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Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs: Wikis

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The Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security Affairs (T) is a position within the U.S. Department of State that serves as Senior Adviser to the President and the Secretary of State for Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Disarmament. In this capacity, the Under Secretary attends and participates, at the direction of the President, in National Security Council (NSC) and subordinate meetings pertaining to arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament and has the right to communicate, through the Secretary of State, with the President and members of the NSC on arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament concerns. Robert G. Joseph was the Under Secretary until his resignation in January 2007. On March 18, 2009, Ellen Tauscher announced that she had accepted President Barack Obama's nomination to the position. She was confirmed by the Senate on June 25, 2009 and assumed office the following day, June 26, 2009.

The Under Secretary leads the interagency policy process on nonproliferation and manages global U.S. security policy, principally in the areas of nonproliferation, arms control, regional security and defense relations, and arms transfers and security assistance. The Under Secretary provides policy direction in the following areas: nonproliferation, including the missile and nuclear areas, as well as chemical, biological, and conventional weapons proliferation; arms control, including negotiation, ratification, verification and compliance, and implementation of agreements on strategic, non-conventional, and conventional forces; regional security and defense relations, involving policy regarding U.S. security commitments worldwide as well as on the use of U.S. military forces in unilateral or international peacekeeping roles; and arms transfers and security assistance programs and arms transfer policies.

By delegation from the Secretary, the Under Secretary performs a range of functions under the Foreign Assistance Act, Arms Export Control Act, and related legislation. The Bureaus of International Security and Nonproliferation and Political-Military Affairs are under the policy oversight of the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security. By statute, the Assistant Secretary for Verification, Compliance, and Implementation reports to the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security.

According to the Office of the Historian of the U.S. Department of State, the Under Secretary first received the permanent title "Senior Adviser to the President and the Secretary of State for Arms Control, Nonproliferation and Disarmament" when the Clinton administration decided to merge the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency and the United States Information Agency into the State Department, as well as realigning the United States Agency for International Development with it.

Contents

List of Under Secretaries of State for International Security Affairs, 1972—1993

Name Assumed Office Left Office President served under
Curtis W. Tarr May 2, 1972 November 25, 1973 Richard Nixon
William H. Donaldson November 26, 1973 May 10, 1974 Richard Nixon
Carlyle E. Maw July 10, 1974 September 17, 1976 Gerald Ford
Lucy W. Benson[1] March 28, 1977 January 5, 1980 Jimmy Carter
Matthew Nimetz February 21, 1980 December 5, 1980 Jimmy Carter
James L. Buckley February 28, 1981 August 20, 1982 Ronald Reagan
William Schneider, Jr. September 9, 1982 October 31, 1986 Ronald Reagan
Ed Derwinski March 24, 1987 January 21, 1989 Ronald Reagan
Reginald Bartholomew April 20, 1989 July 7, 1992 George H. W. Bush
Frank G. Wisner July 20, 1992 January 19, 1993 George H. W. Bush

List of Under Secretaries of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs, 1993—Present

Name Assumed Office Left Office President served under
Lynn Etheridge Davis April 1, 1993 August 8, 1997 Bill Clinton
John D. Holum August 7, 2000[2] December 1, 2001[3] Bill Clinton
John R. Bolton May 11, 2001 July 31, 2005 George W. Bush
Robert Joseph June 1, 2005 March 2, 2007 George W. Bush
John Rood September 26, 2007[4] January 20, 2009 George W. Bush
Ellen Tauscher June 26, 2009 Barack Obama

References

  1. ^ By administrative action, Benson's titled was renamed "Under Secretary for Security Assistance," and then, on August 22, 1977, as "Under Secretary for Security Assistance, Science, and Technology." The position reverted to its former name during the Reagan Administration.
  2. ^ Served as Acting Under Secretary beginning December 15, 1997. He was commissioned as Under Secretary on August 7, 2000, during a recess of the Senate, but his appointment was rejected by the Senate on September 28, 2000.
  3. ^ This date is given on the State Department's website: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/po/12043.htm However, it appears to be incorrect because John Bolton took over this position on May 11, 2001.
  4. ^ Rood was designated as Acting Under Secretary on September 26, 2007. He has not been officially appointed as Under Secretary.

External links

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