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Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
Active from July 1941
Country  Nazi Germany
Role Auxiliary police
Engagements Anti-partisan operations in Belarus, Holocaust in Belarus, Holocaust in Poland, Holocaust in Russia, Holocaust in Ukraine, Massacres of Poles in Volhynia
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Petro Dyachenko
Roman Shukhevych
Petro Voinovsky
Petro Zakhvalynsky

Ukrainian Auxiliary Police (Ukrainische Hilfpolizei), Ukrainian military units that were set up in the General Government at the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in mid-1941. The job of these collaborating Ukrainians was to aid German troops in various operations, such as fighting the Soviet Partisans.

In the General Government in the district Galicia were 6 thousands Ukrainian policemen (in Lviv 500-800).[1]

Persecution of Jews and Poles

During the first week of the German occupation of Poland and Ukrainian SSR, members of the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police took part in pogroms against the Jews. Later, they escorted Jews to their forced labor sites and guarded the ghettos.

In Krivoy Rog by 15 October 1941 Ukrainian auxiliary police unit together with unidentified police unit belonged to HSSPF Russia South murdered about 2500 Jewish civilians and 800 Jewish prisoners of war [2]

In those capacities, the Ukrainians stole from the Jews, harassed them, and often shot Jews at random. When the Germans began liquidating the ghettos of the Ukraine, the notoriously brutal Ukrainian policemen participated in those aktionen. They besieged the ghettos in order to prevent any escapes, searched for Jews who had gone into hiding, and chased down those who had managed to get away. They also accompanied the Jews to their executions, killed thousands of Jews who did not walk to their deaths fast enough, and guarded the execution sites so no one could get in or out.[3][4].

During the night of 13 July 1942 all inhabitants of the Rovno ghetto, there were still about 5,000 Jews, were liquidated by SS detachment and three times as many members of the Ukrainian militia. [5]

13 November 1942 members of Ukrainian Police robbed and executed 32 Poles and 1 Jew in village Obórki located in Volhynia. After the crime, the village was burned down.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Czy uda się osądzić Johna Kalymona?, jewish.org.pl
  2. ^ http://www.verbrechen-der-wehrmacht.de/pdf/vdw_en.pdf p.9 Crimes of the German Wehrmacht: Dimensions of a War of Annihilation 1941-1944: An outline of the exhibition Hamburg Institute for Social Research
  3. ^ Jarosław Hrycak, Too many evidences: Ukrainians in anti-Jewish actions (in Polish)
  4. ^ a b Grzegorz Motyka, Ukraińska partyzantka 1942-1960
  5. ^ http://avalon.law.yale.edu/imt/01-02-46.asp
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