][208] .However supporters of the amendment, such as Heather Mac Donald, a fellow at the Manhattan Institute and contributing editor to the New York City Journal, expressed the belief that it was necessary because the temporary delay in notification of a search order stops terrorists from tipping off counterparts who are being investigated.^ As a result, a federal judge sitting in New York would be able to issue a search warrant that is valid in California in an investigation of a plot to bomb a building, but arguably could not issue the same warrant if the investigation concerned the raising of money to support terrorist operations.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(5) to extend the normal duration of electronic surveillance orders in investigations of terrorist activities from 30 days to 90 days.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ However, they specify no penalty for persons who make such unlawful disclosures.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[209] .In 2004, FBI agents used this provision to search and secretly examine the home of Brandon Mayfield, who was wrongfully jailed for two weeks on suspicion of involvement in the Madrid train bombings.^ These sections address limitations to the use of wiretaps, search warrants for homes and businesses, and surveillance orders.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FBI agents investigating a February 15 bomb hoax that evacuated the mechanical engineering building at Purdue University traced the phone call to the juvenile’s Oxford, North Carolina home, served his mother with a search warrant and arrested the teen.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The provision permits the FBI to prohibit anyone who receives an NSL from disclosing that the FBI has sought or obtained information from them."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While the U.S. Government did publicly apologize to Mayfield and his family,[210] Mayfield took it further through the courts.^ If the Government makes such an ex parte submission, the plaintiff shall be given an opportunity to make a submission to the court, not ex parte, and the court may, in its discretion, request further information from either party.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Government makes such an ex parte submission, the plaintiff shall be given an opportunity to make a submission to the court, not ex parte, and the court may, in its discretion, request further information from either party.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If the Government makes such an ex parte submission, the plaintiff shall be given an opportunity to make a submission to the court, not ex parte, and the court may, in its discretion, request further information from either party.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.On September 26, 2007, judge Ann Aiken found the law was, in fact, unconstitutional as the search was an unreasonable imposition on Mayfield and thus violated the Fourth Amendment.^ If he is found not-guilty then his innocence is ALSO a fact of law.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link September 26, 2007 Court Rules Unconstitutional Two Provisions of FISA EFF: "Today, Judge Ann Aiken of the Oregon Federal District Court ruled that two provisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), "50 U.S.C. 1804 and 1823, as amended by the Patriot Act, are unconstitutional because they violate the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sneak-and-peak search, through which the government is not obligated to inform a suspect of their actions until after the fact violates both the spirit and the letter of the fourth ammendment.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

[52][53]
.Laws governing the material support of terrorism proved contentious.^ Material support for terrorism.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The definition encompasses criminal acts of domestic and international terrorism as defined in 18 U.S.C. 2331, together with related preparatory, material support, and criminal activities.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Technical clarification relating to provision of material support to terrorism.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

