USS Harry S. Truman (CVN-75): Wikis

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USS Harry S. Truman alongside oiler USNS John Lenthall (T-AO-189) in the Mediterranean Sea
USS Harry S. Truman alongside MSC oiler USNS John Lenthall in the Mediterranean Sea
Career (United States)
Name: USS Harry S. Truman
Namesake: Harry S. Truman
Operator:  United States Navy
Ordered: 30 June 1988
Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding
Cost: US$4.5 billion
Laid down: 29 November 1993
Launched: 7 September 1996
Commissioned: 25 July 1998
Homeport: NS Norfolk, Virginia
Motto: The Buck Stops Here
Nickname: HST
Status: in active service, as of 2010
Badge: CVN75 Crest full.jpg
General characteristics
Class and type: Nimitz-class aircraft carrier
Displacement: Approximately 101,000 long tons (103,000 t) full load
Length: Overall: 1,092 feet (332.8 m)
Waterline: 1,040 feet (317.0 m)
Beam: Overall: 252 ft (76.8 m)
Waterline: 134 ft (40.8 m)
Draft: Maximum navigational: 37 ft (11.3 m)
Limit: 41 ft (12.5 m)
Propulsion: 2 × Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors
4 × steam turbines
4 × shafts
260,000 shp (194 MW)
Speed: 30+ knots (56+ km/h; 35+ mph)
Range: Essentially unlimited distance; 20 years
Complement: Ship's company: 3,200
Air wing: 2,480
Sensors and
processing systems:
AN/SPS-48E 3-D air search radar
AN/SPS-49(V)5 2-D air search radar
AN/SPQ-9B target acquisition radar
AN/SPN-46 air traffic control radars
AN/SPN-43C air traffic control radar
AN/SPN-41 landing aid radars
4 × Mk 91 NSSM guidance systems
4 × Mk 95 radars
Electronic warfare
and decoys:
SLQ-32A(V)4 Countermeasures suite
SLQ-25A Nixie torpedo countermeasures
Armament: 2 × Mk 57 Mod3 Sea Sparrow
2 × RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile
3 × Phalanx CIWS
Armor: Classified
Aircraft carried: 90 fixed wing and helicopters

USS Harry S. Truman (CVN-75) is the eighth Nimitz-class supercarrier of the United States Navy, named after the 33rd President of the United States, Harry S. Truman. HST's callsign is Lone Warrior and she is currently homeported at Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia.

Contents

Description

Harry Truman (also known as HST within the Navy) is 1,092 ft (333 m) long, 257 ft (78 m) wide and is as high as a twenty-four-story building, at 244 feet (74 m). The super carrier can accommodate approximately 80 aircraft and has a flight deck 4.5 acres (18,000 m²) in size, using four elevators that are 3,880 ft² (360 m²) each to move planes between the flight deck and the hangar bay. With a combat load, HST displaces almost 97,000 tons and can accommodate 6,250 crewmembers. Her four distilling units can make 400,000 U.S. gallons (1,500 m³) of potable water a day; her food service divisions serve 18,000 meals per day. There are over 2,500 compartments on board requiring 2,520 tons (2.1 MW) of air conditioning capacity (enough to cool over 2,000 homes). The warship uses two Mark II stockless anchors that came from USS Forrestal[1] and weigh 30 tons each, with each link of the anchor chain weighing 360 pounds (160 kg). She is currently equipped with 3 20 mm Phalanx CIWS mounts and 2 Sea Sparrow SAM launchers. The ship cost over $4.5 billion in 2007 dollars to manufacture.

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Propulsion

Two Westinghouse A4W nuclear reactors are used for propulsion (the ship is capable of steaming more than three million miles before refueling) turning 4 five-bladed screws that weigh 66,220 pounds (30 t) each driving the ship at speeds over 30 knots (56 km/h).

Recreation

While underway, the ship has its own daily newspaper, the "Give 'em Hell Herald",[2] and its own weekly television newscast, "The Lookout".[citation needed] In addition, the ship's Morale, Welfare & Recreation (MWR) division collaborates with the public affairs office (PAO) to telecast bingo contests for the crew that award as much as $1,000 and several prizes.

Awards

Harry S. Truman has been the recipient of numerous awards recognizing the ship's excellence. They include

Ship's seal and battle flag

The oval seal was designed by the ship's pre-commissioning crew and is primarily blue and gold. According to the ship's history webpage, a coat of arms "characterizes the global on-station capability of the ship and the United States Navy" and "Truman's name forms the shape of a forward-deployed aircraft carrier prepared to uphold and protect American interests".[10] The three flags near the bottom represent the letters "HST".

The Truman battle flag was also designed by the ship's crew and is a variation of the guidons carried by the companies of the 129th Field Artillery Regiment of the 35th Infantry Division, such as Battery D, the battery under the command of then Army Capt. Harry Truman during World War I. It consists of crossed cannons on a scarlet background with the phrase "Give 'em hell", a reference to Truman's 1948 re-election campaign.

Ship history

Pre-commissioning and construction

A cover for the Keel Laying of CVN-75 showing her keel was laid as USS United States

The keel was laid by Newport News Shipbuilding on 29 November 1993 and the ship was christened on 7 September 1996[10]. HST was authorized and laid down as USS United States but her name was changed in February 1995 at the direction of then Secretary of the Navy John H. Dalton.

