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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
A flag featuring both cross and saltire in red, white and blue. Coat of arms containing shield and crown in centre, flanked by lion and unicorn.
Flag Royal coat of arms
Anthem"God Save the Queen"[note 1]
Two islands to the north west of continental Europe. Highlighted are the larger island and the north tip of the smaller island to the west.
Location of  United Kingdom  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  —  [Legend]

Capital
(and largest city)
London
51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.5°N 0.117°W / 51.5; -0.117
Official language(s) English (de facto)[note 2]
Recognised regional languages Irish, Ulster Scots, Scottish Gaelic , Scots, Welsh, Cornish[note 3]
Ethnic groups (2001
See: UK ethnic groups list[1])
92.1% White (mainly of British Isles descent, with minorities of other descent)
4.0% South Asian
2.0% Black
1.2% Mixed
0.4% Chinese
0.4% Other
Demonym British or Briton
Government Parliamentary democracy,
Constitutional monarchy,
Unitary state
 -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II
 -  Prime Minister Gordon Brown MP
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper House House of Lords
 -  Lower House House of Commons
Formation
 -  Acts of Union 1707 1 May 1707 
 -  Act of Union 1800 1 January 1801 
 -  Anglo-Irish Treaty 12 April 1922 
EU accession 1 January 1973
Area
 -  Total 243,610 km2 (79th)
94,060 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.34
Population
 -  2010 estimate 62,041,708[2] (22nd)
 -  2001 census 58,789,194[3] 
 -  Density 254.7/km2 (51th)
659.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $2.165 trillion[4] (6th)
 -  Per capita $35,400[5] (24th)
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $2.198 trillion[6] (6th)
 -  Per capita $36,000[7] (24th)
Gini (2005) 34[8] 
HDI (2007) 0.947[9] (very high) (21st)
Currency Pound sterling[note 4] (GBP)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
 -  Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Drives on the left[note 5]
Internet TLD .uk[note 6]
Calling code 44
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland[note 7] (commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain) is a sovereign state located off the northwestern coast of continental Europe. .It is an island country,[10][11] spanning an archipelago including Great Britain, the northeastern part of the island of Ireland, and many small islands.^ Xunta on 1st b/w 10 & 11 is a great place for sangria and flamenco.
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Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK with a land border, sharing it with the Republic of Ireland.[12][13] Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea. The largest island, Great Britain, is linked to France by the Channel Tunnel.
The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and unitary state consisting of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.[14] It is governed by a parliamentary system with its seat of government in London, the capital, but with three devolved national administrations in Belfast, Cardiff and Edinburgh, the capitals of Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland respectively. .The Channel Island bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey, and the Isle of Man are Crown Dependencies, which means they are constitutionally tied to the British monarch but are not part of the UK.[15] The UK has fourteen overseas territories,[16] all remnants of the British Empire, which at its height in 1922 encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land surface, the largest empire in history.^ I mean, if our dogs eat that stuff, and I know they use all the parts of animals these days for all sorts of stuff, what goes into the foods we eat.
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British influence can still be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies.
The UK is a developed country, with the world's sixth largest economy by nominal GDP[17] and the sixth largest by purchasing power parity.[18] It was the world's first industrialised country[19] and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries,[20] but the economic and social cost of two world wars and the decline of its empire in the latter half of the 20th century diminished its leading role in global affairs. The UK nevertheless remains a major power with strong economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence. It is a recognised nuclear weapons state and has the fourth highest defence spending in the world.[citation needed] It is a Member State of the European Union, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, G8, G20, NATO, OECD, and the World Trade Organization.

Contents

History

Painting of a bloody battle. Horses and infantry fight or lie on grass.
The Battle of Waterloo marked the end of the Napoleonic Wars and the start of Pax Britannica.
On 1 May 1707, the Kingdom of Great Britain[21][22] was created by the political union of the Kingdom of England (which included Wales) and the Kingdom of Scotland. This event was the result of the Treaty of Union that was agreed on 22 July 1706,[23] and then ratified by both the Parliament of England and Parliament of Scotland each passing an Act of Union in 1707. Almost a century later, the Kingdom of Ireland, already under English control by 1691, merged with the Kingdom of Great Britain to form the United Kingdom with the passing of the Act of Union 1800.[24] .Although England and Scotland had been separate states prior to 1707, they had been in personal union since the Union of the Crowns in 1603, when James VI King of Scots had inherited the throne of the Kingdoms of England and Ireland and moved his court from Edinburgh to London.^ They played "Sing" and "Love Will Come Through", which I know are some of your favorite songs since I heard them on Scrubs and Garden State!
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[25][26]
Map of the world. Canada, the eastern United States, countries in east Africa, India, most of Australasia, and some other countries are highlighted in pink.
Territories that were at one time part of the British Empire. Current British Overseas Territories are underlined in red.
In its first century, the United Kingdom played an important role in developing Western ideas of the parliamentary system as well as making significant contributions to literature, the arts, and science.[27] The UK-led Industrial Revolution transformed the country and fueled the growing British Empire. .During this time, the UK, like other great powers was involved in colonial exploitation, including the Atlantic slave trade, although with the passing of the Slave Trade Act in 1807 the UK took a leading role in combatting the trade in slaves.^ I like what you have done here, thanks for taking the time out of your busy schedule to make great blog posts like this one.
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[28]
After the defeat of Napoleon in the Napoleonic Wars, the UK emerged as the principal naval power of the 19th century and remained an eminent power into the mid-20th century. The British Empire expanded to its maximum size by 1921, gaining the League of Nations mandate over former German and Ottoman colonies after World War I. .One year later, the British Broadcasting Company was created.^ About a year later I heard you were making it into a movie, which blew me away, as no one I knew had even heard of the book.
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[29] It subsequently became the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)[29] and went on to become the world's first large-scale international broadcasting network.[citation needed]
Black and white photo of two dozen men in military uniforms and metal helmets sitting or standing in a muddy trench.
Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme. More than 885,000 British soldiers lost their lives on the battlefields of World War I.
Disputes within Ireland over the terms of Irish Home Rule led eventually to the partition of the island in 1921.[30] Concurrently, victory for Sinn Féin in the 1918 general election, followed by a war of independence in Ireland led to Dominion status for the Irish Free State in 1922 with Northern Ireland opting to be part of the UK.[31] As a result, in 1927, the formal name of the UK was changed to its current name, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Great Depression broke out at a time when the UK was still far from having recovered from the effects of the World War I.
The United Kingdom was one of the Allies of World War II. Following the defeat of its European allies in the first year of the war, the United Kingdom continued the fight against Germany in the aerial campaign known as the Battle of Britain. After the victory, the UK was among the powers to help plan the postwar world. World War II left the United Kingdom financially damaged. However, Marshall Aid and costly loans taken from both the United States and Canada helped the UK on the road to recovery.[32]
Aircraft viewed from above against clouds. One or two men fly the single propeller aircraft, and concentric circles are painted on the wings.
The Battle of Britain ended the German advance in Western Europe.
.The immediate post-war years saw the establishment of the Welfare State, including among the world's first and most comprehensive public health services.^ I first checked out your website the day I first saw Garden State.
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^ Oddly enough, I first saw you in Garden State - a bit backwards from most I'm sure.
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^ From the very first time (since there have many numerous) that I saw you in Garden State I have been thee biggest fan.
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Changes in government policy also brought people from all over the Commonwealth to create a multiethnic Britain. Although the new postwar limits of Britain's political role were confirmed by the Suez Crisis of 1956, the international spread of the English language meant the continuing influence of its literature and culture, while from the 1960s its popular culture also found influence abroad.
Following a period of global economic slowdown and industrial strife in the 1970s, the 1980s saw the inflow of substantial North Sea oil revenues and economic growth. The premiership of Margaret Thatcher marked a significant change of direction from the post-war political and economic consensus; a path that has continued under the New Labour governments of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown since 1997.
The United Kingdom was one of the 12 founding members of the European Union at its launch in 1992 with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty. Prior to that, it had been a member of the EU's forerunner, the European Economic Community (EEC), from 1973. The attitude of the present Labour government towards further integration with this organisation is mixed,[33] with the Official Opposition, the Conservative Party, favouring fewer powers and competencies being transferred to the EU.[34] The end of the 20th century saw major changes to the governance of the UK with the establishment of devolved national administrations for Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales following pre-legislative referenda.[35]

Government and politics

.The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy: Queen Elizabeth II is head of state of the UK as well as of fifteen other Commonwealth countries, putting the UK in a personal union with those other states.^ SCRUBS, I absolutely cannot get enough of Garden State..actually me and my group of friends watched it my friend, Elizabeth's, house the other night.
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^ I recently learnt about your other movies and love Garden State as well.
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The Crown has sovereignty over the Crown Dependencies of the Isle of Man and the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey, which are not part of the United Kingdom though the UK government manages their foreign affairs and defence and the UK Parliament has the authority to legislate on their behalf.
.The United Kingdom has an uncodified constitution,[36] as do only two other countries in the world.^ I can only say that about one other actor (okay, maybe two).
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The Constitution of the United Kingdom thus consists mostly of a collection of disparate written sources, including statutes, judge-made case law, and international treaties. .As there is no technical difference between ordinary statutes and "constitutional law," the UK Parliament can perform "constitutional reform" simply by passing Acts of Parliament and thus has the power to change or abolish almost any written or unwritten element of the constitution.^ Hey Zach, there's no need to justify things written about you in the press to us.
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^ I like the way the show depicted it, though - that there is no either/or but rather a delicate balance between the two.
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However, no Parliament can pass laws that future Parliaments cannot change.[37]
The UK has a parliamentary government based on the Westminster system that has been emulated around the world—a legacy of the British Empire. The Parliament of the United Kingdom that meets in the Palace of Westminster has two houses: an elected House of Commons and an appointed House of Lords, and any Bill passed requires Royal Assent to become law. It is the ultimate legislative authority in the United Kingdom since the devolved parliament in Scotland and devolved assemblies in Northern Ireland, and Wales are not sovereign bodies and could be abolished by the UK parliament despite being established following public approval as expressed in referenda.
Large sand-coloured building of Gothic design beside brown river and road bridge. The building has several large towers, including large clock-tower.
The Palace of Westminster, seat of the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom—the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
The position of Prime Minister, the UK's head of government,[38] belongs to the Member of Parliament who can obtain the confidence of a majority in the House of Commons, usually the current leader of the largest political party in that chamber. The Prime Minister and Cabinet are formally appointed by the Monarch to form Her Majesty's Government, though the Prime Minister chooses the Cabinet, and by convention HM The Queen respects the Prime Minister's choices.[39]
The Cabinet is traditionally drawn from members of the Prime Minister's party in both legislative houses, and mostly from the House of Commons, to which they are responsible. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and Cabinet, all of whom are sworn into Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, and become Ministers of the Crown. The Rt Hon Gordon Brown MP, leader of the Labour Party, has been Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Minister for the Civil Service since 27 June 2007.[39]
For elections to the House of Commons, the UK is currently divided into 646 constituencies, with 529 in England, 18 in Northern Ireland, 59 in Scotland and 40 in Wales,[40] though this number will rise to 650 at the 2010 general election. Each constituency elects one Member of Parliament by simple plurality. General elections are called by the Monarch when the Prime Minister so advises. .Though there is no minimum term for a Parliament, the Parliament Act (1911) requires that a new election must be called within five years of the previous general election.^ Even though I no longer live there, I am still a Jersey Girl at heart.
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^ I like the way the show depicted it, though - that there is no either/or but rather a delicate balance between the two.
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^ Unfortunately for me, I live in North Carolina though, and, although I have family in New York, I just can't make it there anytime soon.
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The UK's three major political parties are the Labour Party, the Conservative Party, and the Liberal Democrats, who won between them 616 out of the 646 seats available in the House of Commons at the 2005 general election. Most of the remaining seats were won by parties that only contest elections in one part of the UK such as the Scottish National Party (Scotland only), Plaid Cymru (Wales only), and the Democratic Unionist Party, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Ulster Unionist Party, and Sinn Féin (Northern Ireland only, though Sinn Féin also contests elections in Ireland). In accordance with party policy, no elected Sinn Féin Member of Parliament has ever attended the House of Commons to speak in the House on behalf of their constituents as Members of Parliament are required to take an oath of allegiance to the Monarch.[41]
For elections to the European Parliament, the UK currently has 72 MEPs, elected in 12 multi-member constituencies.[42] Questions over sovereignty have been brought forward because of the UK's membership of the European Union.[43]

Devolved national administrations

Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales each has its own government or Executive, led by a First Minister, and a devolved, unicameral legislature. England, the largest country of the United Kingdom, has no devolved executive or legislature and is administered and legislated for directly by the UK government and parliament on all issues. This situation has given rise to the so-called West Lothian question which concerns the fact that MPs from Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales can vote, sometimes decisively,[44] on matters affecting England that are handled by devolved legislatures for their own constituencies.[45]
The Scottish Government and Parliament have wide ranging powers over any matter that has not been specifically 'reserved' to the UK parliament, including education, healthcare, Scots law and local government.[46] Following their victory at the 2007 elections, the pro-independence Scottish National Party (SNP) formed a minority government with its leader, Alex Salmond, becoming First Minister of Scotland.[47] The pro-union parties responded to the electoral success of the SNP by creating a Commission on Scottish Devolution[48] which reported in 2009, recommending that additional powers should be devolved, including control of half the income tax raised in Scotland.[49]
The Welsh Assembly Government and the National Assembly for Wales have more limited powers than those devolved to Scotland,[50] although following the passing of the Government of Wales Act 2006, the Assembly can now legislate in some areas through Assembly Measures passed within clearly defined areas based upon, Legislative Competence Orders which can be granted on a case by case basis.[51] The current Welsh Assembly Government was formed several weeks after the 2007 elections, following a brief period of minority administration, when Plaid Cymru joined Labour in a coalition government under the continuing leadership of First Minister Rhodri Morgan.

Local government

Three-story church-like building in Gothic style with clock tower.
Manchester Town Hall, used for the local governance of Manchester, is an example of Victorian era Gothic revival architecture.[53][54]
The administrative geography of the United Kingdom is complex, multi-layered and non-uniform as each country of the United Kingdom has its own system of administrative and geographic demarcation with origins that pre-date the United Kingdom itself. Consequently, there is "no common stratum of administrative unit encompassing the United Kingdom".[55] Until the 19th century there was little change to those arrangements, but since then there has been a constant evolution of role and function.[56] Change did not occur in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales in a uniform manner, and the devolution of power over local government to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland means that future changes are unlikely to be uniform either.
The organisation of local government in England is complex, with the distribution of functions varying according to the local arrangements. Legislation concerning local government in England is decided by the UK parliament and the government of the United Kingdom, because England does not have a devolved parliament. The upper-tier subdivisions of England are the nine Government office regions or European Union government office regions.[57] One region, Greater London, has had a directly elected assembly and mayor since 2000 following popular support for the proposal in a referendum.[58] It was intended that other regions would also be given their own elected regional assemblies, but a rejection by a referendum in 2004 of a proposed assembly in the North East region stopped this idea in its tracks.[59] Below the region level, London consists of 32 London boroughs and the rest of England has either county councils and district councils or unitary authorities. Councillors are elected by First Past The Post in single member wards or by the multi-member plurality system in multi-member wards.[60]
Cardiff City Hall, used for local governance of the Welsh capital, was constructed with Portland stone inspired by English and French Renaissance styles during the height of the city's prosperity from the coal industry.[61]
.Local government in Northern Ireland has, since 1973, been organised into 26 district councils, each elected by single transferable vote with powers limited to services like collecting waste, controlling dogs, and maintaining parks and cemeteries.^ But since i'm not, maybe you'd like to bump into this other guy called Daniel Wu.
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[62] However, on 13 March 2008, the Executive agreed on proposals to create 11 new councils to replace the present system[63] and the next local elections will be postponed until 2011 to facilitate this.[64]
Local government in Scotland is divided on a basis of 32 council areas, with wide variation in both size and population. The cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Dundee are separate council areas as also is Highland Council, which includes a third of Scotland's area but just over 200,000 people. The power invested in local authorities is administered by elected councillors, of which there are currently 1,222[65] who are each paid a part-time salary. Elections are conducted by single transferable vote in multi-member wards that elect either three or four councillors. Each council elects a Provost or Convenor to chair meetings of the council and to act as a figurehead for the area. Councillors are subject to a code of conduct enforced by the Standards Commission for Scotland.[66] The representative association of Scotland's local authorities is the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA).[67]
Local government in Wales consists of 22 unitary authorities, including the cities of Cardiff, Swansea and Newport, which are separate unitary authorities in their own right.[68] .Elections are held every four years by First Past The Post[69] with the most recent elections being in May, 2008. The Welsh Local Government Association represents the interests of local authorities in Wales.^ I had to download its entire first and second season and of course being a 16 year old girl, I'm a teeny weeny bit obsessed with Wentworth Miller.
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^ Hey Zach, Just wanted to say (despite this post being a few months old...though the most recent) that I love all of your works, be they acting, directing or even musical production.
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[70]

Foreign relations and armed forces

The United Kingdom is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, G8, G7, G20, NATO, OECD, WTO, Council of Europe, OSCE, and a member state of the European Union. The UK's most notable alliance is its "Special Relationship" with the United States. Britain's close allies include European Union and NATO members, Commonwealth nations and others such as Japan. Britain's global presence and influence is further amplified through its trading relations, development assistance, and its armed forces, which maintain approximately eighty military installations and other deployments around the globe.[71]
The Army, Navy and Air Force are collectively known as the British Armed Forces and officially as HM Armed Forces. The three forces are managed by the Ministry of Defence and controlled by the Defence Council, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence.
Rocket launch from sea. A large tail of flames escape from the end of the rocket, connecting with a large splash in an otherwise calm sea.
A test launch of a Trident II MIRV SLBM from one of the Royal Navy's Vanguard class submarines
The United Kingdom fields one of the most technologically advanced and best trained armed forces in the world. According to various sources, including the Ministry of Defence, the UK has the third highest military expenditure in the world, despite only having the 27th largest military in terms of manpower. Total defence spending currently accounts for 2.5% of total national GDP.[72] The UK maintains the largest air force and navy in the EU and second largest in NATO.
The Royal Navy is a blue-water navy, currently one of the few, along with the French Navy and the United States Navy.[73] The Ministry of Defence signed contracts worth £3.2bn to build two new supercarrier sized aircraft carriers on 3 July 2008.[74]
The United Kingdom is one of the five recognised countries possessing nuclear weapons, utilising the Vanguard class submarine-based Trident II ballistic missile system.
The British Armed Forces are charged with protecting the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, promoting the United Kingdom's global security interests, and supporting international peacekeeping efforts. They are active and regular participants in NATO, including the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps, as well as the Five Power Defence Arrangements, RIMPAC, and other worldwide coalition operations. Overseas garrisons and facilities are maintained at Ascension Island, Belize, Brunei, Canada, Diego Garcia, the Falkland Islands, Germany, Gibraltar, Kenya, Cyprus, and Qatar.[75]
Convoy of Jeeps carrying camouflaged soldiers across desert.
British troops in Afghanistan as a part of the International Security Assistance Force
In 2009, the British Army had a reported strength of 146,100, the Royal Air Force had 45,210 personnel and the Navy 39,320.
The United Kingdom Special Forces, such as the Special Air Service and Special Boat Service, provide troops trained for quick, mobile, military responses in counter-terrorism, land, maritime and amphibious operations, often where secrecy or covert tactics are required.
There are reserve forces supporting the Active military. These include the Territorial Army, the Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Marines Reserve and the Royal Auxiliary Air Force. This puts total active and reserve duty military personnel at approximately 420,500 plus a 150,000 paramilitary force giving a total of 570,000.
Despite the United Kingdom's military capabilities, recent pragmatic defence policy has a stated assumption that "the most demanding operations" would be undertaken as part of a coalition.[76] Setting aside the intervention in Sierra Leone, operations in Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq may all be taken as precedent. Indeed the last war in which the British military fought alone was the Falklands War of 1982, in which they were victorious.