It was criticized by the EFF for infringement of freedom of association. .The EFF argues that had this law been enacted during Apartheid, U.S. citizens would not have been able to support the African National Congress (ANC) as the EFF believe the ANC would have been classed as a terrorist organization.^ Specifically, an American could be expatriated if, with the intent to relinquish nationality, he becomes a member of, or provides material support to, a group that the United States has designated as a "terrorist organization," if that group is engaged in hostilities against the United States.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ However, under current law, "terrorist organizations" that have registered as taxexempt organizations under section 501 of the Internal Revenue Code can retain their taxexempt status.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This provision would amend 8 U.S.C. 1481 to make clear that, just as an American can relinquish his citizenship by serving in a hostile foreign army, so can he relinquish his citizenship by serving in a hostile terrorist organization.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.They also used the example of a humanitarian social worker being unable to train Hamas members how to care for civilian children orphaned in the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, a lawyer being unable to teach IRA members about international law, and peace workers being unable to offer training in effective peace negotiations or how to petition the United Nations regarding human rights abuses.^ Secretary of Transportation; and ``(2) any chemical or biological material or agent determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services or the Attorney General as being a threat to the national security of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Interface With Law Enforcement Databases.--The entry and exit data system described in this section shall be able to interface with law enforcement databases for use by Federal law enforcement to identify and detain individuals who pose a threat to the national security of the United States.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the diarist is STILL implying ("Eichmann had a lawyer") that the kid's rights to legal representation and due process are being denied.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[211] .Another group, the Humanitarian Law Project, also objected to the provision prohibiting "expert advise and assistance" to terrorists and filed a suit against the U.S. government to have it declared unconstitutional.^ Prohibition against harboring terrorists.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The court also found a broad gag provision in the law to be an "unconstitutional prior restraint" on free speech."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SPECIFIED TERRORIST ACTIVITY- For purposes of this subtitle, the term `specified terrorist activity' means any terrorist activity conducted against the Government or the people of the United States on September 11, 2001.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.They succeeded, and a Federal Court found that the law was vague enough to cause a reasonable person to guess whether they were breaking the law or not.^ Any person who engages in clandestine intelligence gathering activities for a foreign power would qualify as an "agent of a foreign power," regardless of whether those activities are federal crimes.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The court also found a broad gag provision in the law to be an "unconstitutional prior restraint" on free speech."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Little laws here, little laws there...soon enough they will be confiscating our guns, as they may be used in furtherance of terrorist ends, or some such nonsense.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thus they found it violated the First Amendment rights of U.S. citizens, and struck it down.^ The court found that the gag power was unconstitutional and that because the statute prevented courts from engaging in meaningful judicial review of gags, it violated the First Amendment and the principle of separation of powers."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First, as the parent of a college student, I know that some colleges are more aggressive in protecting students while they are on campus than local police might act with citizens.
  • Patterico's Pontifications » Student Protests Patriot Act 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC patterico.com [Source type: General]

^ Two lower federal courts, however, found the uncertainties, practices, and policies associated with the use of NSL authority contrary to the First Amendment right of freedom of speech, and thus brought into question the extent to which NSL authority could be used in the future.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[150][151]
.Perhaps one of the biggest controversies involved the use of NSLs by the FBI. Because they allow the FBI to search telephone, email, and financial records without a court order, they were criticized by many parties.^ NSA, which was struck down in the 6th circuit of the CA courts because no one could prove that they had been wrongfully surveyed.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link March 08, 2007 DOJ OIG Report Documents FBI Underreporting Use of National Security Letter The Blotter (ABC News): "The FBI repeatedly failed to follow the strict guidelines of the Patriot Act when its agents took advantage of a new provision allowing the FBI to obtain phone and financial records without a court order, according to a report to be made public Friday by the Justice Department's Inspector General."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The revised bill does not provide a meaningful ability to challenge an NSL or order of the FISA court."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[212][213][214][215] .In November 2005, BusinessWeek reported that the FBI had issued tens of thousands of NSLs and had obtained one million financial, credit, employment, and in some cases, health records from the customers of targeted Las Vegas businesses.^ Permanent Link Gov't Targeting Terrorists by Extensive Data Mining of Financial and Personal Data USAToday.com reports that up to eight data mining programs have been deployed by intelligence agencies to mine financial and personal records in an effort to identify potential terrorist activities.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The latter are the ones that may end up dead, and all because some money hungry school districts only care about the money and not the health of the students.
  • The Democratic Party | PartyBuilder | Democrats for the Repealing of the USA Patriot Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC my.democrats.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Kahle, who is also a member of EFF's Board of Directors, decided to fight the NSL because it exceeded the FBI's limited authority to issue such demands to libraries."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Selected businesses included casinos, storage warehouses and car rental agencies. .An anonymous Justice official claimed that such requests were permitted under section 505 of the USA PATRIOT Act and despite the volume of requests insisted "We are not inclined to ask courts to endorse fishing expeditions".[216] Before this was revealed, however, the ACLU challenged the constitutionality of NSLs in court.^ Section 505 of the USA PATRIOT Act expanded the circumstances under which an NSL could be used.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the title it appears that the claim of officials invoking the Patriot Act is a "Hoax".
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 505 of the PATRIOT Act, authorizing NSLs, still has no sunset.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In April 2004, they filed suit against the government on behalf of an unknown Internet Service Provider who had been issued an NSL, for reasons unknown.^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(6), which provides that an electronic surveillance order may require periodic progress reports to the judge who issued the order "at such intervals as .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Kahle, who is also a member of EFF's Board of Directors, decided to fight the NSL because it exceeded the FBI's limited authority to issue such demands to libraries."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A provider of a wire or electronic communication service, landlord, custodian, or other person who furnishes facilities or technical assistance pursuant to section 216 shall be reasonably compensated for such reasonable expenditures incurred in providing such facilities or assistance.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

