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Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant in a formal black and white photo. Grant is seated with arms folded. Grant looks weary and his beard is greying. <a name=.This is the photo used for the $50.00 bill."^ Ultraviolet color changing bracelet um and uim car insurance ulysses grant photo 50 bill.
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In office
March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1877
Vice President Schuyler Colfax (1869–1873) Henry Wilson (1873–1875)
None (1875–1877)
Preceded by Andrew Johnson
Succeeded by Rutherford B. Hayes

Born April 27, 1822(1822-04-27)
Point Pleasant, Ohio
Died July 23, 1885 (aged 63)
Mount McGregor, New York
Birth name Hiram Ulysses Grant
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Julia Dent Grant
Children Jesse Grant, Ulysses S. Grant, Jr., Nellie Grant, Frederick Grant
Alma mater United States Military Academy at West Point
Occupation General-in-Chief
Religion Methodist
Signature
Military service
Nickname(s) "Unconditional Surrender" Grant
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch Union Army
Years of service 1839–1854, 1861–1869
Rank US Army General insignia (1866).svg General of the Army of the United States
Commands 21st Illinois Infantry Regiment
Army of the Tennessee
Military Division of the Mississippi
Armies of the United States
United States Army (postbellum)
Battles/wars Mexican-American War
.Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant)[1] (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) served as the 18th President of the United States from 1869 to 1877. As general-in-chief of the Union Army during the American Civil War, he led the North to victory against the Confederate States in the Civil War.^ Everywhere he was well received, not as the former president of the United States, but as the hero of the Civil War.

^ Civil engineers -- United States.
  • Ulysses S. Grant III Papers An inventory of his papers at Syracuse University 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC library.syr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Born, April 27, 1822.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Following his graduation from the United States Military Academy in 1843, Grant served as a lieutenant in the Mexican–American War from 1846 to 1848.[1][2] After he had resigned from the army in 1854, he struggled to make a living and worked as a real estate agent, laborer and county engineer.^ Civil engineers -- United States.
  • Ulysses S. Grant III Papers An inventory of his papers at Syracuse University 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC library.syr.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Ulysses S. Grant III Papers An inventory of his papers at Syracuse University 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC library.syr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Then we served together in the Mexican War.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following Summer, July 31, 1854, he resigned from the army.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[1][3][4] .In 1861, he joined the Northern effort in the Civil War.^ The American Civil War (1861-65) .
  • war and social upheaval: the American Civil War 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC histclo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ History of the Civil War, 1861-1865, by James Ford Rhodes http://www.bartleby.com/252/ .

^ I think Grant was a victim of this PR war that tried to make the south the more noble participant in the Civil War (War or Northern Agression, War Between the States, The Recent Unpleasantness).
  • The Mahablog » Ulysses S. Grant 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.mahablog.com [Source type: Original source]

[5] .Rapidly earning a reputation as one of the North's most aggressive generals Grant rose quickly through the ranks.^ When Ulysses S. Grant died in 1885, his reputation as a General was forever etched into the pantheon of great American military leaders.

^ This was Grant's searing blunder as a General, and one, which he freely admitted.

^ Twain declared them the best military memoirs since Caesar’s, and at least on this one point, most Grant critics agree.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was appointed lieutenant general by President Abraham Lincoln in 1864.[6] He implemented a strategy of simultaneous attacks aimed at destroying the South's military and its economy.^ Named commanding general of the Federal armies in 1864, he implemented a coordinated strategy of simultaneous attacks aimed at destroying the South's ability to carry on the war.
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^ Lincoln appointed him General-in-Chief in March 1864.

^ To make matters worse for Abraham Lincoln, Lee detached a small army under the command of Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early, hoping it would force Grant to disengage forces to pursue him.
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[7] .In 1865, after mounting a successful war of attrition against the Confederacy, he accepted the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House.^ April 9, 1865 , Lee surrenders to Grant in the McLean House, Appomattox, Virginia.

^ In 1865, after conducting a costly war of attrition in the East, he accepted the surrender of his Confederate opponent Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House .
  • Ulysses S Grant encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1865, after conducting a costly war of attrition in the East, he accepted the surrender of his Confederate opponent Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House.
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[1]
.Enormously popular after the Union's victory, Grant was elected to the presidency in 1868. Reelected in 1872, he became the first president to serve two full terms since Andrew Jackson did so 40 years earlier.^ Yes, I have been its President since its origin in 1868.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The directors serve a term of 3 years.
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^ President Lincoln's first term.
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[8] .As president, Grant led Reconstruction by signing and enforcing civil rights laws and fighting Ku Klux Clan violence.^ Civil Rights Law of the 21st Century.
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^ Ulysses S. Grant was the original civil rights president.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But President Grant still needed to enforce the law in the South.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

[9] .He helped rebuild the Republican Party in the South, an effort which resulted in the election of African Americans to Congress and state governments for the first time.^ American audience for the first time.
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^ For the first time, black Americans were elected to local, state and federal governments.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the election in Texas, in December, 1873, the Democrats were successful for the first time since reconstruction.
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.Despite its accomplishments, Grant's administration was marred by economic turmoil and scandal.^ On other economic fronts Grant administration had several other accomplishments.
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^ The scandal breaks, but it breaks during the Grant administration.

^ The Grant administration's first economic accomplishment was the signing of the Act to Strengthen the Public Credit which the GOP Congress had passed after Grant's inaugural in March 1869.
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Its response to the Panic of 1873 was heavily criticized. .Grant often appointed corrupt or incompetent men to political positions and did little to hold them accountable.^ Worse for his reputation, Grant did not loudly and repeatedly condemn corruption and scandal when it was discovered.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The so-called reformers, who supposedly longed for civil service reform, accused Grant of corruption primarily because Grant did not appoint them to posts!
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The men who were not serving the guns were perfectly covered from fire on taking position a little back from the crest.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.To counter corruption charges, Grant appointed reformers to clean up graft in the government.^ This propensity of government officials to borrow, the loan proceeds of which partly (40 percent) go to graft and corruption makes the Philippines financially dependent.
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^ If only our government officials and employees possessed the virtues of a true boy scout and apply it in their daily activities, graft and corruption will be a thing of the past.
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^ The so-called reformers, who supposedly longed for civil service reform, accused Grant of corruption primarily because Grant did not appoint them to posts!
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

.One reformer, Benjamin Bristow, prosecuted the Whiskey Ring.^ The most famous scandal was the Whiskey Ring of 1875, exposed by Secretary of the Treasury Benjamin H. Bristow, in which over 3 million dollars in taxes was stolen from the federal government with the aid of high government officials.

^ Benjamin Helm Bristow Orville E. Babcock The most famous scandal was the Whiskey Ring of 1875, exposed by Secretary of the Treasury Benjamin H. Bristow, in which over 3 million dollars in taxes were stolen from the federal government with the aid of high government officials.
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^ Richardson's successor, Benjamin H. Bristow, broke up the notorious Whiskey Ring, a conspiracy among Internal Revenue Service officials to defraud the government of liquor taxes.

.Grant left office in 1877 and sought to improve his damaged reputation.^ Grant and his family were left destitute; at the time retired U.S. Presidents were not given pensions , and Grant had forfeited his military pension when he assumed the office of President.
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^ By now (1868) Grant was the assumed Republican candidate, and Johnson, still holding on to the dreams of party building, sought to damage Grant.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant left office in March 1877, with a few thousand dollars saved and a desire to see the world.

[10]
.After leaving office, he embarked upon a two-year world tour and in 1880 made a failed bid for a third term.^ Third Term attempt in 1880 .
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^ Justices serve a two-year term.
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^ After the end of his second term in the White House, Grant spent over two years traveling the world with his wife.
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.In 1884, broke and near death, Grant wrote his enormously successful memoirs.^ Unsuccessful in winning the nomination for a third term in 1880, bankrupted by bad investments, and terminally ill with throat cancer, Grant wrote his Memoirs, which were enormously successful among veterans, the public, and the critics.
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^ Unsuccessful in winning the nomination for a third term in 1880, bankrupted by bad investments, and terminally ill with throat cancer, Grant wrote his Memoirs , which were enormously successful among veterans, the public, and the critics.
  • Ulysses S Grant encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At another time Dr. Newman asked General Grant what was the supreme thought on his mind when death was so near?
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Two days after completing the manuscript, Grant died at the age of 63. Presidential historians have ranked Grant poorly for his tolerance of corrupt cabinet members.^ Grant died in 1972, at age 96, his nationwide empire of W. The official reason for Grant's firing was never given.

^ It was a mixed cabinet at first, but historians who seem to dismiss the Grant cabinet as nothing more than a pack of corrupt toadies (with the exception of Fish) don’t know what they’re talking about.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant died in 1972, at age 96, his nationwide empire of W. Grant left no offspring when he died in 1937 of nephritis.
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.His reputation has improved among some scholars impressed by his support for civil rights and concern for African Americans and Native Americans.^ In recent years, however, his reputation as president has improved somewhat among scholars impressed by his support for civil rights for African Americans .
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^ He supported amnesty for Confederate leaders and protection for the civil rights of African-Americans.
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  • Grant Ulysses S. 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC geneticmatrix.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ In recent years, however, his reputation as president has improved somewhat among scholars impressed by his support for civil rights for African Americans.
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[11][9]

Contents

Early life and family

This is a color photo of Grant's birthplace: a small one story wood panel house.
Ulysses Grant birthplace, Point Pleasant, Ohio
This is a black and white photo of the two story wood house where Grant grew up during boyhood days at Georgetown.
Ulysses S. Grant boyhood home, Georgetown, Ohio
.Grant was born in Point Pleasant, Ohio, to Jesse Root Grant (1794–1873), a tanner, and Hannah Simpson Grant (1798–1883), both Pennsylvania natives.^ Born in 1822, Grant was the son of an Ohio tanner.

^ April 27, 1822 , Hiram Ulysses Grant is born in Point Pleasant, Ohio to Hannah and Jesse Grant.

^ He was the eldest of the six children of Jesse Root Grant (1794–1873) and Hannah Simpson Grant (1798–1883).
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[12] .At birth, Grant was named Hiram Ulysses.^ At birth, Grant was named Hiram Ulysses.
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^ Ulysses S. Grant - Wikipedia , the free encyclopedia Hamer erroneously nominated him as "Ulysses S. Grant of Ohio ," [4] knowing Grant's mother's maiden name was Simpson .

^ Grant wrote his name in the entrance register as "Ulysses Hiram Grant" (concerned that he would otherwise become known by his initials, H.U.G.) but the school administration refused to accept any name other than the nominated form.

[13] .In the fall of 1823, the family moved to the village of Georgetown in Brown County, Ohio.^ In the fall of 1823, they moved to the village of Georgetown in Brown County, Ohio.
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^ In the fall of 1823, the family moved to the village of Georgetown in Brown County, Ohio.
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^ In the fall of 1823, the family moved to the village of Georgetown in Brown County, Ohio .
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[14]
.Grant grew up a Methodist and would eventually attend church in Galena; however, he was not an official member.^ My sister in law was married in Grant’s church in Galena, a sweet little midwestern town.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Heber grew up without his father, Jedediah M. Final decisions on grant awards are made by the Institute.

^ If he did not accept the communion in the churches he regularly attended, is it probable that he, would beg that privilege of another minister in another church?
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Grant prayed in private but opposed religious pretentiousness.[15]
.At the age of 17, Grant entered the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York.^ Grant should be buried in New-York.
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^ Grant, president of the United States.
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^ At the age of 17, and having barely passed the United States Military Academy's height requirement for entrance, Grant received a nomination to the Academy at West Point, New York, through his U.S. Congressman, Thomas L. Hamer.

He secured a nomination through his Congressman, Thomas L. Hamer, who erroneously nominated him as "Ulysses S. Grant of Ohio."[16] Grant adopted the form of his new name with middle initial only.[17] .Because "U.S." also stands for "Uncle Sam," Grant's nickname became "Sam" among his army colleagues.^ Because "U.S." also stands for "Uncle Sam," Grant's nickname became "Sam" among his army colleagues.
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^ Grant's nicknames included: The Hero of Appomattox , "Unconditional Surrender" Grant (" U.S. Grant "), Sam Grant, and, in his youth, Ulys , Lyss and Useless .

^ On March 12, Grant became general-in-chief of all the armies of the United States.
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.He graduated from USMA in 1843, ranking 21st in a class of 39.[18] At the academy, he established a reputation as a fearless and expert horseman.^ At the academy, he established a reputation as a fearless and expert horseman.
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^ He graduated from West Point in 1843, ranking 21st in a class of 39.
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^ He excelled at horsemanship and mathematics at West Point but when he graduated in 1843, he was 21st in a class of 39.
  • Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ulyssessgrant.org [Source type: Original source]

.Ulysses S. Grant set an equestrian high jump record at West Point that lasted approximately 25 years.^ Ulya g by voronin umbelliferae flowers ulysses s grant at west point.

^ Grant's last years were bitter ones.

^ Ulysses S. Grant Boyhood Home, Georgetown, OhioGrant was born Hiram Ulysses Grant in a small two-room cabin in Point Pleasant, Clermont County, Ohio, 25 miles (40 km) east of Cincinnati on the Ohio River.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

[18] .Although this made him seem a natural for cavalry, he was assigned to duty as a regimental quartermaster, managing supplies and equipment.^ Although this made him seem a natural for cavalry, he was assigned to duty as a regimental quartermaster, managing supplies and equipment.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ Although this made him seem a natural for cavalry , he was assigned to duty as a regimental quartermaster, managing supplies and equipment.
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^ Although Grant would never serve in a cavalry unit, his prowess with and knowledge of horses would follow him the rest of his life.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

Mexican–American War

Grant's portrait is in the middle of a picture surrounded by his chronological military history starting with graduating from West Point, next the Mexican-American War, and finally Civil War events and battle scenes.
.
Grant from West Point to Appomattox, an 1885 engraving by Thure de Thulstrup.
^ July 1, 1843 , (his diploma is dated June 23rd) Grant graduates from West Point and is commissioned a brevet second Lieutenant.

^ Ulya g by voronin umbelliferae flowers ulysses s grant at west point.

^ Ulysses S. Grant in 1843, in his West Point uniform Grant at the capture of Mexico City , painting by Emanuel Leutze .
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Clockwise from lower left: Graduation from West Point (1843); In the tower at Chapultepec (1847); Drilling his Volunteers (1861); The Battle of Fort Donelson (1862); The Battle of Shiloh (1862); The Siege of Vicksburg (1863); The Battle of Chattanooga (1863); Appointment as Commander-in-Chief by Abraham Lincoln (1864); The Surrender of General Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House (1865)
.Lieutenant Grant served in the Mexican–American War (1846–1848) under Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott.^ Then we served together in the Mexican War.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant fought in the Mexican War (1846-1848) but had little heart for the campaign.
  • Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ulyssessgrant.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Zachary Taylor once told me an anecdote of Grant, which occurred during the Mexican war.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Despite his assignment as a quartermaster, Grant got close enough to the front lines to see action, participating in the battles of Resaca de la Palma, Palo Alto, Monterrey (where he volunteered to carry a dispatch on horseback through a sniper-lined street), and Veracruz.^ The Battle of Resaca de la Palma.
  • Ulysses Grant Civil War reference books Ulysses Grant Memoirs John Logan and Ulysses S. Grant by Hamlin Garland 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC grantmystery.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lieutenant Grant served in the Mexican–American War (1846–1848) under Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott, where, despite his assignment as a quartermaster, he got close enough to the front lines to see action, taking part in the battles of Resaca de la Palma, Palo Alto, Monterrey (where he volunteered to carry a dispatch on horseback through a sniper-lined street), and Veracruz.
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^ Lieutenant Grant served in the Mexican-American War (18461848) under Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott, where, despite his assignment as a quartermaster, he got close enough to the front lines to see action, taking part in the battles of Resaca de la Palma, Palo Alto, Monterrey, where he volunteered to carry a dispatch on horseback through a sniper-lined street, and Veracruz.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

.During one battle, Grant saw Fred Dent, his friend, later to become his brother-in-law, lying in the middle of the battlefield; he had been shot in the leg.^ Once Grant saw Fred Dent, his friend and later his brother-in-law, lying in the middle of the battlefield; he had been shot in the leg.
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^ Once Grant saw his friend, Fred Dent, later becoming his brother-in-law, lying in the middle of the battlefield; he had been shot in the leg.
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^ Once Grant saw his friend, Fred Dent, lying in the middle of the battlefield; he had been shot in the leg.
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.Grant ran furiously into the open to rescue Dent; as they were making their way to safety, a Mexican soldier was sneaking up behind Grant, but the Mexican was shot by a fellow U.S. soldier.^ Grant ran furiously into the open to rescue Dent; as they were making their way to safety, a Mexican was sneaking up behind Grant, but the Mexican was shot by a fellow U.S soldier.
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^ Grant was initially angry at Thomas that his orders for a demonstration were exceeded, but the assaulting wave sent the Confederates into a head-long retreat, opening the way for the Union to invade Atlanta , and the heart of the Confederacy.
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^ Grant was initially angry at Thomas that his orders for a demonstration were exceeded, but the assaulting wave sent the Confederates into a head-long retreat, opening the way for the Union to invade Atlanta, Georgia , and the heart of the Confederacy.
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.Grant was twice brevetted for bravery: at Molino del Rey and Chapultepec.^ He was twice brevetted for bravery: at Molino del Rey and Chapultepec.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant was twice brevetted for bravery: at Molino del Rey and Chapultepec.
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^ He was twice brevetted for bravery: at Molino del Rey and Chapultepec .

.He was a remarkably close observer of the war, learning to judge the actions of colonels and generals.^ He was a remarkably close observer of the war, learning to judge the actions of colonels and generals.
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^ Alphonso Taft himself served as a judge in Ohio, as attorney general and secretary of war in the administration of Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877), and as U.S. minister to Austria and to Russia.

^ Early in the war McClellan had also been intrusted with the powers of a General-in- Chief, but his career had been checkered, and had early come to a close.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[19] .In the 1880s, he wrote that the war was unjust, accepting the opinion that it was designed to capture land open to slavery.^ In the 1880s he wrote that the war was unjust, accepting the theory that it was designed to gain land open to slavery.
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^ In the 1880s he wrote that the war was unjust, accepting the theory that it was designed to gain slave territory.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His capture of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in February 1862 marked the first major Union victories of the war and opened up prime avenues of invasion to the South.
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.He wrote in his memoirs about the war against Mexico: "I was bitterly opposed to the measure, and to this day, regard the war, which resulted, as one of the most unjust ever waged by a stronger against a weaker nation."^ He wrote in his memoirs about the war against Mexico: "I was bitterly opposed to the measure, and to this day regard the war, which resulted, as one of the most unjust ever waged by a stronger against a weaker nation".
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^ He wrote in his memoirs about the war against Mexico: "I was bitterly opposed to the measure, and to this day, regard the war, which resulted, as one of the most unjust ever waged by a stronger against a weaker nation".
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^ One of the primary reasons why he wrote his amazing Memoirs was because he hoped to provide for his family after he died (which he did).
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

[20]

Between wars

The Mexican-American War concluded on February 2, 1848.
.On August 22, 1848, Grant married Julia Boggs Dent (1826–1902), the daughter of a slave owner.^ On August 22, 1848, Grant married Julia Boggs Dent (18261902), the daughter of a slave owner.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 22, 1848, Grant married Julia Boggs Dent (1826–1902), the daughter of a slave owner.
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^ On August 22 , 1848 , Grant married Julia Boggs Dent (1826–1902), the daughter of a slave owner.
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[21] Together, they had four children: Frederick Dent Grant, Ulysses S. "Buck" Grant, Jr. , Ellen Wrenshall "Nellie" Grant, and Jesse Root Grant.
.Grant remained in the army and was moved to several different posts.^ Between Wars : After the Mexican war ended in 1848, Grant remained in the army and was moved to several different posts.

^ After the Mexican-American war ended in 1848, Grant remained in the army and was moved to several different posts.
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^ Grant served at army posts in Detroit, Michigan and Sackets Harbor, New York.
  • Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ulyssessgrant.org [Source type: Original source]

.He was sent to Fort Vancouver in the Washington Territory in 1853, where he served as quartermaster of the 4th Infantry Regiment.^ He was sent to Fort Vancouver in the Washington Territory in 1853, where he served as regimental quartermaster of the 4th U.S. Infantry regiment .
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^ He was sent to Fort Vancouver in the Washington Territory in 1853, where he served as quartermaster of the 4th U.S. Infantry regiment.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was sent to Fort Vancouver in the Washington Territory in 1853, where he served as quartermaster of the 4th Infantry Regiment .
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.His wife, eight months pregnant with their second child, could not accompany him because his salary could not support a family on the frontier.^ His wife, eight months pregnant with their second child, could not accompany him because his salary could not support a family on the frontier.
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^ His wife could not accompany him because his salary could not support a family (she was eight months pregnant with their second child) on the frontier.
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^ Senator Chaffee agreed with him that it was a matter of regret, but advised him not to allude to it with the family, unless he thought it could be done without distressing them.
  • News of Ulysses Grant's Death 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC starship.python.net [Source type: Original source]

.In 1854, Grant was promoted to captain, one of only 50 still on active duty, and assigned to command Company F, 4th Infantry, at Fort Humboldt, California.^ In 1854, he was promoted to captain and assigned to command Company F, 4th Infantry, at Fort Humboldt , California.

^ In 1854, Grant was promoted to captain (one of only 50 still on active duty) and assigned to command Company F, 4th Infantry, at Fort Humboldt , California.
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^ For Grant’s military career, you can still find no better treatment than the trilogy begun by Lloyd Lewis in Captain Sam Grant and completed by Bruce Catton in his superb Grant Moves South and Grant Takes Command .
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant abruptly resigned from the Army with little notice on July 31, 1854, offering no explanation for his decision.^ He resigned on July 31 , 1854 .

^ Grant resigned from the Army with little advance notice on July 31 , 1854 , offering no explanation for his abrupt decision.
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^ The following Summer, July 31, 1854, he resigned from the army.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Rumors persisted in the Army for years that his commanding officer, Bvt.^ Rumors persisted in the Army for years that his commanding officer, Bvt.
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^ I knew from experience that it was mor e difficult to command two generals desiring to be leaders, than it was to command one army, officered intelligently, and with subordination.
  • Ulysees S. Grant: The Vicksburg Campaign 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.17thmissouri.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I knew from experience that it was more difficult to command two generals desiring to be leaders, than it was to command one army, officered intelligently, and with subordination.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]

Lt. Col. Robert C. Buchanan, had found him intoxicated on duty as a pay officer and offered him the choice between resignation or court-martial.[22] .However, the War Department stated, "Nothing stands against his good name."^ The War Department stated, "Nothing stands against his good name."
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^ The War Department stated, "Nothing stands against his good name.
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^ Orders went out from the War Department to consolidate fragments of companies that were being recruited in the Western States so as to make full companies, and to consolidate companies into regiments.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

This is a color photo showing the two story brick house where Grant lived in Galena.
The home of President Grant while he lived in Galena, Illinois.
.At age 32, Grant struggled through seven lean years.^ A civilian at age 32, Grant struggled through seven lean years.
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^ The median age was 32 years.
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^ At age 32, Grant struggled through seven lean years.
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From 1854 to 1858, he labored on a family farm near St. Louis, Missouri, using slaves owned by his father-in-law, but it did not prosper. .Grant acquired one of those slaves in 1858 (and manumitted him the following year, when the Grants returned to Illinois), and his wife owned four slaves.^ Ulysses s grant own slaves.
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^ Returning to his wife's family farm near St. Louis, Missouri, Grant began working the fields during the day and finishing the house at night.