Law and criminal justice

The United Kingdom does not have a single legal system since it was created by the political union of previously independent countries, with Article 19 of the Treaty of Union guaranteeing the continued existence of Scotland's separate legal system.[77] Today the UK has three distinct systems of law: English law, Northern Ireland law and Scots law. .Recent constitutional changes saw a new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom come into being in October 2009 to take on the appellate functions of the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords.^ It is beyond awesome to hear things from you, but I gotta tell you as soon as I saw all of the recent google news was somehow about you being a jerk (and one about smooching) I lost all motivation to actually see what the media was reporting about you.
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[78][79] The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, including the same members as the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords, is the highest court of appeal for several independent Commonwealth countries, the UK overseas territories, and the British crown dependencies.

England, Wales and Northern Ireland

Both English law, which applies in England and Wales, and Northern Ireland law are based on common-law principles. The essence of common law is that, subject to statute, the law is developed by judges in court, applying statute, precedent and common sense to the facts before them, to give explanatory judgements of the relevant legal principles, which are reported and binding in future similar cases (stare decisis).
The courts of England and Wales are headed by the Senior Courts of England and Wales, consisting of the Court of Appeal, the High Court of Justice (for civil cases) and the Crown Court (for criminal cases). The Supreme Court is the highest court in the land for both criminal and civil appeal cases in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and any decision it makes is binding on every other court in the same jurisdiction, and often has persuasive effect in its other jurisdictions. On appeal, a court may overrule the decisions of its inferior courts, such as county courts (civil) and magistrates' courts (criminal). The High Court may also quash on judicial review both administrative decisions of the Government and delegated legislation.
The courts of Northern Ireland are headed by the Court of Judicature of Northern Ireland, consisting of the Northern Ireland Court of Appeal, the Northern Ireland High Court of Justice and the Northern Ireland Crown Court. Below that are county courts and magistrates' courts.
Crime in England and Wales increased in the period between 1981 and 1995, though since that peak there has been an overall fall of 48% in crime from 1995 to 2007/8,[80] according to crime statistics. Despite the fall in recorded crime rates, the prison population of England and Wales has almost doubled over the same period, to over 80,000, giving England and Wales the highest rate of incarceration in Western Europe at 147 per 100,000.[81] Her Majesty's Prison Service, which reports to the Ministry of Justice, manages most of the prisons within England and Wales.

Scotland

Scots law, a hybrid system based on both common-law and civil-law principles, applies in Scotland. The chief courts are the Court of Session, for civil cases,[82] and the High Court of Justiciary, for criminal cases.[83] The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom serves as the highest court of appeal for civil cases under Scots law, with leave to appeal from the Court of Session not required as a general rule.[84]
Sheriff courts deal with most civil and criminal cases including conducting criminal trials with a jury, known as sheriff solemn court, or with a sheriff and no jury, known as (sheriff summary Court. The sheriff courts provide a local court service with 49 sheriff courts organised across six sheriffdoms.[85] The Scots legal system is unique in having three possible verdicts for a criminal trial: "guilty", "not guilty" and "not proven". Both "not guilty" and "not proven" result in an acquittal with no possibility of retrial.[86]
The Cabinet Secretary for Justice is the member of the Scottish Government responsible for the police, the courts and criminal justice, and the Scottish Prison Service, which manages the prisons in Scotland.[87] Though the level of recorded crime in 2007/8 has fallen to the lowest for 25 years,[88] the prison population, at over 8,000,[89] is hitting record levels and is well above design capacity.[90]

Geography

Map of United Kingdom showing hilly regions to north and west, and flattest region in the south-east.
The topography of the UK.
.The total area of the United Kingdom is approximately 243,610 square kilometres (94,060 sq mi)[8] comprising of the island of Great Britain, the northeastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland (Northern Ireland) and smaller islands.^ Not to mention that SOUNDTRACK. I mean my god, how does one guy come up with such great stuff.
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^ I flew Iberia - great food but none of my planes were on time except the last one and my suitcase stayed in Madrid for 2 days while I went on to Mallorca!
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[8] It lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, coming within 35 kilometres (22 mi) of the northwest coast of France, from which it is separated by the English Channel.[8]
Great Britain lies between latitudes 49° and 59° N (the Shetland Islands reach to nearly 61° N), and longitudes 8° W to 2° E. The Royal Greenwich Observatory, in London, is the defining point of the Prime Meridian. .When measured directly north-south, Great Britain is a little over 1,100 kilometres (700 mi) in length and is a fraction under 500 kilometres (300 mi) at its widest, but the greatest distance between two points is 1,350 kilometres (840 mi) between Land's End in Cornwall (near Penzance) and John o' Groats in Caithness (near Thurso).^ My family didn't care for it all that much because it didn't have the typical happy ending so I guess that just missed the whole point of the honesty of the movie.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm currently 15 years old, nearing 16 and nearing the end of my high school years, well..
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My summer vacation ends in about 12 hours, when I go to my first summer class, so I'm a little jealous.
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Northern Ireland shares a 360-kilometre (224 mi) land boundary with the Republic of Ireland.[8]
The United Kingdom has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round.[8] The temperature varies with the seasons but seldom drops below −10 °C (14.0 °F) or rises above 35 °C (95 °F). The prevailing wind is from the southwest, bearing frequent spells of mild and wet weather from the Atlantic Ocean.[8] Eastern parts are most sheltered from this wind and are therefore the driest. Atlantic currents, warmed by the Gulf Stream, bring mild winters, especially in the west, where winters are wet, especially over high ground. .Summers are warmest in the south east of England, being closest to the European mainland, and coolest in the north.^ East Coast is the coolest place ever, I especially love New England.
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Snowfall can occur in winter and early spring, though it rarely settles to great depth away from high ground.
.England accounts for just over half of the total area of the UK, covering 130,410 square kilometres (50,350 sq mi).^ I just knew you were the voice for Wendy's, now my friend owns me 10 bucks :D Can't wait for Scrubs, and yes Knocked Up was totally hilarious.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm 15 yrs old, live in Cornwall (England) and lets just say "Friends" used to be my favourite sitcom.
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Most of the country consists of lowland terrain, with mountainous terrain north-west of the Tees-Exe line including the Cumbrian Mountains of the Lake District, the Pennines and limestone hills of the Peak District, Exmoor and Dartmoor. The main rivers and estuaries are the Thames, Severn and the Humber. England's highest mountain is Scafell Pike (978 metres (3,209 ft)), which is in the Lake District. England has a number of large towns and cities, including six of the top 50 Larger Urban Zones in the European Union.
Ben Nevis, in Scotland, is the highest point in the British Isles
The northern 40% of the largest island is Scotland, the southern 60% is England and Wales. Wales is a peninsula about 15% the size of England. Northern Ireland is shown as the north-east of the western island, taking about one-sixth the area.
The four countries of the United Kingdom.
.Scotland accounts for just under a third of the total area of the UK, covering 78,772 square kilometres (30,410 sq mi),[91] including nearly eight hundred islands,[92] predominantly west and north of the mainland, notably the Hebrides, Orkney Islands and Shetland Islands.^ I just knew you were the voice for Wendy's, now my friend owns me 10 bucks :D Can't wait for Scrubs, and yes Knocked Up was totally hilarious.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And for the last couple of days, I took a little holiday from my job, just a little and I just injected 16 DVD nearly straight into my Cerebral and Cardiac.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I live in long island, and i just want to say that at my job all i do is watch scrubs...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The topography of Scotland is distinguished by the Highland Boundary Fault – a geological rock fracture – which traverses the Scottish mainland from Helensburgh to Stonehaven. The faultline separates two distinctively different regions; namely the Highlands to the north and west and the lowlands to the south and east. The more rugged Highland region contains the majority of Scotland's mountainous land, including Ben Nevis, which at 1,343 metres (4,406 ft) is the highest point in the British Isles.[93] Lowland areas, especially the narrow waist of land between the Firth of Clyde and the Firth of Forth known as the Central Belt, are flatter and home to most of the population including Glasgow, Scotland's largest city, and Edinburgh, the capital and political centre of the country.
The geography of Wales accounts for less than a tenth of the total area of the UK, covering 20,758 square kilometres (8,010 sq mi). Wales is mostly mountainous, though South Wales is less mountainous than North and mid Wales. The main population and industrial areas are in South Wales, consisting of the coastal cities of Cardiff, Swansea and Newport and the South Wales Valleys to their north. The highest mountains in Wales are in Snowdonia, and include Snowdon (Welsh: Yr Wyddfa), which, at 1,085 m (3,560 ft) is the highest peak in Wales. The 14 (or possibly 15) Welsh mountains over 3,000 feet (914 m) high are known collectively as the Welsh 3000s. Wales has over 1,200 km (750 miles) of coastline. There are several islands off the Welsh mainland, the largest of which is Anglesey (Ynys Môn) in the northwest.
Northern Ireland accounts for just 14,160 square kilometres (5,470 sq mi) and is mostly hilly. It includes Lough Neagh, at 388 square kilometres (150 sq mi), the largest body of water in the UK and Ireland.[94] The highest peak in Northern Ireland is Slieve Donard at 849 metres (2,785 ft) in the Mourne Mountains.

Cities and conurbations

.The capitals of the individual countries of the UK are: Belfast (Northern Ireland), Cardiff (Wales), Edinburgh (Scotland) and London (England); the latter is also the capital of the UK as a whole.^ Jack, Edinburgh,Scotland,UK. =D .
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[8]
The largest conurbations are:
Rank City Location Pop. Rank City Location Pop.
1 London London 7,172,091 11 Coventry West Midlands 303,475
2 Birmingham West Midlands 970,892 12 Kingston upon Hull Yorkshire and the Humber 301,416
3 Glasgow Scotland 629,501 13 Bradford Yorkshire and the Humber 293,717
4 Liverpool North West England 469,017 14 Cardiff Wales 292,150
5 Leeds Yorkshire and the Humber 443,247 15 Belfast Northern Ireland 276,459
6 Sheffield Yorkshire and the Humber 439,866 16 Stoke-on-Trent West Midlands 259,252
7 Edinburgh Scotland 430,082 17 Wolverhampton West Midlands 251,462
8 Bristol South West England 420,556 18 Nottingham East Midlands 249,584
9 Manchester North West England 394,269 19 Plymouth South West England 243,795
10 Leicester East Midlands 330,574 20 Southampton South East England 234,224
2001 Census

Demography

A Census occurs simultaneously in all parts of the UK every ten years.[95] The Office for National Statistics is responsible for collecting data for England and Wales with the General Register Office for Scotland and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency each being responsible for censuses in their respective countries.[96]

Population

.At the most recent census in 2001, the total population of the United Kingdom was 58,789,194, the third largest in the European Union, the fifth largest in the Commonwealth and the twenty-first largest in the world.^ I have recently started writing screenplays myself and its the most fun in the world.
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.By mid-2008, this was estimated to have grown to 61,383,000.[97] In 2008, natural population growth overtook net migration as the main contributor to population growth for the first time since 1998.[97] Between 2001 and 2008, the population increased by an average annual rate of 0.5 per cent.^ I started watching for the first time during the winter when I was sick and since then have watched about every episode.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From the very first time (since there have many numerous) that I saw you in Garden State I have been thee biggest fan.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is my first time responding to a blog which is sort of funny since my husband has a blog yet I've never posted a comment to his.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This compares to 0.3 per cent per year in the period 1991 to 2001, and 0.2 per cent in the decade 1981 to 1991.[97] Published in 2008, the mid-2007 population estimates revealed that, for the first time, the UK was home to more people of pensionable age than children under the age of 16.[98]
England's population in mid-2008 was estimated to be 51.44 million.[97] It is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with 383 people resident per square kilometre in mid-2003,[99] with a particular concentration in London and the South East.[100] The mid-2008 estimates put Scotland's population at 5.17 million, Wales at 2.99 million and Northern Ireland at 1.78 million,[97] with much lower population densities than England. Compared to England's 383 inhabitants per square kilometre (990 /sq mi), the corresponding figures were 142 /km2 (370 /sq mi) for Wales, 125 /km2 (320 /sq mi) for Northern Ireland and just 65 /km2 (170 /sq mi) for Scotland in mid-2003.[99] Northern Ireland had the fastest growing population in percentage terms of all of the four constituent countries of the UK in each of the four years to mid-2008.[97]
In 2008, the average total fertility rate (TFR) across the UK was 1.96 children per woman.[101] While a rising birth rate is contributing to current population growth, it remains considerably below the 'baby boom' peak of 2.95 children per woman in 1964,[102] below the replacement rate of 2.1, but higher than the 2001 record low of 1.63.[101] Scotland had the lowest fertility at only 1.8 children per woman, while Northern Ireland had the highest at 2.11 children in 2008.[101]

Migration

.The proportion of foreign-born people in the UK remains slightly below that of some other European countries,[103] although immigration is now contributing to a rising population,[104] accounting for about half of the population increase between 1991 and 2001. Citizens of the European Union have the right to live and work in any member state[105] and one in six immigrants were from Eastern European countries that joined the EU in 2004, with larger numbers coming from New Commonwealth countries,[106] particularly South Asia.^ I know you're probably angry about the whole thing but I hope it did better in other countries.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would agree with some others here, we would love to see you on stage...think about it.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Strange how it doesn't seem to bother most of us when we feed a dog or a person some other part(s) of another critter, but when it comes to THAT part.....
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[107] People from South Asia accounted for two-thirds of net immigration in 2005,[108] mainly fueled by family reunion.[109] Transitional arrangements apply to Romanians and Bulgarians whose countries joined the EU in January 2007.[110]
Analysis of Office for National Statistics data shows that 2.3 million net migrants moved to the UK in the period 1991 to 2006,[111][112] 84 per cent of them from outside Europe.[113] In 2008 it was predicted that migration would add 7 million to the UK population by 2031,[114] though these figures are disputed.[115] The latest official figures show that in 2008, 590,000 people arrived to live in the UK whilst 427,000 left, meaning that net inward migration was 163,000.[116]
Estimated foreign-born population by country of birth, April 2007–March 2008
British citizens living overseas
At least 5.5 million British-born people are living abroad,[117][118][119] with Australia, Spain, the United States, and Canada being the top four destinations.[117][120]
In 2006, there were 149,035 applications for British citizenship, 32% fewer than in 2005. The number of people granted citizenship during 2006 was 154,095, 5% fewer than in 2005. The largest groups of people granted British citizenship were from India, Pakistan, Somalia and the Philippines.[121] 21.9% of babies born in England and Wales in 2006 were born to mothers who were born outside the UK, (146,956 out of 669,601), according to official statistics released in 2007.[122]
.Research conducted by the Migration Policy Institute for the Equality and Human Rights Commission suggests that, between May 2004 and September 2009, 1.5 million workers migrated from the new EU member states to the UK, with two-thirds being Polish, but that many have returned home, with the result that the number of nationals of the new member states in the UK increased by some 700,000 over the same period.^ My adult son just returned from Japan to join his parents in downizing a five bedroom home in Illinois to a two bedroom home in New Jersey.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After Katrina and the time I spent in New Orleans with an Oregon National Guard infantry company, I came home with a very heavy heart.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I wouldn't have necessarily picked you two as being a couple, but most of the time opposites attract, right?!?!
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[123][124] The late-2000s recession in the UK reduced the economic incentive for Poles to migrate to the UK,[125] with the migration becoming temporary and circular.[126]
The UK government is currently introducing a points-based immigration system for immigration from outside of the European Economic Area that will replace existing schemes, including the Scottish Government's Fresh Talent Initiative.

Ethnic groups

Historically, British people were thought to be descended from the varied ethnic stocks that settled there before the 11th century; the Celts, Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Norse and the Normans. .However, recent genetic analysis indicates that "about 75 per cent of the traceable ancestors of the modern British population had arrived in the British isles by about 6,200 years ago, at the start of the British Neolithic or Stone Age", and that the British broadly share a common ancestry with the Basque people.^ My boyfriend of two years who I wanted (and still want) to marry broke up with me about a month ago.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I met your father about 2 years ago in Massachusetts.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think The Unicorn in the wendys add was not an original idea as i wrote in my livejournal about unicorns and fast food 2 years ago.
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[127][128][129]
Britain has a long history of immigration, with Liverpool having the oldest Black population in the country, dating back to at least the 1730s,[130] and the oldest Chinese community in Europe, dating to the arrival of Chinese seamen in the nineteenth century.[131]
Since 1945, substantial immigration from Africa, the Caribbean and South Asia has been a legacy of ties forged by the British Empire. .Migration from new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe since 2004 has resulted in growth in these population groups, but, as of 2008, the trend is reversing and many of these migrants are returning home, leaving the size of these groups unknown.^ My adult son just returned from Japan to join his parents in downizing a five bedroom home in Illinois to a two bedroom home in New Jersey.
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[132] As of 2001, 92.1% of the population identified themselves as White, leaving 7.9%[133] of the UK population identifying themselves as mixed race or ethnic minority.
Ethnic group Population  % of total*
White &0000000054153898.00000054,153,898 92.1%
Black &0000000001148738.0000001,148,738 2.0%
Mixed race &0000000000677117.000000677,117 1.2%
Indian &0000000001053411.0000001,053,411 1.8%
Pakistani &0000000000747285.000000747,285 1.3%
Bangladeshi &0000000000283063.000000283,063 0.5%
Other South Asian &0000000000247644.000000247,644 0.4%
Chinese &0000000000247403.000000247,403 0.4%
Other (inc. East Asian, Arab, Oceanic, Latin American) &0000000000230615.000000230,615 0.4%
*Percentage of total UK population
.Ethnic diversity varies significantly across the UK. 30.4% of London's population[134] and 37.4% of Leicester's[135] was estimated to be non-white as of June 2005, whereas less than 5% of the populations of North East England, Wales and the South West were from ethnic minorities according to the 2001 census.^ I would also have to agree that East Coast is more like home than West Coast.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I live on the east coast as well, I like to think that its much less hectic here than in california.
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[136] As of 2007, 22% of primary and 17.7% of secondary pupils at state schools in England were from ethnic minority families.[137][138]

Languages

The English-speaking world. Countries in dark blue have a majority of native speakers. Countries in light blue have English as an official language, de jure or de facto. English is also one of the official languages of the European Union.[139]
The UK does not de jure have an official language but the predominant spoken language is English, a West Germanic language descended from Old English which features a large number of borrowings from Old Norse, Norman French and Latin. .Largely because of the British Empire, the English language has spread across the world, and become the international language of business as well as the most widely taught second language.^ And second, I made my friend watch Garden State because my best friend told him he resembled Large.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not because I'm in med school (far from it), or not because I have the same issues, just because every actor is so committed that I become sucked into your world.
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[140]
Scots, a language descended from early northern Middle English, is recognised at European level.[141] There are also four Celtic languages in use in the UK: Welsh, Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Cornish. In the 2001 Census over a fifth (21%) of the population of Wales said they could speak Welsh,[142] an increase from the 1991 Census (18%).[143] In addition, it is estimated that about 200,000 Welsh speakers live in England.[144]
.The 2001 census in Northern Ireland showed that 167,487 (10.4%) people "had some knowledge of Irish" (see Irish language in Northern Ireland), almost exclusively in the Catholic/nationalist population.^ Why don't you see if some other american station will sign the show.
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.Over 92,000 people in Scotland (just under 2% of the population) had some Gaelic language ability, including 72% of those living in the Outer Hebrides.^ Don't take advantage of people, but that's generally a decent rule of thumb for all people - not just those you date.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But im pretty sure all those people driving sports were just jealous that I could take more people with me to go bowling.
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[145] The number of schoolchildren being taught in Welsh, Gaelic and Irish is increasing.[146] .Welsh and Scottish Gaelic are also spoken by small groups around the globe with some Gaelic still spoken in Nova Scotia, Canada, and Welsh in Patagonia, Argentina.^ Ive never been to New York, but I am from the east coast in Canada(Nova Scotia) I lived in Cali for 5 months working as a nanny.
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.Across the United Kingdom, it is generally compulsory for pupils to study a second language to some extent: up to the age of 14 in England,[147] and up to age 16 in Scotland.^ Sarah Lake, age 16, England .
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French and German are the two most commonly taught second languages in England and Scotland. In Wales, all pupils up to age 16 are either taught in Welsh or taught Welsh as a second language.[148]