In ACLU v. .DoJ, the ACLU argued that the NSL violated the First and Fourth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution because the USA PATRIOT Act failed to spell out any legal process whereby a telephone or Internet company could try to oppose an NSL subpoena in court.^ And, my sensible argument, FOR THE THIRS time, is that USA PATRIOT ACT violates the Fourth Amendment.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Congress in the USA PATRIOT Act are employed within the constraints of the Constitution.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The court agreed, and found that because the recipient of the subpoena could not challenge it in court it was unconstitutional.^ NSA, which was struck down in the 6th circuit of the CA courts because no one could prove that they had been wrongfully surveyed.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The court also found a broad gag provision in the law to be an "unconstitutional prior restraint" on free speech."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If recipients refuse to comply with subpoenas, the Justice Department would have to ask a court to enforce them.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

[133] .Congress later tried to remedy this in a reauthorization Act, but because they did not remove the non-disclosure provision a Federal court again found NSLs to be unconstitutional because they prevented courts from engaging in meaningful judicial review.^ The court found that the gag power was unconstitutional and that because the statute prevented courts from engaging in meaningful judicial review of gags, it violated the First Amendment and the principle of separation of powers."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NSA, which was struck down in the 6th circuit of the CA courts because no one could prove that they had been wrongfully surveyed.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link September 26, 2007 Court Rules Unconstitutional Two Provisions of FISA EFF: "Today, Judge Ann Aiken of the Oregon Federal District Court ruled that two provisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), "50 U.S.C. 1804 and 1823, as amended by the Patriot Act, are unconstitutional because they violate the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[217][218][219]
.Another provision of the USA PATRIOT Act has caused a great deal of consternation amongst librarians.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ USA Patriot Act isn't the issue.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Section 215 allows the FBI to apply for an order to produce materials that assist in an investigation undertaken to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities.^ United States person or to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ DISCLOSURE- Notwithstanding section 604 or any other provision of this title, a consumer reporting agency shall furnish a consumer report of a consumer and all other information in a consumer's file to a government agency authorized to conduct investigations of, or intelligence or counterintelligence activities or analysis related to, international terrorism when presented with a written certification by such government agency that such information is necessary for the agency's conduct or such investigation, activity or analysis.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Financial Records.--Section 1114(a)(5)(A) of the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3414(a)(5)(A)) is amended-- (1) by inserting ``in a position not lower than Deputy Assistant Director at Bureau headquarters or a Special Agent in Charge in a Bureau field office designated by the Director'' after ``designee''; and (2) by striking ``sought'' and all that follows and inserting ``sought for foreign counter intelligence purposes to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities, provided that such an investigation of a United States [[Page 115 STAT. 366]] person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

