Uaxactun: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Uaxactun (pronounced [waʃakˈtun]) is an ancient ruin of the Maya civilization, located in the Petén Basin region of the Maya lowlands, in the present-day department of Petén, Guatemala. The site lies some 12 miles (19 km) north of the major center of Tikal.[1] The name is sometimes spelled as Waxaktun.

North Face of the Temple of Masks, E Group Uaxactun

With recent achievements in the decipherment of the ancient Maya hieroglyphic writing system, it has been determined that the ancient name for this site was something like Siaan K'aan or "Born in Heaven". The name "Uaxactun" was given to the site by its rediscoverer, United States archeologist Sylvanus Morley, in May 1916. He coined the name from Maya words Waxac and Tun, to mean "Eight Stones". The name has two meanings; the Morley's stated reason for the name was to commemorate it as the first site where an inscription dating from the 8th Baktún of the Maya calendar was discovered (making it then the earliest known Maya date). The other meaning is a pun, since "Uaxactun" sounds like "Washington", the U.S. Capital and home of the Carnegie Institute which funded Morley's explorations.

Morley's initial investigation of the site mostly focused on the hieroglyphic inscriptions, after this Uaxactun was not visited again until 1924, when Frans Blom made a more detailed investigation of the structures and mapped the site. The Carnegie Institution conducted archeological excavations here from 1926 through 1937, led by Oliver Ricketson. The excavations added greatly to knowledge of the early Classic and pre-Classic Maya. The remains of several badly ruined late Classic era temple-pyramids were removed, revealing well preserved earlier temples underneath them.

Group E view from the temple of masks at Uaxactun.
Ballcourt at Uaxactun.

For most of the Carnegie team's time at Uaxactun, communication with the outside world was via a 4 day mule convoy to El Cayo, British Honduras. Towards the end of the time an airstrip was opened up. Flights to Uaxactun continued and a small village grew here, as it became a center for gathering of chicle sap from the Peten jungle. In 1940 A.L. Smith and Ed Shook of the Carnegie project returned to make some additional excavations. In the late 1970s a rough road was opened up, connecting Uaxactun to Tikal and thence to Flores, Guatemala. Airflights were discontinued. In 1984 the road was much improved. Shook returned again in 1974 to oversee consolidation and restoration of some architecture excavated earlier. In 1982 Guatemala's Tikal National Park was expanded to included the ruins of Uaxactun within its protected area.

Contents

A war of conquest: Tikal against Uaxactun (378 AD)

Linda Schele, in A Forest of Kings devotes an entire chapter to a war between Tikal and Uaxactun, in which Uaxactun was defeated by forces led by Fire is Born[2] (Siyaj K'ak', formerly identified as Smoking Frog)[3] of Tikal. In this chapter, she also gives a brief overview of the known history of Uaxactun up to the final year of the war (378AD) and of the Uaxactun kings who claimed descent from Fire is Born. The combined political entity of Tikal/Uaxactun dominated the Guatemalan Peten for the following 180 years.

Notes

  1. ^ Martin & Grube 2000, p.30.
  2. ^ Gugliotta, Guy. "The Maya Glory and Ruin: The Kingmaker". National Geographic 212 (2) (August 2007), pp.74–85.
  3. ^ ibid..

References

Martin, Simon; and Nikolai Grube (2000). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya. London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05103-8. OCLC 47358325.  
Schele, Linda; and David Freidel (1990). A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya. New York: William Morrow. ISBN 0-688-07456-1. OCLC 21295769.  
Sharer, Robert J.; with Loa P. Traxler (2006). The Ancient Maya (6th edition (fully revised) ed.). Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-4816-0. OCLC 28067148.  

External links

Coordinates: 17°23′36.82″N 89°38′4.32″W / 17.3935611°N 89.6345333°W / 17.3935611; -89.6345333

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Uaxactun is in Peten of Guatemala.

Understand

Landscape

Jungle

Flora and fauna

Howler Monkeys, Spider Monkeys, Ant-Eaters, Birds.

Climate

Tropical

Get in

Take a bus from Tikal at 4pm (Q15, $2 US) or drive, if you're driving your own vehicle you need to get permission from the Tikal administration office first. I think a mountain bike could be a good option here also, but I don´t know if they´ll give you permission or not, from Tikal it is 23KM. The bus returns at 6am, so you´ll need to spend the night if you go by bus.

Fees/Permits

Entry is Q25 or $3.50 US (May 2008). Bus Q15 ($2 US - I´m not sure if that´s return or one way).

Get around

Walk

See

Mayan Ruins, Animals, Birds.

Do

Take Photos

Buy

Nothing

Eat

What you bring

Drink

What you bring

Sleep

In your hammock or tent

Camping

In your hammock or tent

Stay safe

Carry a hiking stick, if you don´t use it for hiking it might be useful to defend yourself from wild animals!

Get out

Bus (6am) or private transport.

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