Religion

Religion in the United Kingdom, 2001[149]
Religion Percent
Christianity
  
71.8%
None
  
15.1%
Not stated
  
7.8%
Islam
  
2.8%
Hinduism
  
1.0%
Sikhism
  
0.6%
Judaism
  
0.5%
Buddhism
  
0.3%
.The Treaty of Union that led to the formation of the United Kingdom ensured that there would be a Protestant succession as well as a link between church and state that still remains.^ Anyway, I thought it would be cool to actually find out once and for all if there is a connection between our families.
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Christianity is the largest religion, followed by Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism and then Judaism in terms of number of adherents.
In the 2001 Census 71.6% of respondents said that Christianity was their religion,[150] although surveys that employ a "harder" question tend to find lower proportions, such as the 2007 Tearfund Survey which revealed that 53% identified themselves as Christian[151] and the 2007 British Social Attitudes Survey, which found that it was almost 47.5%.[152] However, the Tearfund survey showed only one in ten Britons actually attend church weekly.[153]
The 2007 British Social Attitudes Survey, which covers England, Wales and Scotland, but not Northern Ireland, indicated that 20.87% were part of the Church of England, 10.25% non-denominational Christian, 9.01% Roman Catholic, 2.81% Presbyterian/Church of Scotland, 1.88% Methodist, 0.88% Baptist, other Protestant 1.29, URC/Congregational 0.32%, 0.08% Free Presbyterian, Brethren 0.05% and 0.37% other Christian. Among other religions, 3.30% were Muslim, 1.37% Hindu, 0.43% Jewish, 0.37% Sikh and others 0.35%. A large proportion had no religion at 45.67%. 0.50% did not answer or N/A.[152]
In the 2001 census, 9.1 million (15% of the UK population) claimed no religion, with a further 4.3 million (7% of the UK population) not stating a religious preference.[154] There is a disparity between the figures for those identifying themselves with a particular religion and for those proclaiming a belief in a God: a Eurobarometer poll conducted in 2005 showed that 38% of the respondents believed that "there is a God", 40% believed that "there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 20% said "I don't believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force"[155]

Christianity

The largest religious group in England is Christianity, with the Church of England (Anglican) the Established Church:[156] the church retains a representation in the UK Parliament and the British monarch is a member of the church (required under Article 2 of the Treaty of Union) as well as its Supreme Governor. The Church of England also retains the right to draft legislative measures (related to religious administration) through the General Synod that can then be passed into law by Parliament. The Roman Catholic Church in England and Wales is the second largest Christian church with around five million members, mainly in England.[157]
There are also growing Orthodox, Evangelical and Pentecostal churches, with Pentecostal churches in England now third after the Church of England and the Roman Catholic Church in terms of church attendance.[158] Among the Pentecostal churches are Elim Pentecostal Church and Assemblies of God in the United Kingdom. .Other Christian groups include The Salvation Army, United Reformed Church, Assemblies of God, Plymouth Brethren, Baptist Union, Methodists, Congregationalists, Newfrontiers and house churches.^ SCRUBS, I absolutely cannot get enough of Garden State..actually me and my group of friends watched it my friend, Elizabeth's, house the other night.
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The largest religious group in Scotland is also Christianity, though the presbyterian Church of Scotland (known informally as The Kirk), is recognised as the national church. It is not subject to state control and the British monarch is an ordinary member, required to swear an oath to "defend the security" of the church upon his or her accession. The Roman Catholic Church in Scotland is Scotland's second largest Christian church, representing a sixth of the population.[159] The Scottish Episcopal Church, which is part of the Anglican Communion, dates from the final establishment of Presbyterianism in Scotland in 1690, when it split from the Church of Scotland and is not a 'daughter church' of the Church of England. Further splits in the Church of Scotland, especially in the nineteenth century, led to the creation of various other Presbyterian churches in Scotland, including the Free Church of Scotland.
In the 1920s, the Church in Wales became independent from the Church of England and became 'disestablished' but remains in the Anglican Communion. Baptist Union of Wales, Methodism and the Presbyterian Church of Wales are present in Wales as well.
The main religious groups in Northern Ireland are organised on an all-Ireland basis. Though Protestants and Anglicans are in the overall majority,[160] the Roman Catholic Church of Ireland is the largest single church. The Presbyterian Church in Ireland, closely linked to the Church of Scotland in terms of theology and history, is the second largest church followed by the Church of Ireland (Anglican) which was disestablished in the nineteenth century.
Between 2004 and 2008, the Office for National Statistics reported that the number of Christians in Great Britain (rather than the UK as a whole) fell by more than 2 million.[161] The single largest age-cohort in the Christian population is in those over 70 years of age.[161]

Other religions

The East London Mosque, one of the country's largest Islamic places of worship.
At the 2001 census, there were 1,536,015 Muslims in England and Wales,[162] forming 3% of the population. Muslims in Scotland numbered 42,557 representing 0.84% of the population.[163] There were a further 1,943 Muslims in Northern Ireland.[164] The biggest groups of Muslims are of Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Indian origin.
According to a Labour Force Survey estimate, the total number of Muslims in Great Britain in 2008 was 2,422,000, around 4% of the total population.[161] Between 2004 and 2008, the Muslim population grew by more than 500,000.[161] The largest age-bracket within the British Muslim population were those under the age of 4, at 301,000 in September 2008.[161]
Over 1 million people follow religions of Indian origin: 560,000 Hindus, 340,000 Sikhs with about 150,000 practising Buddhism.[165] .One non-governmental organisation estimates that there are 800,000 Hindus in the UK.[166] Leicester houses one of the world's few Jain temples that are outside of India.^ And by the way, Yes NYC is one f the best cities in the world, You could do J.D. goes to New York, and shoot all the season there....
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are a few things that have helped me get through this rough time in my life, and as corny as it sounds, Scrubs has been one of them.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are 3 of us who say that if there was one man in the world we would want to sit down and have coffee with, it would be you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[167]
According to the 2001 census there are approximately 270,000 Jews in Britain.[168]

Economy

London is Europe's largest financial Centre and one of the world's three largest financial centres alongside New York and Hong Kong.[169]
The United Kingdom's economy is made up (in descending order of size) of the economies of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Based on market exchange rates, the UK is today the sixth largest economy in the world and the third largest in Europe after Germany and France.[170]
The Industrial Revolution started in the UK with an initial concentration on heavy industries such as shipbuilding, coal mining, steel production, and textiles. The empire created an overseas market for British products, allowing the UK to dominate international trade in the 19th century. However, as other nations industrialised, coupled with economic decline after two world wars, the United Kingdom began to lose its competitive advantage and heavy industry declined, by degrees, throughout the 20th century. .Manufacturing remains a significant part of the economy, but accounted for only one-sixth of national output in 2003.[171] UK must also import 40% of its food suplies.^ I can only say that the one thing I learned is that we are who we are, regardless of our careers or our bank accounts.
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[172]
The British motor industry is a significant part of this sector, although it has diminished with the collapse of the MG Rover Group and most of the industry is foreign owned. Civil and defence aircraft production is led by the second largest defence contractor in the world, BAE Systems,[173] and the continental European firm EADS, the owner of Airbus. Rolls-Royce holds a major share of the global aerospace engines market. The chemical and pharmaceutical industry is strong in the UK, with the world's second and sixth largest pharmaceutical firms (GlaxoSmithKline and AstraZeneca, respectively)[174] being based in the UK.
.The UK service sector, however, has grown substantially, and now makes up about 73% of GDP.[175] The service sector is dominated by financial services, especially in banking and insurance.^ Some friends and I were just talking about how crappy it would be to be a celeb right now cause the media is in a frenzy to make fun of all of you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.London is the world's largest financial centre with the London Stock Exchange, the London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange, and the Lloyd's of London insurance market all based in the City of London.^ And by the way, Yes NYC is one f the best cities in the world, You could do J.D. goes to New York, and shoot all the season there....
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

London is a major centre for international business and commerce and is the leader of the three "command centres" for the global economy (along with New York City and Tokyo).[176] It has the largest concentration of foreign bank branches in the world. In the past decade, a rival financial centre in London has grown in the Docklands area, with the HSBC, the world's largest bank,[177][178] and Barclays Bank relocating their head offices there. Many multinational companies that are not primarily UK-based have chosen to site their European or rest-of-world headquarters in London: an example is the US financial services firm Citigroup. The Scottish capital, Edinburgh, has one of the large financial centres of Europe[179] and is the headquarters of the Royal Bank of Scotland Group, one of the world's largest banks.
North Sea oil and gas have supplied much of the UK's energy needs in recent decades, but the country now increasingly depends on imported fossil fuels.
Tourism is very important to the British economy. With over 27 million tourists arriving in 2004, the United Kingdom is ranked as the sixth major tourist destination in the world.[180] London, by a considerable margin, is the most visited city in the world with 15.6 million visitors in 2006, ahead of 2nd placed Bangkok (10.4 million visitors) and 3rd placed Paris (9.7 million).[181]
The creative industries accounted for 7% GVA in 2005 and grew at an average of 6% per annum between 1997 and 2005.[182]
The UK has a small coal reserve along with significant, yet continuously declining[183] natural gas and oil reserves. .Over 400 million tonnes of proven coal reserves have been identified in the UK.[184] In 2004, total UK coal consumption (including imports) was 61 million tonnes,[185] allowing the UK to be self sufficient in coal for just over 6.5 years, although at present extraction rates it would take 20 years to mine.^ I re-discovered Scrubs (also totally by chance) just a few months ago after deciding years ago, based on 90 seconds of one episode, that it blew.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a shame that with comedy, you cant just take a year or two off and come back to it.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Doing a tour of the USA (coming from UK) middle of next year, I'll take your word for it and make sure I see NY. Your biggest fan!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[184] An alternative to coal-fired electricity generation is underground coal gasification (UCG). UGC involves injecting steam and oxygen down a borehole, which extracts gas from the coal and draws the mixture to the surface—a potentially very low carbon method of exploiting coal. Identified onshore areas that have the potential for UGC amount to between 7 billion tonnes and 16 billion tonnes.[186] Based on current UK coal consumption, these volumes represent reserves that could last the UK between 200 and 400 years.[187]
Government involvement throughout the economy is exercised by the Chancellor of the Exchequer (currently Alistair Darling) who heads HM Treasury, but the Prime Minister (currently The Rt Hon Gordon Brown MP), is First Lord of the Treasury; the Chancellor of the Exchequer is the Second Lord of the Treasury. In recent years, the UK economy has been managed in accordance with principles of market liberalisation and low taxation and regulation. Since 1997, the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee, headed by the Governor of the Bank of England, has been responsible for setting interest rates at the level necessary to achieve the overall inflation target for the economy that is set by the Chancellor each year.[188] The Scottish Government, subject to the approval of the Scottish Parliament, has the power to vary the basic rate of income tax payable in Scotland by plus or minus 3 pence in the pound, though this power has not yet been exercised.
In July 2007, the UK had government debt at 35.5% of GDP.[189] This figure rose to 56.8% of GDP by July 2009.[190]
The Bank of England; the central bank of the United Kingdom.
The currency of the UK is the pound sterling, represented by the symbol £. The Bank of England is the central bank, responsible for issuing currency. Banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland retain the right to issue their own notes, subject to retaining enough Bank of England notes in reserve to cover the issue. Pound sterling is also used as a reserve currency by other governments and institutions, and is the third-largest after the U.S. dollar and the euro.[191] The UK chose not to join the euro at the currency's launch, and the British Prime Minister, The Rt Hon Gordon Brown MP, has ruled out membership for the foreseeable future, saying that the decision not to join had been right for Britain and for Europe.[192] The government of former Prime Minister Tony Blair had pledged to hold a public referendum for deciding membership should "five economic tests" be met. In 2005, more than half (55%) of the UK were against adopting the currency, while 30% were in favour.[193]
.On 23 January 2009, Government figures from the Office for National Statistics showed that the UK was officially in recession for the first time since 1991.[194] It entered a recession in the final quarter of 2008, accompanied by rising unemployment which increased from 5.2% in May 2008 to 7.6% in May 2009. The unemployment rate among 18 to 24-year-olds has risen from 11.9% to 17.3%.^ Hi Mr. Braff, I'm a 18 years old boy from Switzerland, perhaps you even don't know where this very little country is, so google it ;-).
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't know if you are familiar with **MAKE A WISH FOUNDATION** but the age cut off is 18 years old.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have an 18 month old daughter Ella Rose and I study full time to become a Special Educator.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[195]
The poverty line in the UK is commonly defined as being 60% of the median household income.[note .8] In 2007-2008, 13.5 million people, or 22% of the population, lived below this line.^ I miss the Delacorte on a summer day, sitting in line and talking to people whose lives were far more interesting than mine.
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This is a higher level of relative poverty than all but four other EU members.[196] In the same year, 4.0 million children, 31% of the total, lived in households below the poverty line, after housing costs were taken into account. This is a decrease of 400,000 children since 1998-1999.[197]

Education

Education in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter, with each country having a separate education system.
Education in England is the responsibility of the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families and the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills, though the day to day administration and funding of state schools is the responsibility of Local Authorities (previously named Local Education Authorities).[198] .Universal state education in England and Wales was introduced for primary level in 1870 and secondary level in 1900.[199] Education is mandatory from ages five to sixteen (15 if born in late July or August).^ Valparaiso University, located in beautiful northwest indiana.....showed your movie Garden State in the coming of age section of one of our classes.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The majority of children are educated in state-sector schools, only a small proportion of which select on the grounds of academic ability. .State schools which are allowed to select pupils according to intelligence and academic ability can achieve comparable results to the most selective private schools: out of the top ten performing schools in terms of GCSE results in 2006 two were state-run grammar schools.^ You continue to deliver brilliant performances in Scrubs, and I'll put Garden State in my all time top ten list no problem.
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Despite a fall in actual numbers, the proportion of children in England attending private schools has risen to over 7%.[200] However over half of students at the leading universities of Cambridge and Oxford had attended state schools.[201] England has some of the top universities in the world; University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Imperial College London and University College London are ranked in the global top 10 in the 2008 THE–QS World University Rankings.[202] Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) rated pupils in England 7th in the world for Maths, and 6th for Science. The results put England's pupils ahead of other European countries, including Germany and Scandinavian countries.[203]
Queen's University, Belfast, built in 1849 and one of the oldest higher education institutions in the United Kingdom[204]
Education in Scotland is the responsibility of the Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning, with day to day administration and funding of state schools the responsibility of Local Authorities. .Two non-departmental public bodies have key roles in Scottish education: the Scottish Qualifications Authority is responsible for the development, accreditation, assessment and certification of qualifications other than degrees which are delivered at secondary schools, post-secondary colleges of further education and other centres;[205] and Learning and Teaching Scotland provides advice, resources and staff development to the education community to promote curriculum development and create a culture of innovation, ambition and excellence.^ And I have no other request to you other than to continue your brilliant body of work.
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[206] Scotland first legislated for compulsory education in 1496.[207] The proportion of children in Scotland attending private schools is just over 4%, although it has been rising slowly in recent years.[208] Scottish students who attend Scottish universities pay neither tuition fees nor graduate endowment charges as the fees were abolished in 2001 and the graduate endowment scheme was abolished in 2008.[209]
Education in Northern Ireland is the responsibility of the Minister of Education and the Minister for Employment and Learning, although responsibility at a local level is administered by five education and library boards, covering different geographical areas. The 'Council for the Curriculum, Examinations & Assessment (CCEA) is the body responsible for advising the government on what should be taught in Northern Ireland's schools, monitoring standards and awarding qualifications.[210]
The National Assembly for Wales has responsibility for education in Wales. A significant number of Welsh students are taught either wholly or largely in the Welsh language; lessons in Welsh are compulsory for all until the age of 16.[211] There are plans to increase the provision of Welsh Medium schools as part of the policy of having a fully bilingual Wales.

Healthcare

Healthcare in the United Kingdom is a devolved matter and England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales each has its own system of private and publicly funded healthcare, together with alternative, holistic and complementary treatments. Public healthcare is provided to all UK permanent residents and is free at the point of need being paid for from general taxation. Taken together, the World Health Organisation, in 2000, ranked the provision of healthcare in the United Kingdom as fifteenth best in Europe and eighteenth in the world.[212][213]
Regulatory bodies are organised on a UK-wide basis such as the General Medical Council, the Nursing and Midwifery Council and non-governmental-based, such as Royal Colleges. However, political and operational responsibility for healthcare lies with four national executives; healthcare in England is the responsibility of Her Majesty's Government; healthcare in Northern Ireland is the responsibility of the Northern Ireland Executive; healthcare in Scotland is the responsibility of the Scottish Government; and healthcare in Wales is the responsibility of the Welsh Assembly Government. Each National Health Service has different policies and priorities, resulting in contrasts.[214][215] Across the UK, there are medical schools and dental schools, and provisions for training nurses and professions allied to medicine.[citation needed]
Since 1979, expenditure on healthcare has been increased significantly to bring it closer to the European Union average.[216] The UK spends around 8.4 per cent of its gross domestic product on healthcare, which is 0.5 per cent below the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development average and about one per cent below the average of the European Union.[217]

Transport

The Highways Agency is the executive agency responsible for trunk roads and motorways in England apart from the privately owned and operated M6 Toll.[220] .The Department for Transport states that traffic congestion is one of the most serious transport problems and that it could cost England an extra £22 billion in wasted time by 2025 if left unchecked.^ I love ya man, Garden State is one of my all time favorites and Scrubs just al out rocks!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But everything is very distant here by that reason what it is related you (films, and series) do not arrive with luck I could see garden state in the cinema.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hiya Zach, I've just watched Garden State, and I think its one of the most affecting, poignant, touching films I've seen in a long time.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[221] According to the government-sponsored Eddington report of 2006, congestion is in danger of harming the economy, unless tackled by road pricing and expansion of the transport network.[222][223]
The Scottish transport network is the responsibility of the Scottish Government's Enterprise, Transport and Lifelong Learning Department with Transport Scotland being the Executive Agency that is accountable to the Cabinet Secretary for Finance and Sustainable Growth for Scotland's trunk roads and rail networks.[224] Scotland's rail network has around 340 railway stations and 3,000 kilometres of track with over 62 million passenger journeys made each year.[225] In 2008, The Scottish Government set out investment plans for the next 20 years, with priorities to include a new Forth Road Bridge and electrification of the rail network.[226]
The Forth Railway Bridge, Scotland, is an iconic feature of the rail network.
Across the UK, there is a radial road network of 46,904 kilometres (29,145 mi) of main roads with a motorway network of 3,497 kilometres (2,173 mi). There are a further 213,750 kilometres (132,818 mi) of paved roads. The rail network of 16,116 km (10,072 miles) in Great Britain and 303 route km (189 route mi) in Northern Ireland carries over 18,000 passenger trains and 1,000 freight trains daily. Urban rail networks are well developed in London and other cities. .There was once over 48,000 route km (30,000 route mi) of rail network in the UK, however most of this was reduced over a time period from 1955 to 1975, much of it after a report by a government advisor Richard Beeching in the mid 1960s (known as the Beeching Axe).^ However, There is a woman that is 37 years old and Scrubs is her all time favorite show.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I guess I can thank my recent trip to England for that because they have these Scrub marathons over there once in a while and they show them for like 5 or 6 hours.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You & the cast of "Scrubs" got me through the most depressing time of my life - fighting cancer - with the laughs that show gives.
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Plans are now being considered to build new high speed lines by 2025.[227]
London Heathrow Airport, located 15 miles (24 km) west of the capital, is the UK's busiest airport and has the most international passenger traffic of any airport in the world.[218][219] It is the hub for the flag carrier British Airways, Virgin Atlantic, and BMI.[228]

Sport

Major sports including association football, rugby football, boxing, badminton, cricket, tennis and golf originated, or were substantially developed, in the United Kingdom and the states that preceded it. A 2006 poll found that football is the most popular sport in the United Kingdom.[229]
In international competitions, separate teams represent England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland in most team sports, as well as at the Commonwealth Games. (In sporting contexts, these teams can be referred to collectively as the Home Nations.) However, there are occasions where a single sports team represents the United Kingdom, including at the Olympics where the UK is represented by the Great Britain team.

