Ulverston: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 54°11′35″N 3°05′26″W / 54.1931°N 3.0906°W / 54.1931; -3.0906

Ulverston
Ulverston is located in Cumbria
Ulverston

 Ulverston shown within Cumbria
Population 11,210 (2001 census)
OS grid reference SD288780
District South Lakeland
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ULVERSTON
Postcode district LA12
Dialling code 01229
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Barrow and Furness
List of places: UK • England • Cumbria

Ulverston (Cumbric: Ylferston) is a market town in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria in north-west England. Historically part of Lancashire, the town is located in the Furness area, close to the Lake District, and just north of Morecambe Bay.

Ulverston's most visible landmark is Hoad Monument, a concrete structure built in 1850 to commemorate statesman and local resident Sir John Barrow.[1] The monument provides scenic views of the surrounding areas, including Morecambe Bay and parts of the Lake District.

Ulverston Canal, which is no longer navigable, is claimed to be the deepest, widest and shortest canal in the United Kingdom at 1¼ miles.[2] The canal was once a vital component of the town's economy.[3]

The town is home to many shops and pubs, some of which are located on the stone sett (paving) main street, Market Street. At the head of the street is the war memorial to local soldiers who died in World War I.

Contents

Geography

Ulverston is a comparatively large civil parish that stretches over a long strip of land. It is bounded in the east by the Leven estuary, Crake, Coniston Water, and Yewdale Beck. To the west boundary follows a chain of hills, and beyond that lie the towns of Kirkby-in-Furness and Askam and Ireleth. In the south is relatively low land, but it rises quickly. In the north are hills such as Coniston Old Man. The settlements of the parish are mainly concentrated in the eastern part.[4]

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Earthquake

On 28 April 2009, Ulverston was near the epicentre of an earthquake measuring 3.7 on the Richter scale. Tremors were felt across south Cumbria and parts of north Lancashire at 11.22 BST, although little to no damage was caused by them. A spokesman for the British Geological Survey said that earthquakes of around that magnitude occur roughly once a year in Britain.[5] It was the largest seismic event in the region since a magnitude 4.4 earthquake struck Lancaster in 1835.[6][7]

History

Hoad Hill and the replica of the Eddystone Lighthouse

The name Ulverston, first recorded in the Domesday Book (1086) as Ulvrestun probably means 'Úlfarr's farm' from the Old Norse personal name Úlfarr and tun, 'farm, homestead' or the equivalent Old English Wulfhere + tūn.[8] The names Úlfarr and Wulfhere both translate roughly as 'wolf warrior' or 'wolf army',[9] which explains the presence of a wolf on the town's coat of arms. The loss of the 'W' in Wulfhere can be attributed to the historic Scandinavian influence in the region.[4] Locally, the town has traditionally been known as Oostan.[10] Other variations of the name recorded throughout history include Oluestonam (1127), and Uluereston (1189).[4]

The town's Market Charter was granted in 1280 by Edward I. This was for a market every Thursday; modern Ulverston keeps its old market town appearance, and market days are now held on both Thursdays and Saturdays.[11] The charter also allowed for all public houses to open from 10:30 am until 11:00 pm irrespective of any other statute on the books. During the summer months the market day (on the Saturday) is themed with craft stalls, charity stalls and locally produced wares on "Made in Cumbria" stalls.

Historically, the ancient parish included several other chapelries or townships which later became separate civil parishes: Blawith, Church Coniston, Egton with Newland, Lowick, Mansriggs, Osmotherley, Subberthwaite and Torver. From 1894 to 1974 the town constituted an urban district in the administrative county of Lancashire. It became a successor parish in the Cumbria district of South Lakeland under the Local Government Act 1972.[12]

The Laurel & Hardy Museum

Over the years the town has been the birthplace of several famous people. Sir John Barrow, born at Dragley Beck, Ulverston, was the Admiralty's Second Secretary: a much more important position than First Secretary. A monument to him—a replica of the third Eddystone Lighthouse—stands on Hoad Hill overlooking the town. Famous Ulverstonians include Norman Birkett,[13] who represented Britain at the Nuremberg Trials; Maude Green, the mother of Rock and Roll music legend, Bill Haley;[14] Norman Gifford,[15] an England test cricketer; Francis Arthur Jefferson, a soldier awarded with the Victoria Cross;[16] and comedian Stan Laurel,[17] of Laurel and Hardy fame. The Laurel & Hardy Museum is situated in Ulverston,[18] and in 2009 a statue of the duo was unveiled by comedian Ken Dodd, outside Coronation Hall in the town centre.[19] One of Ulverston's lesser known sons is the late Bryan Martin, senior BBC Radio 4 Newsreader and Presenter of the 70s and 80s, whose dulcit tones on the "Today" programme announced to the country the death of Elvis Presley in 1977 and broke the news of the Iranian Embassy siege in 1980. He appeared in The News Quiz, occasionally introduced The Goon Show, and read the spoof "news bulletin" which always featured in the middle of the comedy The Men From the Ministry.

