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Ultra-romanticism (Portuguese: Ultrarromantismo) was a Portuguese and Brazilian literary movement occurred during the second half of the 19th century. It was typified by a tendency to exaggerate, at times to a ridiculous degree, the norms and ideals of Romanticism, namely the value of subjectivity, individualism, amorous idealism, nature and the medieval world. Inaugurated with the publication of António Augusto Soares de Passos' poem "O Noivado do Sepulcro" ("The Engagement of the Tombstone"), it is heavily influenced by the German Romanticism and Lord Byron's writings (particularly in Brazil and in Álvares de Azevedo's writings).



  • Creative liberty
  • Free versification
  • Doubt, dualism
  • Constant repugnance, morbidness, suffering, pessimism, Satanism, masochism, cynicism, self-destruction
  • Denial of reality in favour of the world of dreams, fancy and imagination (escapism, evasion)
  • Adolescent disillusion
  • Idealization of love and women
  • Subjectivity, egocentricity
  • Longing for childhood and the past
  • A preference for the nocturnal
  • Conscience of solitude

Main adepts


In Portugal

António Augusto Soares de Passos, creator of the Ultra-romanticism

In Brazil

See also

External links


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