Cricket

Cricket is claimed to have been invented in England (though recent research suggests it was actually invented in Belgium)[230] and the England cricket team, controlled by the England and Wales Cricket Board,[231] is the only national team in the UK with Test status. Team members are drawn from the main county sides, and include both English and Welsh players. Cricket is distinct from football and rugby where Wales and England field separate national teams, although Wales had fielded its own team in the past. .Irish and Scottish players have played for England because neither Scotland nor Ireland have Test status and have only recently started to play in One Day Internationals.^ Yo Mr. Braff, Tomorrow I start my first day of residency and as I recently stumbled across this site (wow, some captivating and disturbing comments...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only just recently gotten into "Scrubs" in syndication,while channel surfing one night.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I guess I can thank my recent trip to England for that because they have these Scrub marathons over there once in a while and they show them for like 5 or 6 hours.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Scotland, England (and Wales), and Ireland (including Northern Ireland) have competed at the Cricket World Cup, with England reaching the Final three times. There is a professional league championship in which clubs representing 17 English counties and 1 Welsh county compete.

Football

England's new Wembley Stadium. It is the most expensive stadium ever built.[232]
Each of the Home Nations has its own football association, national team and league system, though a few clubs play outside their country's respective systems for a variety of historical and logistical reasons.
England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland compete as separate countries in international competition and, as a consequence, the UK does not compete as a single team in football events at the Olympic Games. There are proposals to have a UK team take part in the 2012 Summer Olympics but the Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish football associations have declined to participate, fearing that it would undermine their independent status—a fear confirmed by FIFA president Sepp Blatter.[233] England has been the most successful of the home nations, winning the World Cup on home soil in 1966, although there has historically been a close-fought rivalry between England and Scotland.
The English football league system includes hundreds of inter-linked leagues, consisting of thousands of clubs. The Premiership at the top, is the most-watched football league in the world[234] and is particularly popular in Asia.[235] Below this, The Football League has three divisions and then the Football Conference has a national division and two feeder regional leagues. Thereafter the structure becomes increasing regional. English teams have been successful in European Competitions including some who have become European Cup/UEFA Champions League winners: Liverpool (five times), Manchester United (three times), Nottingham Forest (twice) and Aston Villa. .More clubs from England have won the European Cup than any other country (four compared to three from Italy, Germany and the Netherlands).^ Someday I really hope that I get to meet you, because you seem like you're more down to earth than other celebrities.
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.Moreover, England ranks second in the all time list of European club trophies won with 35, one behind Italy's 36. The European Cup competition itself came about as the result of the success of another English club, Wolverhampton Wanderers, against top European sides[236] in the 1950s.^ I know what you mean whne you say you love it in NYC(born in jersey and spent time in NYC) all i can say is have a great vacation and think about writing me back.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm one of those people who's perpetually behind the times in discovering good movies.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I love ya man, Garden State is one of my all time favorites and Scrubs just al out rocks!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The 90,000-capacity Wembley Stadium is England's principal sporting stadium.
Hampden Park, Glasgow—Scotland's national football stadium.
Cardiff's Millennium Stadium, national stadium of Wales
The Scottish football league system has two national leagues: the Scottish Premier League, the top division, and the Scottish Football League, which has three divisions. Below this, but not connected to the national leagues, are three regional leagues; the Highland Football League, the East of Scotland Football League and the South of Scotland Football League. One English club, Berwick Rangers, plays in the Scottish system. Scotland is home to two world-renowned football clubs in the Old Firm of Celtic and Rangers. Scottish teams that have been successful in European Competitions include Celtic (European Cup in 1967), Rangers (European Cup Winners' Cup in 1972) and Aberdeen (European Cup Winners' Cup and European Super Cup in 1983). Celtic were the first British club to win the European Cup. Hampden Park is the principal stadium and home of the Scottish FA.
The Welsh football league system includes the Welsh Premier League and regional leagues. Welsh Premiership club The New Saints play their home matches on the English side of the border in Oswestry. The Welsh clubs of Cardiff City F.C., Colwyn Bay F.C., Merthyr Tydfil F.C., Newport County A.F.C., Swansea City A.F.C. and Wrexham F.C. play in the English system. Cardiff's 76,250 seater Millennium Stadium is the principal sporting stadium of Wales.
The Northern Ireland football league system includes the IFA Premiership. One Northern Irish club, Derry City, plays its football outside of the UK in the Republic of Ireland football league system. Windsor Park, Linfield F.C.'s 20,332-seater stadium, is also the home stadium of the national team.

Rugby league

Rugby league is played as a developing sport throughout the UK, but in Northern England, it is the main sport in many areas, particularly in Yorkshire, Cumbria and Lancashire in towns such as Wigan and St Helens. It also has a substantial presence in London and South Wales.
It originates from and is generally played in Northern England and a single 'Great Britain Lions' team had competed in the Rugby League World Cup and Test match games, but this changed slightly in 2008 when England, Scotland and Ireland competed as separate nations.[237]
.Great Britain is still being retained as the full national team for Ashes tours against, Australia, New Zealand and France.^ Well im from New Zealand but now live in Australia we all absolutely LOVE scrubs!!!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hes the new Art Garfunkel from Great Britain!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In 2013, The United Kingdom will host the Rugby League World Cup for the 5th time.[238]

Rugby union

Rugby union is organised on a separate basis for England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland with each having a league system and a top ranked international team.
Rugby union is played as a minority sport throughout the UK, but has a number of heartlands, notably South Wales, the Scottish Borders, the English West Country and so on. It also has a substantial presence in Northern Ireland (RU is organised on an all-Ireland basis), Edinburgh, London, Leicester etc.
.While England has won the Rugby World Cup, in 2003, Wales has achieved a best of third place and Scotland a best of fourth place.^ NYC is one of the best places in the world.
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Ireland has not progressed beyond the quarter finals.
In 2015, England will host the Rugby World Cup for the second time.[239]

Other sports

The Wimbledon Championships, a Grand Slam tournament, is held in Wimbledon, London every June/July.
Snooker is also one of the UK's sporting exports. The world championships are held annually in Sheffield while the sport continues to expand worldwide, with huge growth in China.
The game of tennis first originated from the city of Birmingham between 1859 and 1865. The Championships, Wimbledon are international tennis events held in Wimbledon in south London every summer and are regarded as the most prestigious event of the global tennis calendar.
.Thoroughbred racing, which originated under Charles II of England as the "sport of kings", is popular throughout the UK with world-famous races including the Grand National, the Epsom Derby and Royal Ascot.^ Both of them are the famous brand handbags .They are popular among the women all love the world .
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The town of Newmarket is considered the centre of English racing, largely because of the famous Newmarket Racecourse.
The UK has proved successful in the international sporting arena in rowing. It is widely considered that the sport's most successful rower is Steve Redgrave who won five gold medals and one bronze medal at five consecutive Olympic Games, as well as numerous wins at the World Rowing Championships and Henley Royal Regatta.
The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, generally regarded as the world's "Home of Golf".
Golf is the sixth most popular sport, by participation, in the UK. Although The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, in Scotland, is the sport's home course,[240] the world's oldest golf course is actually Musselburgh Links' Old Golf Course.[241]
Shinty (or camanachd) is popular in the Scottish Highlands, sometimes attracting crowds numbering thousands in the most sparsely populated region of the UK, especially to watch the final of its premier tournament, the Camanachd Cup.[242]
In Northern Ireland, Gaelic football and hurling are popular team sports, both in terms of participation and spectating. Irish expatriates throughout the UK also play them.
The UK is closely associated with motorsport. Many teams and drivers in Formula One (F1) are based in the UK and drivers from Britain have won more world titles than any other country. The country hosts legs of the F1 and World Rally Championship and has its own touring car racing championship, the British Touring Car Championship (BTCC). The British Grand Prix takes place at Silverstone each July.

Culture

The culture of the United Kingdom—British culture— may be described as informed by its history as a developed island country, major power, and also as a political union of four countries, with each preserving elements of distinctive traditions, customs and symbolism. As a result of the British Empire, British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies such as Canada, Australia, India, and the United States.

Cinema

The United Kingdom has been influential in the development of cinema, with the Ealing Studios claiming to be the oldest studios in the world. Despite a history of important and successful productions, the industry is characterised by an ongoing debate about its identity, and the influences of American and European cinema. Particularly between British and American film, many films are often co-produced or share actors with many British actors now featuring regularly in Hollywood films. The BFI Top 100 British films is a poll conducted by the British Film Institute which ranks what they consider to be the 100 greatest British films of all time.

Literature

The Chandos portrait, believed to depict William Shakespeare
'British literature' refers to literature associated with the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands as well as to literature from England, Wales and Scotland prior to the formation of the United Kingdom. Most British literature is in the English language. The UK publishes some 206,000 books each year, making it the largest publisher of books in the world.[243]
The English playwright and poet William Shakespeare is widely regarded as the greatest dramatist of all time.[244][245][246] Among the earliest English writers are Geoffrey Chaucer (14th century), Thomas Malory (15th century), Sir Thomas More (16th century), and John Milton (17th century). In the 18th century, Samuel Richardson is often credited with inventing the modern novel. In the 19th century, there followed further innovation by Jane Austen, the gothic novelist Mary Shelley, children's writer Lewis Carroll, the Brontë sisters, the social campaigner Charles Dickens, the naturalist Thomas Hardy, the visionary poet William Blake and romantic poet William Wordsworth.
Twentieth century writers include the science fiction novelist H. G. Wells, writers of children's classics Rudyard Kipling, A. A. Milne, the controversial D. H. Lawrence, the modernist Virginia Woolf, the satirist Evelyn Waugh, the prophetic novelist George Orwell, the popular novelist Graham Greene, crime novelist Agatha Christie, and the poets Ted Hughes and John Betjeman. Most recently, the children's fantasy Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling has recalled the popularity of J. R. R. Tolkien and C. S. Lewis.
Robert Burns—regarded as the national poet of Scotland
Scotland's contribution includes the detective writer Arthur Conan Doyle, romantic literature by Sir Walter Scott, children's writer J. M. Barrie and the epic adventures of Robert Louis Stevenson. .It has also produced the celebrated poet Robert Burns, as well as William McGonagall, regarded by many as one of the world's worst.^ One thing I say I wonder a lot, is, as a celebrity, how many of the same dates do you have?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Garden State Soundtrack is one of my favorite albums (as well as many of my friends' favorite) Scrubs is halarious.
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^ My L.A. celebrity stories are too many to share, as I nannied for a producer and then an actor for a total of 8 years.
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[247] More recently, the modernist and nationalist Hugh MacDiarmid and Neil M. Gunn contributed to the Scottish Renaissance. A more grim outlook is found in Ian Rankin's stories and the psychological horror-comedy of Iain Banks. Scotland's capital, Edinburgh, is UNESCO's first worldwide City of Literature.[248]
A photograph of Victorian era novelist Charles Dickens
The oldest known poem from the area now known as Scotland, Y Gododdin, was composed in Cumbric or Old Welsh in the late sixth century and contains the earliest known reference to King Arthur. A great role in the development of Arthurian legend, and early development of British history, was played by Geoffrey of Monmouth. The greatest Welsh poet of all time is generally held to be Dafydd ap Gwilym. .Owing to the dominance of the Welsh language in Wales until the late nineteenth century, the majority of Welsh literature was in Welsh, and much of the prose was religious in character; Daniel Owen is credited as the first Welsh-language novelist, publishing Rhys Lewis in 1885. In the twentieth century, the poets R. S. Thomas and Dylan Thomas became well known for their English-language poetry, Richard Llewellyn and children's works by Roald Dahl.^ I have often compared myself with your character, "JD" and wonder how much of you is in him as well.
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Modern writers in Welsh include Kate Roberts.
.Authors from other nationalities, particularly from Ireland, or from Commonwealth countries, have lived and worked in the UK. Significant examples through the centuries include Jonathan Swift, Oscar Wilde, Bram Stoker, George Bernard Shaw, Joseph Conrad, T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound, and more recently British authors born abroad such as Kazuo Ishiguro and Sir Salman Rushdie.^ You see in my country our channels only air seasons 3 and 4 (I live in the UK).
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^ Zach, I'm a Jersey girl and recently discovered you (ok, I'm 35, not such a girl - I've got 2 kids and work fulltime - I might as well live in a cave).
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^ I'm an American currently living in the UK and I am enourmous fan of yours and everything that you do, I hope for you to keep up your amazing work!!
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In theatre, Shakespeare's contemporaries Christopher Marlowe and Ben Jonson added depth. More recently Alan Ayckbourn, Harold Pinter, Michael Frayn, Tom Stoppard and David Edgar have combined elements of surrealism, realism and radicalism.

Media

The prominence of the English language gives the UK media a widespread international dimension.

Broadcasting

BBC Television Centre. The BBC is the largest and oldest broadcaster in the world.[249]
.There are five major nationwide television channels in the UK: BBC One, BBC Two, ITV, Channel 4 and Five—currently transmitted by analogue terrestrial, free-to-air signals with the latter three channels funded by commercial advertising.^ You see in my country our channels only air seasons 3 and 4 (I live in the UK).
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^ Is there any chance that you may one day work in the UK on a film, TV project or in theatre,you would be pleasing a lot of people if you did.
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^ I guess there%u2019s one in the local channel.
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In Wales, S4C the Welsh Fourth Channel replaces Channel 4, carrying Welsh language programmes at peak times. It also transmits Channel 4 programmes at other times.
The BBC is the UK's publicly funded radio, television and internet broadcasting corporation, and is the oldest and largest broadcaster in the world. It operates several television channels and radio stations in both the UK and abroad. The BBC's international television news service, BBC World News, is broadcast throughout the world and the BBC World Service radio network is broadcast in thirty-three languages globally, as well as services in Welsh on BBC Radio Cymru and programmes in Gaelic on BBC Radio nan Gàidheal in Scotland and Irish in Northern Ireland.
The domestic services of the BBC are funded by the television licence. The international targeted BBC World Service Radio is funded by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and the international television broadcast services are operated by BBC Worldwide on a commercial subscription basis over cable and satellite services. It is this commercial arm of the BBC that forms half of UKTV along with Virgin Media.
The Channel 4 building.
.The UK now has a large number of digital terrestrial channels including a further six from the BBC, five from ITV and three from Channel 4, and one from S4C which is solely in Welsh, among a variety of others.^ It is syndicated on about 3 different channels that all fall perfectly one after another on the weeknights, so between all of the other goob and bad (mostly bad...
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The vast majority of digital cable television services are provided by Virgin Media with satellite television available from Freesat or British Sky Broadcasting and free-to-air digital terrestrial television by Freeview. The entire UK will switch to digital by 2012.
Radio in the UK is dominated by BBC Radio, which operates ten national networks and over forty local radio stations. The most popular radio station, by number of listeners, is BBC Radio 2, closely followed by BBC Radio 1. There are hundreds of mainly local commercial radio stations across the country offering a variety of music or talk formats.

Internet

The Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United Kingdom is .uk. The most popular ".uk" website is the British version of Google, followed by online BBC.[250]

Print

.Traditionally, British newspapers could be split into quality, serious-minded newspaper (usually referred to as "broadsheets" because of their large size) and the more populist, tabloid varieties.^ Anyway, I was just up in NYC ( I love it just as much if not more than you) not too long ago, I wish I could've run into you...
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For convenience of reading, many traditional broadsheets have switched to a more compact-sized format, traditionally used by tabloids. The Sun has the highest circulation of any daily newspaper in the UK: 3.1 million, approximately a quarter of the market.[251] Its sister paper, the News of the World has the highest circulation in the Sunday newspaper market, and traditionally focuses on celebrity-led stories.[252] The Daily Telegraph, a centre-right broadsheet paper, is the highest-selling of the "quality" newspapers.[251] The Guardian is a more liberal "quality" broadsheet and the Financial Times is the main business newspaper, printed on distinctive salmon-pink broadsheet paper.
First printed in 1737, The News Letter from Belfast, is the oldest known English-language daily newspaper still in publication today. One of its fellow Northern Irish competitors, The Irish News, has been twice ranked as the best regional newspaper in the United Kingdom, in 2006 and 2007.[253]
Aside from newspapers, British magazines and journals have achieved worldwide circulation including The Economist and Nature.
Scotland has a distinct tradition of newspaper readership (see list of newspapers in Scotland). The tabloid Daily Record has the highest circulation of any daily newspaper outselling The Scottish Sun by four to one while its sister paper, the Sunday Mail similarly leads the Sunday newspaper market. The leading "quality" daily newspaper in Scotland is The Herald, though it is the sister paper of The Scotsman, the Scotland on Sunday, that leads in the Sunday newspaper market.[254]

Music

.
The Beatles are one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed bands in the history of music, selling over a billion records internationally.
^ Howdy Zach on the subject of music ideas one of my favorite bands is Rammstein there a german industrail metal band and they kick ass!
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[255][256][257]
Various styles of music are popular in the UK, from the indigenous folk music of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, to heavy metal.
Notable composers of classical music from the United Kingdom and the countries that preceded it include William Byrd, Henry Purcell, Sir Edward Elgar, Gustav Holst, Sir Arthur Sullivan (most famous for working with librettist Sir W. S. Gilbert), Ralph Vaughan Williams, and Benjamin Britten, pioneer of modern British opera. .Sir Peter Maxwell Davies is one of the foremost living composers and current Master of the Queen's Music.^ Wizard of Oz, sit-com with live audience, musical), I thought that one themed like a soap opera would be pretty hilarious.
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The UK is also home to world-renowned symphonic orchestras and choruses such as the BBC Symphony Orchestra and the London Symphony Chorus. Notable conductors include Sir Simon Rattle, John Barbirolli and Sir Malcolm Sargent. Some of the notable film score composers include John Barry, Clint Mansell, Mike Oldfield, John Powell, Craig Armstrong, David Arnold, John Murphy, Monty Norman and Harry Gregson-Williams. .George Frideric Handel, although born German, was a naturalised British citizen[258] and some of his best works, such as Messiah, were written in the English language.^ You get to live in New York, star in the best series, work with some really awesome people!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You get to go on vacation in New York, star in the best series, work with some really awesome people!
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[259]
.Prominent British contributors to have influenced popular music over the last 50 years include The Beatles, Queen, Cliff Richard, Elton John, Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd and The Rolling Stones, all of whom have world wide record sales of 200 million or more.^ I have written this on a million other blogs but I just have to say it one more time, you all will be dearly missed...
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^ My husband and I think you must be really burnt out after all the excitement of the last couple of years.
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^ That was about two years ago, and the wellcomposed mixture of good music still adds a little more happiness to my senses!
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[260][261][262][263][264] .[265][266] The Beatles have international record sales of more than one billion.^ Nothing would give me more pleasure than to have the chance to work on one of your productions.
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^ Sometimes, I like to see more than one, but I always pay for all of them.
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[255][256][257] According to research by Guinness World Records, eight of the ten acts with the most UK chart singles are British: Status Quo, Queen, The Rolling Stones, UB40, Depeche Mode, the Bee Gees, the Pet Shop Boys and the Manic Street Preachers.[267]
A number of UK cities are known for their music scenes. .Acts from Liverpool have had more UK chart number one hit singles (54) per capita than any other city worldwide.^ I know absolutley nothing about acting but even I can see that you are more than talented...
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^ But other than that it was one of the best fims I've ever seen in a long time!
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^ So, I'd never been to the city, and on trip number one into the Big Apple, I had to drive.
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[268] .Glasgow's contribution to the music scene was recognised in 2008 when it was named a UNESCO City of Music, one of only three cities in the world to have this honour.^ It is one of the best cities in the world!
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^ And by the way, Yes NYC is one f the best cities in the world, You could do J.D. goes to New York, and shoot all the season there....
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^ NYfor awhile, it was fantastic and only a short three-hour trip to the City!
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[269]

Philosophy

The United Kingdom is famous for the tradition of "British Empiricism", a branch of the philosophy of knowledge that states that only knowledge verified by experience is valid, and "Scottish Philosophy", sometimes referred to as the ‘Scottish School of Common Sense’. The most famous philosophers of British Empiricism are John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume, while Dugald Stewart, Thomas Reid and William Hamilton were major exponents of the Scottish “common sense” school. Britain is also notable for a theory of moral philosophy, Utilitarianism, first used by Jeremy Bentham and later by John Stuart Mill, in his short work Utilitarianism.
Other eminent philosophers from the UK and the states that preceded it include Duns Scotus, John Lilburne, Mary Wollstonecraft, Sir Francis Bacon, Adam Smith, Thomas Hobbes, William of Ockham, Bertrand Russell and Alfred Jules Ayer. Foreign-born philosophers who settled in the UK include Isaiah Berlin, Karl Marx, Karl Popper, and Ludwig Wittgenstein.

