Ugandan general election, 2006: Wikis

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Uganda

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The Ugandan general election of 2006 took place on February 23, 2006. This was the first multiparty election since Yoweri Museveni, the current president, took over power in 1986. Six candidates contested for the Presidential office, and at least 33 parties were expected to enter the Parliamentary and District chairperson elections.

Yoweri Museveni ran for re-election. His main opponent the leader of the opposition party Forum for Democratic Change, Kizza Besigye. Besigye was arrested on November 14, 2005 on allegations of treason, concealment of treason, and rape. The treason case included his alleged links to the rebel groups, Lord's Resistance Army and People's Redemption Army, and the rape charge referred to an incident in November 1997 allegedly involving the daughter of a friend. The arrest led to demonstrations and riots in Kampala and towns around the country. Pro-Besigye protesters believed the charges were fabricated to stop Besigye from challenging Museveni.

In December 2005, six presidential candidates, including Yoweri Museveni and the leaders of the three major opposition political parties, and two independents, qualified to contest in the elections.

Contents

Registered presidential candidates

Justice Forum leader Muhammad Kibirige Mayanja and Conservative Party's Ken Lukyamuzi decided not to contest, but said they would support a joint candidate agreed to by the "Group of Six"[1] opposition political parties. Independent candidate Nasser Sebaggala registered, but later decided to quit the presidential race, and asked his supporters to vote for the DP's Kizito.

Results

Official figures released on February 25, 2006 showed Museveni had won 59% of the vote, giving him a third term as President, while main rival Kizza Besigye took 37%. Opposition supporters in Kampala staged some protests but were dispersed by riot police with tear gas.[2] On 6 April, the Supreme Court of Uganda rejected Besigye's request to dismiss the poll by a vote of four to three, though a majority agreed that there had been electoral irregularities.[3]

e • d  Summary of the 23 February 2006 Ugandan presidential election results
Candidates - nominating parties Votes %
Yoweri Museveni - National Resistance Movement 4,109,449 59.26
Kizza Besigye - Forum for Democratic Change 2,592,954 37.39
John Ssebaana Kizito - Democratic Party 109,583 1.58
Abed Bwanika - Independent 65,874 0.95
Miria Obote - Uganda People's Congress 57,071 0.82
Total 6,934,931 100.00
Source: New Vision newspaper, Electoral Commission of Uganda
e • d  Summary of the 23 February 2006 National Assembly of Uganda election results
Parties Votes % Constituency
seats
District
woman reps.
Indirect
seats
Total
seats
National Resistance Movement 142 49 14 205
Forum for Democratic Change 27 10 - 37
Uganda People's Congress 9 - - 9
Democratic Party 8 - - 8
Conservative Party 1 - - 1
Justice Forum 1 - - 1
Independents 26 10 1 37
Vacant 1 - - 1
Uganda People's Defence Force Representatives 10
Ex-officio members 10
Total (turnout 72 %) 215 69 15 319
Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union

Note on the Distribution of seats:
Constituency seats refers to directly elected constituency representatives (215)
District Woman Reps. refers to directly elected District Woman Representatives (69)
Indirect seats include: Representatives of the Youth (5), Representatives of Persons with Disabilities (5), and Representatives of Workers (5)

