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Ulcinj,Ulqin
Улцињ

Coat of arms
Ulcinj,Ulqin is located in Montenegro
Ulcinj,Ulqin
Location of Ulcinj
Coordinates: 41°55′N 19°12′E / 41.92°N 19.20°E / 41.92; 19.20
Country  Montenegro
Settlements 39
Government
 - Mayor Gzim Hajdinaga / Gëzim Hajdinaga (DUA)
 - Ruling party DUA - DPS - SDP
Area
 - Total 255 km2 (98.5 sq mi)
Population (2003 census)
 - Total 10,828
 Density 80/km2 (207.2/sq mi)
 - Municipality 20,290
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 85360
Area code +382 30
ISO 3166-2 code ME-20
Car plates UL
Website www.ulcinj.cg.yu

Ulcinj (Serbian and Montenegrin: Улцињ, Ulcinj; Albanian: Ulqin or Ulqini) is a coastal town and municipality in Montenegro. The town of Ulcinj has a population of 10,828 (2003 census) of which the majority are Albanians. Ulcinj is the centre of Ulcinj Municipality and the centre of the Albanian community in Montenegro. This southernmost municipality of Montenegro has a population of 20,290.

Contents

History

The wider area of Ulcinj has been inhabited since the Bronze Age, based on dating of Illyrian tombs (tumuli) found in the village of Zogaj, in the vicinity of Ulcinj. The town is believed to have been founded in the 5th century BC by colonists from Colchis, as mentioned in the 3rd century BC poem by Apollonius of Rhodos.

Illyrians lived in the region at the time, and under Greek influence built immense so-called Cyclopean Walls. In 163 BC, the Romans captured Colchinium from the Illyrian tribe of Olciniates and renamed the town Olcinium (aka Ulcinium) after the tribe. Under Roman rule the town received the status of Opidum Civium Romanorum (Town with Special Privileges), only to be later granted Municipium (Independent Town) status. When the Roman Empire was split in two, Olcinium became a part of the Eastern Roman Empire (later known as the Byzantine Empire).

Before the medieval period, Ulcinj was known as one of the pirate capitals of the Adriatic Sea. This is also seen during the later period of Illyrian Kingdom. Inhabitants of Ulcinj were known at the time of Christ, especially from 20 BC to around 300 AD, to be very confrontational to those who were foreigners to their land; they were especially meticulous about border disputes as well.

In 1183, Rascian Grand Duke Stefan Nemanja conquered Olcinium and the town prospered as one of the most significant coastal towns. Ulcinj remained in Nemanjic hands till Emperor Dušan's death in late 1355. In 1356, Lord Balša I, the founder of the Zetan Balšić dynasty, was granted parts of former Dioclean territory, including Ulcinj, by Emperor Dušan's son and successor, Emperor Uros VI, and broke away from the Serbian Empire, only to establish an independent lordship called Zeta. Under Balšić's control, Ulcinj served as a popular resort, as well as a mint.

The Republic of Venice captured Ulcinj from Balša III of the Zetan Balšić dynasty in 1423. Under Venetian control, the city was renamed Dulcigno in the Venetian language, and it was incorporated in the Albania Veneta. A shipwreck of a Saracen ship occurred on the shores of Ulcinj with stranded African slaves; locals saved the surviving Africans and made them an integral part of the population of the town.

The Venetians maintained control until 1571, when the Ottoman Turks conquered Dulcigno and the remainder of Albania Veneta. In 1867, Ulcinj became a kaza of the İşkodra sanjak of Rumeli veyalet. Ulcinj finally gained its independence from the Turks on 11 January 1878 by the decision of the Berlin Congress (see Treaty of Berlin (1878)), only to be fully integrated into Montenegro nearly three years later, on 30 November 1880.

Famous Inhabitants

Population

Trilingual sign in Ulcinj

Ulcinj is administrative centre of Ulcinj municipality, which has 20,290 residents. The town of Ulcinj itself has a population of 10,828.

Ulcinj is the centre of the Albanian community in Montenegro. It is the only municipality in Montenegro where Albanians form the overwhelming majority.

There is a small community of "Black Montenegrins" whom are thought to be descendants of Turks, other theories are a group of Balkan Egyptians or Roma people adapted a different identity over time, and mixed race of Albanians, transplanted North Africans and/or local Slavs.[citation needed]

Population of Ulcinj:

  • March 3, 1981 - 9,140
  • March 3, 1991 - 10,025
  • November 1, 2003 - 10,828

Ethnic groups (2003 census):

Religion (2003 census):

Tourism

The old town of Ulcinj

The Ulcinj "south coast" region of Montenegro is a popular tourist destination. In January 2010, The New York Times ranked the south coast region of Montenegro, featuring Velika Plaza, Ada Bojana, and the Hotel Mediteran, as among "The Top 31 Places to Go in 2010" [1] The citation was part of a worldwide ranking of travel destinations.