Science, engineering and innovation

The United Kingdom led the industrial revolution and has produced scientists and engineers credited with important advances, including;
Notable civil engineering projects, whose pioneers included Isambard Kingdom Brunel, contributed to the world's first national railway transport system. Other advances pioneered in the UK include the marine chronometer, the jet engine, modern bicycle, electric lighting, steam turbine, electromagnet, stereo sound, motion picture, the screw propeller, the internal combustion engine, military radar, electronic computer, aeronautics, soda water, IVF, nursing, antiseptic surgery, vaccination, antibiotics.
Scientific journals produced in the UK include Nature, the British Medical Journal and The Lancet. In 2006, it was reported that the UK provided 9 percent of the world's scientific research papers and a 12 per cent share of citations, the second highest in the world after the US.[276]

Visual art

During the late 1980s and 1990s, the Saatchi Gallery in London brought to public attention a group of multigenre artists who would become known as the Young British Artists. Damien Hirst, Chris Ofili, Rachel Whiteread, Tracey Emin, Mark Wallinger, Steve McQueen, Sam Taylor-Wood, and the Chapman Brothers are among the better known members of this loosely affiliated movement.

Symbols

The Statue of Britannia in Plymouth. Britannia is a national personification of the UK.
The flag of the United Kingdom is the Union Flag. It was created by the superimposition of the Flag of England, the Flag of Scotland and Saint Patrick's Flag in 1801. Wales is not represented in the Union Flag as Wales had been conquered and annexed to England prior to the formation of the United Kingdom. However, the possibility of redesigning the Union Flag to include representation of Wales has not been completely ruled out.[277] The national anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the King", with "King" replaced with "Queen" in the lyrics whenever the monarch is a woman.
Britannia is a national personification of the United Kingdom, originating from Roman Britain.[278] Britannia is symbolised as a young woman with brown or golden hair, wearing a Corinthian helmet and white robes. She holds Poseidon's three-pronged trident and a shield, bearing the Union Flag. Sometimes she is depicted as riding the back of a lion. At and since the height of the British Empire, Britannia has often associated with maritime dominance, as in the patriotic song Rule, Britannia!. The lion symbol is depicted behind Britannia on the British fifty pence coin and one is shown crowned on the back of the British ten pence coin. It is also used as a symbol on the non-ceremonial flag of the British Army. The bulldog is sometimes used as a symbol of the United Kingdom and has been associated with Winston Churchill's defiance of Nazi Germany.[279]

International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 21 out of 182
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 17 out of 180
World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 13 out of 133

See also

Notes

  1. ^ It is sometimes claimed by those from legislative traditions that God Save the Queen is only the de facto anthem because no law was passed making it so. In the British tradition such laws are not necessary. Proclamation and usage are sufficient to make it the official national anthem. God Save the Queen also serves as the Royal anthem for several other countries.
  2. ^ English is established by de facto usage. In Wales, the Bwrdd yr Iaith Gymraeg is legally tasked with ensuring that, "in the conduct of public business and the administration of justice, the English and Welsh languages should be treated on a basis of equality". "Welsh Language Act 1993". Office of Public Sector Information. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1993/Ukpga_19930038_en_2.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-03. . Bòrd na Gàidhlig is tasked with "securing the status of the Gaelic language as an official language of Scotland commanding equal respect to the English language" "Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005". Office of Public Sector Information. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/scotland/acts2005/asp_20050007_en_1. Retrieved 2007-03-09. 
  3. ^ Under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages the Welsh, Scottish Gaelic, Cornish, Irish, Ulster Scots and Scots languages are officially recognised as Regional or Minority languages by the UK Government ("European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages". Scottish Executive. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/ArtsCulture/gaelic/gaelic-english/17910/europeancharter. Retrieved 2007-08-23. ) See also Languages of the United Kingdom.
  4. ^ The Euro is accepted in many payphones and some larger shops.
  5. ^ British dependencies drive on the left except for BIOT and Gibraltar.
  6. ^ ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 states that this should be GB and .gb was initially used by the Government, but registration has been suppressed in favour of .uk. The .eu domain is shared with other European Union member states.
  7. ^ In the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous (regional) languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, the UK's official name is as follows:
    • Cornish: Rywvaneth Unys Breten Veur ha Kledhbarth Iwerdhon;
    • Irish: Ríocht Aontaithe na Breataine Móire agus Thuaisceart Éireann;
    • Scots: Unitit Kinrick o Great Breetain an Northren Irland;
    • Scottish Gaelic: Rìoghachd Aonaichte Bhreatainn Mhòir agus Èireann a Tuath;
    • Welsh: Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon
  8. ^ In 2007-2008, this was calculated to be £115 per week for single adults with no dependent children; £199 per week for couples with no dependent children; £195 per week for single adults with two dependent children under 14; and £279 per week for couples with two dependent children under 14

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External links

Government
General information
Travel

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Category:United Kingdom article)

From Wikiquote

See also: Britons, English monarchs (people).

Pages in category "United Kingdom"

The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total.

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Britain and Ireland : United Kingdom
noframe
Location
noframe
Flag
Image:uk-flag.png
Quick Facts
Capital London
Government Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
Currency Pound sterling (GBP)
Area total: 244,820 sq km
water: 3,230 sq km
land: 241,590 sq km
Population 60,441,457 (July 2006 est.)
Language English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scots (mostly spoken in the Lowlands of Scotland) Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland), some speakers of the Irish form of Gaelic in Northern Ireland
Religion Anglican and Roman Catholic 40 million (66%)- Roman Catholics are about 10% of the population and rising, Muslim 1.5 million (2.5%), Presbyterian 800,000 (1.3%), Methodist 760,000 (1.3%), Sikh 336,000 (0.6%), Hindu 559,000 (0.9%), Jewish 267,000 (0.4%), Buddhist 152,000 (0.25%), no religion 9,104,000 (15%)
Electricity 230V, 50 Hz
Calling Code +44
Internet TLD .uk
Time Zone summer: UTC +1
winter: UTC
Map of the United Kingdom
Map of the United Kingdom
.The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the United Kingdom or the UK) [1] is a constitutional monarchy comprising most of the British Isles, and is one of the world's wealthiest nations.^ It's really great to hear from one of the most talented guys out there.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Union comprises four constituent nations: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It occupies all of the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern portion of the island of Ireland and most of the remaining British Isles. It is important to remember that the Republic of Ireland is a completely separate country to the United Kingdom, gaining its independence in 1922. It counts Ireland, France, Belgium and Netherlands as its nearest neighbours. The Isle of Man and the various Channel Islands are "crown dependencies", possessing their own legislative bodies with the assent of the Crown. They are not part of the United Kingdom, nor of the EU, but are not sovereign nations in their own right either.
The 'Great' in Great Britain (Grande-Bretagne in French) is to distinguish it from the other, smaller "Britain": Brittany (Bretagne) in northwestern France.
The UK today is a diverse patchwork of native and immigrant cultures, possessing a fascinating history and dynamic modern culture, both of which remain hugely influential in the wider world. Although Britannia no longer rules the waves, the UK is still a popular destination for many travellers. The capital and largest city of the United Kingdom is London.

Home nations

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a union made up of the "home nations" and territories:
Great Britain
England the largest component, in terms both of size and, by far, population.
Scotland is the second largest home nation and occupies the northern third of Great Britain. The four archipelagos of Orkney, Shetland, and the Inner and Outer Hebrides are also part of Scotland.
Wales located within the largely mountainous western portion of Great Britain.
Ireland
Northern Ireland occupies the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, occupying six of the nine counties of the ancient Irish province of Ulster, and indeed "Ulster" is still a colloquially used alternative name for Northern Ireland, even if it is not in the strictest sense geographically accurate.
"Great Britain" ("GB", "Britain") refers just to the biggest island, that is, Scotland, England, and Wales together. Great Britain became part of the United Kingdom when the Irish and British parliaments merged in 1801 to form the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland". This was changed to "... and Northern Ireland" when all but six Irish counties left the Union in 1921 after a treaty. "Britain" is often used as shorthand for the whole of the United Kingdom, even though this is strictly incorrect.
Don't describe the country as "England". It is incorrect and may offend people from Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland who will not identify themselves as being from "England".
The flag of the United Kingdom is popularly known as the Union Jack or Union Flag. It comprises the flags of St. George (of England), St. Andrew (of Scotland, also known as the Saltire) and the St. Patrick's Cross (of Ireland) superimposed on each other. Within England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, the flags of each nation are commonly used. The St. Patrick's Cross flag is often seen on St. Patrick's Day in Northern Ireland. Since the Republic of Ireland split from the UK though, St. Patrick's Saltire is not used for Northern Ireland, as it represented the whole of the island of Ireland. A flag (known as the "Ulster Banner") was designed for Northern Ireland in the 1920s, which was based on the flag of Ulster (similar in appearance to the St. George's Cross flag of England) and includes a Red Hand of Ulster and a crown. Although the flag's official status ended with the dissolving of the province's devolved government in the early 1970s, it can still be seen in Northern Ireland, particularly among the Protestant community and on sporting occasions. As Wales was politically integrated into the English kingdom hundreds of years ago, its flag was not incorporated into the Union Jack. The flag features a Red Dragon on a green field.

Referring to someone's nationality

.If you need to refer to someone's nationality, it is best to use the term 'British' as it is not always obvious which of the most precise terms, 'English', 'Northern Irish', 'Welsh' or 'Scottish' applies.^ You remind me a lot of my fiance...always tryna make someone laugh.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ OR you can use it when making a list: i need to bring my socks; banana; wax lips; ball and chain; gloves; and birth certificate.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Zach Braff- (I felt the need to use your full name since I don't actually know you) Hey, hope your summer is going well.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To play safe, you can ask someone from which part of the UK they are from, as this covers every corner of the isles - including Northern Ireland.^ Just don't get any drunken tatoos because it'll be such a nuisance to have to cover them up every time you show some ass in a movie.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But they also played the Iron and Wine cover of "Such Great Heights" from the Garden State soundtrack!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, Zach, I think you should have the Mac guy play you when they make your autobiography.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In general, though, Northern Ireland and Scotland can be more problematic, and 'Scottish', 'Northern Irish', 'Irish', or 'British' can all be appropriate according to the political persuasion of the individual. .Irish nationalists may avoid referring to Northern Ireland at all, referring instead to 'The Six Counties' or 'The North', or talk about 'Ireland' as a whole.^ Some friends and I were just talking about how crappy it would be to be a celeb right now cause the media is in a frenzy to make fun of all of you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I stayed their only for one day but I immediately fall in love with the city though I did not make it to do all the things you talked about.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I had this dream last night that the characters Sam and Large came to my house and we all talked all night about hamsters and feeling at home and crying in phone booths.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

'Northern Irish' is less likely to offend, whereas referring to someone from Northern Ireland as 'British' or as 'Irish' can cause offence depending on a person's political ideology.
As a tourist, you are unlikely to cause serious offence. At worst, you will incur a minor rebuff and reaffirmation of their nationality, as in "I'm not Scottish. I'm English".
The Channel Islands: Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney and Sark.
The Isle of Man.
.The Isle of Man and the Channel Islands are not strictly part of the UK, but rather are 'Crown Dependencies'. This means that they have their own democratic governments, laws and courts and are not part of the EU; but they are not entirely sovereign either, falling under the British Crown which chooses to have its UK Government manage some of the islands' affairs.^ I cried for like 2 minutes straight, And I never cry, I'm a dude, man i wish there was some way i could be a part of this last season, does anyone know of any contest or things like that, or maybe where they are holding tryouts for bit parts??
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I mean, if our dogs eat that stuff, and I know they use all the parts of animals these days for all sorts of stuff, what goes into the foods we eat.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The people are British Citizens, but unless they have direct ties with the UK, through a parent, or have lived there for at least 5 years, they are not able to take up work or residence elsewhere in the European Union

Cities

Many cities and towns in the United Kingdom are of interest to travellers outside the capital city of London. Following is an alphabetical selection of nine - others are listed under their specific regions:
.
  • Belfast - capital of Northern Ireland and becoming a popular tourist destination, undergoing major renovations and improvements
  • Birmingham - central England's main city, features great shopping, and is home of the famous Balti and great culture
  • Bristol - an historical city famed for its Georgian architecture and nautical heritage
  • Cardiff - capital of Wales, host to varied cultural events and many other modern and historical attractions
  • Edinburgh - capital of Scotland, home to the largest arts festival in the world and numerous tourist attractions as well as being the second most visited city in the UK
  • Glasgow - Scotland's largest city, new cultural hotspot, former European City of Culture
  • Liverpool - Booming city, famous for its prominence in music, sport, nightlife and multiculturalism.^ And by the way, Yes NYC is one f the best cities in the world, You could do J.D. goes to New York, and shoot all the season there....
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I've become a Scrubs addict like so many others, what a healthy addiction.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Second: I live in Harrisburg and heard about you hosting the Autism Awareness event here.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Capital of Culture 2008.
  • Manchester - Thriving bohemian music scene, gay quarter and home to the world's only new work arts festival as well as being the third most visited city in the UK.
  • Newcastle upon Tyne - largest city in the north east of England, notorious for its busy night-life, a rejuvenated cultural scene and Hadrian's Wall.

Understand

Government

The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with the Queen as the nominal head of state, and a democratically elected parliament responsible for government, led by the Prime Minister.
Additionally, Northern Ireland, Scotland. Wales have their own elected bodies, with varying degrees of autonomy mostly concerned with taxation and education (The Northern Ireland Assembly, The Scottish Parliament and the Welsh Assembly). England has no similar body of its own.
There are also local government authorities responsible for services at a local level.

Using maps and postcodes

Most basic mapping in the United Kingdom is undertaken by the Ordnance Survey of Great Britain [2] and the Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland [3]. The maps found in bookshops may be published directly by those organisations, or by private map publishers drawing on basic Ordnance Survey data.
One consequence of this for the traveller is the widespread use of Ordnance Survey grid references in guide books and other information sources. These are usually presented [xx999999] (eg. [SU921206]) and form a quick way of finding any location on a map. If using a GPS be sure to set it to the British National Grid (BNG) and the OSGB datum.
Alternatively, every postal address has a postcode, either a unique one or one shared with its immediate neighbours. British postcodes take the form (XXYY ZZZ), where XX is a 2 or 1 character alphabetic code representing the town, city or geographic area, a 1 or 2 digit number YY representing the area of that town or city, followed by a 3 digit alphanumeric code ZZZ which denotes the road and a specific section or house on that road. Therefore, a postcode will identify a location to within a few tens of metres in urban locations; and adding a house number and street will identify a property uniquely (at road junctions two houses with the same number may share the same postcode). Most internet mapping services enable locations to be found by postcode. Owing to London's huge size and population it has its own distinct variation of the postcode system where the town code XX is replaced by an area code indicating the geographic part of the city - e.g N-North, WC-West Central, EC-East Central, SW-South West; and so on.
The Ordnance Survey's 1:50000 or 1:25000 scale maps are astonishingly detailed and show contour lines, public rights of way, and access land. For pursuits such as walking, they are practically indispensable, and in rural areas show individual farm buildings and (on the larger scale) field boundaries.

Climate

The UK has a benign humid-temperate climate moderated by the North Atlantic current and the country's proximity to the sea. Warm, damp summers and mild winters provide temperatures pleasant enough to engage in outdoor activities all year round. Having said that, the weather in the UK can be changeable and conditions are often windy and wet. British rain is world renowned, but in practice it rarely rains more than two or three hours at a time and often parts of the country stay dry for many weeks at a time, especially in the East. More common are overcast or partly cloudy skies. It is an idea to be prepared for a change of weather when going out; a jumper and a raincoat usually suffice when it is not winter.
Because the UK stretches nearly a thousand kilometres from end to end, temperatures can vary quite considerably between north and south. Differences in rainfall are also pronounced between the drier east and wetter west. Scotland and north-western England (particularly the Lake District) are often rainy and cold. Alpine conditions with heavy snowfall are common in the mountains of northern Scotland during the winter. The north-east and Midlands are also cool, though with less rainfall. The south-east and east Anglia is generally warm and dry, and the south-west warm but often wet. Wales and Northern Ireland tend to experience cool to mild temperatures and moderate rainfall, while the hills of Wales occasionally experience heavy snowfall. .Even though the highest land in the UK rarely reaches more than 1,300 metres, the effect of height on rainfall and temperature is great.^ Hi Zach My name is Emma and i'm from Sheffield in the UK. As there is more chance of plaiting fog than meeting you, i thought i would take this opportunity to tell you what a huge fan i am and how great i think you are.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know absolutley nothing about acting but even I can see that you are more than talented...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You've more than proved your value as an actor, writer, director, and artist and I can only say that I will watch your career with great interest.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bank (public) holidays