e • d  23 February 2006 Ugandan presidential election results by district
District Registered Voters Abed Bwanika Besigye Kizza Obote Kalule Miria Sebana Joseph Kizito Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
ADJUMANI 49447 779 (2.38%) 19919 (60.75%) 165 (0.5%) 648 (1.98%) 11277 (34.39%)
AMOLATAR 33020 304 (1.23%) 16462 (66.44%) 440 (1.78%) 460 (1.86%) 7112 (28.7%)
AMURIA 65691 1063 (2.46%) 33602 (77.73%) 594 (1.37%) 709 (1.64%) 7260 (16.79%)
APAC 240639 3335 (2.1%) 115840 (72.81%) 11019 (6.93%) 3272 (2.06%) 25625 (16.11%)
ARUA 281954 4435 (2.45%) 103133 (56.95%) 2158 (1.19%) 3941 (2.18%) 67436 (37.24%)
BUGIRI 177525 1091 (0.93%) 39632 (33.88%) 771 (0.66%) 1026 (0.88%) 74457 (63.65%)
BUKWO 23925 114 (0.66%) 1286 (7.39%) 36 (0.21%) 90 (0.52%) 15865 (91.23%)
BUNDIBUGYO 89035 1102 (1.9%) 10691 (18.41%) 363 (0.63%) 1169 (2.01%) 44735 (77.05%)
BUSHENYI 308013 1082 (0.47%) 51050 (22.14%) 299 (0.13%) 1212 (0.53%) 176909 (76.73%)
BUSIA 111091 896 (1.19%) 28817 (38.17%) 872 (1.16%) 885 (1.17%) 44020 (58.31%)
BUTALEJA 69822 608 (1.26%) 17176 (35.64%) 919 (1.91%) 459 (0.95%) 29026 (60.23%)
GULU 215953 2406 (1.89%) 104910 (82.37%) 1423 (1.12%) 1793 (1.41%) 16827 (13.21%)
HOIMA 133384 663 (0.71%) 14697 (15.77%) 312 (0.33%) 545 (0.58%) 76952 (82.59%)
IBANDA 87951 198 (0.31%) 6734 (10.52%) 55 (0.09%) 281 (0.44%) 56726 (88.64%)
IGANGA 286740 1021 (0.57%) 52459 (29.26%) 729 (0.41%) 1075 (0.6%) 124025 (69.17%)
ISINGIRO 142507 322 (0.29%) 14745 (13.33%) 103 (0.09%) 433 (0.39%) 95040 (85.9%)
JINJA 163681 526 (0.53%) 43834 (44.03%) 487 (0.49%) 453 (0.46%) 54259 (54.5%)
KAABONG 41861 526 (2.18%) 1807 (7.49%) 494 (2.05%) 1001 (4.15%) 20302 (84.14%)
KABALE 214840 547 (0.36%) 34244 (22.79%) 152 (0.1%) 395 (0.26%) 114919 (76.48%)
KABAROLE 153042 438 (0.42%) 14961 (14.42%) 202 (0.19%) 988 (0.95%) 87154 (84.01%)
KABERAMAIDO 60437 711 (1.59%) 34612 (77.19%) 536 (1.2%) 630 (1.4%) 8351 (18.62%)
KALANGALA 24200 118 (0.87%) 5555 (41.19%) 28 (0.21%) 539 (4%) 7246 (53.73%)
KALIRO 59288 227 (0.51%) 4121 (9.2%) 87 (0.19%) 285 (0.64%) 40076 (89.46%)
KAMPALA 764283 3045 (0.7%) 245004 (56.69%) 1425 (0.33%) 11993 (2.78%) 170688 (39.5%)
KAMULI 207242 846 (0.61%) 25187 (18.03%) 431 (0.31%) 1016 (0.73%) 112236 (80.33%)
KAMWENGE 127799 365 (0.39%) 8909 (9.53%) 97 (0.1%) 632 (0.68%) 83436 (89.29%)
KANUNGU 96091 344 (0.49%) 16109 (22.86%) 61 (0.09%) 359 (0.51%) 53600 (76.06%)
KAPCHORWA 61891 265 (0.62%) 9296 (21.67%) 80 (0.19%) 112 (0.26%) 33144 (77.26%)
KASESE 210826 1507 (1.12%) 70936 (52.61%) 499 (0.37%) 1598 (1.19%) 60301 (44.72%)
KATAKWI 45494 894 (2.79%) 16845 (52.51%) 435 (1.36%) 963 (3%) 12940 (40.34%)
KAYUNGA 126005 477 (0.59%) 24044 (29.65%) 395 (0.49%) 1030 (1.27%) 55152 (68.01%)
KIBAALE 180770 591 (0.46%) 10577 (8.22%) 453 (0.35%) 1027 (0.8%) 116059 (90.17%)
KIBOGA 115852 358 (0.5%) 11168 (15.52%) 111 (0.15%) 861 (1.2%) 59478 (82.64%)
KIRUHURA 104992 178 (0.2%) 6282 (6.92%) 100 (0.11%) 168 (0.19%) 84046 (92.59%)
KISORO 99391 326 (0.41%) 5175 (6.53%) 164 (0.21%) 669 (0.84%) 72896 (92.01%)
KITGUM 115010 1588 (2.21%) 54293 (75.47%) 1020 (1.42%) 1478 (2.05%) 13562 (18.85%)
KOBOKO 48973 1041 (3.58%) 16858 (57.94%) 192 (0.66%) 663 (2.28%) 10343 (35.55%)
KOTIDO 56559 362 (1.17%) 2694 (8.7%) 273 (0.88%) 788 (2.55%) 26842 (86.7%)
KUMI 158510 2268 (2.05%) 75440 (68.09%) 1083 (0.98%) 1598 (1.44%) 30398 (27.44%)
KYENJOJO 150354 523 (0.48%) 7152 (6.61%) 300 (0.28%) 940 (0.87%) 99291 (91.76%)
LIRA 247272 3133 (2.07%) 121568 (80.41%) 11516 (7.62%) 2982 (1.97%) 11986 (7.93%)