.Amongst the "tangible things" that could be targeted, it includes "books, records, papers, documents, and other items".[57] Supporters of the provision point out that these records are held by third-parties, and therefore are exempt from a citizen's reasonable expectations of privacy and also maintain that the FBI has not abused the provision.^ The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or a designee of the Director (whose rank shall be no lower than Assistant Special Agent in Charge) may make an application for an order requiring the production of any tangible things (including books, records, papers, documents, and other items) for an investigation to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities, provided that such investigation of a United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ AUTHORIZATION OF USE--In any investigation with respect an offense listed in section 2332b(g)(5)(B) or an offense involved in or related to international or domestic terrorism as defined in section 2331, the Attorney General may subpoena witnesses, compel the attendance and testimony of witnesses, and require the production of any records (including books, papers, documents, electronic data, and other tangible things that constitute or contain evidence) that he finds relevant or material to the investigation.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ FOR FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE AND INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM INVESTIGATIONS. ``(a)(1) The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation or a designee of the Director (whose rank shall be no lower than Assistant Special Agent in Charge) may make an application for an order requiring the production of any tangible things (including books, records, papers, documents, and other items) for an investigation to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities, provided that such investigation of a United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[220] .As proof, then Attorney General John Ashcroft released information in 2003 that showed that section 215 orders had never been used.^ This draft was written by the staff of Attorney General John Ashcroft .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conyers wrote Attorney General John Ashcroft on April 1, 2003 requesting information on these issues."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Permanent Link September 18, 2003 Ashcroft Relents on Releasing Info On Library Records Report on accessing library records to be open: "Countering charges that the FBI is snooping into America's reading habits, Attorney General John Ashcroft said yesterday that he would declassify a report on how often the agency has sought information from public libraries under the USA Patriot Act.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[221] .However, despite protestations to the contrary, the American Library Association strongly objected to the provision, believing that library records are fundamentally different to ordinary business records, and that the provision would have a chilling effect on free speech.^ Permanent Link November 06, 2003 Coalition of Booksellers, Publishers and Librarians Files Brief Challenging Patriot Act "On November 3, the American Booksellers Foundation for Free Expression and free speech groups representing librarians, publishers, writers and others filed a brief [in support of the ACLU's complaint filed July 30] that strongly supports a legal challenge to the constitutionality of the provision of the USA Patriot Act that gives the FBI virtually unlimited access to personal, organization and business records, including bookstore and library records.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ALA Library: Terrorist Sanctuary - "The American Library Association has signed up for battle in the War on Terrorism; unfortunately, it has signed up to fight the Bush Administration and the USA PATRIOT Act."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The court also found a broad gag provision in the law to be an "unconstitutional prior restraint" on free speech."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The association became so concerned that they formed a resolution condemning the USA PATRIOT Act, and which urged members to defend free speech and protect patrons' privacy.^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ USA Patriot Act isn't the issue.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Unsurprisingly, you're avoiding having to admit that the Patriot Act is actually working as it was intended and has kept America free of attacks for over 4 years.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

[222] .They urged librarians to seek legal advice before complying with a search order and advised their members to only keeping records for as long as was legally needed.^ RECORD-KEEPING- Subsection (b)(4) does not apply to education records subject to a court order under this subsection.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Record-keeping.--Subsection (b)(4) does not apply to education records subject to a court order under this subsection.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From the conference program : Lifting the Gag: Patron Privacy and the Patriot Act: "When a federal lifetime gag order prevented our speakers from revealing that the FBI had demanded library records, they refused to comply.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[223] .Consequently, reports started filtering in that librarians were shredding records to avoid having to comply with such orders.^ Amend 18 U.S.C. 2518(6), which provides that an electronic surveillance order may require periodic progress reports to the judge who issued the order "at such intervals as .
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The initial report shall include historical data on compliance with such reporting requirements.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Courts issued 2,208 such orders in 2007, compared to 1,839 in 2006, according to The 2007 Wiretap Report .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[224][225][226]
.Another controversial aspect of the USA PATRIOT Act is the immigration provisions that allow for the indefinite detention of any alien whom the Attorney General believes may cause a terrorist act.^ Drug-tunnel bust aided by controversial provision of USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

