Uganda: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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Republic of Uganda
Jamhuri ya Uganda
Flag
Motto"For God and My Country"
AnthemOh Uganda, Land of Beauty
Capital
(and largest city)
Kampala
Official language(s) English,[1] Swahili[2]
Vernacular languages Luganda, Luo, Runyankore, Ateso, Lusoga
Demonym Ugandan
Government Democratic Republic
 -  President Yoweri Museveni
 -  Vice President Gilbert Bukenya Balibaseka
 -  Prime Minister Apolo Nsibambi
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Republic October 9, 1962 
Area
 -  Total 236,040 km2 (81st)
91,136 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 15.39
Population
 -  2009 estimate 32,369,558[3] (37th)
 -  2002 census 24,227,297 
 -  Density 137.1/km2 (80th)
355.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $36.745 billion[4] 
 -  Per capita $1,146[4] 
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $14.565 billion[4] 
 -  Per capita $454[4] 
Gini (1998) 43 (medium
HDI (2008) 0.514 (medium) (157th)
Currency Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .ug
Calling code +2561

1 006 from Kenya and Tanzania.
.The Republic of Uganda (pronounced /juːˈɡændə/ yoo-GAN-də or /juːˈɡɑːndə/ yoo-GAHN-də) is a landlocked country in East Africa.^ A gateway from Central Africa to the Horn of Africa, Uganda lies on the equator and borders the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda and Tanzania in the south, Kenya in the east, and Sudan in the north.
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It is bordered on the east by Kenya, on the north by Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, which is also bordered by Kenya and Tanzania.
Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompassed a portion of the south of the country including the capital Kampala. Seventy-six percent of the population of the country lives slightly below the international poverty line of US $1.00 a day.[5] It is currently subject to a severe food crisis.

Contents

History

The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago. .Bantu-speaking populations, who were probably from central and western Africa, migrated to the southern parts of the country.^ Speakers of Bantu languages, who are largely agriculturalists, living principally in the south and west of the country, comprise about two-thirds of the population.
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[6][7] These groups brought and developed ironworking skills and new ideas of social and political organization. The Empire of Kitara in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries represents the earliest forms of formal organization, followed by the kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, and in later centuries, Buganda and Ankole.[8]
Nilotic people including Luo and Ateker entered the area from the north, probably beginning about A.D. 120. They were cattle herders and subsistence farmers who settled mainly the northern and eastern parts of the country. Some Luo invaded the area of Bunyoro and assimilated with the Bantu there, establishing the Babiito dynasty of the current Omukama (ruler) of Bunyoro-Kitara.[9] Luo migration continued until the 16th century, with some Luo settling amid Bantu people in Eastern Uganda, with others proceeding to the western shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya and Tanzania. The Ateker (Karimojong and Iteso) settled in the northeastern and eastern parts of the country, and some fused with the Luo in the area north of Lake Kyoga.
Arab traders moved inland from the Indian Ocean coast of East Africa in the 1830s. They were followed in the 1860s by British explorers searching for the source of the Nile. Protestant missionaries entered the country in 1877, followed by Catholic missionaries in 1879.[10] The United Kingdom placed the area under the charter of the British East Africa Company in 1888, and ruled it as a protectorate from 1894.

20th century

As several other territories and chiefdoms were integrated, the final protectorate called Uganda took shape in 1914. From 1900 to 1920, a sleeping sickness epidemic killed more than 250,000 people.[11]
Britain granted independence to Uganda in 1962, and the first elections were held on March 1, 1961. Uganda became a republic the following year, maintaining its Commonwealth membership. The constitution was amended in 1963 to satisfy an alliance between the Uganda People's Congress and the Kabaka Yekka Party, during the elections in 1962. This created a post of a titular Head of State called the President and a position of a Vice President. The UPC government appointed Edward Muteesa II, Kabaka (King) of Buganda, as the President and Commander in Chief of the armed forces. William Wilberforce Nadiope, the Kyabazing of Busoga (paramount chief), was appointed Vice President.
In 1966, Milton Obote overthrew the king. A UPC-dominated Parliament changed the constitution, and Obote became president. The elections were suspended, ushering in an era of coups and counter-coups, which would last until the mid-1980s. Obote was deposed twice from office, both times by military coup. Obote's regime was armed by the Soviet Union.[12] Neighboring Tanzania was an outpost of the People's Republic of China and Soviets attempted to control Uganda in order to counter Chinese influence.
.Idi Amin (1925–2003) seized power in 1971, ruling the country with the military for the next eight years.^ During Amin's eight-year dictatorship between 100,000 and 500,000 Ugandans were killed.
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[13] His regime was armed by Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi who saw Amin as a promising fellow Muslim,[14] until the Soviet Union became the primary partner.[12] Amin's rule cost an estimated 300,000 Ugandans' lives. He forcibly removed the entrepreneurial Indian minority from Uganda.[15] The Ugandan economy was devastated.
Amin's reign was ended after the Uganda-Tanzania War in 1979 in which Tanzanian forces aided by Ugandan exiles invaded Uganda. This led to the return of Obote, who was deposed once more in 1985 by General Tito Okello. .Okello ruled for six months until he was deposed after the so called "bush war" by the National Resistance Army (NRA) operating under the leadership of the current president, Yoweri Museveni, and various rebel groups, including the Federal Democratic Movement of Andrew Kayiira, and another belonging to John Nkwanga.^ Six months later the NRA took over the city, installing Museveni as president.
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^ Several guerrilla armies began to operate against the government - notably the National Resistance Army (NRA) of Yoweri Museveni in the west and south, as well as north-westerners loyal to Amin.
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^ Worse was to develop in the ‘Luwero triangle', the rural heartland of central Uganda where anti-Obote feeling was widespread and where Museveni's NRA guerrillas initially operated.
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.Museveni has been in power since 1986. In the mid to late 1990s, he was lauded by the West as part of a new generation of African leaders.^ UNRF leader Moses Ali has filled several senior government positions in Museveni's governments since 1986, with a two-year gap from 1990-2 when he was detained on treason charges.
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[citation needed] His presidency has included involvement in the civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and other conflicts in the Great Lakes region, as well as the civil war against the Lord's Resistance Army, which has been guilty of numerous crimes against humanity including child slavery and mass murder. .Conflict in northern Uganda has killed thousands and displaced millions.^ Uganda's northern wars have been complicated by its involvement in neighbouring conflicts.
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In 2007, Uganda deployed soldiers to the African Union peacekeeping mission in Somalia.[citation needed]

Government

.The President of Uganda, currently Yoweri kaguta Museveni, is both head of state and head of government.^ Environment Peoples History Governance Current state of minorities and indigenous peoples .
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The president appoints a prime minister, currently Apolo Nsibambi, who aids him in governing. The parliament is formed by the National Assembly, which has 332 members. 104 of these members are nominated by interest groups, including women and the army. The remaining members are elected for four year terms during general elections.[16]
Political parties were restricted in their activities from 1986 in a measure ostensibly designed to reduce sectarian violence. In the non-party "Movement" system instituted by Museveni, political parties continued to exist, but they could only operate a headquarters office. They could not open branches, hold rallies, or field candidates directly (although electoral candidates could belong to political parties). A constitutional referendum canceled this nineteen-year ban on multi-party politics in July 2005. Additionally, the time limit for president was changed in the constitution from the two-term limit in order to enable the current president to continue in active politics.
The presidential elections were held in February, 2006. Yoweri Museveni ran against several candidates, the most prominent of whom was exiled Dr. Kizza Besigye.

Geography

Map of Uganda
The country is located on the East African plateau, averaging about 1100 metres (3,250 ft) above sea level, and this slopes very steadily downwards to the Sudanese Plain to the north. However, much of the south is poorly drained, while the centre is dominated by Lake Kyoga, which is also surrounded by extensive marshy areas. Uganda lies almost completely within the Nile basin. The Victoria Nile drains from the lake into Lake Kyoga and thence into Lake Albert on the Congolese border. It then runs northwards into Sudan. One small area on the eastern edge of Uganda is drained by the Turkwel river, part of the internal drainage basin of Lake Turkana.
Lake Kyoga serves as a rough boundary between Bantu speakers in the south and Nilotic and Central Sudanic language speakers in the north. Despite the division between north and south in political affairs, this linguistic boundary actually runs roughly from northwest to southeast, near the course of the Nile. However, many Ugandans live among people who speak different languages, especially in rural areas. Some sources describe regional variation in terms of physical characteristics, clothing, bodily adornment, and mannerisms, but others claim that those differences are disappearing.
Mount Kadam in Uganda.
Although generally equatorial, the climate is not uniform as the altitude modifies the climate. Southern Uganda is wetter with rain generally spread throughout the year. At Entebbe on the northern shore of Lake Victoria, most rain falls from March to June and the November/December period. Further to the north a dry season gradually emerges; at Gulu about 120 km from the Sudanese border, November to February is much drier than the rest of the year.
The northeastern Karamoja region has the driest climate and is prone to droughts in some years. Rwenzori in the southwest on the border with Congo (DRC) receives heavy rain all year round. The south of the country is heavily influenced by one of the world's biggest lakes, Lake Victoria, which contains many islands. It prevents temperatures from varying significantly and increases cloudiness and rainfall. Most important cities are located in the south, near Lake Victoria, including the capital Kampala and the nearby city of Entebbe.
Although landlocked, Uganda contains many large lakes, besides Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga, there are Lake Albert, Lake Edward and the smaller Lake George.

Districts, counties, and kingdoms

Districts of Uganda
Uganda is divided into 80 districts, spread across four administrative regions: Northern, Eastern, Central and Western. The districts are subdivided into counties. A number of districts have been added in the past few years, and eight others were added on July 1, 2006.[17] Most districts are named after their main commercial and administrative towns. Each district is divided into sub-districts, counties, sub-counties, parishes and villages.
Parallel with the state administration, six traditional Bantu kingdoms have remained, enjoying some degrees of mainly cultural autonomy. The kingdoms are Toro, Ankole, Busoga, Bunyoro, Buganda and Rwenzururu. Ankole is the unofficial sister kingdom of Wendouree, in the State of Victoria, Australia.

Economy

For decades, Uganda's economy suffered from devastating economic policies and instability, leaving Uganda as one of the world's poorest countries. The country has commenced economic reforms and growth has been robust. In 2008, Uganda recorded 12% growth despite the global downturn and regional instability.[18]
Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. The country has largely untapped reserves of both crude oil and natural gas.[19] While agriculture used to account for 56% of the economy in 1986, with coffee as its main export, it has now been surpassed by the Services sector, which accounted for 52% of percent GDP in 2007.[20] In the 1950s the British Colonial regime encouraged some 500,000 subsistence farmers to join co-operatives.[21] Since 1986, the government (with the support of foreign countries and international agencies) has acted to rehabilitate an economy devastated during the regime of Idi Amin and subsequent civil war.[3] Inflation ran at 240% in 1987 and 42% in June 1992, and was 5.1% in 2003.
Between 1990 and 2001, the economy grew because of continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs between 1990 and 2001.[citation needed] Ongoing Ugandan involvement in the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, corruption within the government, and slippage in the government's determination to press reforms raise doubts about the continuation of strong growth.
In 2000, Uganda was included in the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief initiative worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million. These amounts combined with the original HIPC debt relief added up to about $2 billion.But in 2006 the Ugandan Government successfully paid all their debts to the Paris Club, which meant that it was no longer in the(HIPC)list. Growth for 2001–2002 was solid despite continued decline in the price of coffee, Uganda's principal export.[3] According to IMF statistics, in 2004 Uganda's GDP per capita reached $300, a much higher level than in the 1980s but still at half the Sub-Saharan African average income of $600 per year. Total GDP crossed the 8 billion dollar mark in the same year.
With the Uganda securities exchanges established in 1996, several equities have been listed. The Government has used the stock market as an avenue for privatisation. All Government treasury issues are listed on the securities exchange. The Capital Markets Authority has licensed 18 brokers, asset managers and investment advisors including names like African Alliance, AIG Investments, Renaissance Capital and SIMMS. As one of the ways of increasing formal domestic savings, Pension sector reform is the centre of attention (2007).[22][23]
Uganda depends on Kenya for access to international markets. Uganda is part of the East African Community and a potential member of the planned East African Federation.

Demographics

Ethnolinguistic map of Uganda.
Uganda is home to many different ethnic groups, none of whom forms a majority of the population. Around forty different languages are regularly and currently in use in the country. .English became the official language of Uganda after independence.^ Main languages: English (official); numerous local languages; Swahili is used among some communities, especially those bordering Kenya and Sudan.
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Ugandan English has a local flavour.
.The most widely locally spoken language in Uganda is Luganda spoken predominantly in the urban concentrations of Kampala, the capital city, and in towns and localities in the Buganda region of Uganda which encompasses Kampala.^ Most of Uganda consists of fertile, wooded highland plateau, and has a tropical climate, but there are also swampy lowlands and a desert region.
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The Lusoga and Runyankore languages follow, spoken predominantly in the southeastern and southwestern parts of Uganda respectively.
.Swahili, a widely used language throughout eastern and central east Africa, was approved as the country's second official national language in 2005,[2] though this is somewhat politically sensitive.^ Main languages: English (official); numerous local languages; Swahili is used among some communities, especially those bordering Kenya and Sudan.
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Though the language has not been favoured by the Bantu-speaking populations of the south and southwest of the country, it is an important lingua franca in the northern regions. It is also widely used in the police and military forces, which may be a historical result of the disproportionate recruitment of northerners into the security forces during the colonial period. The status of Swahili has thus alternated with the political group in power.[24] For example, Amin, who came from the northwest, declared Swahili to be the national language.[25]
The current estimated population of Uganda is 32.4 million. Uganda has a very young population, with a median age of 15 years.[3]

Religion

Religion in Uganda[3]
religion percent
Roman Catholicism
  
42%
Protestantism
  
42%
Islam
  
12%
Other or None
  
4%
According to the census of 2002, Christians made up about 84% of Uganda's population.[26] The Roman Catholic Church has the largest number of adherents (41.9%), followed by the Anglican Church of Uganda (35.9%). The next most reported religion of Uganda is Islam, with Muslims representing 12% of the population.[26]
Ugandan woman
The census lists only 1% of Uganda's population as following traditional religions, and 0.7% are classified as 'other non-Christians,' including adherents of sects. Judaism is also practiced in Uganda by a small number of native Ugandans known as the Abayudaya. One of the world's seven Bahá'í Houses of Worship is located on the outskirts of Kampala. See also Bahá'í Faith in Uganda.
According to the World Refugee Survey 2008, published by the U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, Uganda hosted a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering 235,800 in 2007. The majority of this population came from Sudan (162,100 persons), but also included refugees and asylum seekers from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (41,800), Rwanda (21,200), Somalia (5,700) and Burundi (3,100).[27]
Of the Christian population, the Roman Catholic Church has the largest number of followers, followed by the Anglican Church, while Evangelical and Pentecostal churches claim the rest. Evangelical and Pentecostal churches are very active. The Muslim population is primarily Sunni. Traditional indigenous beliefs are practiced in some rural areas and are sometimes blended with or practiced alongside Christianity or Islam. .Indian nationals are the most significant immigrant population; members of this community are primarily Ismaili (Shi'a Muslim followers of the Aga Khan) or Hindu.^ From 1894, the territory was a British protectorate, and a significant Indian population settled in Uganda.
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The northern and West Nile regions are predominantly Catholic, while Iganga District in eastern Uganda has the highest percentage of Muslims. The rest of the country has a mix of religious affiliations.[28]

Health

Uganda has been among the rare HIV success stories, one of the reasons being openness.[29] However, under a proposed "Anti-Homosexuality Bill", people who test positive for HIV and subsequently engage in homosexual relations may be executed [30].
Ugandan Government is currently seeking to remove Anti-Homosexuality Bill http://www.cbc.ca/world/story/2010/01/08/uganda-law-death-penalty.html
Infant mortality rate was at 79 per 1,000 in 2005.[29] Life expectancy was at 50.2 for females, and 49.1 for males in 2005.[29] There were 8 physicians per 100,000 persons in the early 2000s.[29]

Culture and sport

Young boys playing a recreational game of football in Arua District
Owing to the large number of communities, culture within Uganda is diverse. Many Asians (mostly from India) who were expelled during the regime of Amin have returned to Uganda.[citation needed]
Cricket has experienced rapid growth although football is the most popular sport in Uganda. Recently in the Quadrangular Tournament in Kenya, Uganda came in as the underdogs and went on to register a historic win against archrivals Kenya. Uganda also won the World Cricket League (WCL) Division 3 and came fourth place in the WCL Division 2. In February 2009, Uganda finished as runner-up in the WCL Division 3 competition held in Argentina, thus gaining a place in the World Cup Qualifier held in South Africa in April 2009. In 2007 the Ugandan Rugby Union team were victorious in the 2007 Africa Cup, beating Madagascar in the final.
Rallying is also a popular sport in Uganda with the country having successfully staged a round of the African Rally Championship (ARC), Pearl of Africa Rally since 1996 when it was a candidate event. The country has gone on to produce African rally champions such as Charles Muhangi who won the 1999 ARC crown. Other notable Ugandans on the African rally scene include the late Riyaz Kurji who was killed in an fatal accident while leading the 2009 edition, Emma Katto, Karim Hirji, Chipper Adams and Charles Lubega. Ugandans have also featured prominently in the Safari Rally.
Ugandans have since the early twenties enjoyed the fast-paced sport of hockey. It was originally played by the Asians, but now it is widely played by people from other racial backgrounds. Hockey is the only Ugandan field sport to date to have qualified for and represented the country at the Olympics; this was at the Munich games in 1972. It is also believed in Ugandan hockey circles that Uganda's first and only Olympic gold medal may have been realized in part by the cheers from the representative hockey team that urged John Akii-Bua forward.[citation needed]

Education

Illiteracy is common in Uganda, particularly among females.[29] Public spending on education was at 5.2 % of the 2002–2005 GDP.[29] Uganda has both private and public universities.

Human rights

Respect for human rights in Uganda has been advanced significantly since the mid-1980s. There are, however, numerous areas which continue to attract concern.
Conflict in the northern parts of the country continues to generate reports of abuses by both the rebel Lord's Resistance Army and the Ugandan army. A UN official blamed the LRA in February 2009 of "appalling brutality" in the Democratic Republic of Congo.[31] The number of internally displaced persons is estimated at 1.4 million. Torture continues to be a widespread practice amongst security organizations. Attacks on political freedom in the country, including the arrest and beating of opposition Members of Parliament, has led to international criticism, culminating in May 2005 in a decision by the British government to withhold part of its aid to the country. The arrest of the main opposition leader Kizza Besigye and the besiegement of the High Court during a hearing of Besigye's case by a heavily armed security forces — before the February 2006 elections — led to condemnation.[32]
Recently, grassroots organizations have been attempting to raise awareness about the children who were kidnapped by the Lord's Resistance Army to work as soldiers or be used as wives. Thousands of children as young as eight were captured and forced to kill. The documentary film Invisible Children illustrates the terrible lives of the children, known as night commuters, who still to this day leave their villages and walk many miles each night to avoid abduction.[33]
The U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants reported several violations of refugee rights in 2007, including forcible deportations by the Ugandan government and violence directed against refugees.[27]

International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
Institute for Economics and Peace [1] Global Peace Index[34] 103 out of 144
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 157 out of 182
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 130 out of 180
World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 108 out of 133

See also

References

  1. ^ "Uganda: Society" in Library of Congress . Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  2. ^ a b Constitution (Amendment) Act 2005 (Act No. 11 of 2005): "3. Replacement of article 6 of the Constitution. For article 6 of the Constitution, there is substituted the following: 6.Official language. (1) The official language of Uganda is English. (2) Swahili shall be the second official language in Uganda to be used in such circumstances as Parliament may by law prescribe. (3) Subject to this article, any other language may be used as a medium of instruction in schools or other educational institutions or for legislative, administrative or judicial purposes as Parliament may by law prescribe."
  3. ^ a b c d e Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Uganda". The World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ug.html. Retrieved January 23, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Uganda". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2009/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?sy=2006&ey=2009&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=746&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=&pr.x=63&pr.y=2. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  5. ^ Human Development Indices, Table 3: Human and income poverty, p. 35. Retrieved on 1 June 2009
  6. ^ aids "East Africa Living Encyclopedia – Ethnic Groups", African Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania
  7. ^ Phyllis Martin and Patrick O'Meara. Africa. 3rd edition. Indiana University Press, 1995.
  8. ^ Mwambutsya, Ndebesa, "Pre-capitalist Social Formation: The Case of the Banyankole of Southwestern Uganda." Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review 6, no. 2; 7, no. 1 (June 1990 and January 1991): 78–95.
  9. ^ "Origins of Bunyoro-Kitara Kings", Bunyoro-Kitara website
  10. ^ "Background Note: Uganda", U.S. State Department
  11. ^ Reanalyzing the 1900–1920 sleeping sickness epidemic in Uganda.(Perspectives). Emerging Infectious Diseases.
  12. ^ a b Dale C. Tatum. Who influenced whom?. p. 177. 
  13. ^ "A Country Study: Uganda", Library of Congress Country Studies
  14. ^ Roland Anthony Oliver, Anthony Atmore. Africa since 1800. p. 272. 
  15. ^ "UK Indians taking care of business". Theage.com.au. March 8, 2006.
  16. ^ "Parliament of Uganda Website :: – COMPOSITION OF PARLIAMENT". Parliament.go.ug. http://www.parliament.go.ug/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3&Itemid=4. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  17. ^ "Can Uganda’s economy support more districts?", New Vision, 8 August 2005
  18. ^ "Snapshot of Uganda's economic outlook". African Economic Outlook. July 6, 2009. http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/en/countries/east-africa/uganda/. 
  19. ^ "Uganda's oil rush: Derricks in the darkness", The Economist, August 6th 2009, retrieved August 10th 2009.
  20. ^ [name=http://devdata.worldbank.org/AAG/uga_aag.pdf "Uganda at a Glance"]. World Bank. November 13, 2009. name=http://devdata.worldbank.org/AAG/uga_aag.pdf. 
  21. ^ Interview of David Hines in 1999 by W D Ogilvie; obituary of David Hines in London Daily Telegraph 8 April 2000 written by W D Ogilvie
  22. ^ Kaujju, Peter. "Capital markets eye pension reform". The New Vision, June, 2008. Retrieved on February 9, 2009.
  23. ^ Rutaagi, Edgar. "Uganda Moving Towards Pension Reforms". The African Executive, 2009. Retrieved on February 9, 2009.
  24. ^ Swahili in the UCLA Language Materials Project
  25. ^ "A Brief History of the Swahili Language", glcom.com
  26. ^ a b "2002 Uganda Population and Housing Census — Main Report" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics. http://www.ubos.org/onlinefiles/uploads/ubos/pdf%20documents/2002%20Census%20Final%20Reportdoc.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-26. 
  27. ^ a b "World Refugee Survey 2008". U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants. 2008-06-19. http://www.refugees.org/survey. 
  28. ^ "U.S. Department of State". State.gov. http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2008/108397.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/countries/data_sheets/cty_ds_UGA.html
  30. ^ "Why is Uganda attacking homosexuality?", 9 December 2009
  31. ^ (AFP) – Feb 10, 2009 (2009-02-10). "AFP: Attacks of 'appalling brutality' in DR Congo: UN". Google.com. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jjDmW-YliFMFYnBOvy5bwN3-Ggtg. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  32. ^ "Uganda: Respect Opposition Right to Campaign", Human Rights Watch, 19 December 2005
  33. ^ ""Invisible Children of Uganda film website"". Invisiblechildren.com. http://www.invisiblechildren.com/. Retrieved 2009-07-29. 
  34. ^ "Vision of Humanity". Vision of Humanity. http://www.visionofhumanity.org/gpi/home.php. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Africa : East Africa : Uganda
noframe
Location
noframe
Flag
Image:ug-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital Kampala
Government Republic
Currency Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Area total: 236,040 km2
water: 36,330 km2
land: 199,710 km2
Population 24,699,073 (July 2002 est.)
Language English (official national language), Swahili (official), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Arabic
Religion Roman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 18%
Electricity 240V 50HZ (UK plug type)
Calling Code 256
Internet TLD .ug
Time Zone UTC +3
.Uganda [1] is a country in East Africa.^ (Kampala, Uganda) Information management and internet connectivity for organizations and companies in Uganda and East Africa.

