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The National Iraqi Alliance transliterated: (al-Ittilaf al-Watani al-Iraqi) also known as Watani List is an Iraqi electoral coalition that is contesting the Iraqi legislative election, 2010. The Alliance is mainly composed of Islamist parties. Previously it was known as the United Iraqi Alliance (Arabic: الائتلاف العراقي الموحد‎; transliterated: al-I'tilāf al-`Irāqī al-Muwaḥḥad) and achieved the most votes in the Iraqi elections of January 2005 and December 2005.

The component parties contested the 2009 provincial elections separately and in August 2009 they announced a new coalition for the 2010 parliamentary election without Prime Minister Maliki's Islamic Dawa Party.[1]

Unitediraqi.jpg

Contents

January 2005 Parliamentary Election

Abdul Aziz al-Hakim, leader of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, casts his ballot at a poll station in Baghdad.

The Alliance formed in the lead-up to the January 2005 elections from mainly Shi’ite groups most importantly the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, whose leader Abdul Aziz al-Hakim headed the list, and Islamic Dawa Party. Other important members included the secular Iraqi National Congress led by Ahmed Chalabi and the independent nuclear physicist Hussain Shahristani. It also included supporters of cleric Muqtada al-Sadr who preferred not to back his National Independent Cadres and Elites party, and a number of independent Sunni representatives. The coalition was widely believed to have been supported by senior Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, the most widely respected religious figure in Iraq. Although al-Sistani offered no official endorsement, many in Iraq understood the UIA to be the “al-Sistani list.”

The twenty two parties included in the coalition, which was called List 228, were:

  1. Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI)
  2. Badr Organisation
  3. Islamic Dawa Party (al-Dawa)
  4. Islamic Dawa Party—Iraq Organisation
  5. Islamic Virtue Party
  6. Hezbollah Movement in Iraq
  7. Hezbollah al-Iraq
  8. Islamic Action Organisation
  9. Sayyid Al-Shuhadaa Organisation
  10. Shaheed Al-Mihrab Organisation
  11. Iraqi National Congress (INC)
  12. Centrist Assembly Party
  13. Islamic Fayli Grouping in Iraq
  14. Fayli Kurd Islamic Union
  15. First Democratic National Party
  16. Assembly “Future of Iraq”
  17. Justice and Equality Grouping
  18. Islamic Master of the Martyrs Movement
  19. Islamic Union for Iraqi Turkomans
  20. Turkmen Fidelity Movement

Many members of the Alliance had lived in exile in Iran, including Ibrahim al-Jaafari, Iraq’s Prime Minister from 2005 to 2006, who led the Islamic Dawa Party. In 1980 thousands of al-Dawa supporters were imprisoned or executed after advocating replacing Saddam Hussein’s secular Ba'ath Party government with an Islamic government. The Iranian government supported their efforts and allowed members of Al-Da’wa to seek exile in Iran.

The Alliance received 4.08 million votes (48.1%) in the election, which gave the bloc 140 seats on the 275-seat Council of Representatives of Iraq. The Alliance's nominees included 42 women. The Alliance formed a coalition Iraqi Transitional Government with the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan. Ibrahim al-Jaafari, leader of the Islamic Dawa Party, became th Prime Minister of Iraq and Jalal Talabani of the Kurdistani Alliance became the President of Iraq.

In March 2005, the Iraqi Turkmen Front agreed to join the UIA’s caucus in the National Assembly. In return, Sistani reportedly pledged support for the recognition of Iraqi Turkmen as a national minority.[2]

December 2005 Parliamentary Election

The Iraqi National Congress left the alliance prior to the December 2005 elections, which also brought the Sadrist Movement more firmly into the Alliance. Al-Sistani also stated that he would not support any party in this election.

The election saw an increased turnout, mainly because the Sunni Arab population decided not to boycott. The alliance won 5.0 million votes (41.2%) an increase of 23% in the number of votes but a reduction of 6.9% in the vote share. They gained 128 seats, 12 fewer than the previous election.

Analysis of the seat allocation after the elections showed that the 109 district seats and 19 compensatory seats won by the UIA were split as follows:

Split of United Iraqi Alliance seats by party [1][2] (includes 2 members from The Upholders of the Message who caucus with the UIA)
Party District Seats Compensatory Seats Total
SIIC & Badr Organization 21 15 36
Sadrist Movement 27 2 29
Islamic Virtue Party 14 1 15
Islamic Dawa Party 13 0 13
Islamic Dawa Party - Iraq Organisation 12 0 12
Independents and others 24 1 25
Total 111 19 130

Other parties include:

  • Centrist Coalition Party
  • Turkman Islamic Union of Iraq
  • Justice and Equality Assembly
  • Iraqi Democratic Movement
  • Movement of Hizbullah in Iraq
  • Turkmen Loyalty Movement
  • Saed Al Shuhada Islamic Movement
  • Al Shabak Democratic Gathering
  • Malhan Al Mkoter
  • Reform And Building Meeting
  • The Justice Community
  • Iraq Ahrar

Following the election, the Islamic Virtue Party withdrew from the Alliance, saying they wanted to "prevent blocs forming on a sectarian basis". This followed differences with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki over control of the Oil Ministry in the Government of Iraq from 2006.[3] This was followed in September 2007 by the Sadrist Movement, who complained the Alliance was "dominated by some parties".[4]

