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Ujjain
Ujjain
Location of Ujjain
in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates 23°10′58″N 75°46′38″E / 23.182778°N 75.777222°E / 23.182778; 75.777222
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
District(s) Ujjain
Population 429,933 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

491 m (1,611 ft)
Website ujjain.nic.in

Ujjain (Hindi: उज्जैन) About this sound pronunciation (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri), is an ancient city of Malwa region in central India, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River Hindi: क्षिप्रा (today part of the state of Madhya Pradesh). It is the administrative centre of Ujjain District and Ujjain Division.

In ancient times the city was called Ujjayini. As mentioned in the Mahabharata epic, Ujjayini was the capital of the Avanti Kingdom, and has been the Prime Meridian for Hindu geographers since the 4th century BCE. Ujjain is one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, and the Kumbh Mela religious festival is held there every 12 years. It is also home to Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva and is also the place where Lord Krishna got education with Balarama and Sudama from Maharshi Sandipani.

Contents

History of Ujjain

Ancient Indian (Bharata) cities and Places(Title and location names are in English.)
Coin showing Karttikeya and Lakshmi (Ujjain, circa 150–75 BC)

The earliest references to the city, as Ujjaini, are from the time of the Buddha, when it was the capital of the Avanti Kingdom. Since the 4th century B.C. the city has marked the first meridian of longitude in Hindu geography. It is also reputed to have been the residence of Ashoka (who subsequently became the emperor), when he was the viceroy of the western provinces of the Maurya empire.

In the Post-Mauryan period, the city was ruled by the Sungas and the Satavahanas consecutively. It was contested for a period between the Satavahanas and the Ror Sakas (devotees of Shakumbari), known as Western Satraps; however, following the end of the Satavahana dynasty, the city was retained by the Rors from the 2nd to the 12th century CE. Following the enthroning of the Gupta dynasty, the city soon became an important seat in the annals of that empire. Ujjain is considered to be the traditional capital of King Chandragupta II, also known as Vikramaditya, at whose court the nine poets known as the navaratna (nine jewels) of Sanskrit literature are said to have flourished.

In the 6th and 7th centuries, Ujjain was a major centre of mathematical and astronomical research. The famous mathematicians who worked there included: Brahmagupta, whose book Brahmasphutasiddhanta was responsible for spreading the use of zero, negative numbers and the positional number system to Arabia and Cambodia; Varahamihira, who was the first to discover many trigonometric identities; and Bhaskaracharya, or Bhaskara II, whose book Lilavati broke new ground in many areas of mathematics.

Mahakal Temple Ujjain

Ujjain was invaded by the forces of the Delhi Sultanate led by Iltutmish in 1235, suffering widespread destruction and systematic desecration of temples. Under the Mughal emperor Akbar it became the capital of Malwa.

During the last half of the 18th century Ujjain was the headquarters of the Maratha leader Sindhia. The Scindias later established themselves at Gwalior, and Ujjain remained part of Gwalior state until Indian Independence in 1947. Gwalior state became a princely state of the British Raj after the Maratha defeat in the Third Anglo-Maratha War, and Gwalior, Ujjain, and the neighboring princely states were made a part of the Central India Agency. After Indian independence, the Scindia ruler of Gwalior acceded to the Indian Union, and Ujjain became part of the Madhya Bharat state. In 1956 Madhya Bharat was merged into the Madhya Pradesh state.

