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United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland
Sovereign state

 

1801–1922¹
 

Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Dieu et mon droit  (French
"God and my right"
Anthem
God Save the King (Queen)
Capital London
Language(s) English (de facto official). .Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Scots, Welsh and Cornish widely spoken in parts.^ Four major cultural and ethnic components constitute the United Kingdom, the Irish, Scottish, Welsh, and the English themselves.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This Celtic influence can still be found in the language and culture of the Welsh and Gaelic (Irish) enclaves.
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^ Ethnic Distribution : English: 81.5%; Scottish: 9.6%; Irish: 2.4%; Welsh: 1.9%; Ulster: 1.8%; West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other: 2.8% .
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Government Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 - 1801–1820 George III
 - 1820–1830 George IV
 - 1830–1837 William IV
 - 1837–1901 Victoria
 - 1901–1910 Edward VII
 - 1910–1927 (cont. as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) George V
Prime Minister
 - 1801, 1804–1806 William Pitt the Younger
 - 1924–1927 (In name-cont.) Stanley Baldwin
Legislature Parliament
 - Upper house House of Lords
 - Lower house House of Commons
History
 - Act of Union 1800 1 January 1801
 - Disestablished 6 December 1922
 - UK name changed 12 April 1927
Area
 - 1801 315,093 km2 (121,658 sq mi)
Population
 - 1801 est. 16,345,646 
     Density 51.9 /km2  (134.4 /sq mi)
 - 1921 est. 42,769,196 
     Density 135.7 /km2  (351.6 /sq mi)
Currency Pound sterling
.1 The Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, but this fact was not reflected in the long-form name of United Kingdom until the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act in 1927. The current British state, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is universally accepted to be a direct continuation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and should not be imagined to be a break from it or a new state formed after it.^ The kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland.
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^ From 1801, when Great Britain and Ireland were united, to 1922, when the Irish Free State ( see IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF) was established, the kingdom was officially designated the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
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^ Britain and the United States bombed Iraq again.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]


² The Royal motto used in Scotland was Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (Latin for "No-one provokes me with impunity").
.The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, Great Britain and Ireland, Great Britain and sometimes, as a synecdoche, as England)[1] was the formal name and the state form of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927. It was formed by the merger of the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself having been a merger of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland) and the Kingdom of Ireland, with Ireland being governed directly from Westminster through its Dublin Castle administration.^ The kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland.
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^ From 1801, when Great Britain and Ireland were united, to 1922, when the Irish Free State ( see IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF) was established, the kingdom was officially designated the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
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^ Britain and the United States bombed Iraq again.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.Following Irish independence on 6 December 1922, when the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty came into effect, the name continued in official use until it was changed to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland by the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act of 1927.^ Ireland became an independent republic in 1921, but the Irish question has persisted.
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^ The Racial and Religious Hatred Act came into effect in 2006.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sketches of reforms and reformers, of Great Britain and Ireland.

Contents

Terms of the Union

George III, the first king of the new United Kingdom.
.Under the terms of the Act of Union, the separate Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland were abolished and replaced by a united Parliament of the United Kingdom.^ The kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland.
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^ Sketches of reforms and reformers, of Great Britain and Ireland.