^ For many people living in Mexico during those years must have been grim and fearful, especially when one thought about the future.
  • Don Domingo Bureau, The Arquitect of Modern Veracruz 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.johntoddjr.com [Source type: General]

[23] From 1858–1859, he was a bill collector in St. Louis. .Failing at everything, he asked his father for a job, and in 1860 was made an assistant in the leather shop owned by his father in Galena, Illinois.^ Failing at everything, in humiliation he asked his father for a job, and in 1860 was made an assistant in the leather shop owned by his father and run by his younger brother in Galena, Illinois .
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^ Failing at everything, in humiliation he asked his father for a job, and in 1860 was made an assistant in the leather shop owned by his father and run by his younger brother in Galena, Illinois.
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^ Failing at everything, in humiliation he asked his father for a job, and in 1860 was made an assistant in the leather shop owned by his father and run by his younger brother in Galena .
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.Grant & Perkins sold harnesses, saddles, and other leather goods and purchased hides from farmers in the prosperous Galena area.^ Grant & Perkins sold harnesses, saddles, and other leather goods and purchased hides from farmers in the prosperous Galena area.
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^ Section 5 – Designated Area covered by the exemption for vending of goods, items ad other commodities as stated in this ordinance.
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[24]
This is a color photo showing the stone foundation wood house Grant made for his family while living in Saint Louis. Grant named the house Hardscrabble.
Hardscrabble house at the Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site in St. Louis, Missouri
Although Grant was not affiliated with any political party, his father-in-law was a prominent Democrat in St. Louis, a fact that lost Grant the job of county engineer in 1859. In 1856, he voted for Democrat James Buchanan for president to prevent secession and because "I knew Frémont" (the Republican candidate). .In 1860, he favored Democrat Stephen A. Douglas but did not vote.^ In 1860, he favored Democrat Stephen A. Douglas but did not vote.
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^ Southern Democrats (which later voted with Republicans) did oppose Civil Rights Measures.
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^ Many Democrats (not all) opposed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (80% of Republicans voted in favor as opposed to 60% of Democrats) .
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.In 1864, he allowed his political patron, Congressman Elihu B. Washburne, to use his private letters as campaign literature for Abraham Lincoln[25] and the Union Party, which combined both Republicans and War Democrats.^ In 1864, he allowed his political sponsor, Congressman Elihu B. Washburne , to use his private letters as campaign literature for the Union Party, which combined both Republicans and War Democrats .
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^ Political party Republican .
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^ In 1864, he allowed his political sponsor, Congressman Elihu B. Washburne, to use his private letters as campaign literature for the Union Party, which combined both Republicans and War Democrats.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant announced his affiliation as a Republican in 1868, after years of apoliticism.^ In 1868, Grant was elected president as a Republican .
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^ In the Election of 1868 the Republican Party decided to run Grant for President.

^ He was a member of the Republican national convention in 1868, and, as chairman of the Illinois delegation, placed General Grant in nomination at Philadelphia in 1872 and General Logan in 1884.

[26]

Civil War

Western Theater: 1861–1863

.On April 13, 1861, Union Fort Sumter was surrendered to the Confederate forces.^ The garrison surrenders April 13.
  • war and social upheaval: the American Civil War 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC histclo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Confederate forces finally fired in Fort Sumter on April 12.
  • war and social upheaval: the American Civil War 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC histclo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Fort Sumter fell on the 14th of April, 1861.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Two days later, on April 15, President Abraham Lincoln put out a call for 75,000 militia volunteers.^ Shortly after Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter , President Abraham Lincoln put out a call for 75,000 volunteers.
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^ Shortly after Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter, President Abraham Lincoln put out a call for 75,000 militia volunteers.
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^ (I got my revenge on pugil stick day when I called him out and beat him to a pulp with my stick).
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[27][28] .Grant helped recruit a company of volunteers and accompanied it to Springfield, the capital of Illinois.^ Grant helped recruit a company of volunteers and accompanied it to Springfield , the capital of Illinois .
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^ Grant helped recruit a company of volunteers and accompanied it to Springfield, the capital of Illinois.
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^ Grant helped recruit a company of volunteers, and despite declining the unit's captaincy, he accompanied it to Springfield , the capital of Illinois .
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Grant accepted a position offered by Illinois Gov. Richard Yates to recruit and train volunteers, which he accomplished with efficiency. Grant pressed for a field command; Yates, with the support of Congressman Elihu B. Washburne, appointed him a colonel in the Illinois militia and gave him command of the undisciplined and rebellious 21st Illinois Infantry on June 17.[29]
.On July 31, 1861, Grant was appointed brigadier general of the militia volunteers by Lincoln, with the continued support of Congressman Elihu Washburne.^ Congressman Elihu Washburne In August, Grant was appointed brigadier general of the militia volunteers by Lincoln, who had been lobbied by Congressman Elihu Washburne.
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^ In August, Grant was appointed brigadier general of volunteers by Lincoln, who had been lobbied by Congressman Elihu Washburne.
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^ On August 7 , he was appointed brigadier general of volunteers, a decision by President Lincoln that was strongly influenced by Elihu Washburne's political clout.
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.On September 1, Grant was selected by Western Theater Commander Maj.^ After first serving in a couple of lesser commands, at the end of the month, Grant was selected by Western Theater commander Major General John C. Frémont to command the critical District of Southeast Missouri.
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^ Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater.
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^ At the end of August, Grant was selected by Western Theater commander Major General John C. Frmont to command the critical District of Southeast Missouri.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

Gen. .John C. Frémont to command the key District of Southeast Missouri.^ After first serving in a couple of lesser commands, at the end of the month, Grant was selected by Western Theater commander Major General John C. Frémont to command the critical District of Southeast Missouri.
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^ At the end of August, Grant was selected by Western Theater commander Major General John C. Frmont to command the critical District of Southeast Missouri.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the end of August, Grant was selected by Western Theater commander Major General John C. Frémont to command the critical District of Southeast Missouri.
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.Grant's headquarters were moved to Cairo, Illinois.^ On 21 June, Grant moved his headquarters to Memphis.
  • Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ulyssessgrant.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ulysses Grant's papers move to Illinois school Jan 28, 2009; Mississippi might seem like an unlikely place to honor Ulysses S. Grant.
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^ [Septem­ber 4th, Grant had re­moved head­quar­ters from Cape Gi­rardeau to Cairo, Ill.
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[29]

Battles of Belmont, Henry and Donelson

.
This is an early black and white photo during the Civil War showing Grant with a long beard.</span><span class=^ Gott, Kendall D., Where the South Lost the War: An Analysis of the Fort Henry-Fort Donelson Campaign, February 1862 , Stackpole Books, 2003, ISBN 0-8117-0049-6 .
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^ His first engagement as a General was the Battle of Belmont, Missouri and three months later aided by Commodore Andrew H. Foote, he captured Fort Donelson and Fort Henry .
  • Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ulyssessgrant.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant first reached national prominence by taking Forts Henry and Donelson in 1862 in the first Union victories of the war.
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.Grant looks eager for a battle holding a sword wearing a military uniform with hat."^ Grant's strategy was not to win individual battles, it was to wear down and destroy Lee's army.
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^ Grant's strategy was not just to win individual battles, it was to fight constant battles in order to wear down and destroy Lee's army.
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^ Johnson, reluctantly, appointed five generals named by Grant to lead these districts (see the report on Johnson for the battle between the president and Congress over Military Reconstruction).
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src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/07/9/8/4/9384192321739601.jpg" width="220" height="308" class="thumbimage" />
Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant photographed at Cairo, Illinois on September 4, 1861.
.On November 6, 1861, Grant's first major strategic act of the war was to take the lead in seizing the Ohio River town of Paducah, Kentucky, immediately after the Confederates violated the state's neutrality by occupying Columbus.^ Grant's first important strategic act of the war was to take the initiative to seize the Ohio River town of Paducah, Kentucky, immediately after the Confederates violated the state's neutrality by occupying Columbus, Kentucky.
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^ Grant's first important strategic act of the war was to take the initiative to seize the Ohio River town of Paducah , immediately after the Confederates violated the state's neutrality by occupying Columbus .
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^ Grant's first important strategic act of the war was to take the initiative to seize the Ohio River town of Paducah, Kentucky , immediately after the Confederates violated the state's neutrality by occupying Columbus, Kentucky .
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.He fought his first battle, a temporary victory that ended in defeat, against Confederate Brig.^ It was the first important victory for the Union and Brig.
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^ He fought his first battle, an indecisive action against Confederate Brig.
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^ In this battle of Shiloh, the bloodiest till then ever fought on the continent, the Confederate losses were about 11,000; the Union about 12,200.
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Gen. .Gideon J. Pillow, at Belmont, Missouri, on November 7, 1861. Grant's army initially captured Fort Belmont, but then was repulsed back to Cairo after Pillow had received reinforcements from Gen.^ Fort Pillow was abandoned on the capture of Corinth.
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^ Early in November Grant received orders to demonstrate against Columbus, 20 miles below Cairo on the Mississippi, so as to prevent Polk from reinforcing Price in Missouri.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He fought his first battle, an indecisive action against Confederate General Gideon J. Pillow at Belmont, Missouri , in November 1861.
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Leonidas Polk. .Grant was the last off the battlefield and escaped with his life.^ Grant had passed the last years of his life here, had formed many ties of friendship, and had been looked upon as a citizen of New-York.
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.It was later learned that a Confederate soldier from Polk's army declined an opportunity to shoot Grant who was just 50 yards away.^ Five years later, in 1848, after the usual uncertainties of a soldier's courtship, Grant returned and claimed Miss Dent as his bride.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln then turned the Army of the Potomac and the eastern camapign over to Grant who relentlessly took the War to Lee.
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^ Personal intervention from President Lincoln caused Halleck to restore Grant, who rejoined his army on March 17.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

[30]
.Three months later, Grant's forces in collaboration with Andrew H. Foote's Navy gunboats, captured two key Confederate fortresses, Fort Henry, February 6, 1862, on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson, February 15, 1862, on the Cumberland River.^ Three months later, aided by Andrew H. Foote 's Navy gunboats, he captured two major Confederate fortresses, Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River .
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^ Three months later, aided by Flag Officer Andrew H. Foote 's gunboats, he captured Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River .
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^ Three months later, aided by Andrew H. Foote's Navy gunboats, he captured two major Confederate fortresses, Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River.
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.Fort Henry was taken after 2 hours of continued bombardment by Admiral Foote's Union gunboats.^ His capture of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in February 1862 marked the first major Union victories of the war and opened up prime avenues of invasion to the South.
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^ His first engagement as a General was the Battle of Belmont, Missouri and three months later aided by Commodore Andrew H. Foote, he captured Fort Donelson and Fort Henry .
  • Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ulyssessgrant.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Three months later, aided by Andrew H. Foote 's Navy gunboats, he captured two major Confederate fortresses, Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River .
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.For the first time in the War, there was serious concern in the Confederacy about Union military penetration in the South.^ There's only concern about the kids.
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^ The War Times Journal The Great War Series http://www.wtj.com/wars/greatwar/ .

^ Facts about the kyomizu temple facts about first punic war facts about archaebacteria facts about the aztec indians.
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By February 8, Foote's gunboats went as far south threatening Florence, Alabama.[31]
.On February 14, Admiral Foote unsuccessfully attacked Fort Donelson with Union gunboats and was injured in the battle.^ The sun went down on the night of the 14th of February, 1862, leaving the army confronting Fort Donelson anything but comforted over the prospects.
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^ Three months later, aided by Andrew H. Foote 's Navy gunboats, he captured two major Confederate fortresses, Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River .
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^ Grant first reached national prominence by taking Forts Henry and Donelson in 1862 in the first Union victories of the war.
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.Fort Donelson was commanded by Brig Gen.^ Fort Donelson was named for Brig.
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^ On the 2d of March I received orders dated March 1st to move my command back to Fort Henry, leaving only a small garrison at Donelson.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Jones delayed, Manuel L. Fort Donelson was named for Brig.

John B. Floyd, Brig. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow, and Brig. Gen. Simon B. Buckner.[32] .The next day, General Pillow took the offensive and attacked at one of Grant's divisions headed by Brig.^ KEEP CHURCH AND STATE FOREVER SEPARATE." Some persons said that General Grant was here attacking the Catholic schools.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But the landing of the Thirteenth Corps and one division of the Seventeenth was effected during the day, April 30th, and early evening.
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^ This was Grant's searing blunder as a General, and one, which he freely admitted.

Gen. .John A. McClernand and forced a disorganized retreat eastward on the Nashville road.^ He said the enemy had come out of his lines in full force and attacked and scattered McClernand's division, which was in full retreat.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sherman's force made an additional army, with cavalry, artillery, and trains, all to be supplied by the single track road from Nashville.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant having heard the battle noise four miles away in conference with Foote rode back to take charge.^ Despite being only a few miles away, Grant heard nothing of the battle.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "At Dinwiddie Court House," said he, "came Grant's order about ending the battle before going back.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the 6th Grant ordered forward his troops, which had been landing and taking positions, and Foote simultaneously opened fire.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Later that day, Grant and his three generals, Lew Wallace, John A. McClernand, and Charles S. Smith engaged in a counterattack that broke the Confederate line, closed the Nashville road, and forced the enemy to fall back into the fort.^ Union forces raid the Confederate camp, but fall back when they counterattack.

^ Wallace, and Grant's loss of confidence in Lew Wallace.
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^ A firefight occurred and forced the Confederates to fall back to their entrenchments on to the White Oak Road.
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.Pillow and Floyd fled, leaving Buckner in charge of surrender terms.^ Both General Floyd and Pillow, the two senior Confederate commanders fled.
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^ Simon B. Buckner , an old friend of Grant's and senior commander with Floyd and Pillow fleeing, yielded to Grant's hard conditions of "no terms except unconditional and immediate surrender."
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^ Simon B. Buckner , an old friend of Grant's and a West Point classmate, and senior commander with Floyd and Pillow fleeing, yielded to Grant's hard conditions of "no terms except unconditional and immediate surrender."
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.Grant's terms were clear, "no terms except unconditional and immediate surrender."^ When the Confederate commander asked for terms, Grant replied, "No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted."

^ Simon B. Buckner, an old friend of Grant's, yielded to Grant's hard conditions of "no terms except unconditional and immediate surrender."
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He becomes nationally famous with his dispatch, "No terms except immediate and unconditional surrender.

.Forced to comply, Buckner relinquished 12,392 Confederate prisoners of war, including himself.^ The captures of the two forts with over 12,000 prisoners were the first major Union victories of the war, gaining him national recognition.
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^ The total Union loss was 3,329; the Confederate from 1,500 to 2,000 in killed and wounded and probably about 12,000 prisoners.
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^ Andrew H. Foote General Simon B. Buckner The captures of the two forts with over 12,000 prisoners were the first major Union victories of the war, gaining him national recognition.
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.Grant's fame increased, and he was known thereafter as "Unconditional Surrender". Desperate for fighting generals, Lincoln promoted Grant to major general of volunteers.^ This victory also won him promotion to major general of volunteers.
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^ The Confederates surrendered, and President Lincoln promoted Grant to major general of volunteers.

^ I was promptly promoted to the grade of Major-General of Volunteers, and confirmed by the Senate.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[33][34][35]
.Although Grant's new-found fame did not seem to affect his attitude, it did have an impact on his personal life.^ Although Grant's new-found fame did not seem to affect his temperament, it did have an impact on his personal life.
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^ Grant identified himself with New-York in the closing years of his life.
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^ Grant had passed the last years of his life here, had formed many ties of friendship, and had been looked upon as a citizen of New-York.
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.At one point during the Civil War, a picture of Grant with a cigar in his mouth was published.^ Grant's most famous horse during the American Civil War.
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^ Ulysses s grant civil war involvement.

^ Republican Spain during the Civil War.
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.He was then inundated with cigars from well wishers.^ He was then inundated with cigars from well wishers.
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^ The last trap recovery was made a while before by Lt. He was then inundated with cigars from well wishers.

^ His heirs sold the Charles H. - http://grantapplicationjpt.hostse.com/index.html "> general grant macewan took http://speakersgrantsaon.freewhost.com/index.html "> subjects government grant money for small business years He was then inundated with cigars from well wishers.

.Before that he had smoked only sporadically, but he could not give them all away, so he took up smoking them, a habit that may have contributed to the development of throat cancer later in his life; one story after the war claimed that he smoked over 10,000 in five years.^ Before that he had smoked only sporadically, but he could not give them all away, so he took up smoking them, a habit which may have contributed to the development of throat cancer later in his life; one story after the war claimed that he smoked over 10,000 in five years.
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^ It was publish for only five years.
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^ Grant drank whiskey and, during the Civil War, began smoking huge numbers of cigars (one story had it that he smoked over 10,000 in five years) which may well have contributed to the development of throat cancer later in his life.

.Despite his significant victories (or perhaps because of them), Grant fell out of favor with his superior, Major General Henry W. Halleck.^ Despite his significant victories, or perhaps because of them, Grant fell out of favor with his superior, Major General Henry W. Halleck.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ General Henry Halleck Despite his significant victories (or perhaps because of them), Grant fell out of favor with his superior, Major General Henry W. Halleck.
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^ Despite his significant victories, or perhaps because of them, Grant fell out of favor with his superior, Major General Henry W. Halleck .
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.Halleck had a distaste for drunks and, believing Grant was an alcoholic, was biased against him from the beginning.^ Halleck had a particular distaste for drunks and, believing Grant was an alcoholic, was biased against him from the beginning.
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^ Halleck had a particular distaste for drunks and, believing Grant was an alcoholic, was biased towards him from the beginning.
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^ Former Chicago Mayor Richard J. Grant ran Horace Greeley for the presidency against him.

.After Grant visited Nashville, Tennessee, and met with Halleck's rival, Don Carlos Buell, Halleck used the visit as an excuse to relieve Grant on March 4 of field command of a newly launched expedition up the Tennessee River.^ After Grant visited Nashville, Tennessee, where he met with Halleck's rival, Don Carlos Buell, Halleck used the visit as an excuse to relieve Grant of field command on March 2.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Grant visited Nashville, Tennessee , where he met with Halleck's rival, Don Carlos Buell , Halleck used the visit as an excuse to relieve Grant of field command on March 2 .
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^ After Grant visited Nashville , where he met with Halleck's rival, Don Carlos Buell , Halleck used the visit as an excuse to relieve Grant of field command on March 2 .
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.However, Halleck soon restored Grant to field command of the expedition (personal intervention by President Lincoln may have been a factor), and on March 17 he joined his army at Savannah, Tennessee.^ Personal intervention from President Lincoln caused Halleck to restore Grant, who rejoined his army on March 17.
  • Ulysses S. Grant biography 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.biographyplus.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Commander of the Army of the Tennessee 1862 – 1863 .
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^ Personal intervention from President Lincoln caused Halleck to restore Grant, who rejoined his army on March 17 .
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[36] .At this juncture, Grant's command was known as the Army of West Tennessee; soon, however, it would receive its more famous name as the Army of the Tennessee.^ Commander of the Army of the Tennessee 1862 – 1863 .
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^ At this juncture, Grant's command was known as the Army of West Tennessee ; soon, however, it would acquire its more famous name as the Army of the Tennessee .
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^ Grant commanded the Army of the Tennessee for the battles of Corinth and Iuka that fall.
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Shiloh

.After Fort Donelson, Grant's headquarters had been moved from Cairo, Illinois to Savannah, Tennessee and five divisions of his army were bivouacked nine miles south at Pittsburg Landing on the western side of the Tennessee River.^ Fort Donelson is two miles north, or down the river, from Dover.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He went into camp at Hamburg landing five miles above Pittsburg.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the 19th of March he was at Columbia, Tennessee, eighty-five miles from Pittsburg.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.No trenches or defensive preparations had been made since Grant did not believe the Confederate Army, located at Corinth, Mississippi, was about to attack.^ General Grant was a firm believer in separation of church and state, and had no patience with clerical interference with the government.
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^ Grant, and voted thanks to him and his army, as did many of the Legislatures of the Northern States.
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^ Knowing that the Confederates could no longer send reinforcements to the Vicksburg garrison, Grant turned west and won at Champion Hill .

The senior officer at Pittsburg Landing was the sharp-eyed, red-bearded, William T. Sherman. .Grant's other officer Lew Wallace had one division five miles upriver at Crumps Landing.^ Wallace, and Grant's loss of confidence in Lew Wallace.
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^ McClernand was ordered to move one division of his command to Clinton, one division a few miles beyond Mississippi Springs,- following Sherman's line,-and a third to Raymond.
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^ On the way up the river I directed the dispatch-boat to run in close to Crump's landing, so that I could communicate with General Lew.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant was wholly unprepared and unaware when the Confederate army savagely attacked at Pittsburgh Landing with 44,699 troops early in the morning on April 6, 1862. The Army of the Mississippi was led by Albert S. Johnson and Pierre G.T. Beauregard and the irascible Braxton Bragg.^ Beauregard, his second in command, was opposed to the attack for two reasons: first, he thought, if let alone the National troops would attack the Confederates in their intrenchments; second, we were in ground of our own choosing and would necessarily be intrenched.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Early morning on the 16th, Federal forces engage the Confederates.
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^ April 18-May 3 Unable to silence the guns at Grand Gulf, Grant marched south and ferried the Mississippi at Bruinsburg.
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[37][38]
.The disastrous battle took place in fields and woods between the Shiloh meetinghouse and the Tennessee River.^ The Confederates were now driven out of West Tennessee, and on the 6th of June, after a well-contested naval battle, the National forces took possession of Memphis and held the Mississippi river from its source to that point.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Surprised and nearly defeated at Shiloh (April 1862), he fought back and took control of most of western Kentucky and Tennessee .
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^ Just below the town the Tennessee makes a turn to the south and runs to the base of Lookout Mountain, leaving no level ground between the mountain and river.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.The violence of the Confederate attack sent the Union forces reeling back towards to the Tennessee River while Sherman, on the right front, struggled to keep his troops together.^ The sheer violence of the Confederate attack sent the Union forces reeling.
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^ The Federals forced the Confederate to fall back.
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^ If the Confederates criticised their opponents for a lack of field intrenchments to protect their positions and for not encamping their troops on the right bank of the Tennessee until ready to advance, the Union forces were equally able to retort that the conduct of the Confederate attack might have been made more effective.
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.Grant, who was 10 miles North in Savannah and wounded after being pinned by a fallen horse, did not respond until the battle noise grew louder and more consistent.^ The pursuit was kept up for some thirty miles, but did not result in the capture of any material of war or prisoners, unless a few stragglers who had fallen behind and were willing captives.
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^ The battle began while he was absent at his headquarters at Savannah, several miles down the river.
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^ Downtown 10 miles Reservations Meeting Space St. Louis Group Rates Map ~6.64 miles from Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site .
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.Finally, realizing the Confederates were attacking Grant hastened to Pittsburg Landing and was able to stabilize the Union line.^ And if the junction of the Union armies at the rendezvous near Pittsburg Landing was less swiftly effected than it might have been at a later period in the war, not less clear is it that Johnston's attack was also delivered a day too late to accomplish his purpose.
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^ On the Union side but few of the stragglers fell back further than the landing on the river, and many of these were in line for duty on the second day.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The right of my line rested near the bank of Snake Creek, a short distance above the bridge which had been built by the troops for the purpose of connecting Crump's landing and Pittsburg landing.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

The Union left, under Brig. Gen. Benjamin Prentiss and Brig. Gen. .W. H. L. Wallace withstood Confederate assaults, in an area known as the "Hornet's Nest" for seven crucial hours before being forced to yield ground towards the Tennessee River.^ The Confederates were now driven out of West Tennessee, and on the 6th of June, after a well-contested naval battle, the National forces took possession of Memphis and held the Mississippi river from its source to that point.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Just below the town the Tennessee makes a turn to the south and runs to the base of Lookout Mountain, leaving no level ground between the mountain and river.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The troops on both sides were raw, but a sharp combat ensued, in which the Union forces drove the enemy through his camp toward the river.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

Union reinforcements arrived later in the evening from Brig. Gen. .Don Carlos Buell.^ Halleck objected to Grant's visit to Nashville, Tennessee , where he met with Halleck's rival, Don Carlos Buell , and used that as an excuse to relieve Grant of field command on March 2 .