Ancient monuments and tourist sights in Ujjain

  • The Mahakal Temple, one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, is the most famous and venerated Shiva temple. The Shivling in this temple is supposed to be the only Jyotirling which faces south and hence it is known as Dakshinmukhi or the south-facing ling.
  • The temple of Chintaman ganesh is the biggest ancient temple of Lord Ganesha in Ujjain.
  • The temple of Maa Wagheshvari is known for its tallest idol of a goddess Wagheshwari and "Sinh (lion) - Dwar (gate)".
  • The Harsidhhi Temple is one of the Shaktipeeth, situated at 52 places in India.
  • The Kaliyadeh Palace, located on the outskirts of the city, is a fine piece of ancient Indian architecture, though poor in upkeep.
  • The Bhrathari caves is an ancient cave which has some interesting legends associated with it.
  • The ISKCON temple has a restaurant run by the ISKCON Society and is a major attraction for tourists.
  • The Prashanti Dham is a holy place, where Sai Baba's Ashram is situated.
  • Jain temples: Jai Singh Pura Atishay Kshetra, Tapobhoomi, Avanti Parshwanath, Hanumant baag.
  • The Kothi Palace presents a sight worth watching in the evening.
  • The Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan museum, located near Chamunda tower, holds many ancient objects.
  • The throne of Maharaja Vikramaditya, known as the "seat of judgment (salabanjika throne)" may be located in the Rudra Sagar lake.
  • Other temples are Harsidhhi (Durga Temple), Chintaman Ganesh, Gadh Kalika, Kaal Bhairav, Sandipani Ashram, Triveni (Nav Graha Shani Mandir), ISKCON (The International Society for Krishna Consciousness) temple, Mangalnaath, Siddhhanath and Shiv Shakti.

Image gallery

Various Names of Ujjain

Since Ujjain is one of the oldest cities in India, it has been known by many names:[1]

Geography

Ujjain is situated on the Malwa Plateau in Central India. The soil is black and stony. The vegetation is typical of arid regions with thorny trees like babul and acacia dominating the landscape. Soybean, wheat, jowar and bajra are the main crops grown.

Ujjain is located at 23°10′58″N 75°46′38″E / 23.182778°N 75.777222°E / 23.182778; 75.777222.[2] It has an average elevation of 491 metres (1610 ft).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Ujjain had a population of 429,933. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ujjain has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 66%. In Ujjain, 13% of the population is under 7 years of age.

Climate

Ujjain experiences typical climate conditions of the interior Indian subcontinent. The summer months (April–June) are harsh with temperatures reaching up to 45°C. In addition, hot winds (called loo) may blow in the afternoons, worsening the heat. The winter months (Nov.–Feb.) are pleasant and cool with daytime temperatures typically 20°C, though it may drop to subzero in the night. The monsoon typically arrives in late June and the months of June till September receive moderate to heavy rainfall. There are periods of rainfall followed by long periods of bright sunshine and high humidity. The month of October generally is very warm and with high humidity.

Administrative

Ujjain city has two legislative assembly zones, known as Ujjain North and Ujjain South. For Parliamentary purposes it is treated as one seat

Economy

The economy of Ujjain is mainly dependent on the agricultural activities of the nearby villages. Two main crops are grown each year: wheat as the major Rabi crop, soyabean as the major Kharif crop. Ujjain agriculture is sensitive to changes in rainfall and failure of monsoon cycles can lay a devastating toll on agriculture and the local economy.

Ujjain was previously a centre of the textile industry with a number of textile mills in and around the city. These mills have since closed, unemploying hundreds. Religious tourism is also a contributor to the economy, especially during the Simhasta Mela.

The business for small traders is booming because of money brought in by the young professionals working in MNC's in other cities. Because of this many shopping complex and developmental projects are coming in the city.

Number of new infrastructure projects are under construction. Major investments are planned by some of the leading companies in steel sector (like SAIL) to utilize Ujjain as a base for regional supply. With cheaper land & labour costs Ujjain is creating enough attention for new investments.

Ujjain also generate huge Revenue from economy boost by holy fair of Kumbh Mela localy known as Simhastha.

Transport

An elephant outside the Mahakaleshawar temple in Ujjain

Ujjain is well-connected by rail, air and road. It is on the Western Railway and is connected by direct train to most major Indian cities (Mumbai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Pune, Surat, Lucknow, Jaipur, Kanpur, Nagpur, Patna, Indore, Bhopal Junction, Coimbatore, Mysore, Thiruvananthapuram, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Varanasi, Bhubaneshwar etc).