Three Newport News shipworkers died during construction when a pump room filled with methane and hydrogen sulfide gases during a sewage leak on Saturday, 12 July 1997. They are commemorated by a brass plaque in the tunnel off Hangar Bay #1. The ship was christened on 7 September 1996, launched 13 September 1996, and the crew began moving aboard from contract housing in Newport News in January 1998. The ship successfully completed builder's sea trial on 11 June 1998 after a short delay due to noise issues in one of the reactor closure heads. The ship was officially accepted by the Navy on 30 June 1998 and was commissioned on 25 July 1998 at Naval Station Norfolk.

Commissioning

The keynote speaker of the commissioning ceremony was President Bill Clinton. Other notable attendees and speakers were: Rep. Ike Skelton, D-Mo., who pushed to have the carrier named after the 33rd president; Missouri Governor Mel Carnahan; Captain Thomas Otterbein, Truman’s first commanding officer; Secretary of Defense William Cohen; and Secretary of the Navy John H. Dalton.

1998-1999

Truman got underway for the first time as a U.S. Navy carrier in August 1998 to conduct flight deck certifications, an evolution designed to test the ship’s ability to successfully launch and recover aircraft. That was followed by numerous at sea periods for various training evolutions.

2000 Maiden deployment

The Maiden deployment of Harry S. Truman began on 28 November 2000 with Carrier Air Wing 3 (CVW-3) embarked. After transiting the Suez Canal, the air wing flew 869 combat sorties in support of Operation Southern Watch (OSW), including a strike on Iraqi integrated air defense system sites on Feb. 16, 2001, in a sanctioned response to Iraqi surface-to-air missile fire against United Nations Security Council coalition forces.[10] Combat operations ended on 27 April and the ship returned to the U.S. on 23 May 2001. She then entered Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth, Va., for her first Planned Incremental Availability (PIA) on September 5.

2002-2003

HST deployed on her second deployment on 5 December 2002, again with CVW-3 embarked,[11] visiting Marseille, France, Souda Bay, Crete and Koper, Slovenia[12] Between 19 March and 18 April, airwing aircraft flew nearly 1,300 combat sorties from the Mediterranean Sea in the early stages of 2003 invasion of Iraq.[13][14][15] The ship stopped in Portsmouth, England, before returning to Norfolk on 23 May 2003. Truman conducted her second Planned Incremental Availability at Norfolk Naval Shipyard from August 2003 to 13 February 2004.

2004-2005

The ship anchors outside Portsmouth, England, while her crew enjoy a port visit.

On 2 June 2004, HST "surged"[16] for Summer Pulse 04, deploying to the Mediterranean Sea in support of the Navy's Fleet Response Plan. The ship ported in Naples, Italy, and participated in Operation Majestic Eagle in the eastern Atlantic Ocean before returning home on 25 July.[17]

The ship set out from Norfolk on her third extended deployment on 13 October 2004, and visited Souda Bay, Crete, before relieving USS John F. Kennedy on 20 November in the Persian Gulf.

Truman and Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 3 launched 2,577 sorties, totaling nearly 13,000 flight hours, in support of OIF and maritime security operations (MSO) before being relieved by USS Carl Vinson Carrier Strike Group in the Persian Gulf on March 19, 2005. Despite plans to cross the equator and visit South Africa, diplomatic issues caused her instead to transit the Suez Canal, stopping in Portsmouth, England, prior to returning home on 19 April 2005.

On 1 September 2005, in response to the disaster of Hurricane Katrina, Truman set sail for the devastated U.S. Gulf Coast. She arrived in the Gulf of Mexico on 4 September and served as the flagship for the Naval task force. While the ship's strike group (Carrier Strike Group 10) commander, Rear Adm. Joseph Kilkenny, was appointed deputy commander of Joint Task Force (JTF) Gulf Coast (also known as JTF Katrina & Rita), the ship remained anchored in the gulf and provided fresh desalinated water for the relief effort via helicopter. (The actual command hub for the JTF was USS Iwo Jima). The carrier also provided support to JRB New Orleans in the form of aviation boatswain's mates and cooks to keep that station in operation.[18] Harry S. Truman returned to home port in October 2005 after five weeks of relief efforts.

Harry S. Truman in the Elizabeth River near Norfolk Naval Shipyard in 2004.

2006

Harry S. Truman entered the Norfolk Naval Shipyard for a Docked Planned Incremental Availability in January 2006.[19] The ship received many system upgrades, and underwent preventative maintenance to repair minor weld defects originating from the initial construction of the reactor plants. She left the yard in December 2006 and continued preparations for surge beginning in April 2007.

2007

On 15 August 2007, an E-2C Hawkeye crashed after taking off from the carrier, killing all three crewmembers. On 5 November 2007 Harry S. Truman left Norfolk for her fourth extended deployment with CVW-3 embarked in support of OIF.

2008

HST returned to the US on 4 June 2008.[20]. She first pulled into port in Naval Station Mayport, Florida in order to welcome aboard family and friends for a three day "Tiger Cruise", before returning to Norfolk Naval Station on 4 June 2008.[21] The ship was awarded her fourth Battle E award for the east coast (for 2008) in early 2009.

2009

HST completed a nearly seven-month Planned Incremental Availability (PIA) at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth, VA in February 2009.[22]

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 36°57′32″N 76°19′42″W / 36.9589°N 76.3284°W / 36.9589; -76.3284


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