^ The eight countries being evaluated are Algeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa and Uganda .

^ Visited Countries: South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda .

.It is bordered on the east by Kenya, the north by Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania.^ Has information on customs tariffs by country, road/transport including road distances, economic profiles for each country (Angola, Burundi, Comoros, D.R. Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe) etc.

^ The first two cases concern the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda .

^ Full text articles on Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, with photographs, statistics.

.Famously called the Pearl of Africa by Winston Churchill, it is home to one of the most diverse and concentrated ranges of African fauna including the highly endangered mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei) and the endangered common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).^ Kazibwe, a medical doctor, was the first woman Vice President in Africa and one of the 100 most powerful women in the world according to Australian Magazine .

^ A new Jerusalem rising in the mountains of East Africa, a shiny new civilization, dominating all around it, a home of peace and prosperity for all Jews...
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and the Ugandan government still has a chance of ending one of Africa’s longest, most brutal conflicts."

.
  • Northern Uganda - The beautiful area along the River Nile between Pakwach and the Sudan border teems with wildlife.
  • Southwest Uganda - Most of the areas of interest to travelers are in the south-west part of the country, a side branch of the famous and volcanically active Great Rift Valley, with the exception of Jinja and Murchison Falls.^ Traditional Medicine Strategy - Uganda "up to 80% of people in the south use it as part of primary health care.

    ^ Site for the hydroelectric power project proposed for the Victoria Nile River near the Town of Jinja, in Uganda.

    ^ Mbendi - Uganda Country Profile Basic data, information on the oil industry , mining industry , electrical power , computers and communications from Mbendi, a South African consulting firm.

    Gorilla tracking draws most foreign tourists, and there are several troops of gorillas that can be visited in at least three different locations. Book gorillas tracking permits well in advance (6 months or more) to avoid disappointment. .In Uganda there are so many tour companies that can arrange your Uganda safari
  • Rwenzori National Park - Interesting to the traveler is also the Rwenzori Mountains area near Kasese town.^ We travel north to Arusha, where you have the option to visit the famous Ngorogoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park.

    ^ Beginning with a visit to the stunning Spice Island of Zanzibar, we travel north to Arusha, where you have the option to visit the famous Ngorogoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park.

    ^ Site for the hydroelectric power project proposed for the Victoria Nile River near the Town of Jinja, in Uganda.

    Here you can climb Mt. Margherita (5109 m/16,761 ft), go safari in Queen Elizabeth NP and experience the culture of the Bakonzo mountain people at Mitandi.
Eastern Uganda Travelers interested in hiking may be attracted to Sipi falls which is in this area. .Every two years during the summer months, tourists are also attracted to the circumcision ceremonies of the Bugisu people who inhabit the foot hills of this area.^ For every four months of continuous employment, an employee is entitled to seven days of paid annual leave per calendar year.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Police recorded two rape cases committed by civilians during the year.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, HRW noted there was an increase in violations during the last months of the year.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mt Elgon, a popular mountain climb is also in eastern Uganda.
  • Arua Located in the NE corner of the country. Reached by daily flights from Entebbe Airport by Eagle Air.
  • Kampala is a bustling African city. If you like the African urban vibe, are comfortable haggling for produce or are willing to share a pack of cigarettes and chat up the locals, then you could have an interesting day of it. Sadly, though, there is not much of interest for sightseeing, but it is not a particularly dangerous place to be in the city centre around the major hotels (but see below under Stay Safe).
Fishers at Port Belle on Lake Victoria
Fishers at Port Belle on Lake Victoria
The National Museum is interesting but rather sad and run down and the colonial architecture of various buildings (particularly in Old Kampala) is nice but unexceptional. A visit to the Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi is a great way to spend an entire day. The tombs are a world heritage site. .The guides are more than happy to talk to you all day about all aspects of Bugandan culture, history, politics and language.^ More than you perhaps realise.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ With more wildlife than you can point your camera at, this corner of East Africa is truly remarkable .

^ R: I don’t rightly know if you have any idea what I”m talking about.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

A great first stop in Uganda. The market in Kampala is particularly impressive, just hop on a boda-boda and ask for the market. .
  • Entebbe is built around the shores of Lake Victoria and is primarily active as the location of the airport, The Uganda Government house, the State House, was relocated to the town of Entebbe in November 2007. The drive to or from Kampala is about an hour.^ Federo Federo "is about sharing power between the central government and the regional governments in a modern state.

    ^ A 2007 Uganda Women's Network report claimed that the government's introduction of a multiparty system gave women a greater voice.
    • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is located twenty-three kilometers from Uganda’s capital and main city, Kampala, on the main road to Jinja.

    The United Nations uses Entebbe as a depot and staging area for their vehicles and heavy equipment that are part of peace keeping and other missions in the central African region. .Entebbe offers a relaxed stopover alternative to Kampala on your way into or out of the country by airplane, as the air is clean, the streets are safe to walk, and the old colonial gardens and parks with the lake in the background make for a serene atmosphere.^ I put cinnamon and honey into the teapot and stirred slowly, the way you stir old memories.
    • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Globes of electrical lights hung high above the street, and the air was full of an unfamiliar stench, like that of chemical smoke pouring out of an invisible factory.
    • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We take in some of the best national parks and lakes, where youll come face to face with Africas spectacular wildlife, and we relax by the stunning beaches of the Indian Ocean.

    The old Botanical Gardens, while tired, will be of interest to botanists and birders unlikely to see specimens in the wild. .Also the blue hotel resort is relatively cheep and offers swimming, full spa treatment, picnicking and beach activities at a very cheap price.
  • Jinja is the world-famous source of the Nile, and in Uganda more famously the source of Nile Beer.^ Site for the hydroelectric power project proposed for the Victoria Nile River near the Town of Jinja, in Uganda.

    This is a popular destination for backpackers for its white-water rafting. Three main operators work the rapids, offering a range of options, including body surfing, kayaking lessons and a video or DVD of the experience afterwards. It is possible to arrange a day trip from any travel agent in Kampala. Be sure to use sunscreen! .Bungee jumping, quad biking and zip wire across the Nile are all possible in Jinja, the adrenaline adventure capital of East Africa.^ A new Jerusalem rising in the mountains of East Africa, a shiny new civilization, dominating all around it, a home of peace and prosperity for all Jews...
    • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Explore the best of East and Southern Africa and taste the adventure every step of the way on our biggest African overland safari.

    ^ Take in the best names and places in East and Southern Africa, and taste the adventure every step of the way on our biggest African overland safari.

    Party until dawn after your activities at Nile River Explorers campsite. Jinja also offers some of the best souvenir shopping at its mainstreet. If you want to party with the locals, there are a variety of clubs and bars which are always lively.
  • Fort Portal is generally considered Uganda's most attractive settlement. .Approached from Kampala through extensive tea plantations, it contains some fine old buildings and a superb Rwenzori backdrop.
  • Fort Wadalai Located on the west bank of the Albert Nile in Northern Uganda.
  • Kabale is a small city in the far south of the country.^ I had given him some of the herbs I had collected, receiving in return a small store of dried powder that he says contains the power of vision.
    • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is located twenty-three kilometers from Uganda’s capital and main city, Kampala, on the main road to Jinja.

    ^ At midday I stopped in the shade of an acacia and built a small fire, and made a tea with some of the herbs I had gathered.
    • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

    .There is not much to do, but it is the stopover to go to Lake Bunyonyi.
  • Mbale is a medium sized city in eastern Uganda.^ The country encompasses much of Lake Victoria in the south-east, as well as several other sizeable lakes.
    • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It is a more typical African town with a fairly large market that is open daily. It also hosts the majority of the Muslim population of the country. It boasts some of the best indian cuisine in the country. It is also the closest city to the hiking trails of Sipi Falls and Mt. Elgon.
  • Kisoro is a town near Congo and Rwanda. .There is nothing much out here, but it is the stopover to visit the National Park.^ Then, admire the sea of pink flamingos in Lake Nakuru before our visit to the famous QE2 National Park.

    ^ We travel north to Arusha, where you have the option to visit the famous Ngorogoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park.

    ^ Beginning with a visit to the stunning Spice Island of Zanzibar, we travel north to Arusha, where you have the option to visit the famous Ngorogoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park.

    A climb up the volcano could be done as a day trip from Kisoro town.
  • Pakwach Located on the west bank of the Albert Nile on the road to Arua. End of former British rail line from Mombasa.
  • Rhino Camp On the west bank of the Albert Nile in northern Uganda.
  • Rakai is a rural area where the original case of AIDS was discovered back in the early 1970s.
Gorilla mother and child
Gorilla mother and child
The national parks are beautiful and, on the whole, uncrowded. .See the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) website [2] or for details of gorilla tracking, safaris, chimpanzee tracking and more.^ Uganda Wildlife Authority Information on the national parks , bird watching, game viewing, hiking, mountain climbing, gorilla and chimpanzee tracking, research facilities (includes a spatial Management Information System, MIST), research clearance procedures , etc.

Prices in several parks seem to be set at 20 (1 day), 35 (2 days),.. An ISIC student card cuts you a 25% off the entrance fees these days.
  • Ajai Game Reserve is in northern Uganda and boasts a new deluxe safari camp now under construction just out side its border. A small reserve at 16,600 hectares, located on the east bank of the Albert Nile. .The camp is operated by www-bahr-el-jebel-safaris.com.
  • Aswa-Lolim former Game Reserve Is in northern Uganda on the east bank of the Albert Nile.^ [KF] http://www.ugrevenue.com/ Uganda Securities Exchange "The Uganda Securities Exchange (USE) was licensed to operate as an approved Stock Exchange in June 1997 by the Capital Markets Authority.

    ^ The Bank of Uganda (BOU) Statute, 1993, vested the central bank with the responsibility of maintaining low inflation and clearly sets limits on the extent to which it can finance fiscal operations.
    • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Today it is a series of huge ranches, but there is still considerable wildlife which is controlled by the Uganda Wildlife Authority.
  • Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is the primary gorilla tracking location.^ Uganda Wildlife Authority Information on the national parks , bird watching, game viewing, hiking, mountain climbing, gorilla and chimpanzee tracking, research facilities (includes a spatial Management Information System, MIST), research clearance procedures , etc.

    ^ "There are serious human rights concerns in the lead-up to Uganda's March 12, 2001 presidential elections that shed doubt on whether the election will be free and fair."

    There are troops reached from Buhoma (north) and a new troupe reached from the south at Nkuringo.
  • Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is at the confluence of Rwanda and the DRC. .One gorilla troop can be tracked from here, but its range sometimes takes it into one of the other two countries, so may not be accessible.^ Authorities continued to search for one of the LDU militia members who killed 12 civilians and injured 28 others in Ogwete camp in May 2006.
    • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Virunga Mountains are the dramatic spine of the park, recently active volcanic peaks. .Much other remarkable wildlife is in this often overlooked park.
  • Kidepo Valley National Park located in the extreme NE corner of Uganda on the Sudan border.^ United Nations Development Programme Use the Search to locate reports on Uganda.

    Incredible wildlife here that comes right up to the Apoka Lodge. .Elephant, zebra, nile buffalo, kob often visit the lodge.
  • Lake Mburo National Park located in southern Uganda.^ United Nations Development Programme Use the Search to locate reports on Uganda.

    .Use Mihingo Lodge just outside the park and take horse-back safaris from here.
  • Murchison Falls National Park offers a very nice boat (15000 USh.^ But after claims that excessive force was being used, the government eventually offered the Basongora alternative land outside the park.
    • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ) trip getting surrounded by crocodiles and hippos. The nearby waterfall is dramatic and beautiful, as the entire Nile river plunges down 45 m (150 ft) and through a 7 m (23 ft) wide crevice. It is possible to do safaris - Murchison is full of a variety of wildlife, including elephants, giraffes, hartbeast, buffalo, and a few lions and leopards. For now it is still a little bit difficult to get as independent traveller. Take an early bus to Masindi and then try to arrange for transport to bring you to the park. .With some luck you could get a free ride with the rangers.
  • Queen Elizabeth National Park has several parts to it, but the main section between Lake Edward and Lake George is a more concentrated version of East African parks as far as animals are concerned, although with less splendid vistas unless the mist-shrouded Ruwenzori Mountains are visible.^ Although the accused has the right to legal counsel, some military defense attorneys were untrained and could be assigned by the military command, which also appoints the prosecutor and the adjudicating officer.
    • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Ugandan Kob is an endemic antelope (and is on the coat of arms along with the crested crane, including on currency). Worth considering is a drive among volcanic crater lakes on the south edge of the Ruwenzoris. .Kazinga channel has the greatest concentration of Hippos in africa in this park and the park is home to the famous tree climbing lions.
  • Kibale Forest National Park near the town of Fort Portal is famed for chimpanzee tracking and is highly recommended.^ Uganda Wildlife Authority Information on the national parks , bird watching, game viewing, hiking, mountain climbing, gorilla and chimpanzee tracking, research facilities (includes a spatial Management Information System, MIST), research clearance procedures , etc.

    Twitchers will know that some of the best birding in central Africa is here too. .The Kasese Crater Lakes are in the area.
  • Rwenzori National Park is a mountain range in south-west Uganda bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo.^ The first two cases concern the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda .

    ^ Humanitarian Affairs, Integrated Regional Information Network has a mailing list, irinlist , with up-to-date news on the Great Lakes area including Uganda.

    ^ Uganda, with a population of 30 million, is a republic led by President Yoweri Museveni of the dominant National Resistance Movement (NRM) party.
    • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It is 120 km (75 mi) long and 48 km (30 mi) wide with its highest peak at Mt. Stanley (5109 m/16,761 ft). The range was first described in the 2nd century by ancient Greek astronomer Ptolemy as the "Mountains of the moon", and first ascended in 1896 by Italian explorers. By the end of 2006, its ice cap has retreated from 6.4 square kilometres (2.5 sq mi) a century ago, to less than a 1.28 square kilometres (0.5 sq mi). In the Rwenzori Mountains near Fort Portal you find Mitandi. The place represents an unique opportunity to explore the mountains and get to know the culture of the local Bakonzo mountain people.
  • Ssese Islands is a beautiful stretch of islands on Victoria Lake with isolated beaches and a bit of jungle. .Jungle walks you could easily manage on your own, spending half a day.^ But his essence still lived on, and I was still compelled by him, by ties I could not easily shake, and so I walked the cold streets of Basle and thought of him, and of a life that comes from death.
    • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

    .Beware that there is bilharzia in Victoria Lake, so if you swim, go check up with the doctor afterwards.^ You could go there.” .
    • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

    However, you can expect to spend around 8 hours getting to the Ssese islands. As an alternative, Busi island can be reached in around 45 minutes from Entebbe. there is a camp site, with a small number of beds in a dorm and some bandas which are presently under construction.
  • Lake Bunyonyi is a charming lake dotted with little islands you could relax on. The area is considered to look a bit like Switzerland.
  • Ngamba Island is small fascinating island of Lake Victoria where Ngamba Chimpanzee Sanctuary is located. The Sanctuary was established in the October 1998 as a project to take care of young orphaned Chimpanzees. When they grow up, they are taken to the forest to live in a natural environments. Chimpanzee tracking safaris to Ngamba Chimpanzee sanctuary take place all year round.
Map of Uganda
Map of Uganda
.During Uganda's era of British colonialism, settlement by Europeans was not allowed, and today there are few Caucasians in Uganda.^ Planum: European Journal of Planning Information on German architecht, Ernst May (1886-1970), who was Town Planner in Kampala, Uganda, during the 1940s.

The term for whites is muzungu (plural bazungu), and Caucasian visitors should get used to hearing it shouted out by children in every corner of the country. It is not a derogatory term per se, so smile and wave in reply. .(Do not give out sweets or — worse - money because begging by children is growing in the touristy parts of Uganda near the gorillas.^ In urban areas children sold small items on the street, worked in shops, begged for money, and were involved in the commercial sex industry.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

)
.Uganda is accessible and affordable, but not up to the high tourism standards of more mature destinations such as Kenya or Tanzania, much less South Africa.^ Links to web sites about Swahili, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda.

^ He grew up on a kibbutz in Israel and since lived in South Africa, the UK, and the remote Banks islands of Vanuatu, in the South Pacific.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Full text articles on Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, with photographs, statistics.

This gives it more edge, more authenticity and less predictability. This does not mean danger (but see Stay Safe section below), rather greater opportunities for delight -- and frustration. .This is real Africa, the dirty urban bustle of Kampala bursting at the seams then giving way to lush subsistence farming and small villages.^ Victims of commercial sex trafficking in urban centers often came from small rural villages.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Roads are rough, people are friendly, everything seems to have a smell all its own, and not everything moves according to schedule or to plan.
Most travellers come for the gorilla Safari, but other major draws are the chimpanzees, birding, trekking the Rwenzoris, and visiting the source of the Nile River.
  • Entebbe Airport is the hub for Ugandan air travel. Many flights to cities in Africa take place from here. Direct flights to and from Johannesburg run three days a week on South African Airways.
  • Direct flights to and from London run every other day on British Airways.
  • Emirates offers flights from Entebbe to Dubai via Nairobi and Addis Ababa on Airbus A340S
with onward connections to Europe, N. America, and Asia from Dubai.
  • Ethiopian Airlines offers service to Addis on Boeing 737s.
  • Kenya Airways and KLM fly daily from Entebbe to Amsterdam either via Nairobi or direct.
  • Brussels Airlines [3] flies non-stop from Entebbe to Brussels, where you can take a connecting flight to the rest of Europe or to India, China or the USA

By train

.There is currently no passenger train service to or in Uganda.^ However, until the ICPAU adopted the International Accounting Standards effective January 1, 1999, there was no formal definition of generally accepted accounting standards in Uganda.
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast with 2006, there were no reports of LRA abductions in northern Uganda.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is currently no requirement for consolidated financial statements or reporting on the parents, affiliates, and subsidiaries (domestic and foreign) of banks that are part of a corporate group.
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By bus

.Several bus companies offer direct lines between Kampala to Nairobi, Kigali and Dar es Salaam.^ Dar es Salaam Stock .
  • An MBendi Profile: Uganda Securities Exchange - General Information 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.mbendi.com [Source type: General]

A night bus from Kampala could start at 4PM to arrive at 6AM in Nairobi, costing 23000 USh.
Alternatively do the trip in stages. Take a matatu or bus up to the border and walk to the other side.

By Land

.Going South from Sudan the border is not all that stable, but after the peace agreement between the South and North of Sudan, the border is open, and anyone can cross freely.^ A gateway from Central Africa to the Horn of Africa, Uganda lies on the equator and borders the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda and Tanzania in the south, Kenya in the east, and Sudan in the north.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Until the January 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the north-south conflict in Sudan, Museveni provided support and a haven to fighters from the Sudan People's Liberation Army.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Get around

By boda-boda

.In Kampala and some other towns, the boda-boda is a good way to get from place to place.^ Some other improvements, however, are vital to achieve the level of fiscal transparency specified in the Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency .
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These are small mopeds, motorcycles, bicycles or scooters with cushions on the back and are cheap transport as used by locals. If using Boda-Bodas, be extremely careful as they are frequently involved in accidents; however, in spite of this they are a fun and fast way to get around. Note that if you advise the driver that you want him to drive slower and safer, he may actually listen to you.
Great Rift Valley
Great Rift Valley

By bus

Uganda has decent bus system. There are two classes of buses. The "taxis" are actually minibuses or commuter vans called which run fixed routes (see below).
There are also real buses which run less frequently, usually leaving Kampala early in the morning. There are many companies which almost all leave from the same general area. The buses fill up so if you get on mid trip you'll be spending some time standing or sitting in the aisle before somebody gets off and you can get a seat.
Both buses and taxis run along most roads between cities, paved (sealed) or dirt.
Domestic bus travel is reasonable and cheap between major centres, and is a good choice for backpackers with time, but may not run reliably on schedule. A trip from Kampala to Masindi takes about 4 hours and costs approximately 8000 Uganda shillings.
Note that both buses and "taxis" do not run on fixed schedules; rather, they leave their terminus stop when they are completely full. On heavily-travelled routes they fill up within minutes and this is not a problem, but on less-travelled routes (or if getting on a large bus), be prepared to wait a while before departure.

By taxi

The best way to get around Kampala and the neighbouring towns is by using minibus-type taxis called matatus. This is the most efficient and cost-effective method of transportation in urban areas, but try not to get ripped off by the conductors as they sometimes try to overcharge tourists. They are crowded, cheap, frequent, and make lots of stops. These typically drive every quickly and are frequently involved in traffic accidents.
They run along fixed routes, picking up and dropping off people anywhere along the route. If you want to get on, stand at the side of the road and wave your arm. To get off, say "stage" and the driver will pull over and let you off. They're not marked with destinations, so you'll have to listen to the destinations that the drivers are yelling out the window. If you're not sure where to catch a taxi going to your destination (especially at Kampala taxi park, which is huge!), just ask a nearby driver or conductor, and they'll probably be able to point you in the right direction.
Taxis, called special hire taxis, are available in most every decent sized town. Fares are negotiable over long distances.

