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Unitary state: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A map showing the unitary states of the world (in blue).
The United Kingdom is a unitary state...
...while the United States is a federal state.

A unitary state is a sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions (subnational units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate. Many states in the world have a unitary system of government.

Unitary states are contrasted with federal states (federations):

Most countries with the Westminster system of government are unitary states except Australia, Canada and Malaysia, which have federal systems. These nations may be considered hybrids of both systems, employing the centrality of the unitary system at the federal level, and the sharing of power with states, provinces and territories found in federal systems.

Devolution (like federation) may be symmetrical, with all subnational units having the same powers and status, or asymmetric, with regions varying in their powers and status.

List of unitary states

See also



Simple English

A unitary state is a state whose three organs of state are ruled constitutionally as one unit, with central legislature.

These are examples of unitary states:


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