^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
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[2] .The new House of Commons consisted of all Members of Great Britain's 18th Parliament and 100 Irish MPs co-opted in a special election in 1801.^ All members of the House of Commons are then subject to the general election.
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^ Years after the Great Potato Famine began that Britain loosened its land-ownership requirements for Irish voters: 5 .
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^ During the first half of the 18th century, the population of Great Britain increased by less than 15 percent.
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[2] .The new House of Lords consisted of all members of Great Britain's House of Lords, as well as four Lords Spiritual and twenty-eight Lords Temporal from the Irish House of Lords.^ Years after the Great Potato Famine began that Britain loosened its land-ownership requirements for Irish voters: 5 .
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^ Peerages (such as "Duke of Edinburgh") cannot be renounced.  The second Viscount Stansgate tried to do that but it didn't work.  As a consequence, there is now a procedure called "disclaiming" a peerage.  The Peerage Act 1963 allowed hereditary peerages of England, Scotland, Great Britain or the United Kingdom  to be disclaimed for life.  (It also allowed hereditary peeresses to be members of the House of Lords, and for all Scottish peers to sit in the House of Lords.
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^ Great Britain was one of the three members of the EUROPEAN UNION (q.v.; EU) that elected not to adopt the EURO, (q.v.
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[2] .The new Parliament met in the Palace of Westminster, formerly the home of the Parliament of Great Britain and, until 1707, the Parliament of England.^ Great Britain from then on had a single Parliament and a single system of national administration, taxation, and weights and measures.
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^ New statutory arrangements, in the form of the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme, were introduced in Great Britain on 1 April 1996.
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^ The kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland.
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.Part of the trade-off for Irish Roman Catholics, who since 1652 were barred from voting or attending Parliament altogether under the Cromwellian Act of Settlement, was to be the granting of Catholic Emancipation, which had been fiercely resisted by the all-Anglican Irish Parliament.^ By the Local Government Act of 1888 the citizens of London were deprived of all right of jurisdiction over the county of Middlesex, which had been expressly granted by various charters.

^ In the case of King Edward VIII, he succeeded because he was the heir of Electress Sophia of Hanover, and Parliament made her the heir in the 1701 Act of Settlement .
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^ Corporations all around the world, including those in Britain, are trading for these minerals and are making a huge profit off the warring factions.
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.However, this was blocked by King George III who argued that emancipating Roman Catholics would breach his Coronation Oath to act as protector of Protestantism.^ Prince Michael's children, however, could succeed as long as they are not Roman Catholics themselves.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And now "good" posts : "Who succeeded King George II?" "Why does Queen Elizabeth II celebrate her birthday in April and in June?"
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^ The criteria required of a candidate are that he or she be born in wedlock, of a marriage contracted in accordance with the Royal Marriages Act of 1772, and that he or she not be a Roman Catholic or have married one (according to the Act of Settlement of 1701).
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The United Kingdom

.
Sackville Street in Dublin in the United Kingdom, c.
^ Dolphin House Map Chichester Street London, United Kingdom SW1V 3LX $191.47 The perfect home away from home.
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^ Londinium Towers Map 97 Mansell Street London, United Kingdom E1 8AP $157.32 Londinium Tower is located to the east of London city- close to Tower Bridge and the Tower of London.
  • London lodging | Lodging in London United Kingdom | LodgingHunt.com 28 January 2010 1:01 UTC lodginghunt.com [Source type: General]

^ British Speedway Promoters Association ACU House Wood Street RUGBY CV21 2YX United Kingdom .
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1908
.The merger was initially seen favourably in Ireland, given that the old Irish parliament was seen as hostile to the majority Catholic population, some of whose members had only been given the vote as late as 1794 and who were legally debarred from election to the body.^ Some were conceded but only after Catholics had been battened off the streets and the British Army had intervened.
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^ Tony Blair's parliament invoked emergency powers and enacted a law making it legal for sixteen-year-old boys to engage in homosexual acts with middle-aged members of parliament; the House of Lords had thrice rejected the legislation.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ Any detainee who says that he or she is suffering as a result of torture will be seen initially by a doctor from the service's medical panel.
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.The Roman Catholic hierarchy endorsed the Union.^ Freedom of religion was not endorsed or denied in the Bill of Rights, but Roman Catholics were excluded from the right to bear arms for their self-defence.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, King George III's decision to block Catholic Emancipation fatally undermined the appeal of the Union.^ George's children, however, could succeed as long as they are not Roman Catholics themselves.
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^ The Early Years of King George III. .
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.Leaders like Henry Grattan, who sat in the new parliament, having been leading members of the old one, were bitterly critical.^ A new book by a prominent British psychologist argued that having enemies improves one's quality of life.
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^ One hundred seventy-five members of the British parliament , including five former law lords, also filed a brief attacking the administration's detainment policy.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ After the death of Henry III. (1272) the country had to wait for their new king, who was then in the Holy Land.