By car

The roads in Uganda are comparable to many in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most of the main roads are metalled though the condition of them can deteriorate in patches. And some become extremely pot holed. Many of the minor roads and side roads are made of hard packed earth (murum) and when graded are quite quick and reasonable. However they will deteriorate in heavy rains and wash boarding frequently occurs. The best way to deal with the wash boarding is not to slow down, but to find a speed sympathetic to the road surface and effectively skip from ridge to ridge. Untarred roads, if wet, may be impassable in the mountainous regions of the south-west. Commercial drivers of buses and trucks compound the danger, as do pedestrians, livestock, cyclists, dogs, and the odd police roadblock. Plan on 60km/hr as a typical rate of travel (speed will vary, though!). The best advice is drive cautiously and stay totally alert.
.When planning a journey it is best not to ask how far it is but to ask how long it will take.^ A: How long did the journey take?
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

.Local drivers normally have a good idea of how long journeys will take.^ A: How long did the journey take?
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

Expect to pay a lot to hire a vehicle. A sensible choice is to hire a 4x4 with a driver given that you will need local language assistance and expertise should something happen on the roads. Most places have accommodation and meals for drivers as this is common among travellers. This will cost upwards of USD100.00 per day (not including fuel) with the cheapest vehicles typically having no windows, a canvas roof, an assembly date in the 1970's and so on. You get what you pay for. A cheap option is likely to leave you stranded somewhere remote and that can mean days of your itinerary lost. (Caveat emptor for those hiring from Walter Egger in Jinja for just this reason!) .Unless you are comfortable paying cash in advance without a signed contract and no network to help you get out of a breakdown, go to one of the major agencies.^ They returned without success, and a climb to the top of the mountain, though it offered an extensive view of the surrounding country, disclosed no sign of any tent.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

Talk

English is widely spoken as the lingua franca, but Swahili will come in handy in places (though many Ugandans do not speak Swahili at all, it is a common African trade language). As English is the official language, many people in the major cities speak English (though to varying degrees of fluency). Dozens of African languages are spoken in Uganda, the most common being Luganda and Lusoga.
.A few words or stock phrases in the various dialects are very easy to learn and most locals will be delighted to help you learn the highly ritualised greeting, and in turn, every person you greet in this way will be delighted to meet you.^ Omweso rules are elegant and easy to learn, but it is said to be the most challenging mancala game in Africa."

olio-tia = how are you?; bulungi/gendi = i am fine; jabalay = how is it here/how is work?; kalay = ok
Nyabo = madam; ssebo = sir
Mzungu = European, but used more commonly to refer to all foreign and, especially, white people
.The Swahili 'Hujambo' meaning hello is used everywhere and you will hear lots of ecstatic children waving, jumping, hopping and singing Jambo mzungu as you roll past.^ Mzungu means “white man” in Swahili.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

See

Uganda has a variety of landscapes which most tourists find interesting. The North is relatively flat and dry savanna while the East is mountainous and lush and the center of Uganda hosts larges forests.
  • Go on gorilla tracking. .You'll need to buy a permit which must be booked long time ahead due to limited availability (only few tourists are taken near the gorillas a day, in order not to disturb them).^ "Uganda" is taken from his linked stories collection HebrewPunk , which you should buy.
    • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

    With a permit in hand, you are allowed 1 hour on very close hand of a group of the highly endangered mountain gorilla in their natural habitat. Uganda Wildlife Authority handles the sale of permits which cost several hundreds US dollars each [4].
  • Rafting on the Nile. Uganda is a world class rafting destination and several companies arrange trips down the Nile - from half a day to 3-day trips, from peaceful family trips to very adventurous grade 5 rafting. .75 US$ will buy you a rafting adventure with transport from Kampala and food and drink included.
  • Quad biking.^ Serious problems in prisons outside of Kampala included congestion, inadequate staff, and lack of food, water, medical care, and bedding.
    • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Near the Spring of the Nile you can rent quad bikes (a 4-wheeled motorbike - also known as All Terrain Bike) for a speedy (and dusty) sightseeing trip with a local guide.
  • Go on a Safari.
  • Go to Sipi, about 1 hour from Mbale. It's a beautiful little town on top of a hill, sporting fantastic views on and hikes to waterfalls. If you don't feel like having a guide, tell them that you'd like to do it yourself and eventually they will leave you alone. Great place to stay over night in Sipi is the Crow's nest with amazing views onto the waterfalls. Crows nest is alright but do not expect hotel quality service and if you are smart, you will bring your own food because their food comes even slower than any local restaurant and is absolutely terrible.

Learn

Kampala host Makerere University which is a world class African institution.

Buy

The national currency is the Ugandan shilling, code UGX, sometimes written as UgSh. .There are 50000, 20000, 10000, 5000 and 1000 shilling notes and 200, 100, 50 and 10 shilling coins (although the 10 shilling coin is no longer issued).^ IGP Major General Kale Kayihura ordered an inquiry into the incident on March 10; however, there were no findings by year's end.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other currencies that might be accepted for transactions are the US dollar (USD), notes must have been issued since 2000, or possibly the Euro (EUR) or British pound (GBP).^ The government has offered a blanket amnesty since 2000 to former combatants for treason charges as a means to encourage defection from the LRA and other rebel groups.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Older US notes might not be accepted even in banks but newer US notes can be spent directly at fair exchange rates, although you will receive shillings in change.
With Visa debit/atm cards you can withdraw money in at least one ATM in Kampala's City Garden mall. With MasterCard debit/atm cards, you can withdraw money from any Stanbic bank, which are in many points around Kampala, from the large Western shopping mall Garden City to campus hangout Wandegaya to Ntinda and Gayaza Road. Stanbic banks are seen throughout Uganda, from Mbarare to Gulu. Information can be obtained from the bank branches. As for your American Express card: leave it at home - you can't use it except at Major Hotels and Airlines. .American Express members also have other benefits that may come in handy such as emergency cash.^ Authorities continued to search for one of the LDU militia members who killed 12 civilians and injured 28 others in Ogwete camp in May 2006.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Banana Boat, an overpriced but pleasant gift shop in Kampala, takes several credit cards, and can be found in Lugogo shopping area and Garden City. They sell traditional dolls, postcards, books, leather sandals, jewellery, and many other items. Gifts can always be found much cheaper if you can bargain at other craft shops, but they don't take credit cards. Also check out Uganda Crafts, on Bombo Road, a fair trade craft shop with reasonable prices and a great basket selection.
You might be able to use U.S. dollars, but I would recommend exchanging your money for shillings (it's about 1700 shillings to the U.S. dollar, and about 3400 shillings to the British pound- a bottle of water is about 500 shillings, a candy bar is 500 shillings, a meal can range from 2000 shillings to 15000 shillings).
Cashing travellers checks can be difficult. Exchanging notes is possible in the larger towns if you need Ugandan Shillings. Note that there are better rates for exchanging larger notes (US$50 or more), so do it in big chunks if you need to. .Try to have all your cash needs arranged before leaving Kampala if you can ('red-fox' forex on Kampala Road is thought to offer the best rates in the country).^ Copies of recordings can be purchased; "however "recordings which are less than 50 years old are all in copyright and you will need to obtain written permission from the copyright owner before a copy can be made."

Costs

Food and goods are cheap. On a shoestring you can get by on less than 10 euro a day, excluding park visits and other expensive activities. Make sure you bargain for everything you buy around town except in the bigger stores and malls. Never pay face value when buying from the local vendors around town. Hotels can be costly, so if you are a student it would be a good idea to look for a hostel in Kampala. Most people have to buy a visa when they arrive at the airport currently (2006-May-04) this costs US $50 (single-entry 3 month). Bills must be newer than 2000! You used to have to pay when you left the country (air-tax), but this has been removed.
Tipping is not part of Ugandan culture and not expected, but it would definitely get you amazing service.

Eat

Food from Uganda is a sensation. You can sample the luwombo, which is meat or groundnut sauce steamed in banana leaves. It has a tantalising aroma, and is always served with "food", which in Ugandan parlance indicates any carbohydrate. The staple "food" varies from region to region, with the plantain matooke in the south, millet in the north, and potatos in the west. .Cassava, posho (made from ground maize), sweet potatos and rice are other common "foods". The whole fried fish is succulent, though mostly available at the beach, and usually served with chips/French fries.^ They, too, were mostly in Hebrew, though there were newspapers there in English and French and Russian, too.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

Other common options around Kampala include the traditional matooke, binyebwa (groundnut sauce), chapati, and meat stew. For the less adventurous, toasted sandwiches or omelets can be found in many places.
If this does not appeal, it is best (and far more interesting) to stop at roadside stands or markets to purchase fresh produce -- fruits and vegetables abound and are very affordable, to say nothing of the roasted chicken or goat on a stick. There are also a number of fast-food places, such as Nando’s, Steers, Domino’s Pizza, and Hungry Lion, all in the city centre.
A basic local dish starts at around 1,000 USh, and goes up to 5,000 at a local buffet, or even 10,000 at a posh hotel. A slice of pineapple from a street vendor can cost as little as 300 shillings.
See the Fang Fang Hotel below for good Chinese food in Kampala. Other Chinese restaurants with good food include Fang Fang Restaurant (different and more expensive from the hotel), and Golden China restaurant, all located in the city centre, and Nanjing Hotel in Kololo Hill.
In Entebbe, try the Boma Guesthouse on Gowers Rd. (see below under Sleep). Local food in Entebbe can be found at the Golf Course Restaurant and at the Airport Motel among other places.
In Jinja, the Ling Ling offers some great Chinese food. But head downtown on Main Street to the Source Cafe for a great variety of food (and you can surf the web while you eat).

Drink

.Coffee is one of the best products from Uganda, but the British hooked the locals on tea, so finding a decent cup of native joe is nearly impossible, especially outside of Kampala.^ Kings College Budo One of the oldest, best known secondary schools in Uganda.

.In Kampala, try the coffee house 1000 Cups on Buganda Road.^ Café houses were dotted along the road and people sat at tables outside and drank small glasses of coffee, and ate cakes and smoked.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Worker's House 1, Pilkington Road, Kampala Uganda .
  • An MBendi Profile: Uganda Securities Exchange - General Information 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.mbendi.com [Source type: General]

Their coffee is also sold at the airport, Banana Boat stores, and many hotels. The coffee is marketed under the name Kiira Kawa (River Coffee). .In Jinja, stop by the Source Cafe for an incredible cappuccino--they had the sweetest espresso machine!^ Has reports from missionaries in Busoga, information on the internet cafe, The Source , owned by the Jinja Church of Christ, family newsletters , small photos, video clips.

Chai tea is available widely, and is best in the rural areas near the tea plantations. You will see signs posted on shops and kiosks where it can be purchased.
.Lower-end South African wine can be had in some restaurants, but stick with the beer.^ There were some Jewish farmers there, mainly South Africans who heard of the plan and were eager for it to succeed.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

.Any of the four major brands are acceptable, though the Pilsner brand is the only one made without added corn sugar for those who care about such things.^ Made excursion of about 3½ miles to Karuna with Masia and one porter.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

Be advised to drink Bottled water. Water flowing from taps is not treated.
Rainforest in the Ruwenzori mountains
Rainforest in the Ruwenzori mountains
There are many hotels in Uganda. If you go on the higher end you will pay high prices, over $100 per night. Standard traveller hotels will have simple rooms with shared bathrooms for around 3,000 to 10,000 shillings. Many places will rent you a tent, or place to pitch a tent for the budget traveller. .The Backpackers chain has hostel like accommidations at a variety of locations in Uganda including Kampala and Jinja.^ It is located twenty-three kilometers from Uganda’s capital and main city, Kampala, on the main road to Jinja.

A night stay will run you 7 to 9 dollars US a day. These are most frequently used by Truck tours which are popular with the less independent traveller there also Bed & Breakfast establishments to make you have a homely feel away from home at the lowest rates.

National Parks

The accommodations provided in the national parks by UWA are generally of a good standard and are quite inexpensive compared to alternatives. They vary in amenities and price, and the cheapest can be as little as USD5.00 or less per person per night.
.Few moderately priced options are available, and the high end, while expensive, are substandard compared to the high end options of Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa and other mature tourist destinations in Africa.^ Applicants must be resident citizens and other residents of Kenya, Tanzania, or Uganda .

^ The eight countries being evaluated are Algeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa and Uganda .

^ A gateway from Central Africa to the Horn of Africa, Uganda lies on the equator and borders the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda and Tanzania in the south, Kenya in the east, and Sudan in the north.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Unfortunately, few alternatives are available. There are some notable exceptions, but best to go either highest end or stay in the UWA budget accommodations and spend more on a better vehicle!

Stay safe

.Uganda has been home to some of the more gruesome atrocities in modern African history since its independence in 1962, particularly under the heinous dictator Idi Amin, but in the years since 1987 things have consistently improved.^ Buganda.com - Buganda Home Page Has a Primer on Speaking and Writing Luganda , a Luganda Grammar , Luganda Phrasebook , information on the Luganda Society , clans of Buganda, history, facts about Uganda, etc.

^ It relocated to Kampala, Uganda at the end of 1993 to try and tap information concerning African women and make it more accessible and available to women worldwide."

^ Approximately one-third of the 1.8 million IDPs in LRA-affected northern Uganda returned to or near their homes due to improved security conditions.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Today, in 2009, the single party state is relatively stable after 25 years of stereotypically 'strong man' rule by Yoweri Museveni.^ National Resistance Movement The governing political party in Uganda headed by Uganda President Yoweri Museveni.

^ Uganda, with a population of 30 million, is a republic led by President Yoweri Museveni of the dominant National Resistance Movement (NRM) party.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Kampala has changed into a major center of East African trade.
Travel north to Murchison Falls National Park and Ajai Game Reserve is perfectly safe. Note that overlanders from Tanzania and Kenya regularly make the trip routing through Jinja.
As in any urban area, Kampala can be dodgy. One is well advised to remain in tourist areas, but sensibly garbed visitors not dangling the latest cameras, flashy jewellery or bulging bags are not likely to draw unwanted attention to themselves. .However, any Caucasians walking in the street stand out and are likely to be stared at openly, which may cause discomfort to those unaccustomed to travelling in Africa.^ Globes of electrical lights hung high above the street, and the air was full of an unfamiliar stench, like that of chemical smoke pouring out of an invisible factory.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

What little begging exists is some of the most polite and inoffensive to be found in African cities. Small children are sadly becoming a nuisance in some rural spots frequented by tourists doling out sweets and coins, but nowhere near the swarming throng one can attract in many cities around the world.
.In the gorilla tracking region of the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park near the border with the DRC there was one incident in the late 1990's in which bandits attacked a group of tourists and killed several people.^ The organization's report warned of starvation and loss of social cohesion among desperate Batwa who lost their homes in the Bwindi Impenetrable Game Park when this became a World Heritage Site for preservation of endangered mountain gorillas in 1992.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was no national law against FGM, which was practiced by the Sabiny ethnic group in rural Kapchorwa District and the Pokot ethnic group along the northeastern border with Kenya.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast with 2006, there were no reports of killings by rebel or terrorist groups; however, incidents of vigilante justice were reported.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since then there have been no incidents and all groups now go out with armed guards (which was not the case before).^ In contrast with 2006, there were no reports that security forces or government officials provided material support to armed groups operating in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was no national law against FGM, which was practiced by the Sabiny ethnic group in rural Kapchorwa District and the Pokot ethnic group along the northeastern border with Kenya.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IGP Major General Kale Kayihura ordered an inquiry into the incident on March 10; however, there were no findings by year's end.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There is a visible security presence in the region, but this is a preventative measure rather than a response to anything specific.
Travelers should still avoid the North Eastern areas as Karimijong attacks have occurred that involved tourists.

Stay healthy

.AIDS/HIV infection rate is very high (even though lower than neighbouring countries).^ Prison populations had high mortality rates due to overcrowding, malnutrition, diseases spread by unsanitary conditions, HIV/AIDS, and lack of medical care.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Do not have unprotected sex.
Take precautions against malaria! It is worth seeking out a packet of Artenam while you are in Kampala if you are travelling up-country. Artenam is a reliable treatment and works on chloroquine-resistant malaria strains too.
Diarrhea disease and intestinal worms are also a concern and travelers should be careful what they eat or drink. .As a precaution, travelers should secure ciprofloxacin before they exit their home country because it can be used as a cure.^ However, as the security situation in the northern districts improved during the year, IDPs traveled outside the camps to farm, hunt, and gather wood and water, and they began to return to or near their homes.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ebola outbreaks and Marinburg have occurred the region and travelers should be careful of caves and animal bites.
Remember, that many of the lakes have bilharzia. Check with the locals and do not paddle on the lake shore if you're not sure.

Respect

Uganda has a fairly conservative Christian/Muslim based society. .It is not considered acceptable for women to wear skimpy clothing or to have overt displays of sexuality.Though this is the case, in the night life it is not unusually to see women dressed in a western manner though travelers should take care because this manner of dress will likely get you unwanted attention.^ It is half like a man and half like a huge, ape-faced bird, and you may know it at once from its fearful howling roar, and because in the dark of night its mouth glows red like the embers of a log.” .
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Like a place that is familiar though you”ve never been there before?
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

Most Ugandans go to church / mosque regularly and consider religion an important part of a moral society. Never criticize religion in presence of an Ugandan!
You will not be taken seriously if you wear shorts outside the obvious tourist destinations and no adult Ugandan would ever wear shorts. Use a pair of light trousers to blend in better.
.Don't be surprised if you see two men holding hands.^ I will see you in two months,” I said, and stepped into the cold outside.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

They are not homosexual, since homosexuality is regrettably forbidden by law and is indeed punishable. Good friends do this often.

Contact

.Mobile phone network coverage is available in most parts of the country (over 70%), but geography can make trouble in the mountainous regions.^ This region is already the poorest and most underdeveloped in the country, and, following the floods, there were fears of widespread hunger and the outbreak of epidemics.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

SIM cards are cheaply available everywhere in 'starter packs'.
Internet cafes can be readily found in Kampala and Jinja. .In all towns with more than about 20,000 you'll find internet cafes running off of either VSATs or mobile phones.^ More than you perhaps realise.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Although by 2006 some 500,000 Ugandans were HIV positive, the infection prevalence had been cut by more than half since 1992.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Internet connection bandwidth is very low and can be frustrating for one who is used to a high speed internet connection.^ He told me the part he mentioned was on very high ground, with fine climate and every possibility for a great colony, one that could support at least a million souls.” .
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.UGANDA, a British protectorate in Eastern Equatorial Africa, lying between Lakes Victoria and Albert and between the Mountain Nile and Lake Rudolf.^ Much of the country lies in the 'Interlacustrine Region' (Between the lakes) of Africa.
  • Uganda-Country Information 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC kabiza.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Uganda Former British protectorate in eastern Africa.
  • Uganda Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Uganda is a landlocked independent republic with a democratic government which lies between the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) and Kenya and forms part of the East African Region.
  • Uganda - An Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.mbendi.com [Source type: News]

The same name was originally applied to the Bantu kingdom of Buganda, which is one of the five provinces of the protectorate, but which is now styled officially by the correct native name of " Buganda." The Swahili followers of the first explorers always pronounced the territorial prefix, Bu, as a simple vowel, U; hence the incorrect rendering " Uganda " of the more primitive Bantu designation. .It was first applied to the kingdom of Mutesa, discovered by J. H. Speke in 1862, and in time came to include the large protectorate which grew out of the extension of British influence over Buganda.^ In 1894, the Kingdom of Buganda was placed under a formal British protectorate.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC clinton2.nara.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was first applied to the kingdom of Mutesa, discovered by J. H. Speke in 1862, and in time came to include the large protectorate which grew out of the extension of British influence over Buganda.

^ In 1894,the Kingdom of Buganda was placed under a formal British protectorate.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC clinton4.nara.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Table of contents

Boundaries and Area

.On the north the frontier of the protectorate is an undetermined line running between Lado (which lies a little north of 5° N.) on the Mountain Nile and the watershed of Lake Rudolf.^ UGANDA, a British protectorate in Eastern Equatorial Africa , lying between Lakes Victoria and Albert and between the Mountain Nile and Lake Rudolf .

^ On the north the frontier of the protectorate is an undetermined line running between Lado (which lies a little north of 5° N.) on the Mountain Nile and the watershed of Lake Rudolf.

^ From Mt Sabyino the frontier between Belgian Congo and the Uganda Protectorate goes in a direct line north to Mt Nkabwe, and thence along the Ishasha River, to its mouth on the S.E. shores of Albert Edward Nyanza.

.This northern boundary is in any case conterminous with the southern boundary of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.^ This northern boundary is in any case conterminous with the southern boundary of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan .

.On the east the limit of the Uganda Protectorate in 1901 was the thalweg of Lake Rudolf and a line drawn from the south-eastern coast of that lake south along the edge of the Laikipia and Kikuyu escarpments to the frontier of German East Africa.^ Uganda Former British protectorate in eastern Africa.
  • Uganda Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the east the limit of the Uganda Protectorate in 1901 was the thalweg of Lake Rudolf and a line drawn from the south-eastern coast of that lake south along the edge of the Laikipia and Kikuyu escarpments to the frontier of German East Africa .

^ Eastern province is one of the leading physical features of the Uganda and East Africa protectorates.

.The southern frontier of Uganda was the 1st degree of S. lat.; the western was the 30th meridian of E. long., from the German frontier on the south, across Albert Edward Nyanza and the Semliki River to the line of waterparting between the systems of the Congo and the Nile (in the country of Mboga); thence northwards this western boundary descended to the north coast of Albert Nyanza at Mahagi, and then followed the main stream of the Nile to about 5° N. In 1904, however, it was found that the 30th meridian had been placed some 25 m.^ From Mt Sabyino the frontier between Belgian Congo and the Uganda Protectorate goes in a direct line north to Mt Nkabwe, and thence along the Ishasha River, to its mouth on the S.E. shores of Albert Edward Nyanza.

^ The southern frontier of Uganda was the 1st degree of S. lat.; the western was the 30th meridian of E. long., from the German frontier on the south, across Albert Edward Nyanza and the Semliki River to the line of waterparting between the systems of the Congo and the Nile (in the country of Mboga); thence northwards this western boundary descended to the north coast of Albert Nyanza at Mahagi, and then followed the main stream of the Nile to about 5° N. In 1904, however, it was found that the 30th meridian had been placed some 25 m.

^ Uganda Protectorate from access to Albert Edward Nyanza while giving a corner of the Congo forest to Uganda.

west of its true position in the maps used when the frontier was agreed upon, and that if it was maintained as the dividing line it would cut off the .Uganda Protectorate from access to Albert Edward Nyanza while giving a corner of the Congo forest to Uganda.^ The Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest are National Parks in the extreme south-western corner of Uganda, which border the DRC and Rwanda.
  • Uganda travel advice 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.fco.gov.uk [Source type: News]

.A survey commission was subsequently despatched, and in 1910 British, Belgian and German delegates met in Brussels to draw up a new frontier line.^ A survey commission was subsequently despatched, and in 1910 British, Belgian and German delegates met in Brussels to draw up a new frontier line.

^ The new avenues for commerce such as that in East Equatorial Africa should be opened up, in view of the hostile tariffs with which British manufacturers are everywhere confronted."

^ Subsequent to their departure he had opened up relations with the British agent at Zanzibar.

.Germany was interested in the dispute, inasmuch as the southern frontier of the Uganda Protectorate coincided with the northern frontier of German East Africa.^ In 1888, control of the emerging British "sphere of interest" in East Africawas assigned by royal charter to the Imperial British East Africa Company, an arrangementstrengthened in 1890 by an Anglo-German agreement confirming British dominance over Kenyaand Uganda.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC clinton4.nara.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the scramble for colonies in Africa among European countries beginning in 1884, when the Berlin Conference was convened to partition Africa amongst European colonial rivals, Uganda became a British Protectorate.
  • Uganda-Country Information 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC kabiza.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1888, control of the emerging British "sphere of interest" in East Africa was assigned by royal charter to the Imperial British East Africa Company, an arrangement strengthened in 1890 by an Anglo-German agreement confirming British dominance over Kenya and Uganda.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC clinton2.nara.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Moreover Germany, Great Britain and Belgium (as inheritor of the Congo State) had conflicting claims in the region N.E. of Lake Kivu.^ Moreover Germany, Great Britain and Belgium (as inheritor of the Congo State) had conflicting claims in the region N.E. of Lake Kivu .

^ Great Britain or the state of Oregon.
  • Global Adrenaline :: Africa :: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.globaladrenaline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This memorial, four kilometres from Kisoro, marks the agreements in 1912 between Britain, Belgium and Germany that settled colonial boundaries, and established the District of Kigezi.
  • Uganda Safaris | Gorilla Safari | Gorilla trek Safaris| Birdwatching Tours | Rwenzori Tour | Chimpanzee Tracking Tours 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC safariweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the 14th of May 1910 a protocol was signed defining the new frontier as follows: From the north end of Lake Kivu the Congo-German frontier turns east by north, traversing the volcanic region of Mfumbiro, and crosses the summit of Mt Karissimbi to the summit of Mt Sabyino, where the British, Belgian and German frontiers meet.^ On the 14th of May 1910 a protocol was signed defining the new frontier as follows: From the north end of Lake Kivu the Congo-German frontier turns east by north, traversing the volcanic region of Mfumbiro , and crosses the summit of Mt Karissimbi to the summit of Mt Sabyino, where the British, Belgian and German frontiers meet.

^ Sudan to its north, Kenya to the east, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, Tanzania and Rwanda to the south.

^ The imports included the transit trade (with the Belgian Congo and German East Africa), which grew from £8460 in1903-1904to £82,615 in 1908-1909.

