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Uss Catskill 1862.jpg
The officers of the USS Catskill posing on deck and atop the turret, while the ship was in Charleston harbor, SC, circa 1865. Note the Dahlgren 12-pounder deck howitzers.
Career United States Navy Jack
Builder: Continental Iron Works
Laid down: 1862
Launched: 16 December 1862
Commissioned: 24 February 1863
Decommissioned: 22 September 1898
Renamed: USS Goliath, 15 June 1869
USS Catskill, 10 August 1869
Fate: sold, 4 December 1901
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,335  tons
Length: 200 ft (61 m) overall
Beam: 46 ft (14 m)
Draught: 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)
Propulsion: 2 Martin boilers, 1-shaft Ericsson vibrating lever engine, 320  ihp (235  kW)
Speed: 7 knots
Complement: 87
Armament: 1 × 15  in (381  mm) smoothbore
1 × 11  in (279  mm) Dahlgren smoothbore
2 &times 12-pounder Dahlgren deck howitzers (picket duty only)
Armor: Iron
Side: 5 - 3  in (12.7 - 7.6  cm)
Turret: 11  in (27.9  cm)
Pilothouse: 8  in (20.3  cm)
Deck: 1  in (2.5  cm)

USS Catskill (1862) was a monitor that served the U.S. Navy during the American Civil War in the Union blockade of the Confederate States of America. She continued to serve the Navy after the war’s end until decommissioned in 1898 after the completion of the Spanish-American War.

Contents

Built in Greenpoint, New York, in 1862

USS Catskill, a single-turreted Passaic-class monitor, was launched 16 December 1862 by Continental Iron Works, Greenpoint, N.Y.; outfitted at New York Navy Yard; commissioned 24 February 1863, Commander George W. Rodgers in command; and reported to the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

Civil War Operations

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Assigned to the South Atlantic blockade

Catskill reported for duty at Port Royal, S.C., on 5 March 1863, and for the remainder of the war operated intensively on the blockade off Charleston, S.C.. Catskill was damaged by Confederate gunfire during the 7 April 1863 attack on Fort Sumter that demonstrated both the strengths of well-defended fortifications and the limitations of monitor-type ironclads. That began the lengthy series of operations against the strongly fortified and stoutly defended harbor.

July–September 1863 Catskill repeatedly took part in attacks on the batteries and forts protecting Charleston from the sea. She also cruised on picket duty, guarding other ships of the squadron from the determined and ingenious attacks launched against them, and patrolling constantly against blockade runners.

Commanding officer killed in action

Catskill's commanding officer, Commander George Washington Rodgers, was killed in action 17 August 1863, while directing the fire of his ship against Charleston's forts. The ship was hit by Confederate gunfire on several occasions, but skillful work by her crew—under the command of Lieutenant Commander Edward Barrett—returned her to action without returning for repairs.

Catskill destroyed the grounded blockade runner Prince Albert off Fort Moultrie on 9 August 1864. When Charleston was evacuated, on 18 February 1865, she boarded and took possession of the grounded blockade runner, Deer, and later in that day raised the flag over another grounded steamer, Celt.

Post-Civil War service

Relieved from duty, Catskill cleared Charleston 13 July 1865, and sailed to the Philadelphia Navy Yard, where she was decommissioned 26 July 1865. Here she remained in ordinary until 1873. During that time she was briefly renamed Goliath (15 June–10 August 1869). Repaired at New York during 1874 and 1875, Catskill joined the North Atlantic Squadron, with whom she cruised along the northeast coast between 4 March 1876 and 5 November 1877. From 1878 to 1895, Catskill was in ordinary at various anchorages in Virginia, and from 1895 to 1898, in ordinary at Philadelphia's League Island Navy Yard.

Spanish-American War service

Upon the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Catskill was one of the craft recommissioned for patrol duty in New England waters, thus releasing more modern ships for active fighting. This period of commission lasted from 16 April 1898 to 22 September 1898, after which Catskill returned to League Island until sold 4 December 1901.

References

  • This article contains text from the US Naval Historical Center.
  • This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
  • Additional technical data from Gardiner, Robert (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905. Conway Maritime Press. p. 120. ISBN 0 85177 133 5.  

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