.The eventual achievement of Catholic Emancipation in 1829, following a campaign by Daniel O'Connell, MP for County Clare, who had won election to Westminster and who could not for religious beliefs take the Oath of Supremacy, removed the main negative that had undermined the appeal of the old parliament, the exclusion of Catholics.^ The 7 March 2007 elections were followed by a power-sharing agreement between the two main parties, the Protestant Democratic Union Party (DUP) and the Roman Catholic Sinn Fein.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Westminster Column, outside the entrance to Dean's Yard, was erected to the memory of the old pupils of Westminster School who died in the Russian and Indian wars of 1854-1859.

^ An appellant who succeeded on this ground would not be granted asylum but could not be removed from the United Kingdom to the country concerned and would be eligible for exceptional leave to remain.
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From 1829 on a demand grew again for a native Irish parliament separate from Westminster. However, his campaign to repeal the Act of Union ultimately failed.
.Aspects of the United Kingdom met with popularity in Ireland during the 122-year union.^ At that time, life expectancy at birth in the United Kingdom averaged 79 years for women and 73 for men; the infant mortality rate was 6.6 per 1000 live births.
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^ Of the approximately 2.4 million ha (approximately 5.9 million acres) in woodlands in the United Kingdom, about 48% are in Scotland, 39% in England, 10% in Wales, and 3% in Northern Ireland.
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^ There are fewer cases of infectious syphilis per year in men in England (194 cases in 1994) than there are clinics in the United Kingdom, 230.
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.Hundreds of thousands flocked to Dublin for the visits of Queen Victoria in 1900, King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra in 1903 and 1907 and King George V and Queen Mary in 1911. About 210,000 Irishmen fought in Irish regiments of the United Kingdom and Allied armies in World War I, at a time when Ireland was the only home nation where conscription was not in force.^ At that time, life expectancy at birth in the United Kingdom averaged 79 years for women and 73 for men; the infant mortality rate was 6.6 per 1000 live births.
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^ Regional units within the United Kingdom have facilities to record interview sessions on video of children being asked open questions about the alleged abuse.
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^ Mary Stuart, queen of Scots, had two husbands who held the title of king: François, dauphin then king of France, (d.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