.From Mt Sabyino the frontier between Belgian Congo and the Uganda Protectorate goes in a direct line north to Mt Nkabwe, and thence along the Ishasha River, to its mouth on the S.E. shores of Albert Edward Nyanza.^ From Mt Sabyino the frontier between Belgian Congo and the Uganda Protectorate goes in a direct line north to Mt Nkabwe, and thence along the Ishasha River, to its mouth on the S.E. shores of Albert Edward Nyanza.

^ Uganda Protectorate from access to Albert Edward Nyanza while giving a corner of the Congo forest to Uganda.

^ Uganda is a landlocked independent republic with a democratic government which lies between the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) and Kenya and forms part of the East African Region.
  • Uganda - An Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.mbendi.com [Source type: News]

.Thence it crosses that lake in a straight line and afterwards the Ruwenzori to its highest point, Margherita peak, whence it follows the Lamia River to its junction with the Semliki.^ Thence it crosses that lake in a straight line and afterwards the Ruwenzori to its highest point, Margherita peak, whence it follows the Lamia River to its junction with the Semliki.

^ The plateau is bounded (W) by the western branch of the Great Rift Valley , including lakes Albert and Edward (in each case about half of the lake is in Uganda) and the Albert Nile River; by the Ruwenzori Range (SW), including Margherita Peak (16,794 ft/5,119 m), Uganda's loftiest point, and the Virunga Mts.; by Lake Victoria (S), about half of which is in Uganda; and by several mountain ranges (E and N).
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^ The highest peak, Margherita, rises to 16,600 feet (5,109 meters), making it the third highest peak in all of Africa, after only Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya.
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.From that point the frontier is formed by the Semliki to its mouth and the middle of Albert Nyanza to a point opposite Mahagi, where it meets the CongoSudan frontier.^ From that point the frontier is formed by the Semliki to its mouth and the middle of Albert Nyanza to a point opposite Mahagi, where it meets the CongoSudan frontier.

^ From Mt Sabyino the frontier between Belgian Congo and the Uganda Protectorate goes in a direct line north to Mt Nkabwe, and thence along the Ishasha River, to its mouth on the S.E. shores of Albert Edward Nyanza.

.Meantime in 1903 the then Eastern province of the Uganda Protectorate had been transferred to the adjoining East Africa Protectorate, the new eastern boundary being the west coast of Lake Rudolf, the river Turkwel, the eastern flanks of Mt Elgon, the Sio River, and a line running south from the mouth of the Sio across Victoria Nyanza to 1° S. The area of the protectorate, approximately 150,000 sq.^ A forest area of 150 sq.

^ Lake Rudolf (about 3500 sq.

^ The capital of the Eastern province is Jinja, on the Victoria Nyanza, immediately above and east of the Ripon Falls.

m. in 1901, has been reduced by these changes to about 1 r 0,000 sq. m.

Physical Features

.The protectorate, with a singularly diversified surface of lofty plateaus, snow-capped mountains, vast swamps, dense forests and regions of desolate aridity (valley of Climate. Lake Rudolf), offers a remarkable variety of climates.^ Lake Rudolf), offers a remarkable variety of climates.

^ The protectorate, with a singularly diversified surface of lofty plateaus, snow -capped mountains, vast swamps, dense forests and regions of desolate aridity (valley of Climate.

^ The surface of the protectorate is diversified.

.The Rudolf province lies low - an average altitude of not more than 2000 ft.^ The Rudolf province lies low - an average altitude of not more than 2000 ft.

^ Land and People Lying astride the equator, most of Uganda consists of a fertile plateau (average elevation 4,000 ft/1,220 m), in the center of which is Lake Kyoga.
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^ Lying astride the equator, most of Uganda consists of a fertile plateau (average elevation 4,000 ft/1,220 m), in the center of which is Lake Kyoga.
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- is extremely hot, and has a very poor rainfall. .In some of its districts no rain falls for two years at a time, elsewhere scarcely as much as io in.^ In some of its districts no rain falls for two years at a time, elsewhere scarcely as much as io in.

^ Central, eastern and western parts of the country have two rainy seasons a year, with the March May one being heavy rains and the September – December one being light rains.
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^ Because for some three or so decades, men and women started practicing having no children or they had just one or two children.
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per annum. .The Eastern province is abundantly watered near Victoria Nyanza and around Mt Elgon and the noble Debasien mountain (about 50 in.^ The Eastern province is abundantly watered near Victoria Nyanza and around Mt Elgon and the noble Debasien mountain (about 50 in.

^ Lake Victoria, the second largest fresh water body in the world, provides for the small-scale fish industry in the south and south-eastern region.

^ The glaciers of the Rwenzori mountains have retreated by about 40% since 1955, threatening the stability of the water cycle.
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to too in. annually); elsewhere, in .Karamojo and the northern regions, the rainfall lessens to about 20 in.^ Karamojo and the northern regions, the rainfall lessens to about 20 in.

^ Vegetation zones can be roughly classified according to the rainfall zones and are generally; Lake region, Northern Region, and the Highlands of the South-East.
  • Uganda-Country Information 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC kabiza.com [Source type: Original source]

.Busoga and the western part of the Elgon district in this province have a regular West African climate - hot, moist and not over-healthy.^ Busoga and the Elgon district the flora is very West African in character.

^ Busoga and the western part of the Elgon district in this province have a regular West African climate - hot, moist and not over-healthy.

^ These are the conditions of Buganda, a country with an annual rainfall of from 60 to 80 in., a regular West African climate, and severe and frequent thunderstorms.

.These are the conditions of Buganda, a country with an annual rainfall of from 60 to 80 in., a regular West African climate, and severe and frequent thunderstorms.^ These are the conditions of Buganda, a country with an annual rainfall of from 60 to 80 in., a regular West African climate, and severe and frequent thunderstorms.

^ The NAPA presents extensive evidence that the predictions of climate change science are already occurring in Uganda, particularly in the frequency of drought and intensity of rainfall.
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^ In the Kisumu province of East Africa even, there are several West African mammals such as the broad-horned tragelaph and the forest pig .

.Much the same may be said about the Western province, except for the cooling influence of the Ruwenzori snow range, which pleasantly affects Toro and northern Ankole.^ Much the same may be said about the Western province, except for the cooling influence of the Ruwenzori snow range, which pleasantly affects Toro and northern Ankole.

^ Somewhat similar arrangements on a lesser scale were made with the king of Ankole, the kings of Toro and Unyoro, and with the much less important chieftains or tribes of other districts.

^ Gneiss, granite and quartz - the decomposed granite giving the red " African " clay - are the leading features in the formations of the Northern province, of Buganda, and of the Western province, with some sandstone in the littoral districts of Buganda and in Ankole, and eruptive rocks.

.The rainfall on Ruwenzori and the central Semliki valley is quite loo in.^ The rainfall on Ruwenzori and the central Semliki valley is quite loo in.

per annum. .Along the Ruwenzori range are glaciers and snowfields nearly 15 m.^ Along the Ruwenzori range are glaciers and snowfields nearly 15 m.

in continuous length and some 5 m. in breadth. .The Northern (formerly called the Nile) province is perhaps the hottest part of Uganda.^ Uganda welcomes any effort to bring peace to the northern region that has suffered at the hands of the LRA. ( African News Dimension ) Call for Regional Effort to Tackle LRA (May 9, 2006) .

^ UN Under Secretary General for Humanitarian Affairs Jan Egeland called on the UN to appoint a special envoy in northern Uganda.

^ MSF Responds to Meningitis Epidemic in the West Nile region of Northern Uganda .

.Like the districts round Lake Rudolf, the average altitude (near the Nile) is not more than 2000 ft., but the rainfall is more abundant than in the terrible Rudolf region, being an average of 30 in.^ The Rudolf province lies low - an average altitude of not more than 2000 ft.

^ Like the districts round Lake Rudolf, the average altitude (near the Nile) is not more than 2000 ft., but the rainfall is more abundant than in the terrible Rudolf region, being an average of 30 in.

^ Land and People Lying astride the equator, most of Uganda consists of a fertile plateau (average elevation 4,000 ft/1,220 m), in the center of which is Lake Kyoga.
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per annum.
.The surface of the protectorate is diversified.^ The surface of the protectorate is diversified.

^ The protectorate, with a singularly diversified surface of lofty plateaus, snow -capped mountains, vast swamps, dense forests and regions of desolate aridity (valley of Climate.

Mount Elgon (q.v.) just outside the .Eastern province is one of the leading physical features of the Uganda and East Africa protectorates.^ During the scramble for colonies in Africa among European countries beginning in 1884, when the Berlin Conference was convened to partition Africa amongst European colonial rivals, Uganda became a British Protectorate.
  • Uganda-Country Information 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC kabiza.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Uganda is a land locked country in East Africa whose land area of 241,139 sq.

^ Founded in 2004, The Uganda International Film Foundation (UIFF), based in Kampala was formed to respond to a vacuum in the film industry in East Africa .
  • Africancolours: your guide to contemporary African art 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC uganda.africancolours.net [Source type: General]

.It consists of the vast crater - some 10 m.^ It consists of the vast crater - some 10 m.

in diameter - of an extinct .volcano, the rim of which rises in several Rivers. places to over 14,000 ft.^ A good deal of high land - rising in some peaks to near 10,000 ft.

.Terraces and buttresses extend and ramify in all directions from the central crater, so that the giant volcano and its surrounding heights form a mountain country (notable for its innumerable cascades and dense forests) the size of Montenegro.^ Terraces and buttresses extend and ramify in all directions from the central crater, so that the giant volcano and its surrounding heights form a mountain country (notable for its innumerable cascades and dense forests) the size of Montenegro .

^ They returned without success, and a climb to the top of the mountain, though it offered an extensive view of the surrounding country, disclosed no sign of any tent.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Tracing a stream with clear mountain water, we finally entered a narrow valley girt on all sides by mountains, and extending upwards of fifteen miles to the north.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

.The mass of Elgon can be seen from the northeast coast of Victoria Nyanza, from near the main Nile stream, from the heights overlooking Lake Rudolf and from the Kikuyu escarpment.^ The mass of Elgon can be seen from the northeast coast of Victoria Nyanza, from near the main Nile stream, from the heights overlooking Lake Rudolf and from the Kikuyu escarpment.

^ But much of the lower ground is stony and poor in vegetation, while the lowland near the main Nile is exceedingly marshy.

^ The Ripon Falls, in the centre of the northern coast of the Victoria Nyanza, at the head of the exquisitely beautiful Napoleon Gulf, mark the exit of the fully born Nile from the great lake.

.The Eastern province consists of well-forested, undulating land (Busoga) on the coast of the lake, a vast extent of marsh round the lake-like backwaters of the Victoria Nile (Lakes Ibrahim or Kioga, Kwania, &c.^ The Eastern province consists of well-forested, undulating land (Busoga) on the coast of the lake, a vast extent of marsh round the lake-like backwaters of the Victoria Nile (Lakes Ibrahim or Kioga, Kwania, &c.

^ Land and People Lying astride the equator, most of Uganda consists of a fertile plateau (average elevation 4,000 ft/1,220 m), in the center of which is Lake Kyoga.
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^ The swampy regions of the Nile and of the Eastern province are characterized by an extravagant growth of papyrus and other rushes, of reeds and coarse grass .

) and a more stony, open, .grain-growing country (Bukedi, Lobor, Karamojo).^ (Bukedi, Lobor, Karamojo).

.The Turkana country west of Lake Rudolf has been of late years terribly arid.^ The Turkana country west of Lake Rudolf has been of late years terribly arid.

^ Gold - in some cases alluvial - is found in the mountainous country to the north-west of Lake Rudolf.

^ The languages spoken in the Uganda Protectorate belong to the following stocks : (1) Hamitic (Murle and Rendile of Lake Rudolf); (2) Masai (Bari, Elgumi, Turkana, Suk, &c.

.A little vegetation is met with in the stream valleys, but most of the rivers marked on the map have ceased to show running water in their lower courses.^ A little vegetation is met with in the stream valleys, but most of the rivers marked on the map have ceased to show running water in their lower courses.

^ Tracing a stream with clear mountain water, we finally entered a narrow valley girt on all sides by mountains, and extending upwards of fifteen miles to the north.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Avoid swimming, wading, or rafting in bodies of fresh water, such as lakes, ponds, streams, or rivers.
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.A good deal of high land - rising in some peaks to near 10,000 ft.^ A good deal of high land - rising in some peaks to near 10,000 ft.

^ Land and People Lying astride the equator, most of Uganda consists of a fertile plateau (average elevation 4,000 ft/1,220 m), in the center of which is Lake Kyoga.
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- is found in the eastern part of the .Northern province, and these heights attract moisture and nourish permanent streams flowing Nilewards.^ Northern province, and these heights attract moisture and nourish permanent streams flowing Nilewards.

^ The protectorate is divided into five provinces - Rudolf, Eastern (formerly central), kingdom of Buganda, Western, and Northern (formerly Nile) - and these again into a number of administrative districts.

.But much of the lower ground is stony and poor in vegetation, while the lowland near the main Nile is exceedingly marshy.^ But much of the lower ground is stony and poor in vegetation, while the lowland near the main Nile is exceedingly marshy.

^ The mass of Elgon can be seen from the northeast coast of Victoria Nyanza, from near the main Nile stream, from the heights overlooking Lake Rudolf and from the Kikuyu escarpment.

.The Ripon Falls, in the centre of the northern coast of the Victoria Nyanza, at the head of the exquisitely beautiful Napoleon Gulf, mark the exit of the fully born Nile from the great lake.^ The Ripon Falls, in the centre of the northern coast of the Victoria Nyanza, at the head of the exquisitely beautiful Napoleon Gulf, mark the exit of the fully born Nile from the great lake.

^ There is a large hydroelectric plant (Nalubaale Power Station) at Owen Falls, located on the Victoria Nile where it leaves Lake Victoria.
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^ In connexion with the railway from Mombasa to Victoria Nyanza a steamship service is maintained on the lake between Port Florence , Entebbe and other ports, including those in German territory.

.The Victoria Nile tumbles over 50 m.^ The Victoria Nile tumbles over 50 m.

of cascades and rapids (descending some 700 ft. in that distance) between .Ripon Falls and Kakoge.^ Ripon Falls and Kakoge.

.Here it broadens into Lake Ibrahim (Kioga) (in reality a vast backwater of the Nile discovered by Colonel Chaille Long in 1874), and continues navigable (save for sudd obstacles at times) right through Lake Ibrahim and thence northwards for loo m.^ Here it broadens into Lake Ibrahim (Kioga) (in reality a vast backwater of the Nile discovered by Colonel Chaille Long in 1874), and continues navigable (save for sudd obstacles at times) right through Lake Ibrahim and thence northwards for loo m.

^ Government boats also ply on the Victoria Nile and Lake Kioga (Ibrahim) and on Albert Nyanza and the Mountain Nile.

^ The Eastern province consists of well-forested, undulating land (Busoga) on the coast of the lake, a vast extent of marsh round the lake-like backwaters of the Victoria Nile (Lakes Ibrahim or Kioga, Kwania, &c.

to .Foweira and Karuma Falls.^ Foweira and Karuma Falls.

.Between Karuma and Murchison Falls the Victoria Nile is unnavigable.^ Between Karuma and Murchison Falls the Victoria Nile is unnavigable.

^ Lake Nakuru, Jinja, Murchison Falls, Kampala, Lake Victoria, Serengeti and ...
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^ There is a large hydroelectric plant (Nalubaale Power Station) at Owen Falls, located on the Victoria Nile where it leaves Lake Victoria.
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.At Fajao the navigation can be resumed into Lake Albert.^ At Fajao the navigation can be resumed into Lake Albert.

^ The main Nile stream when it quits Lake Albert continues navigable as far north as Nimule (3° 40' N.).

.The main Nile stream when it quits Lake Albert continues navigable as far north as Nimule (3° 40' N.).^ The main Nile stream when it quits Lake Albert continues navigable as far north as Nimule (3° 40' N.).

^ Government boats also ply on the Victoria Nile and Lake Kioga (Ibrahim) and on Albert Nyanza and the Mountain Nile.

^ The mass of Elgon can be seen from the northeast coast of Victoria Nyanza, from near the main Nile stream, from the heights overlooking Lake Rudolf and from the Kikuyu escarpment.

.Between Nimule and Fort Berkeley the river flows through a deep gorge and falls nearly woo ft.^ Between Nimule and Fort Berkeley the river flows through a deep gorge and falls nearly woo ft.

Navigability really only begins again at Gondokoro on the Sudan frontier, from which point steamers ply to Khartum (see Nile).
The geography of the Western province includes many interesting features, the in many ways peculiar Albert Nyanza (q.v.), the great snowy range of Ruwenzori (q.v.), the dense .Semliki, Budonga, Mpanga and Bunyaraguru forests, the salt lakes and salt springs of Unyoro and western Toro, the innumerable and singularly beautiful crater lakes of Toro and Ankole, the volcanic region of Mfumbiro (where active and extinct volcanoes rise in great cones to altitudes of from 11,000 to nearly 15,000 ft.^ Semliki, Budonga, Mpanga and Bunyaraguru forests, the salt lakes and salt springs of Unyoro and western Toro, the innumerable and singularly beautiful crater lakes of Toro and Ankole, the volcanic region of Mfumbiro (where active and extinct volcanoes rise in great cones to altitudes of from 11,000 to nearly 15,000 ft.

^ Somewhat similar arrangements on a lesser scale were made with the king of Ankole, the kings of Toro and Unyoro, and with the much less important chieftains or tribes of other districts.

^ In 1909 Albert Edward Nyanza was renamed by British geo lakes of Toro and Ankole (singularly beautiful), the lake-swamps Salisbury and Kirkpatrick in the Eastern province, Lakes Wamala in Buganda, and Kachera in Ankole.

), and the healthy plateaus of .Ankole, which are in a lesser degree analogous in climate and position, and the Nandi plateau on the east of Victoria Nyanza.^ Ankole, which are in a lesser degree analogous in climate and position, and the Nandi plateau on the east of Victoria Nyanza.

^ The capital of the Eastern province is Jinja, on the Victoria Nyanza, immediately above and east of the Ripon Falls.

.Ruwenzori is a snowy range, and not a single mountain.^ Ruwenzori is a snowy range, and not a single mountain.

.Its greatest altitude - the Duke of the Abruzzi's Mt Stanley (Margherita Peak) - is 16,816 ft., and therefore the third highest point on the African continent.^ Its greatest altitude - the Duke of the Abruzzi's Mt Stanley (Margherita Peak) - is 16,816 ft., and therefore the third highest point on the African continent.

^ The plateau is bounded (W) by the western branch of the Great Rift Valley , including lakes Albert and Edward (in each case about half of the lake is in Uganda) and the Albert Nile River; by the Ruwenzori Range (SW), including Margherita Peak (16,794 ft/5,119 m), Uganda's loftiest point, and the Virunga Mts.; by Lake Victoria (S), about half of which is in Uganda; and by several mountain ranges (E and N).
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^ Thence it crosses that lake in a straight line and afterwards the Ruwenzori to its highest point, Margherita peak, whence it follows the Lamia River to its junction with the Semliki.

.The Uganda Protectorate is a land of great lakes, and includes partially or wholly the water areas of Victoria Nyanza (about 27,000 sq.^ Lake Rudolf (about 3500 sq.

^ The water of Lake Victoria is perfectly fresh.

^ The Uganda Protectorate is a land of great lakes , and includes partially or wholly the water areas of Victoria Nyanza (about 27,000 sq.

m.), .Lake Rudolf (about 3500 sq.^ Lake Rudolf (about 3500 sq.

^ The Uganda Protectorate is a land of great lakes , and includes partially or wholly the water areas of Victoria Nyanza (about 27,000 sq.

m.), Lake IbrahimKioga-Kwania (800 sq. m.), Albert Nyanza (2700 sq. m.), and .Lakes Albert Edward and Dweru 1 (1500 sq.^ Lakes Albert Edward and Dweru 1 (1500 sq.

^ Democratic Republic of the Congo border, Bwamba County, Bundibugyo District, southwest of Fort Portal, between Albert and Edward lakes, near Kilembe.
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^ This is the case with all the other lakes except Rudolf, Albert Nyanza and Albert Edward, in which the water ranges from salt to slightly brackish.

m.), besides the small crater .1 In 1909 Albert Edward Nyanza was renamed by British geo lakes of Toro and Ankole (singularly beautiful), the lake-swamps Salisbury and Kirkpatrick in the Eastern province, Lakes Wamala in Buganda, and Kachera in Ankole.^ In 1909 Albert Edward Nyanza was renamed by British geo lakes of Toro and Ankole (singularly beautiful), the lake-swamps Salisbury and Kirkpatrick in the Eastern province, Lakes Wamala in Buganda, and Kachera in Ankole.

^ Semliki, Budonga, Mpanga and Bunyaraguru forests, the salt lakes and salt springs of Unyoro and western Toro, the innumerable and singularly beautiful crater lakes of Toro and Ankole, the volcanic region of Mfumbiro (where active and extinct volcanoes rise in great cones to altitudes of from 11,000 to nearly 15,000 ft.

^ The capital of the Eastern province is Jinja, on the Victoria Nyanza, immediately above and east of the Ripon Falls.

.The water of Lake Victoria is perfectly fresh.^ The water of Lake Victoria is perfectly fresh.

^ Lake Victoria, the second largest fresh water body in the world, provides for the small-scale fish industry in the south and south-eastern region.

^ The Uganda Protectorate is a land of great lakes , and includes partially or wholly the water areas of Victoria Nyanza (about 27,000 sq.

.This is the case with all the other lakes except Rudolf, Albert Nyanza and Albert Edward, in which the water ranges from salt to slightly brackish.^ This is the case with all the other lakes except Rudolf, Albert Nyanza and Albert Edward, in which the water ranges from salt to slightly brackish.

^ In 1909 Albert Edward Nyanza was renamed by British geo lakes of Toro and Ankole (singularly beautiful), the lake-swamps Salisbury and Kirkpatrick in the Eastern province, Lakes Wamala in Buganda, and Kachera in Ankole.

^ In connexion with the railway from Mombasa to Victoria Nyanza a steamship service is maintained on the lake between Port Florence , Entebbe and other ports, including those in German territory.

Geology

.Wide tracts remain geologically unexplored.^ Wide tracts remain geologically unexplored.

.Archean rocks - gneiss, schist and granite - cover large areas through which the Nile cuts its way in alternate narrow gorges and open reaches.^ Archean rocks - gneiss , schist and granite - cover large areas through which the Nile cuts its way in alternate narrow gorges and open reaches.

^ In the Eastern province the rocks are mainly quartz , gneiss and granite, with sandstone in Busoga, basalt round Mt Elgon, slate (Busoga) and iron- g stone (Busoga and Bukedi).

^ Yesterday, leaving the cave, we traversed a long way through tunnels of hard rock.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

.In Ankole and Koki rocks consisting of granular quartzite, schistose sandstone, red and brown sandstone, and shales with cleaved killas rest on the Archean platform and possibly represent the Lower Witwatersrand beds of the Transvaal.^ In Ankole and Koki rocks consisting of granular quartzite , schistose sandstone , red and brown sandstone, and shales with cleaved killas rest on the Archean platform and possibly represent the Lower Witwatersrand beds of the Transvaal .

^ Gneiss, granite and quartz - the decomposed granite giving the red " African " clay - are the leading features in the formations of the Northern province, of Buganda, and of the Western province, with some sandstone in the littoral districts of Buganda and in Ankole, and eruptive rocks.

.No traces of the Karroo formation have been detected.^ No traces of the Karroo formation have been detected.

.Volcanic rocks occur in Usoga and elsewhere.^ Volcanic rocks occur in Usoga and elsewhere.

.The Nile at the Ripon Falls leaps over a basalt dike.^ The Nile at the Ripon Falls leaps over a basalt dike .