^ Grant Waited for the arrival of Major General Don Carlos Buell when A.S. Johnston makes a surprise morning attack on Grant’s inadequately out posted bivouacs.
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^ After Grant visited Nashville , where he met with Halleck's rival, Don Carlos Buell , Halleck used the visit as an excuse to relieve Grant of field command on March 2 .
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.Lew Wallace's division, having been lost trying to find the battle, finally arrived at Pittsburgh Landing.^ Most of the famous Takeda generals present were killed in the battle and the offensive power of the Takeda was severely crippled (having lost around 10,000 men).
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^ Wallace was mortally wounded in the first day's engagement, and with the change of commanders thus necessarily effected in the heat of battle the efficiency of his division was much weakened.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this battle McPherson lost 66 killed, 339 wounded, and 37 missing, nearly or quite all from Logan's division.
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.During the bloody battle Albert S. Johnson was killed and Beauregard assumed control of the Confederate army.^ He cast his fortunes with the South during the war and became a chaplain in the Confederate Army, while his brothers were fighting in the Union Army.
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^ During this meeting, Lincoln talked about what he expected to happen next, after Confederate armies finally surrendered and their men paroled.
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^ His great achievement in 1862-63 was to seize control of the Mississippi River by defeating a series of Confederate armies and by capturing Vicksburg in July 1863.
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[39][40][41]
.The following morning, April 7, along with Buell's reinforcements and the lost Lew Wallace's division the Union Army led by Grant rallied and mounted a determined counter attack.^ The position of the Union troops on the morning of the 7th was as follows: General Lew.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the morning of the 3d Grant moved the army to the attack.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wallace, and Grant's loss of confidence in Lew Wallace.
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.The Confederate Army, not expecting such an energetic combined Union offensive, was greatly disorganized.^ He cast his fortunes with the South during the war and became a chaplain in the Confederate Army, while his brothers were fighting in the Union Army.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During this meeting, Lincoln talked about what he expected to happen next, after Confederate armies finally surrendered and their men paroled.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Protection was still continued over such supplies as were within lines held by us and which we expected to continue to hold; but such supplies within the reach of Confederate armies I regarded as much contraband as arms or ordnance stores.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Beauregard realized his armies' peril and ordered a retreat back to their fortified stronghold at Corinth later in the evening.^ To Corinth, then, A. S. Johnston took his Bowling Green army, which was speedily swelled by Bragg's forces from the South, and others collected by Polk and Beauregard.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He did so, and I at once relieved him from the command of the Thirteenth Army Corps, and ordered him back to Springfield, Illinois.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ulysees S. Grant: The Vicksburg Campaign 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.17thmissouri.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He also started another division a day later, but our attack having commenced before it reached Knoxville Bragg ordered it back.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Union Army reclaimed their grisly battlefield at Shiloh and were satisfied to regain Grant's camp.^ The Union army lost much camp equipage and stores.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Johnston determined to strike Grant before Buell should come up, and accordingly, on the morning of April 6, 1862, with an army 40,000 strong, fell upon the Union camps.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant’s successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Union troops made an exhausted bivouac among the dead.^ The criticism has often been made that the Union troops should have been intrenched at Shiloh.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Assault on assault was made by Lee with great fury, till the ground was strewn with Confederate and Union dead.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.The victory at Shiloh came at a heavy price; 13,047 for the Union army and 10,699 for Confederate army.^ He cast his fortunes with the South during the war and became a chaplain in the Confederate Army, while his brothers were fighting in the Union Army.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The admissions of the highest Confederate officers engaged at Shiloh make the claim of a victory for them absurd.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was then a Union victory, in which the Armies of the Tennessee and the Ohio both participated.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[42] .Shiloh's staggering toll of men killed, wounded, or missing brought a shocking realization the war would not soon end.^ By the end of the day's killing, Ishida Mistunari’s forces had scattered and as many as 60,000 heads would be taken.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beauregard reported a total loss of 10,699, of whom 1,728 were killed, 8,012 wounded and 957 missing.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant had lost 2,265 killed, 10,220 wounded, 2,902 missing--total, 15,387.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[39][40][42]
The victory at Shiloh had unpleasant repurcussions for Grant. .As previously planned, Grant's superior in the Department of the Mississippi, Henry Halleck, arrived at Pittsburg Landing to take personal command in the field.^ Western operations slow when Henry W. Halleck takes personal command of the combined armies of Buell and Grant.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Grant visited Nashville, Tennessee , where he met with Halleck's rival, Don Carlos Buell , Halleck used the visit as an excuse to relieve Grant of field command on March 2 .
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After Grant visited Nashville, Tennessee , where he met with Halleck's rival, Don Carlos Buell , Halleck used the visit as an excuse to relieve Grant on March 2 of field command of a newly launched expedition up the Tennessee River.
  • Ulysses S Grant encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Halleck proceeded to organize a 100,000-man army there, dividing it into three corps commands and a reserve for a campaign to capture Corinth, Mississippi.^ Halleck had now three armies: the Army of the Ohio, Buell commanding; the Army of the Mississippi, Pope commanding; and the Army of the Tennessee.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Halleck responded to the surprise and the disorganized nature of the fighting by taking command of the army in the field himself, on April 30 relegating Grant to the powerless position of second-in-command for the campaign against Corinth, Mississippi .
  • Ulysses S Grant encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Halleck responded to the surprise and the disorganized nature of the fighting by taking command of the army in the field himself on April 30 , relegating Grant to the powerless position of second-in-command for the campaign in Corinth, Mississippi .
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Initially, Grant was to command the right wing (First Corps).^ My old command thus formed the right wing, while the troops directly under Buell constituted the left wing of the army.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I was named second in command of the whole, and was also supposed to be in command of the right wing and reserve.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hancock with his corps and one division of the 9th corps crossed at Chesterfield Ford and covers the right wing of Lee's army.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[43] .However, on April 30, perhaps in response to the surprise and the haphazard nature of the Shiloh fighting and the resulting criticism of Grant, Halleck assigned Maj.^ Halleck responded to the surprise and the disorganized nature of the fighting by taking command of the army in the field himself, on April 30 relegating Grant to the powerless position of second-in-command for the campaign against Corinth, Mississippi .
  • Ulysses S Grant encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Halleck responded to the surprise and the disorganized nature of the fighting by taking command of the army in the field himself on April 30 , relegating Grant to the powerless position of second-in-command for the campaign in Corinth, Mississippi .
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Surprised and nearly defeated at Shiloh (April 1862), he fought back and took control of most of western Kentucky and Tennessee .
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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Gen. .George H. Thomas to the command of the right wing and gave Grant the position of second-in-command of the entire 100,000-man force.^ I was named second in command of the whole, and was also supposed to be in command of the right wing and reserve.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My old command thus formed the right wing, while the troops directly under Buell constituted the left wing of the army.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant, rode back to my command, and gave the order to move on Five Forks.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

Grant became dissatisfied with this arrangement, which he complained was a censure and comparable to an arrest.[44] .Accordingly, he explored the possibility of obtaining an assignment elsewhere and might have left the Army altogether after the Union forces occupied Corinth on May 30. The intervention of his subordinate and loyal friend, William T. Sherman, caused him to stay.^ However, the intervention of his subordinate and good friend, William T. Sherman , caused him to remain.
  • Ulysses S Grant encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the 2d Johnston left Corinth in force to attack my army.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sherman, caused him to remain.
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[45] .He was thus in a position to play an increasingly crucial role in the West when, in July 1862, Halleck was promoted to general-in-chief of the Union Army and called to Washington.^ He was thus in position to play an increasingly important role in the West when, in July 1862, Halleck was promoted to general-in-chief of the Union Army and called to Washington.
  • Ulysses S Grant encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ General and chief of the army.
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^ When Halleck was promoted to general-in-chief of the Union Army, Grant resumed his position as commander of the Army of West Tennessee (later more famously named the Army of the Tennessee ) on June 10 .
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[46] .That fall, Grant had command of the Union forces for the battles of Iuka and Corinth, although the fighting in those battles fell largely to Maj.^ He commanded the army for the battles of Corinth and Iuka that fall.
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^ Port Hudson, with nearly 6000 prisoners, 51 guns, and 5000 small-arms and other stores, fell into the hands of the Union forces.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ Union forces raid the Confederate camp, but fall back when they counterattack.

Gen. William S. Rosecrans.

Vicksburg

.During the summer of 1862, the honor of capturing the mighty Confederate garrison at Vicksburg, Mississippi was so enticing that Maj.^ In an attempt to capture the Mississippi River fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi , Grant spent the winter of 1862–1863 conducting a series of operations to gain access to the city through the region's bayous.
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^ His great achievement in 1862-63 was to seize control of the Mississippi River by defeating a series of uncoordinated Confederate armies and by capturing Vicksburg in July 1863.

^ His great achievement in 1862-63 was to seize control of the Mississippi River by defeating a series of Confederate armies and by capturing Vicksburg in July 1863.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Gen. .John A. McClernand, a war Democratic politician, managed to convince President Lincoln that he could muster an army to take the fortress city.^ It looked as if our war was a long way in the past when the President of the United States could call to pay his respects to the Vice President of the Confederate States.

^ They could not see how the mere occupation of places was to close the war while large and effective rebel armies existed.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For this victory, President Lincoln promoted Grant to the rank of major general in the regular army, effective July 4 .

.Lincoln approved his plan and wanted Maj.^ Lincoln approved his proposal and wanted Maj.
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Gen. .Nathaniel P. Banks to advance up river from New Orleans at the same time.^ Jump to: navigation , search Our penis pills will increase the length and girth of your penis – and boost up your sexual drive and energy at the same time!

^ A bout the same time McPherson discovered that the enemy was leaving his front, and advanced Crocker, who was so close upon the enemy that they could not move their guns or destroy them.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ulysees S. Grant: The Vicksburg Campaign 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.17thmissouri.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Time was given the enemy to collect armies and fortify his new positions; and twice afterwards he came near forcing his north-western front up to the Ohio River.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

In October, McClernand, under Lincoln's authority, began organizing regiments, sending the new recruits to Memphis. .By December, thousands of troops from the Union states were coming into Memphis giving the Union Army in the west needed reinforcements to capture Vicksburg.^ McLaws was one of the officers who resigned his commission in the Federal Army for the purpose of following his State into secession.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Knowing that the Confederates could no longer send reinforcements to the Vicksburg garrison, Grant turned west and won at Champion Hill .

^ Dyer's Compendium (Union) Summary of Loss by State Dyer's Compendium access is in the right column under Troops Furnished & Deaths http://www.civil-war.net/ .

.However, Gen.-in-Chief Henry W. Halleck, who considererd McClernand vainglorious and unskilled, decided to give Grant control of all troops in his own department, which included the new recruits in Memphis, and gave him permission to move as far south as possible.^ Who do they give grants to?
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^ And yes, his practices were illegal even though the Justice Department under Bush bent all possible rules to give it legal justification.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is all im­por­tant, es­pe­cial­ly so with new troops.
  • Letters of Ulysses S. Grant to His Father and His Youngest Sister,1857-78 by Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson) - Pages 1-97 | Lexcycle 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lexcycle.com [Source type: Original source]

.A personal rivalry began between Grant and McClernand that continued throughout the Mississippi campaign.^ There he began to write his recollections of the war years, the Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant (1885-1886).

^ The campaign began in November and opened with a series of hard-fought actions that continued for about a month at a considerable cost to the Tokugawa.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The campaign continued, but Lee, anticipating Grant's move, beat him to Spotsylvania, Virginia , where, on May 8 , the fighting resumed.
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[47][48]
.In a two-pronged approach to capture the elusive Vicksburg fortress, Grant's army, starting from Grand Junction, Tennessee, moved into Mississippi as far south as Oxford, establishing a large supply depot in Holly Springs to the north.^ Grant’s army and Van Dorn’s capture of the Federal supply depot at Holly Springs caused a temporary delay in the Vicksburg operations.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mississippi south of Vicksburg's artillery batteries.
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^ Grant moves to Grand Junction, planning a march against Vicksburg.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant was to approach the fortress from the northwest on the Mississippi Central Railroad while Maj.^ It followed the line of the Mississippi Central Railroad, with Columbus, Kentucky, as a base, and soon after it started, a cooperating column was moved down the Mississippi River on trans ports, with Memphis as its base.
  • Ulysees S. Grant: The Vicksburg Campaign 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.17thmissouri.com [Source type: Original source]

Gen. .William T. Sherman would attack approaching from northeast on the Yazoo River.^ Sherman was on the right and covered the high ground from where it overlooked the Yazoo as far south-east as his troops would extend.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ Sherman would have been here before this but for high water in Elk River driving him some thirty miles up that river to cross."
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, in December 1862, Grant's plans were thwarted by two Confederate generals, Earl Van Dorn and the notorious and ever-dangerous Nathan B. Forrest.^ Both General Floyd and Pillow, the two senior Confederate commanders fled.
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ February 17th, 1862 , Grant receives his two star rank of Major General of Volunteers .

^ The Confederates surrendered, and President Lincoln promoted Grant to major general of volunteers.

.Starting on December 10 Forrest cut off Grant's supply chain by destroying 60 miles of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, captured supply and ammunition dumps and weapons.^ At this time a large body of the enemy was hovering to the west of us, along the line of the Mobile and Ohio railroad.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their chief line of railroad threatened was the Memphis and Charleston, which crosses the Mobile and Ohio at Corinth, in the northeastern corner of Mississippi, about 20 miles distant from the bend of the Tennessee, near Pittsburg Landing.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant captured and brought off two guns and lost two caissons.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.On December 20, Van Dorn captured $1,500,000 worth of food, ammunition and equipment at Holly Springs, Mississippi.^ On the 21st General Pope arrived with an army 30,000 strong, fresh from the capture of Island Number Ten in the Mississippi River.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant’s army and Van Dorn’s capture of the Federal supply depot at Holly Springs caused a temporary delay in the Vicksburg operations.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beauregard, however, was reinforced by Van Dorn immediately after Shiloh with 17,000 men.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

These raids allowed Confederate Lt. Gen. .John C. Pemberton to reinforce Vicksburg, just in time to stop the Union assault by Sherman's corps at the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou on December 28. Sherman's frontal assault across swampy ground against well-fortified Confederate lines was repulsed, and he was forced to withdraw.^ Cold Harbor was one of Grant's most controversial battles, in which he launched on June 3 a massive three-corps assault without adequate reconnaissance on a well-fortified defensive line, resulting in horrific casualties (3,0007,000 killed, wounded, and missing in the first 40 minutes.

^ The Confederates were now driven out of West Tennessee, and on the 6th of June, after a well-contested naval battle, the National forces took possession of Memphis and held the Mississippi river from its source to that point.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the 30th, VI Corps turned south to come in on the far right flank of the Union line, but bogged down in swampy Crump’s Creek without getting into position.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

[48]
.McClernand arrived at Milliken's Bend, Grant's new headquarters, on January 4, 1863, and claimed to be in charge of 30,000 Union soldiers, defying Grant's earlier published orders assigning McClernand to command only one corps, the XIII.^ Grant, the greatest citizen and soldier of the Union.
  • News of Ulysses Grant's Death 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC starship.python.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Only one gunboat had arrived.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ McClernand's XIII Corps was turned over to Maj.

.McClernand, at the suggestion of Sherman, took his force, which he referred to as the Army of the Mississippi and captured Fort Hindman at Arkansas Post.^ His great achievement in 1862-63 was to seize control of the Mississippi River by defeating a series of Confederate armies and by capturing Vicksburg in July 1863.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ McClernand was ordered to move one division of his command to Clinton, one division a few miles beyond Mississippi Springs,- following Sherman's line,-and a third to Raymond.
  • Ulysees S. Grant: The Vicksburg Campaign 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.17thmissouri.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the 17th of March the army on the Tennessee River consisted of five divisions, commanded respectively by Generals C. F. Smith, McClernand, L. Wallace, Hurlbut and Sherman.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.This helped the Union open the Arkansas River as it met the Mississippi, protect Federal supply lines, and capture 4,800 prisoners at the cost of 1,000 Union casualties.^ Devising a plan known as the "Cracker Line", Thomas's chief engineer, William F. "Baldy" Smith opened a new supply route to Chattanooga, helping to better supply the Army of the Cumberland.
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^ The total Union loss was 3,329; the Confederate from 1,500 to 2,000 in killed and wounded and probably about 12,000 prisoners.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Shenandoah Valley casualties would bring the aggregate Union losses in the Virginia operations thus far above 70,000.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant was not angry at McClernand because the Fort Hindman campaign had been suggested by Sherman.^ McClernand was on Sherman's left, with troops that had been engaged at forts Henry and Donelson and were therefore veterans so far as western troops had become such at that stage of the war.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[49]
.Grant remained determined to capture Vicksburg and in the first three months of 1863 conducted a series of operations to gain access to the city through the region's bayous, all of which ended in failure.^ Vicksburg: In the campaign to capture the Mississippi River fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi , Grant spent the winter of 18621863 conducting a series of operations to gain access to the city through the region's bayous.

^ In an attempt to capture the Mississippi River fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi , Grant spent the winter of 1862–1863 conducting a series of operations to gain access to the city through the region's bayous.
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I therefore determined to move independently of Banks, cut loose from my base, destroy the rebel force in rear of Vicksburg, and invest or capture the city.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
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.One newspaper complained that "[t]he army was being ruined in mud-turtle expeditions, under the leadership of a drunkard, whose confidential adviser [Sherman] was a lunatic."^ Under the leadership of Dr. I found it on the floor at church one day.
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^ Johnston was in my rear, only fifty miles away, with an army not much inferior in numbers to the one I had with me, and I knew he was being reenforced.
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[50] .These attempts to reach Vicksburg from different directions confused Pemberton, who was at a loss as to where the Union army was going to strike.^ As soon as the news of the arrival of the Union army behind Vicksburg reached the North, floods of visitors began to pour in.
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^ With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These had been directed either to evading the domination of the Vicksburg batteries over the Mississippi or that of the Haines Bluff batteries over the Yazoo.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

He reported "Enemy is constantly in motion in all directions".[48][51]
Grant's Operations against Vicksburg, April–July 1863.
.In the spring of 1863, Grant finally devised a strategy that would successfully capture Vicksburg.^ In an attempt to capture the Mississippi River fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi , Grant spent the winter of 1862–1863 conducting a series of operations to gain access to the city through the region's bayous.
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His strategy in the campaign to capture Vicksburg in 1863 is considered one of the most masterful in military history.

^ July 4, 1863 , Surrender of Vicksburg - Grant's tour de force as a general, one of greatest military campaigns in history.

.Starting from Milliken's Bend, Grant marched his army, leading with the corps of McClernand and Brig.^ Grant’s successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Personal intervention from President Lincoln caused Halleck to restore Grant, who rejoined his army on March 17 .
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^ On the 17th of March the army on the Tennessee River consisted of five divisions, commanded respectively by Generals C. F. Smith, McClernand, L. Wallace, Hurlbut and Sherman.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Gen. .James B. McPherson, down the west bank of the Mississippi and crossed the river at Bruinsburg, nine miles south of Grand Gulf, by using United States Navy ships that had run the guns at Vicksburg.^ United States Navy purchased the field.
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^ Criminalistics program west of the Mississippi River.
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^ Grant marched his troops down the west bank of the Mississippi and crossed the river by using the U.S. Navy ships that had run the guns at Vicksburg.

To keep Pemberton guessing, Grant ordered Col. Benjamin F. Grierson, a first rate cavalryman, to raid through central Mississippi. .In addition, Grant had ordered Sherman on April 29 and May 1 to stage a diversionary attack on Pemberton's line at Snyder's Bluff.^ On the 10th of May, Grant, inadvisably, aborts a promising envelopment of the Confederate left and ordered an assault on the center by Warren’s corps.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this last position Sherman was frequently attacked before night, but held the point until he voluntarily abandoned it to advance in order to make room for Lew.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the summer drew on and with Grant's and Sherman's armies stalled, respectively in Virginia and Georgia, politics took center stage.
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[52] .After crossing at Bruinsburg with 23,000 troops, Grant moved inland, repulsed Confederate Brig.^ Répondre à ce message richard e grant Ecrit le: 2009-08-23 01:10:01 by Anonymous Shortly after he was born his family moved to Kansas.
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^ Grant, menaced by Price’s 17,000 had 25,000 troops at Corinth.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Assaults cost the Union arms 4,000 men and the Confederate but 500, and then Grant trusted to close investment, using a part of his force to keep off Gen.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

Gen. .John S. Bowen at Port Gibson, a battle that left Grand Gulf open for Sherman's corps to meet up with Grant on May 7. Then, in a move that defied conventional military principles, Grant cut loose from his supply lines of food, feeding off the land in enemy territory.^ The left wing moved up again on the 25th of May and intrenched itself close to the enemy.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There, he moved inland andin a daring move that defied conventional military principlescut loose from most of his supply lines.

^ Those who failed to line up had their food allocation cut.
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.His troops drove northeastward and captured the city of Jackson, severing the rail line to Vicksburg.^ Grant's army went eastward, captured the city of Jackson, Mississippi , and severed the rail line to Vicksburg.
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^ Grant's army went eastward, captured the city of Jackson , and severed the rail line to Vicksburg.
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^ Arriving at Petersburg , first, Grant should have captured the rail junction city, but he failed because of the overly cautious actions of his subordinate William Smith.
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.Grant moved swiftly, never giving the Confederates, under the command of John C. Pemberton and Joseph E. Johnson, an opportunity to concentrate their forces against him.^ Grant never got along with President Johnson.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Operating in enemy territory, Grant moved swiftly, never giving the Confederates, under the command of John C. Pemberton , an opportunity to concentrate their forces against him.
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^ To make matters worse for Abraham Lincoln , Lee detached a small army under the command of Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , hoping it would force Grant to disengage forces to pursue him.
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[51]
.Knowing that the Confederates could no longer send reinforcements to the Vicksburg garrison, Grant turned west and won the Battle of Champion Hill.^ Knowing that the Confederates could no longer send reinforcements to the Vicksburg garrison, Grant turned west and won at Champion Hill .

^ Delay no longer for weather or reinforcements.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ulysses S. Grant Knowing that the Confederates could no longer send reinforcements to the Vicksburg garrison, Grant turned west and won the Battle of Champion Hill .
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.The Confederates retreated within their fortifications, and Grant quickly surrounded the city.^ The defeated Confederates retreated inside their fortifications at Vicksburg, and Grant promptly surrounded the city.

^ The Confederates retreated inside their fortifications at Vicksburg, and Grant promptly surrounded the city.
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^ Grant assumed the offensive, and after more hard fighting the Confederates abandoned the field and retreated to Corinth.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.After two costly assaults against the impregnable breastworks had failed, Grant settled in for the six-week Siege of Vicksburg.^ Finding that assaults against the impregnable breastworks were futile, he settled in for a six-week siege .
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^ May 19-May 22, 1863 , Grant attempts two frontal assaults upon Vicksburg, but both are repelled.

^ Although a master of combat by out-maneuvering his opponent (such as at Vicksburg and in the Overland Campaign against Lee), Grant was not afraid to order direct assaults, often when the Confederates were themselves launching offensives against him.
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[51] .Cut off and with no hope of relief, Pemberton surrendered to Grant on July 4, 1863. It was a stinging defeat for the Southern cause, splitting the Confederacy in two, and, in conjunction with the Union victory at Gettysburg the previous day, is widely considered the turning point of the war.^ No Grant, and there is no victory in the Civil War for the Union.

^ It was a devastating defeat for the Southern cause, effectively splitting the Confederacy in two, and, in conjunction with the Union victory at Gettysburg the previous day, is widely considered the turning point of the war.
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^ At some point, the creditors cut them off.
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[53] For this victory, President Lincoln promoted Grant to the rank of major general in the regular army, effective July 4.[28][51] This was the second time a full Confederate army surrendered, the first one being to Grant at Fort Donelson in 1862.
This is a black and white wood engraving showing Grant talking with Pemberton after the Vicksburg Campaign.
Grant and Pemberton discuss surrender terms at Vicksburg on July 3, 1863, as drawn by a young newspaper correspondent.
Historian Francis V. Greene wrote that "We must go back to the campaigns of Napoleon to find equally brilliant results accomplished in the same space of time with such a small loss."[54] Anticipating that Grant would soon capture Vicksburg, Abraham Lincoln declared that "if Grant only does this thing down there ..., why, Grant is my man and I am his the rest of this war."[55]

Chattanooga

.After the Battle of Chickamauga, Union Maj.^ After the Battle of Chickamauga Union general William S. Rosecrans retreated to Chattanooga .
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chattanooga: After the Battle of Chickamauga Union General William S. Rosecrans retreated to Chattanooga, Tennessee .