The Alliance formed a coalition with the Kurdistani Alliance, the Sunni Arab-majority Iraqi Accord Front and the secularist Iraqi National List. The Alliance nominated Jaafari for another term as Prime Minister, but his appointment was blocked by the Alliance's coalition partners. Nouri al-Maliki, a deputy leader of the Islamic Dawa Party was agreed instead.[5]

2010 Parliamentary Election

The component parties contested the 2009 provincial elections separately and in August 2009 they announced a new coalition for the 2010 parliamentary election without Prime Minister Maliki's Islamic Dawa Party.[1] The chairman of the group is former Iraqi Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari.[6]

The parties taking part in the National Iraqi Alliance for the 2010 elections include:

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Results

Governorate Percentage Seats Won Total Seats
Anbar 14
Babil 16
Baghdad 68
Basra 24
Dhi Qar 18
Diyala 13
Duhok 10
Erbil 14
Karbala 10
Kirkuk 12
Maysan 10
Muthanna 7
Najaf 12
Ninawa 31
Qādisiyyah 11
Salah ad-Din 12
Sulaymaniyah 17
Wassit 11
Compensatory seats 7
Minorities 8
Total: 325

References

External links


The United Iraqi Alliance (Arabic: الائتلاف العراقي الموحد‎; transliterated: al-I'tilāf al-`Irāqī al-Muwaḥḥad) led by Abdul Aziz al-Hakim is a Shi'ite Islamist coalition, mainly Arab, that achieved the most votes in the Iraqi elections of January 2005 and December 2005.

The Alliance formed in the lead-up to the January 2005 elections from mainly Shi’ite groups most importantly the Islamic Dawa Party and Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq. Other important members included the secular Iraqi National Congress led by Ahmed Chalabi and the independent nuclear physicist Hussain Shahristani. It also included supporters of cleric Muqtada al-Sadr who preferred not to back his National Independent Cadres and Elites party, and a number of independent Sunni representatives. The coalition was widely believed to have been supported by senior Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, the most widely respected religious figure in Iraq, and although the Ayatollah offered no official endorsement, many in Iraq understood the UIA to be the “al-Sistani list.”

The Iraqi National Congress left the alliance prior to the December elections, which also brought the Sadrist Movement more firmly into the Alliance.

In March 2007, the Islamic Virtue Party withdrew from the Alliance, saying they wanted to "prevent blocs forming on a sectarian basis". This followed differences with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki over control of the Oil Ministry in the Government of Iraq from 2006. [1] This was followed in September 2007 by the Sadrist Movement, who complained the Alliance was "dominated by some parties". [2]

Contents

January 2005 elections

Of over 8.46 million votes cast, the UIA received the preponderance at 4.08 million (48.1%), which gave the bloc 140 seats on Iraq’s 275-seat National Assembly. Of the 140 seats the UIA garnered, 42 went to women. In total, 86 women held seats in the new Iraqi parliament, which is the highest number in all of the Arab world.

Many members of the Alliance lived in exile in Iran, including Ibrahim al-Jaafari, Iraq’s Prime Minister from 2005 to 2006, who leads the Islamic Al-Da’wa Party . In 1980 thousands of Al Da’wa Party supporters were imprisoned or executed after advocating replacing Saddam Hussein’s secular Ba’ath Party government with an Islamic government. The Iranian leadership, which had successfully ousted Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi during the 1979 Islamic Revolution, was supportive of their efforts and allowed members of Al-Da’wa to seek exile in Iran. The strong ties the UIA has to Iran, a member of President of the United States George W. Bush’s “Axis of Evil,” is troubling to some; however, President Bush has expressed hope and offered the candidates and the Iraqi people a congratulatory message.

In early March 2005, the Iraqi Turkmen Front agreed to join the UIA’s caucus in the National Assembly according to Zaman Online. In return, Sistani reportedly pledged support for the recognition of Iraqi Turkmen as a national minority.

Prior to the December elections the Iraqi National Congress left, and more of Muqtada al-Sadr’s joined. Al-Sistani also stated that he would not support any party in this election.

Parties on the list (22)

Candidates on the United Iraqi Alliance List (228)

December 2005 elections

Prior to the December 2005 elections the Alliance lost some members, most prominently the Iraqi National Congress. The alliance won in the December 2005 elections 41.2% and 128 out of 275 seats.

Split by Party

Analysis of the seat allocation after the elections showed that the 109 district seats and 19 compensatory seats won by the UIA were split as follows:

Split of United Iraqi Alliance seats by party [1][2] (includes 2 members from The Upholders of the Message who caucus with the UIA)
PartyDistrict SeatsCompensatory SeatsTotal
SIIC & Badr Organization 21 15 36
Sadrist Movement 27 2 29
Islamic Virtue Party 14 1 15
Islamic Dawa Party 13 0 13
Islamic Dawa Party - Iraq Organisation 12 0 12
Independents and others 24 1 25
Total 111 19 130

Other parties include:

  • Centrist Coalition Party
  • Turkman Islamic Union of Iraq
  • Justice and Equality Assembly
  • Iraqi Democratic Movement
  • Movement of Hizbullah in Iraq
  • Turkmen Loyalty Movement
  • Saed Al Shuhada Islamic Movement
  • Al Shabak Democratic Gathering
  • Malhan Al Mkoter
  • Reform And Building Meeting
  • The Justice Community
  • Iraq Ahrar

References

  1. Small party breaks away from Iraq Shi'ite bloc, Reuters, 2007-03-07, accessed on 2007-09-21
  2. Sadrist group quits ruling Shiite parliament bloc, China Daily, 2007-09-16, accessed on 2007-09-21

External links


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