.The rocks on the verge of the Kisumu province of East Africa are mainly volcanic (basalt, tuff, lava, kenyte).^ In the Rudolf province there and are the basalt, lava, tuff and kenyte of the volcanic mineralogy .

^ The rocks on the verge of the Kisumu province of East Africa are mainly volcanic (basalt, tuff , lava , kenyte).

^ In 1900, the Uganda Protectorate was divided into six provinces, but in 1903 the Eastern and part of the Central provinces were transferred to the British East Africa Protectorate.

.West of the volcanic region, nearer to Lake Victoria and the Eastern province, ironstone, granite, gneiss and schistose formations predominate, with phonolite in places.^ West of the volcanic region, nearer to Lake Victoria and the Eastern province, ironstone, granite, gneiss and schistose formations predominate, with phonolite in places.

^ The swampy regions of the Nile and of the Eastern province are characterized by an extravagant growth of papyrus and other rushes, of reeds and coarse grass .

^ Lake Victoria, the second largest fresh water body in the world, provides for the small-scale fish industry in the south and south-eastern region.

.Iron ore (haematite) is abundant.^ Iron ore (haematite) is abundant.

.In the Eastern province the rocks are mainly quartz, gneiss and granite, with sandstone in Busoga, basalt round Mt Elgon, slate (Busoga) and iron- g stone (Busoga and Bukedi).^ In the Eastern province the rocks are mainly quartz , gneiss and granite, with sandstone in Busoga, basalt round Mt Elgon, slate (Busoga) and iron- g stone (Busoga and Bukedi).

^ Gneiss, granite and quartz - the decomposed granite giving the red " African " clay - are the leading features in the formations of the Northern province, of Buganda, and of the Western province, with some sandstone in the littoral districts of Buganda and in Ankole, and eruptive rocks.

^ Archean rocks - gneiss , schist and granite - cover large areas through which the Nile cuts its way in alternate narrow gorges and open reaches.

.In the Rudolf province there and are the basalt, lava, tuff and kenyte of the volcanic mineralogy. Rift valley, overlying a formation of granite, gneiss and quartz.^ In the Rudolf province there and are the basalt, lava, tuff and kenyte of the volcanic mineralogy .

^ The rocks on the verge of the Kisumu province of East Africa are mainly volcanic (basalt, tuff , lava , kenyte).

^ Rift valley, overlying a formation of granite, gneiss and quartz.

.Gold - in some cases alluvial - is found in the mountainous country to the north-west of Lake Rudolf.^ Gold - in some cases alluvial - is found in the mountainous country to the north-west of Lake Rudolf.

^ UGANDA, a British protectorate in Eastern Equatorial Africa , lying between Lakes Victoria and Albert and between the Mountain Nile and Lake Rudolf .

^ Northwest corner, north of Lake Albert, Yumbe District, Aringa County, north of Lugbara, west of Ma’di.
  • Ethnologue report for Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.ethnologue.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gneiss, granite and quartz - the decomposed granite giving the red " African " clay - are the leading features in the formations of the Northern province, of Buganda, and of the Western province, with some sandstone in the littoral districts of Buganda and in Ankole, and eruptive rocks.^ Gneiss, granite and quartz - the decomposed granite giving the red " African " clay - are the leading features in the formations of the Northern province, of Buganda, and of the Western province, with some sandstone in the littoral districts of Buganda and in Ankole, and eruptive rocks.

^ Rift valley, overlying a formation of granite, gneiss and quartz.

^ In Ankole and Koki rocks consisting of granular quartzite , schistose sandstone , red and brown sandstone, and shales with cleaved killas rest on the Archean platform and possibly represent the Lower Witwatersrand beds of the Transvaal .

and lava in south-western .Ankole and on the eastern flanks of Ruwenzori.^ Ankole and on the eastern flanks of Ruwenzori.

.There are indications of copper in Busoga, of gold in Unyoro.^ There are indications of copper in Busoga, of gold in Unyoro.

.Iron is found nearly everywhere.^ Iron is found nearly everywhere.

.Graphite is present in Buganda and Unyoro.^ Graphite is present in Buganda and Unyoro.

Flora

.The vegetation is luxuriant except in the Rudolf region,.^ The vegetation is luxuriant except in the Rudolf region,.

which has the sparse flora of Somaliland. In the Western province,. .Busoga and the Elgon district the flora is very West African in character.^ Busoga and the Elgon district the flora is very West African in character.

^ Busoga and the western part of the Elgon district in this province have a regular West African climate - hot, moist and not over-healthy.

.The swampy regions of the Nile and of the Eastern province are characterized by an extravagant growth of papyrus and other rushes, of reeds and coarse grass.^ The swampy regions of the Nile and of the Eastern province are characterized by an extravagant growth of papyrus and other rushes, of reeds and coarse grass .

^ The protectorate is divided into five provinces - Rudolf, Eastern (formerly central), kingdom of Buganda, Western, and Northern (formerly Nile) - and these again into a number of administrative districts.

^ West of the volcanic region, nearer to Lake Victoria and the Eastern province, ironstone, granite, gneiss and schistose formations predominate, with phonolite in places.

.There are luxuriant tropical forests in the coast region of Buganda, in Busoga, west Elgon, western Unyoro, eastern Toro, the central Semliki valley and north-west Ankole.^ There are luxuriant tropical forests in the coast region of Buganda, in Busoga, west Elgon, western Unyoro, eastern Toro, the central Semliki valley and north-west Ankole.

^ Somewhat similar arrangements on a lesser scale were made with the king of Ankole, the kings of Toro and Unyoro, and with the much less important chieftains or tribes of other districts.

^ In 1909 Albert Edward Nyanza was renamed by British geo lakes of Toro and Ankole (singularly beautiful), the lake-swamps Salisbury and Kirkpatrick in the Eastern province, Lakes Wamala in Buganda, and Kachera in Ankole.

.The upper regions of Mt Elgon, Mt Debasien and Mt Agoro are clothed with forests of conifers - juniper and yew - and witch-hazels (Trichocladus). There are also giant yew-trees (Podocarpus) on the flanks of Ruwenzori and theMfumbirovolcanoes between 7000 and 9000 ft., but no junipers.^ There are also giant yew-trees ( Podocarpus ) on the flanks of Ruwenzori and theMfumbirovolcanoes between 7000 and 9000 ft., but no junipers.

^ The upper regions of Mt Elgon, Mt Debasien and Mt Agoro are clothed with forests of conifers - juniper and yew - and witch -hazels ( Trichocladus).

^ There was probably no direct intercourse with Egypt by way of the Nile, owing to the lake-like marshes between Bor and Fashoda , but instead an overland traffic with Ethiopia (the Land of Punt) via Mt Elgon and the Rudolf regions.

.The alpine vegetation on all these lofty mountains is of a mixed Cape and Abyssinian character - witch-hazels, senecios, lobelias, kniphofias, everlasting flowers, tree heaths and hypericums.^ The alpine vegetation on all these lofty mountains is of a mixed Cape and Abyssinian character - witch-hazels, senecios, lobelias, kniphofias, everlasting flowers, tree heaths and hypericums.

.The really tropical vegetation of Buganda is nearly identical with that of West Africa, but there is no oil-palm.^ The really tropical vegetation of Buganda is nearly identical with that of West Africa, but there is no oil- palm .

^ There are no bears in Africa.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There is also no longevity with the party ideologies compared to the Luther King or Malcom X Movements in the West.

Fauna

.The fauna also has many West African affinities in the hot, forested regions.^ The fauna also has many West African affinities in the hot, forested regions.

^ In the Kisumu province of East Africa even, there are several West African mammals such as the broad-horned tragelaph and the forest pig .

^ Busoga and the western part of the Elgon district in this province have a regular West African climate - hot, moist and not over-healthy.

.In the Kisumu province of East Africa even, there are several West African mammals such as the broad-horned tragelaph and the forest pig.^ In the Kisumu province of East Africa even, there are several West African mammals such as the broad-horned tragelaph and the forest pig .

^ These are the conditions of Buganda, a country with an annual rainfall of from 60 to 80 in., a regular West African climate, and severe and frequent thunderstorms.

^ The really tropical vegetation of Buganda is nearly identical with that of West Africa, but there is no oil- palm .

These are also found in part of the Semliki forests. .As a rule, however, the fauna of the Upper Semliki valley, of parts of Ankole, Buganda and Unyoro, of the Northern, Rudolf and Eastern provinces, is of that " East African," " Ethiopic " character which is specially the feature of South and East Africa and of the Sudan right across from Abyssinia to the river Senegal.^ As a rule, however, the fauna of the Upper Semliki valley, of parts of Ankole, Buganda and Unyoro, of the Northern, Rudolf and Eastern provinces, is of that " East African," " Ethiopic " character which is specially the feature of South and East Africa and of the Sudan right across from Abyssinia to the river Senegal .

^ Eastern province is one of the leading physical features of the Uganda and East Africa protectorates.

^ Sudan to its north, Kenya to the east, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, Tanzania and Rwanda to the south.

.Among notable mammals the chimpanzee is found in Unyoro, Toro and north-west Ankole, and has only recently become extinct in Buganda; the okapi inhabits the Semliki forests on the Congo frontier; the giraffe (the male sometimes developing five horn cores) is common in the Northern, Eastern and Rudolf provinces; there are three types of buffalo - the Cape, the Congo and the Abyssinian; two species of zebra (one of them Grevy's), the African wild ass, the square-lipped (" white ") and pointed-lipped (" black ") rhinoceroses, the elephant, hippopotamus, water tragelaph (" Speke's antelope "), Cape ant-bear, aard-wolf (Proteles), hunting-dog, and nearly every genus and most of the species of African antelopes.^ These are also found in part of the Semliki forests.

^ In the Kisumu province of East Africa even, there are several West African mammals such as the broad-horned tragelaph and the forest pig .

^ There are luxuriant tropical forests in the coast region of Buganda, in Busoga, west Elgon, western Unyoro, eastern Toro, the central Semliki valley and north-west Ankole.

.The birds are more West African than the mammals, and include the grey parrot, all the genera of the splendidly-coloured turacoes, the unique " whale-headed stork," and the ostrich.^ The birds are more West African than the mammals, and include the grey parrot , all the genera of the splendidly-coloured turacoes, the unique " whale -headed stork ," and the ostrich .

^ In the Kisumu province of East Africa even, there are several West African mammals such as the broad-horned tragelaph and the forest pig .

Inhabitants

.The inhabitants in 1909 numbered about 3,5 00, 000 natives, 3000 British Indians and Arabs, and 507 Europeans (British, French, Germans, Italians and Maltese).^ The inhabitants in 1909 numbered about 3,5 00, 000 natives, 3000 British Indians and Arabs , and 507 Europeans (British, French, Germans, Italians and Maltese).

^ The Baganda converts did not seem to realize that they were fighting the wars of the Arabs, the British and French imperialists.

^ Arab, Somali and Negro) traders, by British Indians and by Germans.

.Of these last 119 were women.^ Of these last 119 were women.

.The races indigenous to the protectorate are mainly of the Negro species (with slight Caucasian intermixture), and may be divided into the following categories.^ The races indigenous to the protectorate are mainly of the Negro species (with slight Caucasian intermixture), and may be divided into the following categories.

^ The aboriginal stock of the Uganda Protectorate is undoubtedly the pigmy-prognathous, which has gradually been absorbed, overlaid or exterminated by better developed specimens of the Negro sub-species, or by Negro-Caucasian hybrids from the north and north-east.

^ In 1900, the Uganda Protectorate was divided into six provinces, but in 1903 the Eastern and part of the Central provinces were transferred to the British East Africa Protectorate.

.(r) Pigmy-prognathous (so-called " Congo " pigmies of Semliki forest, of Kiagwe in Buganda, and of the western graphers (with the consent of Edward VII.) Lake Edward, and.^ Pigmy-prognathous (so-called " Congo " pigmies of Semliki forest, of Kiagwe in Buganda, and of the western graphers (with the consent of Edward VII.) Lake Edward, and.

^ The pigmies are generally known as Bambute or Bakwa in the Semliki forests.

^ Uganda Protectorate from access to Albert Edward Nyanza while giving a corner of the Congo forest to Uganda.

.Lake Dweru Lake George, in honour of George V.^ Lake Dweru Lake George , in honour of George V .

flanks of .Mt Elgon and the types of Forest Negroes); (2) Bantu negroes (Banyolo, Bairu, Basese, Basoga, Bakonjo, Baganda, Masaba and Lavirondo); (3) Nile negroes (Aluru, Bari, Madi, Acholi, Gang, Lango, Latuka, Tesi, Sabei_(Nandi), Turkana and Karamojo); (4) Hamitic (some tribes on islands and the north coast of Lake Rudolf; and the remarkable " Hima " or " Huma " aristocracy in Unyoro, Buganda, Toro and Ankole).^ Thomson succeeded (he also discovered Lake Baringo and Mt Elgon), but turned back from the frontier of Busoga in order not to provoke Mutesa to hostilities.

^ The territories north and north-east of these Bantu kingdoms are inhabited by Nilotic negroes and up to 1909 were left almost unadministered, except in close vicinity to the Nile banks .

^ He gave the kingdom of Buganda a definite constitution, settled the land question in the provinces of Buganda, Busoga, Unyoro, Toro and Ankole, and also the question of native taxation .

.The pigmies are generally known as Bambute or Bakwa in the Semliki forests.^ The pigmies are generally known as Bambute or Bakwa in the Semliki forests.

^ Pigmy-prognathous (so-called " Congo " pigmies of Semliki forest, of Kiagwe in Buganda, and of the western graphers (with the consent of Edward VII.) Lake Edward, and.

.They are both reddish yellow and brownish black (according to individual variation) in skin colour, with head hair often tending to russet, and body hair of two kinds - black and bristly on the upper lip, chin, chest, axillae and pubes; and yellowish and fleecy on the cheeks, back and limbs.^ They are both reddish yellow and brownish black (according to individual variation) in skin colour, with head hair often tending to russet, and body hair of two kinds - black and bristly on the upper lip , chin, chest , axillae and pubes; and yellowish and fleecy on the cheeks, back and limbs.

^ Yesterday me and Jade (a I volunteer with) took two of our students to the hospital, both of them are alright they just needed some medication which they got.

.Their faces are remarkable for the long upper lip and the depressed broad nose with enormous alae.^ Their faces are remarkable for the long upper lip and the depressed broad nose with enormous alae.

.Associated with these pigmies is the " Forest Negro " type (Lendu, Lega, Baamba, Banande) of normal human stature, but short-legged and unusually prognathous.^ Associated with these pigmies is the " Forest Negro " type (Lendu, Lega, Baamba, Banande) of normal human stature, but short-legged and unusually prognathous.

^ Pigmy-prognathous (so-called " Congo " pigmies of Semliki forest, of Kiagwe in Buganda, and of the western graphers (with the consent of Edward VII.) Lake Edward, and.

.The Bantu negroes represent the future ruling race of the protectorate, and include the remarkable Baganda people.^ The Bantu negroes represent the future ruling race of the protectorate, and include the remarkable Baganda people.

^ Until recent years the Baganda and most of the other Bantu peoples of the protectorate worshipped ancestral and nature spirits who had become elevated to the rank of gods and goddesses.

^ As a general rule, it may be said that all the Bantu tribes in the western half of the protectorate, including the Basoga, are careful to consider decency in their clothing, while the Nilotic negroes are often completely nude in both sexes.

.These last, prior to the arrival of Arabs and Europeans, displayed a nearer approach to civilization than has as yet been attained by an unaided Negro people.^ These last, prior to the arrival of Arabs and Europeans, displayed a nearer approach to civilization than has as yet been attained by an unaided Negro people.

Their dynasty of monarchs can be traced back with tolerable certainty to a period coincident with the reign of Henry IV. of England (A.D. 1400). .The first Buganda king was probably a Hamite of the Hima stock (from Unyoro).^ The first Buganda king was probably a Hamite of the Hima stock (from Unyoro).

^ King Suna of Buganda first heard of the outer world of white men in 1850 from a runaway Baluch soldier of Zanzibar.

.Until recent years the Baganda and most of the other Bantu peoples of the protectorate worshipped ancestral and nature spirits who had become elevated to the rank of gods and goddesses.^ Until recent years the Baganda and most of the other Bantu peoples of the protectorate worshipped ancestral and nature spirits who had become elevated to the rank of gods and goddesses.

^ Land and People Lying astride the equator, most of Uganda consists of a fertile plateau (average elevation 4,000 ft/1,220 m), in the center of which is Lake Kyoga.
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^ The Bantu negroes represent the future ruling race of the protectorate, and include the remarkable Baganda people.

.The Baganda are now mainly Christian.^ The Baganda are now mainly Christian.

.There is also a " totem " system still in vogue.^ There is also a " totem " system still in vogue.

.All the Baganda belong to one or other of twenty-nine clans, or " Bika, " which are named after and have as totem familiar beasts, birds, fish or vegetables.^ All he gave me was one name.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ All the Baganda belong to one or other of twenty-nine clans, or " Bika, " which are named after and have as totem familiar beasts, birds, fish or vegetables.

.The Baganda are not a very moral people, but they have an extreme regard for decency, and are always scrupulously clothed (formerly in bark-cloth, now in calico).^ Whereas previously the land was publicly owned so that the people derived the right to use it from the Kabaka, now they could take individual possession of it.

.As a general rule, it may be said that all the Bantu tribes in the western half of the protectorate, including the Basoga, are careful to consider decency in their clothing, while the Nilotic negroes are often completely nude in both sexes.^ As a general rule, it may be said that all the Bantu tribes in the western half of the protectorate, including the Basoga, are careful to consider decency in their clothing, while the Nilotic negroes are often completely nude in both sexes.

^ Much the same may be said about the Western province, except for the cooling influence of the Ruwenzori snow range, which pleasantly affects Toro and northern Ankole.

^ In the Bahima the proportion of Caucasian blood is about one-fourth; in the Nile negroes and Bantu from one-sixteenth to none at all.

.More or less, absolute nudity among men is characteristic even of the Bahima (Hamites).^ More or less, absolute nudity among men is characteristic even of the Bahima (Hamites).

.But in this aristocratic caste the women are scrupulously clothed.^ But in this aristocratic caste the women are scrupulously clothed.

.The Nile negroes and Hima are tall people.^ The Nile negroes and Hima are tall people.

.The former are seldom handsome, owing to their flat faces and projecting cheek-bones.^ The former are seldom handsome, owing to their flat faces and projecting cheek-bones.

.The Bahima are often markedly handsome, even to European eyes.^ The Bahima are often markedly handsome, even to European eyes.

.In the Bahima the proportion of Caucasian blood is about one-fourth; in the Nile negroes and Bantu from one-sixteenth to none at all.^ In the Bahima the proportion of Caucasian blood is about one-fourth; in the Nile negroes and Bantu from one-sixteenth to none at all.

^ There should also be an intensive education campaign all over the country as promised so that every one is enlightened about the law and can help out in ensuring it is implemented.
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The aboriginal stock of the Uganda Protectorate is undoubtedly the pigmy-prognathous, which has gradually been absorbed, overlaid or exterminated by better developed specimens of the Negro sub-species, or by Negro-Caucasian hybrids from the north and north-east.
.The languages spoken in the Uganda Protectorate belong to the following stocks: (1) Hamitic (Murle and Rendile of Lake Rudolf); (2) Masai (Bari, Elgumi, Turkana, Suk, &c.^ While there are many local languages spoken in Uganda, many of the people speak English.

^ UGANDA, a British protectorate in Eastern Equatorial Africa , lying between Lakes Victoria and Albert and between the Mountain Nile and Lake Rudolf .

^ On the east the limit of the Uganda Protectorate in 1901 was the thalweg of Lake Rudolf and a line drawn from the south-eastern coast of that lake south along the edge of the Laikipia and Kikuyu escarpments to the frontier of German East Africa .

); .(2a) Sabei, on the northern slopes of Elgon and on Mt Debasien; (2b) Nilotic (Acholi, Aluru, Gang, &c.^ Speakers of Western Nilotic languages in northern Uganda, traditionally agriculturalists organized in chiefdoms, include the Acholi, Langi, Alur and Jonam tribal groups.
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^ Sabei, on the northern slopes of Elgon and on Mt Debasien; ( 2b) Nilotic (Acholi, Aluru, Gang, &c.

^ The Eastern province is abundantly watered near Victoria Nyanza and around Mt Elgon and the noble Debasien mountain (about 50 in.

); .(3) Madi (spoken on the Nile between Aluru and Bari, really of West African affinities); (4) Bantu (Lu-ganda, Runyoro, Lu-konjo, Kuamba, Lihuku, the Masaba languages of west Elgon and Kavirondo, &c.^ Madi (spoken on the Nile between Aluru and Bari, really of West African affinities); (4) Bantu (Lu-ganda, Runyoro, Lu-konjo, Kuamba, Lihuku, the Masaba languages of west Elgon and Kavirondo , &c.

^ Busoga and the Elgon district the flora is very West African in character.

^ The fauna also has many West African affinities in the hot, forested regions.

); and lastly, the unclassified, isolated .Lendu and Mbuba spoken by some of the pigmy-prognathous peoples.^ Lendu and Mbuba spoken by some of the pigmy-prognathous peoples.

^ Associated with these pigmies is the " Forest Negro " type (Lendu, Lega, Baamba, Banande) of normal human stature, but short-legged and unusually prognathous.

Towns

.The seat of the British administration is Entebbe (" a throne ") on the south shores of a peninsula projecting into the Victoria Nyanza in o° 4' 2" N. 32° 27' 45" E. It contains a number of commodious official residences, churches, hospitals, a laboratory, covered market, &c.^ The seat of the British administration is Entebbe (" a throne ") on the south shores of a peninsula projecting into the Victoria Nyanza in o° 4' 2" N. 32° 27' 45" E. It contains a number of commodious official residences, churches, hospitals, a laboratory, covered market, &c.

^ An international airport is at Entebbe on the shore of Lake Victoria, some 32 kilometers (20 mi.
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^ In connexion with the railway from Mombasa to Victoria Nyanza a steamship service is maintained on the lake between Port Florence , Entebbe and other ports, including those in German territory.

.The port is protected by a breakwater and provided with a pier on which is the customs-house.^ The port is protected by a breakwater and provided with a pier on which is the customs-house.

.The native capital of Buganda is Mengo (pop.^ The native capital of Buganda is Mengo (pop.

^ In May 1889 Mwanga, aided by the trader Charles Stokes, approached Buganda by water, and after several bloody battles captured the capital, but shortly afterwards was again defeated, and Kalema and the Ba-Islamu reoccupied Mengo (the native capital).

about .70,000), situated some 20 M. N. by E. of Entebbe.^ An international airport is at Entebbe on the shore of Lake Victoria, some 32 kilometers (20 mi.
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.It is a straggling town built on seven steep hills: on one hill is the royal residence; on another (Namirembe = the hill of peace) was the cathedral of St Paul, destroyed by lightning in September 1910, and other buildings of the Anglican mission.^ On a third hill are the cathedral and mission buildings of the Roman Catholics.

^ It is a straggling town built on seven steep hills: on one hill is the royal residence; on another (Namirembe = the hill of peace) was the cathedral of St Paul , destroyed by lightning in September 1910, and other buildings of the Anglican mission.

^ The first schools in Uganda were built by the missionaries: Gayaza High School and Kings College Buddo were the first to be established by the Protestants; St. Mary's College Kisubi by Catholic White Fathers; and Namilyango College by the Mill Hill Mission from London.

.St Paul's was a fine Gothic church of brick, built by the Baganda in 1901-1904. After its destruction steps were at once taken to rebuild the cathedral.^ After its destruction steps were at once taken to rebuild the cathedral.

^ St Paul's was a fine Gothic church of brick, built by the Baganda in 1901-1904.