The summer time in particular, is a popular time for visitors to Ulcinj. Although still undiscovered by many travelers from larger countries, repeat tourists and an increasing amount of first time visitors make Ulcinj a hot spot for vacationers between the months of May and September. It is most famous for its beaches, which are considered the most beautiful in Montenegro. The most valuable resource of the Ulcinj riviera is Velika Plaza / Plazha e Madhe (literally "Big Beach"), which is a 12 km (7.5 mi) long portion of sandy beach - the longest on the Montenegrin coast. There is also a beach that holds the name Mala Plaža ("Plazha Vogel") which is much smaller in size, but is very popular with visitors. "The Korzo" as it is called by locals, is a strip-like walkway ligning the small beach. At night during the summer months, young tourists walk past one another while bright lights decorate the street and live music invades their ear drums. It is said that some of the most beautiful girls in South Eastern Europe, visiting Ulcinj as tourists, can be found walking about the Korzo on a nightly basis. There are many more less known smaller beaches that serve as a get-away to many people looking to catch their breath.

The Castle of Ulcinj

Ulcinj's old town is a very well preserved castle-looking community that is left over from medieval times. The old town sits atop a mountain overlooking the shore and is a tourist attraction on its own.

Ada Bojana(Albanian Buna) is popular among foreign tourists from Western Europe for its peace and unique atmosphere.

Lake Skadar, also known as Šaško lake, and Ulcinj's salt pond are popular among birdwatchers, because Ulcinj and its surroundings are major resting points for over 200 bird species on their migration paths.

There are numerous pubs, dance clubs, and bars that dot the city that are usually filled to capacity throughout the summer.

The majority of tourists in Ulcinj are Albanians, Germans, Italians, and Eastern Europeans. A large number of Americans who are either of Albanian descent or were born in or near the city of Ulcinj often make the city a prime summer time destination.

The sandy beaches Ultsinya, approximately 17 kilometers long, have become a trademark of Montenegro's southern coast. However, few tourists know that in these places there is a shoreline area called Ladies Beach [2]. In a small pebble bay, hidden by rocks, for more than a century women have come for infertility treatment.

Sports and Recreation

The Ulcinj "south coast" region is well-known for its active sports and recreation possibilities. Kitesurfing at Ada Bojana, all manner of water sports at Velika Plaza, scuba diving among wrecks and sunken cities, mountain biking, hiking, orienteering, cycling through the olive groves at Valdanos, long walks along the pristine beaches of the south coast of Montenegro, even deep sea fishing on the Adriatic, lake fishing at Lake Skadar, and river fishing in Ada Bojana, are among the many possibilities for visitors interested in more active holiday pursuits.

Climate

Ulcinj has a Mediterranean climate, with cool rainy winters and hot dry summers. Unlike Podgorica temperatures very rarely exceed 35°C and seldom drop below 0°C.

Climate data for Ulcinj, Montenegro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17
(63)
20
(68)
22
(72)
25
(77)
30
(86)
33
(91)
37
(99)
40
(104)
32
(90)
28
(82)
23
(73)
18
(64)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 10
(50)
11
(52)
14
(57)
18
(64)
23
(73)
27
(81)
31
(88)
30
(86)
27
(81)
21
(70)
16
(61)
11
(52)
20
(68)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
3
(37)
5
(41)
9
(48)
13
(55)
16
(61)
19
(66)
19
(66)
15
(59)
11
(52)
7
(45)
4
(39)
10
(50)
Record low °C (°F) -7
(19)
-6
(21)
-5
(23)
3
(37)
6
(43)
10
(50)
11
(52)
13
(55)
7
(45)
6
(43)
-1
(30)
-3
(27)
-7
(19)
Precipitation mm (inches) 179
(7.05)
152
(5.98)
130
(5.12)
119
(4.69)
82
(3.23)
58
(2.28)
33
(1.3)
51
(2.01)
105
(4.13)
146
(5.75)
197
(7.76)
181
(7.13)
1,433
(56.42)
Sunshine hours 120 120 150 180 240 270 330 300 240 180 120 120 2,370
Avg. precipitation days 12 11 12 12 10 9 6 6 8 9 12 13 120
Source: weather2travel.com 2009

Transport

Local Ambulance in Ulcinj

Ulcinj is connected with the rest of Montenegro by two-lane highways. It is connected with other coastal towns by the Adriatic Motorway. Reaching inland is made possible by detouring from The Adriatic Motorway at Budva or Sutomore (through Sozina tunnel).

As of today, there are no airports in the city of Ulcinj. However, nearby airports in Tivat and Podgorica are both around 70 km (43 mi) away. There are regular flights to Belgrade and Zurich from Tivat. Podgorica Airport has regular flights to major European destinations throughout the year. Many tourists traveling to Ulcinj from abroad arrive to the city from the airport in Tivat due to its recent renovations and general ease of navigation.