^ After the Battle of Chickamauga Union Maj.
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Gen. .William S. Rosecrans and his Army of the Cumberland retreated to Chattanooga, Tennessee.^ He had three divisions: Osterhaus's, of the 15th corps, Army of the Tennessee; Geary's, 12th corps, Army of the Potomac; and Cruft's, 14th corps, Army of the Cumberland.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rosecrans had very skilfully manoeuvred Bragg south of the Tennessee River, and through and beyond Chattanooga.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the Battle of Chickamauga Union general William S. Rosecrans retreated to Chattanooga .
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Confederate Braxton Bragg followed to Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, surrounding the Federals on three sides and besieging them.^ Federal casualties 9,091 Confederate casualties Missionary Ridge.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bragg followed and took possession of Missionary Ridge, overlooking Chattanooga.
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^ Lee was surrounded on three sides.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

.On October 17, 1863 to deal with this crisis, Grant was placed in command of the sweeping, newly-created Military Division of the Mississippi; this command placed Grant in charge of the formerly independent Departments of the Ohio, the Cumberland (embracing Chattanooga), and the Tennessee.^ Grant refused but kept his military command.
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^ On October 17 , Grant was placed in command of the city.

^ October 22, 1863 , Takes command at Chattanooga, Tennessee.

.In taking this new command, Grant chose a version of the War Department's order that relieved Rosecrans from command of the Department of the Cumberland and replaced him with Maj.^ By an order of the War Department, dated Aug.
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^ He immediately relieved Rosecrans and replaced him with George H. Thomas .
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^ Thomas relieved him in command of his forces, the Army of the Cumberland.
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Gen. George H. Thomas. .Sherman succeeded Grant in charge of the Department of the Tennessee.^ Halleck becoming General-in Chief at Washington in July, Grant was left at Corinth in charge of the Department of West Tennessee with about 60,000 men, afterward reduced about a third by reinforcements sent to Buell in Tennessee.
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[56][57]
.Grant went to Chattanooga personally to take charge of the situation.^ Western operations slow when Henry W. Halleck takes personal command of the combined armies of Buell and Grant.
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.Initially, the relationship between Grant and Thomas was strained, possibly stemming from Halleck's command restructuring after Shiloh, however, the two commanders eventually worked well together.^ However, the plan worked too well.
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^ After Grant visited Nashville, Tennessee , where he met with Halleck's rival, Don Carlos Buell , Halleck used the visit as an excuse to relieve Grant of field command on March 2 .
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^ The faculty also received the 2006 Richard J. - believe make money taking pictures years fix two for the money watch free elsewhere alone kansas youth sports grants any - The relationship between men and feminism has been complex.
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.Devising a system known as the "Cracker Line," Thomas's chief engineer, William F. "Baldy" Smith opened a new supply route to Chattanooga, helping to feed the starving men and animals of the Union army.^ Thomas's chief engineer, William F. But this is the greatest feeling in the world!

^ Devising a plan known as the "Cracker Line", Thomas's chief engineer, William F. "Baldy" Smith opened a new supply route to Chattanooga, helping to better supply the Army of the Cumberland.
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^ Devising a plan known as the "Cracker Line," Grant's chief engineer, William F. "Baldy" Smith , opened a new supply route to Chattanooga, greatly increasing the chances for Grant's forces.

.Upon reprovisioning and reinforcement by elements of Sherman's Army of the Tennessee and troops from the Army of the Potomac under Maj.^ Upon reprovisioning and reinforcing, the morale of Union troops lifted.
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^ They consisted of the Army of the Potomac, under Maj.

^ In the battle of Chattanooga, troops from the Army of the Potomac, from the Army of the Tennessee, and from the Army of the Cumberland participated.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Gen. .Joseph Hooker, the morale of Union troops lifted.^ Upon reprovisioning and reinforcing, the morale of Union troops lifted.
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^ Joseph Hooker, the morale of Union troops lifted.
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.In late November, Grant went on the offensive.^ In late November, they went on the offensive.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ulysses S 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fjcollazo.com [Source type: Original source]

[57][58]
.The Battles for Chattanooga started out with Hooker's capture of Lookout Mountain on November 24 and with Sherman's failed attack on the Confederate right the following day.^ Hooker will at the same time attack, and, if he can, carry Lookout Mountain.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ CHATTANOOGA, November 24,1863.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Battle of Chattanooga started out with Sherman's failed attack on the Confederate right.
  • Ulysses S 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fjcollazo.com [Source type: Original source]
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.He occupied the wrong hill and then committed only a fraction of his force against the true objective, allowing them to be repulsed by one Confederate division.^ He not only attacked the wrong mountain but committed his troops piecemeal, allowing them to be defeated by one Confederate division.
  • Ulysses S 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fjcollazo.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ Thanks to Grant’s forceful actions, violence in the South against freedmen dropped, and it was only when the threat of reprisal was removed following Grant’s presidency that violence escalated again.
  • Hang Right Politics » The American Presidents Part 18: Ulysses S. Grant 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC hangrightpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One division of these--Blair's-only arrived in time to take part in the battle of Champion's Hill, but was not engaged there; and one brigade-Ransom's-of McPherson's corps reached the field after the battle.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ulysees S. Grant: The Vicksburg Campaign 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.17thmissouri.com [Source type: Original source]

.In response, Grant ordered Thomas to launch a demonstration on the center, which could draw defenders away from Sherman.^ In response, Grant ordered Thomas to launch a demonstration on the center, which could draw defenders away from Sherman.
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^ Grant was initially angry at Thomas that his orders for a demonstration were exceeded, but the assaulting wave sent the Confederates into a head-long retreat, opening the way for the Union to invade Atlanta , and the heart of the Confederacy.
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sherman, in Grant's plan, was to have turned the enemy's right, while Thomas held him at the centre, but on the 25th Sherman found that the difficulties of the country were too great.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thomas's men made an unexpected but spectacular charge straight up Missionary Ridge and broke the fortified center of the Confederate line.^ Hooker's men broke the Confederate left, while Thomas's men made an unexpected but spectacular charge straight up Missionary Ridge and broke the fortified center of the Confederate line.
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^ Besides the fortifications on Mission Ridge, there was a line at the base of the hill, with occasional spurs of rifle-pits half-way up the front.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The five research centers are the William F. He broke up innumerable plays.

.Grant was initially angry at Thomas that his orders for a demonstration were exceeded, but the assaulting wave sent the Confederates into a head-long retreat, opening the door to a Union invasion of Atlanta, Georgia, and the heart of the Confederacy.^ Grant was initially angry at Thomas that his orders for a demonstration were exceeded, but the assaulting wave sent the Confederates into a head-long retreat, opening the way for the Union to invade Atlanta , and the heart of the Confederacy.
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Grant was initially angry at Thomas that his orders for a demonstration were exceeded, but the assaulting wave sent the Confederates into a head-long retreat, opening the way for the Union to invade Atlanta, Georgia , and the heart of the Confederacy.
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  • Ulysses S 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fjcollazo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant promises, in return, to use the whole weight of his influence to have Georgia readmitted into the Union under that Constitution.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.According to Hooker, Grant said afterward, "Damn the battle!^ Grant reportedly said afterward, "Damn, I had nothing to do with this battle," according to Hooker.
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^ "At Dinwiddie Court House," said he, "came Grant's order about ending the battle before going back.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "His courage is yet unshaken," Dr. Shrady said afterward to Col. Grant, in relating this incident.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

I had nothing to do with it."[57][59] .Casualties after the battle were 5,824 for the Union and 6,667 for Confederate armies, respectively.^ In this battle of Shiloh, the bloodiest till then ever fought on the continent, the Confederate losses were about 11,000; the Union about 12,200.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He cast his fortunes with the South during the war and became a chaplain in the Confederate Army, while his brothers were fighting in the Union Army.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ November 22-25, 1863 , The Battle of Chattanooga, which culminates in Union victories at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, the Confederates are forced to retreat into Tennessee.

[37]

Eastern Theater: 1864-1865

This is a black and white photo of Grant, his wife Julia, and son Jesse at City Point.
"General Ulysses S. Grant at City Point in 1864 with his wife and son Jesse."
.President Abraham Lincoln, impressed by Grant's willingness to fight and ability to win, appointed him lieutenant general in the regular army—a rank not awarded since George Washington (or Winfield Scott's brevet appointment), recently re-authorized by the U.S. Congress with Grant in mind—on March 2, 1864. On March 12, Grant became general-in-chief of all the armies of the United States.^ Commanding General of the United States Army 1864 – 1869 .
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^ Sherman the brevet title of General of the Army, and placing him in command at Washington.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Frederick D. Grant is now a Brigadier General in the regular army.
  • Ulysses S. Grant Association : Ulysses S. Grant Genealogy 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC library.msstate.edu [Source type: Academic]

[58] .Following this, Grant placed Major General William T. Sherman in immediate command of all forces in the West and moved his headquarters to Virginia, in the Eastern theater.^ In March 1864, Grant put Major General William Tecumseh Sherman in immediate command of all forces in the West and moved his headquarters to Virginia where he turned his attention to the long-frustrated Union effort to destroy the Army of Northern Virginia .

^ Sherman was directed to place all available force in the division of the Atlantic at the command of Gen.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant then moved his headquarters to Jackson, leaving Rosecrans in command at Corinth.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant then turned his attention to the long-frustrated Union effort to destroy Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.^ Lee rushed reinforcements to Petersburg from the Army of Northern Virginia.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In March 1864, Grant put Major General William T. Sherman in immediate command of all forces in the West and moved his headquarters to Virginia where he turned his attention to the long-frustrated Union effort to destroy the Army of Northern Virginia ; his secondary objective was to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia , but Grant knew that the latter would happen automatically once the former was accomplished.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In March 1864, Grant put Major General William T. Sherman in immediate command of all forces in the West and moved his headquarters to Virginia where he turned his attention to the long-frustrated Union effort to destroy the Army of Northern Virginia ; his secondary objective was to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond , but Grant knew that the latter would happen automatically once the former was accomplished.
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.President Lincoln and Grant understood that in order save the Union, the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee had to be defeated, and the vital Confederate railroad supply lines had to be destroyed or cut off.^ It was the key to our line for supplying the army.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A vital supply line had been cut.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lee rushed reinforcements to Petersburg from the Army of Northern Virginia.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

.Following Lincoln's military suggestions, Grant devised a coordinated strategy that would strike at the heart of the Confederacy from multiple directions: Grant, George G. Meade, and Benjamin Franklin Butler against Lee near Richmond; Franz Sigel in the Shenandoah Valley; Sherman to invade Georgia, defeat Joseph E. Johnston, and capture Atlanta; George Crook and William W. Averell to operate against railroad supply lines in West Virginia; and Nathaniel Banks to capture Mobile, Alabama.^ Johnston, and capture Atlanta; George Crook and William W. The building was rebuilt each time.

^ He devised a coordinated strategy that would strike at the heart of the Confederacy from multiple directions: Grant, George G. Meade , and Benjamin Franklin Butler against Lee near Richmond; Franz Sigel in the Shenandoah Valley ; Sherman to invade Georgia , defeat Joseph E. Johnston , and capture Atlanta ; George Crook and William W. Averell to operate against railroad supply lines in West Virginia ; and Nathaniel Banks to capture Mobile .
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Johnston, and capture Atlanta; George Crook and William W. The original Allen's was one of the oldest bars in Athens.

.With President Lincoln's valued support and guidance, Grant was the first general to undertake such a coordinated strategy.^ President Lincoln's first term.
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^ Grant is the first general I have had.

^ Grant was depicted in the 1999 film Wild Wild West , with actor Kevin Kline portraying the president in a minor supporting role.

.He was also the first to understand the concepts of total war, in which the destruction of an enemy's economic infrastructure was as valuable as tactical victories on the battlefield.^ Grant was the first general to attempt such a coordinated strategy in the war and the first to understand the concepts of total war , in which the destruction of an enemy's economic infrastructure that supplied its armies was as important as tactical victories on the battlefield.
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^ Sheridan and Sherman both followed Grant's strategy of total war by destroying the economic infrastructures of the Valley and a large swath of Georgia and the Carolinas .
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[60]

Overland Campaign

This is a black and white Civil War portrait photo showing Lt. Gen. Grant in uniform.
Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant
.The Overland Campaign was the military offensive needed by the Union to defeat the Confederacy; it pitted Grant against Robert E. Lee.^ It pitted Grant against the great commander Robert E. Lee in an epic contest.
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^ The Overland Campaign was the military thrust needed by the Union to defeat the Confederacy.
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^ While his subordinates Sherman and Sheridan marched through Georgia and the Shenandoah Valley respectively, Grant personally supervised the 1864 Overland Campaign against General Robert E. Lee 's Army in Virginia.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It began on May 4, 1864, when the Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan River, marching into an area of scrubby vegetation and second growth trees known as the Wilderness.^ It began on May 4 , 1864 , when the Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan River , marching into an area of scrubby undergrowth and second growth trees known as the Wilderness.

^ Should Lee, however, fall back into Richmond, I will follow up and make a junction with your army on the James River."
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lee, who, while Meade was at Culpeper, had watched him from Orange and Gordonsville, when he saw the Union army crossing the Rapidan at Ely's and Germanna fords with intent to turn his right flank, marched forward to attack it.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was such difficult terrain that the Army of Northern Virginia was able to use it to prevent Grant from fully exploiting his numerical superiority.^ It was such difficult terrain that the Army of Northern Virginia was able to use it to prevent Grant from fully exploiting his numerical advantage.
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^ Grant, and voted thanks to him and his army, as did many of the Legislatures of the Northern States.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "GENERAL: I have received your letter of this date containing the terms of surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia as proposed by you.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[61]
.The Battle of the Wilderness was a difficult, bloody two-day fight, resulting in advantage to neither side, but with heavy casualties to both.^ The Battle of the Wilderness was a stubborn, bloody two-day fight, resulting in advantage to neither side, but with heavy casualties on both.
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^ The rebellion, which contained more war in a single day, at some critical periods, than the whole Mexican war in two years, has not been so fruitful of political results to those engaged on the Union side.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The battle of Champion's Hill lasted about four hours of hard fighting, preceded by two or three hour s of skirmishes, some of which rose almost to the dignity of battle.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ulysees S. Grant: The Vicksburg Campaign 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.17thmissouri.com [Source type: Original source]

.After similar battles in Virginia against Lee, all of Grant's predecessors had retreated from the field.^ After similar battles in Virginia against Lee, all of Grant's predecessors had retreated from the field.
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^ While his subordinates Sherman and Sheridan marched through Georgia and the Shenandoah Valley respectively, Grant personally supervised the 1864 Overland Campaign against General Robert E. Lee 's Army in Virginia.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Grant assumed the offensive, and after more hard fighting the Confederates abandoned the field and retreated to Corinth.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant ignored the setback and ordered an advance around Lee's flank to the southeast, which lifted the morale of his army.^ Grant ignored the setback and ordered an advance around Lee's flank to the southeast, which lifted the morale of his army.
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^ Grant moves around Lee’s right towards Hanover Junction.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln supported his general and replaced his losses, and Lee's dwindling army was forced into defending trenches around Richmond and Petersburg .
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Grant's strategy was not just to win individual battles; it was to fight regular engagements to wear down and destroy Lee's army.^ Grant's strategy was not to win individual battles, it was to wear down and destroy Lee's army.

^ In April 1865 Grant's vastly larger army broke through, captured Richmond, and forced Lee to surrender at Appomattox .

^ Grant directed Sherman to drive through the South while he himself, with the Army of the Potomac, pinned down General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.

[62] .Casualties for the battle were 17,666 for the Union and 11,125 for the Confederate armies, respectively.^ In this battle of Shiloh, the bloodiest till then ever fought on the continent, the Confederate losses were about 11,000; the Union about 12,200.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He cast his fortunes with the South during the war and became a chaplain in the Confederate Army, while his brothers were fighting in the Union Army.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ November 22-25, 1863 , The Battle of Chattanooga, which culminates in Union victories at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, the Confederates are forced to retreat into Tennessee.

[63]
Grant in a standing position is leaning on a tree during the Battle of Cold Harbor.
General Grant at Cold Harbor, photographed by Mathew Brady in 1864.
.Sigel's Valley Campaigns and Butler's Bermuda Hundred Campaign failed.^ (Major General Benjamin F. Butler moved towards Richmond, Major General Framy Sigel advanced southward up the Shenandoah Valley.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sigel's Shenandoah campaign and Butler's James River campaign both failed.
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^ Butler was at the same time to make a co-operative movement up the James toward Petersburg, and Sigel to advance up the Shenandoah Valley.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lee was able to reinforce with troops used to defend against these assaults.^ Lee was able to reinforce with troops used to defend against these assaults.
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^ On these, by previous arrangements with the loyal people of East Tennessee, were placed flour and corn, with forage and provisions generally, and were thus secured for the use of the Union troops.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These words summed up his attitude about the fighting, and the next day, May 12 , he ordered a massive assault that nearly broke Lee's lines.

[64]
The campaign continued. .Confederate troops beat the Union to Spotsylvania, Virginia, where the fighting resumed on May 8. The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House lasted 14 days.^ The talks at Easton lasted 14 days.
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^ The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House lasted 14 days.
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^ The campaign continued, but Lee, anticipating Grant's move, beat him to Spotsylvania, Virginia , where, on May 8 , the fighting resumed.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Ulysses S 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fjcollazo.com [Source type: Original source]

.On May 11, Grant wrote a famous dispatch containing the line "I propose to fight it out along this line if it takes all summer". These words summed up his attitude about the fighting, and the next day, May 12, he ordered a massive assault by Hancock's 2nd Corps that broke and briefly captured Lee's second line of defense, and took approximately 3,000 prisoners.^ These words summed up his attitude about the fighting, and the next day, May 12 , he ordered a massive assault by Hancock's 2nd Corps that broke a portion of Lee's line, captured 30 artillery pieces, took 4,000 prisoners, and broke forever the famous Stonewall Division.
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On May 11, Grant writes another of his famous dispatches, "I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer."

^ On May 11 , Grant wrote a famous dispatch containing the line "I propose to fight it out along this line if it takes all summer".
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There were 12,000 Confederate casualties to the Union's 18,000.[65] In spite of mounting Union casualties, the contest's dynamics changed in Grant's favor.^ Grant's total losses were not 12,000.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In spite of mounting Union casualties, the contest's dynamics changed in Grant's favor.
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^ In this battle of Shiloh, the bloodiest till then ever fought on the continent, the Confederate losses were about 11,000; the Union about 12,200.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most of Lee's great victories in earlier years had been won on the offensive, employing surprise movements and fierce assaults.^ You will promise me to have a great year, won’t you?

^ Most of Lee's great victories in earlier years had been won on the offensive, employing surprise movements and fierce assaults.
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^ Assault on assault was made by Lee with great fury, till the ground was strewn with Confederate and Union dead.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Now, he was forced to fight continually on the defensive without a chance to regroup or replenish against an enemy that was well supplied and had greater numbers.^ Now, he was forced to continually fight on the defensive.

^ Now, he was forced to continually fight on the defensive without a chance to regroup or replenish against an opponent that was well supplied and had superior numbers.
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^ He approached Donelson with fewer men at first than were ensconced behind its strong works, and campaigned for months against Vicksburg with hardly greater force than was assigned for its defense.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[53]
.The next major battle demonstrated the power of a well-prepared defense.^ The next major battle, however, demonstrated the power of a well-prepared defense.
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^ February 1902 saw the next major battle in that region.
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^ General Beauregard was next in rank to Johnston and succeeded to the command, which he retained to the close of the battle and during the subsequent retreat on Corinth, as well as in the siege of that place.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Cold Harbor was one of Grant's most controversial battles, in which he launched on June 3 a massive three-corps assault without adequate reconnaissance on a well-fortified defensive line, resulting in horrific casualties, 12,737 for Union and 4,595 for the Confederate troops, respectively.^ Grant arrives at the vicinity of Cold Harbor.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ COLD HARBOR, June 5,1864.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cold Harbor was one of Grant's most controversial battles, in which he launched on June 3 a massive three-corps assault without adequate reconnaissance on a well-fortified defensive line, resulting in horrific casualties (3,000–7,000 killed, wounded, and missing in the first 40 minutes, although modern estimates have determined that the total was likely less than half of the famous figure of 7,000 that has been used in books for decades; as many as 12,000 for the day, far outnumbering the Confederate losses).
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[63] .The Union Army suffered a staggering 3 times higher casualty rate than the Confederate Army at Cold Harbor.^ That's over twelve times higher than the example above.
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^ PERRET: Ironically, this picture was taken--it's a picture showing Grant looking confident and optimistic--was taken the day before one of the worst days in his life --this was taken at Cold Harbor in June of 1864 and the next day --the Union--the Army of the Potomac made a futile and very costly frontal assault on Confederate lines at Cold Harbor and, in the space of less than an hour, suffered seven thousan--it--about 7,000 casualties.

^ He cast his fortunes with the South during the war and became a chaplain in the Confederate Army, while his brothers were fighting in the Union Army.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[39][66] .Grant moved on and kept up the pressure.^ But Grant moved on and kept up the pressure.
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He stole a march on Lee, when Union engineers had stealthfully constructed a pontoon bridge, allowing the Army of the Potomac to move southward across the James River on June 15, 1864.[67]
During the Overland Campaign, Grant had a reputation of a determined fighter after Abraham Lincoln's famous order, "Hold on with a bull-dog grip, and chew and choke as much as possible."[68] The term accurately captures his tenacity, but it oversimplifies his considerable strategic and tactical capabilities.

Petersburg and Appomattox

.After successfully crossing the James River, arriving at Petersburg, Virginia, Grant should have captured the rail junction city, but he failed because of the excessively cautious actions of his subordinate William F. Smith.^ Arriving at Petersburg, Virginia , first, Grant should have captured the rail junction city, but he failed because of the overly cautious actions of his subordinate William Smith.
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^ City Point was a port on the James River.
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^ Grant advanced to the James River.
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.Over the next three days, Union assaults to take the city were launched.^ Over the next three days, a number of Union assaults to take the city were launched.
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^ On the 19th, just twenty days after the crossing, the city was completely invested and an assault had been made: five distinct battles-besides continuous skirmishing-had been fought and won by the Union forces; the capital of the State had fallen.
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^ These words summed up his attitude about the fighting, and the next day, May 12 , he ordered a massive assault that nearly broke Lee's lines.

.All failed, however, and finally on June 18, Lee's veterans arrived.^ But all failed, and finally on June 18 , Lee's veterans arrived.
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.Faced with fully manned trenches in his front, Grant was left with no alternative but to settle down to the Siege of Petersburg.^ VIII. The Siege of Petersburg Grant now sat down to a siege of Petersburg.
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^ Grant left no offspring when he died in 1937 of nephritis.
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^ Grant died in 1972, at age 96, his nationwide empire of W. Grant left no offspring when he died in 1937 of nephritis.
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[69]
.As the summer drew on and with Grant's and Sherman's armies stalled, respectively in Virginia and Georgia, politics took center stage.^ As the summer drew on and with Grant's and Sherman's armies stalled, respectively in Virginia and Georgia, politics took center stage.
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^ While his subordinates Sherman and Sheridan marched through Georgia and the Shenandoah Valley respectively, Grant personally supervised the 1864 Overland Campaign against General Robert E. Lee 's Army in Virginia.
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^ Richmond, Virginia, while Sherman led the western Union army southward through Georgia.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

.There was a presidential election in the fall, and the citizens of the North had difficulty seeing any progress in the war effort.^ There was a presidential election in the fall, and the citizens of the North had difficulty seeing any progress in the war effort.

^ Presidential elections are coming in June of 2009, and there is a good chance that the people will vote in a more moderate President this time around.

^ Then, too, Chattanooga, following in the same half year with Gettysburg in the East and Vicksburg in the West, there was much the same feeling in the South at this time that there had been in the North the fall and winter before.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.To make matters worse for Abraham Lincoln, Lee detached a small army under the command of Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early, hoping it would force Grant to disengage forces to pursue him.^ To make matters worse for Abraham Lincoln , Lee detached a small army under the command of Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , hoping it would force Grant to disengage forces to pursue him.
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^ Union forces would bleed Lee's army.
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^ Thomas relieved him in command of his forces, the Army of the Cumberland.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Early, with 15,000 seasoned troops, invaded north through the Shenandoah Valley, defeated Union Major General Lew Wallace at the Monocacy, and reached the outskirts of Washington, D.C. causing tremendous panic in the area.^ The position of the Union troops on the morning of the 7th was as follows: General Lew.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This causes a major bottleneck in the area.
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^ Early invaded north through the Shenandoah Valley and reached the outskirts of Washington, D.C. .
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.At the urging of Lincoln, Grant dispatched the veteran Union VI Corps and parts of the XIX Corps, led by Major General Horatio Wright.^ The life of U.S. Grant, commanding general of the Union forces in the Civil War, was, in large part, tragic.
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^ Directed by Major General John B. Gordon, the morning assault that captured the fort, but the Union troops, led by Major Generals Parke and Hartranft, rallied and regained the position after a desperate 4-hour struggle.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The North rang with plaudits over this sorely needed victory and Grant was made a Major-General of Volunteers, dating from the fall of Fort Donelson.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.With the Union XXII Corps in place in the Washington D.C. fortifications, Early was unable to take the city.^ Although unable to take the city, Early embarrassed the Administration simply by threatening its inhabitants, making Abraham Lincoln's re-election prospects even bleaker.
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^ Over the next three days, a number of Union assaults to take the city were launched.
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^ One was from the Managers of the Soldiers' Home at Washington, offering for the place of interment a site in the grounds at the Home, carefully selected and on an eminence overlooking the city.
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.The Confederate Army's mere presence close to the capitol embarrassed the Administration simply by threatening its inhabitants, making Abraham Lincoln's re-election prospects even bleaker.^ Early invaded north through the Shenandoah Valley and reached the outskirts of Washington, D.C. Although unable to take the city, Early embarrassed the Administration simply by threatening its inhabitants, making Abraham Lincoln's re-election prospects even bleaker.