The local airport of the city is Ujjain Airport which currently do not offer any services. The other nearest airport is Indore Airport, which has daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Pune, Ahemdabad, Bangalore, Nagpur, Raipur, Bhopal, Jabalpur.

The road network is developed with other parts of Madhya Pradesh. Private buses ply on these roads, though it is best to take your own vehicle for short distances.

Ujjain is connected to Indore through SH-27 and SH-18 Dewas-Badnawar passes through it.

An extensive network of old but inexpensive three-wheelers called tempoes serves the majority of the population. Three-wheeler auto-rickshaws are also quite popular. Recent years have seen an explosion of privately owned vehicles, especially two-wheelers unsuited for the traffic, that congest the narrow thoroughfares.

Railway Stations

There are three railway stations:

  1. Ujjain Junction
  2. Vikram Nagar
  3. Chintaman (Metre Gauge)

Bus Stations

  1. Dewas Gate(major bus stand)
  2. NanaKheda

Major Roads

Indore Road, Dewas Road, Agar Road, Badnagar Road, Maksi Road,V.D.Market,Freegunj,Malipura,New Way, Desai Nagar.

and more.

Education

Primary and secondary education in Ujjain is offered by various schools which are affiliated to one of the boards of education, such as the Madhya Pradesh Board of Secondary Education and CBSE. Schools in Ujjain are either government run or are private (both aided and un-aided by the government).

Ujjain is well known for its university, Vikram University. It is the second oldest University in Madhya Pradesh,established in 1957. The city has one Government aided Engineering College Ujjain Engineering College (UEC) and numerous privately run Engineering and Management institues. Medical Colleges include Government aided Govt. Autonomous Dhanvantri Ayurveda College & privately held R.D.Gardi Medical College.

84 Gods of Ujjain

There are 84 Gods of Ujjain, Chaurasi Ishwaras, out of them four are the dwarapalas of Mahakala Ujjain. The four dwarapalas are Pingaleshwara (East), Kayavarohaneshwara (South), Vilveshwara (West) and Dardareshwara (North). The Chaurasi Ishwaras are:

Agasteshwara Mahadeva, Gurihashwara Mahadeva, Dudeshwara Mahadeva, Damarukeshwara Mahadeva, Anadikalpeshwara Mahadeva, Swarnajaleshwara Mahadeva, Trivishtapeshwara Mahadeva, Kapaleshwara Mahadeva, Swargadareshwara Mahadeva, Karkoteshwara Mahadeva, Siddheshwara Mahadeva, Lokapaleshwara Mahadeva, Kameshwara Mahadeva, Kutumbeshwara Mahadeva, Indradhamneshwara Mahadeva, Ishaneshwara Mahadeva, Apsareshwara Mahadeva, Kalakaleshwara Mahadeva, Nagachandreshwara Mahadeva, Pratihareshwara Mahadeva, Kukkuteshwara Mahadeva, Karkateshwara Mahadeva, Meghanadeshwara Mahadeva, Mahalayeshwara Mahadeva, Mukteshwara Mahadeva, Someshwara Mahadeva, Anarkeshwara Mahadeva, Jateshwara Mahadeva, Rameshwara Mahadeva, Chyavaneshwara Mahadeva, Khandeshwara Mahadeva, Pantaneshwara Mahadeva, Anandeshwara Mahadeva, Kandhadeshwara Mahadeva, Indreshwara Mahadeva, Markandeshwara Mahadeva, Shiveshwara Mahadeva, Kusumeshwara Mahadeva, Akrureshwara Mahadeva, Kundeshwara Mahadeva, Lumpeshwara Mahadeva, Gangeshwara Mahadeva, Angarakeshwara Mahadeva, Uttareshwara Mahadeva, Trilochaneshwara Mahadeva, Vireshwara Mahadeva, Nripareshwara Mahadeva, Abhayeshwara Mahadeva, Prithukeshwara Mahadeva, Sthawareshwara Mahadeva, Shuleshwara Mahadeva, Onkareshwara Mahadeva, Vishvareshwara Mahadeva, Kantheshwara Mahadeva, Singheshwara Mahadeva, Revanteshwara Mahadeva, Ghanteshwara Mahadeva, Prayageshwara Mahadeva, Shrisiddheshwara Mahadeva, Matangeshwara Mahadeva, Saubhageshwara Mahadeva, Rupeshwara Mahadeva, Sahastradhanukareshwara Mahadeva, Pashupateshwara Mahadeva, Brahmeshwara Mahadeva, Jalapeshwara Mahadeva, Kedareshwara Mahadeva, Pishachamukteshwara Mahadeva, Sangameshwara Mahadeva, Duddhareshwara Mahadeva, Yageshwara Mahadeva, Chandradityeshwara Mahadeva, Karabheshwara Mahadeva, Rajasthaleshwara Mahadeva, Badaleashwara Mahadeva, Aruneshwara Mahadeva, Pushpadanteshwara Mahadeva, Abhimukteshwara Mahadeva, Hanumanteshwara Mahadeva, Shriswapneshwara Mahadeva, Pingaleshwara Mahadeva, Kayavarihaneshwara Mahadeva, Bilkeshwara Mahadeva, Durdureshwara Mahadeva,

