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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ubuntu may refer to:

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

Ubuntu is a Linux distribution based on Debian GNU/Linux. It has been fairly successful as a way for Windows® users to migrate to Linux. There are Live CD versions which allow later installation and versions meant only for installations.


Getting Ubuntu

Download an ISO file from and burn a CD.

Ubuntu variants

  • Kubuntu - Ubuntu running KDE.
  • Xubuntu (Ubuntu running Xfce, [[1]] designed for older computers - runs fine with 256MB of memory)
  • [[2]] uses even less RAM; LXDE
  • Edubuntu
  • Ubuntu Studio
  • Installation on low memory systems [[3]]
  • SimplyMEPIS - Based on Ubuntu.

Installation help

Step by Step installation of Ubuntu.

  • [4] Community Documentation
  • [5] playing proprietary formats
  • Add/Remove.... to install Sun Java 6 Console and Sun Java 6 Web Start or follow [6]
  • [7] Step-by-step guide for server installation

External links

Wikipedia-logo.png Run a search on Ubuntu at Wikipedia.
Commons-logo.svg Search Wikimedia Commons for images, sounds and other media related to: Ubuntu
Wikimedia-logo.svg Search for Ubuntu on the following projects:
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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also ubuntu


Proper noun

Wikipedia has an article on:





  1. (Linux) A free community-developed Linux distribution based on Debian.


Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Using Ubuntu Linux article)

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection

The purpose of this book is to provide a complete reference & guide for all things related to Ubuntu GNU/Linux.


Introduction for new users: An introduction for people new to/unfamiliar with computers
Introduction for Windows users: An introduction for computer users familiar to the windows operating system
Introduction for Mac users: Yes, Linux can be cool too
Introduction for Ubuntu users: The secret handshake
Introduction for users of other Linux distributions: Comrades, welcome!
Introduction for users of Unix and/or Unix-like operating systems: Family ties...
Introduction for users of other operating systems: If you belong in this category, boy are you strange!
Introduction for other: An introduction for everybody not covered in any of the introductions listed above...

Ubuntu Variations: Distros & sub-distros

How to choose the right one

Getting Started

Live Boot

First Boot

Settings & How to Use Them

General Use: The basics

Network: Schools, computer labs, offices, etc

Specialized Uses

Business/Enterprise: NOT the starship
Computer Lab
Stripped Down
For Older/Lower-Powered Systems


Software Categories
Core Ubuntu Components
Other Software



Help & Support

About Ubuntu

Primary Developers
Mark Shuttleworth
The Ubuntu Foundation
The Ubuntu Community
Help & Support
Get Involved

Ubuntu History & Origins: Ubuntu lore

Ubuntu, The Word: The OTHER Ubuntu
Ubuntu Linux: The software
The Roots of Ubuntu Linux
Pre-Linux: The history of the universe through Multics, Unics, Unix, & Unix-like operating systems, up to the time of Linus Torvalds... or, whatever happened to PlanKalkül?
Gnu/Linux: Richard Stallman, this is for you...
Ubuntu: Let there be earth tones & a birth to the sound of drums...


Ubuntu & Ubuntu-Derived Distributions
Canonical: The official canon
Ubuntu Studio
Impi Linux
Deuterocanonical & Semi-Canon: Distros with some connection to Canonical; business, commercial agreements, etc.
Dell Ubuntu
Other: The apocrypha & various heresies
Former: The dead, the dying, & the wretched exiles
Ubuntu Distro D.I.Y.: make your own


Components of Ubuntu

Lists: The list of lists

Master List of Concise Wisdom: Advice, f.a.q.'s, help & how to's, tips, tricks, & warnings....
Master List of Ubuntu & Ubuntu-Based Distributions
Master List of Ubuntu Releases
Master List of Links






Simple English

[[File:|Ubuntu logo|200px]]
File:Ubuntu 10.
Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)
Company / developer Canonical Ltd. / Ubuntu Foundation
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source
Initial release October 20 2004 (2004-10-20)
Latest stable release


/ October 10 2010 (2010-10-10); 138 days ago[1]
Available language(s) Multilingual (more than 55)
Update method APT (front-ends available)
Package manager dpkg (front-ends like Synaptic available)
Supported platforms IA-32, x86-64), lpia, SPARC, PowerPC, ARM, IA-64
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Default user interface GNOME
License Mainly the GNU GPL / plus various other licenses

Ubuntu is a free operating system that uses the Linux kernel. The word "ubuntu" is an old African word meaning "humanity." [2] It is pronounced "oo-boon-too."

It is one of the most popular Linux distributions and it is based on Debian Linux. The goal with Ubuntu is to make it easy to use and install onto a computer. Ubuntu can be used on all types of personal computers. Ubuntu is downloaded as a CD, which is free to download on the Ubuntu website. It can be installed or tested by running the CD.

Started in 2004, Ubuntu has been developed at a fast rate by Canonical Ltd., a company owned by a wealthy South African man by the name of Mark Shuttleworth.