Irish Home Rule

.Figures such as Isaac Butt and Charles Stewart Parnell, the first leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, campaigned for a version of all-Ireland self-government called home rule within the United Kingdom, which was nearly achieved in the 1880s under the (British) ministry of William Ewart Gladstone who introduced two Irish Home Rule Bills.^ The United Kingdom lies entirely within the BRITISH ISLES, (q.v.
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^ A British - Ugandan team of scientists said that the glaciers of the Rwenzori Mountains in East Africa , which the Greek geographer Ptolemy called "the mountains of the moon," could melt within the next two decades.
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^ David Kelly , a British Ministry of Defense scientist who was accused of being the source of news reports that the British government had doctored its intelligence on Iraq , was found dead two days after he was interrogated by a parliamentary committee.
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.However, the measures were defeated in Parliament, and following the ascension of the Conservatives to the majority, the issue was buried as long as that party was in power.^ Bute's ministry was not a success, however, and four short-lived ministries followed until 1770, when George found, in Lord North, a leader pleasing both to him and to the majority of Parliament.
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^ In the late 1730s, however, a war party emerged in Parliament.
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^ In the general election of 1964, however, the latter was narrowly defeated by the Labour party, headed by Harold Wilson.
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.With the return to power of the Liberals in 1910 general election supported by the Irish Party under John Redmond who now held the balance of power in the Commons, the veto power of the Lords was removed under the Parliament Act 1911 and a Home Rule Bill introduced in 1912 passed Parliament as the Third Home Rule Act in 1914, but was temporarily suspended for the duration of World War I.^ World War I began in 1914 in Sarajevo.
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^ The stage was now set for World War I. .
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^ A struggle between Parliament and the Stuart kings, a bloody civil war (1642-1649), and establishment of a republic under the Puritans, ended with the restoration of the monarchy in 1688.
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.However the constant delaying of Home Rule and the opposition of the Orange Order in Ulster created the frustration that eventually led to political violence and the 1916 Easter Rising.^ Continued frustration with the nation's inability to win the war, however, led to the replacement of Asquith by Lloyd George, heading a predominantly Conservative coalition, in December 1916.
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^ The British government introduced separate Home Rule bills for Northern and Southern Ireland, as Ulster Protestants wanted to remain with the UK. The Ulster Protestants accepted the division of Ireland in 1920.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When Gladstone became a convert to the cause of home rule—the creation of a semi-independent Irish legislature and cabinet—he divided the Liberal party and led his brief third ministry (1886) to defeat.
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.An attempt to introduce Irish self-government was made by PM Lloyd George in 1917 when he called an Irish Convention which after six months deliberating failed to agree on the inclusion or exclusion of Ulster.^ Moreover, the Irish Home Rule debate meant that Ireland too sought self-government and was a source of weakness for the empire.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Likewise, people such as George Seawright and Ian Paisley have made much of their claim that Ulster is under siege from the "Papists".
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^ The proclamation calls on all Irish people to unite saying that all previous differences which "have divided a minority from the majority" were "carefully fostered by an alien government.
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.The European situation with the threat of conscription changed the political climate such that in the 1918 general election, the Irish Party lost most of its seats to the new Sinn Féin party.^ The general election of 1945 gave the Labour party for the first time a majority of the popular vote and an overwhelming parliamentary majority.
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^ In the general election of 1964, however, the latter was narrowly defeated by the Labour party, headed by Harold Wilson.
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^ In the general election of 2001, the Labour party won 413 seats, the Conservatives 166, the Liberal Democrats 52, and minor parties 28.
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Breakdown of the Union

The area shaded red left the UK in 1922.
.In 1919, Sinn Féin MPs elected to Westminster formed a unilaterally independent Irish parliament in Dublin, the first Dáil Éireann with an executive under the President of Dáil Éireann, Éamon de Valera.^ The Irish Parliament, controlled by Anglo-Irish Protestants, won a greater degree of independence.
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^ The Dublin legislature was abolished, and 100 Irish representatives became members of the Parliament in London; only an Irish viceroy and a London-appointed administration remained in Dublin.
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^ The kingdom, along with other independent countries and their dependencies and several associated states, form the COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS, (q.v.; see also WESTMINSTER, STATUTE OF,).
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.A War of Independence was fought between 1919 and 1921. The island of Ireland was partitioned on 3 May 1921 under the Government of Ireland Act 1920 into two distinct autonomous United Kingdom regions, the short-lived Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland.^ In 1920, the British Parliament divided Northern Ireland from Southern Ireland and gave each its own parliament and government.
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^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
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^ A struggle between Parliament and the Stuart kings, a bloody civil war (1642-1649), and establishment of a republic under the Puritans, ended with the restoration of the monarchy in 1688.
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[3] .On 6 December 1922, a year after the Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed, the entire island of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and formed a new Dominion, the Irish Free State.^ In 1902, Britain signed a treaty with Japan.
  • Serbian Unity Congress | Serbian People's History - The Congress og Berlin 11 September 2009 13:42 UTC www.serbianunity.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Sketches of reforms and reformers, of Great Britain and Ireland.