[116] .Before the USA PATRIOT Act was passed, Anita Ramasastry, an associate professor of law and a director of the Shidler Center for Law, Commerce, & Technology at the University of Washington School of Law in Seattle, Washington, accused the Act of depriving basic rights for immigrants to America, including legal permanent residents.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The patriot act WILL pass.
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.She warned that "Indefinite detention upon secret evidence — which the USA PATRIOT Act allows — sounds more like Taliban justice than ours.^ Justice Department regarding the USA PATRIOT Act and the war on terrorism.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "We have more to fear from terrorists than this act."
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Our claim that we are attempting to build an international coalition against terrorism will be severely undermined if we pass legislation allowing even citizens of our allies to be incarcerated without basic U.S. guarantees of fairness and justice."^ Moreover, in the current circumstances, domestic terrorists who attempt to ally with or are inspired to emulate international terrorists are an increasing concern.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ But for U.S. persons, the standard is much higher: in cases involving U.S. persons, pen registers are only available "to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ United States person or to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

[227] Many other parties have also been strongly critical of the provision. .Russell Feingold, in a Senate floor statement, claimed that the provision "falls short of meeting even basic constitutional standards of due process and fairness [as it] continues to allow the Attorney General to detain persons based on mere suspicion".[228] The University of California passed a resolution condemning (amongst other things) the indefinite detention provisions of the Act,[229] while the ACLU has accused the Act of giving the Attorney General "unprecedented new power to determine the fate of immigrants...^ Under a provision inserted without notice into the USA Patriot Act reauthorization last year, the law was changed so that if a vacancy arises, the Attorney General may appoint a replacement for an indefinite period of time thus completely avoiding the Senate confirmation process.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Statutory Construction.--The provisions of this section shall not be applicable to any other provision of this Act.''.
  • EFF: The USA PATRIOT Act 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC w2.eff.org [Source type: Original source]

^ CFTC INCLUDED- For purposes of this Act and any amendment made by this Act to any other provision of law, the term `Federal functional regulator' includes the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Worse, if the foreigner does not have a country that will accept them, they can be detained indefinitely without trial."^ This is a blog for serious discussion, not a support group for foreigners frustrated by their inability to adapt to the country they chose to immigrate to.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

[230]
.Another controversial aspect of the USA PATRIOT Act is its effect on the privacy of British Columbian citizens.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ USA Patriot Act isn't the issue.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.British Columbia’s privacy commissioner raises concerns that the USA PATRIOT Act will allow the United States government to access Canadians' private information, such as personal medical records, that are outsourced to American companies.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Whether or not the government is using the expanded powers provided by the USA PATRIOT Act in libraries, we must ask: Should the government have the power to obtain Americans' reading and other personal records without showing probable cause?"
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although the government of British Columbia has taken measures to prevent United States authorities from obtaining information, the widespread powers of the USA PATRIOT Act could overcome legislation that is passed in Canada.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The patriot act WILL pass.
  • Daily Kos: PATRIOT ACT - Live Blogging 10:35 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[231] .B.C. Privacy Commissioner David Loukidelis stated in a report on the consequences of the USA PATRIOT Act, “once information is sent across borders, it’s difficult, if not impossible, to control”.^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA Patriot Act isn't the issue.
  • Daily Kos: UPDATED Hoax: USA Patriot Act/NC teen 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