^ Although unable to take the city, Early embarrassed the Administration simply by threatening its inhabitants, making Abraham Lincoln's re-election prospects even bleaker.
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^ To make matters worse for Abraham Lincoln , Lee detached a small army under the command of Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , hoping it would force Grant to disengage forces to pursue him.
  • Ulysses S. Grant (1822)/Biography - Familypedia 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC familypedia.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70]
.In early September, the efforts of the Grant's coordinated strategy finally bore fruit.^ In early September, the efforts of Grant's coordinated strategy finally bore fruit.
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^ Before Grant undertook the operations at Vicksburg several attempts upon it had failed, and all his own early efforts were abortive.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.First, Sherman took Atlanta on September 2, 1864. Then, Grant, with Lincoln's full endorsement, ordered Philip Sheridan to the Shenandoah Valley to destroy Early.^ First, Sherman took Atlanta.

^ The following are a list of St. First, Sherman took Atlanta.
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^ While his subordinates Sherman and Sheridan marched through Georgia and the Shenandoah Valley , Grant personally supervised the 1864 Overland Campaign against General Robert E. Lee 's Army in Virginia.

.Finally, on October 19, 1864, after three aggressive and costly battles Early's military force was defeated by "Little Phil" and the Army of the Shenandoah.^ At Salisbury he attacked and defeated a force of the enemy under General Gardiner, capturing fourteen pieces of artillery and one thousand three hundred and sixty-four prisoners, and destroyed large amounts of army stores.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He early went into the army, distinguighed himself in Indian wars, commanded at the battle of Tippecanoe, where he defeated Tecumseh, the Indian chief who was so troulolesome to the settlers.
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^ In early 1874 armed forces of the two rivals clashed on Main Street in Little Rock.

.It became clear to the people of the North that the war was being won, and Lincoln was re-elected by a wide margin.^ It became clear to the people of the North that the war was being won, and Lincoln was re-elected by a wide margin.
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^ But we're human beings, we won't hide it.
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^ After the war, during the summer of 1865, I travelled considerably through the North, and was everywhere met by large numbers of people.
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.Later in November, Sherman began his March to the Sea.^ Later in November, Sherman began his March to the Sea.
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^ Later in November, Sherman began his March to the Sea .
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.Sheridan and Sherman followed the Grant strategy of total war by destroying the economic infrastructures of the Valley and a large swath of Georgia and the Carolinas.^ Sheridan and Sherman both followed Grant's strategy of total war by destroying the economic infrastructures of the Valley and a large swath of Georgia and the Carolinas .
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^ Grant was the first general to attempt such a coordinated strategy in the war and the first to understand the concepts of total war , in which the destruction of an enemy's economic infrastructure that supplied its armies was as important as tactical victories on the battlefield.
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^ While his subordinates Sherman and Sheridan marched through Georgia and the Shenandoah Valley respectively, Grant personally supervised the 1864 Overland Campaign against General Robert E. Lee 's Army in Virginia.
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[71]
This is a black and white portrait photo of General-in-Chief Ulysses S. Grant
General-in-Chief of the Union Army, Ulysses S. Grant in 1865.
.In March 1865, Grant invited Lincoln to visit his headquarters at City Point, Virginia.^ This is in the winter of 1864 at City Point, Virginia.

^ City Point, Va., March 19th, 1865.
  • Letters of Ulysses S. Grant to His Father and His Youngest Sister,1857-78 by Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson) - Pages 1-97 | Lexcycle 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lexcycle.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Arriving at Petersburg, Virginia , first, Grant should have captured the rail junction city, but he failed because of the overly cautious actions of his subordinate William Smith.

.By coincidence, Sherman (then campaigning in North Carolina) happened to visit City Point at the same time.^ Asheville, western North Carolina's largest city.
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^ There was no hour during the day when there was not heavy firing and generally hard fighting at some point on the line, but seldom at all points at the same time.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We had been three years at West Point together, and, after my graduation, for a time in the same regiment.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 4. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/2) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.This allowed for the war's only three-way meeting of Lincoln, Grant, and Sherman, which was memorialized in G.P.A. Healy's famous painting The Peacemakers.^ Only a few months ago Mrs. Grant recalled to my memory an incident with Gen.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Three of the five divisions engaged on Sunday were entirely raw, and many of the men had only received their arms on the way from their States to the field.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Umass memorial painting un foundatoin ulysses s grant funny acts.

[72] .At the beginning of April, Grant's relentless pressure finally forced Lee to evacuate Richmond, and after a nine-day retreat, Lee surrendered his army at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. There, Grant offered generous terms that did much to ease the tensions between the armies and preserve some semblance of Southern pride, which would be needed to reconcile the warring sides.^ But there’s so much to be done between now and then.

^ At the beginning of April 1865, Grant's relentless pressure finally forced Lee to evacuate Richmond, and after a nine-day retreat, Lee surrendered his army at Appomattox Court House on April 9 , 1865 .
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^ In April 1865 Grant's vastly larger army broke through, captured Richmond, and forced Lee to surrender at Appomattox Court House .
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Within a few weeks, the American Civil War was over; minor actions would continue until Kirby Smith surrendered his forces in the Trans-Mississippi Department on June 2, 1865.[28]

Lincoln assassination

.On April 14, 1865 tragedy struck the nation when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theater.^ His last words were a wish that he might have lived to see the completion of the National Memorial to Abraham Lincoln, who was his personal friend.

.Grant at first wanted vengeance on the South; however, he was told by General Edward O.C. Ord that the assassination was not a widespread conspiracy.^ Grant is the first general I have had.

^ However, many of the nervous people wanted to jump first.
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^ It turned out, however, that he had decided his superior's plans were impracticable, and consequently determined to move south from Edwards's Station, and get between me and my base.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ulysees S. Grant: The Vicksburg Campaign 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.17thmissouri.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant had the sad honor of serving as a pallbearer at the funeral on April 19, 1865. Grant stood at attention throughout the entire funeral in front of Lincoln's catafalque and was often moved to crying.^ Immediately after Lee's surrender, Grant had the sad honor of serving as a pallbearer at the funeral of his greatest champion, Abraham Lincoln.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ In April 1865 Grant's vastly larger army broke through, captured Richmond, and forced Lee to surrender at Appomattox Court House .
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^ The college was renamed in 2003 to honor Ira A. This title is often granted by the King.
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.Lincoln was Grant's greatest champion, friend, and military advisor.^ July 4, 1863 , Surrender of Vicksburg - Grant's tour de force as a general, one of greatest military campaigns in history.

^ Immediately after Lee's surrender, Grant had the sad honor of serving as a pallbearer at the funeral of his greatest champion, Abraham Lincoln.

.Lincoln had been quoted after the massive losses at Shiloh as saying, "I can't spare this man.^ Lincoln had been quoted after the massive losses at Shiloh, "I can't spare this general.

^ Lincoln had been quoted after the massive losses at Shiloh as saying, "I can't spare this man.
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^ Abraham Lincoln is quoted as saying Thank God for Michigan!
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He fights." .It was a two-sentence description that completely caught the essence of Ulysses S. Grant.^ It was a two-sentence description that completely caught the essence of Ulysses S. Grant.
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^ Umbrella to fit stroller umdnj 2008 tuition ulysses s grant's physical description um jammer lammy.

^ Grant was born Hiram Ulysses Grant, but changed his name because he did not like his monogram, HUG. Grant once quipped, "I know only two tunes.

[73]

Final promotion

.After the war, on July 25, 1866, Congress authorized the newly created rank of General of the Army of the United States, the equivalent of a full (four-star) general in the modern United States Army.^ The rank of General was not created for him, as stated on p.
  • Ulysses S. Grant Association : Ulysses S. Grant Genealogy 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC library.msstate.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Major General U. S. A. in July 1863, Lieutenant General on March 2, 1864 (the rank having been revived for him), General on July 25, 1866 (the rank having been created for him); secretary of War ad interim 1867-68; President of the United States, 1869-77; removed in 1880 to New York City and became a partner in the banking firm of Grant and Ward; president of the Mexican Southern Railroad; author of "Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant."
  • Ulysses S. Grant Association : Ulysses S. Grant Genealogy 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC library.msstate.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ I had known General Halleck but very slightly in the old army, not having met him either at West Point or during the Mexican war.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[74] .Grant was appointed as such by President Andrew Johnson on the same day.^ Grant was appointed as such by President Andrew Johnson on the same day.

^ To this end, if agreeable to you, I will appoint three commissioners, to meet a like number to be named by yourself, at such place and hour to-day as you may find convenient.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ President Bush appointed Michael D. She doesn't get on well with Grant's daughter Courtney.

Military criticism and controversy

War by attrition

.Grant was a rational tactician who viewed the Civil War Union victory would only come after long and costly battles.^ No Grant, and there is no victory in the Civil War for the Union.

^ Grant's life for a long time to come.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ulysses s grant civil war involvement.

.Although a master of combat by outmaneuvering his opponent (such as at Vicksburg and in the Overland Campaign against Lee), Grant was not afraid to order direct assaults, often when the Confederates were launching offensives against him.^ Although a master of combat by out-maneuvering his opponent (such as at Vicksburg and in the Overland Campaign against Lee), Grant was not afraid to order direct assaults, often when the Confederates were themselves launching offensives against him.
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^ Grant was the undisputed victor of the Vicksburg Campaign.
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^ The total Confederate losses in this Vicksburg campaign were from 42,000 to 45,000, with 60,000 small arms and 260 cannon.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.These tactics often resulted in staggering casualties for Grant's men, particularly at Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor, but they wore down the Confederate forces proportionately more and inflicted irreplaceable losses.^ Grant arrives at the vicinity of Cold Harbor.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such tactics often resulted in heavy casualties for Grant's men, but they wore down the Confederate forces proportionately more and inflicted irreplaceable losses.

^ Cold Harbor was one of Grant's most controversial battles, in which he launched on June 3 a massive three-corps assault without adequate reconnaissance on a well-fortified defensive line, resulting in horrific casualties (3,0007,000 killed, wounded, and missing in the first 40 minutes.

[75] .Grant was more concerned with his own military plans rather than the enemies.^ He could not have done more if the plan had been his own.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
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^ When his military history is analyzed after the lapse of years, it will show, even more clearly than now, he was the steadfast center about and on which everything else turned."

^ Grant more persistent and untiring than in his efforts to maintain a sound system of currency and finance.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[41]
.Many in the North accused Grant as a "butcher", a charge made by Northern civilians appalled at the staggering number of casualties suffered by Union armies for what appeared to be negligible gains, and by Copperheads - Northern Democrats who either favored the Confederacy or simply wanted an end to the war, even at the cost of recognizing Southern independence.^ Copperheads denounced Grant as a "butcher" in 1864, but they wanted the Confederacy to win.

^ Many in the North denounced Grant as a "butcher" in 1864, an accusation made both by Northern civilians appalled at the staggering number of casualties suffered by Union armies for what appeared to be negligible gains, and by Copperheads , Northern Democrats who either favored the Confederacy or simply wanted an end to the war, even at the cost of recognizing Southern independence.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charges made to the grant project.
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.Grant persevered, refusing to withdraw as had his predecessors, and Lincoln, despite public outrage and pressure within the government, stuck by Grant, refusing to replace him.^ For several weeks the nomination hung in the Senate, when I went to Grant and begged him to withdraw the nomination, as I did not want his personal friendship for me to embarrass his Administration.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the announcement, alumnus James J. Ptain, and 57 refused to grant him full powers.
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^ Ptain, and 57 refused to grant him full powers.
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[76] .In a concern for casualties, Grant usually would ask "How many prisoners have been taken?"^ Reply to this comment Comment by D.R. Haney 2010-01-05 22:44:48 Matt, how in the hell (I ask myself, not you) has it taken me this long to address you?

^ How much do they spend on their operating expenses vs. By and large his donors did not ask many questions.
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^ I was offered a chance, and would’ve taken it, if only because of how “subversive” I considered such an idea, but the offer collapsed.

after a battle. This was meant to signify that Grant would rather have living prisoners then horrific losses. .At the Petersburg siege Grant resolved to keep casualties minimal.^ VIII. The Siege of Petersburg Grant now sat down to a siege of Petersburg.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[77]

Drunkeness

.Allegations of Grant's drunkness were rampant during the Vicksburg Campaign.^ Grant was the undisputed victor of the Vicksburg Campaign.
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^ July 4, 1863 , Surrender of Vicksburg - Grant's tour de force as a general, one of greatest military campaigns in history.

^ Vicksburg Campaign:At this point, Grant faced a decision.
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.In March 1863, prior to capturing Vicksburg, Grant was accused of being drunk by his rival, Major-General John A. McClernand.^ February 17th, 1862 , Grant receives his two star rank of Major General of Volunteers .

^ His strategy in the campaign to capture Vicksburg in 1863 is considered one of the most masterful in military history.

^ Directed by Major General John B. Gordon, the morning assault that captured the fort, but the Union troops, led by Major Generals Parke and Hartranft, rallied and regained the position after a desperate 4-hour struggle.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

.McClernland had used information gathered by William J. Kounts that Grant was "gloriously drunk" on March 13. Even earlier, in February, Major-General Charles S. Hamilton had claimed "Grant is a drunkard" and that his wife Julia was always there to keep him from drinking.^ Grant' 'Shadows Anthology edited by Charles L. It does not include transfers to a general or similar fund.

^ Grant's most hostile biographer, William McFeely, states forthrightly that Grant was lying, but there is no independent evidence of this.'

^ His weak condition never put him on the sick-report when there was a battle in prospect, as long as he could keep on his feet.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
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.McClernland and Hamilton were seeking promotion in the army at the time of these allegations.^ In making these recommendations I do not wish the claims of General G. M. Dodge for promotion forgotten, but recommend his name to be sent in at the same time.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I would not like to see one of these promotions at this time without seeing both.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Cincinnati Commercial editor, Murat Halstead, railed that "Our whole Army of the Mississippi is being wasted by a foolish, drunken, stupid Grant". Out of concern President Abraham Lincoln sent Charles A. Dana to keep a watchful eye on Grant's drinking reputation.^ The watch, a large silver 'bull's-eye' worn by him on that occasion has been an heirloom in our family, passing at my mother's death to my brother Charles.
  • Ulysses S. Grant Association : Ulysses S. Grant Genealogy 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC library.msstate.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ To make matters worse for Abraham Lincoln , Lee detached a small army under the command of Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , hoping it would force Grant to disengage forces to pursue him.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An apocryphal story about Grant's drinking has the general's critics going to President Lincoln, charging the military man with being a drunk.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ironically, Grant's superior and critic, General in Chief Henry W. Halleck, became Grant's protector and kept Grant informed about things going on in Washington.^ Halleck becoming General-in Chief at Washington in July, Grant was left at Corinth in charge of the Department of West Tennessee with about 60,000 men, afterward reduced about a third by reinforcements sent to Buell in Tennessee.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We need to think critically about these things and take it a step further…does it really matter??
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^ "At Dinwiddie Court House," said he, "came Grant's order about ending the battle before going back.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Halleck told Grant that, "The eyes and hopes of the whole country are now directed toward your Army."^ To Grant, however, the deliberate launching of his whole army as a movable column upon a new line in the rear of Vicksburg was attractive by virtue of its boldness.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant directed Sherman to drive through the South while he himself, with the Army of the Potomac, pinned down General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.

^ And I hope the pictures in your head have become a bit more insane now, Z., but in a good way.

.To save Grant from dismissal, assistant Adjutant General John A. Rawlins, Grant's friend, got Grant to pledge not to touch alcohol.^ The next year a "medal of valor" was created for the Army thanks to the efforts of Edward D. Townsend, Assistant Adjutant General.

^ John Singleton Mosby (1833-1916), a southerner, praised General Grant's attributes as a person.

^ The Confederate commander, Brigadier General Simon B. Buckner , an old friend of Grant's, yielded to Grant's hard conditions of "no terms except unconditional and immediate surrender."

[78]

.General Order No.^ There would then have been no difficulty in advancing the centre and right so as to form a new line well up to the enemy, but Pope was ordered back to conform with the general line.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The food which he took was as a general thing liquid, and he seemed to have no relish for it, taking it only because it was ordered by his doctors, as he took medicine.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The most frequently cited example is the infamous General Order No.
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11 and antisemitism

Allegations of antisemitism -- "a blot on Grant's reputation" [79] -- arose in the wake of the infamous .General Order No.^ There would then have been no difficulty in advancing the centre and right so as to form a new line well up to the enemy, but Pope was ordered back to conform with the general line.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The food which he took was as a general thing liquid, and he seemed to have no relish for it, taking it only because it was ordered by his doctors, as he took medicine.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The most frequently cited example is the infamous General Order No.
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11 (1862)">.General Order No.^ There would then have been no difficulty in advancing the centre and right so as to form a new line well up to the enemy, but Pope was ordered back to conform with the general line.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The food which he took was as a general thing liquid, and he seemed to have no relish for it, taking it only because it was ordered by his doctors, as he took medicine.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The most frequently cited example is the infamous General Order No.
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.11, issued by Grant in Oxford, Mississippi, on December 17, 1862, during the Vicksburg Campaign.^ Grant was the undisputed victor of the Vicksburg Campaign.
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^ Grant's headquarters in Oxford, Mississippi , on December 17 , 1862 , during the early Vicksburg Campaign .

^ Vicksburg: In the campaign to capture the Mississippi River fortress of Vicksburg, Mississippi , Grant spent the winter of 18621863 conducting a series of operations to gain access to the city through the region's bayous.

The order stated in part:
.The Jews, as a class, violating every regulation of trade established by the Treasury Department, and also Department orders, are hereby expelled from the Department (comprising areas of Tennessee, Mississippi, and Kentucky).^ The Jews, as a class, violating every regulation of trade established by the Treasury Department, and also Department orders, are hereby expelled from the Department (comprising areas of Tennessee , Mississippi , and Kentucky ).
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^ The publication of his order in the press was in violation of War Department orders and also of mine.
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^ The Department of Trade and Industry, Kalibo, Aklan revealed that the top seller in the fair was Region 6 comprised by the provinces of Western Visayas.
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The New York Times denounced the order as "humiliating" and a "revival of the spirit of the medieval ages." Its editorial column called for the "utter reprobation" of Grant's order.[80] .After protest from Jewish leaders, the order was rescinded by President Lincoln on January 3, 1863.[81] Though Grant initially maintained that a staff officer issued it in his name, it was suggested by Gen.^ Grant maintained that he was unaware that a staff officer issued it in his name.

^ The order was almost immediately rescinded by President Lincoln.

^ Grant served on the staff of Gen.
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.James H. Wilson that Grant may have issued the order in order to strike indirectly at the "lot of relatives who were always trying to use him" (for example his father Jesse Grant who was in business with Jewish traders), and perhaps struck instead at what he maliciously saw as their counterpart — opportunistic traders who were Jewish.^ Grant, Wilson felt, could not strike back directly at the "lot of relatives who were always trying to use him" and perhaps struck instead at what he maliciously saw as their counterpartopportunistic traders who were Jewish.

^ I definitely use my platform to try to make a difference, but with NCLB, test scores are EVERYTHING. There many parents who do a commendable job with their children.
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^ There is a lot of material, but it's mostly in the book--the two massive volumes written by the journalist who went around the world with him, John Russell Young.

[82] .Bertram Korn suggests the order was part of a consistent pattern.^ Although it was portrayed as being outside the normal inclinations and character of Grant, it has been suggested by Bertram Korn that the order was part of a consistent pattern.
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."This was not the first discriminatory order [Grant] had signed [...] he was firmly convinced of the Jews' guilt and was eager to use any means of ridding himself of them."^ Jews' guilt and was eager to use any means of ridding himself of them."

^ Umb information policy security mailto umb lymberopoulos umd senior summer housing duluth minnesota ulysses grant order jews Uma nj.

^ Grant signed a bill into law that created Yellowstone National Park (America's first National Park) on March 1 , 1872 .

[83] .During the campaign of 1868, Grant admitted the order was his, but maintained, "It would never have been issued if it had not been telegraphed the moment it were penned, and without reflection."^ Grant" would be issued.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Campaign of 1876 During the canvass which followed the conventions of 1876 the Government took measures for the preservation of order and the protection of rights in the South.
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^ During the Late-2000s recession, President George W. The grant project as reflected in the project agreement.
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[84]
.The order, ostensibly in response to illegal Southern cotton smuggling, has been described by one modern historian as "the most blatant official episode of anti-Semitism in nineteenth-century American history."^ Andrew Jackson is one of the most picturesque characters in American history.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His strategy in the campaign to capture Vicksburg in 1863 is considered one of the most masterful in military history.

^ Jazz Age America: Directory of 1920's America Resources Academic Info Modern American History http://www.academicinfo.net/usmodjazz.html .

[85]
.Antisemitism became an issue during the 1868 presidential campaign.^ Dewey during his 1948 presidential campaign.
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^ Wright's term ended in 1988 and Dr. Dewey during his 1948 presidential campaign.
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^ The issue of anti-Semitism was raised during the 1868 presidential campaign , and Grant consulted with several Jewish community leaders, all of whom said they were convinced that Order 11 was an anomaly, and he was not an anti-Semite.
  • What is Ulysses S. Grant? 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC ipedia.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Though Jewish opinion was mixed, Grant's determination to "woo" Jewish voters ultimately resulted in his capturing the majority of that vote, though "Grant did lose some Jewish votes as a result of" the order.^ The pursuit was kept up for some thirty miles, but did not result in the capture of any material of war or prisoners, unless a few stragglers who had fallen behind and were willing captives.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant County voters voted for George W. The new development must be away from the cities.

^ Grant County voters voted for George W. Michelangelo Signorile, which outed Forbes as a gay man.

[86] .Grant appointed more Jewish persons to public office than any president before him.^ Grant remained in the office of President.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1869 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Bassett U.S. minister to Haiti and the Dominican Republic, giving the United States its first black diplomat.

^ No trait of Grant was more marked than the heartiness with which he praised the success achieved by those to whom he had intrusted important tasks.
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[87] .Although Grant's order was anti-Jewish, Grant had many Jewish friends.^ So Grant was-- mar--Grant had many friends on the -- South--on the other side--friends and acquaintances on the other side of the great divide in the Civil War.

^ Although it was portrayed as being outside the normal inclinations and character of Grant, it has been suggested by Bertram Korn that the order was part of a consistent pattern.

^ Morton of New YorkSenator William B. Grant did not work out, although they remain close friends.
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.One such friend was Joseph Seligman, whom Grant offered the position as Secretary of the Treasury, which Seligman declined.^ Grant also offers one-on-one instructions and clinics.
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^ He was shocked that the name of his old friend, to whom he had been a benefactor, whom he had trusted fully, should be connected with any such scheme.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant drove Joseph E. Johnston (whom had recovered from his wounds and assumed overall command.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

.Seligman had helped finance the Union war effort by obtaining European capital.^ For some time in border states, the way Democrats had financed their political campaigns was to siphon off some of the whiskey tax that was imposed during the Civil War as a way of helping to finance the war.

[88]

1868 presidential campaign

This a black and white portrait poster of Grant during the 1868 presidential election.
This is an 1868 presidential campaign poster for Ulysses S. Grant, created by superimposing a portrait of Grant onto the platform of the Republican Party.
.As commanding general of the army, Grant had a difficult relationship with President Andrew Johnson, a Southern Democrat, who preferred a moderate approach to relations with the South.^ Grant was appointed as such by President Andrew Johnson on the same day.