^ From 1801, when Great Britain and Ireland were united, to 1922, when the Irish Free State ( see IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF) was established, the kingdom was officially designated the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
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.However, as was widely expected, Northern Ireland almost immediately exercised its right under the Anglo-Irish Treaty, to opt out of the Irish Free State and back into the United Kingdom.^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
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^ Iran criticized Australia, Bahrain, Britain, France, Italy, and the United States for carrying out a practice naval exercise in the Persian Gulf, then announced ten days of “Great Prophet II” war games.
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^ Of the approximately 2.4 million ha (approximately 5.9 million acres) in woodlands in the United Kingdom, about 48% are in Scotland, 39% in England, 10% in Wales, and 3% in Northern Ireland.
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[4] With that, the Irish border became an international frontier.
.The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland continued in name until 1927 when it was renamed as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland by the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927.^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
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^ It wasn't until 22 February 1957 that HM The Queen corrected this situation and made her husband a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
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^ The Peerage is made up of two parts:  one part is the separate ranks in the peerage (see question 2 below) and the other part is the five separate peerages.  These separate peerages are the peerage of England, of Scotland, of Ireland, of Great Britain, and of the United Kingdom.  Peers were created in the "peerage of England" or the "peerage of Scotland" up until 1707 when these two kingdoms combined under what is known as the Act of Union.  Peers created after this date were in the "peerage of Great Britain".  Peers continued to be created in the "peerage of Ireland" until 1801 when Great Britain and Ireland were combined in a second Act of Union.  Peers created after this date were in the "peerage of the United Kingdom".
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

Legacy

A passport from the Realm.
.Despite increasing political independence from each other from 1922 and complete political independence since 1949, the union left the two countries intertwined with each other in many respects.^ Since 1 September 1997, safe third-country cases within the European Union have been governed by the Dublin Convention.
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^ Since Northern Ireland is not as liberal towards abortion as the other three countries, some pregnant teenagers go to the larger cities on the mainland to obtain abortions.
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^ [With regard to abortion, since Northern Ireland is not as liberal as the other three countries, some pregnant teenagers go to the larger cities on the mainland to obtain abortions.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Ireland used the Irish pound from 1928 until 2001 when the euro replaced it. Until it joined the ERM in 1979, the Irish pound was directly linked to the pound sterling. .Decimalisation of both currencies occurred simultaneously on Decimal Day in 1971. Coins of equivalent value had the same dimensions and size until the introduction of the British twenty pence coin in 1982, the first new coin to be issued since the break with sterling.^ In 1968 Great Britain took the first step in a 3-year conversion of its currency to the decimal system by introducing the first two new coins, the 5-new-pence piece (equal to 1 old shilling) and the 10-new-pence piece.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since Frank Jordan's break up, Mike Visser has been working on his new album.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Percentage of the Ecologist 's fall 1998 issue's entire press run immediately pulped by the printer, for fear of breaking British libel laws: 100 .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

.British coinage, therefore, although technically not legal tender in the Republic of Ireland was in wide circulation and usually acceptable as payment, and vice versa.^ The six counties of Northern Ireland continued to be represented in the British Parliament, although they also gained their own provincial parliament.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The new British twenty pence coin and later British one pound coin were the notable exceptions to this, as there was initially no equivalent Irish coin value, and when subsequently, Irish coins of these values were introduced, their designs differed significantly, thereby not allowing for 'stealth' passing of the coins in change.^ There has been no change to these provisions.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There has been one exception to this rule in this century.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Government has introduced the Police (Northern Ireland) Bill (annex R) into Parliament in December 1997 to implement changes in line with these recommendations.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Irish citizens in the UK have a status almost equivalent to British citizens. .They can vote in all elections and even stand for Parliament.^ Traditionally, HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother and HRH The Princess Margaret did not vote because of their closeness to HM The Queen even though they have always been legally entitled.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