^ It is a straggling town built on seven steep hills: on one hill is the royal residence; on another (Namirembe = the hill of peace) was the cathedral of St Paul , destroyed by lightning in September 1910, and other buildings of the Anglican mission.

.On a third hill are the cathedral and mission buildings of the Roman Catholics.^ On a third hill are the cathedral and mission buildings of the Roman Catholics.

^ It is a straggling town built on seven steep hills: on one hill is the royal residence; on another (Namirembe = the hill of peace) was the cathedral of St Paul , destroyed by lightning in September 1910, and other buildings of the Anglican mission.

^ In the same year the French Roman Catholic mission of the White Fathers of Algeria was inaugurated,.

.On still another hill, Kampala, the British fort and government and European quarters are situated.^ On still another hill, Kampala, the British fort and government and European quarters are situated.

Some 72 m. .S. by E. of Kampala, and connected with it by monorail, is Kampala Port, on Victoria Nyanza.^ Its terminus is at Kisumu (Port Florence) on Kavirondo Gulf, Victoria Nyanza.

^ In connexion with the railway from Mombasa to Victoria Nyanza a steamship service is maintained on the lake between Port Florence , Entebbe and other ports, including those in German territory.

^ S. by E. of Kampala, and connected with it by monorail, is Kampala Port, on Victoria Nyanza.

.The capital of the Eastern province is Jinja, on the Victoria Nyanza, immediately above and east of the Ripon Falls.^ The capital of the Eastern province is Jinja, on the Victoria Nyanza, immediately above and east of the Ripon Falls.

^ The Ripon Falls, in the centre of the northern coast of the Victoria Nyanza, at the head of the exquisitely beautiful Napoleon Gulf, mark the exit of the fully born Nile from the great lake.

^ In 1900, the Uganda Protectorate was divided into six provinces, but in 1903 the Eastern and part of the Central provinces were transferred to the British East Africa Protectorate.

.It is a thriving trading centre and port.^ It is a thriving trading centre and port.

.Hoima is the administrative headquarters in Unyoro; Butiaba is a trading port of some importance on Lake Albert; Mbarara is the capital of Ankole.^ Hoima is the administrative headquarters in Unyoro; Butiaba is a trading port of some importance on Lake Albert; Mbarara is the capital of Ankole.

^ West, Hoima, Masindi, Bundibugyo, Kamwenge, and Kibale districts, south and southeast of Lake Albert.
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^ Hoima and Masindi districts, Buliisa, Bilso, and Kigorobya subcounties, Rift Valley, Lake Albert northeast shore; hills above the valley.
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.Kakindu, Mruli, Fowera and Fajao are government stations and trading posts on the Victoria Nile; Wadelai, Nimule and Gondokoro (q.v.^ Kakindu, Mruli, Fowera and Fajao are government stations and trading posts on the Victoria Nile; Wadelai , Nimule and Gondokoro (q.v.

^ There is a large hydroelectric plant (Nalubaale Power Station) at Owen Falls, located on the Victoria Nile where it leaves Lake Victoria.
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^ Government boats also ply on the Victoria Nile and Lake Kioga (Ibrahim) and on Albert Nyanza and the Mountain Nile.

) are similar stations on the Mountain Nile. .Bululu is a port on Lake Ibrahim.^ Bululu is a port on Lake Ibrahim.

Agriculture and Trade

.A few plantations are owned and managed by Europeans.^ A few plantations are owned and managed by Europeans.

.Otherwise agriculture is in the hands of the natives.^ Otherwise agriculture is in the hands of the natives.

.Some Baganda chiefs have started cotton, rubber and cocoa plantations, the botanic department assisting in this enterprise.^ Some Baganda chiefs have started cotton , rubber and cocoa plantations, the botanic department assisting in this enterprise.

^ Among the new industries are sugar and coffee plantations, while cotton, ground-nuts and rubber figure increasingly among the exports, cotton and cottonseed being of special importance.

^ (For the work of the botanic, forestry and scientific department, the government plantations, &c., see the Colonial Report [Miscellaneous], No.

.Path and Funtumia rubber trees are also cultivated by the department.^ Path and Funtumia rubber trees are also cultivated by the department.

.(For the work of the botanic, forestry and scientific department, the government plantations, &c., see the Colonial Report [Miscellaneous], No.^ (For the work of the botanic, forestry and scientific department, the government plantations, &c., see the Colonial Report [Miscellaneous], No.

^ There were no government restrictions on academic freedom and no reports of censored cultural events or films, unlike in 2006.
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^ Some Baganda chiefs have started cotton , rubber and cocoa plantations, the botanic department assisting in this enterprise.

.64.) A forest area of 150 sq.^ A forest area of 150 sq.

m. has been leased to a European company. Trade is mainly conducted by native (i.e. Arab, Somali and Negro) traders, by British Indians and by Germans. .The value of the trade during1901-1902was approximately £400,000 in imports (largely railway material) and £50,000 in exports.^ The value of the trade during1901-1902was approximately £400,000 in imports (largely railway material) and £50,000 in exports.

^ The transit trade in the last-named year included bullion valued at £33,000, being raw gold from the Kilo mines, Belgian Congo.

^ For the six years1903-1904to1908-1909the imports increased from £147,000 to £419,000, and the exports - produce of the protectorate - from £43, 000 to £127,000.

.The articles exported were ivory, rubber, skins and hides, and livestock (for consumption in East Africa).^ The articles exported were ivory , rubber, skins and hides, and livestock (for consumption in East Africa).

.These, except livestock, continue to be the main items of export.^ These, except livestock, continue to be the main items of export.

.For the six years1903-1904to1908-1909the imports increased from £147,000 to £419,000, and the exports - produce of the protectorate - from £43, 000 to £127,000. The imports included the transit trade (with the Belgian Congo and German East Africa), which grew from £8460 in1903-1904to £82,615 in 1908-1909. The transit trade in the last-named year included bullion valued at £33,000, being raw gold from the Kilo mines, Belgian Congo.^ Large quantities of rice are imported from German East Africa.

^ For the six years1903-1904to1908-1909the imports increased from £147,000 to £419,000, and the exports - produce of the protectorate - from £43, 000 to £127,000.

^ Its transit trade, especially with the Belgian Congo, became of great importance.

.Among the new industries are sugar and coffee plantations, while cotton, ground-nuts and rubber figure increasingly among the exports, cotton and cottonseed being of special importance.^ Among the new industries are sugar and coffee plantations, while cotton, ground-nuts and rubber figure increasingly among the exports, cotton and cottonseed being of special importance.

^ Some Baganda chiefs have started cotton , rubber and cocoa plantations, the botanic department assisting in this enterprise.

^ Industry: Processing of agricultural products (cotton ginning, coffee curing), cement production, light consumer goods, textiles.
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.Cotton goods, chiefly " Americani," are the chief imports, machinery, hardware and provisions ranking next.^ Cotton goods , chiefly " Americani," are the chief imports, machinery, hardware and provisions ranking next.

.Large quantities of rice are imported from German East Africa.^ Large quantities of rice are imported from German East Africa.

^ The imports included the transit trade (with the Belgian Congo and German East Africa), which grew from £8460 in1903-1904to £82,615 in 1908-1909.

^ The success of these efforts at progress was largely due to Mr G. Wilson, C.B., who had been sent to Uganda from East Africa as an assistant administrator in 1896.

About 50% of the imports are from the United Kingdom and British possessions.

Communications

.In connexion with the railway from Mombasa to Victoria Nyanza a steamship service is maintained on the lake between Port Florence, Entebbe and other ports, including those in German territory.^ In connexion with the railway from Mombasa to Victoria Nyanza a steamship service is maintained on the lake between Port Florence , Entebbe and other ports, including those in German territory.

^ Government boats also ply on the Victoria Nile and Lake Kioga (Ibrahim) and on Albert Nyanza and the Mountain Nile.

^ Good roads connect Entebbe and Butiaba (the steamboat terminus on Albert Nyanza) and other districts.

.Government boats also ply on the Victoria Nile and Lake Kioga (Ibrahim) and on Albert Nyanza and the Mountain Nile.^ Government boats also ply on the Victoria Nile and Lake Kioga (Ibrahim) and on Albert Nyanza and the Mountain Nile.

^ Victoria Nile from its point of issue from the Nyanza to where it becomes navigable above Lake Kioga.

^ The Ripon Falls, in the centre of the northern coast of the Victoria Nyanza, at the head of the exquisitely beautiful Napoleon Gulf, mark the exit of the fully born Nile from the great lake.

.A railway (begun in 1910), some 50 m.^ A railway (begun in 1910), some 50 m.

long, runs from .Jinja to Kakindu, i.e. along the Victoria Nile from its point of issue from the Nyanza to where it becomes navigable above Lake Kioga.^ Victoria Nile from its point of issue from the Nyanza to where it becomes navigable above Lake Kioga.

^ The Ripon Falls, in the centre of the northern coast of the Victoria Nyanza, at the head of the exquisitely beautiful Napoleon Gulf, mark the exit of the fully born Nile from the great lake.

^ In the early 'seventies Sir Samuel Baker (who had discovered Albert Nyanza) extended the rule of the Egyptian Sudan as far south as the Victoria Nile.

.Good roads connect Entebbe and Butiaba (the steamboat terminus on Albert Nyanza) and other districts.^ Good roads connect Entebbe and Butiaba (the steamboat terminus on Albert Nyanza) and other districts.

^ In connexion with the railway from Mombasa to Victoria Nyanza a steamship service is maintained on the lake between Port Florence , Entebbe and other ports, including those in German territory.

^ This is the case with all the other lakes except Rudolf, Albert Nyanza and Albert Edward, in which the water ranges from salt to slightly brackish.

.There is a direct telegraphic service to Gondokoro and Khartum and to Mombasa.^ There is a direct telegraphic service to Gondokoro and Khartum and to Mombasa.

.The postal service is well organized.^ The postal service is well organized.

Administrative Divisions and Government

.The protectorate is divided into five provinces - Rudolf, Eastern (formerly central), kingdom of Buganda, Western, and Northern (formerly Nile) - and these again into a number of administrative districts.^ The protectorate is divided into five provinces - Rudolf, Eastern (formerly central), kingdom of Buganda, Western, and Northern (formerly Nile) - and these again into a number of administrative districts.

^ The kingdom of Buganda, which has a thoroughly efficient and recognized native government, is subdivided into no fewer than nineteen " counties " or districts, but the other provinces have as a rule only three or four subdivisions.

^ The swampy regions of the Nile and of the Eastern province are characterized by an extravagant growth of papyrus and other rushes, of reeds and coarse grass .

.The kingdom of Buganda, which has a thoroughly efficient and recognized native government, is subdivided into no fewer than nineteen " counties " or districts, but the other provinces have as a rule only three or four subdivisions.^ The kingdom of Buganda, which has a thoroughly efficient and recognized native government, is subdivided into no fewer than nineteen " counties " or districts, but the other provinces have as a rule only three or four subdivisions.

^ The UPDF has child protection units in all the districts and, along with government agencies, worked with NGOs to reintegrate thousands of LRA abductees into society.
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^ More than 40 peasant silk farmers from Gomba Sub County in Mpigi district have called for financial help from the government to secure the future of their silk production business.Politicians started the project......

.The protectorate is administered by a governor and commanderin-chief, under the colonial office, residing at Entebbe, on the northwestern coast of the Victoria Nyanza.^ The protectorate is administered by a governor and commanderin-chief, under the colonial office , residing at Entebbe, on the northwestern coast of the Victoria Nyanza.

^ The seat of the British administration is Entebbe (" a throne ") on the south shores of a peninsula projecting into the Victoria Nyanza in o° 4' 2" N. 32° 27' 45" E. It contains a number of commodious official residences, churches, hospitals, a laboratory, covered market, &c.

^ In connexion with the railway from Mombasa to Victoria Nyanza a steamship service is maintained on the lake between Port Florence , Entebbe and other ports, including those in German territory.

.He is assisted by a staff of officials similar to the functionaries of a Crown colony, but there is at present no legislative council.^ He is assisted by a staff of officials similar to the functionaries of a Crown colony , but there is at present no legislative council.

^ There is no explicit statement of the objectives of banking supervision in the legislation.
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^ There were no confirmed reports of arrests, as originally reported, based on a similar list published by the same tabloid in August 2006.
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.The natives are ordinarily under the direct rule of their own recognized chiefs, but in all the organized districts the governor alone has the power of life or death, of levying taxes, of carrying on war, of controlling waste lands and forests, and of administering justice to non-natives.^ The natives are ordinarily under the direct rule of their own recognized chiefs, but in all the organized districts the governor alone has the power of life or death, of levying taxes, of carrying on war, of controlling waste lands and forests, and of administering justice to non-natives.

^ The kingdom of Buganda, which has a thoroughly efficient and recognized native government, is subdivided into no fewer than nineteen " counties " or districts, but the other provinces have as a rule only three or four subdivisions.

^ An outbreak in Arua district between December 2007 and January 2008 caused a total of 380 cases and 17 deaths (see the World Health Organization ).
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.In the case of Buganda special terms were accorded to the native king and people in the settlement dated the 10th of March 1900. The king was secured a minimum civil list of £1500 a year out of the native revenues; pensions were accorded to other members of the Buganda royal family; the salaries of ministers and governing chiefs were guaranteed; compensation in money was paid for removing the king's control over waste lands; definite estates were allotted to the king, royal family, nobility and native landowners; the native parliament or " Lukiko " was reorganized and its powers were defined; and many other points in dispute were settled.^ The king was secured a minimum civil list of £1500 a year out of the native revenues; pensions were accorded to other members of the Buganda royal family; the salaries of ministers and governing chiefs were guaranteed; compensation in money was paid for removing the king's control over waste lands; definite estates were allotted to the king, royal family, nobility and native landowners; the native parliament or " Lukiko " was reorganized and its powers were defined; and many other points in dispute were settled.

^ In the case of Buganda special terms were accorded to the native king and people in the settlement dated the 10th of March 1900.

^ The kingdom of Buganda, which has a thoroughly efficient and recognized native government, is subdivided into no fewer than nineteen " counties " or districts, but the other provinces have as a rule only three or four subdivisions.

.The king was accorded the title of " His Highness the Kabaka of Buganda," and his special salute was fixed at eleven guns.^ The king was accorded the title of " His Highness the Kabaka of Buganda," and his special salute was fixed at eleven guns.

^ In the case of Buganda special terms were accorded to the native king and people in the settlement dated the 10th of March 1900.

^ By the treaty of Mengo, signed in March 1900, the young king of Buganda, Daudi Chwa, a son of Mwanga, born in 1896, was accorded the title of his Highness the Kabaka.

.By this agreement the king and his people pledged themselves to pay hut and gun taxes to the administration of the protectorate.^ By this agreement the king and his people pledged themselves to pay hut and gun taxes to the administration of the protectorate.

^ Secondly, the necessity to own land was underscored by another provision in the agreement, which required that each household pay taxes to the colonial government.

^ Thirdly, apart from offering their services as hired labour, the people of Buganda traditionally had no other means of obtaining money to pay taxes.

.Somewhat similar arrangements on a lesser scale were made with the king of Ankole, the kings of Toro and Unyoro, and with the much less important chieftains or tribes of other districts.^ Somewhat similar arrangements on a lesser scale were made with the king of Ankole, the kings of Toro and Unyoro, and with the much less important chieftains or tribes of other districts.

^ Taking with him Kasagama, the rightful king of Toro, he traversed the north of Ankole, with which country he made a treaty, and passing thence through Unyoro, along the northern slopes of Ruwenzori, reached Kavali at the south end of Lake Albert, defeating the armies of Unyoro who opposed his progress.

^ On the other hand, societies of the present-day Bunyoro, Buganda, Ankole and Toro were organized as Kingdoms each with a central leadership under a king who exercised power through chiefs and clan leaders.

.The territories north and north-east of these Bantu kingdoms are inhabited by Nilotic negroes and up to 1909 were left almost unadministered, except in close vicinity to the Nile banks.^ The territories north and north-east of these Bantu kingdoms are inhabited by Nilotic negroes and up to 1909 were left almost unadministered, except in close vicinity to the Nile banks .

^ The protectorate is divided into five provinces - Rudolf, Eastern (formerly central), kingdom of Buganda, Western, and Northern (formerly Nile) - and these again into a number of administrative districts.

^ Meanwhile the Sudanese at Luba's (numbering 600, with 200 Mahommedan Baganda) escaped, proceeded up the east bank of the Nile and crossed the river, making their way to Mruli.

.The education of the natives is confined to the schools maintained by the missionaries, who are doing an excellent work.^ The education of the natives is confined to the schools maintained by the missionaries, who are doing an excellent work.

^ Our partner works with four private primary schools in Mukono town that cater exclusively to the education, housing and feeding of needy children and orphans.

^ "For study and work trips or safaris to Uganda , educational school resources and original hand made African crafts.

.Manual, technical and higher education is provided.^ Manual, technical and higher education is provided.

.In1909-1910there were in the Anglican schools over 36,000 scholars, of whom 17,000 were girls.^ In1909-1910there were in the Anglican schools over 36,000 scholars, of whom 17,000 were girls.

^ The Roman Catholic schools had in 1909 over 11,000 scholars.

.Of the total number of scholars over 26,000 were in the kingdom of Buganda.^ Of the total number of scholars over 26,000 were in the kingdom of Buganda.

^ The protectorate is divided into five provinces - Rudolf, Eastern (formerly central), kingdom of Buganda, Western, and Northern (formerly Nile) - and these again into a number of administrative districts.

.The Roman Catholic schools had in 1909 over 11,000 scholars.^ The Roman Catholic schools had in 1909 over 11,000 scholars.

^ In1909-1910there were in the Anglican schools over 36,000 scholars, of whom 17,000 were girls.

(See the Col. Off. .Report on Uganda, No.^ Report on Uganda, No.

^ In contrast with 2006, there were no reports of LRA abductions in northern Uganda.
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.686.) The expenditure for1902-1903was fixed at 210,000, of which about 170,000 was furnished by an imperial grant-in-aid and the balance from local revenue.^ The expenditure for1902-1903was fixed at 210,000, of which about 170,000 was furnished by an imperial grant-in-aid and the balance from local revenue.

^ Revenue, expenditure, balance financing .
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Central government budget reporting includes details of revenues, expenditure, balance, and financing, and interest payments are identified separately.
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Between 1903 and E 1909 the revenue increased from £51,000 to £102,000.
.Revenue is chiefly derived from hut and poll taxes, R customs, wharfage dues, game licences and land tax.^ Revenue is chiefly derived from hut and poll taxes, R customs, wharfage dues, game licences and land tax.

^ The hut and poll taxes yield about £62,000 a year.

.The hut and poll taxes yield about £62,000 a year.^ The hut and poll taxes yield about £62,000 a year.

^ In the 2005/2006 financial year, the Government increased taxes on cigarette from sh19,000 ($10.63) to sh21,000 ($11.75) per mille ( 1,000 cigarettes).
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^ Revenue is chiefly derived from hut and poll taxes, R customs, wharfage dues, game licences and land tax.

.The expenditure increased from £186,000 in 1903 to £256,000 in 1909. Deficiencies are made good by parliamentary grants.^ Between 1903 and E 1909 the revenue increased from £51,000 to £102,000.

^ The expenditure increased from £186,000 in 1903 to £256,000 in 1909.

^ Deficiencies are made good by parliamentary grants.

The rupee (Is. 4d.) is the standard coin, with a subsidiary decimal coinage.

History

.The countries grouped under this protectorate were invaded at some relatively remote period - say, three to four thousand years ago - by Hamitic races from the northeast (akin to the ancestors of the ancient Egyptians, Gallas, Somalis), who mingled extensively with the Nile negroes first, and then with the aboriginal inhabitants of Buganda, Unyoro and Nandi.^ The first Buganda king was probably a Hamite of the Hima stock (from Unyoro).

^ The countries grouped under this protectorate were invaded at some relatively remote period - say, three to four thousand years ago - by Hamitic races from the northeast (akin to the ancestors of the ancient Egyptians, Gallas , Somalis), who mingled extensively with the Nile negroes first, and then with the aboriginal inhabitants of Buganda, Unyoro and Nandi.

^ Captain Speke in 1862 reached Buganda, the first of all Europeans to enter that country.

.These Hamites brought with them a measure of Egyptian civilization, cattle, and the arts of metallurgy, pottery and other adjuncts to neolithic civilization.^ These Hamites brought with them a measure of Egyptian civilization, cattle , and the arts of metallurgy , pottery and other adjuncts to neolithic civilization.

.There was probably no direct intercourse with Egypt by way of the Nile, owing to the lake-like marshes between Bor and Fashoda, but instead an overland traffic with Ethiopia (the Land of Punt) via Mt Elgon and the Rudolf regions.^ There was probably no direct intercourse with Egypt by way of the Nile, owing to the lake-like marshes between Bor and Fashoda , but instead an overland traffic with Ethiopia (the Land of Punt) via Mt Elgon and the Rudolf regions.

^ Thomson succeeded (he also discovered Lake Baringo and Mt Elgon), but turned back from the frontier of Busoga in order not to provoke Mutesa to hostilities.

^ The Eastern province consists of well-forested, undulating land (Busoga) on the coast of the lake, a vast extent of marsh round the lake-like backwaters of the Victoria Nile (Lakes Ibrahim or Kioga, Kwania, &c.

.In time even this intercourse with the non-negro world died away, and powerful kingdoms with an aristocracy of Galla descent grew up in Buganda, Unyoro and Ankole.^ In time even this intercourse with the non-negro world died away, and powerful kingdoms with an aristocracy of Galla descent grew up in Buganda, Unyoro and Ankole.

^ It was first applied to the kingdom of Mutesa, discovered by J. H. Speke in 1862, and in time came to include the large protectorate which grew out of the extension of British influence over Buganda.

^ By this time, religious affiliation had become more of a source of political power than a source of faith, and more disorder awaited the kingdom.

.The kingdom of Buganda especially dominated the lands of Victoria Nyanza in the r9th century.^ The kingdom of Buganda especially dominated the lands of Victoria Nyanza in the r9th century.

^ He gave the kingdom of Buganda a definite constitution, settled the land question in the provinces of Buganda, Busoga, Unyoro, Toro and Ankole, and also the question of native taxation .

^ The Uganda Protectorate is a land of great lakes , and includes partially or wholly the water areas of Victoria Nyanza (about 27,000 sq.

.In the 'forties and 'fifties Egyptian officials, Austrian missionaries, and British, Dutch, Italian, and German explorers had carried our knowledge of the Nile beyond Khartum as far south as Gondokoro.^ In the 'forties and 'fifties Egyptian officials, Austrian missionaries, and British, Dutch, Italian , and German explorers had carried our knowledge of the Nile beyond Khartum as far south as Gondokoro.

^ The inhabitants in 1909 numbered about 3,5 00, 000 natives, 3000 British Indians and Arabs , and 507 Europeans (British, French, Germans, Italians and Maltese).

^ In the early 'seventies Sir Samuel Baker (who had discovered Albert Nyanza) extended the rule of the Egyptian Sudan as far south as the Victoria Nile.

.In the same period of time the Zanzibar Arab traders were advancing from the south on the Bahima kingdoms of the western Victoria Nyanza and on Buganda.^ In the same period of time the Zanzibar Arab traders were advancing from the south on the Bahima kingdoms of the western Victoria Nyanza and on Buganda.

^ Meanwhile the Zanzibar Arabs had reached Buganda in everincreasing numbers as traders; but many of them were earnest 1 The letter was entrusted to Linant de Bellefonds, a Belgian in the Egyptian service, who had been sent to Buganda by Gordon.

^ Captains Burton and Speke, on their Tanganyika expedition, heard of Buganda from the Arab traders in 1857.