References

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Ujjain is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India.

Get in

Ujjain is well connected with rest of India by road and rail, but there is no airport in the city.The closest airport is in Indore and the distance between Indore and Ujjain is 52 Km.

By train

Ujjain has direct trains for all the major cities of India, though some are very inconvenient and it's better to break journey from Bhopal. From Bombay "Awanitka express"(daily) and "Pune-Indore" express (thrice in week), from New Delhi "Hazarat Nizamuddin Intercity Express" and from Bangalore "Jaipur Mysore Express" are a few good leads.

By car

Ujjain is connected to nearby towns with very good roads compared to the rest of Madhya Pradesh. It is 52 km from Indore and it takes less than an hour to cover the distance. Indore is in turn connected by Agra-Mumbai National Highway to rest of the India.

Get around

Nagda,a small town is also about 50km far from Ujjain.Nagda has the largest factory of Birla all over India.

See

Mahakaleshwar The presiding deity of time, Shiva, in all his splendour reigns eternal in Ujjain.The temple of Mahakaleshwar, its shikhara soaring into the skies, evokes primordial awe and reverence with its majesty. The Mahakal dominates the life of the city and its people, even in the midst of the busy routine of modern preoccupations, and provides an unbreakable link with past traditions.

Kal Bhairava The worship of the eight Bhairavas is a part of Saivite tradition and the chief among them is Kal Bhairava, believed to have been built by King Bhadresen, on the banks of the Shipra. There is mention of a Kal Bhairva temple in the Avanti Khanda of the Skanda Purana. Worship of Kal Bhairava is believed to have been a part of the Kapalika and Aghora sects. Ujjain was a prominent centre of these two sects. Even today, liquor is offered as a part of the ritual to Kal Bhairava Beautiful paintings in the Malwa style once decorated the temple walls, only traces of which are visible.

Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir This temple situated above the tank near the Mahakaleshwar temple, enshrines a huge artistic sculpture of Ganesh, the son of Shiva. An idol of this size and beauty is rarely to be found. The middle of the temple is adorned by an idol of the pancha-mukhi (five faced) Hanuman. There is provision for learning of Sanskrit and Astrology in the temple. Chintaman Ganesh The temple is built across the Shipra on the Fatehabad railway line. The Ganesh idol enshrined here is supposed to be swayambhu - born of itself. The temple itself is believed to be of considerable antiquity. Riddhi and Siddhi, the consorts of Ganesha, are seated on either side of Ganesha. The artistically carved pillars in the assembly hall date back to the Paramara period. Worshippers throng to this temple because the deity here is traditionally known as Chintaharan Ganesh meaning "the assurer of freedom from worldly anxieties".