.As well as this, some people born in the Republic of Ireland before 1949, but after 3 March 1922, are British subjects.^ A campaign of terrorism by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) followed; its aim was to unite Northern Ireland with the Irish Republic in defiance of the wishes of a majority of the Northern Irish people.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Was Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark a British subject before he became naturalized in 1947?
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From 1801, when Great Britain and Ireland were united, to 1922, when the Irish Free State ( see IRELAND, REPUBLIC OF) was established, the kingdom was officially designated the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.British citizens have similar rights to Irish citizens in the Republic of Ireland and can vote in all elections apart from presidential elections and referendums.^ The Isle of Man, in the Irish Sea, and the Channel Islands, close to Brittany, are dependent Crown territories and part of the British Isles, but not part of the UK. The UK has a land border with the Republic of Ireland and is connected to France via the Channel Tunnel.
  • Minority Rights Group International : United Kingdom : United Kingdom Overview 13 January 2010 11:27 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The British House of Lords voted to limit the right of parents to spank their children .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ By the Local Government Act of 1888 the citizens of London were deprived of all right of jurisdiction over the county of Middlesex, which had been expressly granted by various charters.

.Under the Irish nationality law anyone born on the island of Ireland to a British or Irish parent can have Irish citizenship and so most children born in Northern Ireland can have a British or an Irish passport (or both).^ Most of the island became the Irish Free State, independent of British rule in all but name.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British House of Lords voted to limit the right of parents to spank their children .
  • Great Britain (Harper's Magazine) 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC harpers.org [Source type: General]

^ British measures gradually curbed but could not totally halt the wave of bombings and killings in Northern Ireland and England.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Before 2002, there was no requirement for one parent to be a British or Irish citizen and so all persons born on the island of Ireland before then are entitled to be Irish citizens.^ The Government of the Cayman Islands continues at all times to seek to ensure that the requirements of the Convention are scrupulously observed.
  • University of Minnesota Human Rights Library 16 October 2009 11:22 UTC www.umn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the island became the Irish Free State, independent of British rule in all but name.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sorry folks, no magical stories, and "scrubs" is (as was on one of the DVD's) the most realistic medical show out there (sorry Grey's Fans...All the pretty stuff, and fluff is just soap opera.
  • : : : ZACHBRAFF : : : - Hi there. 18 January 2010 6:33 UTC www.zachbraff.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


List of monarchs

George V, the last King to be styled as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
.Until 1927, part of the monarch's royal title included the words King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Peerage is made up of two parts:  one part is the separate ranks in the peerage (see question 2 below) and the other part is the five separate peerages.  These separate peerages are the peerage of England, of Scotland, of Ireland, of Great Britain, and of the United Kingdom.  Peers were created in the "peerage of England" or the "peerage of Scotland" up until 1707 when these two kingdoms combined under what is known as the Act of Union.  Peers created after this date were in the "peerage of Great Britain".  Peers continued to be created in the "peerage of Ireland" until 1801 when Great Britain and Ireland were combined in a second Act of Union.  Peers created after this date were in the "peerage of the United Kingdom".
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

^ United Kingdom: http://www.royal.gov.uk II - Websites which predominantly feature British royalty and nobility: .
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1927, the words United Kingdom were dropped from the royal title so that the monarch was instead styled as King of Great Britain, Ireland...[and other places].^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the approximately 2.4 million ha (approximately 5.9 million acres) in woodlands in the United Kingdom, about 48% are in Scotland, 39% in England, 10% in Wales, and 3% in Northern Ireland.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The massive drop in gonorrhea in the United Kingdom in 1986 to 1988 was not matched by a significant drop in hospital cases of acute salpingitis.
  • CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1 February 2010 4:27 UTC www.kinseyinstitute.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The words United Kingdom were restored to the monarch's title in 1953 with the reference to Ireland replaced with a reference to Northern Ireland.^ The total area of the United Kingdom is 244,046 sq km (94,227 sq mi), of which Great Britain accounts for 229,898 sq km (88,764 sq mi) and Northern Ireland 14,148 sq km (5463 sq mi).
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Of the approximately 2.4 million ha (approximately 5.9 million acres) in woodlands in the United Kingdom, about 48% are in Scotland, 39% in England, 10% in Wales, and 3% in Northern Ireland.
  • GREAT BRITAIN, 9 February 2010 14:014 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It wasn't until 22 February 1957 that HM The Queen corrected this situation and made her husband a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  • alt.talk.royalty FAQ: British royalty and nobility 17 September 2009 0:38 UTC www.heraldica.org [Source type: Original source]


See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ R.W. Burchfield, Fowler's Modern English Usage (1996) pp. 249-50; Pam Peters, The Cambridge Guide to English Usage (2004) p. 79; A.J.P. Taylor, English History: 1914-1945 p. v
  2. ^ a b c Act of Union 1800, Article 4.
  3. ^ Order in Council of 3 May 1921 (SR&O 1921, No. 533). Their constitutional roots remained the Act of Union, two complimentary Acts, one passed by the Parliament of Great Britain, the other by the Parliament of Ireland.
  4. ^ On 7 December 1922 (the day after the establishment of the Irish Free State) the Parliament resolved to make the following address to the King so as to opt out of the Irish Free State: ”MOST GRACIOUS SOVEREIGN, We, your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Senators and Commons of Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, having learnt of the passing of the Irish Free State Constitution Act 1922, being the Act of Parliament for the ratification of the Articles of Agreement for a Treaty between Great Britain and Ireland, do, by this humble Address, pray your Majesty that the powers of the Parliament and Government of the Irish Free State shall no longer extend to Northern Ireland". Source: Northern Ireland Parliamentary Report, 7 December 1922 and Anglo-Irish Treaty, sections 11, 12. If Northern Ireland had not done so it would have became an autonomous part of the Irish Free State.

External links

Preceded by:
Kingdom of Great Britain
1707–1801
Kingdom of Ireland
1541–1801
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

1801–1922
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1922–present
Irish Free State
1922–1937

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Simple English

United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

State union

File:Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg

1801-1922¹ File:Flag of the United
File:Flag of
File:Flag of the United File:Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Dieu et mon droit  (French
"God and my right"
Anthem: God Save the King (Queen)
Territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1922
Capital London
51°30′N 0°07′W
Language(s) English³
Government Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 - 1801–1820 George III
 - 1820–1830 George IV
 - 1830–1837 William IV
 - 1837–1901 Victoria
 - 1901–1910 Edward VII
 - 1910–1927 (cont.) George V
Prime Minister
 - 1801–1801 William Pitt the Younger
 - 1924–1927 (cont.) Stanley Baldwin
Legislature Parliament
 - Upper house House of Lords
 - Lower house House of Commons
History
 - Act of Union 1800 1 January
 - Irish independence 6 December, 1922
 - UK name changed 12 April, 1927
Area
 - 1801 315,093 km2
121,658 sq mi
Population
 - 1801 est. 16,345,646 
     Density 51.9 /km² 
134.4 /sq mi
 - 1921 est. 42,769,196 
     Density 135.7 /km² 
351.6 /sq mi
Currency Pound sterling
1 The Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, but this fact was not reflected in the long-form name of United Kingdom until Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act in 1927. The current British state, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is universally accepted to be a direct continuation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and should not be imagined to be a break from it or a new state formed after it.
² The Royal motto used in Scotland was Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (Latin for "No-one provokes me with impunity").
³ In addition to English (official status established by precedent), Irish, Scottish Gaelic, and Welsh were spoken regionally.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927. It was formed by the merger of the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself having been a merger of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland) and the Kingdom of Ireland.

List of monarchs

Though the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland came to an end in 1922, the monarch continued to use the title of King or Queen of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1927.

Other pages

Other websites

Preceded by:
Kingdom of Great Britain
1707–1801
Kingdom of Ireland
1541–1801
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

1801–1922
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1922–present
Irish Free State
1922–1937

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on British Empire, which are similar to those in the above article.








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