^ Grant was named president of Southern Pacific.

^ Grant and Johnson : As commander in chief of the army, Grant had a difficult relationship with President Johnson.

.Johnson tried to use Grant to defeat the Radical Republicans by making Grant the Secretary of War in place of Edwin M. Stanton, whom he could not remove without the approval of Congress under the Tenure of Office Act.^ Johnson tried to use Grant to defeat the Radical Republicans by making Grant the Secretary of War in place of Edwin M. Stanton , whom he could not remove without the approval of Congress under the Tenure of Office Act .

^ After attempting to remove Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, in apparent violation of the new Tenure of Office Act, Johnson had been impeached by the House of Representatives in 1868.

^ Stanton Dismissal : Secretary of War Stanton had been working with the Radicals from the beginning of Johnsons presidency.

.Grant refused but kept his military command.^ Grant refused but kept his military command.
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^ Nevertheless the latter accepted the command of the new military division with headquarters at Washington, which the President had created for the purpose of humiliating Grant.
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^ Kiplinger family--founder W. - http://freemoneycnz.hostse.com/free-government-grant-money-for-refugees-n98140819.html "> alright free government grant money for refugees get Grant refused but kept his military command.
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.This made him a hero to the Radical Republicans, who gave him the Republican nomination for president in 1868. He was chosen as the Republican presidential candidate at the 1868 Republican National Convention in Chicago; he faced no significant opposition.^ When the Republican National Convention met in Chicago on the 20th of May, 1868, there was no thought of any other candidate.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That made him a hero to the Radicals, who gave him the Republican nomination for president in 1868.

^ May 21, 1868 , Nominated as a candidate for President by the Republican National Convention in Chicago.

.In his letter of acceptance to the party, Grant concluded with "Let us have peace," which became his campaign slogan.^ His letter of acceptance to the Republican convention had exhorted: Let us have peace.

^ Let us have peace."
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his letter of acceptance to the party, Grant concluded with "Let us have peace," which became the Republican campaign slogan.

.In the general election of that year, Grant won against former New York Governor Horatio Seymour with a lead of 300,000 votes out of 5,716,082 votes cast.^ Brown a former General and Governor of Tennessee.
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^ In the general election that year , he won against former New York governor Horatio Seymour with a lead of 300,000 out of a total of 5,716,082 votes cast but by a commanding 214 Electoral College votes to 80.

^ Niwa generation for the last 300 years.
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.However, Grant commanded an Electoral College landslide, receiving 214 votes to Seymour's 80. When he assumed the presidency, Grant had never before held elected office and, at the age of 46, was the youngest person yet elected president.^ When he entered the White House, he was politically inexperienced and, at age 46, the youngest man yet elected president.

^ The president of the college is Grant H. However, the workweek is responsive to business conditions.
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^ Of the Electoral votes, 214 were cast for Grant and 80 for Seymour.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

Presidency 1869–1877

.The second President from Ohio, Grant was elected the 18th President of the United States in 1868, and was re-elected to the office in 1872. Grant served as President from March 4, 1869, to March 4, 1877. In his re-election campaign, Grant benefited from the loyal support of Harper's Weekly political cartoonist Thomas Nast and later sent Nast a deluxe edition of Grant's autobiography when it was finished.^ Presidents are elected indirectly in the United States.
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^ His father was twice elected President of the United States, the Rev. Mr.
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^ United States presidential election.
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[89] .Grant's notable accomplishments as President include the enforcement of Civil Rights to African Americans, the Treaty of Washington in 1871, and the Resumption of Specie Act in 1875. Grant's reputation as President suffered from scandals caused by many corrupt appointees and personal associates and for the ruined economy caused by the Panic of 1873.^ Grant's first term as President was characterized by the successful negotiation and execution of the treaty of Washington and its scheme of arbitration, the failure of the project for annexing San Domingo, the completion of reconstruction and a consistent adherence to the policy of protecting life and political rights in the South, a firm advocacy of honesty in the payment of the public debt in coin, and of a speedy return to specie payments.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was met with opposition so fierce that troops had to be sent to ensure its enforcement.
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^ Grant is an autobiography of American President Ulysses S. Awesome work, well put together blog!
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A Thomas Nast cartoon depicting Grant steering a ship and being challenged by opponents during presidential election of 1872.
Cartoon by Thomas Nast on Grant's opponents in the re-election campaign

Domestic policies

Reconstruction

.Grant presided over the last half of Reconstruction.^ Grant presided over the last half of Reconstruction.
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^ Stefano Rotondo on the Caelian Hill, and of S. Grant presided over the last half of Reconstruction.

^ Policies : Grant presided over the last half of Reconstruction , watching as the Democrats (called Redeemers ) took control of every state away from his Republican coalition.

.In the late 1870s, he watched as the Democrats (called Redeemers) took the control of every state away from his Republican coalition.^ Policies : Grant presided over the last half of Reconstruction , watching as the Democrats (called Redeemers ) took control of every state away from his Republican coalition.

^ Democrats took the stock; Republicans took the stock.

^ Whites talk Democrat and Republican but watch what they vote for, they don’t vote parties they vote priorities.
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.When urgent telegrams from state leaders begged for help to put down the waves of violence by paramilitary groups surrounding elections, Grant's Attorney General, Edwards Pierrepont, replied that "the whole public is tired of these annual autumnal outbreaks in the South,"[90] saying that state militias should handle the problems, not the Army.^ In directing the Attorney-General to reply to Ames the President said: "The whole public are tired out with these annual Autumnal outbreaks in the South, and the great majority are ready now to condemn any interference on the part of the Government.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When urgent telegrams from state leaders begged for help, Grant and his attorney general replied that "the whole public is tired of these annual autumnal outbreaks in the South," saying that state militias should handle the problems, not the Army.

^ Office of the Surgeon General (1871) Army Weather Bureau (currently known as the National Weather Service ) (1870) Election of 1872 : Toward the end of his first administration, Grant's Southern policy, coupled with public scandals involving his political advisers and appointees, led to widespread public disapproval.

.He supported amnesty for former Confederates and signed the Amnesty Act of 1872 to further this.^ Amnesty Act for ex-Confederates passed (1872).

^ He supported amnesty for Confederate leaders and protection for the civil rights of African-Americans.

[91] .He favored a limited number of troops to be stationed in the South—sufficient numbers to protect Southern African Americans, suppress the violent tactics of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), and prop up Republican governors, but not so many as to create resentment in the general population.^ The population in general is not in favor of cults.

^ He favored a limited number of troops to be stationed in the Southsufficient numbers to protect rights of southern blacks, suppress the violent tactics of the Ku Klux Klan , and prop up Republican governors, but not so many as to create resentment in the general population.

^ Throughout Reconstruction, the Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist groups conducted terrorist attacks on African Americans and their allies to limit Republican political power and restrict black opportunities.

.Grant confronted a Northern public tired of committing to the long war in the South, violent paramilitary organizations in the late 1870s, and a factional Republican Party.^ Grant confronted an apathetic Northern public, violent terrorist organizations in the South, and a factional Republican party.

^ When urgent telegrams from state leaders begged for help, Grant and his attorney general replied that "the whole public is tired of these annual autumnal outbreaks in the South," saying that state militias should handle the problems, not the Army.

^ In his letter of acceptance to the party, Grant concluded with "Let us have peace," which became the Republican campaign slogan.

Civil and human rights

Grant giving oath of office to Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase during second Inaugruation.
Grant's second inauguration as President by Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase on March 4, 1873.
.A distinguishing characteristic in the Grant Presidency was Grant's concern with the plight of African Americans and native Indian tribes, in addition to civil rights for all Americans.^ It was made a federal crime to interfere with civil rights, and the president was authorized to declare martial law (government by the military) where there was severe disorder.

^ Grant is an autobiography of American President Ulysses S. Amsterdam had thereby the decisive voice.
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^ Grant's most famous horse during the American Civil War.
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.Grant's 1868 campaign slogan, "Let us have peace," defined his motivation and assured his success.^ Let us have peace."
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his letter of acceptance to the party, Grant concluded with "Let us have peace," which became the Republican campaign slogan.

^ Umax astra 1220 ume ling hing mui candies ulyesses simpson grant's presidential campaign slogan.

.As president for two terms, Grant made many advances in civil and human rights.^ It was made a federal crime to interfere with civil rights, and the president was authorized to declare martial law (government by the military) where there was severe disorder.

^ Grant's Administration in the highest terms, declared itself "unalterably opposed to the election to the Presidency of any person for a third term."
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mitra, human rights advocate and former senator Rene V. Marco Polo wrote that the money was made of mulberry bark.

.In 1869 and 1871, Grant signed bills promoting voting rights and prosecuting Klan leaders.^ In 1869 and 1871, Grant signed bills promoting voting rights and prosecuting Klan leaders.

^ Democrats opposed the 13th (1865), 14th (1866), and 15th (1869) Amendments to end slavery, make blacks citizens, and to grant blacks the right to vote (Radical and Moderate Republicans helped draft and passed these Amendments) .
  • Bossip.com » Archive Is Bill Cosby An Uncle Tom????? « 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.bossip.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first law that he signed, in March 1869, established the value of the greenback currency issued during the Civil War, pledging to redeem the bills in gold.

He won passage of the Fifteenth Amendment, which gave freedmen the vote, and the Ku Klux Klan Act, which empowered the president "to arrest and break up disguised night marauders."[92]
Grant continued to fight for African Americans civil rights when he pressed for the former slaves to be "possessed of the civil rights which citizenship should carry with it." However, by 1874 a new wave of paramilitary organizations arose in the Deep South. .The Red Shirts and White League, that conducted insurgency in Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Louisiana, operated openly and were better organized than the Ku Klux Klan had been.^ Greene headed to the north-central section of South Carolina to aid any guerrilla activity.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ North Country scored better than average in reading.

^ Where is saluto north carolina where is taylorsville mississippi where it's happening 1d.
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.They aimed to turn Republicans out of office, suppress the black vote, and disrupt elections.^ They turned out to be very wrong.
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^ Whites talk Democrat and Republican but watch what they vote for, they don’t vote parties they vote priorities.
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^ In addition to this, the Republicans will likely search out a Secretary of State in the mold of Katherine Harris or Ken Blackwell that will politicize the office to the hilt, in addition to stacking the county election commissions with Republicans who think poor and black people ought best leave it up to others to decide who their representatives will be.

.In response to the renewed violent outbreaks against African Americans Grant was the first President to sign a congressional civil rights act.^ Grant is an autobiography of American President Ulysses S. Amsterdam had thereby the decisive voice.
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^ The first law that he signed, in March 1869, established the value of the greenback currency issued during the Civil War, pledging to redeem the bills in gold.

^ Grant's most famous horse during the American Civil War.
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.The law was titled the Civil Rights Act of 1875,[93] which entitled equal treatment in public accommodations and jury selection.^ Civil Rights Law of the 21st Century.
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^ There are three schools in the town: St. Civil Rights Law of the 21st Century.

^ After the assassination of civil rights leader Dr. As dowry, he gave his son-in-law one of his two shops.
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.Grant's attempts to provide justice to Native Americans marked a radical reversal of what had long been the government's policy: "Wars of extermination...^ Secretary of War William W. Belknap was discovered to have taken bribes in exchange for the sale of Native American trading posts .

^ In her book In Defense of Internment she attempts to defend the policies that led to the U.S. government uprooting 112,000 Japanese Americans into camps during WWII. As you may have assumed, Maulkin's ties to white supremacy are vast.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Umd rips umpcamp records ump dirt racing umbrella sales in lynnwood wa umbrella spacer ulysses grant native american ulupi choksi.

are demoralizing and wicked," he nobly told Congress. .The president lobbied, though not always successfully, to preserve Native American lands from encroachment by the westward advance of pioneers.^ It wasn't until nearly 100 years later that a U. S. President (Lyndon Johnson) did anything to further secure the rights of Native and African-Americans.

^ This is certainly one of the most important moves by a U. S. President to secure the freedoms of African-Americans and Native Americans.

[94]

Panic of 1873

.The Panic of 1873 was a world wide depression that started when the stock market in Vienna, Austria crashed, in June 1873. Unsettled markets soon spread to Berlin, Germany and throughout Europe.^ It was finished when the worst of the world-wide financial depression was upon us.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Panic of 1873 pushed the nation into a depression that Grant was helpless to reverse.

^ The coffee culture has shown a spread throughout the world.
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.Three months later the Panic spread to the United States when three major banks stopped making payments, the New York Warehouse & Security Company on September 8, Kenyon, Cox, & Co.^ See list of United States companies by state.
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^ Later, the pair left for New York to trap Jeffrey.
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^ In the context of world economic structures, the United States is by far the most capitalist among all the world's major industrialized nations.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

on the .13th, and the largest bank Jay Cooke & Company on September 18. On September 20, the New York Stock Exchange shut down for ten days.^ His body lies in New York City 's Riverside Park , beside that of his wife, in Grant's Tomb , overlooking the Hudson River in New York City, the largest mausoleum in North America .

^ Grant and I go on to New York City on Mon­day night to meet Nel­lie and bring her home.
  • Letters of Ulysses S. Grant to His Father and His Youngest Sister,1857-78 by Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson) - Pages 1-97 | Lexcycle 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lexcycle.com [Source type: Original source]

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.All of these events created a depression that lasted 5 years in the United States, ruined thousands of businesses, depressed daily wages by 25% from 1873 to 1876, and brought the unemployment rate up to an extremely high 14%.^ It is for these people that the business grant was created.
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^ Foreclosure is at an all time high across the United States.
  • Bossip.com » Archive Is Bill Cosby An Uncle Tom????? « 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.bossip.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the context of world economic structures, the United States is by far the most capitalist among all the world's major industrialized nations.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

.An astounding 89 out of 364 American Railroads would go bankrupt.^ Sherman then said that was the very place he would go to, and would move by railroad from Memphis to Grenada, repairing the road as we advanced.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have no idea where we will live on our re­turn, and if we should go back in the fall we would have to de­ter­mine the ques­tion with­out de­lay.
  • Letters of Ulysses S. Grant to His Father and His Youngest Sister,1857-78 by Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson) - Pages 1-97 | Lexcycle 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lexcycle.com [Source type: Original source]

It would take decades before wages would rise to pre-1873 levels. In Boston, soup line kitchens run by Overseers of the Poor doubled in overcrowded city tenements.[95][96][97]
.The causes of the panic in the United States included over expansion in the railroad industry after the Civil War, losses in the Chicago and Boston fires of 1871 and 1872, respectively, and an insatiable speculation by Wall Street financiers.^ Everywhere he was well received, not as the former president of the United States, but as the hero of the Civil War.

^ In the context of world economic structures, the United States is by far the most capitalist among all the world's major industrialized nations.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shortly after the Civil War many of the major cities like Boston and New York began to make their fire departments government run, insuring everyone in the city was covered by its services.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

.All of this growth was done on borrowed money by many banks in the United States having over speculated in the Railroad industry by as much as $20,000,000 in loans.^ In the context of world economic structures, the United States is by far the most capitalist among all the world's major industrialized nations.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All have a proud record, and all sections can well congratulate themselves and each other for having done their full share in restoring the supremacy of law over every foot of territory belonging to the United States.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 6. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 4/4) 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PERRET: All kinds of places, but mostly in England and the United States.

.Grant, who knew little about finance, relied on bankers for advise on how to curb the panic.^ The General knew what was about to be done, and little was said about it.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, Grant knew little about finance and was inconsistent in his monetary policy.

^ It's all about how to choose a proper partner who uses your money in a right way - that is incorporate it in real deals, and shares the profit with me.
  • http://hobbycreative.fr/index.php?option=com_simplestforum&view=postlist&Itemid=117&lang=en 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC hobbycreative.fr [Source type: General]

.Secretary of Treasury, William A. Richardson, responded by liquidating a series of outstanding bonds.^ Changes in the Cabinet The only change in the Cabinet at the beginning of the second term was caused by the retirement of Secretary Boutwell, who was succeeded by William M. Richardson, of Massachusetts.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also in 1873, Grant's secretary of the treasury, William A. Richardson, came under fire for an irregular tax collection scheme, known as the Sanborn Contracts.

The banks in turn issued short term clearing house certificates to be used as cash. .By October 1, $50,000,000 had been released into a stringent economy without undermining the value of the dollar.^ Without going into details, the sense I get from them is that they are very worried that the economy will get a lot worse before it gets better.

By January 10, 1874 Richardson continued to liquidate bonds that released a total of $26,000,000 of greenback reserves into the economy. .Although this curbed the Panic on Wall Street it did nothing to stop the ensuing five year depression.^ In 1874, he vetoed a bill to increase the amount of a legal tender currency, which defused the currency crisis on Wall Street but did little to help the economy as a whole.

.Grant did nothing to prevent the panic and responded slowly after the banks crashed in September.^ Umc pku code ulysses grant bayard umass life flight crash ulx standard wireless sysstem umbilical cord bank.

.The limited action of Secretary Richardson did nothing to increase confidence in the general economy.^ But this did not justify the dispatches which General Halleck sent to Washington, or his subsequent concealment of them from me when pretending to explain the action of my superiors.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1874, he vetoed a bill to increase the amount of a legal tender currency, which defused the currency crisis on Wall Street but did little to help the economy as a whole.

^ Still, the Kentucky Legislature did not take ill this friendly communication from Grant, which seemed to confidently call for patriotic action on its part.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[97][98][99]

Vetoes inflation bill

A Thomas Nast cartoon depicting President Grant after vetoeing the Inflation bill.
Political cartoon by Thomas Nast: Grant congratulated for vetoing the "inflation bill" on April 22, 1874.
.After the Panic of 1873, Congress debated an inflationary policy to stimulate the economy and passed the Inflation Bill on April 14, 1874. The bill would release an additional $100,000,000 into the nation's tight money supply.^ Not all 'money bills' are necessarily supply bills.
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^ Monetary inflation is an increase in the money supply.
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^ An important opportunity came to him in April, 1874, when Congress passed the bill "to fix the amount of United States notes and the circulation of national banks," known as the Inflation bill.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many farmers and working men in the South West were anticipating Grant to sign the bill in order to get the needed greenbacks to continue business.^ The first law that he signed, in March 1869, established the value of the greenback currency issued during the Civil War, pledging to redeem the bills in gold.

^ The campaign continued, but Lee, anticipating Grant's move, beat him to Spotsylvania, Virginia , where, on May 8 , the fighting resumed.

^ Grant signed a bill into law that created Yellowstone National Park (America's first National Park) on March 1 , 1872 .

Eastern bankers favored a veto because their reliance on bonds and foreign investors. .On April 22, 1874 Grant unexpectedly vetoed the bill, against popular pressure to sign, on the fiscal grounds that it would destroy the credit of the nation.^ Now had Grant ever expressed any desire to have his wife buried with him at West Point, I have no doubt that Congress would have passed whatever bill was necessary.

^ Grant signed a bill into law that created Yellowstone National Park (America's first National Park) on March 1 , 1872 .

^ An important opportunity came to him in April, 1874, when Congress passed the bill "to fix the amount of United States notes and the circulation of national banks," known as the Inflation bill.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Initially Grant had favored the bill, but decided to veto after evaluating his own reasons for wanting to pass the bill.^ Yet, if the administration wants a strong public option for health care, it must stick this bill through even if it passes 51-49.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant apparently hitting Mr. Ned, the Patent Office decided in Stuart's favor.

^ While he was President he did not receive visitors on Sunday for the very good and practical reason that he wanted the day to himself to attend to his own private business.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[100][101]

Foreign policies

Santo Domingo

.Although a small island in the Atlantic Ocean, Santo Domingo, now Haiti, was the source of bitter political discussion and controversy during Grant's first term in office.^ Ulysses s grant and santo domingo.

^ In 1869 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Bassett U.S. minister to Haiti and the Dominican Republic, giving the United States its first black diplomat.

^ Now he would not be permitted to serve his term in office.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Grant wanted to annex the island to allow Freedmen, oppressed in the United States, to work, and to force Brazil to abandon slavery.^ Grant, president of the United States.
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^ Are you claiming people are allowing their homes to be taken away because they don’t want to work?
  • Bossip.com » Archive Is Bill Cosby An Uncle Tom????? « 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.bossip.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time he hoped that U.S. ownership of the island would urge nearby Cuba and Haiti to abandon slavery.

.Senator Charles Sumner was opposed to annexation because it would reduce the amount of autonomous nations run by Africans in the western hemisphere.^ It appeared that there would not be enough Senators opposed to President Johnson to make out a case.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Senate refused to ratify it because of ( Foreign Relations Committee Chairman) Senator Charles Sumner 's strong opposition.

^ In exchange for your accomodating services, the Nigerian National Petroleum Company would agree to allow you to retain 10%, or US$4 million of this amount.
  • Bossip.com » Archive Is Bill Cosby An Uncle Tom????? « 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.bossip.com [Source type: Original source]

.Also disputed was the unscrupulous annexation process under the supervision of Grant's private secretary Orville E. Babcock.^ Among the more than 200 people involved was Orville E. Babcock, Grant's private secretary and formerly his aide-de-camp during the Civil War.

^ Grant's intercession saved Babcock from conviction and allowed him to resume his secretarial duties for a time.

^ Orville E. Babcock , the private secretary to the President, was indicted as a member of the ring but escaped conviction because of a presidential pardon.

.The annexation treaty was defeated by the Senate in 1871, however, it led to unending political enmity between Senator Sumner and Grant.^ Third Term Attempt in 1880 : In 1879, the "Stalwart" faction of the Republican Party led by Senator Roscoe Conkling sought to nominate Grant for a third term as president.

^ Grant died in 1972, at age 96, his nationwide empire of W. Political battles raged between two factions.

^ The opposition to the treaties was led by Senator Sumner, who had been estranged from the President by the recall of his friend Motley from the English mission.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[102]

Treaty of Washington

.Possibly the greatest achievement of the Grant Administration was the Treaty of Washington in 1871, finally settling the Alabama Claims dispute between England and the United States.^ Alabama' Claims referred to arbitration (1871).

^ Grant, president of the United States.
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^ In foreign affairs, a notable achievement of the Grant administration was the 1871 Treaty of Washington , negotiated by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish .

.Grant’s able Secretary of State Hamilton Fish had orchestrated many of the events leading up to the treaty.^ In foreign affairs, a notable achievement of the Grant administration was the 1871 Treaty of Washington , negotiated by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish .

^ Grant, and voted thanks to him and his army, as did many of the Legislatures of the Northern States.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ E-Foreign Policy : Only in the conduct of foreign affairs, where Grant largely followed the advice of Hamilton Fish, was his administration at all remarkable.

.The main purpose of the arbitration treaty was to remedy the damages done to American merchants by three Confederate war ships, CSS Florida, CSS Alabama, and CSS Shenandoah made under British jurisdiction.^ The long controversy with Britain over payment for damages inflicted during the Civil War by the Alabama and other British-built Confederate ships was submitted for international arbitration in 1871.

^ The negotiation with Great Britain for the settlement of the difficulties relating to the Alabama claims and the fisheries resulted in the treaty of Washington in 1871 and the subsequent arbitration at Geneva.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It settled American claims against Britain concerning the wartime activities of the British-built Confederate raider CSS Alabama .

.These ships had inflicted tremendous damage to U.S. merchant ships during the Civil War with the result that relations between Britain and the United States was severely strained.^ Republican Spain during the Civil War.
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^ The first law that he signed, in March 1869, established the value of the greenback currency issued during the Civil War, pledging to redeem the bills in gold.

^ Grant's most famous horse during the American Civil War.
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[103]
.Negotiations began in January 1871 when Britain sent Sir John Rose to America to meet with Secretary Fish.^ The negotiation with Great Britain for the settlement of the difficulties relating to the Alabama claims and the fisheries resulted in the treaty of Washington in 1871 and the subsequent arbitration at Geneva.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In foreign affairs, a notable achievement of the Grant administration was the 1871 Treaty of Washington , negotiated by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish .

.A joint high commission was created on February 1871 in Washington D.C., consisting of representatives from the United Kingdom and the United States.^ Washington knew, at the same time, as did Madison, that religion, legally united with the state, is no aid either to "virtue or morality."
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ General Status : Congress, although unofficially given to George Washington during the American Revolution, first officially created the title of general, in the United States in 1799.