.Each country within the UK has a number of bank holidays, on which the majority of people do not work.^ Is there any chance that you may one day work in the UK on a film, TV project or in theatre,you would be pleasing a lot of people if you did.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Shops, pubs, restaurants and similar are usually open. .Many UK residents will take advantage of the time off to travel, both within the UK and abroad.^ I think it's so awesome you've finally been able to take some time off!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would take the time to watch it, (with so many other things on my schedual; ie.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Keep up the fantastic work, and Continue enjoying your time off in NYC. Take care!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This makes transport links busier than usual and tends to increase prices. .If your travel dates are flexible you may wish to avoid travelling to or from the UK on bank holiday weekends.^ Best wishes with your dating.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And just want to wish you and your family friends all the very best for the future and your many endeavours.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, I'm still looking for nice lads in Europe and wishing you lots of fun dating in the U.S. Is it true, that you can't eat pasta with the girls over there?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The following 8 bank holidays apply in all parts of the UK:
  • New Year's Day (1st January)
  • Good Friday (the Friday immediately before Easter Sunday)
  • Easter Monday (the Monday immediately after Easter Sunday)
  • Early May Bank Holiday (the first Monday in May)
  • Spring Bank Holiday (the last Monday in May)
  • Summer Bank Holiday (the last Monday in August, except in Scotland where it is the first Monday in August)
  • Christmas Day (25th December)
  • Boxing Day (26th December)
Northern Ireland has the following two additional bank holidays:
  • St Patrick's Day (17th March)
  • Battle of the Boyne / Orangemen's Day (12th July)
Scotland officially has two additional bank holidays:
  • the day after New Year's Day (2nd January)
  • St Andrew's Day (30th November)
.In practice, with the exception of Easter, Christmas and New Year holidays, UK bank holidays are virtually ignored in Scotland in favour of local holidays which vary from place to place.^ Wish you a Merry Christmas%u256A %u266B%u266A%u266B%u266A%u266B%u266A%u266B%u266A%u266A%u266A%u266B%u266B%u266B and Happy New Year 2008 %u256C Warning: Stop Loving Like that ...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Where a bank holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, it is moved to the following Monday. If both Christmas Day and Boxing Day fall on a weekend, the Boxing Day holiday is moved to the following Tuesday.
A full list of bank holidays for future years can be viewed at [4].
Major airports and ferry routes
Major airports and ferry routes
The United Kingdom is physically linked to two other countries. The Channel Tunnel connects the UK to France, and Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. While the UK is a member of the European Union, it has not ratified the Schengen agreement, which means that travel between other EU countries and the UK is considered to be international travel, and requires a passport.
  • Citizens of other member states of the European Union for the most part do not require a visa, and have permanent residency and working rights in the UK. Citizens of Ireland have additional rights allowing them to vote in elections. .However, citizens of Bulgaria and Romania do have restrictions on their employment.
  • Citizens of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland also have permanent residency rights, but may require a work permit in some circumstances.
  • Citizens of American Samoa, Andorra, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Bonaire, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Curaçao, Dominica, East Timor, El Salvador, Federated States of Micronesia, French Guiana, Greenland, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Israel, Kiribati, Lesotho, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niue, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Saba, South Korea, St Eustatius, St Kitts & Nevis, St Lucia, St Maarten, St Vincent & The Grenadines, San Marino, Singapore, Swaziland, Tahiti and her Islands, Taiwan, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Turks and Caicos, Tuvalu, Uruguay, United States, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Vatican City and Venezuela (holders of biometric passports only) do not require a visa for visits of up to 3 or 6 months in a one-year period, though require entry clearance for purposes other than visiting as a tourist or business visitor.^ We think it may have come up one of the pipes or something.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ My boyfriend of two years who I wanted (and still want) to marry broke up with me about a month ago.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Since Frank Jordan's break up, Mike Visser has been working on his new album.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .However, the entry clearance normally prohibits one from undertaking employment or accessing public funds, such as the NHS, and it is nonextendable past the maximum permitted stay.
  • Recently added as a visa exemption is a student visitor category, where a person may receive an entry clearance for the purposes of undertaking a short course of study of no more than six months, but only on the condition that the student not be seeking gainful employment or the possibility of extending their stay beyond six months.^ You've more than proved your value as an actor, writer, director, and artist and I can only say that I will watch your career with great interest.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Nothing would give me more pleasure than to have the chance to work on one of your productions.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ NO MORE! I've been watchin' scrubs for about 3 months now over tinternet and must've seen every episode at least twice.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Persons not eligible to apply for entry clearance upon arrival can apply for a student visitor clearance at a British Embassy, High Commission, or Consulate, but the same restrictions apply.
  • Most other countries and purposes will require a visa, which can be obtained from the nearest British Embassy, High Commission or Consulate.^ Strange how it doesn't seem to bother most of us when we feed a dog or a person some other part(s) of another critter, but when it comes to THAT part.....
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    All UK visa applicants are required to provide biometric data (10-digit fingerprints and a biometric digital photograph) as part of the application process. You will have to go to your nearest visa application centre in person to provide your biometrics.
  • All non-EU visitors should expect to be asked by the Immigration Officer upon arrival to demonstrate that they have a) a return ticket to leave the United Kingdom or sufficient funds to meet the cost of an onwards plane ticket, b) a valid address at which they will be staying in the United Kingdom and c) sufficient funds with which to support themselves during their stay. .An inability to demonstrate these three basics may lead to a refusal of leave to enter or a grant of restricted leave.
  • The United Kingdom has converted the previous visa categories (except for student visitor, business, tourist, transit, and a few others) into a points-based tier system, meaning that you will be required to satisfy specific and non-negotiable criteria before the visa is issued.
  • Commonwealth citizens who are 17 or over and have a British grandparent can apply for an Ancestry visa.^ HE LOST MY PLAY he lost a piece of my SOUL he means- I would've understood if he had been too busy BUT HE LOST IT. And I'm telling you this why?
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The heart and humor you all put into your roles has meaning to those of us who have the joy of watching what you've created.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As a totally nerdy theater girl who was attending dance camp while all the other girls where rounding the bases in high school, may I say that your appearance on the Tony's was a bright spot in an otherwise mediocre season.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This allows residency and work for five years. After this, permanent residence may be applied for.
  • The UK also operates Youth Mobility Visas' for citizens of Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Japan. .This allows residency in the UK for up to 2 years, with limited working rights.^ I'm an American currently living in the UK and I am enourmous fan of yours and everything that you do, I hope for you to keep up your amazing work!!
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I'm an American currently living in the UK and I am enormous fan of yours and everything that you do, I hope for you to keep up your amazing work!!
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Some visas restrict working to only a portion of the visa duration.^ I just wish some of the Doctors I worked with were like the character, and if only we had some residents (my favorites) that were like the characters on Scrubs and less, like, well...they do act like "the Todd".
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Only a limited number of visas are issued for each country -- in particular, demand far exceeds supply for Japan. The former Working Holiday visa has been discontinued.
  • Regardless of citizenship, passports are not required to enter the UK from the Republic of Ireland.
  • EU citizens may use a valid national ID card from an EEA country to enter the UK. Passports are required from all other countries.
For more information of UK Immigration and visa requirements, see the British Home Office website [5].
Common Travel Area
.If you enter the United Kingdom through Ireland, you will pass through passport control at your port of entry into Ireland, but you probably not be required to clear UK passport control.^ Passing through your blog entries, I see that you had a couple of movies.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hi Zach, I enjoy your blog and was hoping you'd write a new entry...last we heard from you was end of June!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The heart and humor you all put into your roles has meaning to those of us who have the joy of watching what you've created.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, you will only be limited to a stay of three months in the UK and Ireland (or whatever the passport control officer in Ireland gives you an entry clearance for) if you qualify for a visa exemption, not the usual six-month stay for visa-exempt nationals.^ Anyway, me becomming a real fan of you came believe it or not about 6 months ago only.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You see in my country our channels only air seasons 3 and 4 (I live in the UK).
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And after I was "quarantined" there for six months after you left until the infection cleared up, you cad!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hence, especially if you attempt to enter as a Student Visitor, you should not transit through Ireland unless you possess a valid visa permitting a stay of more than three months or intend to stay for fewer than three months.^ I'm more than enormously addicted to you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anyway, I was just up in NYC ( I love it just as much if not more than you) not too long ago, I wish I could've run into you...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know absolutley nothing about acting but even I can see that you are more than talented...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If you are a visa national for Ireland or the UK, however, you must possess a visa from each country that requires you to have one if you intend to visit both of them, even if it is merely in transit.^ Hi Mr. Braff, I'm a 18 years old boy from Switzerland, perhaps you even don't know where this very little country is, so google it ;-).
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You see in my country our channels only air seasons 3 and 4 (I live in the UK).
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But anywho, you probably won't even read this, because you get so many comments, it would be time consuming to sit down and read every single one of them.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Not passing through passport control does not exempt one from having a visa if needed, and you can be deported for not having one.

Customs and goods

The UK has relatively strict laws controlling which goods can and cannot be brought into the country. Particularly stringent laws apply to the movement of animals. .The British Isles are rabies-free, and the government (and the people) want to keep it that way.^ Getting money (and hopefully free Frosties for life) from Wendys must be quite a nice way to earn your keep this summer.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Signs in several languages are displayed prominently at even the smallest of boat landings all around the coast. .Owing to the relaxation of some duty laws on alcohol and tobacco when travelling across EU borders, it has become popular among the British to bring back large quantities of such goods bought tax-free in Continental Europe in recent years.^ I have recently become a stay at home mom after teaching kindergarten for almost 10 years....
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, the practice has become open to abuse, with many trying to illegally import large amounts for the purposes of selling on at a profit. Customs laws are therefore strict for the bringing of alcohol and tobacco and if a Customs officer thinks that the amount you are trying to bring into the country from the EU is excessive, you may be questioned further, or be asked to prove that it is for your own consumption. The fines can be severe, and you also run the risk of the goods (and the vehicle they are being transported in) being confiscated.

By plane

.When flying to the UK you are most likely to arrive at one of London's five airports, although there are direct international flights to many other cities.^ I thought you might like to know how much influence your music choices for the soundtrack of Garden State had on many people.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm a huge fangirl of you, Zack, as I'm sure many other girls are.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Too cynical to actually believe it true like the others, to maintain appearances I too shall post a comment which I "believe" will be read by you: Thanks for your body of work.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

KLM has a large number of feeder flights from almost every UK regional airport to its international hub in Amsterdam.
Recently, many airports in southern England have added "London" to their names. .Be aware that just because an airport has London in its name doesn't necessarily mean that it is near to, or easily accessible from, London.^ I would LOVE for the writers to throw in that name...you know....just because :) okok you caught me!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I love to see someone in showbusiness that doesn't change themselves just because of the tabloids!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just cuz i dream of you some nights that your my buddy doesn't mean I'm obsessed right?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • London Heathrow Airport [6] is one of the world's busiest international airports. Situated 15 miles west of Central London, Heathrow offers a large choice of international destinations, with direct flights to most countries in the world. British Airways [7] has its hub at Heathrow and offers a wide range of international flights to Europe, North America, Asia, Africa and Australia. .There are fewer direct flights to South America, although many South American airlines connect to London via Spain.^ We have America's first indoor mall, America's first cotton mill, Downtown Providence which is BEAUTIFUL and has so many things to do there.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ When you say Open Hearts - there's a Dogme film by the same name directed by Suzanne Bier...is there a connection?
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Other large airlines operating at Heathrow include bmi [8] (formerly British Midland), Virgin Atlantic [9] and the main national airlines of most countries.
  • London Gatwick Airport [10], 30 miles south of London in Sussex, is the second-largest airport, and also offers a wide range of international flights.
  • London Stansted Airport [11] in Essex is a hub for the budget airlines Ryanair [12] and easyJet [13] who offer direct flights to a wide range of European destinations as well as to Asia, with daily flights to Kuala Lumpur with Air Asia X.
  • London Luton Airport [14] in Bedfordshire is also a major hub for the Ryanair [15] and easyJet [16]
  • London City Airport [17] is the most central airport in London, situated 7 miles east of Central London, but primarily serves business passengers to the main financial centres in Europe.
  • Manchester International Airport [18] in the North of England is the UK's third-largest airport serving many European and a reasonable number of long-haul destinations. This could be a more convenient arrival airport for visitors to North Wales, the North of England and Scotland.
.Outside London and Manchester, many of the regional airports offer a wide range of direct links to European and some long-haul destinations.^ I have enjoyed acting for several years now, and I have been in many school, community, and some regional theatre shows.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • Liverpool John Lennon Airport [19], in North West England, is the UK's fastest-growing airport and is taking on more and more flights.
  • Leeds Bradford [20] is a hub for Jet2 [21] and Ryanair.
  • Birmingham International [22]
Other smaller regional airports include Bournemouth, Bristol, East Midlands, Newcastle, Norwich, Southampton and Teesside/Durham Tees Valley.
In Scotland the major airports with links to London and abroad are:
  • Glasgow has two airports: Glasgow International [23] (for most major airlines) and Glasgow Prestwick [24] (for RyanAir and some low-cost flights)
  • Edinburgh
  • Aberdeen
  • Inverness
Cardiff International [25] is the only international airport in Wales; it is a major hub of bmibaby[26]
In Northern Ireland, Belfast International Airport [27] and Belfast City Airport [28] both serve the province's capital. City of Derry Airport [29] serves the northwest with a limited number of international and domestic flights.
Due to an increase in airport security and aviation security in general, long delays are possible when checking in for a flight. Additionally a passport or valid photo ID (such as photo driver's licence, national ID card, etc.) is required for internal flights.

By train

From Belgium and France

Eurostar [30] high-speed trains run between London (St Pancras International), Ebbsfleet and Ashford through the Channel Tunnel to Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels. During the summer an additional weekly train operates to Avignon and during the winter a weekly service runs a ski service direct to the French Alps. Through tickets and connections are available in Lille, Paris and Brussels from many European cities to most large UK cities.
Journey times average two hours fifteen minutes to and from Paris, and one hour fifty minutes to Brussels. A second class return from Paris to London costs between €85 and €230. While it can be cheaper to fly from London to Paris using a low-cost airline, bear in mind that the journeys to the airports can be expensive and time-consuming.

From The Netherlands

Multiple daily connections from Dutch cities are possible via Brussels and the Eurostar to London. It can be cheaper (and more flexible) to book an 'Any Dutch station' Eurostar ticket that permits connection to/from any Dutch station provided the itinerary doesn't use the more expensive Thalys services.
Combined train and ferry tickets are available to travellers from stations in the Netherlands to train stations in East Anglia, Essex and East London. This service may be a useful alternative to Eurostar for travellers from Northern Europe, or for those wishing to travel to East Anglia. The interchange between the ferry terminal and the train station at both ports is very simple and user friendly. Express trains from Harwich International are timed to meet the ferry and allow a simple transfer to London Liverpool Street. The Dutch Flyer website [31] gives prices only for tickets purchased in Great Britain; it does, however, give timetable information. Stena's Dutch language website [32] allows booking of tickets for journeys starting from the Netherlands.

From the Republic of Ireland

Cross-border rail services to Northern Ireland
From Dublin in Ireland, the Enterprise [33] takes just over 2 hours to Belfast. Tickets available from Irish Rail [34] (in the Republic) and NI Railways [35] in the North.
Services to the British mainland
Combined Rail & Sail[36] tickets are available from any railway station in the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland to any railway station in Great Britain. Tickets can be bought from the railway company and ferry operators. Through tickets are available on most sea corridors.
Fares are slightly higher during July and August. .Virgin Trains [37] may be offering advance-purchase tickets from London to Dublin from £32 return, although these are hard to obtain and possible only for journeys starting in Great Britain.^ NY is great, although I only went a few times.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By car

The Channel Tunnel has provided a rail/road connection since 1994. Shuttle trains carry cars from Calais, France to Folkestone, the journey taking around 40 minutes. Fares start at £49 one way and can be booked on the Eurotunnel website [38]. On arrival at Folkestone, you can drive on to the M20 motorway which heads towards London. Car ferries also operate to many parts of the UK, see 'by boat' section. Drivers entering Northern Ireland from the Republic of Ireland will usually find they have done so without noticing. .There are no border controls, and only the major roads will display signs stating that you are leaving one country and entering the other.^ And by the way, Yes NYC is one f the best cities in the world, You could do J.D. goes to New York, and shoot all the season there....
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm a native of Brooklyn, and I agree with you that there is no place better than the city.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finding study partners for pilot studies is impossible %u2013 I thought I was the only one out there%u2026 but nice to know you are going for it.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It should be noted that road signs in the Republic of Ireland are in kilometres while those in Northern Ireland are in miles so it is advisable to take note of the differences in signs and road markings when driving in border areas.

By bus

Coaches are the cheapest way to travel to the UK from France and the Benelux. Eurolines offer daily services from Paris, Amsterdam and Brussels to London Victoria coach station. Daily overnight coaches and limited day coaches travel between the UK and Ireland. Connections are available to most parts of the UK via the domestic National Express coach system, for most destinations it is cheaper to purchase this when purchasing your Eurolines tickets as discounts are available. Journeys take about 8-14 hours.
.Eurolines will also take you to/from other major European cities.^ Someone from the bottom trying to take the path you and so many others have.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only do you take care to do quality work for your own fans but you turn them on to other artist's work as well.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Taking a budget flight is normally cheaper (but with a greater environmental impact), and spares you from a 24h+ bus journey.
.Various other operators compete with Eurolines, mostly between Poland and the UK; these come and go.^ It is syndicated on about 3 different channels that all fall perfectly one after another on the weeknights, so between all of the other goob and bad (mostly bad...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By boat

.See the city articles for more details on routes, timings and costs.^ The people were always friendly and I wish i'd got to see more of the city.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yesterday I see for the fourth time the film a kiss more ow!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ferry routes to British Mainland
There are a large number of ferry routes into the UK from continental Europe. Newcastle serves a route from Amsterdam in the Netherlands. Harwich has ferries from Esbjerg in Denmark and Hoek van Holland in the Netherlands. .You can also sail from Rotterdam in the Netherlands or Zeebrugge in Belgium to Hull, or from Zeebrugge to Rosyth, near Edinburgh (note that this service will resume in April or May 2009, as Norfolk Line [39] take over the route from Superfast Ferries, whose service ended in September 2008).^ This would be near the end of MAY 2008.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm so glad to hear that you're taking the bike route!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yeah, Scrubs is ending in 2008 :( any new shows you will be doing i'd like to know .
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is a regular connection between Ramsgate and Oostende in Belgium.^ Anyway, I thought it would be cool to actually find out once and for all if there is a connection between our families.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There are 4 sailings a day and prices vary between €50 to €84.
Dover is one of Britain's most popular passenger ports with sailings from Zeebrugge, Dunkerque and Calais in France. .The Dover-Calais route is particularly busy, with three companies competing and up to 50 sailings per day.^ TradeTang is the premiere online china wholesale distributor and closeout company helping small businesses and entrepreneurs compete against larger enterprises.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Ferry between Dover and Calais costs around £12-18 each way if on foot or bicycle, and around £80 for a car, although big discounts are available if booked in advance or with special offers.
On the south coast, Portsmouth serves ferries from Le Havre, Caen, Cherbourg, St. Malo and Bilbao in Spain and there are speedy services between Dieppe and Newhaven. The other route from Spain is Santander to Plymouth, Plymouth also has ferries from Roscoff, Poole has ferries to Cherbourg as well as the Channel Islands.
From the Republic of Ireland, ports of entry include Pembroke, Fishguard and Holyhead and Swansea (service suspended until March 2010). There are sailings from Dublin to Holyhead, and Liverpool.