Education

Ulverston Victoria High School (UVHS) is the town's secondary school with approximately 1200 pupils. The school has a sixth form which draws students from Ulverston as well as the surrounding areas; the numbers of students attending is roughly 200.[20] There are also three infant schools, two junior schools, five primary schools,not forgetting Sir John Barrow, St Marys and croftlands junior school.[21] Also, one disabled school in the vicinity. The nearest access to private education is Chetwynde School in Barrow-in-Furness.

Transport

Ulverston railway station, Platforms 1 and 2

Ulverston railway station, which serves the town, is located on the Furness Line from Barrow-in-Furness to Lancaster, ultimately leading on to Manchester Airport. The railway station is a short walk from the town centre. The town is also served by several vital bus services. These include the X 35, running to Kendal from Barrow in Furness, via Grange over Sands. There is also the X 12 that runs from Coniston, it passes through the scenic village of Spark Bridge. Other services include the X 31 to Tarn Hows and the 6A and 6 to Barrow in Furness, the largest town in the region.

Festival town

Ulverston calls itself a 'Festival Town' in reference to the many and varied festivals which take place in Ulverston over the course of the year.[22] The most renowned of these is the Lantern Procession, which involves hundreds of local residents creating lanterns out of willow and tissue paper and parading them through the town in winding rivers of light. The annual event culminates in a lively display of theatrical performance and fireworks in Ford Park, and was organized by the community themselves for the first time in 2007.

Other popular festivals include:

The Dickensian Festival, held the final weekend of November, sees a range of Christmas stalls and attractions visit Ulverston.[23] People often dress-up for the occasion in Victorian attire, as seen in this photo.
  • Beer Festival
  • Charter Festival
  • International Music Festival
  • Furness Tradition[24]
  • Comedy Festival
  • Word Market—including 'Pub Scripts'
  • Walking Festival
  • Spring Buddhist Festival
  • Print Fest
  • Summer Buddhist Festival
  • Ulverston Carnival Parade
  • Furness Festival of Tradition
  • Summer Music Festival
  • Festival of Fashion
  • The Feast of St George

Details and dates of the festivals can be found on the ulverstonuk.co.uk website.

Notable people

International links

Despite being titled the The Royal Norwegian Honorary Consulate in Barrow-in-Furness, one of the numerous consulates of Norway is actually located on the outskirts of Ulverston.[26] Ulverston also has one twin town which is Albert in France.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ UK Attraction Hoad Monument
  2. ^ "Ulverston". Visit Cumbria. http://www.visitcumbria.com/sl/ulverst.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-19.  
  3. ^ Priestley, Joseph (1831). Historical Account of the Navigable Rivers, Canals, and Railways, Throughout Great Britain. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green.  
  4. ^ a b c Eilert Ekwall (1922). The Place-Names of Lancashire. Manchester University Press.  
  5. ^ "Tremor strikes north-west England". BBC News. 2009-04-28. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/8022583.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  
  6. ^ "Biggest earthquake in 174 years hits South Cumbria". North-West Evening Mail. 2009-04-30. http://www.nwemail.co.uk/news/barrow/biggest_earthquake_for_174_years_1_547801?referrerPath=home. Retrieved 2009-04-30.  
  7. ^ "Earthquake Shakes Buildings In Cumbria". Sky News. 2009-04-28. http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/UK-News/Earthquake-In-Ulverston-Cumbria-According-To-British-Geological-Survey/Article/200904415270843?f=rss. Retrieved 2009-04-30.  
  8. ^ A.D. Mills (2003). Dictionary of British Place Names. Oxford University Press. p. 475.  
  9. ^ Viking Answer Lady. "Viking Answer Lady Webpage - Old Norse Men's Names". http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#u. Retrieved 2007-11-04.  
  10. ^ Rollinson, W. (1997), The Cumbrian Dictionary of Dialect, Tradition and Folklore, Smith Settle Ltd, p115
  11. ^ "Ulverston Street Markets". South Lakeland District Council. http://www.southlakeland.gov.uk/default.aspx?page=350. Retrieved 2008-09-21.  
  12. ^ Frederic A. Youngs. Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Volume 2. Boydell & Brewer.  
  13. ^ "Norman Birkett: The Life of Lord Birkett of Ulverston". Amazon.co.uk. http://www.amazon.co.uk/Norman-Birkett-Life-Ulverston-Crime/dp/0140113452. Retrieved 2008-09-21.  
  14. ^ "Bill Haley and his Comets". Classic Bands. http://www.classicbands.com/haley.html. Retrieved 2006-01-18.  
  15. ^ "Norman Gifford". cricinfo.com. http://content-www.cricinfo.com/england/content/player/13365.html. Retrieved 2008-02-01.  
  16. ^ "Feature Page of Francis Arthur Jefferson VC". Lancashire Fusiliers. http://www.lancs-fusiliers.co.uk/feature/jefferson/Frankjeffersonvc.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-01.  
  17. ^ "Stan Laurel". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0491048/. Retrieved 2008-02-01.  
  18. ^ "Laurel and Hardy Museum". lakedistrictletsgo.co.uk. http://www.lakedistrictletsgo.co.uk/attractions/attractions_pages/laurel_hardy.html. Retrieved 2008-02-01.  
  19. ^ "Statue honours Laurel and Hardy". BBC News. 2009-04-19. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/cumbria/8006614.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-19.  
  20. ^ "Ofsted inspection report (2007)". Ofsted. 2007-11-29. http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/oxedu_reports/display/(id)/90110. Retrieved 2008-09-21.  
  21. ^ "FURNESS LPG – ULVERSTON PRIMARY SCHOOLS LIST". Cumbria County Council. http://www.cumbriacc.gov.uk/elibrary/Content/Internet/537/3135/38884101858.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-01.  
  22. ^ "Ulverston home". ulverston.net. http://www.ulverston.net/ulverston_home.asp. Retrieved 2008-02-01.  
  23. ^ "Ulverston Dickensian Christmas Festival". http://www.dickensianfestival.co.uk/. Retrieved 2008-10-09.  
  24. ^ http://www.furnesstradition.org.uk
  25. ^ http://www.richardstorry.com/
  26. ^ http://www.norway.org.uk/Embassy/consulates/

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Ulverston is a small market town in Cumbria, United Kingdom. With a population of 13,000, Ulverston isn't a huge tourist attraction for the area, although its proximity to the Lake District makes it a quaint stop-over for visitors planning to explore more of Cumbria. Its two main claims to fame are being the birthplace of Stan Laurel and having a lighthouse-esque monument on a hill (usually lit up in Autumn and Winter months).

Get in

Ulverston is accessible by car via the A590 road, which branches off the M6 motorway and continues towards Barrow-in-Furness. The town is served by a train station on a branch line which runs through to the West Coast Main Line; visitors can get direct train connections from Preston and Manchester.

Get around

Bus services operate around Ulverston town center to the surrounding villages and housing estates. Given the town's diminutive size, though, it is unlikely that any visitor will want to explore beyond the centre.

See

Hoad Monument is a mock lighthouse building on Hoad Hill, which overlooks the town. On some Sundays and Bank Holidays in the Summer, it is open to visitors - look for a red flag flying in front of the entrance. Inside the monument, visitors can climb the steps to the top for a spectacular view of the southern Lake District (on clear days). From the town center, Hoad Monument is a 30-minute walk, with some steep inclines on the hill.

Dickensian Festival: every November, the town holds a Dickensian Festival celebrating times of yore, with shopkeepers dressed up in old-fashioned costume and various stalls set up around Market Street. There are usually games and activities for children too.

Market days: Thursdays and Saturdays are Market days, where temporary stalls are set up along the main shopping streets in the center, selling everything from fresh fish to clothes and gadgets. This has decreased to a handful of stalls in recent years, although it's still worth browsing around for that twee market town feel.

Other sights: for most of the year, Ulverston is much the same as any small town - little activity of note. Late in the year, Ulverston holds a flag week where flags are displayed from shops and homes, and in September you'll see the Lantern Parade, where townsfolk (primarily children) spend an evening walking around the town holding candle-lit lanterns made from bamboo and paper. This event is accompanied by music and is an interesting, if limited, sight to see.

Do

The Laurel and Hardy Museum, on Upper Brook Street in the center, is the town's main tourist attraction. Stan Laurel was born in Ulverston; he left when he was six though. Nonetheless, the museum hosts various artifacts from Laurel's house, along with posters and other memorabilia. It's worth spending a half-hour there if you've seen Laurel and Hardy films.

Ulverston has an impressively large old-style cinema with long draped curtains swinging open to reveal the film. It shows most of the big blockbuster movies (although often a week or two after their widespread UK showings).

The Coronation Hall in the center is home to various artistic performances throughout the year. Pop by to see if there are any music concerts, Jazz trios, plays etc. performing during your visit.

Additionally, the Coronation Hall is also home to the Tourist Information Center, which mostly serves to provide information and bookings for travel in the Lake District. you can also enjoy watching ulverston carnival once a year too !. for more information visit the tourist information centre in the town centre.

Buy

Ulverston is a haven for the fashion shopper who is tired of the choice offered by the chain stores found in most large towns. It has numerous independent fashion outlets in and around the town centre and once a year for a week in October holds a fashion festival. Aside from Boots and Woolworths, there are no major chains in the town. The Booths supermarket, on the edge of the town (A590 route towards the M6), has a wide range of food and drinks. Various craft shops are spread around the centre which are useful for picking up gifts and souvenirs.

Eat

Small cafes abound - the Hot Mango Cafe on King Street is particularly good for a lunchtime snack and a cup of tea. There are no fast-food chains. For evening meals, the Jade Fountain caters for Chinese food fans, while the Raj serves Indian food. Several Chinese take-aways are scattered around the center, along with a kebab shop for those midnight peckish moments.

Drink

At one point, Ulverston had the highest pub-to-population ratio of any English town. Visitors will still be surprised by the number of pubs - there are a few on every street around the town center, and most have a welcoming traditional feel with local ales and the occasional log fire in Winter. See the Rose and Crown on King Street; the King's Arms on Queen Street; or the Swan near canal head for comfy, hospitable pubs.

If you fancy a livelier evening, McKenzies nightclub stays open until 1am or 2am on Friday and Saturday evenings. It tends to be frequented by groups of people, though, and can be prone to the odd spate of fighting, so if you're travelling on your own it's better to stick with the pubs in the town centre where you have a chance of meeting and talking to townsfolk.

Stay safe

Like most small and quiet English towns, Ulverston rarely suffers from any serious crime. It's always a good idea to keep track of your belongings - especially in busy pubs at night where mobile phones can go 'missing'. McKenzies is the only nightclub, and can become rowdy on Friday and Saturday nights, so avoid and stick to the quieter pubs if you don't want noisy (and drunk) youngsters around, and avoid the usual drunks at midnight in the centre. Other


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ULVERSTON, a market town in the North Lonsdale parliamentary division of Lancashire, England, in the Furness district, q a m. N.E. from Barrow-in-Furness and 256 m. N.W. by N. from London, on the Furness railway. Pop. of urban district (1901), 10,064. The church of St Mary, founded in 1111, retains the south door of the original building in the Transition style, but the greater portion of the structure is Perpendicular, of the time of Henry VIII. It contains an altar-tomb with recumbent figure of Walter Sandys of Conishead, dated 1588. After the destruction of Furness Abbey, Ulverston succeeded Dalton as the most important town in Furness, but the rapid rise of Barrow surpassed it in modern times. A monument on Hoad Hill commemorates Sir John Barrow, secretary of the admiralty and a native of the town. Conishead Priory, 2 m. south-east, a mansion on the site of a priory founded in the reign of Henry II., is used as a hydropathic establishment. Formerly Ulverston had a considerable trade in linens, checks and ginghams, but it is now dependent on large iron and steel works, chemical works, breweries, tan-yards, and hardware, paper, and wooden hoop manufactories. Through its connexion with Morecambe Bay by a ship canal of I m. in length, owned by the Furness railway, it has a shipping trade in iron and slates.

Ulverston, otherwise Vlureston, Olvestonum, occurs in Domesday Book, where Vlurestun is named as a manor in possession of Turulf, who was probably the original Saxon owner. Early in the 12th century the manor passed to Stephen, count of Boulogne, and was given by him to Furness Abbey. In 1196 the abbot granted the vill of Ulverstone with the inhabitants to Gilbert Fitz-Reinfred, who granted it a charter by which he raised it to the rank of a free borough. The lord s hip became divided, and one-half passed to the Harringtons and finally to Henry Grey, duke of Suffolk, on whose attainder in 1553 it was forfeited to the Crown. The other moiety returned to the abbey about the end of the 4th century, and at the dissolution was surrenc'ered to the Crown. Early in the 17th century the Crown alienated the manor, which is now in the, family of Buccleuch. The yearly court-leet and court-baron are still held in October. In 1280 Roger de Lancaster obtained a charter from Edward I. for a weekly market on Thursday and an annual fair of three days beginning on the eve of the nativity (Sept. 7).


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