Pir Matsyendranath This is an extremely attractive spot on the banks of the Shipra quite close to the Bhartihari Caves and the Gadkalika Temple. It is dedicated to the memory of one of the great leaders of the Natha sect of Saivism-Matsyendranath. Since muslims as well as the followers of the Natha sect call their saints 'pir', the ancient site of Pir Matsyendranath is venerated by both. Excavations at this site have yielded some antiquities which date back to the 6th and 7th century BC.

Bhartrihari Caves These caves are situated just above the bank of the Shipra near the temple of Gadkalika. According to popular tradition, this is the spot where Bhartrihari, who is said to have been the step brother of Vikramaditya, lived and meditated after renouncing worldly life. He is believed to have been a great scholar and poet. His famous works, Shringarshatak, Vairagyashatak, and Nitishatak, are known for the exquisite use of the Sanskrit meter.

Kaliadeh Palace Situated on the banks of the Shipra, the island-like site immediately conjures up the natural beauty of ancient Ujjain which poets down the ages have waxed lyrical. The glorious landscape of the flowing river on both sides of the palace and the man-made tanks and channels, with water gurgling through them, provide a spectacular backdrop to the imposing building.

The central dome of the palace is a beautiful example of Persian architecture. Two Persian inscriptions found in one of the long corridors of the palace record the visits of Emperor Akbar and Jehangir to this palace.

The palace was broken down in the time of the Pindaris and was restored by Madhav Rao Scindia in 1920 to its present glory. The Sun Temple was also restored by the family.

Durgadas Ki Chhatri This distinctive monument glows like a small jewel in the surrounding lush landscape. Vir Durgadas earned a secure niche for himself in the history of Marwad by his undaunting, selfless service to the State. He fought for the independence of Jodhpur after the death of Maharaj Jaswant Singh and helped Ajit Singh to ascend the throne against the wishes of Aurangzeb.

Durgadas died at Rampura in 1718, and his funeral rites were performed according to his wishes on the banks of the Shipra. The rulers of Jodhpur had built the chhatri to consecrate his memory. This beautiful structure, built in the Rajpur style of architecture, houses a statue of Durgadas which crumbled down.

Harsiddhi Temple This temple occupies a special place in the galaxy of ancient sacred spots of Ujjain. Seated between the idols of Mahalaxmi and Mahasaraswati, the idol of Annapurna is painted in dark vermilion colour. The Sri Yantra, the symbol of power or shakti, is also enshrined in the temple.

According to the Shiva Purana, when Shiva carried away the burning body of Sati from the sacrificial fire, her elbow dropped at this place. There is an interesting legend in the Skanda Purana about the manner in which the Goddess Chandi acquired the epithet of Harsiddhi. Once when Shiva and Parvati were alone on Mount Kailash, two demons called Chand and Prachand tried to force their way in. Shiva called upon Chandi to destroy them which she did. Pleased, Shiva bestowed upon her the epithet of 'one who vanquishes all'.

The temple was reconstructed during the Maratha period and the two pillars adorned with lamps are special features of Maratha art. These lamps, lit during Navaratri, present a glorious spectacle. There is an ancient well on the premises, and an artistic pillar adorns the top of it.

Siddhavat This enormous banyan tree on the banks of the Shipra, has been vested with religious sanctity as the Akashyavat in Prayag and Gaya, Vanshivat of Vrindavan and the Panchavata of Nasik. Thousands of pilgrims take a dip in the Shipra from the bathing ghat built here. According to one tradition, Parvati is believed to have performed her penance here. It used to be a place of worship for the followers of Natha sect. One legend has it that some Mughal rulers had cut off the Banyan tree and covered the site with iron sheets to prevent its roots from growing. But the tree pierced the iron sheets and grew and flourished. The little village of Bhairogarh near Siddhavat is famous for its tie and dye painting for centuries. In ancient times when trade with other countries flourished, exquisitely printed cloth from Bhairogarh used to find its way to Rome and China.

