Uniontown, Pennsylvania: Wikis

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Uniontown
City
A mural celebrating local hero George Marshall and the city's current revitalization efforts.
Official name: City of Uniontown
Country  United States
State  Pennsylvania
County Fayette
Elevation 999 ft (304 m)
Coordinates 39°54′0″N 79°43′28″W / 39.9°N 79.72444°W / 39.9; -79.72444
Area 2.0 sq mi (5 km2)
Population 12,422 (2000)
Density 6,098.9 /sq mi (2,355 /km2)
Established 1776-07-04
Mayor Ed Fike
Timezone EST (UTC-4)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-5)
Area code 724
Location of Uniontown within Pennsylvania
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States

Uniontown is a city in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, 50 miles (80 km) southeast of Pittsburgh and part of the Pittsburgh Metro Area. Population in 1900, 7,344; in 1910, 13,344; in 1920, 15,692; and in 1940, 21,819. The population was 12,422 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat and largest city of Fayette County.[1]

Contents

History

The town was popularly known as Beesontown but was founded as "The Town of Union" by Henry Beeson on July 4, 1776, the same date as the United States Declaration of Independence (the timing was coincidental).[2] The National Road, also known as the Cumberland Road, was routed through Uniontown in the early 1800s and the town grew along with the road.Also located within 10 miles of Uniontown is Fort Necessity, built by George Washington during the French and Indian War.

Uniontown's role in the Underground Railroad is commemorated by a marker on the corner of East Main Street and Baker Alley.[3]

Uniontown was the site of violent clashes between striking coal miners and guards at the local coke works during the Bituminous Coal Miners' Strike of 1894. 15 guards armed with carbines and machine guns held off an attack by 1500 strikers, killing 5 and wounding 8.[4]

The Columbia Rolling Mill, an iron and steel works, was located in Uniontown from 1887 to 1895. The mill was the town's unquestioned top industry at that time.During the Coal Boom of the early part of the 20th century, Uniontown was home to at least 13 millionaires, the most (per capita) of any city in the United States. As with most of Western Pennsylvania, Uniontown's economy waned during the region's deindustrialization of the late 20th century.

Geography

Uniontown is located at 39°54'0" North, 79°43'28" West (39.900040, -79.724478).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.3 km²) The city is 999 feet (304 m) above mean sea level and rests at the base of Chestnut Ridge, the western-most ridge of the Appalachian mountains to the east. The National Pike or Cumberland Road crossed over the mountains and passed through the area which became the center of Uniontown. At this time, the route is now Business Route 40, as the mainline of US 40 bypasses the city center as a freeway loop, now called the George Marshall Parkway.

Not far from Uniontown is located Fallingwater.

Less then five miles away.

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 12,422 people, 5,423 households, and 3,031 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,098.9 people per square mile (2,351.1/km²). There were 6,320 housing units at an average density of 3,103.0/sq mi (1,196.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.17% White, 13.57% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population.

There were 5,423 households out of which 23.7% had children under the age of 18.2 living with them, 35.8% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.1% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 75 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.791.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 86.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,477, and the median income for a family was $28,523. Males had a median income of $26,758 versus $20,110 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,720. About 16.0% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

Fayette Building

Uniontown City Fire Department

The city of Uniontown is protected by a full-time career fire department. As well as a full-time staff the city also has volunteer fire fighters from 3 city companies.

The department operates out of two stations. Central station, located on North Beeson, houses 40 Truck 1, 40 Engine 1, 40 Engine 4 and 40 Rescue, as well as 40 Chief and three medic units. The medic units housed at central station are 401, 402 and 404. The second station is the East End firehouse located on Connellsville Street near Lincoln Street. The East End station houses 40 Engine 3 and 40 Truck 2. The Uniontown Fire Department also houses Medic 403 at the Hopwood Volunteer Fire Station in Hopwood, PA. Medic 403 serves North and South Union Townships as well as the City of Uniontown. The fire department also houses a reserve engine, 40 Engine 5, at the Union Hose Company station on East Main Street in the city. The city offers it's residents fire protection 24/7 with career fire fighters staffed at both stations.

Education

K-12

Catholic Elementary Schools

  • St. John the Evangelist School
  • St. Mary (Nativity) School
  • Chestnut Ridge Christian Academy (non-denominational)

Higher Education

Services

  • Uniontown Hospital, the largest of three hospitals in the county, is the city's and Fayette County's largest employer.

Media

  • The Herald-Standard, a newspaper based in Uniontown, serves the city and much of the surrounding area.
  • HSTV[7] provides local programming on Atlantic Broadband Cable channel 19.
  • Two radio stations are licensed to the Uniontown area on 590 AM WMBS and 99.3 FM WPKL.

Transportation

Uniontown is an important crossroads in Fayette County. The main route around town is a stretch of freeway bypass, the George Marshall Parkway, which is composed of parts of US 40 and US 119. US 119 enters the area as a two-lane route from Morgantown, West Virginia, and provides the northern half of the bypass before becoming a 4 lane route to Connellsville. US 40 enters the region as a 2 lane route from Brownsville. It serves as the southern half of the freeway before becoming a mountainous route through rural parts of the county and enters Maryland and reaches Interstate 68. The old portions of US 40, now signed as Business 40, serve the downtown area.

PA 51, a main four-lane route to Pittsburgh, and PA 21, which connects Fayette County with Greene County and Waynesburg, both terminate in Uniontown. PA 43, part of the Mon-Fayette Expressway project to connect Pittsburgh with Morgantown, is nearly complete around the Uniontown area.

Notable residents

  • General George Marshall, an American military leader, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense, was born in Uniontown.
  • Ernie Davis, the first African-American Heisman Trophy Winner, lived in Uniontown for most of his early life.
  • Chuck Muncie, former NFL star running back for the New Orleans Saints and San Diego Chargers, is originally from the city.
  • William James (American football), current NFL cornerback for the Detroit Lions, was born and raised here.

References

Torrean D. Epps "Torry": Torry Epps (May 28, 1967 — June 1, 2005[1]) was an American football defensive tackle in the National Football League for the Atlanta Falcons, the Chicago Bears, and the New Orleans Saints. He also played in the Arena Football League for the Tampa Bay Storm[2]. He played college football at Memphis State University. Epps died of a blood clot[citation needed] in 2005.

External links

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