Within the city, public transportation is available to the general public by way of city buses. Along with private automobiles, taxi cabs and vans (KOMBI) are in great abundance throughout the city and its vicinities. To avoid congestion in the often traffic-laden streets of Ulcinj, many young locals opt for travel by motorbike and scooter, which are also available for rent on a daily or weekly basis.

See also

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Ulcinj (Cyillic: Улцињ, Albanian: Ulqin or Ulqini) is the most southern coastal town of Montenegro.

Understand

Ulcinj is the southern most major town along the Montenegrin coast before reaching the border with Albania. Well over a majority of the population of Ulcinj is ethnic Albanian. Together with the town of Tuzi it is one of the two major population centers of Albanians in Montenegro. Due to the town's nice location on the coast it is a major tourist destination of much of the Albanian population of Kosovo.

  • There are frequent buses from Podgorica that should cost under €5, a 2 hour ride.
  • From Bar you can either take a normal bus or catch a 'combi' minibus that runs up and down the coast of Montenegro.
  • From Kosovo during the tourist season there are frequent buses leaving from the major cities. The price should be around €25.
  • From Albania there are 'combi' minibuses that come from Durres in Albania to Ulcinj, although they most likely are not official bus operations, so you'll have to do some asking around.
  • There are also daily departures from Shkodra in Albania to Ulcinj. These are, in theory, well connected with Albanian 'furgons' from Tirana and Durres. It takes one hour to Shkoder by "private" cab, it costs 5 euro.

Get around

Ulcinj is a small city, you will have no problem getting around by foot.

  • Car Rental and Airpot Transfers to Ulcinj

MCR - Rent a Car Offering Rental Cars and Airport Shuttle Transfers to and from Ulcinj . [1] Tel: +382 (0) 67 515 477

See

There is an old castle overlooking the sea. Stari grad (old town) is worth a visit.

Do

Ulcinj is a splendid central location for exploring Montenegro's South Coast region (from Bar to Skader Lake to Ada Bojana and parts of Albania. The "Ulcinj" South Coast region boasts some of the most interesting adventure tour, historic tour, eco tour, and vacation beach stays in all of the Adriatic.

There is good swimming in the area. The longest sandy beach in Montenegro is located near by, including a nudist beach for those so inclined.

  • For the more adventuresome you can take the 'combi' towards the Albanian border (but not crossing it) getting off on the first road heading towards Lake Skadar near the town of Brajse. There is a small bus from Brajse that runs along this small road towards the mountains which if it's running you can take for 0.50 EUR, otherwise you'll have to walk or hitch hike. Once you get to the peak of the mountain range you'll be standing almost exactly on the Albanian and Montenegrin border. You'll be able to look out over one of the most magnificent lakes in Europe as well as get a good view of the Adriatic coast, Albania and Montenegro. Continue hitchhiking up the lake, you'll get to see some of the most rural untouched villages in the Balkans. The southern half of the lake shore is populated by ethnic Albanians while the northern half all the way up to the town of Virpazar is populated by Montenegrins. There is very little travel between the two communities so there are almost no buses that run the course of the highway meaning you'll either have to walk or hitchhike. The people driving the road though few and far between seemed more than willing to take hitchhikers. If you camp (which is a good idea) there are some camp sites about half way between Virpazar and Arbnez.

Eat

Near the beach stalls sell kebab and hamburgers.

  • Restaurant Grand (Fish and Steak Restaurant Ulcinj), Gj. K. Skenderbeu Ulcinj Montenegro (Main Street in Ulcinj), ++382 (0) 69 478 625, [2]. 12:00 - 01:00. The Restuarant Grand offers a wide range of Mediterranean, Albanian and Montenegrin Cousine and is well known for its fresh Lobster. 5 - 20 Euro.  edit

Sleep

Accommodation are plentiful in Ulcinj, ranging from resort hotels to private accommodations. The resort hotels in Ulcinj are each in the process of renovation and reconstruction, as most have been recently privatized from former government agencies. Lodging costs range from full-service rooms at 50 EUR per person (or more) down to the many unlicensed/unregulated private accommodations costing in the range of 10-25 EUR.

  • Accommodation Milla Ulcinj-Montenegro [3]Pristan bb,Ulcinj, tel: +382 67 857 126, gimo@t-com.me. Situated in the most attractive part of Ulcinj, about 50m from the city's sandy beach.
  • Listings of private accommodation - Apartments, Villas and Hotel Rooms [4] Apartments for rent in Ulcinj
  • Hostel Ulcinj-Montenegro [5]Kodre bb,Ulcinj, tel: +382 (0) 69 870 656, hostelulcinj@yahoo.com. Situated 100 m from main Bus Station in Ulcinj.

Get out

There are at least twice-daily departures to Shkodra in Albania, making a stop at the border and at the furgon station of Shkodra, before making it to the city centre. In the furgon station by the Shkodra bridge and castle, furgons for Tirana and Durres will be waiting.

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