[232]
.In an effort to maintain their privacy, British Columbia placed amendments on the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FOIPPA), which was enacted as law on October 21, 2004. These amendments aim to place more firm limitations on “storing, accessing, and disclosing of B.C. public sector data by service providers.”[233] These laws only pertain to public sector data and do not cover trans-border or private sector data in Canada.^ (A) Where the law enforcement agency implementing an ex parte order under this subsection seeks to do so by installing and using its own pen register or trap and trace device on a packet-switched data network of a provider of electronic communication service to the public, the agency shall ensure that a record will be maintained which will identify-- `(i) any officer or officers who installed the device and any officer or officers who accessed the device to obtain information from the network; `(ii) the date and time the device was installed, the date and time the device was uninstalled, and the date, time, and duration of each time the device is accessed to obtain information; `(iii) the configuration of the device at the time of its installation and any subsequent modification thereof; and `(iv) any information which has been collected by the device.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Permanent Link January 17, 2003 Librarians Wrestle with Patriot Act and Data Privacy Issues A recent survey of how U.S. public librarians have responded to information requests from law enforcement as a result of the Patriot Act indicates that the community is divided in regard to protecting patron privacy.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Permanent Link September 08, 2003 Public Libraries Around the Country Protect Patron Privacy From Boston.com , another article focused on public library efforts to maintain the privacy of their patron's usage records: "The public library in Boulder, the home of the University of Colorado, has adopted one of the country's most aggressive policies to keep circulation records private.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The public sector establishments include an estimated 2,000 “government ministries, hospitals, boards of health, universities and colleges, school boards, municipal governments and certain Crown corporations and agencies.”[233]
.Legal action has been taken in Nova Scotia to protect the province from the USA PATRIOT Act’s data collecting methods.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I --and many others-- support gun ownership and oppose the USA PATRIOT ACT. I believe that this position is consistent with a small-government, individual-rights-centered mindset.
  • The Futurist: Patriot Act Renewed by 89-11 Senate Vote. People with Common Sense are Not Surprised 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC futurist.typepad.com [Source type: Original source]

.On November 15, 2007 the government of Nova Scotia passed a legislation aimed to protect Nova Scotians’ personal information from being brought forward by the USA PATRIOT Act.^ Section 215 of the USA Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fast forward to the Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ USA PATRIOT Act reform.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]

.The act was entitled “The new Personal Information International Disclosure Protection Act”.^ Section 427: Assets of Persons Committing Terrorist Acts Against Foreign Countries or International Organizations.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Bernard Sanders (I-VT) introduced a new bill on March 6, the Freedom to Read Protection Act , to exempt libraries and bookstores from Section 215 of the Patriot Act .
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But for U.S. persons, the standard is much higher: in cases involving U.S. persons, pen registers are only available "to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities."
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

.The goal of the act is to establish requirements to protect personal information from being revealed, as well as punishments for failing to do so.^ United States persons have a more protected status under FISA for certain purposes, such as dissemination of information.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ CDT believes there should be a more exacting standard for issuing NSLs and that prior judicial authorization should be required when sensitive personal information is sought."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nothing in this Act shall impose any additional technical obligation or requirement on a provider of a wire or electronic communication service or other person to furnish facilities or technical assistance.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

.Justice Minister Murray Scott stated, "This legislation will help ensure that Nova Scotians' personal information will be protected.^ For the first time, the report includes information regarding the total number of requests made by the Department of Justice with National Security Letter authority for information concerning U.S. persons.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ United States person is not conducted solely upon the basis of activities protected by the first amendment to the Constitution of the United States.'.
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sensenbrenner on the other hand, stated, "I am satisfied that the Department of Justice has produced answers that are sufficient for the Committees oversight and legislative efforts at this time.
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The act outlines the responsibilities of public bodies, municipalities and service providers and the consequences if these responsibilities are not fulfilled."^ ACCESS BY MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC TO OFF-SITE CONSEQUENCE ANALYSIS INFORMATION -- Except as provided in this clause, notwithstanding any other provision of law, no member of the public shall have access to offsite consequence analysis information.
  • Patriot II Draft Legislation 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.poptel.org.uk [Source type: Original source]
  • Patriot Act 2, Patriot Act II Draft Legislation Earthhope Action Network 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC earthhopenetwork.net [Source type: Original source]

^ These responses provide basic information regarding implementation of the USA-PATRIOT Act (Act) that will permit the Committee to understand how it is working in practice and to continue oversight of the use of these new authorities in the future."
  • beSpacific: Patriot Act Archives 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC www.bespacific.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (division C of Public Law 104-208; 110 Stat.
  • Patriot Act - WikiCongress 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC congress.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • USA PATRIOT Act (H.R. 3162) 2 February 2010 16:40 UTC epic.org [Source type: Original source]