.King Suna of Buganda first heard of the outer world of white men in 1850 from a runaway Baluch soldier of Zanzibar.^ King Suna of Buganda first heard of the outer world of white men in 1850 from a runaway Baluch soldier of Zanzibar.

^ Suna, the powerful king or emperor of Buganda, who was the first to hear of a world beyond Negroland, had been succeeded in 1857 by his still more celebrated son, Mutesa ( Mutesa means the measurer).

^ The first Buganda king was probably a Hamite of the Hima stock (from Unyoro).

.Captains Burton and Speke, on their Tanganyika expedition, heard of Buganda from the Arab traders in 1857. Captain Speke in 1862 reached Buganda, the first of all Europeans to enter that country.^ Captain Speke in 1862 reached Buganda, the first of all Europeans to enter that country.

^ Captains Burton and Speke, on their Tanganyika expedition, heard of Buganda from the Arab traders in 1857.

^ Meanwhile the Zanzibar Arabs had reached Buganda in everincreasing numbers as traders; but many of them were earnest 1 The letter was entrusted to Linant de Bellefonds, a Belgian in the Egyptian service, who had been sent to Buganda by Gordon.

.In the early 'seventies Sir Samuel Baker (who had discovered Albert Nyanza) extended the rule of the Egyptian Sudan as far south as the Victoria Nile.^ In the early 'seventies Sir Samuel Baker (who had discovered Albert Nyanza) extended the rule of the Egyptian Sudan as far south as the Victoria Nile.

^ In the 'forties and 'fifties Egyptian officials, Austrian missionaries, and British, Dutch, Italian , and German explorers had carried our knowledge of the Nile beyond Khartum as far south as Gondokoro.

^ Government boats also ply on the Victoria Nile and Lake Kioga (Ibrahim) and on Albert Nyanza and the Mountain Nile.

.General Gordon, who succeeded Baker, and who had Dr Emin Bey (afterwards Emin Pasha) as lieutenant, attempted through Colonel Charles Chaille Long, in 1874, not only to annex Unyoro but also Buganda to the Egyptian dominions, and thoroughly established Egyptian control on Albert Nyanza.^ General Gordon , who succeeded Baker, and who had Dr Emin Bey (afterwards Emin Pasha) as lieutenant, attempted through Colonel Charles Chaille Long, in 1874, not only to annex Unyoro but also Buganda to the Egyptian dominions, and thoroughly established Egyptian control on Albert Nyanza.

^ Here it broadens into Lake Ibrahim (Kioga) (in reality a vast backwater of the Nile discovered by Colonel Chaille Long in 1874), and continues navigable (save for sudd obstacles at times) right through Lake Ibrahim and thence northwards for loo m.

^ Meanwhile the Zanzibar Arabs had reached Buganda in everincreasing numbers as traders; but many of them were earnest 1 The letter was entrusted to Linant de Bellefonds, a Belgian in the Egyptian service, who had been sent to Buganda by Gordon.

.But owing to the indirect influence of the British government, exercised through Sir John Kirk at Zanzibar, the Egyptian dominions were prevented from coming south of the Victoria Nile.^ But owing to the indirect influence of the British government, exercised through Sir John Kirk at Zanzibar, the Egyptian dominions were prevented from coming south of the Victoria Nile.

^ In the 'forties and 'fifties Egyptian officials, Austrian missionaries, and British, Dutch, Italian , and German explorers had carried our knowledge of the Nile beyond Khartum as far south as Gondokoro.

^ Kakindu, Mruli, Fowera and Fajao are government stations and trading posts on the Victoria Nile; Wadelai , Nimule and Gondokoro (q.v.

.Suna, the powerful king or emperor of Buganda, who was the first to hear of a world beyond Negroland, had been succeeded in 1857 by his still more celebrated son, Mutesa (Mutesa means the measurer).^ Suna, the powerful king or emperor of Buganda, who was the first to hear of a world beyond Negroland, had been succeeded in 1857 by his still more celebrated son, Mutesa ( Mutesa means the measurer).

^ The first Buganda king was probably a Hamite of the Hima stock (from Unyoro).

^ It was first applied to the kingdom of Mutesa, discovered by J. H. Speke in 1862, and in time came to include the large protectorate which grew out of the extension of British influence over Buganda.

.Mutesa had received Speke and Grant in a most friendly manner.^ Mutesa had received Speke and Grant in a most friendly manner.

.Subsequent to their departure he had opened up relations with the British agent at Zanzibar.^ Subsequent to their departure he had opened up relations with the British agent at Zanzibar.

^ A survey commission was subsequently despatched, and in 1910 British, Belgian and German delegates met in Brussels to draw up a new frontier line.

^ The new avenues for commerce such as that in East Equatorial Africa should be opened up, in view of the hostile tariffs with which British manufacturers are everywhere confronted."

.In 1875 he received an epoch-making visit from Sir H. M. Stanley.^ In 1875 he received an epoch-making visit from Sir H. M. Stanley.

.Stanley, in response to Mutesa's questions about religion, obtained from that king an invitation to Anglican missionaries, which he transmitted to London through the Daily Telegraph.' Having made the first survey of Victoria Nyanza and confirmed Speke's guesses as to its shape and area, Stanley passed on (half discovering Ruwenzori on the way) to the Congo.^ Having made the first survey of Victoria Nyanza and confirmed Speke's guesses as to its shape and area, Stanley passed on (half discovering Ruwenzori on the way) to the Congo.

^ Stanley, in response to Mutesa's questions about religion, obtained from that king an invitation to Anglican missionaries, which he transmitted to London through the Daily Telegraph .'

^ The first schools in Uganda were built by the missionaries: Gayaza High School and Kings College Buddo were the first to be established by the Protestants; St. Mary's College Kisubi by Catholic White Fathers; and Namilyango College by the Mill Hill Mission from London.

.Meanwhile the Zanzibar Arabs had reached Buganda in everincreasing numbers as traders; but many of them were earnest 1 The letter was entrusted to Linant de Bellefonds, a Belgian in the Egyptian service, who had been sent to Buganda by Gordon.^ Meanwhile the Zanzibar Arabs had reached Buganda in everincreasing numbers as traders; but many of them were earnest 1 The letter was entrusted to Linant de Bellefonds, a Belgian in the Egyptian service, who had been sent to Buganda by Gordon.

^ Captains Burton and Speke, on their Tanganyika expedition, heard of Buganda from the Arab traders in 1857.

^ In the same period of time the Zanzibar Arab traders were advancing from the south on the Bahima kingdoms of the western Victoria Nyanza and on Buganda.

.On his return journey Bellefonds was murdered by the Bari.^ On his return journey Bellefonds was murdered by the Bari.

.When his body was recovered Stanley's letter was found concealed in one of his boots and was forwarded to England.^ When his body was recovered Stanley's letter was found concealed in one of his boots and was forwarded to England.

propagandists of .Islam, and strove hard (with; some success) to convert to that religion the king and chiefs of Buganda and adjoining countries.^ Islam , and strove hard (with; some success) to convert to that religion the king and chiefs of Buganda and adjoining countries.

^ Following these divisions of Buganda's counties, some people moved from one area to another, preferring to live under a chief of their religion, where they could expect preferential treatment.

In 1877 the Rev. C. T. Wilson, one of a party of missionaries sent in answer to Stanley's appeal by the Church Missionary Society of England, arrived in Uganda, and towards the end of 1878 was joined by Alexander Mackay. .In 1879 anotherparty Y Y 79 1877-1879. arrived by the Nile route; and Wilson, after thirteen months' actual residence, left for England with Dr R. W. Felkin, who had arrived only three months before, taking with.^ Nile route; and Wilson, after thirteen months' actual residence, left for England with Dr R. W. Felkin, who had arrived only three months before, taking with.

^ In 1879 anotherparty Y Y 79 1877-1879.

^ In 1877 the Rev. C. T. Wilson, one of a party of missionaries sent in answer to Stanley's appeal by the Church Missionary Society of England, arrived in Uganda, and towards the end of 1878 was joined by Alexander Mackay .

him envoys from Mutesa. .In the same year the French Roman Catholic mission of the White Fathers of Algeria was inaugurated,.^ In the same year the French Roman Catholic mission of the White Fathers of Algeria was inaugurated,.

^ Peace seemed assured in Uganda; territorial limits to religious teaching were abolished, English Roman Catholic priests were added to the French Fathers, and the material progress of the country was very marked.

^ The first schools in Uganda were built by the missionaries: Gayaza High School and Kings College Buddo were the first to be established by the Protestants; St. Mary's College Kisubi by Catholic White Fathers; and Namilyango College by the Mill Hill Mission from London.

and thus from .1879 dates the triangular rivalry of the creeds of Anglican and Roman Christianity and of Islam.^ Anglican and Roman Christianity and of Islam.

.In 1882 Islam gained an ascendancy, and s the French withdrew for a time.^ In 1882 Islam gained an ascendancy, and s the French withdrew for a time.

.In the autumn of 1884 Mutesa died.^ In the autumn of 1884 Mutesa died.

.A great change had been wrought in Uganda during the Mutesa latter years of his reign.^ A great change had been wrought in Uganda during the Mutesa latter years of his reign.

^ During the Amin years of tyranny (1971-1979), Uganda experienced both economic and political turmoil.

^ The Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC) received 164 complaints of torture during the year.
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.Calico, fire-arms and swords had replaced the primitive bark-cloth and bymwanga, spear, while under the teaching of the missionary- 1884. engineer Mackay the native artisans had learnt to repair arms and use European tools.^ Calico, fire-arms and swords had replaced the primitive bark-cloth and bymwanga, spear , while under the teaching of the missionary- 1884.

^ Mackay the native artisans had learnt to repair arms and use European tools.

^ The Baganda are not a very moral people, but they have an extreme regard for decency, and are always scrupulously clothed (formerly in bark-cloth, now in calico ).

.Mutesa was a clever man of restless energy, but regardless of human life and suffering, and consumed by vanity.^ Mutesa was a clever man of restless energy, but regardless of human life and suffering, and consumed by vanity.

.He was succeeded by Mwanga, a cruel, weak and vicious youth.^ He was succeeded by Mwanga, a cruel, weak and vicious youth.

The intrigues of the Arabs led him to suspect the designs of the missionaries. .He was alarmed at their influence over numbers of his people and resolved to.^ He was alarmed at their influence over numbers of his people and resolved to.

stamp out Christianity.
.In the early 'eighties the aspirations of several European powers turned towards Africa as a field for commercial and colonial expansion.^ In the early 'eighties the aspirations of several European powers turned towards Africa as a field for commercial and colonial expansion.

^ Since assuming power in early 1986, Museveni's government has taken important steps toward economic rehabilitation.
  • Uganda (11/09) 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two extra inches on African clothes showed how colonialism was the battering ram for the expansion of European economic interests in the search for markets.

.The restless Arabs of Zanzibar had since 1857 steadily advanced Zanzibar influence to Tanganyika, Nyasa, and even through the Masai countries to the north-east coast of Victoria Nyanza and the " back door " of Uganda.^ The restless Arabs of Zanzibar had since 1857 steadily advanced Zanzibar influence to Tanganyika, Nyasa , and even through the Masai countries to the north-east coast of Victoria Nyanza and the " back door " of Uganda.

^ When Arab traders moved inland from their enclaves along the Indian Ocean coast of East Africa and reached the interior of Uganda in the 1830s, they found several African kingdoms with well-developed political institutions dating back several centuries.
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^ The vicious and cult-like Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), which seeks to overthrow the Ugandan Government, had murdered and kidnapped civilians in the north and east since 1986.
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.In 1882 the Royal Geographical Society despatched Joseph Thomson to discover through Masailand the direct route to Victoria Nyanza.^ In 1882 the Royal Geographical Society despatched Joseph Thomson to discover through Masailand the direct route to Victoria Nyanza.

^ Having made the first survey of Victoria Nyanza and confirmed Speke's guesses as to its shape and area, Stanley passed on (half discovering Ruwenzori on the way) to the Congo.

^ In the early 'seventies Sir Samuel Baker (who had discovered Albert Nyanza) extended the rule of the Egyptian Sudan as far south as the Victoria Nile.

.Thomson succeeded (he also discovered Lake Baringo and Mt Elgon), but turned back from the frontier of Busoga in order not to provoke Mutesa to hostilities.^ Thomson succeeded (he also discovered Lake Baringo and Mt Elgon), but turned back from the frontier of Busoga in order not to provoke Mutesa to hostilities.

^ In the Eastern province the rocks are mainly quartz , gneiss and granite, with sandstone in Busoga, basalt round Mt Elgon, slate (Busoga) and iron- g stone (Busoga and Bukedi).

.Mr H. H. Johnston was despatched on a scientific mission to Kilimanjaro, and concluded treaties on which the British East Africa Company was subsequently based.^ Mr H. H. Johnston was despatched on a scientific mission to Kilimanjaro , and concluded treaties on which the British East Africa Company was subsequently based.

^ Appeals for help were sent to Frederick John Jackson (subsequently lieutenant-governor of British East Africa), who had arrived on the east of the lake with a caravan of some Soo rifles, sent by the newly-formed East African Chartered Company.

^ In 1888, control of the emerging British "sphere of interest" in East Africa was assigned by royal charter to the Imperial British East Africa Company, an arrangement strengthened in 1890 by an Anglo-German agreement confirming British dominance over Kenya and Uganda.
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.The vague stir of these movements had perturbed Mutesa, and they were regarded with deep suspicion by his successor, Mwanga.^ The vague stir of these movements had perturbed Mutesa, and they were regarded with deep suspicion by his successor, Mwanga.

.The annexations of Emin on Albert Nyanza, the visit of Thomson to the closed door of Busoga, the opposition of the Europeans to the slave trade, and, lastly, the identification of the missionaries with political embassies and their letters of introduction from secular authorities, added to Mwanga's.^ The president's office reportedly monitored political talk show debates closely, and the government occasionally attempted to block participation of opposition members on radio talk shows.
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fears, and early in .1885, simultaneously with the return of the French Fathers, the long smouldering hostility broke out,.^ French Fathers, the long smouldering hostility broke out,.

^ After Lugard's return a lull occurred till the coast caravan left, when lawlessness again broke out and several murders were committed.

and the .Christian converts were seized and burnt at the stake.^ Christian converts were seized and burnt at the stake.

Bishop Hannington, who attempted to enter Buganda by the forbidden route from the east, was murdered, and the Rev. R. P. Ashe and Mackay only redeemed their lives by presents. .The Buganda Christians 1885 showed heroism, and in spite of tortures and death the religion spread rapidly.^ The Buganda Christians 1885 showed heroism, and in spite of tortures and death the religion spread rapidly.

.Mwanga now determined to rid himself of Christians and Mahommedans alike by inducing them to proceed to an island in the lake, where he meant to leave them to starve.^ This perturbed Mwanga so much that he was determined to get rid of the preachers and the 'readers' from his kingdom.

^ Again the Christians were on the run with Mwanga who was exiled to the island of Bulingugwe in Lake Victoria.

^ He planned to lure them onto a boat and maroon them on one of the islands on Lake Victoria and starve them to death.

.The plot was discovered, and Mwanga fled to the south of the lake, and Kiwewa, his eldest brother, was made king.^ The plot was discovered, and Mwanga fled to the south of the lake, and Kiwewa, his eldest brother, was made king.

^ In June Wilson discovered a plot to revolt, and in July Mwanga fled to the south of Buddu and raised the standard of rebellion.

.The chiefs of the rival creeds - British (Anglicans), French (Catholics), and Ba-Islamu, as they were called - divided thechiefships.^ The chiefs of the rival creeds - British (Anglicans), French (Catholics), and Ba-Islamu, as they were called - divided thechiefships.

^ The Baganda converts did not seem to realize that they were fighting the wars of the Arabs, the British and French imperialists.

^ Let them call it what they will, as long as the report is favourable and the British carry it through.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

The Mahommedans now formed a plot to oust the Christians, and treacherously massacred a number of their chiefs and then defeated their unprepared adherents. .Kiwewa, refusing to submit to circumcision, was (after reigning three or four months) expelled by the B a-Islamu, who placed another brother, Kalema, on the throne and began a fanatical propaganda, forcing the peasantry to, submit to the hated circumcision.^ He resisted, was overthrown and replaced by his brother, Kalema, who agreed to be circumcised.

^ Kiwewa, refusing to submit to circumcision , was (after reigning three or four months) expelled by the B a-Islamu, who placed another brother, Kalema, on the throne and began a fanatical propaganda, forcing the peasantry to, submit to the hated circumcision.

^ They attempted for force Kiwewa, the then reigning king, to undergo circumcision.

The British and French-.
factions, who had taken refuge in .Ankole, could not agree even in their common exile, and nearly came to blows, but on the spur of threatened famine they agreed to combine and to take back Mwanga as their king and strike a blow for supremacy in Buganda.^ Eventually, Mwanga and his group found their way back to Buddu where they started regrouping.

^ They went northwestwards, befriended Omukama (king) Kabalega of Bunyoro, taking advantage of the old rivalry between Bunyoro and Buganda and the whites that regarded Bunyoro as a white man's grave ever since Samuel Baker's defeat.

^ They remained there until Mwanga summoned them back to Rubaga in 1885.

.In May 1889 Mwanga, aided by the trader Charles Stokes, approached Buganda by water, and after several bloody battles captured the capital, but shortly afterwards was again defeated, and Kalema and the Ba-Islamu reoccupied Mengo (the native capital).^ The native capital of Buganda is Mengo (pop.

^ In May 1889 Mwanga, aided by the trader Charles Stokes, approached Buganda by water, and after several bloody battles captured the capital, but shortly afterwards was again defeated, and Kalema and the Ba-Islamu reoccupied Mengo (the native capital).

^ Early in January Mwanga escaped from the Germans, and, declaring himself a Mahommedan, reached Buddu with a large force, which Major Macdonald defeated with the aid of the Baganda army.

.Appeals for help were sent to Frederick John Jackson (subsequently lieutenant-governor of British East Africa), who had arrived on the east of the lake with a caravan of some Soo rifles, sent by the newly-formed East African Chartered Company.^ Appeals for help were sent to Frederick John Jackson (subsequently lieutenant-governor of British East Africa), who had arrived on the east of the lake with a caravan of some Soo rifles, sent by the newly-formed East African Chartered Company.

^ In 1888, control of the emerging British "sphere of interest" in East Africa was assigned by royal charter to the Imperial British East Africa Company, an arrangement strengthened in 1890 by an Anglo-German agreement confirming British dominance over Kenya and Uganda.
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^ A British journalist, John Simpson , who interviewed King Freddie in his flat just a few hours before his death,stated that he was sober and in good spirits.

.He replied saying he would come if all the expenses were guaranteed and the British flag accepted.^ He replied saying he would come if all the expenses were guaranteed and the British flag accepted.

.Pere Lourdel, who was Mwanga's chief adviser at this time, counselled acceptance of these terms, but Jackson at first marched in a different direction northwards.^ Pere Lourdel, who was Mwanga's chief adviser at this time, counselled acceptance of these terms, but Jackson at first marched in a different direction northwards.

^ The clan leaders had been supplanted by these new colonially created chiefs who were given huge chunks of land totaling 8,000sq miles - hence the Luganda term kanana meaning eight thousand.

.Returning three months later, he found that Dr Karl Peters, a German in command of an " Emin Pasha Relief " expedition, had passed through his camp, read his letters, and, acting on the information thus obtained, had marched to Buganda, arriving in February 1890, where with the aid of Lourdel he French and concluded a treaty which was kept secret from British the British party, who repudiated it.^ Returning three months later, he found that Dr Karl Peters , a German in command of an " Emin Pasha Relief " expedition, had passed through his camp, read his letters, and, acting on the information thus obtained, had marched to Buganda, arriving in February 1890, where with the aid of Lourdel he French and concluded a treaty which was kept secret from British the British party, who repudiated it.

^ Feeling ran high, and Jackson withdrew his treaty, and, taking a couple of envoys who should bring back word whether Uganda was to be French or British, he left the country, Mr Ernest Gedge remaining in charge of his expedition.

^ Nile route; and Wilson, after thirteen months' actual residence, left for England with Dr R. W. Felkin, who had arrived only three months before, taking with.

.The Baganda Factions. Christians, before the arrival of Peters, had again engaged the Mahommedans and driven them to the frontier of Unyoro, where King Kabarega gave them an asylum and aid.^ Christians, before the arrival of Peters , had again engaged the Mahommedans and driven them to the frontier of Unyoro, where King Kabarega gave them an asylum and aid.

^ It appeared probable that if they reached that point the Sudanese garrisons in Unyoro would revolt as well as the Baganda Mahommedans, and the last hope of the Europeans would be lost.

^ In April Lugard, hoping to achieve better results away from the capital, led the combined factions against the Mahommedans, then raiding the frontier, whom he defeated.

.Kalema died later in the same year - r890 - and was succeeded by Mbogo, a half brother of King Mutesa.^ They died out three and a half million years ago.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

The posts of honour had been divided between the rival factions. Peters's treaty had given fresh offence and added to the disputes arising in the division of the offices of state, and the factions were on the point of fighting. Jackson arrived in April with 180 gun-men (a portion of his caravan having mutinied), and presented a new treaty, which was refused by the French. .Feeling ran high, and Jackson withdrew his treaty, and, taking a couple of envoys who should bring back word whether Uganda was to be French or British, he left the country, Mr Ernest Gedge remaining in charge of his expedition.^ A referendum was held in March 2000 on whether Uganda should retain the Movement system, with limited operation of political parties, or adopt multi-party politics.
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^ However, chronic political instability and erratic economic management produced a record of persistent economic decline that left Uganda among the world's poorest and least-developed countries.
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.While these events were happening in Uganda the AngloGerman treaty of July 1890 had assigned Uganda to Great 's Britain, and in October 1890 Captain F. D. Lugard, Lugard's Arrival, then at Kikuyu, halfway between the coast and the 1890. lake, received instructions to go to Uganda.^ Humanitarian Affairs, Integrated Regional Information Network has a mailing list, irinlist , with up-to-date news on the Great Lakes area including Uganda.

^ PDF ) - women's issues, human settlements, Uganda , the Horn, Great Lakes, environment , peace & conflict.

.He had with him Messrs De Winton and W. Grant, some so Sudanese soldiers, and about 250 porters, armed with Snider carbines.^ Gibbons, I and some porters pursued the Nandi about 5 miles, but could not find them in the wood and returned to the caravan.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

Marching with unprecedented rapidity, he entered Mengo on the r8th of December. Lugard, by introducing the names " Protestant " and " Catholic " - till then unknown - and by insisting that all religion. was free, endeavoured to dissociate it from politics, and urged that as .Uganda was now under Great Britain there could be no hostile " French " faction.^ However, until the ICPAU adopted the International Accounting Standards effective January 1, 1999, there was no formal definition of generally accepted accounting standards in Uganda.
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast with 2006, there were no reports of LRA abductions in northern Uganda.
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^ Overheard aircraft flew, strange great things like silver bullets with wings, and here and there I could discern the colourful bubbles of floating dirigibles.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

This attitude was welcome to neither faction, and for some days the position of the new arrivals on the little knoll of Kampala was very precarious. .Lugard's first object was to obtain a treaty which would give him a right to intervene in the internal affairs of the country.^ Information about registering an NGO can be obtained from the Ugandan NGO Board which has offices within the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

^ Home » Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs » Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor » Releases » Human Rights » 2007 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices » Africa » Uganda .
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The hostile French faction was much the stronger, since at this time the king (whom the whole of the pagan party followed) was of that faction; but after some critical episodes the treaty was signed on the 26th of December. .Lugard then endeavoured to settle some of the burning disputes relative to the division of lands and chiefships, &c., and to gain the confidence of both parties.^ The LC courts have the authority to settle civil disputes, including land ownership and debt cases, and criminal cases involving children.
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In this he was to some extent successful, and his position was strengthened by the arrival in January 1891 of Captain (subsequently Colonel) W. H. Williams, R.A., with a small force of Sudanese and a maxim. In April Lugard, hoping to achieve better results away from the capital, led the combined factions against the Mahommedans, then raiding the frontier, whom he defeated. .Seeing that the situation in Buganda was impossible unless they had a strong central force, which the company could not provide, Lugard and Williams had formed the idea of enlisting the Sudanese who had been left by Emin and Stanley at the south end of the Albert Lake.^ Reforms to enhance transparency in government operations will be less effective unless they are accompanied by a strong political commitment to enforce the new budget regulations and laws.
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Taking with him Kasagama, the rightful king of Toro, he traversed the north of Ankole, with which country he made a treaty, and passing thence through Unyoro, along the northern slopes of Ruwenzori, reached Kavali at the south end of Lake Albert, defeating the armies of Unyoro who opposed his progress.^ Until the January 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the north-south conflict in Sudan, Museveni provided support and a haven to fighters from the Sudan People's Liberation Army.
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^ I think they are like the holes made by a needle in a cloth: the points the thread passes through when it binds one material to another.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ NRA discipline, generally much better than its rivals, deteriorated as attempts were made to pacify the north of the country where remnants of the Amin and Obote armies continued to operate.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He brought away with him 8000 Sudanese men, women, children and slaves, under Selim Bey (an Egyptian officer).^ Pearls of Africa "nonprofit organization dedicated to serving men, women, and children in Uganda, who live with disabilities."