^ In foreign affairs, a notable achievement of the Grant administration was the 1871 Treaty of Washington , negotiated by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish .

.The commission created a treaty where an international Tribunal would settle the damage amounts and the British admitted regret, rather than fault, over the destructive actions of the Confederate war cruisers.^ Bragg, in his official report of the battle of Shiloh, declared that the Confederate movement was one which, if successful, "would have changed the entire complexion of the war."
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I forgot…too many of “our people” would rather blame someone else for problems than actually resolve the problems themselves.
  • Bossip.com » Archive Is Bill Cosby An Uncle Tom????? « 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.bossip.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Fascism was more popular throughout Europe than many would care to admit.

.President Grant approved and on May 24, 1871, the Senate ratified the Treaty of Washington.^ Nevertheless the latter accepted the command of the new military division with headquarters at Washington, which the President had created for the purpose of humiliating Grant.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Going over the approved ordinance, the term "presiding officer" has been mentioned several times which may make its meaning so blurred to the members themselves.
  • MADYAAS PEN, The Panay's Reliable Newsweekly: June 2007 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC madyaaspublishing.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The negotiation with Great Britain for the settlement of the difficulties relating to the Alabama claims and the fisheries resulted in the treaty of Washington in 1871 and the subsequent arbitration at Geneva.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[103] .At the end of arbitration, on September 9, 1871, the international Tribunal members awarded United States $15,500,000. Historian Amos Elwood Corning noted that the Treaty of Washington and arbitration “bequeathed to the world a priceless legacy”.^ United States and the world to audiences overseas.
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^ This was followed in September by a circular of instructions from the Attorney-General to United States Marshals respecting their duties.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Revised Regulations for the Army of the United States, 1861 http://members.tripod.com/~howardlanham/unireg.htm .

[103]
In addition to the $15,500,000 arbitration award, the monumental treaty settled the following desputes with the United Kingdom and Canada:
  • Ended immediate threat of war with the United Kingdom.
  • Settled border dispute between U.S. and Canada.
  • Settled disputes over fishing rights in the North Pacific.
.The treaty triggered a movement for countries to seek alternatives to declaring war through arbitration and the codification of international law.^ Bragg, in his official report of the battle of Shiloh, declared that the Confederate movement was one which, if successful, "would have changed the entire complexion of the war."
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was regarded as the beginning of a movement looking to a second term, the continuance of the policy of the Administration being declared of the utmost importance to the country.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The jury, aware that the law was on Milligan's side, had no alternative but to declare in his favor; Harrison's victory lay in the damages awarded to Milligana mere $5.

.These principles would be the motivating influences for further peace keeping institutions such as the Hague Conventions, the League of Nations, the World Court, and eventually the United Nations.^ In the context of world economic structures, the United States is by far the most capitalist among all the world's major industrialized nations.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We will still be the standard for democracy and freedom yes, but the rest of the world will take notice that a nation so powerful and rich cannot find a way to keep itself healthy.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These are the negative advantages, if the term negative is applicable, which would probably have resulted from prompt movements after Corinth fell into the possession of the National forces.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

The renowned scholar in international law, John Bassett Moorein, hailed the Treaty of Washington as "the greatest treaty of actual and immediate arbitration the world has ever seen."[104]

Virginius incident

.On October 31, 1873, an independent American steamer, Virginius, carrying war materials and men to aid the Cuban insurrection was intercepted and held captive in Santiago by a Spanish warship.^ Notable alumni include Edward J. Volleyball was invented by William G. During the American Civil War, East Haven lost 15 men.
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^ During the American Civil War, East Haven lost 15 men.
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.Virginius was flying the United States flag and had an American registry.^ Here's the groups stated premise: For too long now, fire departments across the United States have been socialist organizations, resulting in taxes on the American people.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ General Status : Congress, although unofficially given to George Washington during the American Revolution, first officially created the title of general, in the United States in 1799.

^ Secretary of War Impeachment : The United States Senate has held full impeachment trials 14 other times in American history.

.53 of the passengers and crew, eight being United States citizens, were held prisoners and summarily were executed.^ While Rutherford Birchard Hayes was President of the United States, it was said by his enemies that he was ruled by his wife, who was, in fact, the Chief Executive.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

^ Eight Olympic Games have taken place in the United States.
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.The immediate impact of these events was an outcry for war with Spain in the United States.^ While our ministers were preaching peace before the United States entered the European war, none were more belligerent than these game reverend gentlemen after we did enter it.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Born, January 30, 1882 -- President, March 4, 1933 -- The 32nd President of the United states is the third Democrat elected since the Civil War.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "Though the General attended the churches in which Dr. White officiated, whenever he was in Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War, and afterwards while President of the United States, he was never a communicant in them."
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Many prominent men such as William M. Evarts, Henry Ward Beecher, and even Vice President Henry Wilson made impassioned speeches to go to war with Spain.^ It is puzzling to many why did Aklan SP (2004-2007), which 13 members consisted of three lawyer members and presided by a lawyer approved such ordinance.
  • MADYAAS PEN, The Panay's Reliable Newsweekly: June 2007 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC madyaaspublishing.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's unacceptable and young men (or old men) who treat women like this, even as a joke, have no place in President Obama's administration.

^ It appears as if Vice-President Al Gore is going to meet with President-elect Barack Obama in Chicago.

[105]
.Secretary of State Hamilton Fish, although outraged over the incident kept a cool demeanor in the crisis.^ In foreign affairs, a notable achievement of the Grant administration was the 1871 Treaty of Washington , negotiated by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish .

.Upon investigating the incident Fish found out there was question over whether Virginius had the right to bear the United States flag.^ Then they offered a resolution for an hour of prayer that they might ask God to cast out the President of the United States.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

^ He continued in the Cabinet of President Buchanan until about the 1st of January, 1861, while he was working vigilantly for the establishment of a confederacy made out of United States territory.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Fish informed Daniel Stickels, the U.S. Spanish ambassador, that reparations were demanded by Spain for this act of "peculiar brutality". The Spanish Rupublic's President, Emilio Castelar, expressed profound regret for the tragedy and was willing to make reparations through arbitration.[105]
.Fish finally met with the Spanish Ambassador to the United States, Senor Poly y Bernabe, in Washington D.C. and negotiated reparations.^ Washington knew, at the same time, as did Madison, that religion, legally united with the state, is no aid either to "virtue or morality."
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ General Status : Congress, although unofficially given to George Washington during the American Revolution, first officially created the title of general, in the United States in 1799.

^ He was, in fact, with Mr. Trescot, a Commissioner on behalf of the United States in conducting the negotiations for that treaty, which took place the previous year.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.With President Grant's approval Spain was to surrender Virginius, make indemnity with the American slain surviving families, and salute the American flag.^ Grant is an autobiography of American President Ulysses S. Awesome work, well put together blog!
  • Talk:Main Page - IOM Envis 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.iomenvis.in [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Grant is an autobiography of American President Ulysses S. Amsterdam had thereby the decisive voice.
  • Talk:Main Page - How To BS 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC how2bs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Confederates surrendered, and President Lincoln promoted Grant to major general of volunteers.

.Spain made good on the reparations with the United States with the exception of saluting the American flag.^ He continued in the Cabinet of President Buchanan until about the 1st of January, 1861, while he was working vigilantly for the establishment of a confederacy made out of United States territory.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were, however, enough honest men in the then corrupt Senate of the United States to prevent this disgrace of the law-making body of the American people.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ General Status : Congress, although unofficially given to George Washington during the American Revolution, first officially created the title of general, in the United States in 1799.

.U.S. Attorney General, George H. Williams, said that saluting the American flag was not necessary since Virginius, at the time of the incident, was not entitled to carry the flag or to have an American registry.^ Johnston, and capture Atlanta; George Crook and William W. The building was rebuilt each time.

^ In 1870 Attorney-General Hoar resigned and was succeeded by Amos T. Akerman, of Georgia, who was followed by George H. Williams, of Oregon, in December, 1871.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In April, 1875, Attorney-General Williams resigned and was succeeded by Edwards Pierrepont.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[105]

Scandals

.
President Grant and family pose in an informal portrait outside.</span><span class=^ Ulysses grant presidential campaign of 1869.
  • Visitors are welcome to explore this site to find out more about 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC emix.bluekapk.waw.pl [Source type: General]

^ Ulysses s grant presidential campaign.

^ Ulysses s grant presidential campaign umatilla county inmate list umbrela covers umcle bens umbrella-rihanna ft jay-z lyrics.

.Grant is seated to the left and his wife Julia is seated to the right.^ Submit regular reports to TRF. March 4, 2006 and its seat is located in the St. Warren Buffet is investing left and right.

.Their son Jesse is standing between Grant and Julia."^ JESSE ROOT GRANT, ÆTAT. 69 Fa­ther of Ulysses Simp­son Grant.
  • Letters of Ulysses S. Grant to His Father and His Youngest Sister,1857-78 by Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson) - Pages 1-97 | Lexcycle 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lexcycle.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ulysses and julia grant umbrella stand with shell motif.

src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/1/8/7/9148822315219750.jpg" width="220" height="238" class="thumbimage" />
President Grant with his wife, Julia, and son, Jesse, in 1872.
.Grant's inability to establish personal accountability among his subordinates and cabinet members led to many scandals during his administration.^ The following is a summary of the Cabinet Members of the Grant Administration: .

^ Grant's Administration in the highest terms, declared itself "unalterably opposed to the election to the Presidency of any person for a third term."
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Senate also tried and acquitted William W. Belknap, secretary of war during the administration of President Ulysses S. Grant.

.Grant, often, would vigorously attack when critics complained, being protective and defensive of his subordinates.^ Orlando Stubbs succeeded Mr. When critics complained, he vigorously attacked them.
  • Talk:Main Page - IOM Envis 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.iomenvis.in [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meanwhile, Arthur's friendship with Mrs. When critics complained, he vigorously attacked them.
  • Talk:Main Page - IOM Envis 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.iomenvis.in [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When critics complained, he vigorously attacked them.
  • Ulysses S 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fjcollazo.com [Source type: Original source]
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.Grant was weak in his selection of subordinates, many times favoring military associates from the war over talented and experienced politicians.^ Grant allowed Radical Reconstruction to run its course in the South, bolstering it at times with military force.

^ But it’s an unfortunate thing that true talent never seems to be recognized - as I have many times said, the punters have no taste!

^ He was weak in his selection of subordinates, favoring colleagues from the war over those with more practical political experience.

.Grant also protected close friends with Presidential power and pardoned person's who were convicted after serving a few months in prison.^ He served 17 months in prison.
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^ Grant was personally honest, but he not only tolerated financial and political corruption among top aides, he protected them once exposed.

^ Used his power to redistribute lands to those who had served him, and reduced the lands of those who had not.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

.His failure to establish working political alliances in Congress allowed the scandals to spin out of control.^ His failure to establish working political alliances in Congress allowed the scandals to spin out of control.

^ He continued in the Cabinet of President Buchanan until about the 1st of January, 1861, while he was working vigilantly for the establishment of a confederacy made out of United States territory.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prominent historian of birth control John M. I will definitely keep you posted on how this works out!
  • Talk:Main Page - How To BS 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC how2bs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the conclusion of his second term, Grant wrote to Congress that "Failures have been errors of judgment, not of intent."^ At the conclusion of his second term, Grant wrote to Congress that "Failures have been errors of judgment, not of intent."

^ Second Term Administration: Grant's second administration was even less successful than the first.

^ Among the incidents of Grant's second term was the Centennial Exhibition at Philadelphia.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

Nepotism was rampant. .Around 40 family relatives financially prospered while Grant was President.^ Grant and his family were left destitute; at the time retired U.S. Presidents were not given pensions , and Grant had forfeited his military pension when he assumed the office of President.

^ General and Mrs. Grant, their children and other relatives were ruined financially in this debacle.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After retiring from the Presidency, Grant became a partner in a financial firm, which went bankrupt.

[106]
.There were eleven scandals associated with Grant's two terms as President of the United States.^ Presidents are elected indirectly in the United States.
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^ Grant, president of the United States.
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^ March 4, 1869 - March 4, 1877 , President of the United States of America for two terms .

.The main scandals included Black Friday in 1869 and the Whiskey Ring in 1875. The Crédit Mobilier is included as a Grant scandal; however, the origins began in 1864 during the Abraham Lincoln Administration and carried over into the Andrew Johnson Administration.^ Events during Grant's Administrations 1869-1877: .

^ Whiskey Ring scandal exposed (1874).

^ Andrew Johnson died at his home in Tennessee, in 1875.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Crédit Mobilier scandal was exposed during the Grant Administration in 1872 as the result of political infighting between Congressman Oakes Ames and Congressman Henry S. McComb.^ Office of the Surgeon General (1871) Army Weather Bureau (currently known as the National Weather Service ) (1870) Election of 1872 : Toward the end of his first administration, Grant's Southern policy, coupled with public scandals involving his political advisers and appointees, led to widespread public disapproval.

^ Washburne during the debate declared that Grant had himself spoken no word to bring about this memorable result.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Congressional and state elections of 1870 resulted in a setback for Grant's administration.

.The primary instigator and contributor to many of these scandals was Grant's personal secretary, Orville E. Babcock, who indirectly controlled many cabinet departments and was able to delay investigations by reformers.^ Among the more than 200 people involved was Orville E. Babcock, Grant's private secretary and formerly his aide-de-camp during the Civil War.

^ This evoked a firestorm as many of the locals who were not insurgents were enraged by these actions.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant's intercession saved Babcock from conviction and allowed him to resume his secretarial duties for a time.

.Babcock had direct access to Grant at the White House and had tremendous influence over who could see the President.^ The same people who are the quickest to sight that racism in America is gone because of its election of a black president (see Ann Coulter) are also the first ones to hope that their "great white hope" arrives to shut down this "scary" black man.
  • Harold's Left: August 2009 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.haroldsleft.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But when President Pierce left the White House he was completely out of public favar, and remained in obscurity for the remainder of his life.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is difficult to know whether he actually coveted the Presidency again, though Julia certainly wanted to return to the White House.

.Grant defended, Babcock, in an unprecedented 1876 deposition during the Whiskey Ring graft trials.^ Among the more than 200 people involved was Orville E. Babcock, Grant's private secretary and formerly his aide-de-camp during the Civil War.

^ When Babcock was indicted in December 1875 for conspiracy to defraud the revenue, Grant volunteered a deposition that he knew of nothing suggesting Babcock's guilt and that Babcock was innocent.

.The result of Grant's deposition saved his friend Babcock with an aquittal.^ When Babcock was indicted in December 1875 for conspiracy to defraud the revenue, Grant volunteered a deposition that he knew of nothing suggesting Babcock's guilt and that Babcock was innocent.

^ Grant's intercession saved Babcock from conviction and allowed him to resume his secretarial duties for a time.

.However, political enemies and the unpopularity of giving the deposition for Babcock, ruined any chances for Grant getting a third term nomination.^ Grant's second term there began to be talk of his nomination for a third term.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant's Administration in the highest terms, declared itself "unalterably opposed to the election to the Presidency of any person for a third term."
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Operating in enemy territory, Grant moved swiftly, never giving the Confederates, under the command of John C. Pemberton , an opportunity to concentrate their forces against him.

Administration and Cabinet

Supreme Court appointments

Grant appointed the following Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States:

States admitted to the Union

Government agencies and parks

.
  • Department of Justice (1870)
  • Office of the Solicitor General (1870)
  • "Advisory Board on Civil Service" (1871); after it expired in 1873, it became the role model for the "Civil Service Commission" instituted in 1883 by President Chester A. Arthur, a Grant faithful.^ Department of Justice (1870) Office of the Solicitor General (1870) Post Office Department (1872) "Advisory Board on Civil Service" (1871); after it expired in 1873, it became the role model for the "Civil Service Commission" instituted in 1883 by President Chester A. Arthur , a Grant faithful.

    ^ Grant remained in the office of President.
    • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ President Chester Arthur was illegitimate too.

    .(Today it is known as the Office of Personnel Management.^ How many people went to Mrs. Office of Personnel Management v.
    • Talk:Main Page - How To BS 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC how2bs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ SPES, according to Vivian R. Solano, Provincial Employment Service Office (PESO) manager of Aklan, is better known as Summer Job.
    • MADYAAS PEN, The Panay's Reliable Newsweekly: June 2007 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC madyaaspublishing.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Office of Personnel Management v.
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    )
  • Office of the Surgeon General (1871)
  • Army Weather Bureau (currently known as the National Weather Service) (1870)
  • Yellow Stone National Park (1872)[107]

Post-presidency

World tour

Grant is standing in a civilian dress suit holding a top hat after the Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant in his postbellum
.After the end of his second term in the White House, Grant spent over two years traveling the world with his wife.^ "After his term at the White House he went abroad.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Justices serve a two-year term.
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^ Most of these are two-year degree granting colleges.

.He traveled first to Liverpool, England onboard the Pennsylvania class steamship SS Indiana, subsequently visiting Scotland and Ireland; the crowds were enormous.^ He visited Ireland, Scotland, and England; the crowds were huge.

^ On May 17 he sailed with his family for Liverpool, England, on the first leg of a journey around the world.

The Grants dined with Queen Victoria at Windsor Castle and with Prince Bismarck in Germany. .During the world tour it was noted that the Ulysses and his wife Julia had inexhaustible energy in all the many dinners and meetings with dignitaries.^ His untiring energy and great efficiency during the campaign entitled him to a full share of all the credit due for its success.
  • Grant's Vicksburg Campaign 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.civilwarhome.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Ulysees S. Grant: The Vicksburg Campaign 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC www.17thmissouri.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was specially interested during his tour of the world in American missions, of which he visited a large number.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1879, during the Grant's tour of the world, I last saw him.

.The Grant's were received with welcome by the public and remained popular everywhere they went.^ The most of the men who went in that way no doubt thought they had had war enough, and left with the intention of remaining out of the army.
  • The Memoirs of General Ulysses S. Grant, Part 2. by Ulysses S. Grant - Full Text Free Book (Part 2/3) 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Applicable credits 13 D. - they 2009 public safety law enforcement grants extra Requirement for Flood Insurance.
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^ Morton of New YorkSenator William B. Grant did not work out, although they remain close friends.
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[108] .They also visited Russia, Egypt, the Holy Land, Siam (Thailand), and Burma.^ They also visited Russia, Egypt, the Holy Land, Siam, and Burma.

.In Japan, they were cordially received by Emperor Meiji and Empress Shōken at the Imperial Palace.^ In Japan, they were cordially received by Emperor Meiji and Empress Dowager Shoken at the Imperial Palace .

^ Imperial Palace Area Japan National Tourist Organization http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/location/regional/tokyo/imperial.html .

^ Imperial Palace Tokyo Japan Lifestyle http://www.japaneselifestyle.com.au/tokyo/imperial_palace_tokyo.htm .

.Today in the Shibakoen section of Tokyo, a [2] tree still stands that Grant planted during his stay.^ Today in the Shibakoen section of Tokyo , a tree still stands that Grant planted during his stay.

^ Even today in the 21st century, Grant's work is still considered the most well written memoirs by a U. S. President.

.In 1879, the Meiji government of Japan announced the annexation of the Ryukyu Islands.^ In 1879, the Meiji government of Japan announced the annexation of the Ryukyu Islands .

.China objected, and Grant was asked to arbitrate the matter.^ China objected, and Grant was asked to arbitrate the matter.

.He decided that Japan's claim to the islands was stronger and ruled in Japan's favor.^ He decided that Japan's claim to the islands was stronger and ruled in Japan's favor.

Grant also participated in a tea ceremony with the young Emperor Meiji.[109]
.Grant returned to the United States from Japan on board the Pacific Mail steamship City of Tokio.^ Pacific Northwest region of the United States.

^ Grant, president of the United States.
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^ He stated that he had recognized as the de facto Government that which had been installed as the result of the decision of the Returning Board of the State, and declared his purpose to adhere to its support if no action was taken by Congress.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.That year, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Wisconsin Medical School.^ Aklan Medical Society (AMS) went home with five awards for the year 2006 – 2007.
  • MADYAAS PEN, The Panay's Reliable Newsweekly: June 2007 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC madyaaspublishing.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Grant was the first United States President to travel around the world.^ Grant, president of the United States.
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^ Presidents are elected indirectly in the United States.
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^ United States and the world to audiences overseas.
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Third term attempt

.In 1879, the "Stalwart" faction of the Republican Party led by Senator Roscoe Conkling sought to nominate Grant for a third term as president.^ Third Term Attempt in 1880 : In 1879, the "Stalwart" faction of the Republican Party led by Senator Roscoe Conkling sought to nominate Grant for a third term as president.

^ Grant's second term there began to be talk of his nomination for a third term.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ulysses S. Grant quarreled with the President and aligned himself with the Radical Republicans.

.He counted on strong support from the business men, the old soldiers, and the Methodist church.^ He counted on strong support from the business men, the old soldiers, and the Methodist church.

^ Grant, Johnson and Hays were not Methodists, though their wives were, which has been the excuse for counting them as members of that Church.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Until recently Andrew Johnson was one of the most misrepresented men in American history, and one of the most common errors concerning him is the statement that he was a member of the Methodist Church.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Publicly Grant said nothing, but privately he wanted the job and encouraged his men.^ Publicly Grant said nothing, but privately he wanted the job and encouraged his men.

^ He said, "Great men may gain nothing from relegion, but religion can gain much from great men," In other words he was there to obtain publicity for his Church and for himself.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant said to me, 'Go home and have nothing to do with the politicians, and leave your case with me, and I will take care of you.'
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

[110] .His popularity was fading however, and while he received more than 300 votes in each of the 36 ballots of the 1880 convention, the nomination went to James A. Garfield.^ He was still interested in a third term as president, but at the convention in 1880 the nomination went to James A. Garfield.

^ His popularity was fading however, and while he received more than 300 votes in each of the 36 ballots of the 1880 convention , the nomination went to James A. Garfield .

^ But he was satisfied that whatever others might have done for him it could not be more than he had received.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Grant campaigned for Garfield, who won by a narrow margin.^ It was Grant, who, in the face of the gravest difficulties, won the war.

^ Although Grant lost battles in 1864, he won all his campaigns.

^ Grant campaigned for Garfield for a month, but he supported Conkling in the terrific battle over patronage in spring 1881 that culminated in Garfield's assassination .

.Grant supported his Stalwart ally Conkling against Garfield in the battle over patronage in spring 1881 that culminated in Conkling's resignation from office.^ Grant campaigned for Garfield for a month, but he supported Conkling in the terrific battle over patronage in spring 1881 that culminated in Garfield's assassination .

^ Third Term Attempt in 1880 : In 1879, the "Stalwart" faction of the Republican Party led by Senator Roscoe Conkling sought to nominate Grant for a third term as president.

^ After similar battles in Virginia against Lee, all of Grant's predecessors had retreated from the field.

Bankruptcy

Grant is reclining in a chair on a porch suffering from throat cancer and writing his memoirs.
Grant, in constant pain, spent most of his last days writing his memoirs on a wicker chair at Mount McGregor.
.The trip around the world, although successful, was costly.^ Grant determined to indulge his taste for foreign travel by making a trip around the world and visiting places of interest on the way.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ XIII. The Trip Around the World On retiring from office Gen.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.When Grant returned to America he had depleted most of his savings from the long trip and needed to earn money.^ Our trip has been a most agree­able one though the time seems long.
  • Letters of Ulysses S. Grant to His Father and His Youngest Sister,1857-78 by Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson) - Pages 1-97 | Lexcycle 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lexcycle.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant routinely plows through 15 course dinners, but actually loses weight on the trip - he returns to San Francisco weighing 159 pounds.

In 1881, Grant purchased a house in New York City and placed almost all of his financial assets into an investment banking partnership with Ferdinand Ward, as suggested by Grant's son Buck (Ulysses, Jr.), who was having success on Wall Street. .In 1884 Ward swindled Grant (and other investors who had been encouraged by Grant), bankrupted the company, Grant & Ward, and fled.^ Ward swindled Grant (and other investors who had been encouraged by Grant) in 1884, bankrupted the company, Grant and Ward , and fled.

^ Orlando Stubbs succeeded Mr. The firm failed in 1884 and Grant went bankrupt.

^ Grant had been a silent partner in the firm with his son and Ferdinand Ward, the scoundrel who robbed the company and was eventually jailed.