Sandipani Ashram The fact that ancient Ujjain apart from its political and religious importance, enjoyed the reputation of being a great seat of learning as early as the Mahabharata period is borne out by the fact that, Lord Krishna and Sudama received regular instruction in the ashram of Guru Sandipani. The area near the ashram is known as Ankapata, popularly believed to have been the place used by Lord Krishna for washing his writing tablet. The numerals 1 to 100 found on a stone are believed to have been engraved by Guru Sandipani.

The Gomti Kunda referred to in the Puranas was the source of water supply to the ashram in the olden days. An image of Nandi, belonging to the Shunga period, is to be found near the tank. The followers of Vallabha sect regard this place as the 73rd seat of the 84 seats of Vallabhacharya where he delivered his discourses throughout India.

Gadkalika Situated about 2 miles from the city of Ujjain, the deity in this temple is believed to have been worshipped by Kalidasa. The legend goes that he was an idiot and it is by his devotion to the goddess Kalika that he acquired great literary skills.

Emperor Harshavardhan had this temple renovated in the 7th century AD. There is further evidence of renovation during the Paramara period. The temple has been rebuilt in the modern times by the erstwhile Gwalior State. Mangalnath This temple is situated away from the bustle of the city and can be reached through a winding road. The temple looks upon a vast expanse of the Shipra waters and fills the onlooker with an indescribable sense of peace.

Mangalnath is regarded as the birth place of Mars, according to the Matsya Purana. In ancient times, it was famous for a clear view of the planet and hence suitable for astronomical studies. Mahadev or Shiva is the deity which is worshipped in the temple of Mangalnath.

Gopal Mandir This huge temple is situated in the middle of the big market square. It was constructed by Bayajibai Shinde, the queen of Maharajah Daulat Rao Shinde in the 19th century. It is a beautiful example of Maratha architecture. The sanctum sanctorum is inlaid with marble and doors are silver plated. The door in the inner sanctum is said to have been carried to Ghazni from the Somnath temple and from thence by Mahmud Shah Abdali to Lahore. Mahadji Scindia recovered it and now it has been installed in this temple.

Navagraha Mandir (Triveni) Situated on the Triveni Ghat of the Shipra, the temple is located away from the old site of Ujjaini town. It is dedicated to the nine planets, attracts large crowds on new moon days falling on Saturdays. Its religious importance has increased in recent years though there is no known reference to it in the ancient texts.

The Vedha Shala (Observatory) Ujjain enjoyed a position of considerable importance in the field of astronomy. Great works on astronomy such as the Surya Siddhanta and the Panch Siddhanta were written in Ujjain. According to Indian astronomers, the Tropic of Cancer is supposed to pass through Ujjain. It is also the fist meridian of longitude of the Hindu geographers. From about the 4th century BC, Ujjain enjoyed the reputation of being India's Greenwich. The observatory extant today was built by Raja Jai Singh (1686-1743), who was a great scholar. He translated the works of Ptolemy and Euclid into Sanskrit from Arabic. Of the many observatories built by him at Jaipur, Delhi, Varanasi, Mathura, and Ujjain, the one at Ujjain is still in use actively. Astronomical studies are conducted through the Department of Education and the ephemeris is published every year. There is a small planetarium and a telescope to observe the moon, Mars, Jupiter and their satellites. The observatory is also used for weather forecasts.

Vikram Kirti Mandir Established on the occasion of the second millennium of the Vikram era, as the cultural centre to perpetuate the memory of Vikramaditya, the Vikram Kirti Mandir houses the Scindia Oriental Research Institute, an archaeological museum, an art gallery and an auditorium. The Scindia Oriental Research Institute has an invaluable collection of 18,000 manuscripts on various subjects and runs a reference library of important oriental publications. Rare manuscripts in Prakrit, Arabic, Persian and other Indian languages cover a wide range of subjects from Vedic literature and philosophy to dance and music. Palm leaf and bark leaf (Bhurja Patra) manuscripts are also preserved in this institute. Apart from an illustrated manuscript of Shrimad Bhagavata in which actual gold and silver have been employed for the paintings, the Institute has a rich collection of old paintings in the Rajput and Mughal style. The museum also exhibits a rich array of images, inscriptions, copper plates and fossils discovered in the Narmada valley. A huge skull of a primitive elephant is of special interest.

Vikram University A famous centre of learning in the past, Ujjain continues to uphold that tradition. The establishment of the Vikram University in 1957 was an important landmark. Situated on the Dewas Road, this university plays a significant role in the literary and cultural activities of the city.

Kalidasa Academy This academy was set up in Ujjain by the Government of Madhya Pradesh to immortalize the memory of the great poet dramatist-Kalidasa, and to create a multi-disciplinary institution to project the genius of the entire classical tradition, with Kalidasa as the apex, enable research and study in Sanskrit classical and traditional performing arts, and facilitate its adaptation for contemporary stage in different cultural settings and language groups. The Academy complex consists of a theatre, museum, library, lecture and seminary halls, mini stage for rehearsals, research facilities for scholars, and a large open air theater.

Ram Janardhan Temple, Ram Ghat, Harihara Teertha, Mallikarjuna Teertha, Ganga Ghat, Bohron Ka Roja, Begum Ka Maqbara, Bina Neev Ki Masjid, Maulana Rumi Ka Maqbara, and Digambara Jain Museum are some of the other prominent places of interest in Ujjain.

SANDALWALA BUILDING if you are visiting ujjain then visit to sandalwala building will put you in delight. this masterpiece was created in 1925 by sandalwala. mr firoz sandalwala is presently the head of sandalwala building.

Buy

If you are coming to Ujjain then you must buy Noorjanha Mehandi and also Jain Namkeen. Apart from that you can also buy general things like bed sheets and other cloth materials as you will find them cheaper then most of the other places and off course better cloth material.

For Namkeens & Sweets, "Baafna Namkeen" is also very good.

Eat

When you are in Ujjain never forget to visit Gopal Mandir and have a bite of famous Gajanan Kulfi. Apart form that one of the most happening places in Ujjain to eat and enjoy is Tower Chowk. Go there try your hands on all the street chats you have ever heard. The very first thing that will attract you will be stalls of Pani Puri. Following which you will see Hot Dogs stalls serving hot , spicy, juicy hot dogs and Aaloo Tikia with Chhole over it garnished by onions tomatos corriander, Green chatani, Imli chatani and if desired Fresh Curd. They call it Chhole Tikiya Chat.

Then you will have Bhelpuri stalls,Dahi Puri and all related chatpate chats varieties including Dahi Vada.

For sweet lovers have falooda icecream there or A Barf Ka laddoo. Rabadi is a must when you visit Ujjain. Kids will love this palce with so much eateries and Jhoolaas and balloon sellers everywhere. and of course Buddhi Ke Baal..

For the best price indian and imported furniture visit LIFESTYLE furniture aka bharmal furniture.

  • Suresh, Gudri (near Mahakal). Poha from suresh uphar greh is a feast, two plates poha and you don't need anything other for whole day,tea,samosa and kachori of "OM cafe"(freeganj) are also nice  edit

Sleep

Shipra Residency Tel: (0734) 2551495-96, 3269000, 2552402 This hotel is run by the MP tourism development corporation. This is little away from the Mahakal temple ( Around 2-3 KM). There is a restaurant in the hotel and serves north-indian food. One can do advance reservation online. E-Mail: shipra@mptourism.com

Yatri Niwas Tel: (0734) 2511398 E-Mail: avantika@mptourism.com

Prem Palace Tel: (0734) 2552070, 2555677 A-16/1, Madhav Club Road, Freeganj, Ujjain, 456010 Private hotel, just near Shipra Palace. Less than 2 Km from railway station. Rooms are quite clean with good room service. This hotel has restaurant and bar. Food served is very good and cheap. Has ICICI ATM in front. Category: Budget.

Ashray Private hotel. Around 2 KM from railway station. Decent enough hotel with clean rooms. Category: Budget.

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Simple English

Ujjain is a town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Ujjain is a very old city, and one of the seven holy cities of the Hindus. It was an important city of Ancient India.


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