The Full Wiki

Umm al-Quwain: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Emirate of Umm al-Quwain
إمارة أمّ القيوين
—  emirate  —

Coordinates: 25°59′11″N 55°56′24″E / 25.98639°N 55.94°E / 25.98639; 55.94
Emirate Umm al-Quwain
 - Type Constitutional monarchy[citation needed]
 - Emir Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla
 - Metro 750 km2 (289.6 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 Metro 62,000
Time zone UAE Standard Time (UTC+4)

Umm al-Quwain (Arabic: أمّ القيوين, umm al-quwwayn, literally "Mother of two powers") is one of the emirates in the United Arab Emirates. It is located in the north of the country. The emirate was ruled until his death by Rashid bin Ahmad Al Mu'alla, who was a member of the UAE's Supreme Council since 1981. The emirate had 62,000 inhabitants in 2003 (making it the least populous emirate in the federation) and has an area of 750 square kilometers. Accepted alternative spellings include Umm al Qiwain (used on its former postage stamps) as well as Umm al-Qawain, Umm al-Qaywayn, Umm el-Qiwain, and Umm al-Qaiwain.



In 1775 Sheikh Majid Al Mualla, founder of the ruling Al Mualla lineage of the Al `Ali clan, established an independent sheikdom in Umm al-Quwain.

On 8 January 1820, Sheikh Abdullah I signed the General Maritime Treaty with the United Kingdom, thus accepting a British protectorate in order to keep the Ottoman Turks out. Like four of its neighbours, Ajman, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah and Sharjah, its position on the route to India made it important enough to be recognized as a salute state (albeit of the lowest class: only 3 guns).

Location of Umm Al Quwain in the United Arab Emirates

On 2 December 1971, Sheikh Ahmad II joined the United Arab Emirates.

The successive rulers were:

  • 1775 - 17.. Sheikh Majid Al Mu`alla
  • 17.. - 1816 Sheikh Rashid I bin Majid Mu`alla
  • 1816 - 1853 Sheikh Abdullah I bin Rashid Al Mu`alla
  • 1853 - 1873 Sheikh Ali bin Abdullah Al Mu`alla
  • 1873 - 13 June 1904 Sheikh Ahmad I bin `Abd Allah Al Mu`alla (b. 18.. - d. 1904)
  • 13 June 1904 - August 1922 Sheikh Rashid II bin Ahmad Al Mu`alla (b. 1875 - d. 1922)
  • August 1922 - October 1923 Sheikh `Abdallah II bin Rashid Al Mu`alla
  • October 1923 - 9 February 1929 Sheikh Hamad bin Ibrahim Al Mu`alla
  • 9 February 1929 - 21 February 1981 Sheikh Ahmad bin Rashid Al Mu'alla (b. 1904 - d. 1981)
  • 21 February 1981 - 2 January 2009 Sheikh Rashid bin Ahmad Al Mu'alla (b. 1930 - d. 2009)
  • 2 January 2009 Sheikh Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla


During November to March temperatures average 26C. in daytime and 15C. at night (79F to 59F), but rise over 40C (104F) in the peak of the summer and the humidity levels are high. The rainfall is minimal and averages 42 millimetres a year. The coastline experiences cooling sea breezes during the day.

Media in Umm Al Quwain

UAE-based newspapers

See also

External links



Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address