Uddevalla: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Uddevalla
Overlooking the centre of Uddevalla
Uddevalla is located in Sweden
Uddevalla
Coordinates: 58¬į21‚Ä≤N 11¬į55‚Ä≤EÔĽŅ / ÔĽŅ58.35¬įN 11.917¬įEÔĽŅ / 58.35; 11.917Coordinates: 58¬į21‚Ä≤N 11¬į55‚Ä≤EÔĽŅ / ÔĽŅ58.35¬įN 11.917¬įEÔĽŅ / 58.35; 11.917
Country Sweden
Province Bohuslän
County Västra Götaland County
Municipality Uddevalla Municipality
Area [1]
 - Total 16.92 km2 (6.5 sq mi)
Population (2005-12-31)[1]
 - Total 30,513
 Density 1,804/km2 (4,672.3/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Uddevalla is a city and the seat of Uddevalla Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden with 30,513 inhabitants in 2005.[1]

It is located at the bay Byfjorden, of the south-eastern part of the sea known as Skagerrak. The beaches of Uddevalla are filled with seashells, and Uddevalla has one of the largest shellbanks in the world.

Uddevalla has a small port and once hosted a large shipyard called Uddevallavarvet, which in 1960 was the largest employer in Bohuslän. But in the 1970s all shipyards in Sweden experienced a recession which also led to the closure of Uddevallavarvet in 1985.

Bridge on E6 just outside Uddevalla

Contents

History

Uddevalla got its city rights in 1498 but was probably a place of trade long before that. Historically Uddevalla was part of Norway. Because of its location close to Sweden and Denmark, it was often besieged. In 1612 it was burnt by Swedish troops under the command of Jesper Mattson Krus and in 1644 it was again burnt, by the Swedish commander Stake. In 1658, at the treaty of Roskilde, it was ceded to Sweden. A year later the Norwegians retook it, but in 1660 it was once again ceded to Sweden in the peace treaty of Copenhagen. Norway later repeatedly reconquered Uddevalla and the nearby fortress on Galleberg, the last time in 1788.

In the 18th and 19th century, Uddevalla's main importance lay in its herring fishing. But what also marked the city were the great fires which several times damaged the city. Most notably in 1806, when the entire city, four houses spared, was burnt to the ground, and 4,000 people were made homeless.

In the 19th century, Uddevalla had trouble getting out of its recession and struggled with poverty and alcoholism. The reasons were mainly that the herring fishing had decreased, the canal of Trollhättan opened, together with the after effects of the 1806 fire.

Uddevalla around 1700 from Suecia antiqua et hodierna

Sometime around 1870-1880, Uddevalla began to attract industries. Much of the development in that century can be attributed to the Scottish businessman William Thorburn, who is said to have been amazed by the city's beauty and hence settled there with his wife Jessy Macfie in 1822[2]. He founded a number of industries, mostly textile in the beginning. Another factor contributing to Uddevalla's recovery was the railroad.

Today

After the Swedish shipyard crisis in the 1980s, forcing the closure of Uddevallavarvet, Uddevalla suffered economic setback. The population has been steady over the last thirty years.

Education

All the high schools in Uddevalla have been united under one name Uddevalla Gymnasieskola or High School of Uddevalla, which is now the largest high school in Sweden, with 4000 students, divided as follows:

There are also many primary schools in Uddevalla, for example √Ąsper√∂dskolan, V√§sterskolan, Fridasskolan, Ramner√∂dsskolan, Norg√•rdenskolan, Norrskolan, Sommarhemsskolan.

International relations

Advertisements

Twin towns ‚ÄĒ Sister cities

Uddevalla is twinned with:

References

External links

Murkrona.svg Uddevalla is one of 133 places with the historical city status in Sweden.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Uddevalla[1] is a city of 50.000 people in Bohuslän, on the west coast of Sweden

Get in

By bus

Express buses stop at Torp bus station, 7 km west of the city centre. Säfflebussen which runs between Berlin and Oslo and E6-expressen between Gothenburg and Oslo stops here.

By train

There are frequent train connections to Str√∂mstad in the north, Trollh√§ttan (√Ėxnered) in the east, and G√∂teborg due south.

By air

The closest airport Trollhättan, about 30 minutes away by car, has flights to Stockholm

  • The Shellbanks The largest shell banks in the world are in Uddevalla.
  • Bohusl√§n Museum One of Sweden's most visited museums, exhibits feature Bohusl√§n‚Äôs changing history and the living conditions of its inhabitant
  • Tureborg The ruins of a medieval-styled castle, built 1899-1912 by Ture Malmgren, founder of Bohusl√§ningen, a local newspaper. Were ravaged by fire in 1950, but the ruins still stands. The castle were filled with secret tunnels, which later were sealed.
    • Villa Elfkullen A large building with a very peculiar design, also built by Ture Malmgren. Open to the public on sundays july - september. Like the castle, the building is filled with secret compartments.
Hostel by the sea in Gustafsberg
Hostel by the sea in Gustafsberg
  • Unda camping - 451 94 Uddevalla - 0522-863 47 [2] 400 spots, 6 cabins. Good beaches, a nearby nature reserve, several activities during the summer. Open the entire year.
  • STF Vandrarhem Gustafsberg Tel: 0522-152 00 [3]. Hostel by the sea in Gustafsberg. Formerly the greater temperated bath house. Located 6 km along the boardwalk.
Routes through Uddevalla
Oslo ‚Üź Str√∂mstad ‚Üź  N noframe S  ‚Üí Kung√§lv ‚Üí G√∂teborg
This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message