^ Trafficking in persons was a problem, and there were reports that men, women, and children were trafficked to, from, and within the country.
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^ Under local customary law in many areas, women cannot own or inherit property or retain custody of their children.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some of these he left at the posts he established along southern Unyoro. .After an absence of six months from Buganda, Lugard reached the capital at the end of the year (1891) with 200 or 300 Sudanese soldiers and two or three times that number of followers.^ In October 2007, for the first time in 20 years, two commanders of the LRA flew into Entebbe to consult on the ongoing peace talks.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Public enterprises are required to submit audited accounts to the government annually within six months of the end of the financial year, but there are usually substantial delays and these accounts are not regularly published.
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For starters Kampala is a district of Buganda according to the 1995 constitution, while at the same time occupying the noble role of being the country’s capital city.

.Lugard little thought that in bringing these Sudanese, already (some of them) infected with the sleeping-sickness of the Congo forests, he was to introduce a disease which would kill off some 250,000 natives of Uganda in eight years.^ Many drivers of these vehicles have little training and some are reckless.

^ Silk yarn processing factory at Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute in Uganda is targeting 250,000 metric tonnes of silk yarn......

.Meanwhile Williams, amid endless difficulties, with a mere handful of men, had managed to keep the two factions from civil war, though fighting had actually occurred in Buddu and in the Sese Islands.^ How two allies clashed over differences in approach to the Congo civil war.

After Lugard's return a lull occurred till the coast caravan left, when lawlessness again broke out and several murders were committed. On the 22nd of January the killing of a Protestant at the capital (Mengo) pro- Civil War, 1891. duced a crisis. Lugard appealed to the king to do justice, but he himself was treated with scant courtesy, and his envoy was told that the French party would sack Kampala if Lugard interfered on behalf of the murdered man. In spite of strenuous efforts on the part of the British administrator to avert war the French party determined to fight, and finally attacked the British, who had assembled round Kampala. The king and French party were defeated and fled to the Sese Islands. .The king and chiefs (except two ringleaders) were offered reinstatement, and they appeared anxious to accept these terms, but the French bishop joined them in the islands, and from that day all hopes of peace vanished.^ Historically, chiefs and kings were not voted, they were appointed.

Fighting was recommenced by a " French " attack on " British " canoes, and Williams thereupon attacked the island and routed the hostile faction. After this the " French " slowly concentrated in Buddu in the south, the Protestants migrating thence. .Williams then led a successful expedition against the Sese islanders and went on to the south of the lake to obtain one of the young princes - heirs to the throne - who were at the French mission there.^ There were some Jewish farmers there, mainly South Africans who heard of the plan and were eager for it to succeed.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Went about 3 miles south during the afternoon, but found no one.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Went about 2 miles south in the afternoon, then about 2 miles east, saw no one.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

But the Fathers were hostile, and though Mwanga was eager to accept Lugard's offers of reinstatement, he was a prisoner in the hands of his party. He succeeded eventually in escaping, and arrived in Mengo on the 30th of March (1892). A new treaty was made, and the British flag flew over the capital, while the French party were given a proportion of chiefships and assigned the province of Buddu. .These conditions they themselves said were liberal, nor could they have ventured to assume their old positions throughout Uganda.^ Of these, 11 were granted amnesty, one died of natural causes, while four remained in prison because they could not post bail.
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^ Now that Uganda has agreed to be a case study for the GDDS, these practices should be documented and reviewed, or, where they do not exist, articulated over time.
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Uganda Police Motto is ‘To protect and Serve’ but it is regrettable that while police could not protect him, they also failed to serve him.

The Mahommedans had all this time refrained from attacking the capital as had been expected. .They now clamoured for recognition, and Lugard went to meet them, and after a somewhat precarious and very difficult interview he succeeded in bringing back their king Mbogo to Kampala, and in assigning them three minor provinces in Uganda.1 Lugard on his return to Uganda at the end of r891 had received orders to evacuate the country with his whole force, as the company could no longer maintain their position.^ Uganda: Can the media force a country to mourn?

^ In the longer term, Uganda hopes to link its exchange with those of Kenya and Tanzania, thus strengthening economic ties between the three countries.
  • An MBendi Profile: Uganda Securities Exchange - General Information 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.mbendi.com [Source type: General]

^ Apply for Uganda Visa Online » To apply for visas to several countries add Uganda to selection and return to the list of destinations.
  • Uganda Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Ugandan Visas Online. 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC uganda.visahq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The A reprieve till the end of 1892 followed, funds having Question of been raised through the efforts of Bishop Tucker E vacuation, by the Church Missionary Society and friends. 1892.
The lives of many Europeans were at stake, for anarchy must follow the withdrawal, and it seemed impossible to repudiate the pledges to Toro, or to abandon the Baganda who had fought for the British. In June 1892, therefore, Lugard determined to leave for England to appeal against the decision for abandonment. .Williams remained in Uganda, where the outlook was now fairly promising, and every effort 1 Since reduced to one.^ At one meeting of all cultural leaders in 1971, Amin informed those present that Uganda was to remain a republican state.

^ Every party that is existing in Uganda right now is meddling in tribal politics.

^ Since the elimination of the black market and the introduction of foreign exchange (forex) bureaus, Uganda is one of the most expensive countries in East Africa.
  • Uganda Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

was made to reduce expenses. .On arrival in England Lugard found that the British Government had decided not to come to the help of the company, and Uganda was to be left to its fate.^ Financial support offered by Uganda Government for promotion of textile firms exporting to US under AGOA has come under suspicion; sources said here on March 5......

^ An Indian textile company "ANGELIQUE International Limited" has asked the government for its help in setting up a cotton factory in Uganda's cotton industry....

^ Uganda Cotton Development Organization has asked the government to impose import duty on palm oil to help the countrys cotton sector....

A strong movement was set on foot for the " retention of Uganda," and on the 10th of December Lord Rosebery despatched Sir Gerald Portal to report on the Portal's best means of dealing with the country, and a Mission. g Y?
.subsidy was given to the company to enable them to retain their troops there till the 31st of March 1893. Captain (afterwards General Sir) J. R. L. Macdonald, who had been in charge of a railway survey to Uganda, was directed to inquire into the claims put forward by France for compensation for the priests.^ IGP Major General Kale Kayihura ordered an inquiry into the incident on March 10; however, there were no findings by year's end.
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^ "There are serious human rights concerns in the lead-up to Uganda's March 12, 2001 presidential elections that shed doubt on whether the election will be free and fair."

.His report was set aside by the government, which, without admitting liability, but to close the controversy with France, agreed to pay £10,000 to the French priests, and the foreign office published a categorical reply by Lugard to the accusations made.^ The Weekly Observer continued to publish critical pieces despite the government's ongoing pursuit of a case against the paper's editor and a reporter.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The East African , a Kenya‑based weekly, reported extensively on political news without government interference.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For more information, contact the foreign government office accredited to Canada.
  • Uganda Travel Advice and Advisories | Government of Canada 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.voyage.gc.ca [Source type: News]

Portal and his staff reached Uganda in March, and Williams left soon afterwards with the original troops of the company, leaving Selim Bey and the Sudanese and Portal's large escort in Uganda. The country on Portal's arrival bore every mark of prosperity and revival. By increasing the territory of the Roman Catholics, and giving them estates on the road from Buddu to the capital, Portal gave effect to projects which the Protestants had violently opposed. He added also to their chiefships, and on the 1st of April hoisted the British flag, made a new treaty with Mwanga, and sent Major Roderick Owen to enlist 400 Sudanese from the Toro colonies. He recommended to the imperial government the retention of Uganda (i.e. Buganda), the abandonment of Unyoro and Toro, and the construction of a railway half-way only to the lake. He departed after two and a half months' residence, leaving Macdonald in charge. During Macdonald's administration the Sudanese under Selim Bey began to conspire against the British control. The movement was checked and Selim Bey was deported to the coast.
In November 1893 Colonel (Sir Henry) Colvile arrived to take charge, and at once led the whole of the Baganda army Colvile's against King Kabarega of Unyoro. .Major R. Owen Occupation defeated the hostile army, first in the south and of Unyoro. later in the north, and the Baganda chiefs scattered the main body, while Colvile occupied the capital and built a line of forts from Buganda to Lake Albert, of which he left Major A. B. Thruston in command.^ For starters Kampala is a district of Buganda according to the 1995 constitution, while at the same time occupying the noble role of being the country’s capital city.

This officer fought a number of brilliant actions, and aided by Major (later Colonel) G. G. Cunningham, Captain Seymour Vandeleur, William Grant and others, he overran Unyoro and broke down all resistance. In June 1894 Uganda (i.e. the kingdom of Buganda) was declared a protectorate, and at the end of the year Sir Henry Colvile was invalided. Mr F. J. Jackson now took temporary charge, pending the arrival in June 1895 of Mr E. J. L. Berkeley, the first administrator.
.At this time also it was decided to construct a railway to Uganda, but work was not begun till December 1896. Peace seemed assured in Uganda; territorial limits to religious teaching were abolished, English Roman Catholic priests were added to the French Fathers, and the material progress of the country was very marked.^ I have always wanted to contribute to the transformation of this part of the country even if is by just placing one block to a building being constructed or other ongoing work to transform the region.

^ With its participation in the GDDS, Uganda has agreed to be a pilot country for the preparation of complete sets of metadata and has designated a country coordinator to work with IMF staff on this and related exercises.
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

European traders settled in the country, good permanent houses were built, roads were made and kept in repair, and many new industries introduced, chief among which were the expression of oil from various oilseeds and the cultivation of coffee. Trees were imported and land set aside for planting forests. .The success of these efforts at progress was largely due to Mr G. Wilson, C.B., who had been sent to Uganda from East Africa as an assistant administrator in 1896. In this year also the protectorate was extended over Unyoro and Busoga.1 In the middle of 1897 this era of peace was rudely interrupted.^ The government of Uganda has stated that Uganda’s adventure in Horn of Africa is premised on its commitment to the African Union Peace keeping objectives.

^ Pearls of Africa "nonprofit organization dedicated to serving men, women, and children in Uganda, who live with disabilities."

^ (Kampala, Uganda) Information management and internet connectivity for organizations and companies in Uganda and East Africa.

Colonel Trevor Ternan was acting commissioner, and Macdonald had returned to East Africa in command of an exploring expedition, for which Ternan had been ordered to supply 300 Sudanese.
1 Toro, Ankole, Bukedi and the other countries now included in the protectorate were added by Sir Harry Johnston in 1899-1901.
In June Wilson discovered a plot to revolt, and in July Mwanga fled to the south of Buddu and raised the standard of rebellion.
The rebels were defeated, while Mwanga was made a Rebellion of prisoner by the Germans. Ternan, unaware of the 1897.
disaffection of his men, now sent three companies to Macdonald, selecting those who had been continuously fighting in Unyoro, Nandi and Buddu. This caused great discontent, which was increased by the fact that their pay was six months in arrears and their clothing long overdue. The men, too, resented the fact that their pay was but a fifth of that given to Zanzibari porters and to those of their own body enlisted in the adjoining protectorate. They were sore at again being sent on service without their wives, and complained of harsh treatment from their officers. Necessaries had been delayed in the attempt to import steamers from the coast before the railway was made.
.After Colonel Ternan's departure on leave the three companies who had joined Macdonald broke out into revolt in the Nandi district (East Africa) and set off to Uganda, looting the countries they passed through.^ The Bankruptcy and Companies Acts protect those customers who are secured creditors, because they are treated as preferential creditors in case of the liquidation and the closure of a bank.
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Uganda Participatory Poverty Assessment Process "an initiative of the Government of Uganda that seeks to bring the perspectives of poor Ugandans, through consultations, into the formulation and the implementation of policies and planning for poverty reduction at both district and national levels."

^ Ugandas organic cotton sector is likely to get a boost as the Washington based consultancy group Whitaker and 1888 mills company are exploring avenues in Africa....

Macdonald and Jackson followed with a force of Zanzibaris. Meanwhile Major Thruston - a man justly loved by his soldiers, in whom he had complete confidence - hurried to the garrison at Luba's, near the Ripon Falls, relying on his personal influence to control the men, and risking his life in the heroic attempt. .He and two other Europeans were seized and made prisoners.^ The suspects charged with the 2005 kidnapping of Geoffrey Mwebase and two others were convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison.
  • Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

On the 19th of October a battle was fought between the mutineers and Macdonald's force, in which the former were defeated. The same night the Sudanese leaders, fearful lest their men might submit, murdered Thruston and his companions and sent letters to Uganda to incite their comrades to mutiny. Wilson, however, had already disarmed the troops in Kampala, who remained loyal, as also did Mbogo, the ex-king of the Baganda Mahommedans. A large Protestant army now went to the assistance of Macdonald, and from the 19th of October to the 9th of January the siege of Luba's continued, with constant skirmishes, among the killed being the Rev. G. Pilkington. Early in January Mwanga escaped from the Germans, and, declaring himself a Mahommedan, reached Buddu with a large force, which Major Macdonald defeated with the aid of the Baganda army. He then disarmed the Sudanese garrisons in Buddu. The garrisons in Unyoro (about 500) and in Toro remained loyal. Meanwhile the Sudanese at Luba's (numbering 600, with 200 Mahommedan Baganda) escaped, proceeded up the east bank of the Nile and crossed the river, making their way to Mruli. It appeared probable that if they reached that point the Sudanese garrisons in Unyoro would revolt as well as the Baganda Mahommedans, and the last hope of the Europeans would be lost. Leaving a small column to deal with Mwanga's force in the south, and another with Kabarega, Macdonald pursued the mutineers, overtook them in the swamps of Lake Kioga, and after a couple of successful skirmishes returned to Kampala, leaving Captain (afterwards Colonel) E. G. Harrison in command. That officer, crossing a swamp supposed to be impassable, attacked the rebel stockade at Kabagambi, and carried it with great gallantry. Captain Maloney was killed and Lieut. Osborne wounded, but the crisis was past. A large number of Indian troops arrived early in 1899, and in May Colonel C. G. Martyr inflicted another heavy defeat on the mutineers at Mruli. Mwanga, however, managed to get through and join Kabarega and the rebels in the north. These were dealt with in a series of engagements, but it was not till June 1899 that Colonel J. T. Evatt had the good fortune to capture Kings Mwanga and Kabarega, who were deported to the coast and subsequently removed to the Seychelles, where Mwanga died in 1903. Colonel Martyr at the close of the year (1899) undertook an expedition up the Nile, and extended the limits of the protectorate in that direction. .Major H. H. Austin, who had come up to Uganda in 1897 with Macdonald and had fought through the mutiny operations, revealed the regions north of Mt Elgon.^ Humanitarian Affairs, Integrated Regional Information Network has a mailing list, irinlist , with up-to-date news on the Great Lakes area including Uganda.

^ The NPSC is expected to come up with operational enhancements and recommendations on a vision and strategy for Uganda's payment systems, and to strengthen the legal, regulatory, and institutional basis for oversight of the payment system.
  • IMF Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Uganda 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.imf.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Colonel C. Delme-Radcliffe finally subdued the last Sudanese Mutiny. remnant of the Sudanese mutineers in 1900-1901. The year 1899 had been a costly one, £329,000 being voted in aid. In the autumn of 1899 Sir Harry Johnston was sent out as special commissioner to Uganda, being also given the rank of commander-in-chief. By extensive reorganizations, and in spite of having to cope with a rising in Nandi, his commission resulted in the reduction of expenditure and increase of local revenue. He gave the kingdom of Buganda a definite constitution, settled the land question in the provinces of Buganda, Busoga, Unyoro, Toro and Ankole, and also the question of native taxation. By the treaty of Mengo, signed in March 1900, the young king of Buganda, Daudi Chwa, a son of Mwanga, born in 1896, was accorded the title of his Highness the Kabaka. During his minority the kingdom of Buganda was governed by regents. .In 1900, the Uganda Protectorate was divided into six provinces, but in 1903 the Eastern and part of the Central provinces were transferred to the British East Africa Protectorate.^ From 1894, the territory was a British protectorate, and a significant Indian population settled in Uganda.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A gateway from Central Africa to the Horn of Africa, Uganda lies on the equator and borders the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda and Tanzania in the south, Kenya in the east, and Sudan in the north.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Uganda : Uganda Overview 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Kampala, Uganda) Information management and internet connectivity for organizations and companies in Uganda and East Africa.

In 1902 the Uganda railway, begun in 1896, was finished. Its terminus is at Kisumu (Port Florence) on Kavirondo Gulf, Victoria Nyanza. It is some 580 m. long, ascends in places to altitudes of 7000 and 8000 ft. (highest point 8300 ft.), but has only one tunnel. .Its cost was about £5,300,000. (See British East Africa.^ East Africa between about 1860 and 1960.

) .Colonel Sir James H. Sadler succeeded Sir Harry Johnston in 1902 and was transferred to East Africa in 1905. His place in Uganda was taken by Sir Henry Hesketh Bell, who was made the first governor of Uganda in 1 9 06. The ravages of sleepingsickness between 1901 and 1909 destroyed upwards of a quarter of a million people, and the whole of the native population had to be removed from the lake shores and the Sese Islands; but nevertheless the protectorate continued to make steady progress in civilization and in the development of its material resources.^ A new Jerusalem rising in the mountains of East Africa, a shiny new civilization, dominating all around it, a home of peace and prosperity for all Jews...
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ [The proposal to settle Jews in East Africa] is monstrous, extravagant, and unconstitutional, and opposed not only to the best interests of Christendom but of civilization at large.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Read “The Uganda Protectorate” by Sir.
  • Lavie Tidhar, "Uganda," Flurb #5 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC www.flurb.net [Source type: Original source]

Its transit trade, especially with the Belgian Congo, became of great importance. To facilitate commerce with the Congo and with the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and to open up the Busoga region the British government in 1910 voted money to build a railway from Jinja to Kakindu. The work was carried out under the superintendence of Captain H. E. S. Cordeaux, who became governor of the protectorate in 1910.
Authorities. - J. H. Speke, Discovery of the Source of the Nile (1863); Sir H. M. Stanley, Through the Dark. Continent (1878) and In Darkest Africa (1890); Sir Richard Burton, Lake Regions of Central Africa (1860); Sir Samuel Baker, Albert Nyanza (1866); Emin Pasha, Journals (1886 edition); C. Chaille Long , Central Africa. .Naked Truths of Naked People (1876); Colonel Gordon in Central Africa (1881), edited by G. B. Hill; C. T. Wilson and R. W. Felkin, Uganda and the Egyptian Sudan (1882); R. P. Ashe, Two Kings of Uganda (1889) and Chronicles of Uganda (1894), Sir H. Colvile, The Land of the Nile Springs (1895); P. Kollmann, The Victoria Nyanza (2899); Sir F. D. Lugard, The Rise of Our East African Empire (1893); G. F. Scott-Elliot, A Naturalist in Mid Africa (1896); Joseph Thomson, Through Masai Land (1885); J. Ansorge, Under the African Sun (1899); Count Teleki and Lieut.^ East African Community Online Directory Business directory, mainly for Uganda.

^ Site has articles on Jews in Cape Verde, Ethiopia, Ghana, Uganda , the Lemba in Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa, Timbuktu, Mali, the Tutsi in Central Africa.

^ Has full text reports in Adobe PDF format - "Protecting Africa's Trees" "Forest peoples in the Central African rainforests: focus on the pygmies" etc.

Hohnel, Discoveries of Lakes Rudolf and Stephanie (1894); F. Stuhlmann, Mit Emin Pascha ins Herz von Afrika (1894); Sir Harry Johnston, The Uganda Protectorate (1902); and The Nile Quest (1903); A. B. Thruston, African Incidents (2900); J. F. Cunningham, Uganda and its Peoples (1905); H. H. Austin, With Macdonald in Uganda (1903) and Among Swamps and Giants in Equatorial Africa (1902); Winston Churchill, My African Journey (1908); Bishop Tucker, Eighteen Years in Uganda and East Africa (1908); articles on ethnology by the Rev. H. Roscoe in the Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute between 1900 and 1908; the duke of the Abruzzi, " The Snows of the Nile," in The Geographical Journal (February 1907); De Filippi, Ruwenzori (1908); J. E. S. Moore, The Tanganyika Problem (1903), and To the Mountains of the Moon (Igo'); A. F. R. Wollaston, From Ruwenzori to the Congo (2908); Seymour Vandeleur, Campaigning on the Upper Nile and Niger (1898). (H. H. J.)
The 1922 extension to the 1911 encyclopedia has updated information on this subject.
See Uganda (addition) for this information.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Proper noun

Singular
Uganda
Plural
-
Uganda
.
  1. Country in Eastern Africa.^ Polio outbreaks were reported in several previously polio-free countries in Central, Eastern, and Western Africa beginning in 2003.
    • Health Information for Uganda | CDC Travelers' Health 13 January 2010 11:18 UTC wwwnc.cdc.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Uganda is a landlocked, developing country in central eastern Africa.

    ^ Uganda is a country in Eastern Africa, which has been described as the "pearl of Africa ".

    Official name: Republic of Uganda.

Translations

See also


Bosnian

Proper noun

Uganda f
  1. Uganda

Croatian

Proper noun

Uganda f.
  1. Uganda

Czech

Proper noun

Uganda f.
  1. Uganda

Dutch

Proper noun

Uganda f.
  1. Uganda

Finnish

Wikipedia-logo.png
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Uganda
Wikipedia fi

Proper noun

Uganda
  1. Uganda

Declension


German

Proper noun

Uganda
  1. Uganda

Related terms


Italian

Wikipedia-logo.png
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Uganda
Wikipedia it

Proper noun

Uganda f.
  1. Uganda

Related terms


Norwegian

Proper noun

Uganda
  1. Uganda

Related terms


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /uˈɡan̪d̪a/

Proper noun

Uganda f.
  1. Uganda

Declension

Singular only
Nominative Uganda
Genitive Ugandy
Dative Ugandzie
Accusative Ugandę
Instrumental Ugandą
Locative Ugandzie
Vocative Ugando

Derived terms

  • Ugandyjczyk m., Ugandyjka f.
  • adjective: ugandyjski

Serbian

Proper noun

Uganda f
  1. Uganda

See also


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Uganda, which are similar to those in the above article.








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