.Depleted of money, Grant was forced to repay a $150,000 loan to one of his creditors, William H. Vanderbilt, with his Civil War momentoes.^ Ulysses s grant civil war involvement.

^ Grant's most famous horse during the American Civil War.
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^ The first conductor was William R. The beginning of the war saw Grant still in Louisiana.
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[111]

Last days

Grant appears on the U.S. $50 bill.
.Grant learned at the same time that he was suffering from throat cancer.^ About that time he learned that he had cancer of the throat.

^ Memoirs: Grant learned at the same time that he was suffering from throat cancer .

^ Granted, I've done the same thing from time to time, but we aren't, in the end, all that different.

Today, it is believed that he suffered from a T1N1 carcinoma of the tonsillar fossa.[112] .Grant and his family were left destitute, having forfeited his military pension when he assumed the office of President.^ Grant and his family were left destitute; at the time retired U.S. Presidents were not given pensions , and Grant had forfeited his military pension when he assumed the office of President.

^ Grant left office in March 1877, with a few thousand dollars saved and a desire to see the world.

^ Wyoming Territory : Hence, Dakota laws were enforced in Wyoming until the following year when President Ulysses S. Grant took office and the Congress approved his territorial appointments.

.His family left in debt from the Ward swindle, suffering from throat cancer, Grant began a series of literary works that would improve his reputation and eventually bring his family out of bankruptcy.^ Memoirs: Grant learned at the same time that he was suffering from throat cancer .

^ May, 1884 , the brokerage firm of Grant and Ward fails on Wall Street, losing the General and his family's fortune.

^ Donna Nincic, Lisa Carroll, and Dr. His widow Eliza began working to sell the family's slaves.
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.Grant first wrote several articles on his Civil War campaigns for The Century Magazine which were warmly received.^ Grant first wrote several articles on his Civil War campaigns for The Century Magazine , which were warmly received.

^ Ulysses s grant civil war involvement.

^ Everywhere he was well received, not as the former president of the United States, but as the hero of the Civil War.

.Mark Twain offered Grant a generous contract for the publication of his memoirs, including 75% of the book's sales as royalties.^ Mark Twain offered Grant a generous contract, including 75% of the book's sales as royalties.

^ Grant's memoirs, a timeless classic, sells over 300,000 copies, becomes the best selling book in U. S. history, and earns Julia a staggering $500,000.

^ General Grant, who was then all-powerful, interposed, and sent me an offer of the same parole that he had given General Lee.

U.S. Postage Stamp, 3c, 1938 issue, Grant, Sherman and Sheridan
.It was not until 1958 that Congress, believing it inappropriate that a former President or his wife might be poverty-stricken, passed a bill granting them a pension, still in effect today.^ Smash and Crash until they ply their superior driving skills and send the General Grant careening into the giant still of FLAMMABLE moonshine.

^ Although he was not a communicant until after he retired from the Presidency, he was a believer in the Christian religion, as taught by John Calvin, and a fairly regular church attendant.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Today in the Shibakoen section of Tokyo , a tree still stands that Grant planted during his stay.

.Terminally ill, Grant finished his memoir just a few days before his death.^ Terminally ill, Grant finished the book just a few days before his death.

^ One day I received an invitation to visit his house in order to meet young Fred, who had just returned, and I asked Grant to go with me.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant's Confidence In Sheridan The writer dropped in to see him a few days before his departure for the West, and, after chatting about Gen.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

The Memoirs sold over 300,000 copies, earning the Grant family over $450,000. Twain promoted the book as "the most remarkable work of its kind since the Commentaries of Julius Caesar." Grant's memoir has been regarded by writers as diverse as Matthew Arnold and Gertrude Stein as one of the finest works of its kind ever written.
.Ulysses S. Grant died on Thursday, July 23, 1885, at the age of 63 in Mount McGregor, Saratoga County, New York.^ He was moved to Mount McGregor, near Saratoga, New York, in an effort to restore his health.

^ Died July 23, 1885.
  • The Religious Beliefs Of Our Presidents 23 September 2009 4:14 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thursday, July 23 , 1885 , at the age of 63 in Mount McGregor , Saratoga County, New York .

.His body lies in New York City's Riverside Park, beside that of his wife, in Grant's Tomb, the largest mausoleum in North America.^ Jackson, a historian of New York City.
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^ Shrady was born in New York City.

^ Grant was a lifelong resident of New York City.
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It was originally interred in a vault in the same park, which was used until the current mausoleum was built. .The Ulysses S. Grant Memorial honors Grant.^ Ulysses s grant memories ultrasound technician washington state um assistant coach.
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^ Umai doremi umberto eco enigma truth quote ulysses grant settlement of the west ulysses s grant memorial umass life flight umapine web design.
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^ Umbra photo album ulysses s grant memorial washington ulya g by veronin Ultravist manufacturer.

Cinema and media portrayals

.The following is a sample of persons who portrayed Ulysses S. Grant as a character in either historical-dramatic or documentary media formats.^ Ulysses grant personal memoirs.

^ Henry Adams, who believed that President Ulysses S. - http://www.itvidya.com/grants/grant-writing-seminar.html "> effect grant writing seminar text yourself .

^ Although it was portrayed as being outside the normal inclinations and character of Grant, it has been suggested by Bertram Korn that the order was part of a consistent pattern.

.A more complete list can be found at Ulysses S. Grant.^ Ulysses grant letter found at forrest.
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^ Ultraviolet lightr umdnj match list umberto's wedding ulverstone leisure activities ulysses s grant political party.
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^ Where is hostiles where is ulysses simpson grant burred where is gerbera found at where is morson ontario where is nitrogen found i.
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Film

.Actors have played Ulysses S. Grant in 35 movies.^ Ultraviolet movie wav files ulysses grant vicksburg.
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^ Ulysses s grant play money ummc hospital worcester ma.

^ Donovan Grant is played by actor Robert Shaw.
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.Grant is third most popular President to be portrayed in movies, films, or cinema.^ Grant was depicted in the 1999 film Wild Wild West , with actor Kevin Kline portraying the president in a minor supporting role.

^ Grant's Administration in the highest terms, declared itself "unalterably opposed to the election to the Presidency of any person for a third term."
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Répondre à ce message jesse l grant Ecrit le: 2009-08-25 08:55:18 by Anonymous Tomatoes were the most popular.
  • http://hobbycreative.fr/index.php?option=com_simplestforum&view=postlist&Itemid=117&lang=en 9 October 2009 21:42 UTC hobbycreative.fr [Source type: General]

[113]
Portrayals include:[114]
The Birth of a Nation, 1915 silent epic movie, played by Donald Crisp.
Only the Brave, 1930, played by Guy Oliver.
They Died with their Boots On, 1941, played by Joseph Crehen (uncredited).
The Horse Soldiers, 1959 John Wayne movie, played by Stan Jones.
How the West Was Won, 1962, played by Harry Morgan.
Wild, Wild, West, 1999, played by Kevin Kline
.Grant is often portrayed historically inaccurate in film or cinema media as a scowling drunkard or placed in false historical events.^ Grant was depicted in the 1999 film Wild Wild West , with actor Kevin Kline portraying the president in a minor supporting role.

^ Also includes film and video clips of social, political and cultural historical events of the 20th Century from 1893 to 1985.

^ Jodie Foster portrays the film's protagonist, Dr. Grant Thornton LLP argued for a level playing field.
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.[115] One notable exception was by Kevin Kline in the 1999 film Wild, Wild, West.^ Grant was depicted in the 1999 film Wild Wild West , with actor Kevin Kline portraying the president in a minor supporting role.

^ The country was wild with enthusiasm over this victory at the West and the simultaneous one at Gettysburg in the East.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

.Kline consulted Grant scholar John Y. Simon for advice on how to play Grant, and portrays him as a formidable authority figure who has courage mixed with a hard-bitten sense of humor.^ Grant was depicted in the 1999 film Wild Wild West , with actor Kevin Kline portraying the president in a minor supporting role.

^ Simon Hall was opened in 1986 after a donation from John E. It has long played an important role in human societies.

^ Jodie Foster portrays the film's protagonist, Dr. Grant Thornton LLP argued for a level playing field.
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[116]

Television series and documentary

The Wild Wild West, aired on CBS, 1965-1969, played by James Gregory (voice) and Roy Angle.
The Civil War, aired on PBS, 1990, played by Jason Robards. .Titled The American Civil War in the United Kingdom.^ Everywhere he was well received, not as the former president of the United States, but as the hero of the Civil War.

^ "The American influence of the Civil War on the web is quite apparent, pull up information on other wars and with the exception of World War II, you will not find greater source.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant's most famous horse during the American Civil War.
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Lincoln, aired on PBS, 1992, played by Rod Steiger.
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, aired on HBO, 2007, played by Senator Fred Thompson.
Sherman's March, aired on the History Channel, 2007, played by Harry Bulkeley.
.In the 1965-69 television series "The Wild Wild West" President Grant appeared occasionally as agents West and Gordon of the Secret Service worked exclusively for him.^ Grant was depicted in the 1999 film Wild Wild West , with actor Kevin Kline portraying the president in a minor supporting role.

^ Grant's Confidence In Sheridan The writer dropped in to see him a few days before his departure for the West, and, after chatting about Gen.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Grant as he appears on the 2004 series U.S. $50 note .

.In Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee Senator Fred Thompson played Grant as an astute leader who listens to both sides of an argument.^ Beck promotes this lunacy in order to play to his listeners, who eat this garbage up like hyenas.
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^ One day I received an invitation to visit his house in order to meet young Fred, who had just returned, and I asked Grant to go with me.
  • The Career of a Soldier 25 September 2009 10:20 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The full rank was re­vived Febru­ary 26, 1864, for Grant, who re­ceived his com­mis­sion March 3d.
  • Letters of Ulysses S. Grant to His Father and His Youngest Sister,1857-78 by Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson) - Pages 1-97 | Lexcycle 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC www.lexcycle.com [Source type: Original source]

Fifty dollar bill controversy

.The design of the fifty dollar bill is currently being challenged by North Carolina Republican Representative Patrick T. McHenry who wants President Ronald Reagan's portrait to be on the fifty dollar bill rather than President Ulysses.^ Grant's portrait appears on the U.S. fifty-dollar bill .

^ President Reagan, a Republican, a gold medal.
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^ Where is ronald reagan being buried.
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.S. Grant, who was a Civil War hero and champion for African Americans.^ Grant's most famous horse during the American Civil War.
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^ Ulysses s grant civil war involvement.

^ "The American influence of the Civil War on the web is quite apparent, pull up information on other wars and with the exception of World War II, you will not find greater source.
  • 97. Ulysses S. Grant in Wars in History Channel 9 February 2010 16:59 UTC boards.history.com [Source type: Original source]

McHenry's reasons include that "Every generation needs its own heros." and that a .Wall Street Journal poll ranked Reagan sixth and Grant 28th.^ May, 1884 , the brokerage firm of Grant and Ward fails on Wall Street, losing the General and his family's fortune.

.McHenry did not mention the currently disputed Reagonomics trickle down-spending as a reason for changing the $50.00 bill portrait.^ Ultraviolet color changing bracelet um and uim car insurance ulysses grant photo 50 bill.
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California Democratic Representative Brad Sherman said that Reagan was too controversial and that "Our currency should be something that unites us".[117]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Simpson, Brooks D. (2000). Ulysses S. Grant: triumph over adversity, 1822-1865. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-65994-9. 
  2. ^ Laver, Harry S.; Matthews, Jeffrey J. (2008). The art of command: military leadership from George Washington to Colin Powell. Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky. p. 36. ISBN 0-8131-2513-8. 
  3. ^ Longacre, Edward G. (2006). General Ulysses S. Grant: the soldier and the man. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. p. 73. ISBN 0-306-81269-X. 
  4. ^ Abraham, Henry Julian (2008). Justices, presidents, and senators: a history of the U. S. Supreme Court appointments from Washington to Bush II. Lanham: Rowman Littlefield Pub Inc. ISBN 0-7425-5895-9. 
  5. ^ Havelin, Kate (2004). Ulysses S. Grant. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co.. p. 27. ISBN 0-8225-0814-1. 
  6. ^ R. Gregson, Susan (2002). Ulysses S. Grant. Mankato, Minn.: Bridgestone Books. p. 22. ISBN 0-7368-1091-9. 
  7. ^ Virga, Vincent.; Brinkley, Alan. (2004). Eyes of the nation : a visual history of the United State. Boston: Bunker Hill. p. 173. ISBN 1-59373-035-7. 
  8. ^ O'Brien, Cormac; Suteski, Monika. Secret Lives of the U.S. Presidents. Quirk Books. p. 104. ISBN 1-931686-57-2. 
  9. ^ a b "Who's Buried in the History Books?" by Sean Wilentz, New York Times, March 14, 2010
  10. ^ It has been estimated that Grant's reputation in 1876, due to many scandals, was as low as Andrew Johnson's during his impeachment trial in 1868. At the end of Grant's second administration reformers were put on the cabinet to clean up corruption in the Departments of Interior, Justice, and Treasury. One theory behind Grant appointing reformers to the cabinet, was to improve his chances for a third term Presidential candidacy.
  11. ^ See Skidmore (2005); Bunting (2004), Scaturro (1998), Smith (2001) and Simpson (1998); List of presidential rankings. Historians rank the 42 men who have held the office. AP via MSNBC. msn.com. Last visited February 16, 2009. See list of greatest presidents.
  12. ^ "The Career of a Soldier". New York Times. July 24, 1885. http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0427.html. Retrieved 2009-02-20. "On the April 27, 1822, in the village of Point Pleasant, Ohio, 25 miles above Cincinnati on the Ohio River, was born Hiram Ulysses Grant, the eldest of the six children of Jesse R. and Hannah Simpson Grant." 
  13. ^ Simpson, p. 2
  14. ^ Simpson, Brooks D. (2000). Ulysses S. Grant: Triumph over Adversity, 1822-1865. New York: Houghton Mifflin. pp. 3. ISBN 0-395-65994-9. 
  15. ^ Farina, William (2007). Ulysses S. Grant, 1861-1864: his rise from obscurity to military greatness. pp. 13–14. http://books.google.com/books?id=LiXipzGjMxsC&pg=PA14&dq=Ulysses+S.+Grant+was+a+Methodist&cd=5#v=onepage&q=Ulysses%20S.%20Grant%20was%20a%20Methodist&f=false. Retrieved 02-07-2010. 
  16. ^ Smith, Grant, p. 24.
  17. ^ Smith, Grant, p. 83. In a letter to his wife Julia dated March 31, 1853, Grant wrote, "Why did you not tell me more about our dear little boys ? ... What does Fred. call Ulys. ? What does the S stand for in Ulys.'s name? In mine you know it does not stand for anything!" McFeely, p. 524, n. 2: "Grant himself never used more than 'S.'; others converted the single letter to 'Simpson.'
  18. ^ a b Ulysses S. Grant: West Point and Beyond sparknotes.com. 2010. Retrieved on 2010-03-15.
  19. ^ McFeely, William S. (1981). Grant. p. 37. 
  20. ^ Ulysses S Grant Quotes on the Military Academy and the Mexican War
  21. ^ Smith, p. 73.
  22. ^ According to Smith, pp. 87-88, and Lewis, pp. 328-32, two of Grant's lieutenants corroborated this story and Buchanan confirmed it to another officer in a conversation during the Civil War. Years later, Grant told educator John Eaton, "the vice of intemperance had not a little to do with my decision to resign."
  23. ^ McFeely, pp. 62-3. His wife's slaves were leased in St. Louis in 1860 after Grant gave up farming; during the war, she reclaimed one slave woman as her personal attendant when visiting Grant in camp. The land and cabin where Grant lived is now an animal conservation reserve, Grant's Farm, owned and operated by the Anheuser-Busch Company.
  24. ^ McFeely, ch. 5.
  25. ^ The Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
  26. ^ Hesseltine, chapter 6.
  27. ^ Bruce Catton, The Coming Fury, page 327, 1961
  28. ^ a b c Faust, Patricia L. (1991). Historical times illustrated encyclopedia of the Civil War. 
  29. ^ a b Sifakis, Stewart (1998). Who Was Who in the Civil War. 
  30. ^ McFeely, Willam S. (1981). Grant: A Biography. W.W. Norton & Company. pp. 90–93. 
  31. ^ McFeely, Willam S. (1981). Grant: A Biography. W.W. Norton & Company. pp. 97–98. 
  32. ^ "Fort Henry". http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp/battles/tn001.htm. Retrieved 02-03-10. 
  33. ^ Smith, Professor Jean Edward (2001). Grant. pp. 156–158. http://books.google.com/books?id=Kq1wZ3900xYC&pg=PA159&dq=Grant+takes+Fort+Donelson&cd=2#v=onepage&q=Grant%20takes%20Fort%20Donelson&f=false. Retrieved 02-02-10. 
  34. ^ McFeely, Willam S. (1981). Grant: A Biography. W.W. Norton & Company. pp. 99–101. 
  35. ^ Gott, Kendall D., Where the South Lost the War: An Analysis of the Fort Henry—Fort Donelson Campaign, February 1862, Stackpole books, 2003, ISBN 0-8117-0049-6.
  36. ^ Many authors see presidential pressure behind Grant's reinstatement to field command. See, e.g., Gott, pp. 267-68; Nevin, p. 96. But there is room to question that conclusion. Halleck relieved Grant of field command of the expedition (but not his overall command) on March 4 (OR I-10-2-3). On March 9 and 10, Halleck advised Grant to prepare to take the field. On March 10, the President and Secretary of War inquired about Grant's status, and on March 13, Halleck directed Grant to take the field. See Halleck to Grant, March 9, 10, 13, 1862, OR I-10-2-22, 27, 32; Thomas to Halleck, March 10, 1862, OR I-7-683. This sequence suggests that Halleck may have decided to restore Grant to field command before receiving Lincoln's inquiry. See Smith, p. 176: Halleck's "reinstatement of Grant preceded by one day the bombshell that landed on his desk from the adjutant general [on behalf of the President and Secretary of War] in Washington."
  37. ^ a b Eicher, David J., The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War, Simon & Schuster, 2001, ISBN 0-684-84944-5.
  38. ^ McFeely, Willam S. (1981). Grant: A Biography. W.W. Norton & Company. pp. 111–113. 
  39. ^ a b c McPherson, James M. (2005). Atlas of the Civil War. 
  40. ^ a b De Hass, Col Wills (1879). Alexander Kelly McClure. ed. The annals of the war written by leading participants north and south. pp. 677–692. 
  41. ^ a b Smith Ph.D., Jean Edward (2001). Grant. p. 185. 
  42. ^ a b Cunningham, O. Edward, Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862 (edited by Gary Joiner and Timothy Smith), Savas Beatie, 2007, ISBN 978-1-932714-27-2.
  43. ^ Halleck's 100,000-man army incorporated Grant's Army of the Tennessee, Buell's Army of the Ohio, and John Pope's Army of the Mississippi. The three armies were formally redesignated as corps.
  44. ^ On May 11, Grant wrote Halleck privately that he considered his second-in-command position to be "anomylous," to constitute a "sensure," and his position to differ "but little from that of one in arrest." Papers of Ulysses S. Grant, 5:114; see Smith, p. 209.
  45. ^ McFeeley, pp. 119-20; Smith, pp. 210-11.
  46. ^ For a good discussion of Grant's experiences after Shiloh, see Brooks D. Simpson, "After Shiloh: Grant, Sherman, and Survival," 142, in Stephen E. Woodworth, ed., The Shiloh Campaign (Carbondale: Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 2009).
  47. ^ McFeely, William S. (1981). Grant: A Biography. W.W. Norton & Company. pp. 125–126. 
  48. ^ a b c Catton, Bruce (1965). Never Call Retreat. Double Day & Company, Inc., Garden City, New York. pp. 30–33. 
  49. ^ Catton, Bruce (1965). Never Call Retreat. Double Day & Company, Inc., Garden City, New York. pp. 81–82. 
  50. ^ Whitelaw Reid, Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Her Generals, and Soldiers (New York, 1868), 1:387
  51. ^ a b c d McFeely, William S. (1981). Grant: A Biography. W.W. Norton & Company. pp. 128–132. 
  52. ^ Catton, Bruce (1965). Never Call Retreat. Double Day & Company, Inc., Garden City, New York. pp. 196–197. 
  53. ^ a b Kennedy, Frances H., ed., The Civil War Battlefield Guide, 2nd ed., Houghton Mifflin Co., 1998, ISBN 0-395-74012-6.
  54. ^ Greene, Francis V., The Mississippi (Campaigns of the Civil War — VIII) (Charles Scribner's Sons, 1884), 170-71; see William Farina, Ulysses S. Grant, 1861-1864: His Rise From Obscurity to Military Greatness (McFarland, 2007), 214.
  55. ^ James R. Rusling, Men and Things I Saw in Civil War Days (New York: Eaton & Mains, 1899), 16-17. According to Rusling, an eyewitness, Lincoln made this remark on July 5, 1863, before learning that Grant had taken Vicksburg on July 4.
  56. ^ Grant's new command unified the Union command in the West for the first time since Henry W. Halleck vacated the erstwhile Department of the Mississippi to become general-in-chief. According to his memoirs, had he so wished, Grant could have chosen a version of the War Department order continuing Rosecrans in command of the Department of the Cumberland. See Grant, Memoirs (Lib. of Am., 1990), 403.
  57. ^ a b c Bruce Catton, Grant Takes Command, pages 42-62, 1969
  58. ^ a b "The Chattanooga Campaign". 
  59. ^ Lloyd Lewis, Sherman: Fighting Prophet, 323.
  60. ^ Bruce Catton, Grant Takes Command, Chapter 8, Campaign plans and politics, 1969
  61. ^ Bruce Catton, Grant Takes Command, page 181, 1969
  62. ^ Bruce Catton, Grant Takes Command, page 183-191, 1969
  63. ^ a b Bonekemper, Edward H., III, A Victor, Not a Butcher: Ulysses S. Grant's Overlooked Military Genius, Regnery, 2004, ISBN 0-89526-062-X.
  64. ^ Bruce Catton, Grant Takes Command, pages 246, 248-249, 1969
  65. ^ "Spotsylvania Court House". http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp/battles/va048.htm. Retrieved 02-03-10. 
  66. ^ Jaynes, Gregory, and the Editors of Time-Life Books, The Killing Ground: Wilderness to Cold Harbor, Time-Life Books, 1986, ISBN 0-8094-4768-1.
  67. ^ Catton, Grant Takes Command, pg 284, Little, Brown, and Company (Inc.), 1968, 1969.
  68. ^ Lincoln, Abraham; Lang, H. Jack (August 17th, 1864). The wit and wisdom of Abraham Lincoln as reflected in his letters and speeches. http://books.google.com/books?id=GZathqqSPQsC&pg=PA234&dq=Ulysses+S.+Grant+bulldog&cd=2#v=onepage&q=Ulysses%20S.%20Grant%20bulldog&f=false. Retrieved 01-24-10. 
  69. ^ Bruce Catton, Grant Takes Command, pages 283, 285-291, 435, 1969.
  70. ^ Bruce Catton, Grant Takes Command, pages 309-318, 1969
  71. ^ Mark Mayo, Boatner (1998). The Civil War Dictionary. 
  72. ^ Sherman, Memoirs, pp. 806-17; Donald C. Pfanz, The Petersburg Campaign: Abraham Lincoln at City Point (Lynchburg, VA, 1989), 1-2, 24-29, 94-95.
  73. ^ Catton, Bruce (1969). Grant Takes Command. pp. 475–480. 
  74. ^ Eicher, Civil War High Commands, p. 264.
  75. ^ Choiniere, David (1992). Presidential Temperaments. http://keirsey.com/handler.aspx?s=keirsey&f=fourtemps&tab=5&c=grant. Retrieved 01-24-10. 
  76. ^ Bonekemper, Edward H. (2004). A victor, not a butcher: Ulysses S. Grant's overlooked military genius. pp. 245=246. http://books.google.com/books?id=J4Rk7U8TD_QC&pg=PA245&dq=Ulysses+S.+Grant+aquired+the+unfortunate+and+unfair&cd=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 01-24-10. 
  77. ^ Fuller, J. F. C. (2007). The Generalship of Ulysses S. Grant (2 ed.). p. 373. http://books.google.com/books?id=4u5Jup7XkYgC&pg=RA1-PA373&dq=When+Ulysses+S.+Grant+was+around+there+was+always+going+to+be+a+fight&cd=6#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 02-22-2010.