Get around

An extensive national public transport journey planner for the UK is available on the Traveline website [40].
Transport Direct also operate a website for all modes of transport, including planes, cars, and allows comparisons to be made with public transport options [41]

By plane

Given the short distances involved, flying is rarely the cheapest or most convenient option for domestic travel within the UK with the possible exception of between southern England and Scotland. The main domestic hubs are London, Belfast, Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow and Edinburgh. The arrival of budget airlines Ryanair [42] and easyJet [43] have seen a boom in domestic UK air travel, and have forced fares down considerably. To get the best fare, it is advisable to book as far in advance as possible. It is worth noting that many regional airports are not connected to the national rail network, with connections to the nearest cities served by relatively expensive buses. .Photo ID is required before boarding domestic flights in the UK. Check your airline's requirements carefully before setting out.^ I first checked out your website the day I first saw Garden State.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Brohan, CHECK OUT THE FORMAT They have a nice fresh sound so please put them in the next season of Scrubs, and remember Don't smother your kids!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I found your website via COSMO Magazine, they said you were ranked as one of the cutest bloggers so I decided to check it out and here I am.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.'Screen-scraper' comparison websites can be a useful way to compare flight costs between airports or even city pairs (suggesting alternative airports, for instance).^ Good Morning or so Zach, you may excuse my English and even the way I like to express myself, because I might using the wrong words.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beware that some airlines, such as Ryanair, object to being included in these searches, so these sites are not always comprehensive.^ I get some pressure with Photoshop, people always ask me to fix pictures and such, draw etc.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The following carriers offer domestic flights within the United Kingdom:
  • British Airways [44]: Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Jersey, London Gatwick, Heathrow and City Airports, Manchester, Newcastle.
  • FlyBE [45] - Aberdeen, Belfast City, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster-Sheffield, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow, Guernsey, Inverness, Isle Of Man, Jersey, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, London Gatwick, Manchester, Newcastle, Newquay, Norwich, Southampton and Southend airports
  • Loganair [46] operating as a franchise carrier for FlyBe - Eday, Kirkwall, North Ronaldsay, Papa Westray, Sanday, Stronsay, Westray airports.
  • bmi [47] & bmi Regional [48] - Aberdeen, Belfast City, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Inverness, Jersey, London Heathrow , Manchester, Norwich, Southampton airports.
  • Eastern Airways [49] - Aberdeen, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Durham, Humberside, Inverness, Isle Of Man , Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle, Norwich, Nottingham East Midlands, Southampton, Stornoway, Wick airports.
  • easyJet [50] - Aberdeen, Belfast International,Bournemouth, Bristol, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Inverness, Liverpool, London Gatwick, London Luton, London Stansted, Newcastle airports.
  • bmibaby [51] - Aberdeen, Belfast International, Birmingham, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Jersey, Manchester, Newquay, Nottingham East Midlands airports.
  • Ryanair [52] - Aberdeen, Bournemouth, Glasgow-Prestwick, Inverness, Liverpool, London Stansted, City of Derry, Newquay, Nottingham East Midlands airports.
  • Air Southwest [53] - Bristol, Cardiff, Jersey, Leeds/Bradford, London City and Gatwick, Manchester, Newquay, Plymouth airports.
  • Aurigny Air Services [54] - Alderney, Bristol, Guernsey, Jersey, London Gatwick, London Stansted, Manchester, Southampton airports.
  • Blue Islands [55] - Alderney, Bournemouth, Brighton, Cardiff, Guernsey, Isle Of Man, Jersey, Southampton airports.
  • Euromanx [56] - Belfast City, Isle Of Man, Liverpool, London City, Manchester airports.
  • Isles Of Scilly Skybus [57] - Bristol, Exeter, Isles Of Scilly (St. Mary's), Newquay, Southampton airports.
  • Jet2 [58] - Belfast International, Blackpool, Leeds/Bradford, London Gatwick, Newcastle airports.
  • Thomsonfly [59] - Bournemouth, Cardiff, Coventry, Doncaster-Sheffield, Jersey, London Luton airports.
  • VLM Airlines [60] (now operating for KLM) - Isle Of Man, Jersey, Liverpool, London City, Manchester airports.
  • Highland Airways [61] - Anglesey, Benbecula, Cardiff, Inverness, Shetland Islands (Sumburgh), Stornoway airports.
  • British International [62] - Isles Of Scilly (St. Mary's), Isles Of Scilly (Tresco), Penzance airports.
  • Atlantic Airways Faroe Islands [63] - Stansted and Shetland Islands (Sumburgh) airports.
Simplified UK Rail Network
Simplified UK Rail Network
The UK has an extensive privatised train network of some 34,000km (21,000 miles) covering most of the country, from Penzance in Cornwall to Thurso in the far north of Scotland. There is a multitude of different tickets, which can make train travel confusing, even for UK citizens.
Train services are not as fast as the high speed lines of France or Germany. However the UK has one of the busiest commuter and freight networks in the world with a relatively high standard of service on both main and secondary routes. Train services can range from excellent to very poor, and the trains themselves can range from older and more comfortable locomotive-hauled coaches to less spacious and less comfortable multiple units. Train travel is a viable option for exploring the UK and is usually quicker and cheaper than bringing a car into the country or renting one.
Privatisation has resulted in a huge range of quality and price of rail services. While some connections and companies have poor standards of speed, reliability and cleanliness, others offer excellent service and value for money. .However tickets can be bought from any station for travel to and from anywhere on the network and it is perfectly normal to get a connection changing from one company to another.^ It is syndicated on about 3 different channels that all fall perfectly one after another on the weeknights, so between all of the other goob and bad (mostly bad...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Structure

The track, stations and infrastructure of Britain's railway network (with the exception of preserved railways) is owned by the government and known as Network Rail. Trains are operated by privately owned and commercially run Train operating companies (TOCs). The Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) represents all the passenger train companies, and markets them collectively as National Rail.

Passenger rail companies

As of January 2009, the National Rail [64] network of passenger operating companies consists of:
  • Arriva Trains Wales / Trenau Arriva Cymru [65]
  • c2c [66]
  • Chiltern Railways [67]
  • CrossCountry [68]
  • East Midlands Trains [69]
  • Eurostar [70]
  • First Capital Connect [71]
  • First Great Western [72]
  • First ScotRail [73]
  • First Transpennine Express [74]
  • Gatwick Express [75]
  • Grand Central [76]
  • Heathrow Connect [77]
  • Heathrow Express [78]
  • Hull Trains [79]
  • Island Line [80]
  • London Midland [81]
  • London Overground [82]
  • London Underground [83]
  • Merseyrail [84]
  • National Express East Anglia [85]
  • National Express East Coast [86]
  • Northern Rail [87]
  • South West Trains [88]
  • Southeastern [89]
  • Southern [90]
  • Stansted Express [91]
  • Virgin Trains [92]
  • Wrexham & Shropshire [93]
One exception of note to the above is in Northern Ireland. The slightly different administrative system and legacy of the Northern Irish transport system means that Northern Ireland Railways [94] are not part of the National Rail network. See Rail travel in Ireland for more information.

Planning your trip

The first source for rail travel information in the UK is National Rail [95]. The National Rail website, and the National Rail Enquiries phone service on +44 (0)8457 48 49 50 provide train time and fare information. However National Rail do not sell tickets. Tickets are sold by train operating companies, either from ticket offices and ticket machines at railway stations, over the phone or from one of several websites.
  • National Express [96] have one of the more user-friendly websites. It is particularly useful because of the way in which it allows you to compare the cost of two one-way tickets versus a return ticket. A lowest fare finder also quickly shows you the cheapest combination of trains. It makes no charge for credit / debit card payments nor ticket collection / delivery.
  • thetrainline.com [97] is one of the largest train ticketing websites, but its interface is not as easy to use as others. Thetrainline.com also provides the ticketing software to the websites of many of the train operating companies listed above. .It charges both a credit / debit card handling fee and a fee to collect your tickets from a station or to have them posted to you.
  • RailEasy [98] is another train booking service.^ As always, like every day, I get on your blog to see if you posted a new blog.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Too cynical to actually believe it true like the others, to maintain appearances I too shall post a comment which I "believe" will be read by you: Thanks for your body of work.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hi Zach, Strap a video to your bike helmet and post us some cool NYC views as you cycle.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It charges credit / debit card handling fees.

Tickets

.In general you can save money on train travel by booking in advance (tickets normally go on sale three months in advance) and by avoiding travel during peak times (6-9.30am, 4-7pm Monday to Friday) as trains are busier and more expensive.^ Largest selection of discount cheap timberland boot, Saving a lot at our Timberland boots for men Outlet Store of timberland boots uk timberland boots timberland shoes timberland boots sale cheap timberland boots timberland in uk timberland chukka boots timberlands uk timberlands on sale timberland waterproof.We assure you of our Best Services at all times.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Note to all - save you money cuz I will outbid you!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anyway, two months go by and I still hadn't heard from him and I say "That's okay, you know I'm sure he's a busy guy, he's probably forgotten about it, let me e-mail him and remind him".
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.You are required to buy a ticket prior to boarding a train, unless the your station has no ticket facilities (not uncommon in rural areas) in which case you must buy a ticket on the train at the first opportunity, else you are liable to pay a 'penalty fare' and may be prosecuted for fare evasion.^ Well, in case you took your time to read this, I dig all I've seen with/by you so just keep up the good work Greetings from Sweden!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I just wanna said you are an excelent actor and that Ive enjoy a lot your first movie (I have to see others).
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hope you enjoy future film-makings and your bike-buying .
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.National Rail offers three broad kinds of ticket, which allow you to choose between flexibility and value.^ If I were to choose between you or Paul Walker, I'd definitely choose you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In increasing order of cost per mile, tickets are classed as:
  • Advance - Buy in advance, travel on specific trains
  • Off-Peak - Buy any time, travel 'off-peak' (outside busy times, normally after 10am and all day at the weekends)
  • Anytime - Buy any time, travel any time
.Advance tickets are only sold as single (one-way) tickets.^ Its the only way some of us can admit we have good feelings, too, not just cynical ones.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

With the exception of suburban and commuter trains, the cheapest fares are almost always Advance tickets. These are released for sale in limited numbers approximately 12 weeks in advance, and must be used on the train specified on the reservation. They are not valid on any other train.
When purchasing a less restricted but more expensive off-peak or anytime ticket, note that return fares are normally only a small amount more than a single (one-way).
Seat reservations are normally free (with the exception, from spring 2009, of trains operated by National Express East Coast and National Express East Anglia, who charge £2.50 per reservation) and are available on most longer distance journeys and strongly recommended where available. .If you are travelling on a train with reserved seating with a reservation yourself, check the paper tag or digital display above the seat before sitting down, or you may be required to vacate it.^ But anywho, you probably won't even read this, because you get so many comments, it would be time consuming to sit down and read every single one of them.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Come on in Zach make yourself nice and comfortable, relax have a seat this will be an easy intrview, Zach besides being a gifted actor what other hobbies do you have?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are 3 of us who say that if there was one man in the world we would want to sit down and have coffee with, it would be you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Discounts

Discounts on these tickets are available for:
  • Children - up to the age of 15
  • Small Groups – of between 3 and 9 people
  • Large Groups – 10 or more people
  • Railcards – discount cards valid for one year
  • Regional Railcards – offering discounts within a specific region
See Rail travel in the UK for full details.

Rail passes

There are two principal types of rail pass available to visitors to the UK which permit inclusive rail travel throughout the UK. Supplements are normally payable for Eurostar and sleeper trains.
  • InterRail and Eurail are passes for EU and non-EU citizens respectively. See Interrail#Passes for more information.
  • Britrail [99] is primarily targeted at visitors from the United States of America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, and must be purchased online or in your home nation before you depart for the UK

Ranger & Rover tickets

Ranger and Rover tickets are tickets that permit unlimited travel with relatively few restrictions over a defined geographical area for a period of anything from one to fourteen days. A full list of tickets is available with their terms and conditions from National Rail [100]. These tickets include Rovers for almost every region of the UK, but notable tickets include:
  • All Line Rover: 7 or 14 Days - These national Rovers allow one or two weeks travel on almost all scheduled rail services in the UK. As of January 2009, they cost £375 / £565 respectively for standard class, and £565 / £860 for first class, with concessions for children and railcard holders.
  • Freedom of Scotland Travelpass: 4 days in 8 or 8 days in 15 - £105 and £140 respectively, with concessions for children and railcard holders.

Lines & routes

This list is not comprehensive, mentioning only Britain's main line railways.

Services

With the exception of certain regional, local and some suburban routes, trains feature two classes of accommodation:
  • Standard class accommodation with two seats either side of the aisle with a variety of facing 'table' or more private 'airline' seats.
  • First class accommodation, with two seats and one seat either side of the aisle, with a larger seat, more legroom, and an at-seat service of drinks, refreshments and a newspaper (not all at seat services available at the weekend, or for the entirety of the journey).
Longer distance journeys feature some or all of the following:
  • Free seat reservations, indicated by a paper tag or electronic display above each seat
  • A walk-up buffet or shop, or a trolley service of drinks and refreshments moving through the train
  • Air conditioning throughout
  • At least one carriage with a fully disabled-accessible toilet and baby changing facilities
  • On some services, a complimentary or paid wireless internet service
There are also five scheduled overnight sleeper trains that operate every night of the week except Saturday:
Reservations are mandatory on sleeper trains, and supplements are payable on top of most ticket prices to reserve a berth. Special advance purchase tickets known as Bargain Berths are available on the Scottish sleepers, starting at £19. They are only available from ScotRail.co.uk [101]. All sleeper trains offer:
  • Reclining seated accommodation (comparable to daytime first class)
  • Standard Class (a cabin with two berths; solo travellers will share with someone of the same sex)
  • First Class (a identical cabin but with a single berth and more generous breakfast, toiletry pack and access to departure and arrival lounges at larger stations)

Steam trains and preserved railways

These are enjoyed for their own sake at least as much as they are used as a means of transport. [102]

By car

All of the UK drives on the left - the opposite side from mainland Europe and the USA, but the same as Australia,India, New Zealand, Japan, South Africa and a number of other countries. .In one well-publicised incident, Hollywood actor Matthew Broderick was involved in an 1987 accident in Northern Ireland in which he ploughed head-on into another car because he was on the wrong side of the road.^ Not because I'm in med school (far from it), or not because I have the same issues, just because every actor is so committed that I become sucked into your world.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Visitors from the United States and Canada should bear in mind that as in the rest of Europe most cars in the UK are manual (i.e. "stick-shift") transmission, and that car rental companies will allocate you a manual transmission car by default unless you specifically ask for an automatic when you make a reservation. .You will usually have to pay a few extra pounds for an auto but not having to worry about gears whilst learning to drive on the "wrong side of the road" is well worth paying extra for!^ Well, catch you on the flip side!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I was psycho about you adding me on a stupid webpage I hardly use except for my two friends in Jersey, a few in Scotland.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm still having sexual fantasies about you Zach.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A car will get you pretty much anywhere in the UK. Parking is a problem in large cities, and especially in London, can be very expensive.^ Thank you very much .
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And, pretty much any movie you are in, we see.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That's OK Thank you very much .
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Petrol (gasoline) is heavily taxed and therefore expensive, currently at around £1.07 per litre (around €1.20 per litre, US$5.50 per US gallon). The cheapest fuel is usually available at supermarkets. Branches of Tesco, Sainsburys, Morrisons and Asda tend to have fuel stations in their car parks, which are often cheaper than the big name fuel stations like Esso/Exxon, Shell and BP.
.There are very few tolls (mainly on some large bridges/tunnels, such as the Severn Bridges) but a levy (congestion charge) of £8 (€8.68, US$10.95) is payable for driving in central London.^ You and the rest of the cast, along with some incredible writers and crew, have brought laughter, and not a few tears, to a good many of us and I think you for that.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I spent some time there a few years ago for a Pitchfest.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Traffic can be very heavy, especially during 'rush hour', when commuters are on their way to and from work - typically 7-10AM and 4-7PM. School holidays can make a noticeable difference, however, particularly in the morning rush hour.^ I Just LOVE all of you works, ure superfantastic (hehehe mr. And by the way, your blog is very intersting and very funny!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm somehow doubting that the post I make on your blog will ever actually make any difference to you, especially since im #1273839, but perhaps it is worth a shot.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Noticed you hanging out backstage in the NY Magazine photos, however, and everyone looked very spiffy and dapper and loving the night.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The M25 London orbital motorway is particularly notorious (known to most Londoners as London's car park because all the traffic comes to a standstill) - it is best avoided on Monday mornings and Friday afternoons, use it only if you need to, and take local advice if you plan to drive to Heathrow to catch a plane.^ I wish you all the best with your projects to come.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Take care and all the best to you, Crissy .
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All the best to you, take care.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The M6 through Birmingham is another traffic blackspot. .You can typically bet on finding a traffic jam if you drive for more than 90 minutes on the motorway system.^ I'm more than enormously addicted to you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anyway, I was just up in NYC ( I love it just as much if not more than you) not too long ago, I wish I could've run into you...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know absolutley nothing about acting but even I can see that you are more than talented...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Checking local traffic reports on the radio or websites such as Highways Agency [103] or Frixo [104] can help if you know you need to travel during busy hours.^ Also, if you like Chocolate and for some reason didn't already know about it, check out Max Brenners in Union Square.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hardly know a thing about you...Im not obsessed enough to check when your birthday is or where you grew up....
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I found your website via COSMO Magazine, they said you were ranked as one of the cutest bloggers so I decided to check it out and here I am.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many cities operate a "Park and Ride" scheme, with car parks on the edge of the city and cheap buses into the city centre, and you should consider using them.^ I've never posted a comment to a stranger before, however I have allowed you into my home on many occations before, i.e.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't know what I should call you, I'm not used to this whole online talk-to-a-celebrity deal.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So I got into the car with my mom and I used my boss' directions and we entered the city via the Lincoln Tunnel.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In major cities (particularly London, Manchester, Liverpool, Glasgow and Birmingham) it is usually a much better option to park on the outskirts and take public transport to the centre. This not only saves money on parking and fuel but also saves a lot of time as heavy traffic, twisty one way systems, and limited parking space causes long delays.
Parking on-street is usually heavily restricted. Never park on a white, double yellow or double red line (stopping on white or red lines is illegal. Parking on a single-yellow line is restricted (typically no-parking during the daytime e.g. 7am-7pm) and the restrictions are displayed on roadside yellow signs. Many residential streets require a resident's parking permit to park on the street, although outer-suburbs have less restrictions. On-street parking in cities may be restricted to disability-badge holders or be heavily metered, and is often for no more than a 1-2 hours stay in the daytime but is often free at night. .Surface lots generally operate the pay 'n' display payment system - you must buy a ticket from a vending machine, select how many hours you wish to pay and then place the ticket on your dashboard in clear view - these places are regularly patrolled and if you don't return to your car before the allotted time you'll get a penalty or get clamped.^ Luisa P.S. How is the weather at your place?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you where in Tacoma,how was your visit?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Zach i don't know how many times people can say you are awesome.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Often you'll need to enter your car's license plate number when buying the ticket to prevent people from 'selling on' tickets with leftover time.^ Your fans need you!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How often do people stop you on the streets and ask for an autograph?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just don't get any drunken tatoos because it'll be such a nuisance to have to cover them up every time you show some ass in a movie.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Parking garages (known as 'multi-storeys' in British English) are usually multi-level buildings or in larger cities may be located underground. Most have barrier-controls - you'll be issued with a ticket upon entry. .When returning to your vehicle you must either pay at a 'pay station' (a self-service terminal inside the car park's lobby) in which you insert the ticket and pay the required amount - the ticket will be given back to you and you must insert it into the slot at the exit barrier; or alternatively you will pay a cashier at the exit barrier - it'll normally explain the payment process on the ticket.^ I'll run into you sometime.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know that you'll probably never read this, or care to respond, but I think it would be SO cool if yoy just returned a message and said "hi".
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, reading your blogs is like listening to JD talk - there must be alot of you in him.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Parking charges vary from less than 50p per hour in small towns to over 4GBP an hour in the largest cities. Many larger cities have digital displays on the approach roads indicating how many parking spaces are available in each car park.
In any town, expect regular bus services between the centre, suburbs and nearby villages, and less frequent services to more rural areas. London also has the largest mass-transit system in the world - the London Underground. Manchester, Birmingham, Sheffield and Liverpool have tram (streetcar) services throughout the city. Glasgow and Newcastle also have underground rail systems; both are relatively small compared to the Tube, but do criss-cross the city-centre, and bus services from the outlying areas are frequent and reliable (though often slow due to traffic).
The UK has a comprehensive system of road numbers. These generally take precedence on signs: British roads are signed on a route-based rather than destination oriented basis. .Therefore, before setting out on a long journey, plan the route you are going to take and note the road numbers you will need to follow.^ How long did it take you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Go get a smudge stick from some hokey pokey witch shop before you start filming again and burn it (it's sage).
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hope those guys keep making movies together for a good long while (you need to get in on that action!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is very unusual to see destinations, even large cities, signed more than about 50 miles in advance.^ I think you are a very talented actor and although I was sad about Scrubs ending...I know you will have many roles in some more great movies!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know absolutley nothing about acting but even I can see that you are more than talented...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The people were always friendly and I wish i'd got to see more of the city.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other than that, UK road signs are excellent and should be very easy to follow. Road numbers are indicated by a letter and a number as in Europe; however, the sign colours and letters are different. Routes prefixed 'M' on a blue sign are motorways - this means 70mph speed limits, restrictions on vehicle types, no pedestrians/cyclists etc. Trunk roads are prefixed 'A' and use green signs - these can have anything from 2 to 6 lanes and have varying speed limits, and usually connect towns to motorways. Many A-roads have been upgraded to motorways and are suffixed with an 'M' e.g. "A47(M)". Roads prefixed with a 'B' with white signs are the larger of the back-roads. Unclassified roads typically link smaller villages together.
Speed limits for cars are 70mph (112 km/h) on motorways and dual carriageways (i.e. roads with a median strip); 60mph (96 km/h) on single carriageway roads unless otherwise signposted; and 30mph (48 km/h) in built-up unless signs show otherwise. The use of 20mph (32 km/h) zones has become increasingly common to improve safety in areas such as those around schools.
.Enforcement cameras are widespread on all types of road, though more used in some areas than others (North Yorkshire, for example, has a policy of using only mobile speed cameras operated by police).^ As an adult, I use way more stamps than I ever did in the 22 years before now.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They've been though much more than me.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I stayed their only for one day but I immediately fall in love with the city though I did not make it to do all the things you talked about.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Static cameras are often well signed, painted bright colours with clear markings on the road. While this might seem rather strange, the idea is to improve their public acceptance as a 'safety' measure (rather than the widely held opinion that they're there to collect money).
There are some variable mandatory speed limits on the M25 to the west of London (enforced by cameras, again), and the M42 near Birmingham - these are shown on overhead gantries inside a red circle; other temporary speed limits shown on matrix boards are recommended but not mandatory. Apart from these and around roadworks, the motorways are generally free of fixed speed cameras. Speeds on motorways are generally much higher than the stated speed limit (usually at least 80mph), and visitors are advised to be aware of this and stick to the inside lane. Driving at slower speeds in the outside (overtaking lane) may cause frustration to other drivers.
Despite the fact that the Traffic Police have now largely been replaced by speed cameras, driving standards still remain relatively well-maintained in the UK, with the road system being (statistically) among the safest in Europe. .It has long been known by visitors (and an increasing number of British) that a foreign licence plate makes you largely immune from speed cameras, congestion charge cameras and Traffic (Parking) Wardens, but do not abuse this.^ Dear Zach- My Daughter and I met you a long time ago when you were working with Bonnie Buol and making a commercial for Sports Brain.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hope those guys keep making movies together for a good long while (you need to get in on that action!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Makes you look like some spanish dude trying to make money off zb traffic.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.You may just hit upon the one Camera Operator/Warden who can be bothered to take the trouble to track down your address from your home licensing authority.^ You are just one busy man.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And just want to wish you and your family friends all the very best for the future and your many endeavours.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yes, I do love the fact that youre down to earth and one of my favorite actors, which probably everyone on here, that implies.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Note that the British authorities have access to vehicle registration databases from various other countries. Also, British hire car companies will charge speeding fines to your credit card, long after you have left the country. Police in some areas have begun to occasionally stop foreign-registered cars at random to simply confirm that the owners are not in fact British drivers evading UK road tax / insurance / annual vehicle inspections etc. Although it is quite rare to see a Traffic Police car nowadays, some do still prowl the motorways in un-marked cars. Any police officers, regardless of their normal duties, will pursue a vehicle seen driving dangerously.
Don't drink and drive in the UK. The maximum limit is 80mg of alcohol per 100 ml of blood (0.08%) The police often patrol roads in cities and town centres on Friday and Saturday night, on the lookout for drink drivers. .Police must have reason to suspect you have been drinking - they cannot randomly issue breath tests.^ Do the final season up right, they cannot fire you for it.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