[234]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Safe Act Co-Sponsors say PATRIOT Act Conference Report Unacceptable", Washington Times, November 5, 2005.
  2. ^ Full Text of Enrolled Bill H.R. 3162, GovTrack.us
  3. ^ H.R. 2975, THOMAS
  4. ^ S. 1510, THOMAS
  5. ^ 2001 Congressional Record, Vol. 147, Page S11020 (October 25, 2001)
  6. ^ 2001 Congressional Record, Vol. 147, Page S11021 (October 25, 2001)
  7. ^ 2001 Congressional Record, Vol. 147, Page S11022 (October 25, 2001)
  8. ^ 2001 Congressional Record, Vol. 147, Page S11022 (October 25, 2001)
  9. ^ H.R. 3162, THOMAS
  10. ^ a b 2001 Congressional Record, Vol. 147, Page S10991 (October 25, 2001)
  11. ^ "'Trust me' just doesn't fly". News (USA Today). http://www.usatoday.com/news/opinion/2005-04-12-patriot-act-our_x.htm. Retrieved July 11, 2008. "The conspiracies indictment disclosed Tuesday of three men already awaiting trial in England is a reminder that terrorism is a real threat, and most of the law is non-controversial." 
  12. ^ Steranko, Anastasia (September 19, 2003). "PATRIOT Act inspires discussion of civil liberties". The Pitt News. http://media.www.pittnews.com/media/storage/paper879/news/2003/09/19/News/Patriot.Act.Inspires.Discussion.Of.Civil.Liberties-1791796.shtml?sourcedomain=www.pittnews.com&MIIHost=media.collegepublisher.com. Retrieved July 11, 2008. 
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  35. ^ USA PATRIOT Act (U.S. H.R. 3162, Public Law 107-56), Title X, Sec. 1011 (b).
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  65. ^ USA PATRIOT Act (U.S. H.R. 3162, Public Law 107-56), Title III, Subtitle A, Sec. 311.
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  74. ^ Amendment made to 18 U.S.C. § 1956(c)(7)(B)(ii) — for some reason an extra parenthesis was inserted into 18 U.S.C. § 1956(c)(7)(B)(iii), according to Cornell University, this was probably mistakenly added by law makers
  75. ^ Illegal export of controlled munitions is defined in the United States Munitions List, which is part of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. § 2778)
  76. ^ See 18 U.S.C. § 922(l) and 18 U.S.C. § 925(d)
  77. ^ Defined in 15 CFR 730–774
  78. ^ a b USA PATRIOT Act (U.S. H.R. 3162, Public Law 107-56), Title III, Subtitle A, Sec. 315.
  79. ^ Defined in 18 U.S.C. § 541
  80. ^ Defined in 18 U.S.C. § 1030
  81. ^ USA PATRIOT Act (U.S. H.R. 3162, Public Law 107-56), Title III, Subtitle A, Sec. 320. Amended 18 U.S.C. § 981(A)(1)(B)
  82. ^ a b USA PATRIOT Act (U.S. H.R. 3162, Public Law 107-56), Title III, Subtitle A, Sec. 323. Amended 28 U.S.C. § 2467
  83. ^ Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 983(j)
  84. ^ 28 U.S.C. § 2467(d)(3)(A)
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  98. ^ USA PATRIOT Act (U.S. H.R. 3162, Public Law 107-56), Title III, Subtitle C, Sec. 371.
  99. ^ So defined in 31 U.S.C. § 5313, 31 U.S.C. § 5316 and 31 U.S.C. § 5324
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  118. ^ 8 U.S.C. § 1372(a)
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  143. ^ USA PATRIOT Act (U.S. H.R. 3162, Public Law 107-56), Title VIII, Sec. 813. Amended 18 U.S.C. § 1961(1)
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  148. ^ USA PATRIOT Act (U.S. H.R. 3162, Public Law 107-56), Title VIII, Sec. 806. Amends 18 U.S.C. § 981
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