Packages and Software support

Ubuntu 8.04 CD

Ubuntu splits all software into four different categories to show differences in licensing and the amount of support available.[3] They are:

free softwarenon-free software
supported Main Restricted
unsupported Universe Multiverse

Free software here includes only software that meets the Ubuntu licensing requirements,[4] which almost are the same to the Debian Free Software Guidelines. There is one difference for the Main category, however — it has firmware and fonts which cannot be changed, but are included if Ubuntu will not work right.[3]

Non-free software is usually unsupported (Multiverse), but some exceptions (Restricted) are given for very important non-free software. Supported non-free software include device drivers that are needed to run Ubuntu on current hardware. The level of support in the Restricted category is less than that of Main, since the developers may not be able to get to the source code. It is wanted that Main and Restricted should contain all the software needed for a general-use Linux system.

Besides the official repositories is Ubuntu Backports,[5] which is an officially known project to backport newer software from later versions of Ubuntu. The repository is not comprehensive (meaning that it has parts missing from it); it is mostly made up of user-requested packages, which are accepted if they meet quality guidelines.


Version Date Name More Information
4.10 20 October 2004 Warty Warthog First version
5.04 8 April 2005 Hoary Hedgehog First "Kubuntu" created
5.10 13 October 2005[6][7] Breezy Badger First "Edubuntu"
6.06 1 June 2006[8][9] Dapper Drake LTS-version, First "Xubuntu" created
6.06.1 August 2006 Dapper Drake Point One LTS-version, 1st Update
6.06.2 January 2008 Dapper Drake Point Two LTS-version, 2nd Update
6.10 26 October 2006[10][11] Edgy Eft experimental version
7.04 19 April 2007[12] Feisty Fawn
7.10 18 October 2007 Gutsy Gibbon First "Gobuntu" created
8.04 24 April 2008 Hardy Heron LTS-version
8.04.1 June 2008 Hardy Heron Point One LTS-version, 1st Update
8.10 27 October 2008[13] Intrepid Ibex
9.04 23 April 2009 Jaunty Jackalope
9.10 29 October 2009 Karmic Koala
10.04 29 April 2010 Lucid Lynx LTS-version
10.10 10 October 2010 Maverick Meerkat
11.04 28 April 2011 Natty Narwhal Not released yet

LTS denotes Long Term Support


[[File:|thumb|right|Kubuntu is an official variant of the Ubuntu distribution which uses KDE rather than GNOME]]

Super OS is an un-official remaster

Because there are several options for which desktop environment to use, Ubuntu is available in many different variants.

The official sister distributions which are fully supported by Canonical are:[14]

  • Kubuntu, a desktop distribution using KDE rather than GNOME
  • Edubuntu, a distribution designed for classrooms using GNOME
  • Ubuntu Server Edition
  • Ubuntu MID Edition, an Ubuntu edition that targets Mobile Internet Devices.[15]
  • Ubuntu Netbook Remix,[16][17] designed for ultra-portables including the ASUS Eee PC,[18] Dell Inspiron Mini Series,[19] and the Acer Aspire One.[20]

Derivatives that are recognized but not supported by Canonical are:[14]

  • Xubuntu, a "lightweight" distribution based on the Xfce desktop environment instead of GNOME, designed to run better on low-specification computers.
  • Gobuntu, a flavour of Ubuntu that strives to be completely devoid of software, drivers or firmware with restrictive licenses.
  • Mythbuntu, a multimedia platform based on MythTV
  • Ubuntu Studio, a multimedia-creation form of Ubuntu
  • Ubuntu JeOS (pronounced as "juice"), is described as "an efficient variant ... configured specifically for virtual appliances".[21]

Other pages


  2. "uBuntu - Its Meaning". Ubuntu Peace Project. Retrieved 2008-12-14. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "ubuntu/components". Retrieved 2006-03-16. 
  4. "ubuntu/licensing". Retrieved 2006-06-29. 
  5. "UbuntuBackports". Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  6. "Ubuntu 5.10 announcement". Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  7. "Ubuntu 5.10 release notes". Retrieved 2006-12-21. 
  8. "Ubuntu 6.06 announcement". Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  9. "Ubuntu 6.06 release notes". Retrieved 2006-12-21. 
  10. "Ubuntu 6.10 announcement". Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  11. "Ubuntu 6.10 release notes". Retrieved 2006-12-21. 
  12. "Ubuntu 7.04 announcement". Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Derivatives". Retrieved 2009-01-13. 
  15. "Ubuntu Mobile". Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  16. "Ubuntu to announce its mobile Linux in June". Retrieved 2008-08-19. 
  17. "Ubuntu Netbook Remix". Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  18. "Ubuntu Netbook Remix On Dell Mini 9". Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
  19. "Ubuntu Netbook Remix on Asus EEE PC". Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
  20. "Ubuntu Netbook Remix on Acer Aspire One". Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
  21. "Ubuntu JeOS 7.10 released". Retrieved 2008-06-10. 

Other websites

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