However, the law is such that police may stop you for committing any moving traffic offence, for example, not having your seat-belt on or even failing to indicate at a junction. These minor traffic offences will give authority to police to conduct a breath test. .The police may also stop you if they suspect the person to have been drinking alcohol or if you have been involved in a motor vehicle collision (Road Traffic Collision).^ I find that if you stop looking so hard, you'll realize that the right person just kind of, finds you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I just wanted to stop by and say that I'm so happy that you're such a nice and down to earth person.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An Irish blessing for you: May you have warm words on a cold evening, A full moon on a dark night, And the road downhill all the way to your door.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Enforcement of drink driving laws are extremely strict and police will always take strict action on those failing a breath test or those refusing to do so. Do not abuse this as penalties are severe. .Fines are up to £5000, minimum driving ban is 12 months for a first offence, and you may be imprisoned for up to 6 months.^ Hey, first time posting on here, and i doubt you'll end up reading this, but if you do that would be really super.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And after I was "quarantined" there for six months after you left until the infection cleared up, you cad!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the first time I've actually looked up an actor and it brought me to this site....wait.....no.......Jake Gyllanhaal was the first actor I've looked up......You - Zack Braff are the second.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Note that a refusal to provide a breath test will result in penalties almost as severe as those for drink driving itself. Failing a breath test or refusing to give a sample of breath when requested by police will result in your immediate arrest and transport to a police custody suite where a police doctor will draw a sample of blood. A separate charge of failing to provide a specimen of breath will be added to your criminal charges. A conviction will triple your car insurance, the endorsement will stay on your licence for 11 years, and can make it difficult to find employment.
Drivers from abroad should take note that many British drivers regard the flashing of headlights as a signal that they can proceed, rather than as a warning, or as a signal to slow down due to the presence of police. This misunderstanding has led to a number of accidents. .In a dangerous situation, where there is a risk of death or injury, sound your horn, even during the night.^ An Irish blessing for you: May you have warm words on a cold evening, A full moon on a dark night, And the road downhill all the way to your door.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The inappropriate use of the horn is illegal between 23:00 and 07:30.
.It is also an offence to use your mobile phone whilst driving, although provision is made for the use of hands-free kits which are exempt from the law.^ Your a pioneer and a visionary, and although you made it..and you have, i'd love for you to read this.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Police will stop you for using your mobile phone and a £60 penalty will be issued on the spot. This fine will be accompanied with 3 points endorsed on your license. Also, it is a legal requirement that all persons in a vehicle to be wearing their seat-belt. Persons not wearing a seat-belt may receive a £30 fine, although this does not come with any points. If a child is not wearing a seat-belt, the parent or guardian, normally the driver, is responsible and a fine will be issued for that offence also. Children under 1.4 metres are also legally required to use a child booster seat for safety reasons. .Use of fog lights where there is no fog is also an offence for which you may receive a £30 fine.^ I'm a native of Brooklyn, and I agree with you that there is no place better than the city.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You have no idea how happy you would make him just to be there.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hey Zach, there's no need to justify things written about you in the press to us.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Note the following differences to the road rules from other countries: side roads never have priority, there is no requirement to stop for school buses, overtaking on the left is illegal, and you may not turn left over a red light. .There are no 4 way stop junctions in the UK; priority should be clearly marked on the road.^ There's no way you read all that is posted here...
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I like the way the show depicted it, though - that there is no either/or but rather a delicate balance between the two.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, if no one has told you yet how cool Virb.com is, you should go there and check it out and see how cool it is.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Once on any roundabout (circular), you have priority over traffic that has not entered it. Be careful of two lane roundabouts, which appear to be a uniquely British phenomenon; there are complicated rules for which lane you should be in which UK drivers learn and expect other drivers to follow. You should be fine provided you're cautious and keep an eye on other traffic.
For further information on driving in the UK, buy a copy of "The Highway Code"; this is the government-published book that is used to teach drivers the rules of the road when they are learning.

By bus and coach

Local bus services are of variable quality and cost. Rural bus services are in general better than in France and the USA, but not so good as in Italy or Germany. .It is useful to note that many cities and large towns have day cards for their bus networks that can work out as good value.^ I haven't gotten the chance to see the ex, but I look forward to renting it whenever it comes out on DVD. Good luck with any future work.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Love your work, come and chill out in Oz one day.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New York rox :) where I live haha just droping a line supporrtin your work have a good day man .
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Locals and staff will be willing to help you if you are confused by timetables.
.Coach travel tends to be slower than train travel, as well as less frequent, although it is comfortable and often much cheaper.^ I have often compared myself with your character, "JD" and wonder how much of you is in him as well.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm from the windy city -well........when I travel I actually tell people I'm from Chicago rather than saying I'm in a town called Schaumburg cuz then people would be like "where's Schaumburg" then I have to give a whole schpeel about it and it's just much easier to say Chicago.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I live on the east coast as well, I like to think that its much less hectic here than in california.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Coaches, like trains will also generally take you right to the centre of town.^ What a coincidence, you like Peach/Pomegranate Iced Tea and I'm feeling sleepy right now.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Obviously was just someone looking for a story other than the story of Scrubs, and that's not why you do stuff like the TCA, so you were right to walk away.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Don't take advantage of people, but that's generally a decent rule of thumb for all people - not just those you date.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The largest coach companies in the UK are:
  • National Express [105] is the largest long distance bus service in the UK, and services all major destinations on the mainland; they sell tickets online and at coach terminals. .Prices start at just £1 one way for promotional 'funfares' between major city-pairs, although remain quite expensive on less competitive routes such as those serving airports.
  • Megabus [106] is a relatively new service between a limited number of major destinations at cut-throat prices, as low as £1 +50p booking charge for some routes if booked well in advance.^ And by the way, Yes NYC is one f the best cities in the world, You could do J.D. goes to New York, and shoot all the season there....
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Oh well, I guess I just have to wait a century for the movies to be shown in HBO or look for it in some pirated DVD stores.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Indeed, it can take a strong dog well over an hour to eat one, and thus is an enjoyable, safe way to keep an energetic breed occupied and out of trouble.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Understandably, it is very popular with students. .To get the cheapest fares you should book a week or two ahead.^ Rob is a very talented film maker, as well, and the two of you should talk.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So %u2013 just about two weeks ago %u2013 I didn't know anything about you nor Scrubs, really!
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Me and two of my friends are going to fly to NY in two weeks and wonder if you are going to be there.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .However fares are often still good value when booked with less time (sometimes £8 London-Manchester booked only two days in advance).^ Those two thing just popped up Big Time for me in the last few days.
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ LOVE scrubs and i watched garden state for the first time like two days ago...
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ That was about two years ago, and the wellcomposed mixture of good music still adds a little more happiness to my senses!
    • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Tickets must be bought online or using the booking line (0900 160 0900, at 60 pence per minute) and cannot be bought from the driver.
  • CityLink [107] services destinations in Scotland. They sell their tickets online, by text, or from the driver, although it is always advised to book your tickets in advance. Some routes also carry Megabus passengers.
  • Dot2Dot [108] is a specialised service offered by National Express coaches, providing door-to-door airport transfer service, operating between central London and Heathrow and Gatwick airports. Prices start at £17.50 - a great alternative to taxi fares!
  • easyBus [109] is London's low cost airport transfer service from easyGroup. One-way fares start at £2, servicing Stansted, Luton, and Gatwick airports. Advance booking recommended.

By taxi

There are two types of taxis in the United Kingdom:- Metered (black) cabs that can be hailed in the street and are mostly found in larger towns and cities; and minicabs (private hire taxis) which must be ordered by telephone.
Black Cabs These are useful for travelling within cities - the name originates from the old 1960s purpose-built Austin FX3 taxis which were originally painted black, but today usually are covered in advertisements. .In major cities, custom-built vehicles which seat 5 people are commonly used as metered taxis, but in smaller cities regular cars or people-carriers are used instead.^ So I got into the car with my mom and I used my boss' directions and we entered the city via the Lincoln Tunnel.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These taxis can be hailed on the street or picked up from a taxi rank (usually found near major shopping areas and transport hubs). Tbe rate varies, typically starting at around 2-3GBP and rising at around 1GBP a mile, making them fairly expensive. .Add night charges, waiting charges, luggage charges for large suitcases etc on to the meter as well, and travelling by taxi can be expensive unless you are in a large group.^ Ever since then i been watching the show every night just waiting for you or Dr. Cox (john C) to make my happy ass laugh.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A short 10 minute trip would normally cost between 3-5GBP. The 'Taxi' sign on the roof is illuminated when a taxi is available.
Minicabs More common in suburbs and smaller towns, minicabs can only be used by telephone ordering and charge fixed prices to different destinations. Local telephone directories usually advertise taxi companies, and the phone numbers are usually painted in big numbers on the side of their vehicles. Minicabs are usually much cheaper, fares for long journeys can often be negotiated (although you should agree the fare with the phone operator when booking, not with the driver) and most companies have a variety of vehicle sizes from small saloons (Ford Mondeo, Skoda Octavia, Peugeot 406 etc) up to large 12-seater minivans so if you have a large group you can specify the vehicle size. Some minicab firms specialize in serving airports and offer discounted rates.
Fake taxis Fake taxis are not a major problem and are mostly found around the major airports. A few tips: Check that the taxi has a rear taxi-license plate on the rear bumper and that it carries the name of the local authorative council. The driver's taxi license should be displayed on the dashboard. The meter displays the correct rate (the metered fares are usually advertised on the side of the taxi). .If calling a minicab, the taxi company will ask your last-name and your phone number - the driver should know this when he picks you up.^ I felt that you should know.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You should talk to your people.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You know what you should do?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If approached by a taxi driver claiming that you booked their taxi (particularly in airports or nightlife districts), ask them to confirm your name and phone number - if they don't know then it is most likely that they are fake.^ I don't know how you do that stuff.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't know you.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Never read the tabloids so I don't know what you're guilty of...:) Enjoy your summer.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most local councils require licensed taxis to be newer than 10 or 15 years old.^ S: i know that probably not all of my words will be correct, cause i am from austria and 15 years old ^^ :) .
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'm currently 15 years old, nearing 16 and nearing the end of my high school years, well..
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Many fake taxis use older vehicles.

By boat

Ferries link the mainland to the many offshore islands including the Isles of Scilly from Penzance; the Isle of Wight from Southampton and Portsmouth; the Isle of Man from Liverpool and Ireland, the Orkneys and Shetland islands. There are also numerous car and passenger ferry routes between England and France and between Ireland and the UK. There are also regular ferry services between Northern Ireland and Scotland and these depart Larne, Belfast, Troon, Stranraer and Cairnryan. There are also routes from Northern Ireland to Birkenhead and Fleetwood (both near Liverpool in England).

By thumb

Pedestrians are banned on motorways, motorway junctions, as well as on certain primary routes. However, aside from those exceptions, hitchhiking is not illegal. .The British are very aware of safety, and you may expect a long wait for a ride.^ Also, I may very well be in love with you..
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hi Zach i have followed your writing for a long time.really you have given very successful information.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hello Zach, I am very happy for you nominees Emmy 2008, I wait you win.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If you use signs, it's fairly customary to use the number of the road on them rather than the destination.^ Well, enjoy and when you get time off at Christmas, rather than be cold, come south to Australia and date yourself silly here.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What better place to vacation than in NYC (don't you hate it when people use vacation as a verb?
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although, on some level, I'd rather you dress like Wendy while you write than mummified, rolled up in Charmin.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In other words, from Birmingham to London you wouldn't use a sign "LONDON" but rather "M25". Two places where signs are quite useful are Land's End and John O'Groats, the two extremes of the country, especially if your sign says the other.^ I was psycho about you adding me on a stupid webpage I hardly use except for my two friends in Jersey, a few in Scotland.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now on to the other thing you mentioned in your blog - New York.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I want to hug you till I go out your other side!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Note that traffic in more remote areas of Scotland, Wales, and Cornwall can be quite scarce.

By Bicycle

The UK can be both a cyclist's dream and nightmare. Fortunately cycling is popular as both a sport and a means of transportation. Bike rental exists in some cities e.g. Cambridge or Oxford and in some scenic areas. A handful of smaller cities such as Reading have introduced 'Community Bicycle' schemes in which a bike can be rented from various 'bike stations' around the city and this is expected to be introduced in London before the 2012 Olympics. The wheels of choice for most British cyclists is the hybrid bike - they have the comfort and practicality of a city bike combined with the performance (multi-speed gearing) and ruggedness of a mountain bike. Conventional mountain bikes and single-speed roadsters are also common, and folding bikes are becoming more popular in major cities. Bicycles are expensive in the UK - expect to pay 100GBP-plus for a basic model. They are sold by individual manufacturer's dealers (e.g. Dawes, Raleigh, Giant), automobile product stores (e.g. Halfords), sport accessory stores (e.g. Decathlon) and through private bicycle retailers. Cheaper used bikes can be purchased online via websites such as EBay or may be advertised in newspapers, notice-boards etc.
Urban cycling varies city-to-city. Most cities have designated cycle-lanes although they are routinely ignored by drivers and are often shared with buses, motorcycles and taxis. Some major roads will have split-pavements for pedestrians and cyclists, whilst other times cyclists are expected to ride in the traffic. .This can be dangerous if you're not a skilled cyclist and general traffic rules should be adhered to.^ Maybe I should start watching some of this stuff you're in :).
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Don't take advantage of people, but that's generally a decent rule of thumb for all people - not just those you date.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hope you're having a great summer in NYC. You should check out a band called The Upwelling (www.theupwelling.com).
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It's a legal requirement to have reflectors and a bell, and a rear blinker light must be used at night. Also many cyclists use standard arm-signals to alert motorists - if you are turning left or right you should raise your left or right arm respectively, and if you wish to stop then you should wave your left arm up and down. Cycling is banned on certain roads - all motorways and many primary (A) roads - a sign will indicate this.
Most cities will have designated bike-parking areas with bicycle racks and are almost always free. Carry a good lock with you as bike-theft is common. Bicycles are permitted on SOME trains, depending on the operator. .Commuter trains generally allow folding bicycles only, some regional trains may have a rack that can carry 2-3 bicycles, while many intercity trains have a baggage car that can hold many bikes.^ I have enjoyed acting for several years now, and I have been in many school, community, and some regional theatre shows.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Check with the operator before-hand - bikes will almost always require a reservation: on some trains for free, some for a small charge (typically half the adult fare) whilst others will require a full-fare ticket. Reservations can be made over the phone (via National Rail or via the train operator), or at the station ticket office. Long-distance coaches also allow bicycles, although again they must be reserved and there may be a surcharge. .Local city buses and regional buses don't allow full-size bikes but some operators may permit folding bicycles - you should check before hand.^ You should real check it out.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You should check them out (esp.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You should check them out!
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

If a bus is quiet then it's often down to the driver's discretion. Rapid transit systems also have varying bicycle policies e.g. London Underground allows folding bicycles at all times and conventional bicycles outside of peak hours as long as the train isn't crowded.
The SUSTRANS Cycle Network is a series of paved and unpaved cycle tracks covering the whole country, passing through some spectacular scenery on the way. Their website (www.sustrans.co.uk) has a comprehensive cycle-map and most cycle-stores, tourist information centres and youth hostels also sell their maps.
"Two countries divided by a common language"
Speakers of American English will find some terms which differ in British English:
  • Barrister/solicitor - lawyer
  • Bill - check
  • Biscuits - cookies
  • Bonnet - the hood of a car
  • Boot - the trunk of a car
  • Bum - ass
  • Cash point/cash machine - ATM
  • Chemist/pharmacy - drug store
  • Chips - fries, which may be "french fries" or thick-cut traditional English chips
  • Christian name - first name
  • Crisps - potato chips
  • Cupboard - closet
  • Dinner - for some people it is the midday meal; they would call the evening meal "tea"
  • Dummy/dummytit - pacifier
  • Fag - cigarette (only used colloquially), also a rude, demeaning way of referring to a homosexual man
  • Fanny - "female private part"
  • Football - soccer
  • Jam - jelly
  • Jelly - jello
  • Lift - elevator in building; the offer of a ride in car
  • Mobile (phone) - cell phone
  • Nappy - diaper
  • Off licence/off sales - liquor store
  • Pavement - sidewalk
  • Pushchair/pram/buggie - baby stroller
  • Queue - line
  • Ring - call (someone on telephone)
  • Rubbish - trash/garbage
  • Serviette - napkin (on table)
  • Smart - can also mean sharp (well-dressed)
  • Surname - last name
  • Tea - tea; can also mean an early evening snack meal, or sometimes the main evening meal.
  • Supper - sometimes means snacks after the evening meal at a later time of the night
  • Toilet - washroom/restroom
  • Torch - flashlight
  • Trousers - pants
.English is spoken throughout the country, although there are parts of major cities where immigration has led to a variety of different languages being spoken as well.^ WOW what a difference being in a 3rd world country makes.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC