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Udi
удин муз, udin muz
Spoken in Azerbaijan, Georgia
Region Azerbaijan (Qabala and Oguz), Russia (North Caucasus), Georgia (Kvareli), and Armenia (Tavush)
Total speakers 8,000 (est.)[1]
Language family Northeast Caucasian
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 cau
ISO 639-3 udi

The Udi language, spoken by the Udi people, is a member of the Northeast Caucasian language family. It is believed this was the main language of Caucasian Albania, which stretched from south Dagestan to current day Azerbaijan.

The language is spoken by about 5,000 people in the Azerbaijani village of Nij in the Qabala rayon, the Oguz rayon, as well as parts of the North Caucasus in Russia. It is also spoken by ethnic Udis living in the villages of Debedavan, Bagratashen, Ptghavan, and Haghtanak in the Tavush province of Armenia and in the village of Zinobiani (Oktomberi) in the Kvareli district of the Kakheti province in Georgia.

Udi is related to Lezgian and Tabasaran. Together with Aghul, Budukh, Kryts, Rutul and Tsakhur they form the group of Lezgic languages.

Contents

Phonology

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Vowels

[2]

Front Central Back
i (y) u
ɛ ɛˤ (œ) ə ɔ ɔˤ
(æ) ɑ ɑˤ

Consonants

Consonant phonemes of Udi[3]
Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
lenis fortis
Nasal m n
Plosive voiced b d ɡ
voiceless p t k q
ejective
Affricate voiced d͡z d͡ʒ d͡ʒː
voiceless t͡s t͡ʃ t͡ʃː
ejective t͡sʼ t͡ʃʼ t͡ʃːʼ
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ ʃː x h
voiced v z ʒ ʒː ɣ
Trill r
Approximant l j

See also

References

Harris, Alice C. (2002). Endoclitics and the Origins of Udi Morphosyntax. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-924633-5. 

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Sociolinguistic Situation of the Udi in Azerbaijan - John M. Clifton, Deborah A. Clifton, Peter Kirk, and Roar Ljøkjell
  2. ^ Hewitt, George (2004): Introduction to the Study of the Languages of the Caucasus. LINCOM, Munich. Page 57.
  3. ^ Consonant Systems of the Northeast Caucasian Languages on TITUS DIDACTICA

External links


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