Union County, Oregon: Wikis

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Union County, Oregon
Map of Oregon highlighting Union County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Seat La Grande
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,039 sq mi (5,281 km²)
2,037 sq mi (5,276 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.10%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

24,530
13/sq mi (5/km²)
Founded October 14, 1864
Website www.union-county.org

Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. It is included in the 8 county definition of Eastern Oregon. The county is named for the town of Union, which is located within its boundaries; in 2000, the county population was 24,530. The county seat is La Grande.

Contents

History

The northern end of the Grande Ronde Valley was the first to be settled.[1] Population growth in eastern Oregon during the early 1860s prompted the State Legislature to split Umatilla and Baker Counties from Wasco County in 1862. Further settlement in the Grande Ronde Valley led to the creation of Union County from Baker County on October 14, 1864.

The county doubled in population between 1880 and 1890.[1] The establishment of a county seat resulted in competition, based on geography and on economic and population growth, between La Grande and the city of Union. The county seat alternated between Union and La Grande until it permanently came to rest at La Grande in 1905. Between 1875 and 1913, adjustments were made between Union County's borders and the borders of Baker, Umatilla, and Wallowa Counties.

Economy

The initial economic interest in the area was mining, but most of the mines were in the portion Baker County annexed in 1901. Farming (wheat, fruit, vegetables, mint, and grass seed), cattle, sheep raising, and timber have replaced mining as the primary economic forces in the county. Nearby mountains and streams offer hunting, fishing, skiing, and camping, which attract vacationers. The Forest Service owns 47% of the lands inside the county boundaries.

Politics

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State Legislature

Union County is located in Oregon State House District 57 which is currently represented by Greg Smith. It is also located in Oregon State Senate District 29, represented by David Nelson. Both Smith and Nelson are registered Republicans.[2]

Board of Commissioners

Union County is represented and governed by three County Commissioners. The Union County Board of Commissioners is currently made up of Steve McClure, R. Nellie Bogue Hibbert, and Mark Davidson. Steve McClure was selected to fill a vacant term then elected to his first full term in 1990. He is currently serving his third term. R. Nellie Bogue Hibbert was elected for her first term in 2006[3] and Mark Davidson was elected for his first term in 2008. All three current Union County Commissioners are members of the Republican Party.[4]

Make-up of Union County voters

Like all counties in eastern Oregon, the majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Union County are members of the Republican Party.[5] In the 2008 presidential election, 60.2 percent of Union County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 38.63 percent voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 3.22 percent of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate.[6] These numbers show a slight shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 65.7% of Union Country voters voted for George W. Bush, while 32.8% voted for John Kerry, and 1.5% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate.[7]

Unioncounty1.gif [5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,039 square miles (5,280 km²), of which, 2,037 square miles (5,275 km²) of it is land and 2 square miles (5 km²) of it (0.10%) is water.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1900 16,070
1910 16,191 0.8%
1920 16,636 2.7%
1930 17,492 5.1%
1940 17,399 −0.5%
1950 17,962 3.2%
1960 18,180 1.2%
1970 19,377 6.6%
1980 23,921 23.5%
1990 23,598 −1.4%
2000 24,530 3.9%
Est. 2007 24,753 0.9%
sources:[8][9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 24,530 people, 9,740 households, and 6,516 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 10,603 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.29% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.62% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. 2.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.2% were of German, 15.5% American, 12.2% English and 10.5% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 9,740 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.10% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 12.10% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,738, and the median income for a family was $40,520. Males had a median income of $33,028 versus $21,740 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,907. About 8.50% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

References

External links

Coordinates: 45°19′38″N 118°05′36″W / 45.327188°N 118.093239°W / 45.327188; -118.093239


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Union County, Oregon
Map
File:Map of Oregon highlighting Union County.png
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the USA highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded October 14, 1864
Seat La Grande
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.10%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

24530
Website: www.union-county.org

Union County is located in the U.S. state of Oregon. The county is named for the town of Union, which is located within its boundaries. In 2000, its population was 24,530. The seat of the county is La Grande.

Contents

Economy

The initial economic interest in the area was mining, but most of the mines were in the portion Baker County annexed in 1901. Farming (wheat, fruit, vegetables, and grass seeds), cattle, sheep raising, and timber have replaced mining as the primary economic forces in the county. Nearby mountains and streams offer hunting, fishing, skiing, and camping, which attract vacationers. The Forest Service owns 47% of the lands inside the county boundaries.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,280 km² (2,039 sq mi). 5,275 km² (2,037 sq mi) of it is land and 5 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.10%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 24,530 people, 9,740 households, and 6,516 families residing in the county. The population density was 5/km² (12/sq mi). There were 10,603 housing units at an average density of 2/km² (5/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 94.29% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.62% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. 2.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,740 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.10% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 12.10% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,738, and the median income for a family was $40,520. Males had a median income of $33,028 versus $21,740 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,907. About 8.50% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

History

Population growth in eastern Oregon during the early 1860s prompted the State Legislature to split Umatilla and Baker Counties from Wasco County in 1862. Further settlement in the Grande Ronde Valley led to the creation of Union County from Baker County on October 14, 1864.

The establishment of a county seat resulted in competition, based on geography and on economic and population growth, between La Grande and the city of Union. The county seat alternated between Union and La Grande until it permanently came to rest at La Grande in 1905. Between 1875 and 1913, adjustments were made between Union County's borders and the borders of Baker, Umatilla, and Wallowa Counties.

Communities

Incorporated cities

Unincorporated communities

External links

Maps and aerial photos

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Union County, Oregon. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Union County, OregonRDF feed
County names Union County, Oregon  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Oregon  +
Short name Union County  +

This article uses material from the "Union County, Oregon" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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