LUWEERO 148042 683 (0.73%) 28253 (30.38%) 241 (0.26%) 2394 (2.57%) 61439 (66.06%)
MANAFA 163807 693 (0.61%) 26935 (23.75%) 470 (0.41%) 609 (0.54%) 84688 (74.68%)
MASAKA 317684 1155 (0.54%) 78553 (36.65%) 197 (0.09%) 7856 (3.67%) 126561 (59.05%)
MASINDI 195112 1417 (1.19%) 29555 (24.88%) 945 (0.8%) 1403 (1.18%) 85447 (71.95%)
MAYUGE 128811 652 (0.86%) 26183 (34.49%) 623 (0.82%) 642 (0.85%) 47824 (62.99%)
MBALE 162767 620 (0.63%) 47856 (48.37%) 455 (0.46%) 509 (0.51%) 49507 (50.03%)
MBARARA 175401 339 (0.28%) 28270 (23.05%) 160 (0.13%) 287 (0.23%) 93571 (76.31%)
MITYANA 114425 370 (0.48%) 22415 (28.85%) 197 (0.25%) 2894 (3.72%) 51825 (66.7%)
MOROTO 63095 735 (2.16%) 2811 (8.28%) 565 (1.66%) 1478 (4.35%) 28363 (83.54%)
MOYO 42137 685 (2.45%) 14901 (53.38%) 306 (1.1%) 414 (1.48%) 11610 (41.59%)
MPIGI 168103 576 (0.51%) 32285 (28.42%) 272 (0.24%) 4496 (3.96%) 75988 (66.88%)
MUBENDE 197597 633 (0.49%) 14558 (11.35%) 309 (0.24%) 1560 (1.22%) 111232 (86.7%)
MUKONO 345689 1514 (0.71%) 82743 (38.68%) 690 (0.32%) 6134 (2.87%) 122847 (57.42%)
NAKAPIRIPIRIT 46070 189 (0.74%) 1390 (5.41%) 146 (0.57%) 310 (1.21%) 23635 (92.07%)
NAKASEKE 63541 204 (0.46%) 6384 (14.29%) 60 (0.13%) 763 (1.71%) 37260 (83.41%)
NAKASONGOLA 56502 164 (0.42%) 3600 (9.15%) 95 (0.24%) 188 (0.48%) 35284 (89.71%)
NEBBI 176766 2525 (2.13%) 56663 (47.87%) 2733 (2.31%) 2245 (1.9%) 54208 (45.79%)
NTUNGAMO 186127 545 (0.38%) 40283 (28.45%) 169 (0.12%) 538 (0.38%) 100077 (70.67%)
PADER 122802 1538 (2.21%) 53921 (77.32%) 674 (0.97%) 1303 (1.87%) 12305 (17.64%)
PALLISA 225241 1883 (1.22%) 70178 (45.5%) 1086 (0.7%) 2037 (1.32%) 79055 (51.25%)
RAKAI 206289 556 (0.4%) 36980 (26.29%) 172 (0.12%) 2248 (1.6%) 100709 (71.59%)
RUKUNGIRI 122711 363 (0.42%) 29261 (34.26%) 100 (0.12%) 256 (0.3%) 55436 (64.9%)
SIRONKO 138013 577 (0.6%) 35855 (37.4%) 239 (0.25%) 518 (0.54%) 58670 (61.2%)
SOROTI 149304 1663 (1.59%) 84217 (80.5%) 773 (0.74%) 971 (0.93%) 16993 (16.24%)
SSEMBABULE 85016 195 (0.33%) 12567 (21.02%) 107 (0.18%) 610 (1.02%) 46320 (77.46%)
TORORO 164263 1476 (1.35%) 56528 (51.68%) 2912 (2.66%) 1094 (1%) 47374 (43.31%)
WAKISO 457962 1720 (0.64%) 125306 (46.51%) 555 (0.21%) 13239 (4.91%) 128620 (47.74%)
YUMBE 76151 1051 (2.26%) 24297 (52.22%) 454 (0.98%) 893 (1.92%) 19832 (42.62%)
TOTAL 10450788
(65.83%)
65344
(0.95%)
2570572
(37.36%)
56584
(0.82%)
109055
(1.59%)
4078677
(59.28%)
Source: Electoral Commission of Uganda Full Results

Controversy

The 2006 election was marred by a lot of controversy with the incumbent government accused of intimidating the opposition parties[4]. Examples of this intimidation include; the arrest and detention of one of the opposition leaders, Kizza Besigye allegedly on charges of rape and treason [5].

Notes

  1. ^ The Group of Six or G6 are the main opposition political parties which include, the Democratic Party, Uganda Peoples Congress, Conservative Party, FDC, The Free Movement and Justice Forum.
  2. ^ Uganda's Museveni wins election, BBC News, 25 February 2006
  3. ^ Uganda court rejects poll protest, BBC News, 6 April 2006
  4. ^ Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, "Uganda: Strength of political opposition following the February 2006 elections; reports of mistreatment of members and supporters of opposition parties by authorities (November 2005 - January 2007)", 22 February 2007
  5. ^ In Hope and Fear: Uganda's Presidential and Parliamentary Polls, Human Rights Watch, February 2006

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